Communication Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide
discussing legal aspects related to Communication.
August 12, 2014 By Brijnandan Singh Bhar & Co
Writers often express their views on blogs or forums. With the advancement of laws, anyone who writes articles, must be cautious of consequences of doing so. This is a Malaysian perspective.
June 10, 2014 By Strachan Partners
The deregulation of the telecommunications sector in 2001 led to the issuance of telecom licenses to major telecom providers in Nigeria. Unlike the pre-deregulation era which was characterized by poor services by NITEL, Nigeria’s sole telecom provider, there has been an increase in international trade and investment as a result of the telecommunication revolution. The adverse effect of this is the staggering amounts of interconnect debts in Nigeria’s telecommunication sector.
May 26, 2014 By Brijnandan Singh Bhar & Co
A basic insight into the laws of technology and communications in Malaysia.
Google has certainly had some experience dealing with take-down requests in the past – primarily dealing with copyright infringing content – but nothing was to prepare it for the overwhelming influx of requests it reportedly received following the ECJ ruling on the subject last week.
Last week a district judge in New York ruled that US authorities can access and search through electronic data stored by US companies on servers based outside the US.
Azerbaijan is creating its electronic court system. The President of the country issued the respective order (the “Order”) back few months ago . The Order lists the elements of the system. It should include electronic filing, case tracking, notifications, electronic cabinet etc.
Combined offers are when merchandise, often of high quality, is offered at an extremely low price and only in connection with the purchase of a main product. This sales method is increasingly used by some companies as a marketing strategy.
Court reporters have been deemed expendable in recent years, with states and municipalities looking to cut costs. However, the profession has survived the recent cutbacks and still remains a growing business.
Freedom of expression is guaranteed for all in the State of Kuwait under many laws that may be some of its most important articles are included in the articles of the Constitution of The State of Kuwait and the other laws organising this matter.
Broadcasting and telecommunication has come a long way in Nigeria. Formally these services were considered social services in nature hence private companies were foreclosed from participation of any kind. This article will explore these procedures, conditions for grant, refusal, renewal and withdrawals of these licenses.
Real Estate Litigation lawyers should be aware of their client’s Property Management Company and what their responsibilities are in a Triple Net Lease and hold them accountable.
While watching television recently, I came across a commercial involving dangerous stunts. The stunts were so dangerous and over the top that the producer included legal disclaimers to the effect that “You should not try this at home!” What would happen, I thought, if somebody injured themselves after watching such a stunt? Could a legal claim for negligence survive against the broadcaster or producer?
What is Good Legal Content? Good Legal Content is content that serves two purposes, one it gains the attention of the reader, hopefully one who is a potential client. The content gives them enough information and intrigues them enough to make them want to contact your office for more information, or better yet a consultation.
A Malaysian perspective on White-Collar Crime. A daunting task it has failed to curb, yet.
In our modern, connected age, it seems everyone has a tablet or laptop computer that they use on a daily basis. These computers usually have built in webcams and microphones which, while very useful for legitimate purposes like video calls, can also be a vehicle for embarrassment, identity theft, and spying on your most intimate moments. So, what does the law have to say about using someone's webcam or computer microphone to spy on them?
Advertising is part of daily life, from street posters, print ads, and online campaigns to indirect advertising such as promotional events. A variety of laws dictate what may or may not be advertised or marketed and in which ways.
Over the last few years, a number of unscrupulous websites have developed around Americans' increasing comfort with sharing private, intimate photos with one another. While the photos are usually not intended for public consumption, often after a rough breakup or other event in which the recipient is left unhappy, that person will post those photos for the world to see. But is this legal? More importantly, can the site where the photos are posted legally charge you to take them down?
Everyday, millions of people login from all over the world to experience various virtual worlds. Some are part of a video game, others are intended to allow for social interactions, and still others include elements for commercial dealings. Whatever the purpose, any environment in which people interact can lead to friction and disagreements of various sorts. This has led many to ask whether the laws of the real world can or should apply to virtual world problems.
