Human Resources Law



Human Resources (HR) Law is related to Labor and Employment law and encompasses the various laws and regulations specific to HR professionals. It deals with the issues that HR professionals must contend with in the majority of their work functions, predominantly in overseeing and managing duties related to hiring, firing, employee benefits, wages, paychecks, and overtime. It may also pertain to workplace safety, privacy; and preventing discrimination and harassment. 

Local, state, and federal employment laws all play a role in human resources, and HR professionals must be familiar with a wide array of different statutory and regulatory authorities in order to effectively and lawfully deal with company personnel. Common matters of concern to HR managers include employee handbooks/manuals, establishing policies and procedures, affirmative action programs and policies, government contract and wage laws, human resources compliance audits, non-competition and confidentiality agreements, plant closing laws, substance abuse and drug testing laws, and unemployment compensation. 

For more information about HR Law, please review the materials below. Additionally, should you require legal assistance with your HR questions, you may find an attorney in your area by referring to the Law Firms page of our website

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Human Resources Law - US

  • ABA - Section of Labor and Employment Law

    The Section of Labor and Employment Law is your link to information that matters to you. Our 22,000+ members represent all perspectives of labor and employment law: employer, union, employee, public, and neutral. All are committed to a balanced discussion of employment issues in the United States and abroad.

  • Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

    The Fair Labor Standards Act is a federal statute of the United States. It applies to employees engaged in interstate commerce or employed by an enterprise engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce, unless the employer can claim an exemption from coverage. The FLSA established a national minimum wage, guaranteed 'time-and-a-half' for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors in "oppressive child labor," a term that is defined in the statute

  • Human Resources - Definition

    Human resources is a term used to describe the individuals who comprise the workforce of an organization, although it is also applied in labor economics to, for example, business sectors or even whole nations. Human resources is also the name of the function within an organization charged with the overall responsibility for implementing strategies and policies relating to the management of individuals (i.e. the human resources). This function title is often abbreviated to the initials 'HR'.

  • Labor Management Relations Act

    The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) is sometimes called the Wagner Act, after its principal sponsor, Senator Robert Wagner of New York. The NLRA was amended in 1947 by the Taft-Hartley Act. The NLRA as amended is known as the Labor Management Relations Act (LMRA). In the United States Code, the Act begins at 29 U.S.C. §141.

  • United States Department of Labor

    Our Mission: To foster, promote, and develop the welfare of the wage earners, job seekers, and retirees of the United States; improve working conditions; advance opportunities for profitable employment; and assure work-related benefits and rights.

Organizations Related to Human Resources Law

  • EEO Compliance and Operations Divisions (EEOCO)

    The goal of the EEO Compliance and Operations Division (EEOCO) is to ensure every HHS employee/applicant for employment has equal access to EEO services, timely resolution of their complaint and equitable remedy. EEOCO consists of two components: 1) EEO Compliance Team and 2) EEO Operations Team.

  • HHS - Office of Human Resources (OHR)

    The Office of Human Resources (OHR) provides leadership to the development and assessment of the Department's human resources program and policies. In coordination with the Operating Divisions (OPDIVs), OHR designs human resource programs that support and enhance the HHS mission. It provides technical assistance to the OPDIVs in building the capacity to evaluate the effectiveness of their human resource programs and policies.

  • HR Policy Association

    HR Policy Association is the lead public policy organization of chief human resource officers from large employers. The Association consists of over 300 of the largest corporations doing business in the United States and globally. These major employers are represented in the organization by their most senior human resource executive. Collectively, their companies employ more than 18 million employees worldwide and have a combined market capitalization of more than $7.5 trillion. These senior corporate officers participate in the Association because of their passionate interest in the direction of human resource policy.

  • Industrial Workers of the World

    Workers and their employers do not have the same interests. Workers want shorter hours, higher pay, and better benefits. The easiest way to stand up for each other in our workplaces and communities and the easiest way to improve our working conditions is to join a union.

  • Institute for Research on Labor and Employment

    The Institute for Research on Labor and Employment (formerly the Institute of Industrial Relations) has fully renovated its Library. The new Library Commons mirrors the “homey” feel of IRLE's historic landmark building, while advancing a new array of digital and traditional library services.

