HG.org Legal Resources

Civil Rights Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Civil Rights.


How a Defendant’s Grand Jury Testimony Can Be Used at Trial

  July 25, 2016     By HG.org
Anything that a defendant says has the potential to be used against him or her in a criminal trial. This includes the testimony that he or she provides during grand jury testimony. The criminal defense lawyer representing the defendant should remain cognizant of this possibility and take proactive steps to protect the defendant’s legal rights.

Withdraw from Loans, Reduce Interest Burden in Germany

  July 25, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
Playing the get-out-of-jail-free card and withdrawing from expensive real estate loans is still possible until June 21 without consumers having to pay an early repayment penalty.

Guidelines for Child Porn Sentences on a Federal Level

  July 22, 2016     By HG.org
The increasing crimes of owning, creating and distributing child pornography are difficult for the federal government to keep up with. Despite the harsh penalties for conviction of these crimes, the number of offenders has been increasing for years. Mandatory minimum sentences are in effect for these crimes, and the United States Congress has created sentences that keep lengthening.

A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words: New North Carolina Law Regarding Body and Dash Cam Footage

  July 22, 2016     By Lincoln Derr PLLC
In North Carolina, footage from a law enforcement officer’s body or dashboard cameras is not considered a public record or personnel record according to a recently passed law that goes into effect October 1. North Carolina joins five other states—Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Oregon, and South Carolina— in making this determination.

Supreme Court Addresses Breathalyzer Tests

  July 22, 2016     By Law Offices of Edward G. Appel
The U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled that a North Dakota DUI law making it a crime to refuse a “deep-lung” breath test is unconstitutional.

Last Legs For Get-Out-of-Jail-Free Card – Loan Withdrawal Possible Until June 21, 2016 in Germany

  July 21, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
Anyone who withdraws from a real estate loan concluded between 2002 and 2010 stands to potentially benefit from low interest rates and save a lot of money. Having said that, withdrawal only remains an option until June 21, 2016.

The Problem of Disabled Prisoners

  July 20, 2016     By Hebets & McCallin
On July 26 the Americans with Disabilities Act turns 26 years old. This civil rights act not only barred discrimination against those with disabilities but advanced services, accommodations and access across all public agencies.

Withdrawal Worthwhile Both in the Case of Outstanding and Repaid Loans in Germany

  July 20, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
Withdrawal can prove to be an extremely attractive proposition from a financial perspective, even for consumers whose loans have already been paid off. That being said, withdrawal should certainly be carried out before June 21, 2016.

After Arrest, What Do the Police Require?

  July 15, 2016     By HG.org
Law enforcement officers often arrest citizens for various reasons in different manners. During the arrest itself, it is important to stay calm, remain peaceful as cuffs are tightened, follow orders to get in the vehicle and ensure all behavior is completed in a composed manner. There is no reason to allow any possible incrimination or potential penalties for negative behavior when being arrested.

Intricacies of Police Investigations

  July 9, 2016     By HG.org
Often the best legal advice given in cases involving criminal law is to remain silent when a police investigation begins. This is often said for those that have been suspected of any crime. It does not matter if the individual is a suspect, a subject involved or someone that may have witnessed the crime.

Fight Online Libel in the Philippines

  July 11, 2016     By Respicio & Co. Law Firm
Internet postings are subject to Philippine jurisdiction. Under Section 21 of the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 (Republic Act No. 10175), jurisdiction shall lie if any of the elements of the libel was committed within the Philippines. One of the elements of libel is publication of the charge. If the posts are published and accessible in the country, Philippines has jurisdiction.

Denial of Entry into the Philippines Must Not Be Arbitrary

  July 11, 2016     By Respicio & Co. Law Firm
While the immigration officers have the prerogative to decline entry of foreigners, they must do so without arbitrariness, that is, the ground for refusal must be among those provided by law.

Protecting Consumer Rights in Bangladesh

  July 6, 2016     By Mahbub & Company
Consumer protection is a vital, but often ignored, issue in developing countries, and Bangladesh is no exception. However, in a country like Bangladesh, with a rapidly growing consumer-base, protection measures for consumers are of paramount importance. This has now necessitated giving high priority for the protection of the consumers and promotion of a responsible consumer movement in Bangladesh.