With the rise of social networking, many have lost some of their concerns about personal privacy. Indeed, millions of Americans share the intimate details of their lives with an audience of dozens to thousands to sometimes even millions of people everyday, and think nothing of it. But what happens when someone begins to use this information against you? Are they violating any laws by following you online or bothering you on the Internet?
If a dentist offers his services via a coupon portal, this conduct can be viewed as promotional advertising and thus as unfair competition.
Finding someone who does not have a Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn, or other social media profile is getting harder to do. Granted, there are still a few stalwart holdouts, but the vast majority of Americans use social media everyday (in fact, you may have come across this article in your social media feed). With social networking such a huge part of our lives, are there any social media laws? How are common legal issues resolved when they occur in a social network?
The Telemedia Act (TMG) requires that an e-mail address is provided as part of the “site notice” (Impressum) of an Internet website. An online contact form alone is not sufficient.
It is the end of a long week, and you find yourself at home wishing you had something to do. But, tired of being a fifth wheel to all of your friends in relationships, you decide it is time to join the millions of other people who are online looking for a date. Unfortunately, some of those millions may not be real people after all. Is it legal for dating sites to use fake content to lure in new members?
In this modern digital age, it is often common for romantic partners, particularly those in long distance relationships, to exchange revealing photos of one another. These photos are often intended for the eyes of the receiver only. But, how can you be sure? What happens if you break up or the other person turns out to be less discrete than you had hoped? Is it illegal for someone to share those photos with others?
Public pension reform continues to be a daunting task for advocates taking up the cause. That’s because, unlike in the private sector, the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) does not apply to the pensions of government employees. Instead, state authorities, local laws, and the courts determine how public sector retirement programs are managed.
The State of Serbia regulates advertising on several levels, from the Constitution to statutory rulebooks, showing adequately its interests in ensuring that the law on advertising maintains a fair environment for commerce. The various regulations grant rights as well as impose obligations, providing for liberties as well as restrictions.
Attorney advertising is a fairly new phenomenon in many jurisdictions. Rules of various state bar associations have eased over the last two decades to allow more and more freedom for attorneys wishing to advertise their services just like any other profession. However, the rise of new technology has presented a new twist and new source of liability for attorneys wishing to advertise online.
When consumers see or hear an advertisement on the Internet, radio, in print, on a billboard, on television, or anywhere else, federal law says that the ad must be truthful, not misleading, and, when appropriate, backed by scientific evidence.
Many will long remember the death of Princess Diana in 1997. She passed away as a result of a fatal car crash during a high-speed paparazzi chase. This led to a number of laws in both England and America relating to the paparazzi.
It seems like the headlines are constantly filled with new stories of politicians quite literally caught with their pants down in scandals with prostitutes. This often raises the question of why we do not treat prostitution in the same was as pornography. Why is sex for money okay in one setting and not another?
The marketing of dairy products whose name contains misleading information about places and regions of origin is not allowed, since it conjures up wrong connotations among consumers.
We have all seen commercials making claims that our common sense told us simply cannot be true. For example, miracle weight loss supplements or exercise equipment. And yet, somehow these commercials make it to television and are not immediately removed as part of a lawsuit. How is that? What is the difference between false advertising and simply inflating the truth about your product (a practice called “puffing”)?
Considered by many to be the most important rights established by the United States Constitution, the First Amendment rights cover some of the most fundamental freedoms Americans enjoy. They include free speech, press, religion, petition, and assembly. These rights are fiercely protected but also not without limitation.
Defamation is when someone tells one or more persons an untruth about you, and that untruth harms your reputation. Defamation is the general term, while slander and libel refer to particular types of defamation. Libel is a written defamation, and slander is verbal. There are three key factors to consider when deciding whether a defamatory statement should be taken to court.
Advertisements with customer reviews and ratings must not lead to a distorted, positive image of a company.
In order to adapt the EU payments market to the opportunities of the single market and to support the growth of the EU economy, the European Commission adopted a package on 24th July 2013.
