Bus Accident Law
Other modes of transportation that fall under the category of common carrier include school buses, taxis, trains, light-rail, trolleys, cable cars, tour boats, cruise ships, ferries, airplanes, airport shuttles, and, in some states, limousines.
Common carriers have a legal responsibility to show a higher duty of care since they offer their services to the public for a fee. While non-commercial drivers must operate under reasonable care, a common carrier must use the highest degree of care and vigilance for the safety of its passengers, and the public. Failure to adhere to that higher duty of care can be considered negligence. Therefore, if you are a bus passenger and injured as the result of an accident, special rules apply.
If a bus accident is due to the negligence of the carrier; such as speeding, fatigue, maintenance failures, tire failures, or inadequate bus driver training; the carrier is liable for damages under personal injury or wrongful death tort law. When minor children, ill or disabled persons are injured as passengers on a bus, special rules may apply as well.
It is important to note that because many common carriers are governmental agencies, usually very specific and limited time frames apply for filing a claim for these types of cases. This time period is called a statute of limitations. In addition, with governmental entities, there may also be special notices that must be filed within a certain time period before filing a legal claim. Therefore, it is advisable if you or a family member has been injured due to a bus accident, that you consult with an attorney experienced in common carrier law.
To consult Transportation laws and regulations in your State visit our Department of Transportation by State page. Visit Us at Google+ Copyright HG.org
Bus Accident Law – US
- Bus Driver Qualifications
State and Federal governments establish bus driver qualifications and standards, which include a commercial driver’s license (CDL) with the proper endorsements. Many employers provide several weeks of training and help new employees obtain their CDL. Other employers prefer those with truck or other driving experience.
- Bus Uniform Standards and Enhanced Safety Act of 2011
Bus Uniform Standards and Enhanced Safety Act of 2011 or the BUSES Act of 2009 - Directs the Secretary of Transportation to issue regulations to require: (1) monitoring of the safety performance of motorcoach service providers and other commercial motor carriers of passengers; and (2) progressive interventions to correct unsafe practices, and if they are not corrected, an enforcement action. Authorizes the Secretary to organize special enforcement strike forces to target commercial motor vehicle operators when appropriate.
- Commercial Driver's License Program (CDL/CDLIS)
It is widely recognized that driving certain commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) requires special skills and knowledge. Prior to implementation of the Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Program, in a number of States and the District of Columbia, any person licensed to drive an automobile could also legally drive a tractor-trailer or a bus. Even in many of the states that did have a classified licensing system, a person was not skills tested in a representative vehicle. As a result, many drivers were operating motor vehicles that they may not have been qualified to drive. In addition, many drivers were able to obtain driver's licenses from more than one State and hide or spread convictions among several driving records and continue to drive.
- Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is focused on reducing crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses.
- Heavy Trucks, Buses, and Engines
This page presents general information about heavy-duty highway engines, such as those used in trucks and buses, and their emissions. There is also information regarding EPA's diesel programs, regulations, and retrofit/rebuild programs.
- Motor Vehicle Compliance and Safety (MCCS)
Commercial motor vehicle (CMV) means any self-propelled or towed motor vehicle used on a highway in interstate commerce to transport passengers or property when the vehicle— (1) Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating, or gross vehicle weight or gross combination weight, of 4,536 kg (10,001 pounds) or more, whichever is greater; or (2) Is designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers (including the driver) for compensation; or (3) Is designed or used to transport more than 15 passengers, including the driver, and is not used to transport passengers for compensation; or (4) Is used in transporting material found by the Secretary of Transportation to be hazardous under 49 U.S.C. 5103 and transported in a quantity requiring placarding under regulations prescribed by the Secretary under 49 CFR, subtitle B, chapter I, subchapter C
- School Bus Stop Laws - AAA
School bus laws by state.
- Title 49 of the United States Code Motor Vehicle Safety
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has a legislative mandate under Title 49 of the United States Code, Chapter 301, Motor Vehicle Safety, to issue Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) and Regulations to which manufacturers of motor vehicle and equipment items must conform and certify compliance. FMVSS 209 was the first standard to become effective on March 1, 1967. A number of FMVSS became effective for vehicles manufactured on and after January 1, 1968. Subsequently, other FMVSS have been issued. New standards and amendments to existing standards are published in the Federal Register.