Withdrawal from Loans: OLG Nürnberg Bolsters Consumer Rights in Germany

  July 6, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
There have been many instances of banks and savings banks using ambiguous statements in guidance on the right of withdrawal regarding the commencement of the withdrawal period. Consequently, it is still possible to withdraw from these loans even years after they were taken out in most cases.

Internet Privacy

  July 3, 2016     By Eichen, Crutchlow, Zaslow & McElroy, LLP
Technology is evolving at a pace that is difficult to keep up with, especially in the area of laws protecting privacy. When the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) was established in 1986, it was a much different world than today. Computers and email exchanges were just beginning to be used by businesses and consumers, making the laws sufficient.

Delaware Bill for Homosexuality as Marital "Misconduct"

  July 1, 2016     By Huesman, Jones and Miles, LLC
A bill recently proposed in Delaware could have an impact on how other states consider homosexuality when a couple declares legal grounds for divorce. In order to file for divorce in Delaware, an individual must file a Petition for Divorce, where they declare a specific “grounds” upon which the divorce is being sought. Delaware courts can enter a decree of divorce if they find that a marriage is irretrievably broken, which is characterized in part by one spouse’s misconduct

Mandatory Childhood Vaccinations in Illinois

  June 30, 2016     By HG.org
In order to be enrolled, many states require students to provide proof of immunization to attend school, including Illinois. Until recently, parents were permitted to excuse their children due to medical or religious explanations. For religious exemption of this requirement, a letter from a parent to the school administration was all that was needed stating the children’s vaccination violates religious beliefs held by the family. Medical exemption could be proven with a letter from the doctor.

Gun Laws in Colorado

  June 29, 2016     By Hebets & McCallin
The Denver Post recently reported that applications for concealed carry permits have skyrocketed in Colorado this year. Some say this is a response to mass shootings, like the recent tragedies in Paris, San Bernardino, Colorado Springs and Orlando, others argue that this kind of increased access to weapons is part of the problem. Regardless of how you feel about guns, Coloradans should know what the rules are in our state.

Countdown for Loan Withdrawal in Germany: Take Action by June 21 Deadline

  June 28, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
The countdown is on for withdrawing from real estate loans. The deadline for withdrawing from legacy contracts is June 21, 2016. After this date, the so-called “ewiges Widerrufsrecht” (perpetual right of withdrawal) will cease to exist.

Electronic Records and Patient Safety

  June 25, 2016     By HG.org
Guidelines have been put in place for healthcare professionals and staff in medical facilities that require that standards are followed closely. These guidelines are to provide proper treatment and avoid medical malpractice as much as possible. One standard is to provide safety of medical records and privacy. A physician may be held liable for breaching a patient’s confidentiality.

New EU Regulation Regarding Data Protection

  June 24, 2016     By Dixcart Legal Limited
A new EU regulation regarding data protection came into force on 24 May 2016 and, following a two year transition period, it will apply to all member states from 25 May 2018. This is known as the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”). It replaces the existing EU Directive 95/46/EC. As this is a “regulation” and not a “directive” it will apply in the UK without the need for any further implementation by Parliament.

Bad Stops in the Wake of Utah v. Strieff

  June 27, 2016     By Fay & Grafton
Utah v. Strieff was a festering [sore] of a decision that will undoubtedly be used by prosecutors all over the country to overcome bad stops when additional evidence is found following an unlawful seizure. It should, however, be read as a narrow decision applying only to cases where the evidence sought to be used is entirely unconnected to the stop.

OLG Frankfurt: Unclear Commencement of Term Renders Guidance on Right of Withdrawal Ineffective in Germany

  June 23, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
If the guidance on the right of withdrawal in a loan agreement includes the words “die Widerrufsfrist beginnt frühestens mit Erhalt dieser Belehrung” (the withdrawal period shall commence at the earliest upon receipt of this guidance), withdrawal is likely to be an option.