The United States Congress enacted ESIGN in 2000 (Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 7001 – 7006, (2012)) and Turkish Parliament enacted the 'Elektronik İmza Kanunu' (Electronic Signatures Law - EIK) in 2004. This article targets to summarize a comparison of approach between these statutes.
The New Guidance on Direct Marketing issued by the Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data provides practical guidance on data users’ compliance with the new regulatory requirements for direct marketing under the new Part VIA of Hong Kong’s Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance which came into effect on 1 April 2013.
A proprietor of an internet connection generally should not be liable for copyright breaches of their spouse.
A bipartisan group in the U.S. House of Representatives recently introduced legislation intended to combat the illegal distribution of counterfeit goods via rogue websites hosted overseas. The proposed bill greatly expands protections for intellectual property (IP) and, if passed, would bring sweeping changes to copyright law.
In several recent judgements, the German Federal Court of Justice (BGH) provided a few clarifications with respect to the advertising of companies with the same name.
Google has long provided the service of blocking search results in pursuance to website takedown requests.
The retransmission of television programs of broadcasting companies over the internet by other companies can be prohibited by a broadcasting company.
The internationally recognised regulator of web addresses Icann (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is constantly seeking new ways to avoid abusive use of domain names. One of the more common abuses is that of cybersquatting, the act of registering domain names consisting in somebody else’s trademark in order to make gains of that trademark’s reputation. There are several types of cybersquatting, however this is the most common.
The EU has long been considering the implementation of frameworks and legal solutions to address mounting concerns in regard to cyber security. In addition to the introduction of a new strategy in this regard, the Commission made a proposal in February 2013 to introduce a directive to facilitate the creation of a harmonized network and to standardize information security throughout the EU.
The data privacy law in Hong Kong underwent a microscopic review a result of the Octopus card case of unauthorized sale of customers' personal data and greater awareness of individual's privacy rights in today's rapid changing technology.
Businesses are increasingly confronted with the problem of finding qualified senior managers. The search for specialist personnel via social networks therefore appears more and more attractive.
With the explosion of social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn, it is likely that many of your employees use social media for both personal and business interactions. While these tools can be a great way to spread the word about your company’s products or services, they can also compromise proprietary information, including trade secrets.
When creating one’s own homepage, the use of third party pictures or texts can rapidly lead to an infringement of copyright laws. Entrepreneurs in particular must, however, tread carefully not only in this area.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has decided that resale of licences for second hand software is, in general, possible.
Face Recognition Technology
A group of American TV providers have recently sued Dish Network, a satellite television provider, for copyright infringement because of its “Autohop” service.
A recent Dutch court decision declared that XS Networks was complicit in copyright infringement after it failed to take down the website for “SumoTorrent” which was hosted on their servers. XS Networks had already been notified that the content on this site was illegal and therefore knew the risks of leaving it in place. This meant that it was liable for the damages caused by the sharing of the illegal content as if it were its own doing.
A new regulation has been published on Official Gazette dated 14 October 2012 that contains a number of changes have been made on Regulation on Promotion of Medicinal Products For Human Use to ensure that the companies promoting a medicinal product is monitored by the Ministry of Health in wide range of their promotion activities. The main changes to the regulation include:
In the wake of the controversial law commonly called ACTA, the Maltese government has undertaken a public consultation exercise in order to enshrine “digital rights” in our Constitution. Currently, these rights are known to be the following: - The right to internet access; - The right to access information online; - The right to online freedom of expression; and - The right to exchange information online.
Under a new initiative to distance itself from anything illegal on the internet, Google has updated its search engine to eliminate “The Pirate Bay” results from its auto-complete forms. This site has stood for many years as the Tortuga of the internet, providing what is probably the most comprehensive torrent database on the internet.
A recent DMCA takedown request to the web hosting company “ServerBeach” resulted in the temporary denial of access to 1.45 million education related blogs. The notice regarded the website “Edublogs” which hosted all the blogs in question, all of which were housed on ServerBeach’s hardware. The subject of the notice was a questionnaire from 2007 which was under copyright protection in favour of a company going by the name of “Pearson”.
