Legal Aspect of Recruitment and Hiring




Recruiting is a necessary party of any company's expansion efforts. But, there are a number of legal considerations in the recruiting process. Job postings, interview questions, checking references, and making hiring decisions / job offers all need to be done in a manner that decreases risk to the business. In fact, it is possible to ask unlawful or even discriminatory questions without realizing it. For example, employers are forbidden from discriminating on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, marital or family status, physical or mental disability, gender, age, and possibly sexual orientation. The resources below will help guide you in the recruiting process and help you to avoid liability in the hiring process.


Recruiting and Hiring

  • Employer's Internet Recruiting Guide

    Kansas Department of Labor Guide for Recruiting over the Internet. Includes the following topics: Introduction; Benefits of Internet Recruiting; How to Search on the Internetl Where to Search; Register at KansasJobLink; The Employer Home Page; Creating a Job Order; Inactive Jobs Search; Careers; Other Information; Automatic E-mail Matches; How to Write an Internet Job Description; Marketing Your Job; Internet Recruitment Web Sites; and Advantages of E-recruitment.

  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

    The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person's race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information. The EEOC has the authority to investigate charges of discrimination against employers who are covered by the law.

  • National Association for Law Placement (NALP)

    NALP, the association for Legal Career Professionals, is a non-profit educational association established in 1971 to meet the needs of all participants in the legal employment process (career planning, recruitment and hiring, and professional development of law students and lawyers) for information, coordination and standards.

  • National Labor Relations Board

    The National Labor Relations Board is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1935 to administer the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), the primary law governing relations between unions and employers in the private sector. The NLRB has two primary functions: to prevent and remedy unfair labor practices, whether committed by labor organizations or employers; and to establish whether or not certain groups of employees desire labor organization representation for collective-bargaining purposes, and if so, which union.

  • Top 4 Strategic Interview Styles

    There are four key interview styles that can be leveraged to obtain valid answers and insights about potential job candidates. This article describes the four styles.

  • United States Department of Labor

    The Department of Labor, the federal agency within the US Government responsible for enforcing labor laws. Federal statistics and data, laws and regulations, relevant links and a library for accessing current information.

  • Workforce Management - Recruiting and Staffing

    Find the information you need. Search through product and service listings, download informative white papers and best practices and watch vendor webinars.

Job Interviews

  • How To Win a Job Interview in a Competetive Market

    Article about making it past the screening process receiving job interview offers.

  • Illegal Job Interview Questions

    The key to understanding unlawful inquiries is to ask only questions that will provide information about the person’s ability to do the job, with or without a reasonable accommodation. Also note that inquiries which are unlawful to ask a candidate directly may not be asked as part of a pre-offer reference check.

  • Job Interview Techniques

    The job interview is the most important aspect to overcome when looking for work. The objective of the interview is to separate yourself from the competition. It is aimed at highlighting, skills, personality, personal strengths and interests in the job.

  • Job Interview Tips and Techniques

    Tips and techniques for job interviews, sample interview questions and answers, and sample interviews letters and templates.

  • Nine Questions you can NEVER ask in a Job Interview

    The range of anti-discrimination and industrial laws that operate in an employment situation are often just as applicable to the job interview process. Sometimes employers let their guard down and ask questions that could imply that their decision to employ or not to employ someone has been influenced by considerations that constitute unlawful discrimination. Here are nine inappropriate questions and why you should avoid them.

  • Organising a Job Interview

    Article about job interviews and disclosure of one's disability: Should Disclosure Occur? Why Applicants May Choose To Disclose Why Applicants May Choose NOT To Disclose What To Disclose To Whom Should Applicants Disclose The Purpose Of Disclosing Applicants: Rights And Responsibilities When Organising A Job Interview Employers: Role And Responsibilities When An Applicant Discloses Their Disability When Organising A Job Interview

Background Checks for Employees

  • Conducting Employee Background Checks: Navigating Current Rules

    Article about using background checks in the hiring process.

