HG.org Legal Resources

Government Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Government.


California's Real Estate Transfer Disclosure Statement

  August 12, 2016     By Gehres Law Group, P.C.
If you are selling or leasing your home, you must comply with the Real Estate Transfer Disclosure Law. That law requires that sellers provide the prospective buyer with a Real Estate Transfer Disclosure Statement (“TDS”).

Up in the Air: The Future of TASER Usage in the Fourth Circuit

  August 8, 2016     By Lincoln Derr PLLC
What should law enforcement officers do if faced with a “non-criminal” mentally ill man being seized for his own protection, [who is] seated on the ground… hugging a post to ensure his immobility… surrounded by three police officers and two Hospital security guards, [who has] failed to submit to a lawful seizure for only 30 seconds”?

Illegal Price-Fixing Agreements For Beer: Bundeskartellamt Imposes High Fines in Germany

  August 3, 2016     By GRP Rainer LLP
The Bundeskartellamt, Germany’s Federal Cartel Office, has imposed fines totalling 242 million euros due to illegal price-fixing agreements between manufacturers and trading companies.

End-to-End Encryption and a New Understanding of Technology and Software Export Controls

  August 3, 2016     By Torres Law, PLLC
On June 3, 2016, the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) and the State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (“DDTC”) both published in the Federal Register final rules updating a number of definitions in the Export Administration Regulations (“EAR”) (81 Fed. Reg. 35,586) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (“ITAR”) (81 Fed. Reg. 35,611), respectively.

U.S. Customs Audits 101

  August 3, 2016     By Torres Law, PLLC
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP” or “Customs”) determines the import compliance levels of importers through audits. Simultaneously, Customs audits are a highly effective revenue collection mechanism that ensure CBP promotes fair trade practices for American industry. The following article provides a general overview of customs audits and recent developments in this area.

Deemed Exports and Reexports under the Harmonization Rules

  August 2, 2016     By Torres Law, PLLC
One objective of the Export Control Reform Initiative is to harmonize the definitions of terms or concepts that appear in both the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).

Export Compliance Programs

  August 2, 2016     By Torres Law, PLLC
Compliance with the U.S. export control regulations is a significant issue for companies and their legal and compliance teams.

A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words: New North Carolina Law Regarding Body and Dash Cam Footage

  July 22, 2016     By Lincoln Derr PLLC
In North Carolina, footage from a law enforcement officer’s body or dashboard cameras is not considered a public record or personnel record according to a recently passed law that goes into effect October 1. North Carolina joins five other states—Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Oregon, and South Carolina— in making this determination.

The Problem of Disabled Prisoners

  July 20, 2016     By Hebets & McCallin
On July 26 the Americans with Disabilities Act turns 26 years old. This civil rights act not only barred discrimination against those with disabilities but advanced services, accommodations and access across all public agencies.

The Fundamental Reform of the Judicial System of Ukraine

  July 15, 2016     By SDM Partners Law Firm
The new Ukrainian law simplifies procedures on access to justice, provides fundamental reform of the judicial system of Ukraine pursuant to international regulations and standards and increases the independence of judges. Now Ukraine is entitled to recognize the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court under the terms of Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Fighting Fraud and Corruption: The DOJs New FCPA Pilot Program

  July 20, 2016     By Torres Law, PLLC
The Department of Justice (DOJ) recently announced its creation of a new pilot program designed to encourage companies to voluntarily self-disclose Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) violations in exchange for penalty mitigation.

Trade Through a Single Window

  July 15, 2016     By Torres Law, PLLC
On February 19, 2014 President Obama signed executive order 13659. This executive order titled “Streamlining the Export/Import Process for American Businesses” was implemented to modernize and simplify the way executive governments and agencies interact with traders.

