Legal Aspect of Recruitment and Hiring




Recruiting is a necessary party of any company's expansion efforts. But, there are a number of legal considerations in the recruiting process. Job postings, interview questions, checking references, and making hiring decisions / job offers all need to be done in a manner that decreases risk to the business. In fact, it is possible to ask unlawful or even discriminatory questions without realizing it. For example, employers are forbidden from discriminating on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, marital or family status, physical or mental disability, gender, age, and possibly sexual orientation. The resources below will help guide you in the recruiting process and help you to avoid liability in the hiring process.


Recruiting and Hiring

  • Employer's Internet Recruiting Guide

    Kansas Department of Labor Guide for Recruiting over the Internet. Includes the following topics: Introduction; Benefits of Internet Recruiting; How to Search on the Internetl Where to Search; Register at KansasJobLink; The Employer Home Page; Creating a Job Order; Inactive Jobs Search; Careers; Other Information; Automatic E-mail Matches; How to Write an Internet Job Description; Marketing Your Job; Internet Recruitment Web Sites; and Advantages of E-recruitment.

  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

    The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person's race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information. The EEOC has the authority to investigate charges of discrimination against employers who are covered by the law.

  • National Association for Law Placement (NALP)

    NALP, the association for Legal Career Professionals, is a non-profit educational association established in 1971 to meet the needs of all participants in the legal employment process (career planning, recruitment and hiring, and professional development of law students and lawyers) for information, coordination and standards.

  • National Labor Relations Board

    The National Labor Relations Board is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1935 to administer the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), the primary law governing relations between unions and employers in the private sector. The NLRB has two primary functions: to prevent and remedy unfair labor practices, whether committed by labor organizations or employers; and to establish whether or not certain groups of employees desire labor organization representation for collective-bargaining purposes, and if so, which union.

  • Top 4 Strategic Interview Styles

    There are four key interview styles that can be leveraged to obtain valid answers and insights about potential job candidates. This article describes the four styles.

  • United States Department of Labor

    The Department of Labor, the federal agency within the US Government responsible for enforcing labor laws. Federal statistics and data, laws and regulations, relevant links and a library for accessing current information.

  • Workforce Management - Recruiting and Staffing

    Find the information you need. Search through product and service listings, download informative white papers and best practices and watch vendor webinars.

Job Interviews

  • How To Win a Job Interview in a Competetive Market

    Article about making it past the screening process receiving job interview offers.

  • Illegal Job Interview Questions

    The key to understanding unlawful inquiries is to ask only questions that will provide information about the person’s ability to do the job, with or without a reasonable accommodation. Also note that inquiries which are unlawful to ask a candidate directly may not be asked as part of a pre-offer reference check.

  • Job Interview Techniques

    The job interview is the most important aspect to overcome when looking for work. The objective of the interview is to separate yourself from the competition. It is aimed at highlighting, skills, personality, personal strengths and interests in the job.

  • Job Interview Tips and Techniques

    Tips and techniques for job interviews, sample interview questions and answers, and sample interviews letters and templates.

  • Nine Questions you can NEVER ask in a Job Interview

    The range of anti-discrimination and industrial laws that operate in an employment situation are often just as applicable to the job interview process. Sometimes employers let their guard down and ask questions that could imply that their decision to employ or not to employ someone has been influenced by considerations that constitute unlawful discrimination. Here are nine inappropriate questions and why you should avoid them.

  • Organising a Job Interview

    Article about job interviews and disclosure of one's disability: Should Disclosure Occur? Why Applicants May Choose To Disclose Why Applicants May Choose NOT To Disclose What To Disclose To Whom Should Applicants Disclose The Purpose Of Disclosing Applicants: Rights And Responsibilities When Organising A Job Interview Employers: Role And Responsibilities When An Applicant Discloses Their Disability When Organising A Job Interview

Background Checks for Employees

  • Conducting Employee Background Checks: Navigating Current Rules

    Article about using background checks in the hiring process.