Loan Withdrawal Comes to the Attention of the BGH in Germany

  June 22, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
Another hearing before the Bundesgerichtshof (BGH), Germany’s Federal Court of Justice, concerning withdrawal from consumer loans has been scheduled for May 24 (XI ZR 366/15). The BGH will then have to rule on an appeal brought by a bank.

Consumer Credit Advertisements in Poland

  June 20, 2016     By Lewandowski Gradek Lewandowska IPLaw Office
Since the worldwide economy crisis of 2008, we are living in the time of rising distrust towards banks and similar financial institutions. Banks have never been so closely and attentively observed, not only by the government and numerous non-governmental organizations specializing in consumer protection but also by consumers themselves. That is why it’s in the bank’s best interest to know and follow the regulations pertaining different forms of bank’s activities.

The Newest Changes in the Polish Competition Law Have Entered into Force Mid-April 2016

  June 20, 2016     By Lewandowski Gradek Lewandowska IPLaw Office
The focus of said novelization lies on the protection of consumers, and its aim is to strengthen consumers’ position in their relations with the entrepreneurs by giving the customers more tools to secure their interests. Below are the most important of the recent changes.

How Far Away Can I Keep My Service Animal According to ADA?

  June 17, 2016     By HG.org
People with a disability are permitted to use service animals and those used for support for many reasons based on the situation. Federal rights and laws specify the regulations and allowances of these animals when in service. Some states have additional laws that add to the meaning of a service animal. Some laws allow more freedom and a closer proximity of the animal to the agent.

Right to Die Law Raises Questions of Disability Discrimination in California

  June 17, 2016     By Felahy Employment Lawyers
California's so-called right to die law went into effect  June 9th, and its potential ramifications have been hotly debated between proponents of physician assisted death and disability advocates. Notably, the Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund, a group that seeks to ensure legal help for disabled people, has released an in-depth statement expressing vehement opposition to the new law .

Personal Data Protection and Medical Research: The New Legal Fframework in the EU

  June 15, 2016     By Michalopoulou & Associates
On May 4th 2016, the official text of Regulation 2016/679 “on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC” (General Data Protection Regulation) has been published in the EU Official Journal. The Regulation entered into force on May 24th 2016 but it shall apply from May 25th 2018.

Medicated Feed: A New Area for Legislative Revision in the EU

  June 15, 2016     By Michalopoulou & Associates
On March, 15th, 2016 the European Parliament Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted by a large majority the report on the Commission’s proposal regarding the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed. The new rules, which will be implemented in the form of Regulation, will replace the current Council Directive 90/167/EEC of 26 March 1990.

New European Regulation Acts Decisively Against Falsified Medicines

  June 14, 2016     By Michalopoulou & Associates
Passing themselves as the real, authorized medicines while containing ingredients which are of bad quality or in wrong dosages, falsified medicinal products are a major threat to public threat and safety – given that consumers might not be always able to discover their true identity.

Pesticide Residues in Food and GM Foods in the EU - Latest Developments and Questions

  June 15, 2016     By Michalopoulou & Associates
The use of pesticides in food, especially when growing fruit and vegetables, is now commonplace; farmers use pesticides in order to preserve or even increase their yields. Nevertheless, there are several risks regarding consumer safety and questions arise on the allowed pesticide residue quantities in food meant for consumption.

Mobile Health Apps and Big Data: The Legal Map in the EU

  June 13, 2016     By Michalopoulou & Associates
The use of mobile applications in healthcare has been rapidly growing, globally. Meanwhile, a long and intense discussion has emerged between users and entrepreneurs, resulting from the forthcoming adoption of the General Data Protection Regulation, which will have legally binding force in all EU member states and will replace existing relevant legislation by the end of 2015.

Breach of Contract Litigation: The Guaranty

  June 11, 2016     By HG.org
Many consumers are influenced to purchase a product because a guaranty is offered on the product. This guaranty instills confidence in the consumer. However, when a manufacturer does not comply with the terms of the guaranty, legal issues may arise.

New Jersey Hospital Accused of Race Discrimination

  June 6, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
A former medical assistant at Bergen Regional Medical Center recently filed a lawsuit against the hospital.

Overview of LGBTI Asylum

  June 7, 2016     By Law Offices of Grinberg & Segal
Under current U.S. immigration law, LGBTI aliens may seek asylum in the United States.

