Civil Rights Law Articles

Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide
discussing legal aspects related to Civil Rights.




How to Avoid Trade-In Auto Fraud

  October 23, 2014     By Law Offices of Kenneth Hiller, PLLC
Trading in your old car to help pay for a new one at the dealership may seem like a good way to shave off the cost of a new car. However, not all trade-in transactions are handled in an honest manner, and this can lead to unfortunate results for consumers.

Breach of Trust in the UAE

  October 22, 2014     By Al Rowaad Advocates & Legal Consultancy
Five points you should know about breach of trust before you accuse somebody

Surrogate Mother from the Ukraine: Legal Grounds

  October 21, 2014     By Kydalov & Partners
It is not a secret that an average childbearing age in the developed countries has significantly increased. Many people in developed countries live for a long time "for him(her)self" and start thinking about children only at the age of 40. And if such an age is not a problem for a man, a woman, even with modern medicine, may have some difficulties with the childbirth. In most cases the surrogacy is the only way.

Travel Operator Breaks Price Agreements with Agent

  October 10, 2014     By AMS Advocaten
Partnerships between agents and principals in agency relationships don’t always go smoothly. In this case, a dispute arose between a travel agent and a travel operator related to ‘price manipulation’.

I Would Like to Change My Defense Lawyer. How Can I Do This?

  September 22, 2014     By HG.org
At times, a criminal defendant may find that he or she is not satisfied with the attorney that was hired for one reason or another. Generally speaking, a defendant who has been appointed a public defender or who hired a private attorney can fire the original attorney and hire a new private attorney when he or she wants to do so. Usually, the defendant does not need court approval in order to take this action. However, there may be consequences to taking this action.

Amended Tax Return in the Event of Tax Evasion: Tax Liability Must Be Discharged Quickly

  September 17, 2014     By GRP Rainer LLP
If someone has evaded taxes and would like to submit an amended tax return leading to immunity from punishment, they should have sufficient liquidity. The tax liability must be discharged within a short timescale.

Do I Have a Criminal Case? How to Determine if My Situation Is a Case for a Lawyer

  September 15, 2014     By HG.org
While many criminal defendants decide to plead guilty early in the process in order to save time or to get a deal with the prosecutor, there are many times when it is reasonable to consult with a criminal defense lawyer. If one of the following applies to you, consider speaking with a criminal defense lawyer.

Do I Have a Civil Lawsuit Case? How to Determine if My Situation Is a Case for a Lawyer?

  September 11, 2014     By HG.org
If you have been injured in another accident that was caused by another party, you may be able to pursue a civil lawsuit against the responsible party. However, a lawyer may evaluate certain factors of your case to determine whether or not to take your case.

I Cannot Pay for a Lawyer. What Should I Do?

  September 9, 2014     By HG.org
Most people do not anticipate that they will need an attorney and as such do not save for such an expensive need. While many lawyers charge hundreds of dollars per hour for their services, there are a few options available for individuals who are unable to pay for an attorney.

Cancelling Life Insurance Policies: Instruction on Cancellation is Decisive

  August 28, 2014     By GRP Rainer LLP
Whether a life insurance policy can still be cancelled years later depends to a large extent on whether the policyholder’s possibilities of cancellation were properly explained to him.

Ship Funds: World Trade Losing Momentum

  August 26, 2014     By GRP Rainer LLP
World trade, important for merchant shipping and thus also those investing in ship funds, appears to be losing momentum. This is demonstrated by the current figures.

Up Close and Personal: The Malaysian Personal Data Protection Act

  August 20, 2014     By Donovan & Ho
The Malaysian Personal Data Protection Act 2010 (“the Act”) came into force on 15 November 2013. With it, businesses in Malaysia are now faced with additional responsibilities and requirements when it comes to dealing with personal data of their employees, suppliers, and customers. This article summarizes the key issues to note under the Act.

