Full-Service Law Firm in Freeport, Bahamas
Law Firm OverviewParris Whittaker, Attorney at Law, located in Freeport, Bahamas, is a full-service law firm with over 40 years of experience in commercial transactions and litigation. We’ve designed our practice to accommodate both non-Bahamas businesses that need sharp local expertise, and local/regional businesses that want a trusted hand and 24/7 attention.
Our firm's array of services is broad. As real estate, banking and litigation experts, we've built legal specialties around our strengths and your needs. We often price our services based on your value, not maximizing our fees.
Doing business in the Bahamas isn't as easy as you might think. It’s governed by arcane laws, complex systems and local politics that can prove baffling—and unproductive—to outsiders. That’s why so many global and regional businesses look to Parris Whittaker for their legal needs.
Areas of Law
Additional Areas of Law: Conveyances & Mortgages; Commercial Property Transactions; GBPA License Applications; Incorporation & Restructuring; E-Business.
Areas of Law Description
Parris Whittaker provides legal representation and services in the following areas of practice:
- Conveyances & Mortgages
Our experience and precision allows you to run your Bahamas-based transaction without a hitch. We provide all essential conveyance and mortgage services, offering the benefit of wisdom gained through hundreds of successful conveyances.
- Corporate Services, Incorporation & Restructuring
Whether you’re forming or acquiring a company, reissuing shares, resolving a shareholder dispute, or simply ensuring in compliance with local laws, we have decades of experience with corporate law in the Bahamas and are active members of the Bahamas business community.
- Real Estate & Commercial Property Transactions
Whether your project involves a shopping center, condo complex, mixed-use development or subdivision, ParrisWhittaker will perform your due diligence. We will shepherd your transaction attentively, so that you get the full benefit of your investment.
- Litigation (Civil, Commercial & Trust)
We have experience with virtually all the rules of law, and excel in research, oral argument and thinking on our feet. We’re so experienced that we can frequently offer beneficial billing arrangements driven by an informed estimate of the time and resources required to prevail.
- E-Business & E-Commerce
With our strategic help, you’ll find the Bahamas to be an excellent solution for ebusiness and ecommerce companies. ParrisWhittaker is on the cutting edge of ebusiness and ecommerce law in the Bahamas and will leverage this knowledge on your behalf.
- Employment & Immigration
If your company is shackled by a labor-union dispute or needs to bring an employee from overseas, or if you find yourself on either side of a wrongful dismissal claim, ParrisWhittaker gives you the best possible representation across employment and immigration law categories.
- Estates, Probates, Wills & Trusts
Without an attorney experienced in estates, probates, wills and trusts, you may lose control of your hard-earned money, or be deprived of the inheritance that’s coming to you. ParrisWhittaker can protect you and your beneficiaries—or help you obtain your due.
- Family & Matrimonial Law
We offer an efficient solution, with reasonable rates, superior representation, and a sense of humor to boot. Our experience in the courtroom defuses frayed nerves, and our humanistic approach provides perspective during a time of great stress.
- Grand Bahama Port Authority (GBPA) License Applications
This is one of the primary reasons to do business in Freeport. Whether local or international, your company can profit greatly from having a Grand Bahama Port Authority (GBPA) license. At ParrisWhittaker, we know all the ins and outs of GBPA licensing.
- Intellectual Property, Trademarks & Trade Names
ParrisWhittaker registers your trademark, patent or copyright efficiently and cost-effectively. Or, if you incorporate a company in the Bahamas, ParrisWhittaker will guide you through the essential process of applying for a trade name.
- Professional Negligence & Medical Malpractice
We believe it’s only right to hold professionals to the highest legal standards. At ParrisWhittaker we will vigorously pursue your claim against negligent professionals of all kinds.
- Maritime & Shipping Law
At ParrisWhittaker, we move with lightning speed to arrest vessels or resolve vessel arrests. We leverage our deep relationships with the local port authorities on your behalf. ParrisWhittaker offers a comprehensive array of maritime law services.