  • Employment Background Checks - A Jobseeker's Guide

    This guide explains the why and how of background checks. It also tells you what can be covered in a background report, your rights under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, and what you can do to prepare.

  • Employment Background Screening

    Universal Background Screening is a leading provider of comprehensive employment background checks including county, state and federal criminal record checks, verifications of past employment, education, professional licenses and certification, searches of government and industry-specific sanction lists, and much more.

  • Employment Drug Testing

    Universal Background Screening offers a variety of workplace drug testing services for pre-employment and ongoing testing purposes.

  • FBI Criminal History Checks for Employment and Licensing

    The FBI’s authority to conduct a criminal history record check for non-criminal justice purposes is based upon Public Law (Pub. L.) 92-544. Pursuant to that law, the FBI is empowered to exchange criminal history record information with officials of state and local governments for employment, licensing, which includes volunteers, and other similar non-criminal justice purposes, if authorized by a state statute which has been approved by the Attorney General of the United States.

  • FBI Identification Record Request / Criminal Background Check

    An FBI Identification Record—often referred to as a criminal history record or a “rap sheet”—is a listing of certain information taken from fingerprint submissions retained by the FBI in connection with arrests and, in some instances, federal employment, naturalization, or military service. The process of responding to an Identification Record request is generally known as a criminal background check.

Articles on HG.org Related to Employment

  • Trucking Industry More Dangerous than Others
    It is hardly surprising that an office worker is less likely to be injured on the job than a police officer. Statistics from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) and Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) show, however, that when it comes to the most dangerous jobs of all – those that present a very real, very tangible risk of death – truck drivers are among those who are most at-risk.
  • What Is New about California’s Fair Pay Act?
    The new law took effect January 1, 2016 and affects any employer with offices in the State of California. Generally speaking, the California Fair Pay Act makes an employer more accountable for equal pay for employees of differing gender who are performing essentially the same work, regardless of location, title or job description.
  • Independent Contractor or Employee – A Question for San Diego Employers
    A recent Supreme Court decision has changed the way the IRS and California tax agencies and the Division of Labor Standards, or Labor Commissioner view the classification of independent contractors. California believes miisclassification of employees as independent contractors has cost California more than $7 billion in payroll tax revenue.
  • California Wage Statement Requirements
    The California Labor Code and the Orders promulgated by the Industrial Wage Commission impose various wage and hour requirements on employers for the benefit of their employees. As pointed out by our employment law attorneys, below, employers are well-advised to follow legal requirements in order to avoid potentially devastating penalties which may be assessed against them.
  • Lawsuit Reveals Code Words Employers Used to Weed Out Older Job Applicants
    Court decision may open floodgates for more age discrimination cases.
  • Alarming Trend: More Workers Than Ever Claiming Unfair Pay Practices
    Statistics shows that wage and hour lawsuits have risen by 30% since 2011.
  • The Defense Base Act: A Brief History and Explanation of the Administration of Benefits
    The Defense Base Act is a federal workers' compensation program, which provides medical and wage-replacement benefits to military contractors injured while working on a wide variety of U.S. defense projects worldwide.
  • Ouch! University to Shell Out $1M to Settle Sex Discrimination Lawsuit
    Lawsuit alleged pattern of shortchanging employees of women’s athletics program.
  • Does Workers’ Compensation Pay for a Remote Employee’s Injury
    With the advance in technology, many individuals are able to work for employers completely or partially on a remote basis. They can often stay just as engaged in the workplace with phones, computers and other technological aids. This working relationship complicates questions of liability, such as determining whether workers’ compensation will pay for the injuries sustained by an employee.
  • The Zone of Special Danger Doctrine and the Defense Base Act
    The Zone of Special Danger Doctrine has been the subject of numerous lawsuits under the Longshore & Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, and the Defense Base Act. What is it? How have the courts applied it to claims? Where did it originate?

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