Your Rights as a Consumer in Malta

  August 4, 2014     By CSB Advocates
When purchasing a product in terms of the Maltese Consumer Affairs Act, consumers have clear-cut legal rights. The warranty provided by the supplier or the manufacturer cannot curtail or negatively affect the consumer’s rights.

Due Diligence Review Essential for Larger Transactions

In the case of larger transactions, including in particular the acquisition of companies, shares in companies or investment property such as real estate, a careful risk assessment is indispensable. This kind of due diligence review provides all the relevant information for the planned purchase.

Civil Justice for New York Crime Victims

Injured victims of crime can use civil lawsuits to seek justice, hold responsible parties accountable, prevent future crimes, and obtain the financial resources victims need to rebuild their lives.

Wisconsin Voter ID Law Struck Down-What Could That Mean For Virginia?

A strict Voter ID law was struck down in Wisconsin, just as Virginia prepares to implement its own similar law.

Judge Strikes Down Teacher Tenure in California

California education employment codes found unconstitutional. Tenure struck down.

The UAE Competition Law (Federal Law Number 4 of 2012)

The UAE Competition law published in October 2012 and aims at regulating business and trading entities operating within the United Arab Emirates. The Competition law safeguards rights and interests of consumers at large and also aims at maintaining market sentiments.

The Scent of Jasmine

I rose to shake hands with my client and asked her to sit down. You see, at first I didn’t recognize her. It was only when I glanced down at her hand and saw the ring that I knew it was she. An old and now estranged friend had given it to her.

Law for the Protection of Personal Data and its Rulings in Costa Rica

The Rulings of the Protection of Personal Data Information Law were enacted on March 5th, 2013, which entered into force on the same date. This new regulation pretends to ensure the implementation of the above-mentioned law, by assigning the “Agencia de Protección de Datos de los Habitantes (PRODHAB)” as the competent authority to hear complaints, being responsible for implementing this new liability regime.

Is Apple in Breach of EU Consumer Rights Law?

On the 13th May 2014 the Norwegian Consumer Council lodged a complaint against Apple with Norway’s Consumer Ombudsman. According to the complaint, Apple’s iCloud service violates European consumer law by allowing Apple to change its terms and conditions at any time without giving notice to its customers.

Five Points You Should Know About the Cheques (Checks) in the UAE

The payment of the cheque (check in American English) should not be conditional. Whereas, if the payment of the cheque was related to some conditions, and those conditions were not fulfilled, the cheque will still remain due on its date

Cheques (Checks) in the UAE

Cheque (Check in American English) is a replacement for money. It is one of the most common methods to execute payments especially in commercial transactions. Since a cheque is meant to replace money, people must have trust in it. Therefore the UAE penal law levied a punishment against anyone issuing insufficient funds its due date. Such a crime is known as the bounce cheque crime.

The Change Of Company Object Of A GmbH (limited liability company) Can Be Considered A Re-establishment

On 03.06.2012, the Federal Supreme Court (BGH) held that the resumption of business operations associated with a new company object should be classified as an economic re-establishment. This must be disclosed to the court of registration; otherwise liability was likely to arise.

Limitation Of Employment Contracts And Termination

Since coming into effect in the year 2000, the Labour Court Acceleration Act changed procedural rules of the Labour Court Act, but also set down an important new provision in substantive labour law. Its goal is to simplify and speed up labour court proceedings.

Regulations Of Commission In The Standard Business Terms (AGB) For Trade Representative Contracts

Trade agents contractual commission regulations can be ineffective if they are contradictory according to § 307 para. 1 sentence 2 BGB (Federal code of law).

Prospectus Liability

Prospectuses on investment opportunities are designed to provide investors with essential information for their investment decisions. Therefore, the prospectus must fully and accurately inform potential investors or purchasers about all circumstances of the offered investment model that are relevant or may be essential to his or her decision. In the case of negligence, improper or fraudulent misrepresentation in a prospectus, liability for the prospectus might arise.