Mr. Arthur K. Parris
Advertising, Aerospace Law, Agency and Distributorship, Asset Protection, Aviation Accidents
Ms. Kenra Parris-Whittaker
Accident, Administrative Law, Admiralty and Maritime, Alternative Dispute Resolution, Animal Bites
Mr. Jacy A. Whittaker
Accident, Admiralty and Maritime, Adoption, Advertising, Agency and Distributorship
- Bahamas Bar Association
- British Virgin Islands (
- Freeport Law Society
- Grand Bahama Chamber of Commerce
More Information on Parris Whittaker, Attorney at LawReal Estate & Commercial Property Transactions
Litigation (Civil, Commercial & Trust)
E-Business & E-Commerce
Conveyances & Mortgages
Intellectual Property, Trademarks & Trade Names
Family & Matrimonial Law
Corporate Services, Incorporation & Restructuring
Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law News and Publications
Articles Published by Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Limitation and exclusion clauses in commercial contracts regularly lead to disputes between the parties. Any guidance from the court on how these are to be interpreted is always welcome by commercial lawyers, who can then better advise their clients.Read Article
How is bribery in the commercial context dealt with by the courts, and how is it relevant to businesses in The Bahamas? Prosecutors are taking a much stricter stance with individuals and organisations convicted of bribery offences since the UK’s major bribery legislation came into force.Read Article
Commercial contracts can be broken by either party in certain circumstances, but when can a party justify termination by a new reason given later - after the termination has taken place?Read Article
How do the courts handle insurance claims where a vessel’s owner has failed to properly disclose the value of the vessel?Read Article
How do benefits arising from actions to mitigate loss affect the calculation of damages for repudiation of a time charter? At top Bahamas law firm ParrisWhittaker our expert shipping lawyers have many years of experience with advising shipping and maritime clients on all aspects of claims for damages, including issues that might affect the calculation of the sum owed.Read Article
What is the correct approach to calculating damages where a breach of contract claim is accompanied by a claim for negligence?Read Article
The sale of company shares where an agreement in relation to those shares had been forgotten, was found to be valid in an important ruling in the UK’s Court of Appeal.Read Article
Businesses with commercial contracts imposing pre-determined financial or other penalties in the event of a breach may find they are unenforceable, following landmark rulings in two similar cases.Read Article
Does an imbalance of bargaining power between two commercial parties effect the potential enforceability of the contract? Yes, the Court of Appeal in the UK has said, with major implications for commercial organisations in The Bahamas.Read Article
Indemnity clauses are commonly incorporated in commercial contracts, and the courts’ approach in interpreting them provides useful clarity for businesses and lawyers. The commercial lawyers at top Bahamas law firm ParrisWhittaker are highly experienced in advising business organisations on commercial contract issues including how terms are to be interpreted.Read Article
The duty of good faith in commercial contracts is limited and must accord with business common sense, the courts have ruled.Read Article
If you are involved in the shipping industry, you will be only too aware of how quickly challenging and difficult legal problems can arise at sea. When you need to make an insurance claim, the complexities of maritime law can present real barriers to getting the swift resolution you need.Read Article
A recent ruling in the UK’s High Court highlights the importance of arbitration clauses and agreements in commercial disputes, and clarifies when they take precedence.Read Article
No term would be implied into a contract, requiring a bank to use reasonable care to obtain the best price it could when asserting its right of forced sale of a limited partnership, the UK’s High Court has said.Read Article
A recent ruling in the UK Supreme Court has helped to shed light on the complex issue of accessory liability and the principle of ‘common design’. The case of Sea Shepherd UK v Fish & Fish Limited 2015 UKSC began in 2010, when a fish farm operator was transporting live Bluefin tuna.Read Article
Claims under a contractual warranty must fully comply with procedures set out in commercial contracts – including where a limitation period is imposed on warranty claims. The UK courts have recently upheld restrictions on warranty claims relatively strictly against purchasers. In a recent case, the purchasers under a commercial contract were time barred from making a claim when a dispute arose.Read Article
In the complex and fast-paced world of the maritime and shipping industry, serious issues can arise regarding the terms of a charter – including non-payment of fees. If you are experiencing difficulties with delayed payments, whether as a vessel owner or a chartering party, you need swift, expert legal advice.Read Article
