Civil Rights Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Civil Rights.
April 16, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
The contractual commission regulations of trade agents can be invalid if they are contradictory.
April 14, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
Trust is good, control is better. This is especially true when making the first delivery to a new customer. A lawyer can support your company by assessing customer creditworthiness. Experienced lawyers will also discuss strategies to protect you against the risk of default.
April 7, 2014 By Roger G. Jain & Associates, P.C.
The Texas Debt Collection Act and the Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act prohibit debt collectors from taking certain actions when dealing with alleged debtors. They also provide remedies for people when collectors fail to comply with the statutes. This article is to help you determine whether a debt collector has violated the law and what you can do about it.
April 7, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
A legatee is only entitled to restitution of a legacy gifted during the lifetime of the testator under special circumstances.
April 4, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
If a franchisee is not informed that turnover projections are based merely upon estimations then it is entitled to damages claims with respect to the turnover figures that have not been achieved.
March 28, 2014 By Cody L. Cofer, Attorney & Counselor at Law
Going to prison should not mean the end of someone’s potential. However, upon re-entering society, many released prisoners find fewer opportunities than when they entered the prison system.
March 13, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
Advisors must elucidate mistakes or information gaps in leaflets; otherwise, there has been a consultation error. The burden of proof for the disclosure lies with the advisor.
March 12, 2014 By George Hwang LL.C
The Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) of 2012 governs the collection, use and disclosure of personal data by private organisations. It establishes a Do Not Call (DNC) Registry, which came into effect on 2 January 2014. Here are five things you need to know about the DNC.
March 12, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
Termination by regular notice of an employment relationship is effective if the employee makes use of an illegal accounting method to increase his earnings.
Incomplete Disclosure Regarding Refunds With Respect to Ship Funds MT “Margara” – Capital Market Law
March 11, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
The Regional Court of Hamburg awarded damages to an investor of the ship funds MT “Margara” because the latter was not informed about refunds.
March 10, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
Circumstances may lead to the termination of a compliance manager when it comes to monitoring measures taken with regard to an employee.
March 5, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
If false information is provided or erroneous guaranties given in the context of a share deal, liability on the part of the managing director(s) is possible.
March 4, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
A manufacturer should reasonably accommodate the needs of the distributor worthy of protection and not contravene its interests without justifiable cause.
February 28, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
Where there is a public testamentary deed, the land registry office can correct the land register even in the absence of a certificate of inheritance.
February 27, 2014 By GRP Rainer LLP
The Hamburg Labour Court recently ruled that the strong suspicion of credit memos belonging to a business being used for private purposes can justify an extraordinary dismissal.
February 19, 2014 By CSB Advocates
In Europe, online sales are set to reach 191 billion Euro by the year 2017. Faced with these numbers, businesses simply cannot afford to pass up the opportunities presented to them by online channels. Neither can they afford to remain in the dark about developments in the e-commerce regulatory sector. The ever-changing landscape of the world market necessitates a fast reaction time and a keen adaptability for businesses to remain relevant.
February 15, 2014 By Prudential Middle East
A series of federal and local laws were developed with the purpose of regulating relations and ensuring the stability of transactions and the safety of society.
February 11, 2014 By Kassouni Law
In California any taxpayer can bring a lawsuit to stop the implementation of a law that she believes is unconstitutional provided that she is a resident taxpayer of the area affected and public funds will be spent to implement the challenged law.
January 31, 2014 By Kassouni Law
Appeals Lawyers Analyze Shelby County v. Holder and the Constitutionality of Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act.
January 31, 2014 By Kassouni Law
Appeals lawyers assess Underwood v. Mackay - whether occupational licensing applicants must submit to all licensing procedures and be denied a license before they can challenge the constitutionality of those procedures in court.
January 27, 2014 By Kassouni Law
The rise of civil asset forfeiture as a means of increasing government revenues.
January 17, 2014 By Kassouni Law
Eminent domain lawyers analyze California cities seizing underwater mortgages through eminent domain.
January 4, 2014 By Cook & Cook Law Firm, PLLC
When facing a contested divorce situation, husbands and wives are tempted to record each other with the hope to improve their individual divorce outcome. This article is a reminder that while your high tech gizmo may enable you to intercept some valuable dirt on your ex, privacy law likely prohibits it.
December 24, 2013 By Legal Alliance
Ministry of Health of Ukraine (hereinafter - the Ministry of Health of Ukraine) issued the Order № 696 from 06.08.2013 that approves hygiene requirements for infant formula products (hereinafter - the hygiene requirements).
