HG.org Legal Resources

Civil Rights Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Civil Rights.


Introduction to Elder Abuse and Negligence in Florida

  April 21, 2017     By The Spivey Law Firm
In Florida, elder abuse and neglect is quite common, so it’s important to recognize the common signs.

Expert Witness Testimony: When Police Brutality Occurs

  April 20, 2017     By HG.org
Police brutality is being increasingly noticed throughout the country through the use of electronic surveillance equipment and the rise of the...

New Rights, Equality and Citizenship Work Programme and Financial Services User Group to Be Renewed in EU

  April 18, 2017     By KCG Partners Law Firm
The European Commission adopted the ’2017 Rights, Equality and Citizenship Work Programme’ on 1 March 2017.

Hotel Security Cameras Found in Room, Is that Legal?

  April 14, 2017     By HG.org
Placing security cameras in various places in a hotel may be a touchy subject when it comes to privacy and where these may be. As the...

Private Investigators Uncover Invisible Resumes Online and Related Documents

  April 11, 2017     By HG.org
A private investigator is often tasked with the responsibility of finding information that is hidden from view of the public. One such source of...

Before You Post THAT Picture . . . How Private Is Your Facebook Account?

  April 10, 2017     By The Law Offices of Lori Keeton
If you are going to attempt to collect disability, you may want to hold off on posting pictures of yourself boating, fishing and the...

Private Investigation and E-Discovery: Voice and Audio Files

  April 5, 2017     By HG.org
E-discovery may be necessary in certain legal cases. This means that records may be made through electronic devices for use by the consumer and...

Dismissal Without Notice for Breaching Duties to Cooperate Effective in Germany

  March 31, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Employees have duties to cooperate. These can also cover examinations by company doctors. If these duties are breached, there is then the...

Debt Collection in Bosnia-Herzegovina

  March 31, 2017     By Law Office of Alma Prnjavorac
The legal success is crowned by the winning verdict. However, the economic success is only brought about by the implementation of this judgment....

Can My Employer Fire Me if I Fail a Company-ordered Polygraph?

  March 30, 2017     By HG.org
In many cases, employers are not permitted to use polygraphs to test employees or job applicants. However, depending on the state and the type...

Discrimination under Germany’s General Equal Treatment Act

  March 30, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Not every instance of disabled employees being treated differently constitutes illegal discrimination, as demonstrated by a ruling of the...

Voter Bribery: The Treatment of this Pervasive Electoral Offence in Kenya

  March 24, 2017     By Ameli Inyangu & Partners
Voter bribery, if committed by a person vying for elective office adversely affects the consideration of elections as free and fair.

Bullying Laws in New Jersey

  March 23, 2017     By Williams Law Group, LLC
New Jersey constituted an anti bullying law in 2002 that was one of the first to be initiated, in 2003 New Jersey and 14 other states passed the...

Sexual Harassment Laws in New Jersey

  March 23, 2017     By Cores & Associates, LLC
Much like at the federal level, sexual harassment is prohibited by the state of New Jersey. It is quite important for you to know your rights in...

How Can I Protect My Trade Secrets When I Enter into a Business Contract with Another Company?

  March 22, 2017     By HG.org
When the creator of a trade secret must do business with another business, it is important that the secrets that are often disclosed to other...

Is Social Media Protected by the First Amendment?

  March 22, 2017     By Nicoll Davis & Spinella, LLP
On February 27, 2017, for the first time, the U.S. Supreme Court discussed social media in the context of the First Amendment, recognizing...

Can a Business Ask about My Disability and My Need for a Service Dog?

  March 20, 2017     By HG.org
The Americans with Disabilities Act protects a person that has a disability for employment, when in public establishments and from various forms...

Representation or Accompaniment at General Meeting of Shareholders in Germany

  March 20, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
GmbH shareholders can be represented by a proxy at the general meeting of the shareholders. In addition, it may be permissible according to a...

Weapons at Work: Texas Law and Business Policy

  March 16, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
With both constitutional and statutory protections for citizens to carry arms, businesses are faced with walking a fine line between providing a...

What Is an Invasion of Privacy Claim?

  March 15, 2017     By HG.org
There are many versions of sharing someone’s private details by accident that are not considered an invasion of privacy. However, when the...

Illegal Search and Seizures in Illinois Police Misconduct Cases

  March 10, 2017     By Jackowiak Law Offices
The Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution grants every citizen the right to protection from unlawful searches and seizures at the...

Private Investigators on Teen Cyber Bullying

  March 8, 2017     By HG.org
Private investigators are often able to held identify the culprit of crimes or wrongful acts even when this individual is someone who is...