The Supreme Court in the UK has recently considered a case which demonstrates the complexities that can arise from the interpretation of a contract. The judges examined the extent to which parties have the contractual power to form an opinion, and affirmed the need for decisions by contractual fact-finders to be reasonable.Read Article
The UK courts have ruled in an important case involving adjudication agreements, affirming the commercial reality that clear drafting of contract documentation is critical.Read Article
When will the parties to commercial contracts be legally required to act honestly and with integrity? A recent ruling of the UK’s High Court makes clear when the obligation to act honestly and with integrity will be implied into a commercial contract. The court was required to consider in what circumstances a requirement to act honestly and with integrity would become an implied term of a commercial contract and, furthermore, what behavior would trigger a breach of that obligation.Read Article
Correct execution of commercial contracts is an important step to ensure the terms of the contracts are legally binding on the parties. How will the courts decide whether or not a contract is binding where there is a dispute over how the contract terms have been accepted - other than with a signature in the contract itself? A recent ruling of the High Court in the UK provides useful guidance to commercial lawyers and their clients on the signing of legal documents.Read Article
If you are involved in the maritime and shipping industry, you will be only too familiar with the wealth of legislation and regulation with which you are obliged to comply. When it comes to business at sea and in port, it is essential to ensure that you are fully compliant in order to protect you, your employees, your clients and your business.Read Article
Parties to commercial contracts owe various contractual duties to each other according to the terms of the contract. But what is the duty of care of a professional consultant to others, for instance, to warn of potential construction problems where there is a risk to others or property?Read Article
A recent High Court judgment in the UK highlights the difficulties that can arise when unexpected problems strike. In the case of MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company1, the courts looked at the implications of a party who, when faced with potential repudiation, chose instead to affirm a contract and claim demurrage charges.Read Article
A recent contract dispute demonstrates the need to secure expert shipping law advice as soon as possible, particularly if the contract in question contained a jurisdiction clause, which can affect both the outcome of the case and any damages awarded.Read Article
When will the courts disallow the use of documents that have been fraudulently or mistakenly obtained? A recent case in the UK has given useful guidance on when ‘privileged’ documents could be used in the course of litigation.Read Article
What is the extent of a valuer’s duty of care to an investor? The UK courts have considered this issue, which is of particular importance to the property and financial sectors, surveyors, and other experts.Read Article
The High Court in the UK recently considered whether a company should pay damages for copyright infringement and/or breach of contract where software was used without consent.Read Article
Drawing up effective contracts is an essential part of carrying out a thriving and successful shipping business. But even with the best intentions and the most rigorously drawn up agreements, contentious issues may arise.Read Article
A cautionary tale from the UK courts has emerged concerning fraudulent misrepresentations made to the purchasers during a property sale – leading to a substantial damages award.Read Article
A salutary lesson has emerged from the English Commercial Court - that contractual parties involved in a dispute must discuss the issues before arbitration.Read Article
Parties to commercial leases should appreciated and understand the extent of their rights and responsibilities to commercial landlords, to minimize the risk of disputes.Read Article
If you are involved in the maritime and shipping industry, you will be only too aware of how swiftly you can sail into legal hot water.Read Article
Companies must take great care that senior company personnel avoid undertaking acts that mean they could be treated as directors for the purposes of the law. This may result in adverse implications for both the company and the individual concerned. The expert company lawyers at Bahamas firm ParrisWhittaker are highly experienced in providing full service legal advice to companies including in relation to directors and their duties and liabilities.Read Article
Is it ever acceptable to be dishonest in the course of a shipping insurance claim?Read Article