- Title 92: Transportation, Section 456.40
Traffic Safety (except hazardous materials) Part 456 Non-scheduled Bus Inspections
Bus Accident Law - Europe
- Concessionary Bus Travel Act 2007 - United Kingdom
The Concessionary Bus Travel Act provides that everyone aged 60 and over in England, and disabled people in England, will get free off peak travel on all local buses anywhere in England from April 2008. The existing statutory entitlement allows these groups to travel for free, but only on buses within their local authority area.
- Driver Vehicle and Operator Policy Branch - United Kingdom
The Department's Driver Vehicle and Operator Policy Branch deals with bus and coach issues through new policy and legislation monitoring and development. These pages are designed to give bus and coach operators and drivers, manufacturers, representative bodies, those involved at industry level and the travelling public useful information on the policies that are being developed and introduced by the Department.
- International Carriage by Coach and Bus - EU
The coach and bus transport sector needs to guarantee efficient, high-quality services: greater passenger comfort, right to information on fares, contractual terms, handling of complaints, mechanisms for resolving disputes, vehicles better adapted to the needs of persons with reduced mobility, etc. In terms of road safety, the fact is that Community legislation, together with technological advances, has resulted in ever safer vehicles. This trend is vital for transport by coach and bus.
- Lorry and Bus Legislation - United Kingdom
This site is designed to be a ‘first point of call’ for all government processes and information for commercial transport businesses in the United Kingdom.
Bus Accident Law - International
- Motor Carriers - Canada
Transport Canada's Motor Carrier Division is primarily responsible for facilitating the reduction of fatalities, injuries and crashes involving large commercial trucks and buses in Canada. The Motor Carrier Division works closely with the provinces, territories and industry on rules and regulations governing the safe operation of commercial vehicles, drivers and operators.
- Passenger Transport Act 1990 No 39 - Australia
All the provisions displayed in this version of the legislation have commenced.
- Review of Bus Safety Issues - Canada
School bus passenger protection.
Organizations Related to Bus Accidents
- American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
AASHTO is a nonprofit, nonpartisan association representing highway and transportation departments in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. It represents all five transportation modes: air, highways, public transportation, rail, and water. Its primary goal is to foster the development, operation, and maintenance of an integrated national transportation system.
- Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR)
The Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR), established in 1988, has become recognized nationally and serves as an important resource for policymakers, transportation professionals, the education system, and the public. With emphasis on developing innovative, implementable solutions to transportation problems, CUTR provides high quality, objective transportation expertise in the form of technical support, policy analysis, and research support that translates directly into benefits for its project sponsors.
- Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA)
CVSA is an international not-for-profit organization comprised of local, state, provincial, territorial and federal motor carrier safety officials and industry representatives from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Our mission is to promote commercial motor vehicle safety and security by providing leadership to enforcement, industry and policy makers. CVSA member jurisdictions are represented by various Departments of Transportation, Public Utility and Service Commissions, State Police, Highway Patrols and Ministries of Transport. In addition, CVSA has several hundred associate members who are committed to helping the Alliance achieve its goals; uniformity, compatibility and reciprocity of commercial vehicle inspections, and enforcement activities throughout North America by individuals dedicated to highway safety and security.
- Motor Carrier Research at TRB
The mission of the Transportation Research Board is to provide leadership in transportation innovation and progress through research and information exchange, conducted within a setting that is objective, interdisciplinary, and multimodal. This page highlights recently released TRB reports, meeting announcements, requests for proposals, and other announcements related to motor carriers. In addition, it includes links to selected motor carrier research-related activities taking place at the federal and state levels, and within the academic and international transportation communities. Finally, this page also highlights and provides links to TRB programs and activities, which are the source of most of TRB’s motor carrier-related research products.
- Multi-State Technical Assistance Program (MTAP)
MTAP is a network of states which provides a forum for state level public transportation issues. MTAP provides the mechanism for its members to collectively pursue projects which provide wider benefits to each of them individually as well as to their federal and local counterparts. This collaboration has resulted in the development of standardized financial management guidelines, the MTAP Fax Alert network, a tool which provides immediate information and assistance from MTAP members to any problems or obstacles another member may be facing, and cooperatively sponsored training and conferences.