(Not Quite) Open for Business: Recent Changes to Cuba and Iran Policy Tease New Opportunities

  July 15, 2016     By Torres Law, PLLC
The United States government has maintained for some time a strict economic sanctions regime targeting Iran and a comprehensive embargo targeting Cuba. Both of these regimes were designed to deny those countries access to the U.S. financial system by generally prohibiting U.S. persons from engaging in nearly any transaction involving Iran or Cuba and their nationals.

The Customs Reauthorization Bill: The Most Immediate and Practical Impacts

  July 15, 2016     By Torres Law, PLLC
Initially introduced in April 2015, the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act (the Act), also known as the Customs Reauthorization Bill, was finally enacted in February 2016.

Why You Should Consider a Lobbyist

  July 11, 2016     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
While often criticized, lobbying is constitutionally protected as free speech (although it comes with a price tag!) and occurs at every level of government. It's art more than science, requiring adroit persuasive talents and deep empathetic sensitivities, and shares skill sets with occupations such as public relations and management consulting.

Legislation Imposed on E-Cigarettes

  July 8, 2016     By DiTomaso Law
On May 5, 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) passed legislation imposing rules on e-cigarettes after nearly ten years of the product being available to consumers.

How to Stop Your Georgia Drivers' License from Getting Suspended

  July 6, 2016     By William C. Head, PC
Arrested for DUI? Is your license suspended? Your suspended license MUST be appealed. Georgia requires any Georgia DDS appeal to be filed within 10 business days, and this is a HARD deadline.

Injuries Involving the Government

  June 30, 2016     By HG.org
Many injuries occur between private citizens. Some cases involve businesses. These cases tend to be more straight-forward than cases in which the government is named as a defendant due to complex legal issues.

Gun Laws in Colorado

  June 29, 2016     By Hebets & McCallin
The Denver Post recently reported that applications for concealed carry permits have skyrocketed in Colorado this year. Some say this is a response to mass shootings, like the recent tragedies in Paris, San Bernardino, Colorado Springs and Orlando, others argue that this kind of increased access to weapons is part of the problem. Regardless of how you feel about guns, Coloradans should know what the rules are in our state.

EU Referendum: The Votes Are In, What Now?

  June 28, 2016     By Dixcart Legal Limited
It’s been a whole full working day and a weekend since the UK (well, just over half of those who turned out to vote) decided the UK should leave the EU. Following on from our recent article we look at what’s happened so far and what should, or could, happen next.

Bystanders Injured in Police Pursuits

  June 24, 2016     By HG.org
When police suspect criminal activity is afoot, a police pursuit may give rise. While the law enforcement officer is attempting to capture a criminal, sometimes innocent people wind up injured because of such pursuits. When this occurs, questions arise as to the liability of the parties involved.

New Indiana Law Makes it Illegal to Leave a Crashed Vehicle in the Road

  June 24, 2016     By The Law Office of William W. Hurst
House Bill No. 1048 will add a section to the Indiana Code that makes it illegal for vehicles involved in an accident to remain on the road. As of July 1, 2016, crashed vehicles will be required to move off the road as quickly as possible.

Plan Bay Area: An Evaluation by California Land Use Lawyers

  June 16, 2016     By Kassouni Law
California land use lawyers have filed suit against the Association of Bay Area Governments in an effort to preserve Californians' constitutionally protected property rights

Florida “Murderabilia” and “Son of Sam” Laws

  June 15, 2016     By Kenneth Padowitz P.A.
It is the times really, crime fascinates our society, and the morbid curiosity for all things crime can be nauseating at extreme levels. The biggest culprits for the advance of this crime fascination are the media and cinema.

It's Time to Prepare for the Legislative Off-Season

  June 14, 2016     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
It's nearly half-way through the 2016 legislative interim and we’re right around the corner from the 2017 legislative session. For many, this is the perfect time to lay the groundwork for the next legislative session. What can you do to prepare for the next session? With the help of an experienced Texas lobbyist you can begin to prepare your legislation for next session, start a grassroots or media campaign for public support and find the right legislator to sponsor your bill.

