Banking and Finance Law Articles

Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide
discussing legal aspects related to Banking and Finance.




Parameters to Request the Granting of a Concession in a Maritime Zone

  March 26, 2015     By ERP Lawyers & Associates
If a private person or a legal corporation wants to purchase a property at the beaches of Costa Rica, whether it is to build a house, hotel, resort or business, first it should be informed about the requirements to obtain a concession in the maritime zone. To have a concession means that the person doesn’t acquire the property, but obtains a permit for using it, that allows the exploitation and enjoyment of the land, according to the parameters established by the local regulatory plan.

Proposed Price Changes for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices in National and Foreign Currency in the Ukraine

  March 26, 2015     By Legal Alliance
On March 13, 2015 on the web-site of the Ministry of Healthcare of Ukraine the draft of the Regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine was published, which is consider to change the Regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On reference pricing for medicinal products and medical devices procured by the state and local budgets”, dated 02.07.2014 N 240, in the aspect of the declaring currency of wholesale and selling price (hereafter as the Draft of Regulation).

Wage Garnishment Laws

  March 23, 2015     By HG.org
If a creditor knows that a debtor is working, one effective method for the creditor to collect on this debt is to have the debtor’s wages garnished. However, there are several laws that apply that can affect the garnishment process.

Malta - Streamlining its PIF and AIF Regimes

  March 23, 2015     By CSB Advocates
On the 10th of March 2015 the Malta Financial Services Authority ("MFSA") published a consultation paper on the regulatory approach applicable to collective investment schemes licenced as professional investor funds (“PIFs”) and alternative investment funds (“AIFs”) in terms of the Investment Services Act.

International Payment Systems to Transfer Processing Inside Russia

  March 20, 2015     By Capital Legal Services, L.L.C.
Transactions inside Russia with the use of international payment cards will be processed within the Russian National System of Payment Cards (NSPC)

Natural Monopolies Regulation in Kazakhstan

  March 18, 2015     By Grata Law Firm
Importance of so-called natural monopolies in Kazakhstan can be seen in the fact that some of Kazakhstan's largest and most powerful corporate empires, are officially subject to natural monopoly regulation.

Ratification to the Treaty Relating to Grand Inga Hydroelectric Project in the Congo

  March 16, 2015     By Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associates
In accordance with articles 213 paragraph 1 and 214 paragraph 1 of the Constitution of February 18, 2006 as amended to date, the President of the Democratic Republic of Congo ("DRC”) promulgated on the 21st November 2014 the Law No. 14/026 authorizing the ratification by the DRC of the Treaty relating to the Grand Inga hydroelectric project between the Republic of South Africa ("RSA") and itself.

USA: Business Structures Available for Foreign Investors

  March 16, 2015     By Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associates
The choice for the appropriate legal structure to transact business in the United States (“U.S.”) depends on a combination of factors relevant to a specific activity or sector, as well as on the needs and goals of the investor.

Florida Parents Seeking Divorce May Find Mediation Helps Them Find Common Ground

  March 16, 2015     By Daniel M. Copeland, Attorney at Law, P.A.
Florida parents who can navigate their way through the process of divorce in as friendly a manner as possible can demonstrate to their children that people with major differences can put their feelings aside and negotiate a settlement that benefits both parties.

The Role of the Execution Judge before and after Issuance of the Execution Law in Saudi Arabia

  March 10, 2015     By Hazim AL-Madani Law Firm
Before, the execution was performed by the King or his representative according to Article (50) of the Main Laws for the issued rule in 1412H, and the stipulations of the 2nd paragraph of the 7th Article of the Regions Law issued in 1412H, and this stipulates that the Prince of each region is to be responsible for execution of the judiciary rules in its final status, and now we conclude that the administrative ruler was the one to execute such judicial rules.

5 Common Debt Buyer Lawsuit Defenses

  March 6, 2015     By Florin Legal, P.A.
In addition to each of the defenses available in an original creditor lawsuit, debt buyer lawsuit defenses include standing, limited admissibility of documents, conditions precedent, and additional damages under the FDCPA.