December 22, 2013 By HG.org
In our modern, connected age, it seems everyone has a tablet or laptop computer that they use on a daily basis. These computers usually have built in webcams and microphones which, while very useful for legitimate purposes like video calls, can also be a vehicle for embarrassment, identity theft, and spying on your most intimate moments. So, what does the law have to say about using someone's webcam or computer microphone to spy on them?
December 19, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
Operating a purely informative website is not to be regarded as a business transaction, not even when it contains a link that points to the page of an online shop.
December 18, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
The Superior Court (OLG) of Schleswig, in a decision of August 13, 2013 (File number: 1 U 24/13) ruled that an “under the table” worker is not entitled to claim contractual fees from his presumed contract partner or under a “special arrangement”.
December 17, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
In his final submissions of November 26, 2013, the Advocate General at the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) explained that Internet providers may under certain circumstances be required by law to block websites that infringe copyright (File number: C-314/12).
December 13, 2013 By Pamir Law Group
Notwithstanding the reasoning, companies in China have yet another amorphous compliance bugbear to obey. Given the inconsistent state of existing data privacy rules and recent dicta that position personal data at the epicenter of the data protection maelstrom, one might think it counter-intuitive, if not disingenuous, that there is no legally authoritative definition of “personal data” under Chinese law.
December 12, 2013 By HG.org
Much of what most people know about the American justice system is derived from television and movies. Unfortunately, these are entertainment and not as focused on conveying the truth about the legal system as delivering a compelling story. Even the news has a tendency to “spin” the truth in a way that makes it more interesting to the audience in order to increase the audience. As a result, here are 5 common myths about the American justice system:
December 12, 2013 By HG.org
Ever stopped and wondered where your various household goods came from? Not just the country of origin, but who actually worked to produce it? Most products, even those from other countries, are produced by adults, and though their standard of living may be different than that of their counterparts in America, they are working of their own free will. However, some products and services, even today, are still being produced by children and forced labor.
December 10, 2013 By HG.org
Traditionally, one benefit of marriage was being able to share in a spouse's employment benefits, like health, vision, and dental insurance. Unfortunately, many same-sex couples have struggled for years to receive the same level of benefits and even the right to be married. With more and more jurisdictions recognizing same-sex marriages, are employers now required to provide same-sex couples with the same level of benefits as heterosexual couples?
December 10, 2013 By HG.org
The arrival of 3D printing technology has led to some amazing new possibilities for things like replicating broken parts, creating amazing works of 3D art, and manufacturing entire items from patters found online. But, as is usually the case with any new technology, someone finds a way to use it for something sinister. Several creators invented 3D printed plastic guns and made plans available online. But, are these 3D printed plastic guns legal?
December 8, 2013 By HG.org
Following the terrorist attacks on 9/11, the U.S. federal government enacted a number of measures meant to combat the threat of terrorism on American soil. Among these measures was the implementation of the No Fly List, created and maintained by the Terrorist Screening Center (TSC). Often the subject of jokes in TV shows and movies, many wonder what it really is and how it works. So, how does the U.S. No Fly List actually work?
December 7, 2013 By Ferrer Shane, PL
In order to find ways to prevent terrible acts of violence from guns, and to reconcile those acts with our deeply-ingrained gun culture, we must first make steps to understand that culture.
December 6, 2013 By HG.org
Since the dawn of civilization, there has been an ongoing philosophical and political debate about who or what can legally be considered a person. Traditionally, this took on the debate of whether certain human minority groups should be afforded the same rights and obligations as those in power. But, the debate has shifted in recent years to one involving non-humans. So, what makes a “person,” legally speaking.
December 3, 2013 By HG.org
Finding someone who does not have a Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn, or other social media profile is getting harder to do. Granted, there are still a few stalwart holdouts, but the vast majority of Americans use social media everyday (in fact, you may have come across this article in your social media feed). With social networking such a huge part of our lives, are there any social media laws? How are common legal issues resolved when they occur in a social network?
December 2, 2013 By HG.org
Sharia law is the Islamic system of moral codes that govern all aspects of Muslim life. Since 9/11, a wave of anti-Sharia legislation has swept across America. But what is Sharia law, and is it really something that Americans should be concerned about? Is anti-Sharia law actually more dangerous to American freedoms than the moral code it seeks to prohibit?
November 30, 2013 By HG.org
Since its inception, the U.S. has been required to take military action of one sort or another under every president and administration, even before the United States of America had a Constitution. Since the creation of the U.S. Constitution, however, the United States has had laws regarding declaring war. Certain military actions can be taken without formal declarations of war, others cannot. So what are the laws regarding declaring war?