New Rules at Bay: The New Public Procurement Contracts Law and Questions of Enforceability in the EU

  June 13, 2016     By Michalopoulou & Associates
The new 4281/2014 law which was published on August 8th 2014, already discussed in some of our previous articles, has not yet been applied due to recent developments on EU legislation. In particular, its purpose has been to form a new harmonized legal context which will regulate the public procurement contract procedure, as well as implementing European directives 2004/17/EC and 2004/18/EC on tender procedures.

"Parole In Place" for Family Members of U.S. Military Service Members and Former U.S. Military Service Members

  May 27, 2016     By Law Offices of Grinberg & Segal
The Attorney General has limited discretionary authority to grant parole to an alien who is in the United States without an immigration status. This exercise of parole is called “parole in place.”

Federal Regulations for Self-Driving Cars

Self-driving cars are one of the latest technological advances in the automobile industry. According to certain automobile companies, self-driving cars that require occasional driver intervention are only a few years away, and completely self-driving cars are not far behind.

Increased Enforcement of Defense Export Control in Israel - First Criminal Trial Ruling

The intent behind the Defense Export Control law, 2007 ("the law"), and the various regulations and orders enacted thereunder, is to regulate defense export on the grounds of national security, foreign policy, international commitments, and other crucial interests of the State of Israel.

Firework Laws in Fort Worth - What's Illegal?

Every year around the Fourth of July and New Year's, we get tons of questions about firework laws in Fort Worth. Given the hazard of fireworks, there are a number of Texas laws that control their sale and use.

Spoliation in Georgia

The changes made by the Georgia Supreme Court in June of 2015 in regards to spoliation in the State of Georgia.

Illinois House Votes to Eliminate Red Light Cameras, But Not in Chicago

On April 22, the Illinois House passed a measure that would eliminate red light cameras in about 35 communities, but not in Chicago.

Invalid Clauses in Riester Retirement Plans – Unravelling Pension Schemes and Life Insurance Policies in Germany

Clauses in Riester retirement plans (government-subsidized private pension schemes) dealing with surplus sharing have been declared ineffective by the BGH (Bundesgerichtshof – Federal Court of Justice) (Az.: IV ZR 38/14). Consumers may also be able to withdraw from their pension schemes and life insurance policies.

VA Disability Benefits

  By HG.org
Veterans, servicemembers and survivors may be eligible to receive VA disability benefits if certain circumstances arise.

New Guidelines on Contempt by the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh

Contempt of Court is a serious offense. A person can be said to be in contempt for being disobedient to or disrespectful towards any Court of law. The justice system is one of the most important pillars of a democracy and people failing to respect a Court, its process, directions, orders or decrees may have serious consequences in the long run if the practice spreads among the population.

Apple vs. The FBI

Last month a federal magistrate judge in California ordered Apple to bypass the security protocols on an iPhone 5 that belonged to one of the San Bernardino shooters. This public order ushered in what has become a national spectacle, pitting the FBI and many Americans against Apple and Privacy proponents.

The Consular and Diplomatic Protection: The State’s Law and the Supranational Legal Orders

The consular and diplomatic protection's public law studied the interaction between the State’s law and the supranational legal orders

Formal Colonel Explains What To Do When You’re Under Investigation by the Military

What should you do if you are being investigation by the military?

Change in Smoking Law in Romania

In the 1930’s smoking was seen as the “in” thing to do. Social and economic pressure was such that no-one knew or cared about the consequences of smoking. This was also true in the 1950’s and early 1960’s. Romania allowed this until recently.

ESCO Act – New Opportunities for Ukraine

Low level of energy efficiency is long and justified considered to be the number one problem of the Ukrainian economy. Therefore, the introduction of ESCO Act in May 2015 – «On the introduction of new investment opportunities, guarantee of rights and legal interests for businesses entities for major modernization of energy sector» is currently important.