The Madrid Protocol enters into force in Colombia. The domestic PTO and IP law firms get ready for the new procedures. Both foreign and domestic applicants will be greatly benefited by the protocol. Finally, after much anticipation from the national and international IP community, the Madrid Protocol is in force in Colombia. The first South American country to enter the Madrid System and the second in Latin America after Cuba.
The High Court in the UK recently rejected an appeal made by Michael Toth in regard to his loss of the domain name ‘emirates.co.uk’. Toth, who possessed an extensive portfolio of domains, such as ‘china.co.uk’ and ‘maldives.co.uk’ appealed to the high court stating that his registration of the domain ‘emirates.co.uk’ was not done abusively.
The global retailing giant Walmart announced in February that it would further acquire 33.6% interest in Yihaodian, a leading B2C e-commerce company in China. Before the investment, Walmart already held 17.7% interest in Yihaodian. The new deal is subject to government regulatory approvals, including antitrust approval from the Chinese anti-monopoly regulator, the Ministry of Commerce (“MOFCOM”). On 13 August 2012, Walmart announced that it has received conditional approval from MOFCOM.
Social media sites can be a cost effective way to generate new business, but it is not without its pitfalls. There are an increasing number of cases where an employees' use of social media has created problems at the workplace, including ownership disputes of account and the outcome of YouTube video postings.
By Murray LLP
Hedge funds are increasingly subject to international and local data protection regulations. The amount of personal data held by hedge funds and service providers continues to grow. As obligations to collect data increases with new regulations such as FATCA hedge fund managers and other service providers must pay attention to data protection laws and regulations.
On the 17th July 2012 the European Commission announced that it had reached an agreement with internet giant ‘Google’ that would put to rest recent anti-competitive practice claims against Google. The EU has been investigating Google since 2010. This started when European search providers began complaining that Google was burying search results for products that competed with Google’s own, without disclosing the alleged bias.
A defamatory comment can destroy both a person’s character and professional reputation. But a ruined reputation can be salvaged with expert legal advice. Online defamation is a clearly damaging and untrue statement that is published online. The twenty first century internet has vastly multiplied the avenues through which comments are published and spread.
It would appear analysts were correct during the Arab Spring in guessing that the Internet would be the new battleground for politicians. In recent events, American presidential candidate Mitt Romney had a campaign video of his taken down from YouTube. This has raised concerns in the United States with regard to the right to free speech, a right held in very high esteem on that side of the Atlantic.
Reebok International has agreed to pay a $25 million fine to settle charges of false advertising stemming from claims that its toning shoes provide extra muscle strength to wearers, according to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). The settlement funds will be used to provide consumer refunds, which will be made available either directly from the FTC or through a court-approved class action lawsuit.
Regulation of social media from a global prospective. Jan Dhont comments on transatlantic differences. Social media policies attempt to grapple with the impact that employee conduct online may have on the reputation, business interests, and legal obligations of an organization. They do this by guiding employees on appropriate online behavior and prohibiting certain conduct.
The law has had to adapt and change to meet the needs and demands of businesses and consumers as modern technology has advance. And it will keep on changing as technology continues to develop. If you are considering setting up in business with a measure of reliance on the internet and associated technologies, you will need expert advice from lawyers experienced in e-business law.
Transborder data flows are a significant concern for those interested and involved in cyber-security and information privacy. The issue is given particular focus in the context of cloud computing. A key new source of risk for users on cloud computing services is that associated with the storage of data and the execution of transactions in foreign jurisdictions. This whitepaper examines government and industry responses to cross-border data flows in the context of cloud computing.
Inadequate data security leaves businesses open to significant damage and embarrassment. Whilst data security is a key concern for any business when it considers the use of its IT resources, businesses that operate within, or are seeking to operate within, the cloud need to be particularly attuned to the increased risks and dilemmas that cloud computing poses for their data security. - Data Security in the Cloud - A Whitepaper by Nicholls Legal
The adequate protection of the privacy of personal and sensitive data has proved to be one of the key concerns that has emerged in the area of cloud computing. Adequate protection of privacy intersects with many other issues affecting cloud computing, including data security, jurisdictional concerns and contractual issues. Cloud Computing and Privacy - A Whitepaper by Nicholls Legal
The UK's Company Names Tribunal deals with objections by brand holders to the bad faith or opportunistic registration of company names. Consideration of the emerging body of CNT decisions highlights the importance to brand protection of a combination of a company name watch service and a readiness to deal with any abusive registration by a speedy, and appropriate, application for an order.