Firearm Background Checks

  June 7, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
Some of the major stories in 2015 involved groups of individuals being killed at the hands of a gun wielding murderer.

Can I Sue a Company for Using My Image to Sell a Product?

  June 5, 2016     By HG.org
Many companies use photos of people when selling their brand or product. Often times, these photos are of models or professional actors. In some cases, businesses may use photos of private parties rather than expert models.

Wohnimmobilienkreditrichtlinie Enters into Force in Germany: Withdrawal Still Possible until June 21, 2016

  June 3, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
The entry into force of the Wohnimmobilienkreditrichtlinie heralds the end of the so-called “ewiges Widerrufsrecht” (perpetual right of withdrawal) for real estate loans. It will no longer be possible to withdraw from legacy contracts from June 21, 2016.

Transgender Students May Sue

  June 2, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
A transgender student in South Carolina was recently told by school administrators to use the girls’ bathroom, even though he identified as male.

Insight into Transgender Rights

  June 4, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
Currently, The Pennsylvania Division of Vital Records and Department of Health holds a policy that bars transgender people from changing their birth certificate unless they undergo gender confirmation surgery.

Age Discrimination Study

  June 2, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
With much of the American population growing older and a severely low employment rate among those over 62, Social Security faces severe long-term challenges.

North Carolina Sues Justice Department Over Discriminatory Bathroom Bill

  June 4, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
[In May,] the U.S. federal government informed North Carolina Governor Pat McCrory that the state’s controversial bathroom law, House Bill 2 (HB 2), violates the Civil Rights Act, and the Justice Department gave the state until Monday to remedy the situation. North Carolina’s “bathroom bill” bars transgender people from using public bathrooms that correspond with their gender identity.

General Mills Age Discrimination Action

  June 3, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
General Mills must defend itself against new allegations of age discrimination, following a recent complaint filed by 29 former employees in Minnesota federal court.

Transgender High School Restrooms

  June 2, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit handed down a favorable decision Tuesday for a Virginia teenager who has taken the fight against transgender discrimination in his high school to federal court.

La-Z-Boy “Leather” Furniture Defects

  June 2, 2016     By Eichen, Crutchlow, Zaslow & McElroy, LLP
Thousands of consumers have recently been making complaints concerning the sub-par durability of La-Z-Boy leather furniture.

BGH: Reasons For Withdrawal Immaterial in Germany

  June 2, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
According to the Bundesgerichtshof’s (BGH) ruling of March 16, in which it bolstered consumers’ right of withdrawal, consumers’ reasons for availing themselves of their right of withdrawal are irrelevant.

Legal Implications for Someone Who Provides a Guaranty on a Closed Business

  June 1, 2016     By HG.org
Many people purchase a product or agree to service because the purchase comes with a warranty. However, if a warranty is made when the business is in the process of closing down or it has already closed down, certain legal implications may arise.

Recent Moneygram Settlement

  June 1, 2016     By Eichen, Crutchlow, Zaslow & McElroy, LLP
MoneyGram will pay a sum of $13 million to settle allegations of consumer fraud. The settlement will establish a restitution fund for consumers who were defrauded by third parties in which they had transferred money.

BMW Class Action Case

  June 3, 2016     By Eichen, Crutchlow, Zaslow & McElroy, LLP
A class action lawsuit has been filed against BMW of North America, alleging that their hands-free remote locking feature is defective.

Hyundai Sunroof Class Action Suit

  June 4, 2016     By Eichen, Crutchlow, Zaslow & McElroy, LLP
Too much of a good thing is proving to be detrimental for Hyundai as it faces a class action lawsuit over spontaneous shattering of the panoramic sunroofs in some of their vehicles.

Transsexuals Are Protected Under New Jersey Law Against Discrimination

  May 27, 2016     By Sidney L. Gold & Associates, PC
As the transgender community continues to grow and become more widely accepted, the state of New Jersey strictly enforces the New Jersey Law Against Discrimination (NJLAD), which protects the civil rights of these individuals, including their right to work without the fear of termination or discrimination due to their gender identity.