New Judgment Regarding The Liability In A GmbH

In this present case the Federal Court of Justice of Germany was concerned with the question of the shareholders’ liability in a GmbH in case of an economic re-establishment.

Two-person Ltd Liability Company: Requirements for the Dismissal of One of the Two Managing Partners

An important reason for dismissal and immediate termination of the service contract of managing directors of limited liability companies who are shareholders is given when the relationship between the two directors is profoundly disrupted and a normal cooperation is no longer possible. Prerequisite is that the managing director to be dismissed has significantly contributed to the discord. The fault or even preponderant fault of said director is not required.

Voter ID Law Strike Down a Victory for Justice

When a federal judge ruled that a voter ID law citing it violated the U.S. Constitution’s guarantee of equal protection, they upheld the rights of all in the face of political motives.

Supreme Court Upholds Michigan Ban on Affirmative Action

A common law system (one where previous court opinions define the meaning of the law) can be very useful. It can also result in some rather bizarre arguments being taken seriously, and even garnering the support of some members of the Supreme Court. Case in point: the plaintiffs position in Schuette v BAMN which the Supreme Court decided this week.

Commission Regulations In The AGB For Trade Representative Contracts

Trade agents contractual commission regulations can be ineffective according to § 307 para. 1 sentence 2 BGB (Federal code of law) if they are contradictory.

Remedies Against EU Sanctions Targeting Russian and Ukrainian Officials

  By Lorenz
In the wake of new turmoil in eastern regions of Ukraine, the European Union has decided to expand the list of sanctioned persons subject to a freezing of their assets. Irrespective of a number of exemptions provided for in the relevant EU Regulations, the sanctioned persons have the possibility of challenging the freezing measures before the EU Courts in Luxembourg.

Unpaid Income Tax Establishes Liability Of The Managing Director Of A GmbH – Company Law

In terms of the overall responsibility, a managing director is also liable for the income tax of employed workers that is not paid to the tax office.

Notices Of Termination and Fixed-Term Employment Contracts Only in Writing

Since 01/05/2000, the Labour Court Acceleration Act is in force, a law to simplify and speed up labour court proceedings.

Combined Offers in Advertising - Germany

Combined offers are when merchandise, often of high quality, is offered at an extremely low price and only in connection with the purchase of a main product. This sales method is increasingly used by some companies as a marketing strategy.

Regulations Of Commission For Trade Representative Contracts

The contractual commission regulations of trade agents can be invalid if they are contradictory.

Collecting Debts In Germany

Trust is good, control is better. This is especially true when making the first delivery to a new customer. A lawyer can support your company by assessing customer creditworthiness. Experienced lawyers will also discuss strategies to protect you against the risk of default.

Dealing with Harassment from Debt Collectors

The Texas Debt Collection Act and the Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act prohibit debt collectors from taking certain actions when dealing with alleged debtors. They also provide remedies for people when collectors fail to comply with the statutes. This article is to help you determine whether a debt collector has violated the law and what you can do about it.

In Principle No Right To Restitution Of A Legacy Gifted During Lifetime – Law Of Succession

A legatee is only entitled to restitution of a legacy gifted during the lifetime of the testator under special circumstances.

Incorrect Turnover Projections Can Justify Damages Claims – Franchise Law

If a franchisee is not informed that turnover projections are based merely upon estimations then it is entitled to damages claims with respect to the turnover figures that have not been achieved.

Putting College Back in Prisons

Going to prison should not mean the end of someone’s potential. However, upon re-entering society, many released prisoners find fewer opportunities than when they entered the prison system.

Advisor Has To Demonstrate Any Disclosure Of Errors In Leaflets – Capital Market Law

Advisors must elucidate mistakes or information gaps in leaflets; otherwise, there has been a consultation error. The burden of proof for the disclosure lies with the advisor.

Five Things You Should Know About The Do Not Call Registry in Singapore

The Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) of 2012 governs the collection, use and disclosure of personal data by private organisations. It establishes a Do Not Call (DNC) Registry, which came into effect on 2 January 2014. Here are five things you need to know about the DNC.

