HG.org Legal Resources

Business and Industry Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Business and Industry.


Can an Employer Make Me Pay for Damages to Other Vehicle?

  May 26, 2017     By HG.org
Employment contracts are often complicated with wording that appears to be tricky or difficult to understand. Most persons that are hired sign...

What Are You Agreeing to When You Shop Online?

  May 25, 2017     By Mann Law Firm
Shopping online is big business, projected to surpass $3.5 trillion by 2020. Although China spends far and away more money in e-commerce than...

Business Contracts: Which Need to Be in Writing and Which May be Oral

  May 23, 2017     By HG.org
The need for business contract is obvious to anyone that works in the commercial world. These may be used for a variety of reasons, but some of...

Incorporate a Company in Sri Lanka

  May 23, 2017     By D.L. & F. De Saram
Establishment of an Entity in Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka is ranked highly among the South Asian countries that offer ease in terms of establishing an...

Takeovers and Mergers in Sri Lanka

  May 23, 2017     By D.L. & F. De Saram
In Sri Lanka, the administration of the Company Takeovers and Mergers Code (Code) is the function of the Sri Lankan Securities & Exchange...

Winding Up of a Limited Liability Company in Sri Lanka

  May 23, 2017     By D.L. & F. De Saram
Companies may be wound up in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act and the Companies Winding up Rues. Winding up of a company may...

3 Common Mistakes in Contract Law & How to Prevent Them

  May 23, 2017     By Carter Capner Law
Have you ever wondered what is a mistake in contract law and what does it imply? A mistake in contract law is an erroneous meaning of words or...

How a Corporate Attorney Can Help You Negotiate Master Service Agreements

  May 23, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
Do you feel like you waste time developing new contracts for the same services, or worry that you're exposing your business to risks because you...

Why Testimony of an Expert Witness Aids in Business Transactions between Companies

  May 22, 2017     By HG.org
Business transactions between companies are often complicated due to the amount of information that must be passed back and forth between them....

ESOP (Employee Share Ownership Programme): The Latest Craze in Hungary

  May 22, 2017     By Jalsovszky Law Firm
ESOP (Employee Share Ownership Programme) entities have been springing up like mushrooms in Hungary since last year, and the acronym itself has...

The Necessary Steps to Remove the Owner of a Corporation When Revenue Falls

  May 19, 2017     By HG.org
One common reason to remove an owner or shareholder from a corporation is because he or she is not providing an adequate profit for the...

Purchase of Further Tax CDs Possible – Voluntary Disclosure for Tax Evasion in Germany

  May 19, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Since 2010, the German exchequer has reeled in a nationwide total of around six billion euros by way of voluntary declarations for tax evasion....

When Co-Owners Split, Disaster Strikes

  May 18, 2017     By HG.org
Just like with married couples, many businesses decide to get a “divorce.” However, in this instance getting a divorce may mean the end of an...

Can My Lawyer Refuse to Continue with My Case Unless I Pay in Full?

  May 18, 2017     By HG.org
Sometimes during the middle of representation, a lawyer and client may reach an impasse due to billing issues. In some cases, a lawyer may be...

How to Remedy Business Fraud with the Help of an Expert Witness

  May 17, 2017     By HG.org
Business processes are often difficult to analyze and understand in a court room for the average person. Numerous complicated cases are...

Is a Surrogacy Contract Valid in the U.S. or Abroad?

  May 16, 2017     By HG.org
Surrogacy contracts are often complicated to enforce. There are many terms that protect the mother until she gives her rights away.

Reform of Law Governing Challenges to Debtor’s Transactions in Insolvency Proceedings in Germany

  May 16, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
The reform of insolvency law is meant to bolster the rights of creditors in the event that a business partner becomes insolvent as well as...

M&A in Germany - Initial Guidance for Foreign Investors

  May 16, 2017     By Rose & Partner LLP
Germany is a premier destination for foreign investments. There are almost no regulatory restrictions for the acquisition of domestic companies,...