Maryland Car Dealer Settles with FTC

  May 26, 2016     By LeViness, Tolzman & Hamilton, PA
One of the nation’s largest used car dealers has agreed to settle with the Federal Trade Commission over allegations that they failed to disclose important safety information regarding used cars for sale.

Amendment of section 151 in Seychelles Law Decriminalizes Homosexuality

  May 19, 2016     By Giambrone Law
The Seychelles may become a popular holiday destination for the LGBT community, as its Parliament passes Penal Code (Amendment) Bill, 2016. decriminalizing homosexuality.

How Do Jim Crow Laws Relate to Transgender Issues?

  May 18, 2016     By HG.org
Transgender issues began to emerge in the 20th century and continued into the 21st century. During the second decade of the century, a major issue involving this group involved access to public restrooms. For some individuals the social issue mirrored a time of the earlier 20th century in which people were treated differently due to their race.

Law Enforcement Liability and the Special Relationship Doctrine

  May 15, 2016     By HG.org
While the general rule is that law enforcement officers are not legally liable for failing to protect a citizen, there are exceptions to this rule. One such exception is the special relationship doctrine.

Legal Doctrine of State-Created Danger and Police Liability

  May 13, 2016     By HG.org
The general rule is that law enforcement officers are not held liable for failing to protect their citizens. However, there are exceptions to this rule. One such exception is the state-created danger legal doctrine.

Right to Fly with Points

  May 13, 2016     By HG.org
Flying with miles is an advantage for those that fly regularly and is often an option with credit cards, travel programs and other incentive programs. Travelers who fly with points have the potential to realize substantial savings. However, sometimes there are problems when the person wishing to redeem the points is unable to do so or if a flight is cancelled after using points.

Law Enforcement Liability

  May 13, 2016     By HG.org
Most police uphold justice and incarcerate the criminals perpetrating illegal activities. They become witnesses in court proceedings to ensure that people who break the law are held accountable. The actions of law enforcement officers usually result in the law being upheld with victims receiving justice for crimes committed against them.

A Safer and Happier Life for Children in the UAE

  May 9, 2016     By Motei & Associates, Attorneys at Law
Highlights of the New UAE Child Protection Law.

Auto Dealer Fraud: When Is It Worth It to Hire a Lawyer?

  By HG.org
One of the most common types of consumer fraud is auto dealer fraud. A claim of this nature can arise from a number of misrepresentations, deceptive practices or other unethical or immoral behavior. When consumers feel scammed by auto dealers, they may consider hiring a lawyer.

LAPD Orders Thousands of Deadly Weapons from Taser International

The LAPD is issuing more and more tasers to it's officers as a way to help subdue a suspect. But what happens when tasers do not do the job?

Rights of an Owner of a Recalled Vehicle

  By HG.org
Every years, millions of products are recalled for various reasons. Recalls affect the very smallest of items such as children’s toys to large objects such as vehicles. When a product is recalled, it is usually due to some safety concern. Knowing the rights associated with recalled items can help consumers.

Stopped by Immigration: You Have Rights

In the United States, all people have rights. It does not matter who you are, what country you are from, or what your status is in the United States. No Human Being is Illegal. If you are stopped by Police Officers, Immigration Agents or other public authorities, you have rights. As long as you are within the borders of the United States, you have rights. Know them. Use them.

Differences between Preliminary Hearings and Arraignments

  By HG.org
Preliminary hearings and arraignments are pre-trial proceedings that take part in criminal cases. They are similar in nature, but they have important differences. While the process involved varies by state, the general process consists of the following:

Acquiring Recorded Conversations with a Business

  By HG.org
Many businesses record phone calls that come into the business as a matter of practice. This may be to keep a record for future use, for training purposes or to protect the business’ interests. However, if a customer wants a copy of the conversation, he or she may have difficulty acquiring it.

Preparing a Case before the European Court of Human Rights

This article provides a general overview of the European human rights system and how to bring and prepare a case before it.

How to Appeal a Judgment of the European Court of Human Rights Before the Grand Chamber

An overview of the appeal procedure before the Grand Chamber against judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.

How to Request Interim Measures of the European Court of Human Rights?