How to Create a Valid Power of Attorney in Ghana

  March 2, 2017     By AB LexMall & Associates
In Ghana, Powers of Attorney are governed by the Power of Attorney Act 1998, Act 549.

Unwanted Facebook Pictures: Has My Privacy Been Invaded?

  March 1, 2017     By HG.org
The digital world of the electronic age is rife with invasions of privacy, identity theft and various instances of crime. There are many...

The Legal Way for a Non-resident to Pay in Currency Buying Property in Ukraine

  February 27, 2017     By Kydalov & Partners
More and more foreigners are considering a possibility to buy property in Ukraine, particularly in large and popular among foreigners cities...

Is Denying Medical Treatment to Minors Legal in New Jersey?

  February 24, 2017     By Cores & Associates, LLC
Legally, minors are incompetent and lack the necessary experience on matters such as their education and medical care. It is, therefore, the...

Private Investigators Find Scams on Valentine’s Day

  February 22, 2017     By HG.org
Private investigators can help look into possible scams to help prevent a person from losing time, money and frustration. Many scams occur...

When Do Police Have To Read You Your Rights?

  February 10, 2017     By Rogers Garcia Patton PLLC
Incriminating statements collected during a "conversation" be used against you if you haven't been read your Miranda rights? The United States...

Criminal Background Checks from a Private Investigator

  February 5, 2017     By HG.org
Today, there are many ways that a person can infiltrate the life of another and cause him or her harm. Romantic partners may lie about their...

Competition Law: Mandatory Information in Real Estate Advertising

  February 3, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Anyone who publishes real estate adverts without the requisite information relating to the energy performance certificate is in breach of...

CJEU to Rule on Holiday Entitlement Following Employee’s Death - Germany

  February 1, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Whether an employee’s holiday entitlement continues to exist after his death is still disputed. The Bundesarbeitsgericht (BAG), Germany’s...

Video Recording on Private Property in California

  February 1, 2017     By Gehres Law Group, P.C.
Over the years, clients have inquired about the legality of installing video cameras on their privately owned commercial real estate or business...

Exceptional Notice of Dismissal for Working Hours Fraud in Germany

  January 31, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Fraud relating to one’s working hours may constitute good cause justifying exceptional notice of dismissal. Having said that, a ruling of the...

Understanding the Laws on Underage Drinking in California

Consumption of alcohol below the age of 21 is a criminal offense. Ensure that you are not breaking any of these other laws regarding underage...

European Commission Proposal Strengthens Privacy Rules for Electronic Communications

Following a leak in early December, the European Commission has officially published the finalised proposed new legislation which aims to...

Litigating Georgia Implied Consent Law Motions to Obtain Exclusion of Breath Test Evidence

Georgia implied consent law is outdated, flawed and incomplete. A Georgia DUI Lawyer must know how to challenge the admissibility of implied...

Labour Leasing: Changes to Temporary Employment in Germany

The legal provisions pertaining to labour leasing, also referred to as temporary employment or subcontracted work, are being shaken up.

Acquring Ghanaian Citizenship

Citizenship in Ghana is a question of law and is governed by the Citizenship Act, 2000.

Bogus Applicants Cannot Invoke Anti-discrimination Legislation in the EU

Bogus applicants who do not actually intend to take up a post cannot subsequently invoke anti-discrimination legislation. This comes from a...

Oath before the Saudi Courts

Two types of oaths include the Strict Oath and the Completing Oath.

Leaked E-Privacy Draft: What to Expect in Malta & the EU

Following the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation, the European Commission has been working on reforming the E-Privacy...

You Don’t Have the Right to Run a Background Check without My Permission

  By HG.org
It is not uncommon for employers to request to run a background check on a person before extending an employment offer. However, complications...

Is Double Jeopardy Implicated when a Court Increases a Sentence Multiple Times?

  By HG.org
When a person has been convicted for one crime, he or she cannot be convicted of the same crime again. This means he or she is not subject to...

Divorce in Jordan

Filing divorce case in Jordan need a legal procedure, and at the end the woman will have a divorce and shall get her financial rights.

Changes in the Registration Procedure Concerning Notarization in Ukraine

In the course of the reform in the state registration system at 6 October 2016 was adopted the Law of Ukraine «On the Amendments to Certain...

Resisting Arrest during a Protest

  By HG.org
While the rights to assemble and to have free speech are provided under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, a person can...

Prisoners’ Rights

  By HG.org
Many people recognize that when they are incarcerated that they lose many rights, including the right to privacy, the right to assemble and the...