Preparing for the Second Round of Startup Funding in Israel

  May 16, 2017     By Barnea & Co. Law Offices
Funding your startup company is an inexact science. The first round of funding helps get your company established, but often leads to a...

Ten Golden Tips for Distribution Agreements in Israel

  May 16, 2017     By Barnea & Co. Law Offices
Distributors, agents, resellers and OEM partners all share the same commercial function of selling goods to end users. Thus, although there are...

How to Lose Personal Liability Protection in Your Business

  May 15, 2017     By HG.org
There are many forms of liability protection available to businesses, but there are numerous actions and activity that may lead to a loss of...

False or Deceptive Competitor Advertising Hurting Your Bottom Line?

  May 12, 2017     By Watkins Firm, A Professional Corporation
There are resources and options available for business owners when competitors undercut pricing by selling inferior goods or services.

Legal Reasons Why a 50/50 Partnership Split Should be Avoided

  May 11, 2017     By HG.org
Partnerships are complicated relationships that often cause conflict without contracts and agreements explaining obligations and...

Reasons for Outsourcing Legal Services

  May 11, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
Today, many organizations are seeking ways to reduce their operating costs as they consider how effectively they can manage their core...

The Importance of Reviewing Your Employee Handbook

  May 11, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
There are many good reasons why you would want to ask a lawyer to review your company's employee handbook before you hand it out to your...

Why Just a Handshake Is Not Enough in Business Contracts

  May 10, 2017     By HG.org
When someone makes a deal in a business, it usually requires the backup of a drafted contract that is signed by all involved parties. This...

Business Incorporation in Egypt

  May 10, 2017     By Youssry Saleh Law Firm
Foreign enterprises wishing to conduct business in Egypt may enter the Egyptian market by establishing a permanent legal structure. Foreign...

What to Include in Corporate Minutes

  May 9, 2017     By HG.org
When a corporation has meetings between members of the management, owners, partners or shareholders, there are often requirements that these...

Role of General Counsel in Business

  May 9, 2017     By Nicoll Davis & Spinella, LLP
General Counsel is a vital role in any type of business, even if one were to focus only on the core legal deliverables: helping to protect the...

Business Start-up 2017 - How to Launch your Business with Italy

  May 9, 2017     By Giambrone Law
There are many reasons why a person or group of people choose to start their own business, from a passionate belief in your new innovation,...

An Introduction to the Davis-Bacon Act

  May 9, 2017     By Cobb Law Group
Contractors working on Federal Projects typically must meet minimum wage requirements. Sometimes, the prevailing wages on Federal projects are...

Difference in Proactive and Reactive Commercial Lawyers

  May 8, 2017     By HG.org
Safety and the wellbeing of workers is often one of the most important aspects of protecting employees while they are in the workplace. This...

VAT and Selective Tax in Saudi Arabia

  May 8, 2017     By Hazim Al Madani Law Firm
Recently, some questions and discussions have been raised on the Saudi street as well as through the audio and visual media on the decision of...

Protect Your Business With Succession Planning

  May 3, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
Starting a new business is exciting and most of us hope that our business will thrive even if we are not at the helm. Too often however, we...

Expert Witness and Breach of Contract Problems

  May 2, 2017     By HG.org
Expert witnesses may be retained for various legal issues. One such issue is when there is a breach of contract.

Doing Business and Collecting Debts in Hungary

  May 2, 2017     By Bierens
Should you have outstanding debts in Hungary or should you plan to do business in the country, there are a few things you might want to consider...

Social Media Policy: A “Must Have” for Your Business

  May 1, 2017     By HG.org
The various forms of social media have proven to be a boon and essential for the business campaigns of the electronic an internet age.

Do Investors in My Small Business Have the Right to Take Over and Issue Shares Without My Permission?

  May 1, 2017     By HG.org
Many small businesses provide the ability for the business to have shares issued. These shares help provide the financial backing that a...

Expert Witness: Business Owner Conflicts with Shareholders

  April 28, 2017     By HG.org
Conflicts between business owners and shareholders are not uncommon. The duties and direction between these two groups are often opposing. These...