- National Committee on Uniform Traffic Laws and Ordinances
The National Committee on Uniform Traffic Laws and Ordinances is a private, non-profit membership organization dedicated to providing uniformity of traffic laws and regulations through the timely dissemination of information and model legislation on traffic safety issues.
- School Bus and Transit Workers United
Around the country, school bus workers are joining together and working to make real improvements in our jobs and our lives. We are standing up for good jobs and safe, reliable school bus services in our communities. We are making sure we have a voice at work, we are bargaining as equals with our employers, and we are working to ensure that we are all treated fairly and with respect. School Bus Workers United & Drive Up Standards is being conducted by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters.
Publications Related to Bus Accidents
- Future Truck and Bus Safety Research Opportunities
The TRB Publications Index contains over 41,000 papers, articles, and reports published by the Transportation Research Board, Highway Research Board, Strategic Highway Research Program, or the Marine Board from 1923 to date.
- Transit Bus Safety Resource Guide
The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT), in collaboration with members from the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials’ (AASHTO) Multi-State Technical Assistance Program (MTAP), is working with the Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR) to promote a bus transit safety management practices guide and model program to aid states and transit systems in the development of a system safety program and related implementing procedures.
Articles on HG.org Related to Bus Accidents
- Leaving the Scene of an Accident in FloridaLeaving the scene of an accident is against the law in Florida. To help illustrate the relevant laws, check out the following hypothetical examples:
- Liability in Bus CollisionsA freeway accident on March 27th, 2013 involving an SUV and a bus injured 11 people. Only minor injuries were reported from the crash, which occurred at about 7:30 a.m. Reports indicate that a municipal bus and an SUV collided on an on ramp in Riverside, CA - further details as to the cause of the crash remain unknown. The bus was carrying a total of 29 passengers.
- Accidents Involving School BusesA recent school bus accident in San Bernardino seems to back statistics that most school bus crashes are head-on collisions. Elderly couple driving a Jeep struck the bus after running a red light. Fortunately, no kids were on the bus. Unfortunately, the bus driver and the elderly couple in the Jeep were hurt.
- Chapter 93A Claims in MassachusettsFor Massachusetts car accident lawyers, Massachusetts’ Consumer Protection Act, M.G.L. c. 93A, is a powerful legal tool that allows the Attorney General and consumers to take action against unfair or deceptive conduct in the marketplace.
- Tire Age and SafetyMost tire manufacturers suggest replacing your tires within 6 years after the tire was made. Studies show tire age causes of many tire failures, occurring more prominently in warmer climates.
- Most Motorists Worried about Erratic Motorists on RoadsA recent study by the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers found that the number one concern for most American drivers is the presence of erratic or careless drivers.
- An Alarming Look Back At Fatal New York Traffic Accidents In 2012As 2012 draws to a close, it’s natural to wonder what 2013 will bring to New York City traffic safety.
- Drinking on the Move in Wentzville: Thoughts on Open Containers in VehiclesMissouri's pro-alcohol reputation, supported by a strong alcohol industry lobby, continues to grow based on a recent decision by the Board of Alderman in Wentzville, Missouri. Despite efforts to tighten DUI/DWI laws, Missouri municipalities are having a tough time finding support.
- Few Traffic Accidents are Investigated in New York CityNew York Police Department seldom investigates motor vehicle accidents. The New York City Police Department has become the object of criticism for its failure to investigate traffic accidents. Injured victims are unlikely to obtain answers from law enforcement, whether the accident involved motor vehicles, pedestrians or bicycles. The state of New York recently reported that city police investigated just 2 percent of all nonfatal traffic accidents.
- Feds Launch Large Scale Testing of V-2-V Accident Prevention TechnologiesThe Department of Transportation has announced plans to start testings vehicle to vehicle and vehicle to infrastructure technologies in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The vehicle to vehicle technology will be tested in hopes that the cars internal computers will communicate with each other to reduce risks of accidents and traffic.
- All Motor Vehicles Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Motor Vehicles Law including: auto dealer fraud, automobile accidents, automotive, bus accidents, lemon law, motor vehicle accidents, motorcycle accident, railroad accidents, rollover accident, traffic violations, trucking accident.