What is Collaborative Law?
Collaborative law refers to a new method of solving legal disputes that avoids traditional court proceedings. Rather than filing a lawsuit, each side voluntarily agrees to a series of sit-down negotiations between the parties, their attorneys, and any number of experts and therapists trained in the subject matter of the dispute. These meetings allow the parties to openly exchange information and discuss the matter with an understanding that nothing communicated will later be used against them in court. The collaborative law process is founded on good faith. By taking a cooperative approach, rather than an adversarial one, parties can resolve difficult issues that would otherwise lead to expensive and time-consuming litigation.
People tend to use collaborative law to settle highly emotional cases such as business partnership dissolutions, wrongful discharge claims, and family law cases. It is not surprising, then, to learn that the vast majority of collaborative law cases deal with divorce. Divorce litigants tend to ignore the practical ramifications of using the legal system to fight about relatively minor issues. These cases can spiral out of control, with the potential for each side to spend far more money on legal fees than either stands to gain, even in the unlikely event of a complete victory. Considering that the care and wellbeing of young children may be at stake as well, using collaborative law to handle a divorce proves to be the right choice for many couples.
Reasons to Avoid Traditional Litigation
Litigation is well suited for those who are “looking for a fight,” and who do not mind spending a lot of money to battle the other party in court. It is also appropriate in cases where compromise is not desirable, such as cases brought by victims of domestic violence against their abusers. However, for many individuals, the negative aspects of litigation outweigh any potential benefit. Litigation is expensive. Due to backlogged court dockets, it is a slow process as well. Private, sensitive, or embarrassing information can be made public, either in open court, or in court filings. Moreover, litigation makes it difficult for parties to maintain a cordial relationship once the case ends. This is a particularly important concern for divorcing spouses who will share custody of their children in the future.
Collaborative Law Benefits
In contrast to traditional litigation, collaborative law is not necessarily quicker and less expensive, but at least the parties directly control how the proceedings unfold. Those who feel the issues are being disposed of without a proper amount of consideration and debate can insist that more time be spent crafting a resolution, or that additional experts or therapists be brought in to provide insight. On the other hand, those who want to expedite the case are free to compromise on contested issues and reduce the time it takes to bring the matter to a close. The parties work through the issues at their own pace, not according to the court’s schedule.
Collaborative law also offers the benefit of confidentiality. The parties are not required to put their allegations into written pleadings, motions, and other court filings that can be viewed by the general public. Another benefit often cited in support of a collaborative approach is the built-in financial incentive for the parties to do what it takes to make the process work. If it fails, and the case must be moved into the court system, then the attorneys for both sides must withdraw. Any consultants hired during the collaborative stage must also resign. When it appears the parties may be at an impasse in their negotiations, this underlying threat of both sides having to hire a new team of professionals is often enough to get the process moving forward once again.
How the Process Works
The first group session in a collaborative law case involves both parties and their attorneys meeting together to review the terms that will govern the process. They may begin with a standard form contract, and modify the agreement prior to signing, in order to address specific concerns, such as the kinds of experts who will be hired, and how costs will be allocated. The group will then meet on a regularly scheduled basis to negotiate solutions to the issues in the case. In a collaborative divorce, these issues might include alimony, property division, child support, visitation, and so forth. Once the parties are in agreement on all of the issues, the attorneys will work together to draft a stipulated court pleading that will officially resolve the case.
Finding a Collaborative Law Attorney
If you are facing potential litigation and you would like to deal with the matter outside of the courthouse, collaborative law may be the answer. These cases are not handled by general practitioners, however. Contact a collaborative law specialist in your area to learn more.
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Articles About Collaborative Law
- What Is an Incorporated Settlement Agreement in Divorce?In divorce orders and separation agreements, there may be terms such as “merged,” “survived” or “incorporated” that individuals without a legal background may not understand. However, these terms have very specific meanings and can have a big impact on the divorce.
- Special Considerations for Gray DivorcesWhen a couple gets divorced later in life, this is dubbed a “gray divorce.” Older individuals often have different issues to deal with during the divorce process than individuals of other age brackets. These special considerations include:
- Basics of Pennsylvania Family Law LitigationWhat does “going to court” mean? That depends on whether you’re referring to the world of prime-time television (L.A. Law for my generation) or the real world of family law litigation. On prime-time television, it means filing an action and a short time later having a full hearing before a judge with everything wrapped up within an hour. The real world is much different.
