Government Law Articles

Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide
discussing legal aspects related to Government.




Can Anyone Stop Me From Putting Up a Satellite Dish?

  May 15, 2015     By HG.org
As options for television channels have increased, satellite TV has become a very popular alternative to cable. Unfortunately, to receive these broadcasts, one needs to install a satellite dish on the outside of a building, and this can lead to disputes. Thus, many ask “can anyone stop me from putting up a satellite dish?”

How Do I Run for Office?

  May 12, 2015     By HG.org
Every year, thousands of citizens in the United States decide that they would like to make a change in the way the country runs. To do this, they opt to run for office. Whether a local position or a national office, running for election can be complicated. What do you need to know in order to get your campaign started?

Are There Any Ways to Fight Big Businesses Moving Into the Neighborhood?

  May 12, 2015     By HG.org
The American economy has changed quite a bit over the last few decades. One of the biggest changes over the last 100 years has been a shift away from small, family owned stores to the “big box” megastore.

The Federal Sentencing Battle

  April 30, 2015     By The Law Office of Russell S. Babcock
The overhaul of federal sentencing law with the enactment of the United States Sentencing Guidelines, (U.S.S.G.) , had a noble but flawed goal The basic idea was that sentencing uniformity and therefore fairness could be achieved by reducing the myriad acts of criminal behavior and offender characteristics to a number.

Private Party Submission Form for a Proposal to Conclude a Concession Agreement Approved in Russia

  April 10, 2015     By Capital Legal Services, L.L.C.
Starting from May 1, 2015 a private party can submit a proposal to conclude a concession agreement in the established form.

What Does the FDA Do

  April 8, 2015     By HG.org
If you have ever looked at a warning label on food or medicine, you may have noticed something that said “FDA Warning,” or “The FDA requires.” But what is the FDA, what does it do, and how does it enforce its rules?

Common Defenses for a Breach of Contract Claim

  April 3, 2015     By Jurado & Farshchian, P.L.
Breach of contract claims — when one party sues another for failing to deliver on the terms of a written or oral agreement — are one of the most common business disputes in Florida courts today. Consequently, it is useful for Florida business owners to be aware of some of the common defenses for a breach of contract claim:

International Payment Systems to Transfer Processing Inside Russia

  March 20, 2015     By Capital Legal Services, L.L.C.
Transactions inside Russia with the use of international payment cards will be processed within the Russian National System of Payment Cards (NSPC)

Administrative Liability for Unauthorized Use of Land in Russia has Increased

  March 20, 2015     By Capital Legal Services, L.L.C.
Federal Law No.46-FZ “On amending the Administrative Offences Code of the Russian Federation,” increasing the administrative liability for unlawful use of land parcels (the “Federal Law”) was adopted on March 08, 2015, namely:

Three Giant Steps Forward for Federal Criminal Law

  March 17, 2015     By The Law Office of Russell S. Babcock
While the country has been focused on ISIS and issues with domestic espionage, the current administration under United States Attorney General Eric Holder has made three major changes in federal sentencing law.

Warratless Blood Draw in DUI Investigation

In Missouri v. McNeely, the United States Supreme Court decided that a blood draw is a search which is protected under the Fourth Amendment.

Florida Military Ex-Spouses Should Review Benefits after Divorce

Many Florida residents who are ex-spouses of military personnel may be unaware that they may be eligible for benefits after they have been divorced.

Federal Sentencing: Follow the Yellow Brick Road.

When I think of a judge imposing a federal sentence, my mind often drifts to the Wizard Of Oz and that little masked man standing behind the curtain.

How Does the Foreigner Validate Documents Issued in Ukraine?

The largest part of all documents confirming one or another status of the foreign person by some country will require a further legalization according to current regulations of any other country, where a foreign national plans to work and/or reside in the future.

Military Sexual Assault Issues

The U.S. Defense Department released its findings about the incidence of sexual assault and rape in our nation’s military. The report includes statistics from an anonymous survey and from reported incidents on file. According to the department’s results, the number of sexual assaults decreased over the past two years. In 2012, the survey found 26,000 victims of sexual assault in the military which decreased to 19,000 in 2014. These incidents are for unwanted sexual conduct including rape.

Legally Insane: The Insanity Defense

The insanity defense is one of the least successful defenses in a criminal case. The determination of the suspect’s mental state at the time of the criminal offense, as well as at the time of trial can be a challenging task; the defense actually has the burden of proof in Federal cases, as well as most State charges, in showing the defendant to be insane.