Family Emergencies In Your Business: How FMLA Affects You

  April 28, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
If you've just started a new business, there's a chance you've heard of FMLA and wonder how it affects your business. This important legal...

Notes from Practice: Pledge Termination in Kazakhstan

  April 28, 2017     By Signum Law Firm
When handling client consultation on Kazakhstan law matters, we frequently face situations where, in approaching public bodies for registration...

Specific Business Tax in Thailand

  April 28, 2017     By Siam Legal International
Specific Business Tax (SBT), under the Revenue Code of Thailand, is one type of tax applicable to operators of real estate businesses.

Expert Witness and Breach of Contract Problems

  April 27, 2017     By HG.org
Expert witnesses may be retained for various legal issues. One such issue is when there is a breach of contract.

Importance of Clauses for Lawyers’ Fees in a Service Provider’s Contract

  April 27, 2017     By HG.org
When drafting a contract that requires the hiring of a lawyer, it is vital that the fees associated with the legal expert are detailed and fully...

Breach of Competition Law Due to Lack of Labelling on Energy Consumption in Germany

  April 27, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Electronic appliances that can be seen on display but lack labelling on energy consumption constitute a violation of competition law. That was...

Importance of Negotiating Assignment Clauses in Commercial Lease Transactions

  April 26, 2017     By HG.org
Commercial spaces may be difficult to obtain depending on the city where the businesses reside. Because of this, there are many different...

Business Lawyer Assists with the Legal Creation of a Business

  April 26, 2017     By HG.org
Creating a business through legal means is not difficult, but ensuring the contracts and other documents are valid with clear wording and...

How to Transfer Ownership in a Digital Business and Digital Assets

  April 25, 2017     By HG.org
In the electronic age, there are many businesses upgrading to the digital and buying and selling digital assets. However, there are not as many...

Is It Possible to Sue When Return on Investment Does Not Materialize?

  April 25, 2017     By HG.org
When someone has invested in a luxury hotel, there are many factors to consider before progressing to litigation. Some return on investment may...

Protecting Your Entrepreneurial Vision: Legal Steps

  April 24, 2017     By HG.org
Protecting the idea behind a possible revenue stream is often difficult in the electronic age with so much video recording, data capturing and...

Software Patents and Alice in the Looking Glass

  April 24, 2017     By JGPC Business & Corporate Law
The public tends to believe the purpose of the Patent Office is to issue patents. The facts paint a different conclusion.

Early Lease Termination Agreements: Economic Considerations for Landlords and Distressed Tenants

  April 24, 2017     By Gross & Romanick, P.C.
A small business has leased commercial space, encountered economic difficulties, and can no longer afford the lease payments. In some cases, the...

Most Common Legal Aspects Affecting Ex-Patriate Workers in Colombia

  April 21, 2017     By Abusaid Gómez & Asociados
Foreign companies establish their presence in Colombia, and most of the times the first thing they do is, send a trusted directive to oversee...

General Legal Services and How They Prevent Expensive Litigation

  April 21, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
Every small business' worst nightmare is being sued for big bucks. However, there are proactive steps that every business owner can take to make...

Essential Clauses in a Founder’s Agreement

  April 21, 2017     By HG.org
When a new enterprise is launched, it is critical for the future success of the business for the founders to have a clear agreement in place....

Ways to Minimize Risk When Bringing a New Product to Market

  April 21, 2017     By HG.org
It is essential when creating a concept for a new product that will be placed on the market to minimize risks that may affect acquiring a...

Business Lawyer Explains Special Considerations when Terminating Employees

  April 21, 2017     By HG.org
There are a number of laws and regulations in place that protect employees from unlawful and unwarranted termination. Because of these, it is...

Business Lawyer Fees and Costs: How to Structure Them for Your Business

  April 20, 2017     By HG.org
Legal expenses can sometimes signify an expensive line item for businesses. This is especially true when the business was not expecting to have...