Termination By Regular Notice Due To Tax Evasion Of Employee Effective – Labour Law

Termination by regular notice of an employment relationship is effective if the employee makes use of an illegal accounting method to increase his earnings.

Incomplete Disclosure Regarding Refunds With Respect to Ship Funds MT “Margara” – Capital Market Law

The Regional Court of Hamburg awarded damages to an investor of the ship funds MT “Margara” because the latter was not informed about refunds.

Termination Of A Compliance Manager in Regards to Monitoring Measures

Circumstances may lead to the termination of a compliance manager when it comes to monitoring measures taken with regard to an employee.

Liability of Managing Director Due to Erroneous Information in Share Deal – M&A

If false information is provided or erroneous guaranties given in the context of a share deal, liability on the part of the managing director(s) is possible.

Manufacturers Should Be Considerate Of The Distributor’s Interests – Distribution Law

A manufacturer should reasonably accommodate the needs of the distributor worthy of protection and not contravene its interests without justifiable cause.

Heirs Don’t Need A Certificate Of Inheritance To Correct The Land Register – Law Of Succession

Where there is a public testamentary deed, the land registry office can correct the land register even in the absence of a certificate of inheritance.

Suspicion Of Personal Enrichment Can Justify An Extraordinary Dismissal – Employment Law

The Hamburg Labour Court recently ruled that the strong suspicion of credit memos belonging to a business being used for private purposes can justify an extraordinary dismissal.

Surf’s Up: New Consumer Directive Makes some Waves - Malta

In Europe, online sales are set to reach 191 billion Euro by the year 2017. Faced with these numbers, businesses simply cannot afford to pass up the opportunities presented to them by online channels. Neither can they afford to remain in the dark about developments in the e-commerce regulatory sector. The ever-changing landscape of the world market necessitates a fast reaction time and a keen adaptability for businesses to remain relevant.

The Development of Child Rights Law in the UAE

A series of federal and local laws were developed with the purpose of regulating relations and ensuring the stability of transactions and the safety of society.

Taxpayer Standing Can Provide a Bulwark Against Government Overreach in California

In California any taxpayer can bring a lawsuit to stop the implementation of a law that she believes is unconstitutional provided that she is a resident taxpayer of the area affected and public funds will be spent to implement the challenged law.

Shelby County v. Holder and the Constitutionality of Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act

Appeals Lawyers Analyze Shelby County v. Holder and the Constitutionality of Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act.

9th Circuit Court of Appeals to Decide a Major Occupational Licensing Case

Appeals lawyers assess Underwood v. Mackay - whether occupational licensing applicants must submit to all licensing procedures and be denied a license before they can challenge the constitutionality of those procedures in court.

The Unfortunate Rise of Civil Asset Forfeiture

The rise of civil asset forfeiture as a means of increasing government revenues.

California Cities May Soon Snub the Constitution by Seizing Underwater Mortgages

Eminent domain lawyers analyze California cities seizing underwater mortgages through eminent domain.

10 Privacy Laws To Speed Read Before You Record Your Ex

When facing a contested divorce situation, husbands and wives are tempted to record each other with the hope to improve their individual divorce outcome. This article is a reminder that while your high tech gizmo may enable you to intercept some valuable dirt on your ex, privacy law likely prohibits it.

Regarding the Hygienic Requirements for Infant Formula Products - Ukraine

Ministry of Health of Ukraine (hereinafter - the Ministry of Health of Ukraine) issued the Order № 696 from 06.08.2013 that approves hygiene requirements for infant formula products (hereinafter - the hygiene requirements).

What Does the Law Say About Using Someone's Webcam or Computer Microphone to Spy on Them?

  By HG.org
In our modern, connected age, it seems everyone has a tablet or laptop computer that they use on a daily basis. These computers usually have built in webcams and microphones which, while very useful for legitimate purposes like video calls, can also be a vehicle for embarrassment, identity theft, and spying on your most intimate moments. So, what does the law have to say about using someone's webcam or computer microphone to spy on them?