Outline of the Law on Defence Industrial Security and Classified Military Information in Turkey

Law No 5201, Defence Industrial Security Law, dated 29.06.2004 is the principle document regulates the Turkish defence industry and set forth the legal framework of all classified military agreement, information, documentation, project, purchase, sell, manufacturing, research and development, storage of material or services, facilities to conduct those activities related to defence industry excluding the staff of and the facilities belong to Turkish Armed Forces.

Supervision of Industrial Organizations Manufacturing Military Equipment in Turkey

The arms industry with over 600 modernization projects is booming in Turkey. The government policies in manufacturing and new offset regulations towards to domestic procurement ensure continuous transformation and development. The 2023 vision of the government is to be ranked in first ten countries in defense industry and to manufacture all ground vehicles, marine vessels and unmanned aerial vehicles domestically.

Doing Business in Cuba

In January 2015 the Treasury Department issued regulations to establish banking relations and allow U.S. companies to export items for sale in Cuba without the trade barriers that have existed for decades. While some Republican leaders have criticized Obama’s actions, normal relations with Cuba are only a matter of time and the opportunities for attorneys representing American and European companies wishing to pursue commercial opportunities in Cuba have never been greater.

Victims of Mesothelioma Cancer Due to Asbestos Exposure Have Legal Rights

Individuals who have developed mesothelioma cancer, asbestosis, lung cancer, or other diseases linked to asbestos exposure may be eligible to file a lawsuit and receive compensation for the injuries and the cost of medical care.

The Collection of Biometric Personal Data of Foreigners Entering Russia

Russian president signed a decree on November 24, 2014 "On the collection of biometric personal data of foreign citizens and stateless persons." According to the decree on December 10, 2014 will be introduced the collection of biometric personal data of foreign citizens and stateless persons when making visa to enter Russia or transit visa to travel through the territory of the Russian Federation.

Principle of Reciprocity in Relations between Russia and Foreign States will be Established

A draft law on the proposed legislation enshrines the principle of reciprocity in relations between the Russian Federation and foreign states are considered by the State Duma.

New Order of Sharing Personal Income Tax of Foreign Employees in Russia

The procedure for the payment of personal income tax on income for foreign employees has been clarified. Russian president signed a federal law on November 24, 2014 № 374-FZ "On Amendments to Article 50 and 56 of the Budget Code of the Russian Federation".

Russia Establishes Quotas for Temporary Residence Permits

The Russian government has determined quotas for foreign citizens and stateless persons for temporary residence permits in the Russian Federation in 2015.

A New Procedure for Notifying the Federal Migration Service in Russia on Attracting and Using Highly Qualified Specialists

From 1 January 2015, the procedure for notifying authorities about attracting and using highly qualified specialists will be changed.

Mandatory Biometric Registration in Russia?

The State Duma was sent a draft law on mandatory biometric registration of citizens of Russia. According to the authors of the draft law, mandatory biometric registration will allow getting away from the practice of presenting identity documents and will allow solving problems in the law and in the social sphere in time.

The Spanish Government Grants a ‘’Second Chance’’ to Non-Resident Pensioners

Included in the Draft Tax Reform of Income Tax Law for Non-residents is a significant modifying rule that could be described as a "second chance" to allow those non-residents who have not declared foreign pensions received to rectify the situation.

Foreign Employees Who Violate the Law Will be Forbidden Entry to Russia for 10 years.

The State Duma had supported in the first reading amendments to the law on the limitation of entry into Russia for a period of up to 10 years for those who violate the provisions of their temporary stay in the country.

A Transitional Period of Labor Law in the Republic of Crimea

Federal Law dated 14.10.2014 N 299-FZ "On features for the application of certain provisions of federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, containing norms of labor law, in connection with the acceptance into the Russian Federation of the Republic of Crimea and the formation within the Russian Federation of new subjects – the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol "

The Russian President Signed a Law Limiting Foreign Participation in the Media

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a federal law limiting the participation of foreigners in the Russian media.

Employers in Russia Will Compensate Employee Relocation Costs to Other Regions

The Russian government has submitted to the State Duma a bill that provides compensation for the costs of relocating employees to other regions.