What to Expect at a Florida Small Claims Pretrial

  February 25, 2015     By Florin Legal, P.A.
Service of a Small Claims Lawsuit is often a consumers first interaction with the civil court. Here is a quick explanation of what to expect at a Florida Small Claims Pretrial.

5 Common Defenses to a Credit Card Lawsuit

  February 25, 2015     By Florin Legal, P.A.
Five Common Defenses to a Credit Card Lawsuit include reviewing consent orders, inconsistencies, contract amendments, counterclaims, and payment plans.

Lawsuits Filed By Providers and Investors Over Life Settlement Investments

  February 20, 2015     By Heygood Orr & Pearson
Life settlement providers, brokers, and investors have filed lawsuits regarding these life insurance investments. For more information about filing a life settlement investment lawsuit, contact the lawyers at Heygood, Orr & Pearson by calling toll-free at 1-877-446-9001.

New Proposals for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy from the American Business Institute

  February 20, 2015     By The Law Offices of Robert S. Lewis, P.C.
This year, Chapter 11 bankruptcy is getting an overhaul. These changes are designed to make filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy easier for businesses.

The Legal Truth of E-contracts in Egypt

  February 16, 2015     By Youssry Saleh Law Firm
No doubt that the technological evolution and its wide range usage in various fields became a part of our daily lives, accompanied by this evolution,it’s usage between people in civil and commercial transactions grew significantly.,

Buying Property by Expatriates in Abu Dhabi

  February 16, 2015     By Motei & Associates, Attorneys at Law
The basics of buying freehold property in Abu Dhabi are the same as anywhere else in the United Arab Emirates. However, unlike Dubai, Abu Dhabi does not till date have specific laws/regulations regulating sale and purchase of real estate by foreigners (i.e. off plan sale, real estate brokers and agents, escrow accounts, jointly owned property (Strata Law), etc). Such being the case one needs to be even more careful and exercise greater due diligence while purchasing property in Abu Dhabi.

Bank of China – Is This the Start of Cooling Off for EB-5 Investment from China?

  February 3, 2015     By Mona Shah & Associates
China’s state television accused Bank of China, one of the biggest state-owned commercial banks in China of violating the currency exchange rules and involves in shadow banking and money laundering on a large scale. This news is rather alarming to the EB-5 community as China provides more than 85% of the EB-5 investment.

Turkey’s Civil Offset/Industrial Participation Enthusiasm

  February 3, 2015     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Most probably many people would not know more about where offset/industrial participation discussions were moving toward before the article titled “The defence industry: Guns and Sugar” was published on The Economist’s on 25 May 2013.

Legal Services to Payment Service Providers in Europe

  January 30, 2015     By Giambrone
Prior to Directive 2007/64/EC of The European Parliament and of the Council of 13 November 2007, the framework of the payment services markets of the Member States was fragmented into 27 national legal systems.

CIMA Added Cyprus in the List of Countries Implementing Equivalent Legislation on Money Laundering

  January 29, 2015     By Soteris Flourentzos & Associates LLC
As of 21 November 2014, Cyprus is included in the Third Schedule of the “Guidance Notes on the Prevention and Detection of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing in the Cayman Islands”, which lists the Countries and Territories which are considered by the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority implementing equivalent legislation on the prevention of money laundering as the Cayman Islands

New Corporate Governance Law in Spain

  January 26, 2015     By Abad & Asociados Abogados Y Economistas, S.R.L.
On December 4th the Official Gazette published Law 1/2014 amending the Capital Companies Act to implement corporate governance modifications. This reform is based on the Report of the Committee of Experts submitted to the Council of Ministers on the 23rd of May 2014.

A Question of Substance - Malta's Financial Services Sector Stability

  January 21, 2015     By CSB Advocates
Malta continues to receive glowing reviews internationally as a stable financial services centre of repute within the European Union.