An Informative Website Does Not Constitute Anti-Competitive Sales Promotion – Competition Law

Operating a purely informative website is not to be regarded as a business transaction, not even when it contains a link that points to the page of an online shop.

Clandestine Employment And Entitlement To Contractual Fees – Employment Law

The Superior Court (OLG) of Schleswig, in a decision of August 13, 2013 (File number: 1 U 24/13) ruled that an “under the table” worker is not entitled to claim contractual fees from his presumed contract partner or under a “special arrangement”.

Internet Providers Can Be Required To Block Websites That Infringe Copyright – Copyright Law

In his final submissions of November 26, 2013, the Advocate General at the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) explained that Internet providers may under certain circumstances be required by law to block websites that infringe copyright (File number: C-314/12).

PRC Data Privacy Laws in a Nutshell

Notwithstanding the reasoning, companies in China have yet another amorphous compliance bugbear to obey. Given the inconsistent state of existing data privacy rules and recent dicta that position personal data at the epicenter of the data protection maelstrom, one might think it counter-intuitive, if not disingenuous, that there is no legally authoritative definition of “personal data” under Chinese law.

Five Common Myths About the American Justice System

  By HG.org
Much of what most people know about the American justice system is derived from television and movies. Unfortunately, these are entertainment and not as focused on conveying the truth about the legal system as delivering a compelling story. Even the news has a tendency to “spin” the truth in a way that makes it more interesting to the audience in order to increase the audience. As a result, here are 5 common myths about the American justice system:

Are There Laws in the U.S. Against Importing Goods Made by Child Labor or Slaves?

  By HG.org
Ever stopped and wondered where your various household goods came from? Not just the country of origin, but who actually worked to produce it? Most products, even those from other countries, are produced by adults, and though their standard of living may be different than that of their counterparts in America, they are working of their own free will. However, some products and services, even today, are still being produced by children and forced labor.

Are Same-Sex Couples Entitled to Share Employment Benefits?

  By HG.org
Traditionally, one benefit of marriage was being able to share in a spouse's employment benefits, like health, vision, and dental insurance. Unfortunately, many same-sex couples have struggled for years to receive the same level of benefits and even the right to be married. With more and more jurisdictions recognizing same-sex marriages, are employers now required to provide same-sex couples with the same level of benefits as heterosexual couples?

Are 3D Printed Plastic Guns Legal?

  By HG.org
The arrival of 3D printing technology has led to some amazing new possibilities for things like replicating broken parts, creating amazing works of 3D art, and manufacturing entire items from patters found online. But, as is usually the case with any new technology, someone finds a way to use it for something sinister. Several creators invented 3D printed plastic guns and made plans available online. But, are these 3D printed plastic guns legal?

How Does the U.S. No Fly List Work?

  By HG.org
Following the terrorist attacks on 9/11, the U.S. federal government enacted a number of measures meant to combat the threat of terrorism on American soil. Among these measures was the implementation of the No Fly List, created and maintained by the Terrorist Screening Center (TSC). Often the subject of jokes in TV shows and movies, many wonder what it really is and how it works. So, how does the U.S. No Fly List actually work?

American Gun Culture

In order to find ways to prevent terrible acts of violence from guns, and to reconcile those acts with our deeply-ingrained gun culture, we must first make steps to understand that culture.

Who or What Can Legally be Considered a Person

  By HG.org
Since the dawn of civilization, there has been an ongoing philosophical and political debate about who or what can legally be considered a person. Traditionally, this took on the debate of whether certain human minority groups should be afforded the same rights and obligations as those in power. But, the debate has shifted in recent years to one involving non-humans. So, what makes a “person,” legally speaking.

How Do The Law and Social Media Intersect?