  • National Human Resources Association (NHRA)

    Established in 1951, the National Human Resources Association (NHRA) is focused on advancing the development and leadership of human resource professionals. Through professional programs and services offered across the country, we strive to support human resource professionals throughout their career life cycle - from intern to executive - as Human Resources leads the way for change in today's businesses

  • Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM)

    The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) is the world’s largest association devoted to human resource management. Representing more than 250,000 members in over 140 countries, the Society serves the needs of HR professionals and advances the interests of the HR profession. Founded in 1948, SHRM has more than 575 affiliated chapters within the United States and subsidiary offices in China and India.

Publications Related to Human Resources Law

  • Human Resource Management Guide (HRM)

    Managing people, human capital and culture - Human Resource Management (HRM) is critical for business success. HRM Guide publishes articles and news releases about HR surveys, employment law, human resource research, HR books and careers that bridge the gap between theory and practice.

  • Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Managers and Specialists

    Every organization wants to attract, motivate, and retain the most qualified employees and match them to jobs for which they are best suited. Human resources, training, and labor relations managers and specialists provide this connection. In the past, these workers performed the administrative function of an organization, such as handling employee benefits questions or recruiting, interviewing, and hiring new staff in accordance with policies established by top management. Today's human resources workers manage these tasks, but, increasingly, they consult with top executives regarding strategic planning. They have moved from behind-the-scenes staff work to leading the company in suggesting and changing policies.

Articles on HG.org Related to Human Resources Law

  • Workers' Rights While on Maternity Leave
    Before a worker becomes pregnant, they should take the time to learn about their rights regarding maternity leave and the use of company-provided health benefits for pregnancy and childbirth-related medical needs.
  • New York State Issues Paid Family Leave Regulations Broadly Construing Circumstances Qualifying for Leave
    In 2016, New York State enacted a bill, N.Y. State Senate Bill No. 3004-A, N.Y. State Assembly Bill No. A. 3870A (the “paid family leave law”).
  • Legal Risks of Recruiting Employees from Social Media
    Social media websites and other areas have been a major boon to businesses in finding assistance with all manner of materials, resources and employment opportunities. However, there could be legal risks that complicate these matters such as when the right contract has not been drafted the individual could leak vital data.
  • New York City Curtails Retail Businesses' and Fast Food Chains' Discretion in Scheduling Workers' Shifts
    New laws in New York City substantially limit retail employers' and fast food establishments' discretion in scheduling work shifts for their employees.
  • Are My Business’s Employees Exempt from the Minimum Wage in New York?
    The New York State Minimum Wage Act, N.Y. Labor Law § 650 et seq., requires that employees in New York be paid at least the New York minimum wage — presently $9.70 per hour to $11.00 per hour, depending on the county and the size of the employer — for all hours worked.
  • 3 HR Areas an Attorney Strengthens in Business
    There is no doubt that the current state of politics is affecting the mood of the entire country. Many social justice and human rights issues are front and center, on the minds of many. What this means for business is having solid policies and protocols in human resources (HR) planning.
  • NYC Mayor Signs New Law Barring Employers from Asking Job Applicants about Salary History
    The new law’s rationale is that, on average, women are paid less than men for the same work, and that relying on salary histories in determining compensation perpetuates this gender wage gap. That is, the new law’s stated purpose is to reduce the likelihood that women will be prejudiced by their salaries at previous jobs, and to help break the cycle of gender pay inequity.
  • Performing Employee Background Checks
    Conducting employee background checks helps you to make better hiring decisions, and uncover issues that might interfere with an applicant's ability to do the job they are being considered for. At the same time, your business could be exposed to potential liability unless you follow the applicable federal and state laws, and stay up to date about certain types of information that may be off-limits.
  • Intern or Employee? Should Your Organization Be Paying Your Interns?
    An internship can be unpaid when the vocational and educational benefits received by the intern outweigh the benefits received by the employer for the intern’s work.
  • Family Emergencies In Your Business: How FMLA Affects You
    If you've just started a new business, there's a chance you've heard of FMLA and wonder how it affects your business. This important legal matter is something that you must fully understand, as it can impact you in many different ways.
  • All Employment Law Articles

    Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Employment and Labor including: discrimination, employee benefits, employees rights, ERISA, human resources law, labor relations, outsourcing, sexual harassment, whistleblower, workers compensation and wrongful termination.




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