Purchasing a Business: Some Liabilities May Not Be Evident

  April 20, 2017     By HG.org
There are many ways in which to purchase a business. These may be through mergers, acquisitions and even purchasing the controlling stock of the...

When Large Medical Groups Acquire Small Physician Practices – Legal and Economic Structure

  April 20, 2017     By Matt Dickstein, Business Attorney
A trend in the medical marketplace is for big group multi-specialty medical practices to buy up small practices, and integrate them into the big...

When a Buy-Sell Clause May be Triggered

  April 19, 2017     By HG.org
Buy-sell agreements are integral to contracts, various agreements and documents necessary in businesses either during the run of the company or...

Spousal Entitlement to Business Interests

  April 19, 2017     By HG.org
During a divorce, there may be many assets that affect both partners. These assets may have been accumulated during the marriage and may be...

Legal Ways to Sustain Your Brand’s Value

  April 19, 2017     By HG.org
In the business world, a brand is often one of the most important aspects a company has when being viewed and spoken about by consumers. The...

Ban on Bars Along Highways – No Disparity with Government Policy in India

  April 19, 2017     By Abhay Nevagi & Associates
The Supreme Court (SC) declared a ban on liquor outlets at a distance of 500 m. from state and national highways. This step taken by the SC met...

Problems with not Paying Employees Properly

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
It is important to understand that a fair wage for work is important. As the middle class is shrinking more with each passing year, money is...

Business Law Lawyer: Limited Time to Respond to a Civil Lawsuit

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
When someone is affected by a lawsuit, he or she may only have so much time to react. This means that after a letter or summons to the court has...

Expert Witness Uses Formulas to Evaluate Lost Profits

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
There are times when a company loses profits through an incident caused by an individual. This often leads to injury to the company or someone...

The Best Reasons Why You Should Hire a Private Investigator

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
A private investigator is often useful for a number or reasons, but when a case or claim is necessary in a court of law, these professionals are...

Why You Need a Buy-Sell Agreement

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
There are many types of agreements needed when running, creating and ending a business. These are often needed initially, but they may be...

Benefits of Using a C-Corporation Formation

  April 17, 2017     By HG.org
The use of a C corporation is the most common and provides potentially unlimited possible growth with the use of stock and various other means....

Role of Employee Handbooks in At-Will Employment

  April 17, 2017     By HG.org
The employee handbook is usually one of the first things a new worker receives after he or she is inducted into the training program in a...

Importance of Written Operating Agreements

  April 14, 2017     By HG.org
Businesses run well when there is a written operating agreement in place that explains various aspects of the company and how it should be...

Secret Weapons of Private Investigators

  April 14, 2017     By HG.org
Private investigators are need for a variety of reasons, but they often have secret weapons they are able to employ in research, surveillance...

Can My Landlord Terminate My Lease if I Posted a Bad Review of the Apartment?

  April 14, 2017     By HG.org
Landlords draft a lease agreement with tenants in usual standard terms. However, these agreements may be altered upon the termination of the...

Forged Loan Termination Agreement No Benefit to Debtor in the Netherlands

  April 13, 2017     By AMS Advocaten
In summary proceedings in the Netherlands concerning an unpaid loan, the debtor suddenly produced an important document. This was purported to...

Start-Ups: Big Legal Mistakes to Avoid

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
When starting a new business, there are many mistakes that are made by the owners or partners that may be avoided with the knowledge of what not...

Importance of Shareholder Agreements

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
When a company has shareholders, there are often many things that must be accomplished early on rather than waiting until something occurs. This...

Commercial Loan Documents – Beware of “Errors and Omissions” Insurance

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
When insurance is purchased for commercial real estate either through loan documents or independently, it is essential that the purchaser is...

Protecting Small Businesses from Litigation

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
In order to protect a small business from the threat of litigation, it is important to know how a lawsuit may arise. The risks of litigation...

Damages for Breach of Contract in English Law

  April 12, 2017     By Summerfield Browne Solicitors
Where parties are in a litigation dispute relating to breach of contract, it is important to assess the nature of any damages which might be...