Businesses should be aware of the risks of informal communications such as emails and conversations whilst negotiating commercial agreements.Read Article
A new Code of Practice aims to increase safety and security in the working environment in dock and on board ship – and helps shipping, cargo and haulage companies understand their liabilities and responsibilities when it comes to packing and transporting cargo.Read Article
A vessel was hijacked in the Gulf of Aden by Somali pirates. Unfortunately for cargo owners and insurers, the High Court in the UK has ruled that additional classes of expense - including wages paid to crew, and bunkers consumed during the period of the hijack - could be recovered by ship owners from cargo interests.Read Article
In what circumstances can a party to a commercial contract challenge an expert’s report? The UK’s Court of Appeal has handed down an important ruling in a case in which it examined the relevant principles that apply when a party challenges an expert’s report(1).Read Article
If a party to a commercial contract is in breach of its obligations, the court may order specific performance – but not necessarily. In a recent case(1), the UK’s Technology and Construction Court (TCC) considered the circumstances in which the court will order specific performance of a contractual obligation.Read Article
How will the courts interpret shipping insurance clauses, particularly typhoon and storm warranties?Read Article
Commercial disputes increasingly involve copyright and patent issues, reflecting the high value attached to the intellectual property of a business.Read Article
It’s common for parties to commercial contracts to seek to vary the contract terms. However, the application of liquidated damages clauses can pose a problem in the event of future disputes. The commercial litigation lawyers at Bahamas firm ParrisWhittaker are experienced in advising clients on their contractual terms and responsibilities, and the implications of potential disputes.Read Article
Mediation can often be the best avenue through which to resolve commercial disputes.Read Article
The practical effect of indemnity provisions in commercial contracts is dependent upon the detail in their drafting, an important ruling has confirmed.Read Article
Joint ventures take many different forms but few have such an unusual background as a recent dispute involving what started as a simple agreement.Read Article
Construction cases often result in particularly valuable lessons for lawyers and commercial organisations alike who are involved in construction and property – particularly where work commences before the contract is finalised.Read Article
When does a limitation begin to run? Limitation periods (also known as ‘prescriptive’ periods) are an important element in litigation. A claim will be out of time if it is not made within the limitation period and the claimant will not be able to take legal action (subject to strict exceptions).Read Article
The world of the maritime and shipping industry is fast-paced and exciting. The Bahamas is a world leader, boasting one of the world’s largest container ports and with a growing number of high-value vessels from jurisdictions all over the world sailing under the Bahamas flag.Read Article
Are you becoming elderly or suffering a serious illness; or are your mental faculties failing? Do you need to appoint someone to deal with your affairs on your behalf?Read Article
A ship’s officers and crew are critical to the safe and smooth running of maritime vessels – whether they are used for business or pleasure. However, when things go wrong on a vessel the consequences are potentially disastrous.Read Article
Steady advances in information technology raise myriad legal issues, some of which have yet to be tested in the courts. Such is the pace of technological innovation. And the vast majority of businesses (and many individuals) have their own web presence - a common feature of which is written content, used to reach out to both existing and potential clients and other interested parties.Read Article
It’s only around 30 years since the first ship was registered in The Bahamas. But today, the Register of the Bahamas Maritime Authority (BMA) is one of the world's largest with more than 1500 vessels registered here since the Merchant Shipping Act was passed in 1976.Read Article
Do you suspect a defendant or potential defendant in your legal claim is hiding critical information that could be valuable evidence in support of your claim? The experienced commercial litigation lawyers at Parris Whittaker are experienced in successfully applying for court orders such as Anton Piller orders on behalf of its clients to ensure such evidence is identified and obtained.Read Article
The courts and legislative bodies are increasingly erring on the side of the consumer on issues relating to consumer protection. The message is that misleading or unscrupulous practices by businesses that take advantage of consumers will not be tolerated.Read Article