The Defense Base Act: A Brief History and Explanation of the Administration of Benefits

The Defense Base Act is a federal workers' compensation program, which provides medical and wage-replacement benefits to military contractors injured while working on a wide variety of U.S. defense projects worldwide.

The Zone of Special Danger Doctrine and the Defense Base Act

The Zone of Special Danger Doctrine has been the subject of numerous lawsuits under the Longshore & Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, and the Defense Base Act. What is it? How have the courts applied it to claims? Where did it originate?

Regulating Foreign NGOs in China – Draft Foreign NGO Law

Very fast growing number of foreign non-governmental organizations (“NGO”) operate in China. However, the laws regulating them are few, vague and inadequate. Currently, only the Regulation for the Administration of Foundations applies for NGOs to establish representative offices in China. As such, some of the existing foreign NGOs in China operate as business enterprises whilst others may even remain unregistered and thus unregulated.

Public-Private Partnership: Ukraine and International Experience

Topical today remains an interest in public-private partnerships. In a broad sense, public-private partnership is seen as the interaction of government and business (one or more) for the funding and management of special state or municipal institutions in various fields.

Doing Business in Cote d’Ivoire: New Steps for a More Attractive Business Climate

On regional level, Cote d’Ivoire belongs to three major regional entities: The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), The West-African economic and monetary Union (WAEMU). These countries share the same currency, the same central bank (BCEAO), and the same business law. The Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA)

Doing Business in Cameroon: Key Issues to Be Aware Of

Cameroon is described as the largest economy of Central Africa because of its demographics (20 million), with an area of 475,442 km², and a diversified economy. As a state party to the Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA) and the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), Cameroon has adopted financial regulations enacted for the whole countries of CEMAC.

Use of E-mails as Evidence in Ukrainian Courts

Ukrainian legislation does not establish a clear field of application and the use of electronic documents and e-mails in the business and common activities. Even professional lawyers do not have a clear answer for this question, because of that judges in court consider use of electronic communications (e-mail) as evidence arbitrarily. What do Laws of Ukraine say about electronic documents and e-mails?

Proposed Changes to Trucking Industry Standards

Despite concerns from the Department of Transportation, police and a large number of respondents in a recent poll on truck safety, Congress is considering a bill that would allow trucks to increase in size and allow drivers to work longer hours without a mandated break.

Polygamous Marriage and Family Visa in Italy

In the last decade Italy has increased by more than 35% the number of spouses or children arrived in our Country that use the institution of family reunification Visa. About 1% of it concerns people that have multiple wives. Can these people get an Italian Visa for family reasons?

Police Investigations

Exercise Your Right To Remain Silent. Generally when the police contact an individual who is suspected of a crime, whether or not the subject of that investigation has committed a crime or not, the best advice for that subject is to remain silent.

Obama Commutes Demaryius Thomas’ Mom’s Sentence

“I believe at its heart, America is a nation of second chances, and I believe these folks deserve their second chance.” - President Obama

Jury Nullification

Jury nullification is making headlines in Denver and in particular in front of the Lindsey-Flanigan Courthouse, where activists have been distributing fliers about nullification and fighting charges against other activists who have done the same, since July of this summer.

Are We Able to Smoke Pot in Public in Colorado Yet?

The short answer at this point is no. While an initiative was introduced earlier this year to permit public smoking in certain areas, activists just announced they are pulling the initiative from the ballot and seeking a more collaborative effort between themselves and local businesses in Denver.

Laws for Large Breed Dogs in New Jersey

On May 11, 2015 the Responsible Dog Ownership Act was introduced in New Jersey by Democrat assembly members.

Issues with the Amber Alert System

The Amber Alert System was created in 1996 after the abduction of nine-year-old Amber Hagerman in Texas.

Railroad Industry Safety Under Scrutiny

The Association of American Railroads claim stating 2014 was “the safest year on record for the railroad industry” is under scrutiny by train safety advocates. Five train accidents, including the catastrophic Amtrak train derailment in Philadelphia, have occurred this year.

