United States Government - Independent Agencies

Independent Agencies of the Unites States government are tasked with administering the law as regarding specific areas such as the environment, social security, and veteran affairs. These Agencies are expert in the area they manage and are generally headed by a Board or Commission, while a few, such as the EPA, are headed by a single Administrator.

Subject to Congressional oversight, Independent Agencies fall within the Executive Branch of government but operate more autonomously than Federal Agencies headed by Cabinet members such as the Department of State which must report directly to the President.


U.S. Government - Independent Agencies

  • Central Intelligence Agency

    The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an independent US Government agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior US policymakers.

  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission

    The CFTC assures the economic utility of the futures markets by encouraging their competitiveness and efficiency, protecting market participants against fraud, manipulation, and abusive trading practices, and by ensuring the financial integrity of the clearing process.

  • Consumer Product Safety Commission

    The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission is charged with protecting the public from unreasonable risks of serious injury or death from thousands of types of consumer products under the agency's jurisdiction.

  • Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

    The Board's mandate under the atomic Energy act is to provide safety oversight of the nuclear weapons complex operated by the Department of Energy (DOE).

  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

    EPA leads the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts. The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect human health and the environment

  • Export-Import Bank of the United States

    The Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank) is the official export credit agency of the United States. Ex-Im Bank's mission is to assist in financing the export of U.S. goods and services to international markets.

  • Federal Communications Commission

    The FCC is charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable.

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was created to maintain stability and public confidence in the nation's financial system by insuring deposits; •examining and supervising financial institutions for safety and soundness and consumer protection; and managing receiverships.

  • Federal Election Commission

    The Federal Election Commission (FEC) mission is to administer and enforce the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA)

  • Federal Emergency Management Agency

    FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

  • Federal Reserve Board

    The Federal Reserve System is the central bank of the United States. The FDA is conducting the nation's monetary policy by influencing the monetary and credit conditions in the economy in pursuit of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates; Ssupervising and regulating banking institutions to ensure the safety and soundness of the nation's banking and financial system and to protect the credit rights of consumers; Maintaining the stability of the financial system and containing systemic risk that may arise in financial markets; Providing financial services to depository institutions, the U.S. government, and foreign official institutions

  • Federal Trade Commission

    The FTC is a federal agency with both consumer protection and competition jurisdiction in broad sectors of the economy

  • General Services Administration

    The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) leverages the buying power of the federal government to acquire best value for taxpayers and our federal customers.

  • Institute of Museum Services

    The Institute's mission is to create strong libraries and museums that connect people to information and ideas. The Institute works at the national level and in coordination with state and local organizations to sustain heritage, culture, and knowledge; enhance learning and innovation; and support professional development

  • Merit Systems Protection Board

    The Merit Systems Protection Board is an independent, quasi-judicial agency in the Executive branch that serves as the guardian of Federal merit systems.

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

    NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research.

  • National Archives and Records Administration

    The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the nation's record keeper. Of all documents and materials created in the course of business conducted by the United States Federal government, only 1%-3% are so important for legal or historical reasons that they are kept by NARA forever

  • National Credit Union Administration (NCUA)

    NCUA administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF). Backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government, the NCUSIF insures the member accounts in all federal credit unions and the substantial majority of state-chartered credit unions.

  • National Endowment for the Arts

    The National Endowment for the Arts is a public agency dedicated to supporting excellence in the arts, both new and established; bringing the arts to all Americans; and providing leadership in arts education.

  • National Science Foundation (NSF)

    The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense

  • National Security Agency (NSA)

    The NSA/CSS core missions are to protect U.S. national security systems and to produce foreign signals intelligence information.

  • National Technology Transfer Center

    The National Technology Transfer Center mission is to link U.S. industry with federal labs and universities that have the technologies, facilities, and researchers that industry needs to maximize product development opportunities.

  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) was created as an independent agency to enable the nation to safely use radioactive materials for beneficial civilian purposes

  • Office of the Special Counsel (OSC)

    OSC’s primary mission is to safeguard the merit system by protecting federal employees and applicants from prohibited personnel practices, especially reprisal for whistleblowing.

  • Peace Corps

    The Peace Corps' mission has three simple goals: Helping the people of interested countries in meeting their need for trained men and women; Helping promote a better understanding of Americans on the part of the peoples served; Helping promote a better understanding of other peoples on the part of Americans.

  • Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation

    The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) protects the retirement incomes of nearly 44 million American workers in more than 29,000 private-sector defined benefit pension plans.

  • Railroad Retirement Board
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

    The mission of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is to protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation.

  • Selective Service System

    The mission of the Selective Service System is to provide manpower to the armed forces in an emergency; and to run an Alternative Service Program for men classified as conscientious objectors during a draft.

  • Small Business Administration (SBA)

    The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) mission is to aid, counsel, assist and protect the interests of small business concerns, to preserve free competitive enterprise and to maintain and strengthen the overall economy of our nation.

  • Smithsonian Institute

    The Smithsonian Institution was founded for the "increase and diffusion" of knowledge

  • Social Security Administration

    Deliver Social Security services that meet the changing needs of the public.

  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

    USAID mission is to support long-term and equitable economic growth and advances U.S. foreign policy objectives by supporting: economic growth, agriculture and trade; global health; and, democracy, conflict prevention and humanitarian assistance.

  • United States Postal Service



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