Independent Bank Guarantee in Italy

  January 19, 2015     By Princivalle Apruzzi Danielli - Studio Legale
Business clients dealing with international trade frequently asked us whether an independent bank guarantee issued under the URDG 758 (the ICC Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees 2010) is valid, binding and enforceable under the Italian law or not and, if not, whether and how it can be amended in order to ensure it is valid, binding and enforceable as an independent bank guarantee under the Italian law.

Spain's 3rd of December 31/2014 Bill has Reformed Capital Companies Law

  January 19, 2015     By Abad & Asociados Abogados Y Economistas, S.R.L.
This reform is of crucial importance since it makes numerous amendments to the listed company’s regime.

Turkey: Mergers and Acquisitions Deals in 2014, Expectations for 2015

  January 18, 2015     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Turkey, as an emerging market, has its ups and downs to invest from time to time. These times depend on several different factors, but tracing them has crucial importance for investors. Focusing into Mergers & Acquisitions deals can be inspiring when taking decisions for investments.

Thai Civil and Commercial Code: Corporate Directors’ Standard of Care

  January 16, 2015     By Siam Legal International
A director of a limited company in Thailand must be liable to the shareholders and the company itself when he or she conducts the business of the company.

Procedures of Land Acquisition in the Framework of Investment – Land Acquisition Deriving in Indonesia

  January 12, 2015     By Leks&Co
Land Acquisition in the framework of investment is particularly regulated by Decree of State Minister for Agrarian Affairs/ Head of the National Land Agency Number 21 of 1994 on Procedures of Land Acquisition for Company in the Framework of Investment (“Kepmenag No.21/1994”).

What Is a Digital Private Investigator?

  January 11, 2015     By HG.org
While many private investigators complete work in the field by conducting surveillance on a subject and photographing them in certain acts, digital private investigators focus more on gathering digital evidence. This information may be used in family law cases, employment disputes, personal injury cases or myriad other cases.

Inherited IRAs and Creditor Protection

  January 6, 2015     By Robison, Curphey & O'Connell, LLC
Your IRA is protected from creditors if you have to file bankruptcy, but what happens to that IRA if you die and leave it to a child? Many assumed that the inherited IRA retained that creditor protection in a child’s bankruptcy. The United States Supreme Court ruled otherwise in Clark v. Rameker, 134 S. Ct. 2242 (2014).

Who Bears Risk of Non-Payment Between General and Sub-Contractor in Ohio?

  January 5, 2015     By Robison, Curphey & O'Connell, LLC
A recent decision by the Supreme Court of Ohio highlights the importance of having clear terms in contracts between general contractors and subcontractors, especially in regard to payment provisions.

It's OK, I've Got it in Writing - Michigan's Uncertain Treatment of Dual Source Supply Contracts

  January 5, 2015     By Robison, Curphey & O'Connell, LLC
Parties to a contract usually feel a sense of security knowing that their agreement is embodied in a written, properly executed document containing all of the agreed upon terms. However, if such an agreement is a “dual source” supply contract executed under Michigan law, the parties may not be as secure as they believe.

Piercing the Corporate Veil

  January 5, 2015     By Robison, Curphey & O'Connell, LLC
Just how limited is your liability if you own a limited liability company?

Quality in Consulting : How Hard is it in Application

  December 31, 2014     By Youssry Saleh Law Firm
TQM is commonly known for the principles of continuous improvement, awareness of total cost of quality, recognition that everyone holds responsibility for quality, customer orientation/focus, process orientation, commitment of senior management etc. However, quality has been commonly associated with industries where it originated and not with services which are difficult to measure, evaluate and apply a zero-defect concept to.

Alternative Investment Funds in Cyprus

The Alternative Investment Funds Law of 2014 was enacted by the parliament on the 10th of July 2014 and entered into force on the 27th of July 2014.