This articles provides guidance on how to make a request for interim measures before the European Court of Human Rights.

How to Lodge an Application Before the European Court of Human Rights

Here are guidelines on how to lodge an application before the European Court of Human Rights. According to article 34 of the European Convention on Human Rights, individual applications can be lodged with the European Court of Human Rights:

European Court of Human Rights

An introduction to the European Court of Human Rights.

European Convention on Human Rights

An introduction to the European Convention on Human Rights.

Prohibition on the Publication of Personal Information

  By HG.org
This is the information age of electronics, data, computing and the internet. Cameras and the ability to capture photos and video are everywhere. Protecting private information is no longer an easy thing to do. This could allow one’s likeness or attributes to be used in various ways that allow others to make money. The protection of personal information, likeness and private data is covered under the law.

The Availability of Assisted Reproductive Technologies for Single Persons. Legal Aspects in Ukraine

In recent years, medicine has reached the heights, including in matters of surrogate motherhood. Ukrainian legislation regulating the issue of surrogate motherhood pretty good, but if you consider this question wide enough, you'll notice that even the liberal Ukrainian law allows some discrimination because it is said exclusively about the couples who are in a registered marriage.

Apple vs. The FBI

Last month a federal magistrate judge in California ordered Apple to bypass the security protocols on an iPhone 5 that belonged to one of the San Bernardino shooters. This public order ushered in what has become a national spectacle, pitting the FBI and many Americans against Apple and Privacy proponents.

The Consular and Diplomatic Protection: The State’s Law and the Supranational Legal Orders

The consular and diplomatic protection's public law studied the interaction between the State’s law and the supranational legal orders

Cyprus Legal Professional Privilege

In a recent case, the Supreme Court of Cyprus (single Judge), in certiorari proceedings, decided to cancel a warrant issued against a Cyprus law firm for the search of its premises and offices on the ground that the law firm illegally withheld certain important documents, concerning the commission of serious crimes by the lawyer’s clients.

LAG Düsseldorf Affirms Dismissal Without Notice for Outburst During Carnival Festivities in Germany

Even during carnival time there are limits. According to a ruling of the LAG Düsseldorf (Regional Labour Court of Düsseldorf), anyone misbehaving too much during office festivities for carnival risks being fired (13 Sa 957/15).

Contracts of Inheritance Have a Strong Binding Effect in Germany

Anyone who wishes to arrange their estate according to a contract of inheritance should note that a contract of inheritance can have a strong binding effect, as demonstrated by a ruling of the OLG München (Higher Regional Court of Munich) (31 Wx 280/14).

Anticipated Inheritance and Gifts

It is possible for assets to be transferred to the prospective heirs during the lifetime of the testator. This is then referred to as an anticipated inheritance, which frequently occurs by way of gifts.

Open-Ended Real Estate Funds in Liquidation: Damages Still Possible

Investors in open-ended real estate funds which have since gone into liquidation can still assert claims for damages. Their prospects have improved, thanks to the jurisprudence of the Bundesgerichtshof (German Federal Court of Justice).

Establishing a Company: Choosing the Right Corporate Form in Europe

Company founders have to come to a decision regarding the corporate form of their new business. The favourite is often the Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (limited liability company) – GmbH.

Change in Smoking Law in Romania

In the 1930’s smoking was seen as the “in” thing to do. Social and economic pressure was such that no-one knew or cared about the consequences of smoking. This was also true in the 1950’s and early 1960’s. Romania allowed this until recently.

Who in Identity Theft Needs a Lawyer?

  By HG.org
Identity theft is a crime that occurs when someone obtains another person’s private information in a wrongful manner through fraud or deception, usually so that the perpetrator can achieve economic gain. When identity theft occurs, there are two main parties who may wish to seek legal counsel: defendants and victims.

Cyprus: An Update of the European Criminal Records Information System

An efficient exchange of information on criminal convictions referred to as the European Criminal Records Information System has been introduced between Member States in order to help improve the security of citizens within the European Area of Freedom, Security and Justice.

Where Can I Turn if my Rights have been Violated during a Traffic Stop?