Armenian Citizens Can Work Without Permits in Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

In October 2014, Armenia signed the Treaty of Accession to the Eurasian Economic Union, which already includes Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan.

Citizens of Kyrgyzstan Will Be Able to Work in Russia Without a Work Permit

The Deputy Minister of Labor, Migration and youth of Kyrgyzstan proposed a simplified procedure in Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan for citizens of Kyrgyzstan.

Foreigners Will Be Able to Receive a Pension in Russia

According to a bill signed by the President of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens of countries in the Eurasian Economic Union will be able to receive a pension in Russia.

Length of Stay of Foreign Citizens in the Territory of Russia Will Be Reduced

Length of stay of foreign citizens in the territory of Russia will be reduced.

Public Chamber of the Russian Federation Regarding "On Migration Control"

Public Chamber of the Russian Federation held a hearing to discuss issues on improving legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of migration control. Part of the hearing dealt with the basic provisions of the second version of the bill "On Immigration Control of the Russian Federation".

Citizens of CIS Countries May Enter the Russian Federation with Foreign Passports

From 1 January 2015, citizens of CIS countries will enter the Russian Federation with foreign passports.

Russia and Mongolia Abolished Visas Requirements

The Presidents of the Russian Federation and Mongolia signed an agreement on conditions of mutual travel of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of Mongolia.

As of January 1, 2015, Foreign Citizens Will Not Be Required to Obtain Work Permits in Russia

On November 24, the President of the Russian Federation signed the Federal Law eliminating the need for foreign citizens obtaining a work permit in the Russian Federation who arrived via a visa-free regime. From January 1 2015 for the implementation of the work in Russia CIS citizens have to be issued a patent. The patent will allow the specified foreign citizens to work as for legal entities and for physical persons.

Patent Will Be 4,000 Rubles Per Month for Foreign Nationals in Russia

Currently, the Moscow City Duma is considering a bill to increase the value of the patent (the size of the tax on personal income, charged monthly) to 4,000 rubles.

Five Ways Not to Become a Blind Mule

Yes, it does happen. While the majority of those who are arrested at the international border with cars laden with narcotics know that of their illicit cargo, there are the occasional blind mules –those who were duped by strangers, business associates or even loved ones to carry the contraband.

California's Loss of Tesla's $6 Billion Battery Factory

A question of free market vs. government over-regulation to address the issue of environmental sustainability.

Collecting on a Supreme Court Judgment in California

It is often said that obtaining a judgment in a California Supreme Court civil case is only half of the process. Once you obtain judgment, you have official proof you won the case and that the defendant owes you money or property. Now you have to collect.

Simplified Admission to Citizenship of the Russian Federation by Foreign Entrepreneurs and Investors

Russian Ministry of Economic Development has identified economic activities, the implementation of which the individual entrepreneurs and foreign investors are entitled to receive a simple Russian citizenship.

Intellectual Property Rights in the Turkish Defense Industry

The intellectual property rights (IP) are conceptually is linked to both intellectual and industrial rights in Turkish legislation.

Collecting from an Out of Business Company or Employer

Collecting on a judgment even in ideal circumstances can often be a time-consuming and complex process, and that presumes the debtor is solvent, and doing business and/or making money. When the judgment enforcement against a debtor who is a company or legal entity, which appears to be (or is) out of business, the process can be considerably more troublesome and taxing.

If Your Spouse Files for Divorce While on Deployment

Even under the best of circumstances a marriage can be difficult and often times will not work out. Being a service member whose duty at times requires overseas deployment for long periods of time can lend even more strain.

Georgia's Doctrine of Sovereign Immunity Does Not Prevent Surety from Suing State

In a very recent case, the Georgia Supreme Court upheld the lower courts' decisions to allow a performance bond company (who had to complete a public works project) to sue the State of Georgia for its default.

Some Changes of the Revised Regulation of the Supervision on Medical Instruments of China

Regulation of the Supervision on Medical Instruments was revised and published by the State Council of People’s Republic of China on Mar. 7, 2014.

The Procurement Principles in Turkish Defense Industry

In Turkey, many of the governmental authorities shall apply to procurement of goods, services or works under Public Procurement Law #4734 (PPL). In the same manner, the contracts in public purchase of goods, services and works refer to this law’s “contract principles” indicated in the Public Procurement Contract Law (#4735) (PPCL). But it had better to lay emphasis on an exception for defense issues under law#4734.