FATCA: Cayman Islands Investment Entities Should Act Before Upcoming Registration Deadline

  By Loeb Smith
The broad scope of the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (“US FATCA ”) introduced by the United States (“US”) and the implementation of that broad scope of application into Cayman Islands law means that it is very important for Cayman Islands domiciled entities to each undertake an assessment of whether or not it is a Financial Institution under Cayman Islands law for the purposes of US FATCA.

Secure Securitisations in Malta

Securitisation transactions in Malta, that is the raising of capital through the transfer of assets and risk from the transferee (“Originator”) to special purpose vehicles (“SPVs”) and converting the same into financial instruments issued by the latter, are regulated by the Securitisation Act (Chapter 484 of the Laws of Malta) (“Act”).

European Securities and Markets Authority Issues Consultation Paper on Asset Segregation

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has recently published a consultation paper on the asset segregation requirements under the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (AIFMD).

The Most Awaited Third Pillar Pension Scheme

In light of the launch of a regulatory structure for private pensions forwarded by the MFSA the Minister for Finance Prof. Edward Scicluna recently launched the Third Pillar pension scheme, also referred to as the Personal Retirement Scheme which is accompanied by another scheme called the Individual Savings Account.

Malta - A Jurisdiction for Private Equity Funds

The MFSA is currently amending its legislative and regulatory framework in order to make Malta an efficient jurisdiction for structuring private equity funds.

Collateral Assignments in Respect of Credit Agreements: Belt or Suspender for Foreign Companies in Turkey?

Turkey has been one of the fastest growing economies during the course of the last decade.

Malta’s Banking Institutions Considered Sound and Resilient by the European Central Bank

The European Central Bank (ECB) has published the results of the stress-test that it has conducted over the past year in respect of the 130 largest banks in the euro area, considering their financial position as at the 31st December 2013.

Factors Elderly and Senior Investors Should Know

Investment risk factors seniors, elders, and their friends and family should be aware of.

An Overview of FIDIC Rules in Turkey

FIDIC, (Federation Internationale Des Ingenieurs Conseils), International Federation of Consulting Engineers aims to find a resolution in construction sector. There are five different FIDIC contracts in different colors that regulates different and separate obligations and rights.

Financial Fraud Schemes Victimizing Elders and Senior Citizens

There are many fraud schemes used by sellers intent on defrauding seniors and elders of their hard-earned money. Learn what they are to protect yourself.

Malta Applicants for Online Forex Trading - Category 2 / Category 3 Investment Services Licence

The MFSA recently circulated a notice outlining additional criteria with respect to the licensing of entities that would like to offer online forex trading to retail clients in terms of the Investment Services Act, Chapter 370 of the Laws of Malta.

Business Taxes, Payroll Taxes and Trust Fund Recovery Penalty

When the business faces a cash flow problem, many business owners use the payroll taxes collected but not yet turned over to the IRS.

Cyprus Nominee Shareholders - Valid Trusts Arrangements or a Mere Façade?

First to be explored is the legal nature of the so called “nominee shareholder”. Nominee shareholder is a shareholder of a company holding shares nominally only, that is, only in name. In such a way the identity of the ultimate beneficial owner (“UBO”) of the shares is not disclosed.

Collecting from an Out of Business Company or Employer

Collecting on a judgment even in ideal circumstances can often be a time-consuming and complex process, and that presumes the debtor is solvent, and doing business and/or making money. When the judgment enforcement against a debtor who is a company or legal entity, which appears to be (or is) out of business, the process can be considerably more troublesome and taxing.

New Rules Simplify the Filing and Approval of Chinese Outbound Investment Projects

On September 6, 2014, the Ministry of Commerce ("MOFCOM") issued the Outbound Investment Management Rules (the "Rules"), which took effect on October 6, 2014. The Rules have replaced old MOFCOM regulations regarding Chinese outbound investment projects. On April 8 2014, the National Development and Reform Commission ("NDRC") issued a regulation regarding measures for the administrative approval and filing of outbound investment projects (the "Measures").