New Jersey Health Care Lawyers Discuss Proposed Changes to Stark Law

In July of 2015, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published proposed modifications to the Stark Law regulations [Section 1877 of the Social Security Act (the Act) (42 U.S.C. 1395nn)].

How The Government Can Take Your Property

A new bill has been introduced to end forfeiture funding of the DEA’s Marijuana Suppression programs. The bill is a bipartisan effort to modify was has become a widely abused system of asset forfeiture from innocent citizens, who in many cases have not even been charged with any crimes.

New Law on Professional Fees in the City of Buenos Aires

On November 27, 2014 Law No. 5,134, which regulates lawyers’ and solicitors’ fees who work in the City of Buenos Aires (hereafter the “Law”), was published in the Official Gazette.

Federal Minor Role is Major

Much of my practice deals with defending individuals who import methamphetamine into the United States. Anyone who has practiced federal criminal law knows that the penalties are daunting. In many case a defendant would receive less time for attempting to escape and running over and seriously injuring a custom’s agent than for the charge of importation of methamphetamine.

Texas Veterans Court Eligibility Gets Much-Needed Expansion from Texas Legislature

That past legislative session, the Texas legislature made change to the eligibility requirements for Texas' Veterans Courts, introducing more discretion into the process. These courts are an important part of taking care of the veterans support our freedom by providing a diversion and treatment program.

Public Procurement Disputes in Romania

For both local Romanian investors and also foreign investors interested in obtaining public contracts in Romania it is very important to be familiar with the local public procurement legislation, out of which the most delicate part is the one pertaining to the public procurement disputes.

Settlement for Baby's Death at Military Hospital

When a four-month-old’s parents brought her to the Emergency Room at Tripler Army Medical Center in Honolulu, Hawaii on October 18, 2012, their infant had been suffering from an upper respiratory infection accompanied by labored breathing.

Changes in Advertising Law of Russia

Provisions of the Advertising Law are detailed as regards limiting the sound level for advertisements entered into effect on May 25, 2015. Illegal use of intellectual property in advertising does not violate advertising laws. Stricter liability for credit institutions for violations in advertising financial services.

The Obligation of the use of Indonesian Rupiah in the Territory of the Republic of Indonesia

  By Leks&Co
Bank Indonesia Regulation No. 17/3 /PBI/2015 on the Obligation of the Use of Indonesian Rupiah in the territory of the Republic of Indonesia (“PBI 17/3/PBI/2015“) is a new legislation enacted by Bank Indonesia which is based on the law that has been previously promulgated, namely Law No. 7 of 2011 on the Currency (“Law No. 7/2011“).

Federal Tort Claims Act Practice Alert: U.S. v. Wong

According to the United States Supreme Court, the two- year and six- month time limits in 28 U.S.C.§ 2401(b) of the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) "are just time limits, nothing more. Even though they govern litigation against the Government, a court can toll them on equitable grounds."

Standard of Proof in Impeachment Kenya

The new constitutional dispensation has given rise to the new faze that is impeachment of county governors.

Legal Basis for Property Rates in Kenya

Property rates are a key revenue source for the Kenyan National Government.

The Unified Judiciary Law of GCC

In 34th Session of the Supreme Council of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) the council agreed that The Unified Judiciary law of GCC.

Efficacy and Validity in International Law

Compliance and its relation to validity is one of the central points in the discussions related to the international law. H Kelsen stated that ‘the efficacy of law constitutes a condition of the validity of law’[1], where efficacy refers to ‘whether law is actually observed’[2] and ‘validity whether law must be observed’[3].

Rectification of Canadian Tax Problems

Over the last fifteen years Canadian tax law has undergone a remarkable evolution in the legal remedies available to assist in fixing tax mistakes. Over this period, tax rectification has developed from being virtually unknown, to being a potent addition to tax lawyers' arsenal of tools available to fix tax problems.

Can Anyone Stop Me From Putting Up a Satellite Dish?