November 21, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
The dismissal for reasons of a long-time employee because of long periods of absence due to illness may be subject to strict requirements.
November 20, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
If photos are published without authorization, this is a violation of the right of owning one’s own image. The persons depicted are entitled to receive payment of a license fee.
November 19, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
A spouse has no right of inheritance if the other partner dies while divorce proceedings are underway and he/she has already agreed to a divorce.
November 18, 2013 By The Evans Law Firm
California recently passed legislation that will help LGBT elders to receive respectful care in their twilight years.
November 17, 2013 By HG.org
Many have heard of people who hold themselves out as “animal rights activists,” but what does that really mean? Can animals really have rights? If so, how do they exercise them and what are they? Obviously they can not be the same as human rights or anyone who had a burger would be an accomplice to murder, so what is protected?
November 17, 2013 By HG.org
Many have wondered as they drive along the road and see signs for so-called Indian Casinos how this could be legal in a state that otherwise outlaws such forms of gambling? Others may have heard of Native Americans having their own tribal laws and police and wondered if these are separate and apart from the laws of non-Indians in the area. Do Native Americans have special rights that other American citizens do not?
November 16, 2013 By HG.org
In this modern digital age, it is often common for romantic partners, particularly those in long distance relationships, to exchange revealing photos of one another. These photos are often intended for the eyes of the receiver only. But, how can you be sure? What happens if you break up or the other person turns out to be less discrete than you had hoped? Is it illegal for someone to share those photos with others?
November 14, 2013 By HG.org
Have you ever wondered what the difference was between a human right and a civil right? After all, if some Americans had to fight to obtain civil rights as recently as the late 20th Century, what are all of these human rights we and other nations are enforcing in other countries through military action? Is there a difference between the two terms?
November 12, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
Unless a trademark delimitation agreement concluded between two competing companies for the marketing of a product states otherwise, no time limit applies.
Expert Opinion Comparing Handwriting In Cases Of Doubt As To Whether A Will Is Authentic And Holographic
November 11, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
Doubt as to whether a personally signed will is authentic and holographic can be removed with the help of an opinion comparing handwriting.
Most people have seen the effects of affirmative action in one place or another. For example, most job and school applications now ask a person's racial and ethnic background, gender, and veteran status. But what is affirmative action really, and why was it created?
Over the last decade, stories of shootings on college campuses have dotted the headlines. This has led many to call for legalizing the carrying of guns on campuses. Of course, this has also created a serious backlash against guns on campuses, leading many to ask if this is the answer or just a way to contribute to the problem. So where is it legal to carry a gun on a college campus?
Admit it, you have probably thought about it. What can you legally say to a cop and get away with it? Maybe an officer pulled you over on the wrong day, maybe you distrust cops, or maybe you just like living on the edge. Whatever your reasoning, you might be surprised to find out that getting a little mouthy is not technically an automatic one way trip to jail.
For those who have never been to prison, considerations of prison food are probably not high on the list of concerns about prison conditions. But, many a prisoner has suffered through daily rations of “nutriloaf” and probably has a very different take on the matter.
Often an argument raised by inmates or others who feel they have been wronged but are not sure what rights to call upon, the Geneva Conventions are frequently misidentified as the source of a variety of “rights” one does not have. The Geneva Conventions are actually a series of agreements, not a single document, and among the most misapplied by legal novices. So when do the Geneva Conventions really apply?
November 8, 2013 By HG.org
Obviously, going to jail or prison involves having one's rights curtailed. But, that does not mean inmates in the United States are without basic human rights. Even the most hardened criminal has basic rights protected by the U.S. Constitution. If you or someone you know may be facing incarceration, you should know your rights, or what your friend or loved one's rights are or will be while behind bars.
November 8, 2013 By HG.org
Incarceration of any kind is designed to be an unpleasant experience. But, the policies, rights, and daily life of an inmate can be very different between these two types of institutions. So, what is the difference between jail and prison.
November 1, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
To decide whether provisions under a partnership agreement are contrary to common practice, it is necessary to take all the circumstances into account that were relevant when the agreement was signed.
October 31, 2013 By HG.org
Frequently, we hear people refer to a right to privacy, and many surveys even show that most Americans even believe that it is a specific right under the Constitution (though they cannot agree as to which amendment it is). In reality, there is no amendment that specifically protects privacy, though it has been recognized in several U.S. Supreme Court cases.
October 25, 2013 By HG.org
Many have wondered whether body paint is sufficient covering to be considered clothing such that a person could not be arrested for public nudity. This question becomes popular particularly around holidays like Halloween, but has often come up with relation to art projects, political protests, and even sporting events. As with so many things in the law, the answer is unsatisfactorily vague.