  • Employment Background Checks - A Jobseeker's Guide

    This guide explains the why and how of background checks. It also tells you what can be covered in a background report, your rights under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, and what you can do to prepare.

  • Employment Background Screening

    Universal Background Screening is a leading provider of comprehensive employment background checks including county, state and federal criminal record checks, verifications of past employment, education, professional licenses and certification, searches of government and industry-specific sanction lists, and much more.

  • Employment Drug Testing

    Universal Background Screening offers a variety of workplace drug testing services for pre-employment and ongoing testing purposes.

  • FBI Criminal History Checks for Employment and Licensing

    The FBI’s authority to conduct a criminal history record check for non-criminal justice purposes is based upon Public Law (Pub. L.) 92-544. Pursuant to that law, the FBI is empowered to exchange criminal history record information with officials of state and local governments for employment, licensing, which includes volunteers, and other similar non-criminal justice purposes, if authorized by a state statute which has been approved by the Attorney General of the United States.

  • FBI Identification Record Request / Criminal Background Check

    An FBI Identification Record—often referred to as a criminal history record or a “rap sheet”—is a listing of certain information taken from fingerprint submissions retained by the FBI in connection with arrests and, in some instances, federal employment, naturalization, or military service. The process of responding to an Identification Record request is generally known as a criminal background check.

Articles on HG.org Related to Employment

  • Pregnant Worker Had to Get Boss’s Approval to Use Restroom
    Employee awarded $550K for pregnancy discrimination.
  • Gag Rules Are Against the Law— Know Your Rights!
    What are gag rules? Is there one on the books in your workplace? A lot of bosses put these kinds of rules in place without knowing that anything is wrong. But actually, preventing employees from discussing wages and working conditions with one another is against the law.
  • Restrictive Covenants
    A restrictive covenant is a contractual agreement between an employer and employee that can significantly limit the employee’s future earning potential. The terms and conditions of a restrictive covenant are binding and can impact where an employee can work, limit who they can work for, and prohibit them from contacting former clients or coworkers once they terminate their employment.
  • Workers’ Compensation for Toxic Exposure
    If you have been exposed to harmful toxic chemicals, you could be eligible to receive benefits through Workers’ Compensation. The benefits do not depend on whether the injury or disease was caused in a one-time exposure that was significant, or if injury occurred as a result of long-term exposure, which is most often referred to as an occupational disease.
  • South Jersey Pregnancy Discrimination Lawyers
    Despite all of the progress America has made in the past 50 years with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Equal Pay Act of 1963, sexual harassment and the glass ceiling still pose a threat to females in the workplace. Many women return to work after maternity leave to find their compensation altered or their position changed.
  • EEOC Shows Harassment Still an Issue
    In today’s day and age, it is easy to assume that many of the hot button issues of days past have come and gone. The same jokes used in Hollywood films years ago are no longer regarded as funny, and each day women have more career and educational opportunities.
  • Is Congress Ready to Revise the Stark Law?
    It seems that most physicians do not have a favorable opinion of the physician self-referral provisions, known as the Stark Law. The Stark law is actually three separate provisions that govern self–referral for Medicare and Medicaid patients.
  • EEOC LGBT Cases in the News
    Currently, Title VII prohibits employers from discriminating against employees on the basis of sex, but does not explicitly cover sexual orientation or transgender status. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has taken a continuously expansive view of Title VII, aggressively enforcing violations of all types of sex discrimination.
  • Company Shortchanges Workers Out of Overtime to the Tune of $1.8 Million
    Working more than 40 hours per week without extra compensation is part of the deal if you’re an exempt employee. But what if you suspect that you’ve been misclassified? Then, having to work additional hours can really sting.
  • Was it Horseplay or Sexual Harassment? Worker Claims Male-on-Male Antics Created Hostile Work Environment
    Supervisors participated in inappropriate behavior Joking on the job can certainly be a morale booster … but if it goes too far, serious problems can arise.



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