DUI Law - DWI Law - Drunk Driving Law
What is DUI / DWI Law?
Driving Under the Influence (DUI) law, also referred to as Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) law, refers to state statutes and municipal ordinances that make it illegal to operate a motor vehicle after consuming a specified amount of alcohol. These cases are criminal in nature, although they can involve civil penalties, such as a suspension of driving privileges. DUI laws often include prohibitions against driving under the influence of controlled substances as well.
Most states prosecute drunk driving in three ways. First, a conviction can be based on the amount of alcohol in the defendantís blood, as measured immediately following the arrest. The legal limit in all states is currently .08%, with lower limits for commercial drivers and minors. This type of prosecution is called a ďper seĒ DUI. It requires only that the state prove that a blood alcohol content test was administered, and that the result exceeded the legal limit.
The second type of DUI prosecution occurs when the defendantís blood alcohol content is not available, or does not exceed the legal limit. In such cases the state must prove that the driver consumed alcohol to a degree that rendered him or her unsafe behind the wheel. This is a more difficult burden for the state to meet. At trial, the state will try to prove its case using officer testimony, witness statements, field sobriety test results, and audio/video recordings.
A third, less common method of prosecution requires the state to show the defendant was in ďactual physical controlĒ of the vehicle. This can be proven with blood alcohol readings or other evidence, but unlike other prosecutions, the defendant need not have driven. A conviction can result based only on the fact that the defendant exercised control over the vehicle. Usually, this means sitting in the driverís seat with possession of the keys.
In addition to jail time, fines, alcohol classes, and other penalties, those arrested for DUI or DWI also face suspension of their driverís license. In most jurisdictions, a suspension will result either from a conviction, or for failing a blood alcohol test (even if the defendant is acquitted or charges are reduced). The same constitutional protections that exist in criminal court do not apply here, making it especially important to hire an attorney to handle the matter.
Avoiding a Drunk Driving Conviction
Criminal defense attorneys use a number of tactics to defeat DUI or DWI charges. In fact, from the prosecutorís standpoint, the case becomes much more difficult the moment the defendant retains counsel. A motion for ďdiscoveryĒ will be filed immediately, requiring the state to turn over all evidence in its possession. Then, based on the information obtained, the attorney will prepare a defense by systematically poking holes in the stateís case.
To begin with, there may be issues surrounding the traffic stop. It is unconstitutional for an officer to stop a vehicle to investigate for DUI without reasonable suspicion that a crime or traffic violation is taking place. If the officer cannot articulate the reasons for the stop in a way that meets this legal standard, an attorney may be able to suppress all evidence collected as a result of the stop, effectively making the stateís case impossible to prove.
DUI lawyers are also trained to find deviations from protocol made by the arresting officer while conducting the field sobriety tests. These roadside maneuvers were developed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to detect intoxication. They are standardized, meaning they must be administered in precisely the same manner every time. Even slight irregularities by the officer can be used to discredit the prosecutionís case.
Blood alcohol testing is also fertile ground for an attorney to find weak spots in a seemingly solid DUI case against the defendant. Law enforcement can test the alcohol content of a driverís blood several ways, but the most common evidence used in court is the results of a breath test given at the police station. While more reliable than handheld units, these breath testing machines can be inaccurate, especially if improperly operated, maintained, or calibrated.
Driverís accused of DUI or DWI will also find the services of an attorney invaluable when it comes to plea bargaining. Prosecutors know that going up against a talented defense attorney will require significant resources, and they may be willing to offer a lenient sentence to avoid trial. And if a trial is necessary, a DUI lawyer will understand how to persuade the jury that each little problem with the stateís case, considered together, adds up to ďreasonable doubt.Ē
If you have been arrested for DUI, the time to hire an attorney is now. Action must be taken right away to avoid a suspension of your license, and to protect your constitutional rights. Consultations are usually free and without obligation.
Know Your Rights!
- Can I Get Breathalyzed On My Boat?
Most of us are familiar with the concept of driving under the influence (DUI) or driving while impaired (DWI), but how do these translate to boating? Is it illegal to boat while drunk? If one is cited for boating under the influence, will that affect their driving license? Can you be given a breathalyzer on your boat?
- Intoxication Can Be Illegal in Circumstances Other than DUI
We all know the dangers of intoxication or drug use before getting behind the wheel of a car, but when else can intoxication be against the law? It might surprise you to know that there are ways to commit DUI without even being in a car.
- What is the Difference Between DUI and DWI?
Both DUI and DWI have made their way into our common speech, but often we forget exactly what they mean. Moreover, there is often confusion over the distinction between a DUI or a DWI that can be enhanced by the variations between differing jurisdictions.