Protecting your rights while cooperating with police can feel like walking a tightrope—one wrong move and you plunge to your doom. You should remember that even well intentioned police are nervous during traffic stops. You want to cooperate and defuse a potential conflict while not incriminating yourself or giving the police information that you do not have to share.

Test Procedure for Vacuums not Misleading to Consumers in the EU

Specifications regarding the energy consumption of empty vacuum cleaners do not infringe competition law. That was the decision of the General Court of the European Union (EGC) in its ruling of November 11 (Az.: T-544/13).

Alternatives to Jail

  By HG.org
States and counties around the country have offered criminal defendants a number of alternatives to jail. These alternatives help to keep more people outside of overcrowded jails and provide an incentive to reform behavior.

Can the Government Take Away My Property?

  By HG.org
Through the process of forfeiture, the government may be able to take away the property of a civilian. This may be because the individual is involved in criminal activity or because he or she owns property that was involved in criminal activity.

Owners of VW, Audi, Porsche "TDI Clean Diesel" Models May Qualify to File a Lawsuit over Emissions Fraud

Volkswagen admitted it fraudulently misled consumers about the emissions of its "TDI Clean Diesel" models through a defeat device that made the cars appear to emit lower levels of greenhouse gases than they actually did. Volkswagen recalled 11 million Volkswagen and Audi models in connection with the Dieselgate emissions cheating scandal. Hundreds of VW, Audi, and Porsche diesel owners have filed lawsuits against the German automaker over the company's lies and the lost value of their vehicles.

What Happens If My Property Is Wrongfully Seized and Sold at Auction?

  By HG.org
In some instances, a party has the right to reclaim property and sell it off at auction. This can be the case in a number of legal actions, including home foreclosures, vehicle repossessions and storage locker auctions. Additionally, this party is often entitled to receive a deficiency judgment for any amount that the former property owner still owes after subtracting the proceeds and costs of the sale.

What to Expect from the Seller when Making an Online Purchase in the EU

As 2015 comes to a close, the e-commerce industry is expected to make €185.39 billion this year. In the EU, the average online shopper spends €970 yearly, and these numbers continue to grow annually. EU Directive 2011/83/EU details the rights of EU consumers when shopping online and was transposed into Maltese law through Legal Notice 439 of 2013.

Diabetes in the Workplace

  By HG.org
Nearly 30 million Americans have diabetes today. Medical and treatment advances have allowed people with diabetes to maintain long and productive lives, at school, at home and at work

Service Animals–An Overview

  By HG.org
Service animals are animals which are trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability. Under the Americans with Disabilities Act, only a dog or a miniature horse may be considered a service animal, though other states may allow other types of animals to be service animals. Monkeys, ferrets and other animals may be considered service animals in some states.

An Overview of Special Education Law

  By HG.org
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ("IDEA") (originally the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, Public Law 94-142) was created in response to the fact that the educational needs of children with disabilities weren't being adequately met.

Power of Attorney in the UAE

A Power of Attorney is a notarised letter of authority given by a person or a company to another person or a company, which allows them to act for and on behalf of the original person in various government departments and for contractual purposes. The attorney and the person giving it must be over 21 years of age and must be of sound mind.

Responsibility of Jails

  By HG.org
While individuals do lose many rights when they are imprisoned, this does not mean that they lose all jails. Since jails and prisons are the custodians of these individuals, they have many responsibilities to these individuals’ welfare.

Electronic Privacy During Divorce or Separation

As Americans, our online and offline lives are almost always intertwined, affecting the way we live, work and communicate.

The Attractiveness of Ukraine as a Country for Obtaining a Residence Permit

Ukraine can be considered as an attractive country for foreigners wishing to immigrate to Europe. Let’s consider the benefits of migration to Ukraine in comparison with other countries and consider the so-called business immigration.

Five Steps to Take if a Victim of Identity Theft

  By HG.org
Unfortunately when someone realizes that he or she is a victim of identity theft, this is usually become some negative result has already happened. A person may have been denied credit for which he or she believed would be a certainty. A letter may come in the mail regarding a debt of which the individual was never aware, or the Internal Revenue Service may send a notice of a large tax debt.


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