New Hampshire has long since recognized the privileged nature of communications between husbands and wives. However, with the widespread use of electronic communications, it has become unclear whether such communications remain within the realm of “marital confidences”.
With the explosive and continued growth of the internet, it is no surprise that more and more crimes are committed such as phishing, computer hacking, identity theft, fraudulent transactions and other illegal activity. If you have been accused of such an offense, it is critical that you speak with a capable Kansas City internet fraud attorney right away. Without effective legal counsel, your reputation, career and future are at stake.
By Cai & Lenard
In the light of the closure of the largest file storage systems in Ukraine (Infostore.org, Eх.uа, Upload.com.ua) the joint research of the Investment and Trade Foundation (ITF) and Cai & Lenard Law Firm on the protection of intellectual property in the Internet becomes actual.
For millions of Americans, Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, and other social media websites have become an integral part of our daily lives. As an outlet to share events, photos, and thoughts with friends and family, many of us post content without taking any (or very little) consideration to the possible ramifications our actions may have later down the road.
Social media is an important aspect of our society. In many ways it has brought the world to our fingertips. Among the many uses for it, it has found its place in legal matters, providing evidence in some cases through the profile pages and updated statuses of those that are in the midst of a trial. The advancement of social media has made many changes to the time.
Internet has opened up new routes for unethical, abusive and opportunistic behaviour. One such form of behaviour is the practice of “cybersquatting”, which can be generally defined as the malicious registration of and dealing in domain names having third party goodwill rights or interests with a view to extorting a profit therefrom.
Despite an effort in 2009 to impose a two-year ban on the construction of new digital billboards in Orange County, Los Angeles, and throughout California, there is currently no state law prohibiting these billboards from appearing up and down the sides of highways. Extensive controversy exists surrounding the potential for digital billboards to distract drivers and cause car accidents.
It is the job of the entertainment industry to provide the general public with a source of entertainment. Unfortunately, the methods employed to do so are not always received well, and sometimes entertainers and media moguls can be sued for the risks they take when providing entertainment to viewers and listeners throughout the U.S.
The Stop Online Piracy Act, or SOPA, is a United States bill introduced in October of 2011 in order to help combat the online theft of intellectual property and its injurious consequences, both for large companies and for artists personally. While supported by movie studios in California, the Act became the focus of widespread criticism and an online protest. A lawyer explains the Act, its controversy, and examines whether it could serve as a solution to the problem of online piracy.
A Southern California woman recently made headlines after she personally sued Honda in small claims court when her car failed to live up to promise mileage standards, resulting in financially injurious consequences for her. The woman, Heather Peters, was awarded $9,867 from the small claims court judge and is encouraging others to follow her lead in making claims against Honda. A lawyer examines her case and explains the laws protecting consumers from product misrepresentation.
You’ve probably heard a lot about Ponzi schemes recently in the news — about people becoming unimaginably wealthy through fraud, only to watch their empires, built on dishonesty, collapse about them — but how many people who are not NJ tax attorneys truly understand what a Ponzi scheme is and how it works? Grasp the fundamentals of a Ponzi scheme, and you too can keep yourself from being victimized by perpetuators of this white collar crime.
Unfortunately, about two out of three new clients come to our firm because they have a problem with their signed contract or legal documentation. Too late, they have received the previously unconsidered information that their contract does not have a jurisdictional provision (so they are being sued in Idaho); or their contract doesn’t allow for....
A copyright infringement battle that has been ongoing for over a decade may soon find itself at the steps of 1 First Street NE. On December 6, 2011, a petition of certiorari was filed in the case of Perfect 10, Inc. v. Google, Inc. (11-704).