- What to do if You Get Stopped for a DUI or DWI
This is a step-by-step guide as to what you should do if you get pulled over for a DUI (Driving Under the Influence) or a DWI (Driving While Impaired). This is not a substitute for using common sense and avoiding behavior that might put you in jeopardy of being stopped for a DUI or a DWI.
Articles Related to DUI and DWI Law
- Police Stops that are UnlawfulTo be pulled over by law enforcement agents, there must be reasonable suspicion when a DUI arrest has been issued. When reasonable suspicion is absent and an arrest is made, these charges may be fought in court.
- More DUI DefensesConsequences for DUI convictions, especially subsequent convictions, can be quite serious, resulting in a loss of freedom, hefty fines, loss of driving privileges and social and professional consequences. A DUI defense lawyer can discuss whether any of the following defenses may apply in your case to help you get your charges reduced or even your case dismissed completely.
- Misdemeanor and Aggravated DUI Charges in ArizonaArizona has some of the strictest DUI laws in the nation. There are multiple types of DUI charges that a person may face if he or she is arrested for drinking and driving. For example, important differences exist between misdemeanor DUI and aggravated DUI.
- License Suspended and Acquiring a License from Another StateMany traffic violations may cause the suspension of a driverís license. When multiple crimes have been accumulated, when some violations have not been resolved and other similar situations, the state licensing agency often suspends the personís license as punishment.
- Being Arrested for a Felony Traffic OffenseMost traffic violations are classified as lesser offenses such as a municipal violation. When a driver commits a particularly egregious crime in traffic or on the road, it may be deemed a felony offense.
- Aggravated Vehicular HomicideMany deaths occur on the road or in traffic due to numerous factors. In many instances of death, the fault is due to a driver either through intentional acts, negligence, accidents or similar situations. Some of these accidents result in the death of someone by reckless or dangerous driving. Some crimes are classified as manslaughter, homicide or murder.
- How to Avoid a Traffic StopMany DUI and drug-related arrests start as a simple traffic stop until law enforcement observes signs of impairment or other criminal activity. However, in many cases, such stops could have been avoided and the negative consequences of an arrest or conviction could have been averted.
- How Long Will an Expungement Take in New Jersey?Your criminal record does not have to impact your life forever. Depending on your circumstances, such as the number of years since your conviction, the nature of the offense, and whether you have been convicted of other offenses since, it may be possible for you to have your conviction expunged.
- Criminal Defense StrategiesWhen a person is facing criminal charges, there are high stakes. His or her liberty may be at stake, along with his or her standing in the community and his or her profession. A criminal defense lawyer can evaluate the circumstances involving the case and find critical mistakes that were made by law enforcement to help improve the defendantís chance at a successful defense.
- Prevent Loss of Driving Privileges with the Help of a LawyerMany individuals may find their driverís license revoked, suspended or made useless along with driving privileges removed for various reasons. These results may occur because of the commission of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, hit and run crimes, driving in a reckless manner, driving well over the speed limit or running from an arrest.
- All Criminal Law Articles
DUI Law Handbook
- What to Know about DUI
Whether you are involved in a DUI accident or you are wrongfully suspected of driving under the influence, this handbook helps explain your rights.
State Highway Safety Offices - DUI and DWI
DUI and DWI Law - US
- Alcohol Ignition Interlocks
Of the 1.4 million impaired driving arrests each year, one third involve repeat offenders.
- Alcohol Policy Information System (APIS)
Alcohol-related policies in the United States at both State and Federal levels
- Alcohol Problems and Solutions - Driving While Intoxicated (DWI/DUI) Law and Policy
Public and educational policies and legislation designed to prevent alcohol abuse are evaluated here on the basis of scientific research evidence.
- Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Limits
- Dangers of Drinking and Driving
When putting those keys in the ignition and driving away after drinking you are not only putting your life at risk but you are risking the lives of all those you come across while driving.
- DUI / DWI Laws
- DWI / DUI Penalties
Minimum penalties for repeat offenders.
- Field Sobriety Testing
The Standardized Field Sobriety Test (SFST)
- Impaired Driving
NHTSA works to discourage impaired driving
- Legal Drinking Ages around the World
The legal drinking age for different countries varies dramatically, from zero to 21, as seen in the following table.
- National College for DUI Defense (NCDD)
Non-profit corporation dedicated to the improvement of the criminal defense bar, and to the dissemination of information to the public about DUI Defense Law.
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) - Impaired Driving
- Sentencing Guidelines for DWI Offenders
- Sobriety Checkpoints
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
SAMHSA, an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services.