  By HG.org
As options for television channels have increased, satellite TV has become a very popular alternative to cable. Unfortunately, to receive these broadcasts, one needs to install a satellite dish on the outside of a building, and this can lead to disputes. Thus, many ask “can anyone stop me from putting up a satellite dish?”

How Do I Run for Office?

  By HG.org
Every year, thousands of citizens in the United States decide that they would like to make a change in the way the country runs. To do this, they opt to run for office. Whether a local position or a national office, running for election can be complicated. What do you need to know in order to get your campaign started?

Are There Any Ways to Fight Big Businesses Moving Into the Neighborhood?

  By HG.org
The American economy has changed quite a bit over the last few decades. One of the biggest changes over the last 100 years has been a shift away from small, family owned stores to the “big box” megastore.

Documents Mistakenly Disclosed: Litigation Privilege

When will the courts disallow the use of documents that have been fraudulently or mistakenly obtained? A recent case in the UK has given useful guidance on when ‘privileged’ documents could be used in the course of litigation.

The Federal Sentencing Battle

The overhaul of federal sentencing law with the enactment of the United States Sentencing Guidelines, (U.S.S.G.) , had a noble but flawed goal The basic idea was that sentencing uniformity and therefore fairness could be achieved by reducing the myriad acts of criminal behavior and offender characteristics to a number.

Private Party Submission Form for a Proposal to Conclude a Concession Agreement Approved in Russia

Starting from May 1, 2015 a private party can submit a proposal to conclude a concession agreement in the established form.

What Does the FDA Do

  By HG.org
If you have ever looked at a warning label on food or medicine, you may have noticed something that said “FDA Warning,” or “The FDA requires.” But what is the FDA, what does it do, and how does it enforce its rules?

Common Defenses for a Breach of Contract Claim

Breach of contract claims — when one party sues another for failing to deliver on the terms of a written or oral agreement — are one of the most common business disputes in Florida courts today. Consequently, it is useful for Florida business owners to be aware of some of the common defenses for a breach of contract claim:

International Payment Systems to Transfer Processing Inside Russia

Transactions inside Russia with the use of international payment cards will be processed within the Russian National System of Payment Cards (NSPC)

Administrative Liability for Unauthorized Use of Land in Russia has Increased

Federal Law No.46-FZ “On amending the Administrative Offences Code of the Russian Federation,” increasing the administrative liability for unlawful use of land parcels (the “Federal Law”) was adopted on March 08, 2015, namely:

Three Giant Steps Forward for Federal Criminal Law

While the country has been focused on ISIS and issues with domestic espionage, the current administration under United States Attorney General Eric Holder has made three major changes in federal sentencing law.

Warratless Blood Draw in DUI Investigation

In Missouri v. McNeely, the United States Supreme Court decided that a blood draw is a search which is protected under the Fourth Amendment.

Florida Military Ex-Spouses Should Review Benefits after Divorce

Many Florida residents who are ex-spouses of military personnel may be unaware that they may be eligible for benefits after they have been divorced.

Federal Sentencing: Follow the Yellow Brick Road

When I think of a judge imposing a federal sentence, my mind often drifts to the Wizard Of Oz and that little masked man standing behind the curtain.

How Does the Foreigner Validate Documents Issued in Ukraine?

The largest part of all documents confirming one or another status of the foreign person by some country will require a further legalization according to current regulations of any other country, where a foreign national plans to work and/or reside in the future.

Military Sexual Assault Issues

The U.S. Defense Department released its findings about the incidence of sexual assault and rape in our nation’s military. The report includes statistics from an anonymous survey and from reported incidents on file. According to the department’s results, the number of sexual assaults decreased over the past two years. In 2012, the survey found 26,000 victims of sexual assault in the military which decreased to 19,000 in 2014. These incidents are for unwanted sexual conduct including rape.