October 23, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
The unfounded restriction of an employment relationship is impermissible even when it is longer than three years since the time-limitation.
October 22, 2013 By HG.org
For years, gay and lesbian couples have fought for the right to have their relationships legally recognized like heterosexual couples. Unfortunately, as with most civil rights movements, the march towards equal rights for those of different sexual orientations has been a long and difficult one. Nevertheless, several states have recently taken to recognizing same-sex marriages over the last few years, opening the door to a new era of equality for these individuals.
October 18, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
A trademark owner can enforce injunctive relief if a business uses a third-party trademark as part of its own advertising.
October 17, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
In the view of the Regional Court of Cologne, offering dental services and their prices via an online coupon portal constitutes anti-competitive conduct.
October 13, 2013 By HG.org
We have all seen police shows where, immediately upon arrest, a police officer begins telling the suspect “you have the right to remain silent...” The list of rights the officer is about to recite are known as Miranda Rights. So what happens if the officer does not read you your Miranda Rights at the time of arrest?
October 9, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
Employers must not deduct any vacation pay entitlement when releasing employees from their obligation to work.
October 8, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
The right to use a computer inventory control system depends in particular on the provisions of the franchise agreement and any amendments thereto.
October 6, 2013 By HG.org
Graffiti is an unusual topic in the art world. Several artists have become iconic for their graffiti art works, like Keith Haring and Banksy. But how does the law deal with the debate between free expression, art, and the crime of defacing others' properties?
September 26, 2013 By HG.org
While American women are generally treated with little distinction from men under American law, it has not always been so. Indeed, it is still not this way in many parts of the world. A recent survey of countries ranked the legal standing of women in various nations and compiled a list of the nations with the most legal distinctions between the rights of men versus those of women.
September 26, 2013 By HG.org
After decades of live fire exercises on the island of Vieques in Puerto Rico, the US government ceased to fire on the island in 2003. Nevertheless, the legacy of those training exercises linger on, and now a group of residents have filed a lawsuit against the US government claiming human rights violations.
September 26, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
Under certain circumstances, the grooves design of a case can be competitively unique and therefore constitute a performance outcome worthy of protection.
September 24, 2013 By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Banks and banking transactions take an important place in finance. With regard to provide the protection of confidence and credibility, the protection of bank customer secrets has become very important. Obligation of secrecy is based on the principal of protection of individuals private life by Article 20 of Turkish Constitution.
On Monday, September 16, 2013, Aaron Alexis opened fire in the Washington Naval Shipyard, killing 12 naval and civilian personnel before he was ultimately killed himself by law enforcement. However, much to the surprise of the general public, the weapon that Alexis used to kill 12 innocent people was legal, since when he purchased it, Alexis had no record of either a misdemeanor or felony conviction.
Secret Court Ruling Explains Government's Legal Justification for Warrantless Collection of Phone Data
Since the revelation by former government contractor, Edward Snowden, that the federal government had been spying on US citizens for years, the opinions of both the public and a number of elected officials have shown strong disapproval for this conduct.
A provision of the Affordable Care Act (also frequently referred to as “Obamacare”) requries that corporations of 50 or more employees must issue FDA-approved contraceptives as part of their health plan. However, a legal advocacy group has announced that it will ask the US Supreme Court to take up a Michigan manufacturing company’s challenge to the requirement.
September 17, 2013 By HG.org
In recent years, incidences of public nudity have increased. In some instances, this is innocent fun, like ritual moonings in Orange County, California, and worldwide naked bike riding events.
September 15, 2013 By HG.org
On a Saturday night in September, 2013, an emotionally disturbed man ran through Times Square in New York City mimicking the action of firing a gun at police. Believing in the heat of the moment that they may actually be under fire, the officers responded with actual bullets, hitting two innocent bystanders. Just a few months earlier, nine bystanders were hit by police bullets during a shootout with a disgruntled man who shot a former coworker in the financial district.
Encrypted Email Service Begins Appeal of Surveillance Order in Wake of Revelation of Government Surveillance
September 13, 2013 By HG.org
Lavabit, a company that offers encrypted email services to its customers, has formally appealed the secret surveillance order that led it to close its business last month, but the case was immediately placed under seal in the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals.
September 13, 2013 By HG.org
It seems like the headlines are constantly filled with new stories of politicians quite literally caught with their pants down in scandals with prostitutes. This often raises the question of why we do not treat prostitution in the same was as pornography. Why is sex for money okay in one setting and not another?