New Directive on Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks in Turkey

Directorate General of Civil Aviation the regulatory body of civil aviation in Turkey, has promulgated a new Directive on aircraft nationality and registration marks on 12 September 2014 aiming to meet the requirements of Annex-7 of ICAO that will be applied to all existing registered or future registered aircrafts on DGCA registry.

Turkish Defense Industry: A Step Towards a Nation-Oriented Production

A nation has six major elements of its nation-oriented power that are based on politics, economy, psycho-social issues, military capability, manpower and the geostrategic location. These bring more flexibility in countries’ regional strategy and add value for superiority in its region.

Colur, my Colour - Registration of Colour Marks, a Global Overview

Feeling blue or are you seeing red because you are turning green with jealousy at the neighbor’s new car? Colors are not only used to describe the emotions we feel, but they are imperative in our world. Universally red means ‘stop’ and green means ‘go’ and traffic lights across the world send this message. It should come as no surprise that colors hold a great importance and are increasingly used as trademarks (color marks) in the marketplace.

Dust Up Between Surfers and Kholsa Could Spell the End of Private Beach Access in California

Should a property owner have to get a coastal development permit before he can close the gate to his private property? The Surfrider Foundation thinks so, and if it wins its current lawsuit against Vinod Khosla that could soon be the law of the land in California.

Reverse Mortgages and HECMs—What You Need To Know

Reverse mortgages can be a good option for homeowners at or near retirement age in need of additional income. But there are strings attached. Read on to learn what you need to know before starting the process.

8 Simple Changes To Improve Your Construction Contracts

In today's cut-and-paste world, even leading contract attorneys make mistakes. If you want to make your contracts easier to read and promote a problem-free project, then consider implementing some of the changes which we have suggested here.

Wisconsin Voter ID Law Struck Down-What Could That Mean For Virginia?

A strict Voter ID law was struck down in Wisconsin, just as Virginia prepares to implement its own similar law.

Don't Make a Mistake--Read Your Contract

Last week, the Georgia Court of Appeals rendered a decision which is detrimental to subcontractor who do not thoroughly read and understand their construction contracts. The contract included a provision which made the individual signing the contract on behalf of the subcontract company personally liable for the contract's performance. The court permitted this provision to be enforced against the signatory.

Legal Implications of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

European Union and the United States are currently negotiating the biggest free trade agreement in history. If concluded the new agreement will create a free trade zone that will include more than 800 million inhabitants as consumers and together with the United States will consist of 29 substantial economies that can muster the 37 % of the total world economic out put.

The Supreme Court’s Decision in Susan B Anthony List v Driehaus -a Victory for Civil Rights Plaintiffs

Say that you need a permit to pursue your chosen occupation, but you believe that the costly administrative procedure to acquire said permit is unconstitutional. You have been ticketed for operating without a permit, and have every reason to believe that you will be ticketed again, but you have yet to be arrested and thrown in jail. Can you bring a suit alleging the law to be unconstitutional, or do you first have to be arrested or submit to the costly permit procedure before you can sue?

U.S Defense Industry: The Issue of Re-Export to the Third Countries

One of the most intricate aspects of the United States' export regime that regulates the export of defense related items is the issue of re-export of the U.S defense items to the third countries. Since the issue has beyond commercial ramifications related with national security, it has been one of the most strictly regulated areas of the U.S export regime.

IRS Changing Terms for Offshore Account Holders

  By Brown, PC
U.S. taxpayers hiding assets abroad should take note of the Internal Revenue Service’s plan to sharply increase penalties for such acts, while those who unintentionally fail to disclose offshore accounts will experience much more leniency.

US Defense Industry: The Impact of ITAR for the Business

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) is one of the key components of the United States‘ export regime regulating the defense related items and the items that have dual use features.

U.S Defense Industry: The Overwhelming Importance of the Export Regime

Since its inception in 1919 the American Defense industry has been one of the key industries of the United States where stringent regulations have been in place given the critical nature of the industry for the national security.

TTIP: Who Will Benefit from Better Compliance and Trade Dispute Resolution?

The economic relations between European Union and the United States have been far from smooth. Even during the Cold War, when the two economic powers were supposed to be on the same side of the Cold War divide, rows occurred that led to a serious political tensions.

New Rules in Albania for Combating Late Payment in Commercial Transactions

Invoices released to business and public entities are now an executive title in Albania.