Ten Steps to Take if You’ve Been the Victim of Identity Theft

Identity theft is running rampant in our country. If you are the victim of identity theft, there are some important steps to take to ensure that...

What Can I Do If My Criminal Defense Lawyer Is Not Satisfying Me?

  By HG.org
Many instances arise where a criminal defense lawyer is not a good fit with the defendant. While this may not be a common occurrence, it is an...

Station House Detention Laws

  By HG.org
Station house detention places are those that hold specific suspects in police stations so that they may be questioned and interviewed through...

Getting Money Back After Police Seizure

  By HG.org
In many instances of an arrest, law enforcement officers seize property, money and possessions. It is often difficult and time-consuming to...

When Using a Taser Is Excessive Force

  By HG.org
Excessive force is a violation of the United States Constitution. Some states may label the use of a taser stun gun when injuring a person as...

Act of Production Doctrine

  By HG.org
Documents are the foundation of tax cases where crimes are suspected. Subpoenas are often issued that demand extensive documentation to back up...

Manufacturers of Self-Driving May Be Protected from Lawsuits

Self-driving cars will undoubtedly become a widely-acceptable new technology in the near future. But, as with any new technology, mistakes can...

“Unverzüglich” Is an Acceptable Deadline for Taking Remedial Action for Defective Products in Germany

If a purchased item is defective, the buyer can demand that subsequent remedial action be taken. According to a recent ruling of the...

Inheritance Tax Reform in Germany: Bundesrat Blocks Bill

The inheritance tax reforms have still yet to be finalized. With the Bundesrat, the upper house of the German parliament, having blocked the...

13 Mistakes that Can Hurt Your Car Accident Case and the Compensation You're Entitled To

Car accident cases involving personal injury can be stressful, tedious, and confusing. They are not to be handled alone. A highly-experienced...

What the Confrontation Clause Means Today

  By HG.org
The Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution gives a defendant the right to confront his or her accuser....

Evidentiary Privileges in Criminal Cases

  By HG.org
Evidentiary privileges concern confidential communications, such as those between spouses or between a lawyer and his or her client. The United...

Duty to Disclose

  By HG.org
A prosecutor has the duty to disclose certain information to the defense. This helps aid the defendant in being able to lodge a proper defense.

Constitutional Rights and Carrying a Dirk or Dagger

  By HG.org
When most people think of the right to bear arms, they think about guns. However, there are other weapons that may be used for self-defense,...

Background Checks for Firearm Purchases

  By HG.org
The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution, gun control laws and the prevalence of mass shootings made up an ongoing debate during...

Loan Withdrawal in Germany: BGH Pulls Rug Out from Under Banks and Savings Banks

According to a ruling of the Bundesgerichtshof (BGH), Germany’s Federal Court of Justice, from July 12, it is possible to effectively withdraw...

Boost for Consumers Withdrawing from Loans in Germany

Guidance on the right of withdrawal featuring the footnote “Nicht für Fernabsatzgeschäfte” (not for long-distance transactions) is ineffective....

The History of Police Brutality, and What it Means for You

Police brutality in the United States has always been a huge problem, though it is more visible now that widespread ownership of handheld...

All About the Attorney Client Privilege

  By HG.org
There are a number of privileges that criminal defendants have that protect certain communications. These privileges include clergy privilege,...

Religious Freedom Bill and LGBT Community

Congressional leaders are in heated arguments over a proposed bill that would protect religious freedom, but could also allow members of the...

When Is a Person Legally Insane?

  By HG.org
The insanity defense is one of th emost controversial defenses. Additionally, it has one of the lowest success rates among all criminal...

Police Interrogation and Confessions

  By HG.org
When someone is suspected of committing a crime, one of the most effective ways to convict the individual is to present a confession from him or...

Criminal Appeal Based on Unfair Trial

  By HG.org
In the United States, all criminal defendants have the right to receive a fair trial. There are numerous constitutional safeguards in place to...

Police Confessionals

  By HG.org
One of the most common pieces of advice that a lawyer gives to his or her client is not to say anything. This is especially true when dealing...

Right to a Speedy Trial

  By HG.org
Every US citizen has the right to a speedy trial as provided by the United States Constitution. Many state constitutions also contain similar...

Can a Spouse Testify Against His or Her Spouse?

  By HG.org
When one or both spouses are in legal trouble, the question of privileges and testimonial exceptions may arise. This is an important concept as...

History of Plea Bargains

  By HG.org
A plea bargain is a negotiated agreement for a criminal defendant whereby he or she agrees to plead guilty in exchange for a more favorable...