Corprorate Spin Offs and Carve Out Transactions in Dubai and under UAE Law

All change is not growth, as all movement is not forward (Ellen Glasgow). The term ‘change’ in simplest form means going from one state to a new state. Although the word ‘change’ is broad enough to connote positive as well as negative change, the likelihood of ‘change’ unfolding positive or welcoming outcome cannot always be pre-determined. A well-conceived and planned change could however result in positive if everything related with the plan goes right.

MFSA on the Alternative Investment Fund Managers National Private Placement Regime

The MFSA recently published a set of documents formalising the implementation of the National Private Placement Regime (‘NPPR’) in Malta.

MFSA Thematic Review on Compliance with the Requirements on Governance, Compliance & Risk Management in Malta

The MFSA recently published a circular addressed to the compliance officers of investment services license holders with consolidated feedback from the Securities and Markets Supervision Unit.

Pitfalls in Financing the Renewable Investments in Turkey

In 2012, OECD has reported that economy-wide transformation will require cumulative investment in green infrastructure in the range of USD 36-42 trillion between 2012 and 2030, i.e. approximately USD 2 trillion or 2% of global GDP per year. Today more less is being invested annually. Therefore, a remarkable investment gaps exist that needs to be addressed.

Can the Shares of a Cayman Islands Company be Pledged as Security?

  By Loeb Smith
It is not possible to "pledge" registered shares under Cayman Islands law because title to the shares cannot be transferred by physical delivery. Any grant of security over registered shares that is called a "pledge" will typically be either (i) a legal mortgage or (ii) an equitable mortgage/share charge, depending on its terms. If the security purports to be something else, the chances are that it will be entirely ineffective.

Foreign Investments in the Ukraine

A brief overview about the guarantees that Ukrainian legislation provides for foreign investors and which steps should be done to enjoy them.

Update your Credit Application Procedures Today

The recession has two valuable lessons for credit managers: First, even the best businesses can become significant credit risks, and, second, we have all had more practical experience in extending credit and collecting on past-due receivables. This article focuses on practical tips which credit managers can implement today to reduce the likelihood of nonpayment.

When Limitation Periods for Loss Claims Start

When does a limitation begin to run? Limitation periods (also known as ‘prescriptive’ periods) are an important element in litigation. A claim will be out of time if it is not made within the limitation period and the claimant will not be able to take legal action (subject to strict exceptions).

Offshore Banking in Turkey

The turning point for regulating the market dates back to 2001 for Turkish banking industry after a major banking crisis in Turkey.

The Creditor’s Levy in CA - The Most Basic Judgment Collection Tool

A levy is performed by a “levying officer”-- for a Los Angeles collection attorney, this is either the LA Sheriff, or a private process server working with the sheriff under specific legal levy instructions. A levy is best summarized as the process by which a levying officer goes out, and takes assets of the debtor involuntarily. This happens whether the debtor wants it to happen or not. The assets are either sold at auction or simply collected and paid to the creditor.

A Touchstone in Energy Financing: Reduced Yield and Turkish Insurance Market

The effect of climate change is not only an environmental problem today as it directly relates to the resource based industries. In today’s world, the scientific assessments lead the players of energy to reflect on their project viability. In direct proportion to the growth in financing renewable projects, insurance companies and underwriters are also expected to formulate their risk assessments on resource-oriented allocation models.

New Regulation for the Turkish Banking Industry: Towards a Healthy Synthesis

Turkish banking industry is considered one of the strongest in Europe. The crisis ridden global banking industry had experienced numerous difficulties following the 2008 market collapse, but Turkish banking industry had survived the crisis with relatively insignificant scars.

REITs to Boost Growth and Transparency in Indian Real Estate Sector

Today, the Real Estate Investment Trusts [REITs] are highly successful in more than 20 countries worldwide, including USA, UK, Australia, France, etc. Therefore, SEBI has rightly allowed trading of such REITs in India also, in August 2014, to pave the way for desired growth and transparency in the vast and fast-paced real estate sector of India. Besides bringing in the globally accepted practices, these REITs are expected to infuse a new lease of life and zing in the Indian real estate sector.