Navy Again Requires Self-Reporting of Arrests and Prosecutions

As part of its personnel management directed by Congress, the Navy is using civilian misconduct as a indicator for discharging persons.

Adjustment to the Standards of Certain Livelihood-related Security and Treatment

Shanghai has raised a series of livelihood-related security and treatment standards since April 1st, 2014, including the standards of minimum salary, unemployment insurance benefits, employment subsidies and employment injury insurance as well as disbursement ceiling of the overall fund of basic medical insurance for urban employees.

Fraud Technical Advisors: An End-Run Around Tweel?

United States v. Tweel is the most famous example of a motion to suppress in a tax case. In Tweel, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals held that it constitutes trickery, fraud, and deceit for the IRS to conduct a criminal investigation under the guise of a civil examination. Because of how fact-sensitive the holding of this case is, a recitation of the facts is necessary.

Healthcare Fraud Whistleblower Lawsuits Plentiful

A large portion of the whistleblower lawsuits that are filed are related to the healthcare industry. The government funding of Medicare and Medicaid has lead to the large number of complaints related to healthcare fraud.

The Situation with Clive Bundy in Nevada Shows the True Cost of Government Regulations

To say that the situation in Nevada between federal officials and cattle rancher Clive Bundy has gotten out of hand would be an understatement.

Can I Get Disability For PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)?

I often hear the same questions over and over again related to specific injuries or aliments and whether or not they qualify a person to receive Social Security Disability benefits. This article deals with the question "Can I Get Disability For PTSD?"

Whistleblowers Helping the Public By Exposing Fraud

The 2010 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act was enacted to assist the government with discovering financial fraud. A recent SEC whistleblower received a $14 million dollar reward for reporting a real estate scam.

The Coastal Commission’s support for AB 976 Shows Due Process Apathy

Every monthly meeting the California Coastal Commission releases a list of bills in the current legislative session that it is supporting. It can be a time consuming effort to review all these bills, but sometimes you find a gem that sheds light on the nature of the Commission’s long-term goals, and the read becomes worth it. Last week, the Commission’s monthly report was well worth the read.

Telecommunication In Nigeria

Broadcasting and telecommunication has come a long way in Nigeria. Formally these services were considered social services in nature hence private companies were foreclosed from participation of any kind. This article will explore these procedures, conditions for grant, refusal, renewal and withdrawals of these licenses.

Whistleblower Reward Is $63.9 Million In JP Morgan Mortgage Fraud Case

A whistleblower will receive $63.9 million for providing information to the government that lead to a recovery.

Obtaining a Residence Permit in Greece

Greek government instated a procedure to obtain permanent residence permits, which can be renewed every five years, for third-country citizens who own real estate in Greece of minimum value €250.000, adopting a friendlier stance towards those who wish to own real estate property in Greece.

The Greek Real Estate Market for Foreign Investors

Our practical guide to real estate in Greece covers the entire spectrum of legal and tax issues which arise in practice when purchasing, managing, utilizing, developing and reselling property in Greece. It is addressed to both Greek nationals and foreign citizens of other European and non-EU countries who have a practical interest in legal and tax matters in Greece, with the aim of facilitating entrepreneurship and more generally the access of foreigners to the Greek market.

How Does Malaysian Law Deal With Acts of Piracy at Sea?

Piracy is a prevailing problem with no reasonable solution in sight. How safe is your ship or consignment passing through the seas surrounding Malaysia and what laws apply to this region?

Federal Whistleblower Complaints Can Be Filed Online

Whistleblowers are now able to file certain complaints online. Whistleblower complaints that are overseen by OSHA can be filed online.

The California Coastal Commission Reviews Fracking Along the California Coast

Whether the California Coastal Commission Eventually Regulates Fracking On the Outer Continental Shelf Will Have More to Do with Federalism than Science

Whistleblower False Claims Case Settles for $6.5 Million

A $6.5 million dollar settlement has been reached in a federal whistleblower lawsuit. There were allegations that a military contractor had submitted inflated bills to the government.

Taxpayer Standing Can Provide a Bulwark Against Government Overreach in California

In California any taxpayer can bring a lawsuit to stop the implementation of a law that she believes is unconstitutional provided that she is a resident taxpayer of the area affected and public funds will be spent to implement the challenged law.

Disagreement About Handling of California Caregiver Abuse Cases

Long -term care advocates and officials disagreed at a recent Assembly hearing.