Legally Insane: The Insanity Defense

The insanity defense is one of the least successful defenses in a criminal case. The determination of the suspect’s mental state at the time of the criminal offense, as well as at the time of trial can be a challenging task; the defense actually has the burden of proof in Federal cases, as well as most State charges, in showing the defendant to be insane.

Outline of the Law on Defence Industrial Security and Classified Military Information in Turkey

Law No 5201, Defence Industrial Security Law, dated 29.06.2004 is the principle document regulates the Turkish defence industry and set forth the legal framework of all classified military agreement, information, documentation, project, purchase, sell, manufacturing, research and development, storage of material or services, facilities to conduct those activities related to defence industry excluding the staff of and the facilities belong to Turkish Armed Forces.

Supervision of Industrial Organizations Manufacturing Military Equipment in Turkey

The arms industry with over 600 modernization projects is booming in Turkey. The government policies in manufacturing and new offset regulations towards to domestic procurement ensure continuous transformation and development. The 2023 vision of the government is to be ranked in first ten countries in defense industry and to manufacture all ground vehicles, marine vessels and unmanned aerial vehicles domestically.

Doing Business in Cuba

In January 2015 the Treasury Department issued regulations to establish banking relations and allow U.S. companies to export items for sale in Cuba without the trade barriers that have existed for decades. While some Republican leaders have criticized Obama’s actions, normal relations with Cuba are only a matter of time and the opportunities for attorneys representing American and European companies wishing to pursue commercial opportunities in Cuba have never been greater.

Victims of Mesothelioma Cancer Due to Asbestos Exposure Have Legal Rights

Individuals who have developed mesothelioma cancer, asbestosis, lung cancer, or other diseases linked to asbestos exposure may be eligible to file a lawsuit and receive compensation for the injuries and the cost of medical care.

How Does the Federal Reserve System (the “Fed”) Work?

  By HG.org
We have all heard about how interest rates might be going up when the economy is improving or how interest rates fall as the economy suffers. But how are these rates set? Who determines what the rates should be? What keeps interest rates from continuing to climb while the economy declines?

The Spanish Government Grants a ‘’Second Chance’’ to Non-Resident Pensioners

Included in the Draft Tax Reform of Income Tax Law for Non-residents is a significant modifying rule that could be described as a "second chance" to allow those non-residents who have not declared foreign pensions received to rectify the situation.

Five Ways Not to Become a Blind Mule

Yes, it does happen. While the majority of those who are arrested at the international border with cars laden with narcotics know that of their illicit cargo, there are the occasional blind mules –those who were duped by strangers, business associates or even loved ones to carry the contraband.

What Are The Laws Regarding Declaring War?

  By HG.org
Since its inception, the U.S. has been required to take military action of one sort or another under every president and administration, even before the United States of America had a Constitution. Since the creation of the U.S. Constitution, however, the United States has had laws regarding declaring war. Certain military actions can be taken without formal declarations of war, others cannot. So what are the laws regarding declaring war?

California's Loss of Tesla's $6 Billion Battery Factory

A question of free market vs. government over-regulation to address the issue of environmental sustainability.

Which is Safer: Tap or Bottled Water?

  By HG.org
Each year, millions of Americans consume billions of gallons of water. The boom in the bottled water industry was fueled, in part, by beliefs that bottled water was cleaner and more heavily regulated than tap water. But then a backlash by others in the media showed that much bottle water was simply tap water in a bottle. So, is one form of water more heavily regulated and safer than the other?

What Are My Legal Rights if My Flight Gets Canceled or Delayed?

  By HG.org
Anyone who has done much travel has had to contend with delayed flights or cancellations. Though often unavoidable due to weather or conditions beyond the airline's control, the ones who usually suffer the most are the stranded passengers. So what are your rights if a flight is canceled or delayed?

Collecting on a Supreme Court Judgment in California

It is often said that obtaining a judgment in a California Supreme Court civil case is only half of the process. Once you obtain judgment, you have official proof you won the case and that the defendant owes you money or property. Now you have to collect.


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