  By HG.org
Finding someone who does not have a Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn, or other social media profile is getting harder to do. Granted, there are still a few stalwart holdouts, but the vast majority of Americans use social media everyday (in fact, you may have come across this article in your social media feed). With social networking such a huge part of our lives, are there any social media laws? How are common legal issues resolved when they occur in a social network?

What is Sharia Law and How Does it Apply in America

  By HG.org
Sharia law is the Islamic system of moral codes that govern all aspects of Muslim life. Since 9/11, a wave of anti-Sharia legislation has swept across America. But what is Sharia law, and is it really something that Americans should be concerned about? Is anti-Sharia law actually more dangerous to American freedoms than the moral code it seeks to prohibit?

What Are The Laws Regarding Declaring War?

  By HG.org
Since its inception, the U.S. has been required to take military action of one sort or another under every president and administration, even before the United States of America had a Constitution. Since the creation of the U.S. Constitution, however, the United States has had laws regarding declaring war. Certain military actions can be taken without formal declarations of war, others cannot. So what are the laws regarding declaring war?

Dismissal Of A Long-Time Employee Due To Illness – Labour Law Germany

The dismissal for reasons of a long-time employee because of long periods of absence due to illness may be subject to strict requirements.

Unauthorized Publication of Photos Justifies Claim for a Notional License Fee – Germany

If photos are published without authorization, this is a violation of the right of owning one’s own image. The persons depicted are entitled to receive payment of a license fee.

Agreement To A Divorce May Mean That A Spouse Loses The Right To Inherit – Law Of Succession

A spouse has no right of inheritance if the other partner dies while divorce proceedings are underway and he/she has already agreed to a divorce.

California Passes Bill to Help LGBT Senior Citizens

California recently passed legislation that will help LGBT elders to receive respectful care in their twilight years.

Do Animals Have Rights?

  By HG.org
Many have heard of people who hold themselves out as “animal rights activists,” but what does that really mean? Can animals really have rights? If so, how do they exercise them and what are they? Obviously they can not be the same as human rights or anyone who had a burger would be an accomplice to murder, so what is protected?

Do Native American Indians Have Special Rights?

  By HG.org
Many have wondered as they drive along the road and see signs for so-called Indian Casinos how this could be legal in a state that otherwise outlaws such forms of gambling? Others may have heard of Native Americans having their own tribal laws and police and wondered if these are separate and apart from the laws of non-Indians in the area. Do Native Americans have special rights that other American citizens do not?

Is It Legal For Someone to Share Your Revealing Photos or Videos for Revenge on the Internet

  By HG.org
In this modern digital age, it is often common for romantic partners, particularly those in long distance relationships, to exchange revealing photos of one another. These photos are often intended for the eyes of the receiver only. But, how can you be sure? What happens if you break up or the other person turns out to be less discrete than you had hoped? Is it illegal for someone to share those photos with others?

What is the Difference Between a Human Right and a Civil Right?

  By HG.org
Have you ever wondered what the difference was between a human right and a civil right? After all, if some Americans had to fight to obtain civil rights as recently as the late 20th Century, what are all of these human rights we and other nations are enforcing in other countries through military action? Is there a difference between the two terms?

No Time Limit In Trademark Delimitation Agreements – Trademark Law

Unless a trademark delimitation agreement concluded between two competing companies for the marketing of a product states otherwise, no time limit applies.

Expert Opinion Comparing Handwriting In Cases Of Doubt As To Whether A Will Is Authentic And Holographic

Doubt as to whether a personally signed will is authentic and holographic can be removed with the help of an opinion comparing handwriting.

What is Affirmative Action and Why Was it Created?

  By HG.org
Most people have seen the effects of affirmative action in one place or another. For example, most job and school applications now ask a person's racial and ethnic background, gender, and veteran status. But what is affirmative action really, and why was it created?

Where Can I Carry a Gun on a College Campus?

  By HG.org
Over the last decade, stories of shootings on college campuses have dotted the headlines. This has led many to call for legalizing the carrying of guns on campuses. Of course, this has also created a serious backlash against guns on campuses, leading many to ask if this is the answer or just a way to contribute to the problem. So where is it legal to carry a gun on a college campus?