20 Early Warning Signs Indicating Changes in Credit Profile

After a vendor extends credit, it is vital that the vendor continually monitor the debtor for changes in its credit profile in order to minimize the vendor's risk of nonpayment. The following list of 20 early warning indicators, will help you see the risk coming before it happens.

How Can Turkish Banking Cope with the Changing Global Banking Dynamics?

The 2008 global economic meltdown had served as an important wake up call for the global banking industry. The complicated web of interrelated financial instruments created by investment banking gurus, accompanied by a lax regulatory regime came to create one of the biggest financial disasters after the Great Depression and itself termed by many as the Great Recession costing millions of people their savings, jobs and houses.

Banking Law: Client Often at a Disadvantage Vis-à-vis Bank – Lawyers Can Help

Banking law is one of the fields of law that almost everyone comes into contact with, yet it features many pitfalls which can be expensive for clients.

Cyprus Holding Companies

Cyprus provides an established, stable and solid legislative framework under which Cyprus companies can be formed for intermediary or ultimate holding purposes within corporate groups, in project finance, cross-border transactions or even investment management contexts.

Cyprus Alternative Investment Funds

In what constitutes a pivotal step in the transformation of Cyprus into one of the primary investment funds jurisdictions, new legislation is in place to regulate the establishment of Alternative Investment Funds. The Alternative Investment Funds Law of 2014 (the Law) provides a much-expected overhaul to Cyprus' investment funds regime, which commenced with the Alternative Investment Fund Managers framework enacted in 2013.

Good News for Cayman Domiciled Private Equity Funds - Introduction of New ELP Law

  By Loeb Smith
The Cayman Islands (“Cayman”) continue to be the leading offshore jurisdiction for the establishment of both hedge funds and private equity funds. Typically, private equity funds are structured in Cayman as exempted limited partnerships (“ELPs”) and the introduction of the Exempted Limited Partnership Law, 2014 (the “New ELP Law”), which came into force on 2nd July 2014, will enhance the attractiveness of Cayman as the leading offshore jurisdiction for private equity funds.

Emoney and Payment Institution License in Cyprus

Cyprus Guidelines on Completing and Submitting Applications for Authorization as an Electronic Money Institution (‘EMI’) and Payment Institution under Directive 2012 [“the EMD”]; the Appointment of Agents & the Establishment of Branches

European Economic Interest Groups in Italy (EEIG)

EEIG in Italy ("Gruppo Europeo di Interesse Economico", GEIE) is an associative organization. GEIE or EEIG can exclusively be used within European area, it encourages cooperation between companies, others economic entities, professionals and physical persons even, and its main requirement is that, at least, partners are coming from two States members of the U.E. This tool can be easily employed in the participation to tenders.

Significant Changes to Several Requirements on Registration of Foreign Invested Enterprises in China

On June 17, 2014, the Ministry of Commerce of China issued a notice regarding the improvement of review & approval and statistical rules of foreign investment in China (the “Notice”) and the Notice shall take effect as of its promulgation date. The Notice revised several important issues regarding the review and approval of registration of foreign-invested enterprises (the “FIE”) in China.

AIFMD News Update: Distinguishing between Open and Closed-Ended Funds

When the AIFMD was adopted, no harmonised definition of “closed-ended” Alternative Investment Funds (“AIFs”) was provided within the Directive’s text.

Strong Regulatory Base of the Turkish Banking Sector Amid Mixed Signals

Mixed signals are recently coming from the Turkish Banking sector. The industry, on the one hand, has recently seen an unprecedented levels of volume which is estimated to be USD$ 855 billion to dwarf the economic might of 22 of the 28 EU member states and on the other hand has been witnessing a reduction in the credit volume that went down to 1.130 trillion Turkish liras as of the July 2014.