Social Security Disability Applicants And Headache Claims - 5 Keys Pieces of Evidence

Seeking social security disability because you can not work because of a headache is unique and very difficult. But there are certain things you can do to help your chances of winning.

Los Angeles Assisted Living Facility Held Responsible for Injuries of Resident

A Los Angeles County assisted living facility has been ordered by a judge to pay a woman who was injured by a fall.

Shelby County v. Holder and the Constitutionality of Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act

Appeals Lawyers Analyze Shelby County v. Holder and the Constitutionality of Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act.

Health Care Industry the Target in Whistleblower Lawsuits

The United States Department of Justice has provided the public with some information regarding recent whistleblower cases. In one of the cases there have been allegations made against Health Management Associates.

California Cities Can’t Avoid Constitutional Liability for A Taking by Dissolving their Redevelopment Agencies

For years local redevelopment agencies were the bane of private property rights in California. Until recently these agencies were clothed with the power to seize private homes through eminent domain and then give that property to private developers like Costco or Wal-Mart, all in the name of community development.

$48 Million Settlement in Medicare Fraud Case

A California based nursing home operator has agreed to pay $48 million dollars in a settlement related to two whistleblower lawsuits.

Argentina: Tax Havens - Publication of the List of Cooperative Jurisdictions for Tax Transparency Purposes

The National Tax Authority (“AFIP”) published today in its “web” site the list of countries, jurisdictions, territories, states and special tax regimes which qualify as cooperative for tax transparency purposes (the “Cooperative Jurisdiction List”).

HK New Companies Law : Key Changes relating to Private Companies

With a view to enhance corporate governance, facilitate business operations and modernise the legal infrastructure for incorporation and operations of companies in Hong Kong, a complex new Companies Ordinance (CO) was enacted and 12 pieces of subsidiary legislations on technical and procedural matters were introduced.

Italian Parliament Approves ‘Google Tax’ in 2014 Budget but the European Union Thinks It Is Illegal

  By Giambrone
Italy’s Parliament approved a controversial law on Friday forcing tech giants like Google to sell advertising online only through Italian intermediaries, provoking anger from digital economy experts.

How Does the Federal Reserve System (the “Fed”) Work?

  By HG.org
We have all heard about how interest rates might be going up when the economy is improving or how interest rates fall as the economy suffers. But how are these rates set? Who determines what the rates should be? What keeps interest rates from continuing to climb while the economy declines?

PRC Data Privacy Laws in a Nutshell

Notwithstanding the reasoning, companies in China have yet another amorphous compliance bugbear to obey. Given the inconsistent state of existing data privacy rules and recent dicta that position personal data at the epicenter of the data protection maelstrom, one might think it counter-intuitive, if not disingenuous, that there is no legally authoritative definition of “personal data” under Chinese law.

Securities and Exchange Commission Saved $439 Million For Whistleblower Rewards

The Securities and Exchange Commission has saved money to spend on it's whistleblower rewards program. It is likely that there will be larger rewards in the future as tips have increased recently.

American Gun Culture

In order to find ways to prevent terrible acts of violence from guns, and to reconcile those acts with our deeply-ingrained gun culture, we must first make steps to understand that culture.

What Are The Laws Regarding Declaring War?

  By HG.org
Since its inception, the U.S. has been required to take military action of one sort or another under every president and administration, even before the United States of America had a Constitution. Since the creation of the U.S. Constitution, however, the United States has had laws regarding declaring war. Certain military actions can be taken without formal declarations of war, others cannot. So what are the laws regarding declaring war?

Warrantless Blood Test Case Waits for U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision

A recent decision by the United States Supreme Court could have a large impact on state laws relating to drunk driving. Many states, including Massachusetts, have what is known as an implied consent law. This law basically gives law enforcement the right to use blood tests or some other kind of test to determine drivers’ blood alcohol content. The reasoning behind the law is that drivers have given their consent simply by obtaining a driver’s license.

Crime Lab Mistakes Raise Concern over Convictions in Massachusetts

The arrests of two chemists at two separate Massachusetts crime labs earlier this year have raised a lot of questions over the validity of hundreds, if not thousands of convictions in the state. In the most recent case, a chemist is alleged to have tampered with evidence in drug cases, replacing illegal drugs with non-illegal substances according to Reuters. Apparently the chemist used the drugs for her personal consumption.


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