How Much Can You Legally Get Away With Saying to a Cop?

  By HG.org
Admit it, you have probably thought about it. What can you legally say to a cop and get away with it? Maybe an officer pulled you over on the wrong day, maybe you distrust cops, or maybe you just like living on the edge. Whatever your reasoning, you might be surprised to find out that getting a little mouthy is not technically an automatic one way trip to jail.

Can Bad Food Be a Violation of the Eighth Amendment Prohibition of Cruel and Unusual Punishment?

  By HG.org
For those who have never been to prison, considerations of prison food are probably not high on the list of concerns about prison conditions. But, many a prisoner has suffered through daily rations of “nutriloaf” and probably has a very different take on the matter.

When Does the Geneva Convention Apply?

  By HG.org
Often an argument raised by inmates or others who feel they have been wronged but are not sure what rights to call upon, the Geneva Conventions are frequently misidentified as the source of a variety of “rights” one does not have. The Geneva Conventions are actually a series of agreements, not a single document, and among the most misapplied by legal novices. So when do the Geneva Conventions really apply?

Do Inmates Have Rights? If So, What Are They?

  By HG.org
Obviously, going to jail or prison involves having one's rights curtailed. But, that does not mean inmates in the United States are without basic human rights. Even the most hardened criminal has basic rights protected by the U.S. Constitution. If you or someone you know may be facing incarceration, you should know your rights, or what your friend or loved one's rights are or will be while behind bars.

What is the Difference Between Jail and Prison?

  By HG.org
Incarceration of any kind is designed to be an unpleasant experience. But, the policies, rights, and daily life of an inmate can be very different between these two types of institutions. So, what is the difference between jail and prison.

When Is The Obligation To Compensate Under A Partnership Agreement Contrary To common Practice?

To decide whether provisions under a partnership agreement are contrary to common practice, it is necessary to take all the circumstances into account that were relevant when the agreement was signed.

Do You Have a Right to Privacy?

  By HG.org
Frequently, we hear people refer to a right to privacy, and many surveys even show that most Americans even believe that it is a specific right under the Constitution (though they cannot agree as to which amendment it is). In reality, there is no amendment that specifically protects privacy, though it has been recognized in several U.S. Supreme Court cases.

Is Body Paint Considered Clothing

  By HG.org
Many have wondered whether body paint is sufficient covering to be considered clothing such that a person could not be arrested for public nudity. This question becomes popular particularly around holidays like Halloween, but has often come up with relation to art projects, political protests, and even sporting events. As with so many things in the law, the answer is unsatisfactorily vague.

Impermissibility Of Unfounded Time-limitation Even When Longer than Three Years Since Restriction

The unfounded restriction of an employment relationship is impermissible even when it is longer than three years since the time-limitation.

Where is Same-Sex Marriage Legal in the United States?

  By HG.org
For years, gay and lesbian couples have fought for the right to have their relationships legally recognized like heterosexual couples. Unfortunately, as with most civil rights movements, the march towards equal rights for those of different sexual orientations has been a long and difficult one. Nevertheless, several states have recently taken to recognizing same-sex marriages over the last few years, opening the door to a new era of equality for these individuals.

Advertising With Third-Party Brand Names Not Allowed – Trademark Law

A trademark owner can enforce injunctive relief if a business uses a third-party trademark as part of its own advertising.

Promotional Advertising Of Dental Services Is Anti-Competitive – Competition Law

In the view of the Regional Court of Cologne, offering dental services and their prices via an online coupon portal constitutes anti-competitive conduct.

What Happens if I Am Not Read My Rights?

  By HG.org
We have all seen police shows where, immediately upon arrest, a police officer begins telling the suspect “you have the right to remain silent...” The list of rights the officer is about to recite are known as Miranda Rights. So what happens if the officer does not read you your Miranda Rights at the time of arrest?


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