Offshore companies enjoy many benefits, in particular exemption from tax, anonymity and a high level of privacy. And yet they are able to operate on a global scale and trade internationally. It’s not surprising, then, that many organizations are choosing to incorporate their companies offshore.Read Article
Company directors enjoy protection from personal liability in relation to the company’s debts. However, they are required to perform their duties as directors according to the law and relevant regulations, and failure to comply can result in serious consequences.Read Article
Ship registration is relatively new business here in The Bahamas and since the 1976 Merchant Shipping Act was passed, more than 1500 vessels have been registered here including Maersk Line, Exxon International Holland-America Cruises.Read Article
Is your business trading in the most cost effective way and is your legal status adequately protected? Choosing the best legal ‘vehicle’ through which to operate your business is perhaps the most important decision you can make as a business owner – particularly with the advice of an expert companies lawyer.Read Article
Have You Lost a Loved One After a Fatal Accident in an Industrial Accident or Traffic Collision - Bahamas
The media often covers the tragic death of someone at an industrial workplace, in a traffic collision or at sea. In June this year, a US cruise passenger drowned in the Bahamas during a cruise visit whilst snorkeling; and a Carnival passenger was killed last year on a jet ski rented in Nassau.Read Article
Discrimination in the work place is often a high profile and issue, whether relating to sex, race, religion, disability or age. And it’s the issue of age and the potential for discrimination and unfairness in relation to redundancy and retirement that has recently attracted judicial attention. Whether you are an employee or an employer - if you have concerns relating to age discrimination in the workplace, contact our experience employment lawyers at Parris Whittaker for prompt advice.Read Article
Do you suspect there a risk your debtor will disperse his assets to frustrate a future judgment in your favour and prevent settling his debt? If the answer is ‘Yes’, you need urgent legal advice so that an application for a temporary injunction freezing those assets (a Mareva injunction) can be made to the court. The experienced commercial litigation lawyers at Parris Whittaker are experienced in successfully applying for Mareva Injunctions on behalf of our clients.Read Article
Shipping claims frequently require immediate, aggressive action. If you need urgent legal advice in relation to arrest of a vessel or exercising a maritime lien, our experienced maritime lawyers will take prompt action against the opposing party on your behalf. We have a wealth of expertise gained from years of experience acting for clients in The Bahamas - a major international transshipment center.Read Article
A defamatory comment can destroy both a person’s character and professional reputation. But a ruined reputation can be salvaged with expert legal advice. Online defamation is a clearly damaging and untrue statement that is published online. The twenty first century internet has vastly multiplied the avenues through which comments are published and spread.Read Article
Are you defending a legal action, or do you anticipate court proceedings may be commenced against you in the near future? If so, you may be justifiably concerned that should you succeed in defending the claim you won’t get your costs back from the other party. The expert dispute resolution lawyers at Parris Whittaker can take prompt action on your behalf to protect your financial interests by obtaining an order for security for costs.Read Article
The law has had to adapt and change to meet the needs and demands of businesses and consumers as modern technology has advance. And it will keep on changing as technology continues to develop. If you are considering setting up in business with a measure of reliance on the internet and associated technologies, you will need expert advice from lawyers experienced in e-business law.Read Article
None of us can avoid life’s eventual certainty of death, but you can avoid substantial problems arising on death by making a Will. One of the most important things you can do for your loved ones in relation to your assets is to make a Will - and to ensure your Will is properly drawn up. You will, of course, want to ensure your money and assets pass to your chosen beneficiaries; and you will need to adequately provide for your loved ones such as your spouse and children on your death.Read Article
Cruise accidents have hit the headlines a number of times in recent months. When the Costa Concordia ran aground near a Tuscan island in January, 32 people died, some were injured and two are still missing. In the same month, the MSC Poesia ran aground in shallow waters two miles off Grand Bahama. No one was reportedly injured but some suffered shock from the crashRead Article