The reason that SOPA garnered so much attention was largely due to vague language that seemed to provide the government with a very wide scope of power to shut down websites and block access. While the possibility of restrictions may have looked like censorship to a public used to a laissez-faire approach to internet access, the main targets of SOPA were primarily foreign websites that hosted libraries of pirated content.
More and more companies today are involved in social media marketing and have built up followers on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook and other social networking sites. A recent California case against a writer who took his company’s Twitter following when he left and used the account for personal networking may have a significant impact on whether social media contacts are protected against the injurious consequences of employee theft, as is the case with client lists, explains a lawyer.
Following a seemingly worldwide internet protest on the 18th of January 2012, support for the controversial ‘Stop Online Piracy Act’ (SOPA) and ‘Protect Intellectual Property Act’ (PIPA) stalled abruptly as eight members of Congress withdrew their support for the bills.
Here are the facts on SOPA and PIPA and why Wikipedia went black on January 18th, 2012. The arguments for and against SOPA/PIPA are discussed as well as what the effect could be on you, your website and your ultimately your business. By: Maria Crimi Speth and Ashley A. Marton
These days, social media is everywhere. Most people have some sort of social media account, whether it's Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, YouTube, or MySpace. Many people don't realize it, but the social media sites they use every day can hurt a pending personal injury claim. The fact is, insurance adjusters or defense attorneys will use anything they can to deny or discredit a claim. You might not think an adjuster will find his or her way onto your Facebook page, but it happens all the time..
With the democratization of public access to conveying and receiving information that has accompanied the Internet, questions have arisen as to which authors should receive protections from the consequences of defamation claims, explains a lawyer. While legal decisions in Oregon have indicated that only journalists are protected, California courts have focused on the immediacy of the news dissemination, ruling that the authors of news websites, often referred to as bloggers, are also protected.
After almost half a year of ‘corruption lawlessness’, on 7 April 2011, the Law of Ukraine On principles of prevention and countering of corruption in Ukraine, N 3206-VI and the Law of Ukraine On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine concerning responsibility for corruption, N 3207-VI (hereinafter referred to as the “Anti-Corruption Laws”) were finally adopted. Both legislative acts entered into force on 1 July 2011.
12/20/2011 Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Law “On the Amendments to Certain Healthcare Legislation” (regarding strengthening control over the turnover of medicinal products, food products for special dietary consumption, functional food products and dietary additives), more commonly known under the number 7007.
Generic top level domains known as “gTLDs” are about to change. If you are thinking that this may be interesting but has no effect on you or your business, think again. Brand owners have several options for protecting their trademarks in this new unlimited gTLD system. By: Maria Crimi Speth
Personal injury law attorneys often ask us how much it would cost for them to advertise on TV. They, like the rest of us, are witness to the scores of commercials that inundate the airwaves touting scores of firms’ commitment to “fight for you” at virtually no risk to the client (i.e., “We get paid only if you do.”) Many of these firms are known for doing quite well. Hence, it is only reasonable that competitors express interest in duplicating their efforts.
Law Firm Glimstedt presents the overview of tobacco industry in Belarus. The article covers the following matters: current business trends and opportunities, restrictions and advertisement, prices and taxations, production and import requirements.
More than 80 business associations and companies requested U.S. Department of Commerce Secretary John Bryson, to act immediately to urge the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to postpone a new generic top-level domain (gTLD) expansion.
If you have a California corporation, you’ve seen this scam. By way of background, all corporations must file with the California Secretary of State an “Annual Statement of Information.” The form asks for basic information about the corporation such as the names and addresses of the directors and officers, and the filing fee usually is $25.
Debt Relief Websites are they trouble? Make sure you review the terms and conditions of any site before agreeing.
In light of the circumstances, numerous states have enacted "cyber stalking" or cyber harassment" laws or currently possess laws that specifically include electronic forms of communication within more traditional stalking or harassment laws. In addition, many states have enacted "cyber bullying" laws in reaction to issues related to protecting minors from online bullying or harassment.