IT Services Agreements: Liability of Outsourced IT Services

  April 12, 2017     By Law Office of Vasilios Peros, P.C.
Over the years, technological advances have allowed many companies to outsource much of the creation, maintenance and support of their...

Health Claims in Relation to Mineral Water Need to Comply with the Health Claims Regulation in Germany

  April 12, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Health claims in relation to mineral water need to be consistent with the Health Claims Regulation. This was confirmed by the Bundesgerichtshof...

Benefits and Concerns of Partnering in Business with Your Spouse

  April 11, 2017     By HG.org
The vast majority of businesses in the United States are family-owned or controlled. This means that many people are in business with a...

Private Investigators Uncover Invisible Resumes Online and Related Documents

  April 11, 2017     By HG.org
A private investigator is often tasked with the responsibility of finding information that is hidden from view of the public. One such source of...

Commercial Contracts and Changes in Circumstances in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
A failure by a contractual party to anticipate a change in circumstances before entering into a contract, could adversely affect their...

Contracts: a Change in the Illegality Defence in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Illegality on the part of one contractual party may not prevent that party successfully asserting their legal rights against the other.

Unravelling Commercial Contracts on Misrepresentation in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
A contract or settlement can be ‘unraveled’ if, in the circumstances, it was entered into following a fraudulent misrepresentation.

A Lawyer’s Perspective: Best Uses of a Private Investigator

  April 10, 2017     By HG.org
Private investigators serve many important functions that are distinct from the services provided by a lawyer. Due to the variety of services...

Commercial Contracts: Are Clear General Endeavours/Good Faith Conditions Required in the Bahamas?

  April 10, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Contractual terms in a commercial agreement must be as explicit as possible if the parties wish them to mean what they intend them to mean. A...

Company Insolvency: Wrongful Trading in the Bahamas

  April 10, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Company directors may not be able to defend a wrongful trading charge if they fail to treat creditors equally in the face of a potential...

Commercial Contracts: Are Oral Discussions Binding in the Bahamas?

  April 10, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
The effect of a breach of contract can be such that the contract is automatically ended and the aggrieved party cannot insist on the contract...

Shareholder Rights Against a Director

  April 10, 2017     By HG.org
Some directors in a company start actions that are in opposition of what shareholders want. These decisions may take the business in a direction...

Restrictive Covenants in Florida Contract Law Your Business Needs

  April 7, 2017     By Apfelbaum Law
In a free-market system, competition is healthy and beneficial to consumers, encouraging innovation and competitive prices. In general, the...

Crowdfunding Start-Up: What it Is and How it Works in Italy and the EU

  April 7, 2017     By Arnone & Sicomo
Crowdfunding is an alternative source of funding that makes use of the web, and of the virtual environment, in order to put ideas in contact...

How Do I Start a Food Production Business?

  April 5, 2017     By HG.org
Starting a food production business may appear as something easy or quick to initiate or enter into, but just as any other company is formed,...

What Are My Rights as a Father when a Surrogacy Goes Wrong?

  April 5, 2017     By HG.org
Surrogacy problems may occur for a number of reasons. When a couple is unable to or cannot birth their own baby, they often opt for alternatives...

Doing Due Diligence: Private Investigation of Your Business Partners and Contracts

  April 5, 2017     By HG.org
Due diligence is necessary when partners and contracts are involved in a business. This is due to certain paperwork, processes and the initial...

Liability Claims Against Executive Bodies

  April 5, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Executive boards, supervisory boards and managing directors are subject to a substantial risk of personal liability. With the help of suitable...

Legal Considerations When Buying a Business: Summary of the M&A Process

  April 4, 2017     By Gehres Law Group, P.C.
Thinking of buying a business? For any arms’ length transaction, it is critical that buyers take certain steps during the purchase process (also...

Legal Contracts a Partnership Should Have in Place

  April 4, 2017     By HG.org
For a peaceful and amenable partnership to be in place with obligations and duties for each that makes use of skills, talents and knowledge,...


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