September 12, 2013 By HG.org
Whether you believe the current administration's handling of the dispute in Syria has been well handled or not, and whether you are for or against intervention, the back and forth process provides interesting insights into the processes of both international and constitutional law.
September 4, 2013 By HG.org
You have been stopped, either in a car, in a public place, or walking down the street, and an officer asks you to do something you do not think you should have to do. This would probably be a request to search your person or vehicle. So, when an officer asks you to empty your pockets, allow a search of your car, or for some other consent to search, how do you say “no” without bringing on more suspicion and a possible arrest?
September 2, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
The marketing of dairy products whose name contains misleading information about places and regions of origin is not allowed, since it conjures up wrong connotations among consumers.
September 1, 2013 By HG.org
One of the most difficult situations for parents with special needs children can be ensuring that those children get the education to which they are entitled. Some children experience difficulties in school, ranging from problems with concentration, learning, language, and perception to problems with behavior and/or making and keeping friends. Others have more serious problems, including physical or psychiatric disorders, emotional problems, or learning disorders.
August 30, 2013 By HG.org
Considered by many to be the most important rights established by the United States Constitution, the First Amendment rights cover some of the most fundamental freedoms Americans enjoy. They include free speech, press, religion, petition, and assembly. These rights are fiercely protected but also not without limitation.
August 18, 2013 By HG.org
The quick answer is everyone is protected from employment discrimination. But, more specifically, who are the protected classes? Which businesses are subject to employment discrimination standards? What constitutes discrimination?
August 14, 2013 By HG.org
One very often used tool in the law enforcement tool box is the power to intimidate citizens into voluntarily giving up their rights, usually without even realizing they are doing it.
August 14, 2013 By HG.org
Defamation is when someone tells one or more persons an untruth about you, and that untruth harms your reputation. Defamation is the general term, while slander and libel refer to particular types of defamation. Libel is a written defamation, and slander is verbal. There are three key factors to consider when deciding whether a defamatory statement should be taken to court.
August 13, 2013 By Patrick Mirandah Co.
Of all human rights, privacy can be one of the most difficult to balance. This is exacerbated by the Internet where free, easy and voluntary dissemination of information is routine both in the business and privately.
August 5, 2013 By CSB Advocates
In order to adapt the EU payments market to the opportunities of the single market and to support the growth of the EU economy, the European Commission adopted a package on 24th July 2013.
August 2, 2013 By The Meyers Law Group, PC
Information about same sex marriage in New York and the ways in which a family law attorney can assist same sex couples with their legal issues.
July 15, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
A “processing fee” agreed within the framework of general terms and conditions for a loan grant can potentially be invalid.
July 2, 2013 By Angela Wang & Co.
The New Guidance on Direct Marketing issued by the Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data provides practical guidance on data users’ compliance with the new regulatory requirements for direct marketing under the new Part VIA of Hong Kong’s Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance which came into effect on 1 April 2013.
July 1, 2013 By Freidin, Dobrinsky, Brown & Rosenblum, PA
It is a fraud on consumers to create labels that do not accurately reflect the ingredients in a food item, including using “evaporated cane juice” to denote sugar content that is really no different than refined white sugar.
June 26, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
It has been confirmed again and again in the jurisprudence of the Federal Labour Court (BAG) that the potentially very tight deadlines in labour law must be imperatively adhered to.
June 14, 2013 By Ticket911.ca
Here some good advices regarding your behavior during a sobriety check by the police to avoid you being catch off-guards.
June 13, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
A company with limited liability (GmbH/Ltd.) can be established with commercial, non-commercial or non-material intended purposes.
June 7, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
If a businessman purchases a defective item from another businessman, he can demand the delivery of the defective item within the framework of his claim for supplementary performance, but not the reimbursement of any additional costs.
June 6, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
Corporation tax is a particular form of income tax that is paid by corporations, legal persons and estates.
June 4, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
A developer is someone who himself or through a third party has a building project implemented at their own or someone else’s expense and is legally and commercially responsible for this.
May 29, 2013 By GRP Rainer LLP
The dismissal of an employee on grounds of suspicion had been decided in the judgment dated 25 October 2012 (Ref.: 2 AZR 700/11) by the German Federal Labour Court (BAG).
May 27, 2013 By Michael Chambers & Co. LLC
The judicial proceedings against the haircut on Laiki and Bank of Cyprus’ depositors are ongoing. The objective of the applications filed for judicial review is to annul the governmental decrees by which deposits in excess of €100.000 in Laiki and BoC were subjected to massive reductions.