Profit Utilization of Limited Liability Company in Indonesia

  By Leks&Co
Profit utilization of limited liability company is regulated under Article 70-73 Law Number 40 of 2007 on Limited Liability Company (“Company Law”).

Georgia Court of Appeals Denies Grading Contractors' Claims

A grading subcontractor was not paid for putting in the roads in a new subdivision; after the construction lender foreclosed upon the project developer, the subcontractor sought payment from the bank. After the trial court awarded the subcontractor its full claim plus attorneys fees, the Georgia Court of Appeals reversed. Some very important lessons for subcontractors and lien claimants are made clear in the ruling.

FATCA - Malta on the Way to Implementing its IGA

Following the signature of the intergovernmental agreement (“IGA”) between Malta and the US on the 16th December, 2013 whereby the latter agreed to implement Foreign Account Tax Compliance provisions (commonly known as FATCA) in Malta, the Inland Revenue Department (“IRD”) has issued draft FATCA Regulations and Guidelines implementing the said intergovernmental agreement.

A Potential Regulatory Regime for Virtual Currencies is Proposed by EBA

The European Banking Authority (EBA) published on the 4th of July 2014 an Opinion addressed to the EU Council, European Commission and European Parliament setting out the requirements that would be needed to regulate ‘virtual currencies'.

SAFE Issues New Regulations on Cross-Border Security

  By MMLC Group
On May 12, State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”) issued Regulations on Cross-Border Security as well as its Implementation Guidelines (the “Regulations”). The Regulations has become effective on June 1.

Willfulness and the Civil FBAR Penalty

  By Brown, PC
In 2008, when it was revealed that wealthy individuals around the world were utilizing accounts and trusts in Liechtenstein to evade taxes, the United States initiated a coordinated effort with foreign governments to combat tax evasion through the use of offshore trusts and accounts. The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has since launched criminal investigations of several foreign banks, many of which are ongoing.

Class Action Lawsuit Against Life Partners Will Move Forward Following Judge’s Ruling

A Texas judge has rejected a motion by Life Partners Holdings, Inc. to toss a class action lawsuit filed by investors who allege they were misled by the life settlements company. Three Life Partners executives were also named in the lawsuit, which alleges that the company fraudulently misrepresented the nature of life settlements that were sold to investors, making them appear more valuable than they actually were.

The Regulation of Virtual Currencies - A Positive Step Undertaken by the EBA

On Friday the 4th of July the European Banking Authority (EBA) published an opinion addressed to the EU Council, European Commission and European Parliament outlining its view on how ‘virtual currencies' should be regulated.

An Update on the UCITS V Directive

The UCITS V Directive shall shortly be published in the Official Journal of the European Union later on this year.

Managing Retirement Benefits of Trust or Trusteed IRA

Congratulations on making the decision to plan for your retirement accounts through a trust or trusteed IRA. You’ve selected a cost-effective, responsible plan for your future. Now the question is, “What do I do in this plan?”

IRS Changing Terms for Offshore Account Holders

  By Brown, PC
U.S. taxpayers hiding assets abroad should take note of the Internal Revenue Service’s plan to sharply increase penalties for such acts, while those who unintentionally fail to disclose offshore accounts will experience much more leniency.

Planning for the Million Dollar Balance Retirement Account

A million dollar retirement account sounds like a significant sum. If something tragic were to happen, a retirement account of this size would seem to financially care for it’s beneficiaries for a long time. However, studies have shown that a typical inheritance is spent within 17 months.

Licence and Registration, Please! – New Licensing and Registration Regime for Directors of Cayman Companies

  By Loeb Smith
On 4th June 2014, the Directors Registration and Licensing Law, 2014 (the “Law”) came into force in the Cayman Islands. The Law requires all directors (wherever they reside in the world) of “Covered Entities” to register with the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (“CIMA”). The Law has also introduced a licensing regime for “Professional Directors” and “Corporate Directors”.