Plea Bargaining Basics

  By HG.org
A criminal defense lawyer may be able to negotiate an agreement between a criminal defendant and a prosecutor. This agreement is referred to as...

Constitutional Rights of Criminal Defendants

  By HG.org
Individuals who are facing criminal charges have a number of key rights that must be honored throughout the process. By being aware of this...

Steps to Take If You Cannot Afford to Make Bail in Your Case

  By HG.org
The Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the issuance of excessive bail. However, courts have found that excessive bail...

Common Questions about Plea Bargains

  By HG.org
Rather than trying every criminal case, the prosecutor and criminal defense lawyer may resolve a case by agreeing to a plea agreement. Many...

Analyzing False Confessions and Exonerations

  By HG.org
Given the significant number of exonerations that have been issued in recent years, it is important to consider what events led to these...

How Bail Is Set

  By HG.org
In many cases, a criminal defendant can leave police custody by posting bail. The amount that bail is ordered at is different in each case...

Constitutional Right to a Fair Trial

  By HG.org
When a person is accused of a crime, the consequences at stake are significant. A conviction can mean the loss of freedom with years behind...

Constitutional Right to Legal Counsel

  By HG.org
Any citizen in the United States who is facing criminal charges is guaranteed the right to legal counsel. If he or she cannot afford his or her...

What Are My Rights If Stopped on the Street?

  By HG.org
It is not uncommon for a person to happen upon a law enforcement officer. He or she may be stopped by the law enforcement officer and asked...

Resisting Arrest without the Presence of Violence

  By HG.org
When someone imagines someone else resisting arrest, they often have a mental image of a person violently thrashing around and physically...

Dangers of Stop and Frisk

  By HG.org
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects Americans from unreasonable searches and seizures. Despite this important...

Laws Regarding Stop and Frisk

  By HG.org
The term “stop and frisk” refers to a law enforcement officer’s limited right to detain a person momentarily and inspect him or her for weapons....

Advocating for LGBT Individuals in the Workplace

Americans in the Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender Community (LGBT) have fought for and won many rights in the past few years. While...

Withdrawal in Germany: Save Several Thousand Euros at the Last Minute

Consumers could potentially save several thousand euros at the last minute by withdrawing from their loans. However, the withdrawal period is...

Still Possible to Withdraw from Loans in Germany after June 21

It is still possible to withdraw from a large number of real estate loans. The end of the withdrawal period only concerns loans that were...

Loan Withdrawal to Come Before BGH Again in Germany

While the right of withdrawal for real estate loans concluded between 2002 and 2010 is set to come to an end on June 21, the courts will...

Get-Out-of-Jail-Free Card Still an Option in Germany

The right of withdrawal for real estate loans concluded between November 2, 2002 and June 10, 2010 is set to come to an end on June 21, 2016. In...

Last Chance to Use Get-Out-of-Jail-Free Card – Loan Withdrawal in Possible Until June 20 in Germany

Anyone who still wants to make timely use of their get-out-of-jail-free card before June 20, 2016 and withdraw from a loan can benefit from low...

China Issues Implementing Regulations of the Law on the Protection of Consumer Rights and Interests

  By MMLC Group
On August 5, 2016, the State Administration of Industry & Commerce (“SAIC”), released a draft of the Regulations on the Implementation of the...

LAG Sachsen-Anhalt on Video Surveillance at the Workplace in Germany

Video surveillance at the workplace does not inevitably give rise to claims for damages. That was the verdict of the Landesarbeitsgericht (LAG)...

Same-Sex Family Law Matters

Many New Jersey LGBTQ couples consider 2013 to be a landmark year. In that year, a key part of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was...

Loan Withdrawal in Case of Linked Transaction in Germany: BGH Ruling Fails to Materialize

The Bundesgerichtshof (BGH), Germany’s Federal Court of Justice, was supposed to rule on May 31 on withdrawing from a loan in the case of a...

Police Misconduct in New Jersey

Police misconduct is a major issue across the nation. Major cases have recently shed a nationwide light on this problem. Police brutality in New...

EEOC LGBT Cases in the News

Currently, Title VII prohibits employers from discriminating against employees on the basis of sex, but does not explicitly cover sexual...

EEOC Shows Harassment Still an Issue

In today’s day and age, it is easy to assume that many of the hot button issues of days past have come and gone. The same jokes used in...

Final Stretch for Loan Withdrawal in Germany

Those who still want to withdraw from real estate loans concluded between 2002 and 2010 should take action now while the right of withdrawal is...


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