- How to Modify a Child Custody Agreement in TexasSometimes, a situation may arise that calls for parents to modify a custody agreement. However, making modifications to your child custody agreement is not an easy task. If you are the parent seeking the change, you will have to provide the court with substantial proof to support your request. A child custody order is attested by the court, and therefore, isn't easy to change. In some circumstances, the court will consider a petition to modify the custody order.
- Can I Challenge Final Decision Making Authority?In Georgia, a judge can designate or parents can decide on which parent will have final decision making authority. This authority extends to certain important aspects of the child’s life.
- Where Goes the House in a Divorce?The home that the family lived in during the marriage is often the most valuable asset that a couple owns. Therefore, this asset may receive much attention during the divorce proceedings. What happens to a house after divorce depends on state laws, circumstances involving the house and the parties’ actions.
- How Is Spousal Support Determined?Like many issues involving family law, state law largely dictates spousal support matters. This includes whether or not to award spousal support and in what amount.
- The First Divorce Conversation to HaveThe first and most vital decision that divorcing couples need to make is what process they’re going to use to accomplish their divorce. That’s right - it’s not about who will keep the house, what will happen with the retirement accounts or even how you’re going to share time with your children.
- Basics of Collaborative LawCollaboration means to work together to achieve a common goal. The collaborative process involves the spouses, their attorneys and any other involved professionals engaging in non-confrontational sessions to discuss the issues and goals of the involved individuals. The issues may include divorce, support of a spouse and/or children, how to divide the marital assets, co-parenting plans and anything else that spouses need to decide.
- New Technology, New Definition of “Family” May Change Florida’s Child Custody LawMany Florida families look at the new technologies by which children can be conceived and wonder how best to interpret the meaning of the word “family.”
- All Family Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Family Law including: adoption, alimony, child support and custody, child visitation, collaborative law, divorce, domestic violence, elder law, juvenile crime, juvenile law, juvenile probation, paternity, pre-nuptial agreement, separation.
Collaborative Law - US
- ABA - Collaborative Law Committee
The Collaborative Law Committee explores the use of Collaborative Law in both family and non-family settings and monitors and advises the Section Council about developments in the field - such as the efforts by Uniform Law Commission, formerly the NCCUSL, to draft a Uniform Law, the emerging set of state ethical opinions on CL, and legislation around the country.
- Collaborative Law - Wikipedia
Collaborative Law (also called Collaborative Practice, Collaborative Divorce, and Collaborative Family Law) was originally a family law procedure in which the two parties agreed that they would not go to court, or threaten to do so. This approach to conflict resolution was created in 1990 by a Minnesota family lawyer named Stu Webb, who saw that traditional litigation was not always helpful to parties and their families, and often was damaging.
- The Basics of Collaborative Family Law - A Divorce Paradigm Shift
Collaborative Family Law (CFL) is a revolutionary approach to divorce that has quickly spread throughout the United States and Canada. Often misunderstood and occasionally maligned, it has the potential to dramatically change the field of family law. In Medicine Hat, Canada, it has virtually eliminated family law litigation. CFL is a continuation of the trend to empower participants in the divorce process that began with, and shares many of the principles of, mediation. This article will provide an overview of the basic principles and choreography of CFL.
- Uniform Collaborative Law Act - ADR
Collaborative Law is a voluntary dispute resolution process for parties represented by counsel. Like mediation, Collaborative Law helps parties resolve their dispute themselves rather than having a ruling imposed upon them by a court or arbitrator. A key feature of Collaborative Law is the Collaborative Law Participation Agreement with disqualification provision. If a party seeks judicial intervention, the Agreement requires that counsel for all parties withdraw from further representation in legal proceedings.
Organizations for Collaborative Law
- Global Collaborative Law Council, Inc.
The Global Collaborative Law Council, Inc. (GCLC) was originally established in October 2004, as the Texas Collaborative Law Council, Inc. by attorneys committed to assisting clients in managing conflict and resolving disputes without litigation. In January 2009, the organization expanded to serve attorneys and other professionals worldwide, involved in the practice of civil collaborative law.
- International Academy of Collaborative Professionals
IACP is the International Academy of Collaborative Professionals, an international community of legal, mental health and financial professionals working in concert to create client-centered processes for resolving conflict.
Publications For Collaborative Law
- Collaborative Practice Articles
Mediate.com accepts high quality articles on mediation and dispute resolution. Our primary focus is to educate and encourage the public and other consumer groups to use mediation.