Divorce and Credit Card Debt – Known and Unknown

More and more couples are racking up excessive amounts of debt. To make matters worse, some debt, especially credit card debt, is hidden from the other spouse. Some blame this phenomenon on the fact that more marriages consist of two-income couples. Each spouse may find it difficult to relinquish control of his or her own money. But when divorce is on the horizon, how is this debt ultimately divided?

Loan Funds Take the Stage in Malta

Spurred by various enquiries on the matter, the MFSA has last week launched the Investment Services Rules for Loan Funds (the “Rules”) which provide for the licensing and regulation of collective investment schemes investing through loans (“Loan Funds”). This paper will analyse the Rules and how these fit into the current Maltese fund legislation.

Moneyval's Statement Calling for Enhanced Due Diligence Measures for Bosnia and Herzegovina Transactions

On 1st June 2014, the Council of Europe Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti-Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of Terrorism (MONEYVAL) issued a public statement about the persistence of deficiencies in the anti-money laundering and counter financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) regime in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Congo-Brazzaville: Bill on the Creation of a Congolese Investment Fund has been Adopted

According to a bill presented during the Ministers’ Council of August 8th, 2013, the Republic of Congo just promulgated Law No. 1-2014 of January 6th, 2014 on the establishment of a Congolese investment fund.

Development Bank of Southern Africa Amendment Bill

The main objects of the Bill are to propose amendments to the Development Bank of Southern Africa Act, 1997 (Act No 13 of 1997 - "the Act")

Protect your Financial Security During and After Divorce

A growing number of people are divorcing late in life. No matter what the reason it is imperative to protect your financial security throughout and after the divorce process. You have accumulated a lot of things during the marriage—now is the time to retain as many as possible. There are savings and investment accounts, real estate and other personal and in some cases business assets to consider. An estate plan must be updated, health and other insurance replaced and the list goes on.

TTIP: Who Will Benefit from Better Compliance and Trade Dispute Resolution?

The economic relations between European Union and the United States have been far from smooth. Even during the Cold War, when the two economic powers were supposed to be on the same side of the Cold War divide, rows occurred that led to a serious political tensions.

Extra! Extra! Read All About It! IRS Commissioner Announces That Changes Are In the Offing For OVDP 2012

On June 3, 2014 the new IRS Commissioner, John A. Koskinen, gave a speech before the International Business - OECD International Tax Conference. His speech covered the history of the offshore enforcement initiative since the UBS debacle in 2009. His remarks acknowledge what most professionals in the tax community have recognized since the inception: that OVDP needs more tweaking in order to meet the overall goals of enforcement and fairness.

Incorporating a Limited Liability Company in Italy

Limited Liability Company is one of the simplest companies to use in the Italian market with limited costs and -of course- limited liability. This article features the main steps and information you will need to incorporate it.

U.S. District Court Upholds Multiple Willful FBAR Penalties Against Taxpayer

  By Brown, PC
In a case that has raised eyebrows in the tax community, a jury in the Southern District of Florida has sustained the IRS’s assessment of multiple willful FBAR penalties against an American business man and bank director.

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: An Answer to the Shift of Global Economic Balances?

Long gone are the days the American economy by itself producing almost the 50% of the total world economic output immediately following the Second World War. Gone, together with the predominance in the global economic output is the cheap energy prices that sustained the American economy and its new role back in the post war world as the workshop of the world following the British political and economic decline.

Alphabet Soup for Installment Agreements

What is an installment agreement? An installment agreement is an option for those who cannot pay their entire tax bills by the due date. It allows taxpayers to pay the amount due over a period of time

US Persons with Secret Bank Accounts in Switzerland

In case you have a secret account in Switzerland with a Swiss bank, if you are a US person, if you have received a letter from a Swiss bank demanding to waive your rights to have bank secrecy, is a good idea if you start to act proactively. You can qualify for the OVDP or you file a late FBAR. It is worth to analyse this complex topic on a case-by-case basis.


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