International Law Articles

Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to International Law.



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Marriage Features Between Ukrainian Citizen and Non-resident

  March 27, 2014     By Kydalov & Partners
Another, as we may say, and at least an adult step in the life of almost every person is marriage. As they say, love knows no age boundaries and don't see boundaries. The lack of "boundaries" in the modern world helps to promote international marriages.

Cross-Border Cooperation with Ukrainian Constitute

  March 24, 2014     By Kydalov & Partners
The cross-border cooperation in its actions submits the implementation of common programmes in different fields such as economic, social, scientific, technological, ecological, cultural and others. The main aim of all these relations between business entities from different countries is to get mutual advantages.

Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Award in India

  March 19, 2014     By Rautray & Co.
The United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (“Convention”) has been ratified by India on 13.7.1960. Article VII of the New York Convention provides that the Geneva Protocol on Arbitration Clauses of 1923 and the Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1927 ceases to have effect between the members of the New York Convention.

General Observations Regarding the Greek Real Estate Market

  March 14, 2014     By A&P Generalis Law Firm
With the support of an extensive network of professionals (tax advisors, architects, civil engineers, business consultants), a complete series of informative, practical guides focusing on the most important fields of Greek law is available to private individuals, professionals and companies.

Obtaining a Residence Permit in Greece

  March 13, 2014     By A&P Generalis Law Firm
Greek government instated a procedure to obtain permanent residence permits, which can be renewed every five years, for third-country citizens who own real estate in Greece of minimum value €250.000, adopting a friendlier stance towards those who wish to own real estate property in Greece.

The Greek Real Estate Market for Foreign Investors

  March 13, 2014     By A&P Generalis Law Firm
Our practical guide to real estate in Greece covers the entire spectrum of legal and tax issues which arise in practice when purchasing, managing, utilizing, developing and reselling property in Greece. It is addressed to both Greek nationals and foreign citizens of other European and non-EU countries who have a practical interest in legal and tax matters in Greece, with the aim of facilitating entrepreneurship and more generally the access of foreigners to the Greek market.

How Does Malaysian Law Deal With Acts of Piracy at Sea?

  March 12, 2014     By Brijnandan Singh Bhar & Co
Piracy is a prevailing problem with no reasonable solution in sight. How safe is your ship or consignment passing through the seas surrounding Malaysia and what laws apply to this region?

Concessions in Albania / PPP in Albania

  March 11, 2014     By LPA Law Firm Albania
According to the assessment, the application of the laws of the PPP / concession in Albania is estimated to achieve "high efficiency" compared to international standards, the implementation of AML being a strong pillar and institutional frameworks and policy pillars were weak.

Congo-Brazzaville: Adoption of Bill on Single Window for Cross-Border Operations

  March 10, 2014     By Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associes
Congo-Brazzaville: Bill on the creation of a single window for cross-border operations has been adopted.

Guinea: Enactment of Law Amending the Mining Code of 2011

  March 10, 2014     By Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associes
New perspectives for the mining sector in Guinea: enactment of the law amending the Mining Code of 2011.

Accession of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the New York Convention on Arbitration

  March 10, 2014     By Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associes
After its adoption by the National Assembly and the Senate of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (“DRC”), the President of the Republic promulgated on June 26, 2013 the Law No. 13/023 authorizing the accession of the DRC to the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards signed in New York, on June 10, 1958 (the “Convention”).

Democratic Republic of the Congo Postpones Ban on Export of Copper and Cobalt Concentrates

  March 10, 2014     By Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associes
Democratic Republic of the Congo’s ban on export of copper and cobalt concentrates postponed until December 31, 2013.

Comparative Legal Analysis on the Legislations regarding Corruption and Bribery in Turkey

  March 5, 2014     By Serap Zuvin Law Offices
This article is a comparative legal analysis, which points out the adaptability of the legislation in Turkey and the international agreements on corruption and bribery, whereas also points out the differences of the legislation between Turkey, India and United States of America on the contemplated subject.

The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Bill, 2014 proposes changes to Cayman contract law

  March 4, 2014     By Loeb Smith & Brady
The Cayman Islands Government has published a new bill that will modify contract law in the Cayman Islands when it is passed into law by mid-March 2014.

Surf’s Up: New Consumer Directive Makes some Waves - Malta

  February 19, 2014     By CSB Advocates
In Europe, online sales are set to reach 191 billion Euro by the year 2017. Faced with these numbers, businesses simply cannot afford to pass up the opportunities presented to them by online channels. Neither can they afford to remain in the dark about developments in the e-commerce regulatory sector. The ever-changing landscape of the world market necessitates a fast reaction time and a keen adaptability for businesses to remain relevant.

Limitation of Business Freedom in Poland

  February 19, 2014     By Dudkowiak & Kopec Law Firm
Economic freedom in Poland is guaranteed by article 20 of Polish Constitution. However, it does not mean that the Parliament cannot specify terms and conditions in which economic activity may be undertaken and subsequently carried out. In some spheres, due to important public interest, the Parliament retained the right of permitting economic activity to the discretion of economic administrative bodies.

Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreements of Turkey

  February 19, 2014     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Starting with the trade liberalisation and opening up of the economies world over accordingly, each country has been trying to attract foreign capital through liberalised investment policies. In this connection, foreign investors started to seek investment destinations which provide most protective, hospitable and profitable climate for their investments.

Employment Law in Israel

  February 17, 2014     By Livnat, Mayer & Co.
Significant Issues in Employment Law in Israel

New Amendment of Company Law of PRC Simplifies the Establishment of A Company in China

  February 17, 2014     By UB & Co. Attorneys and Counselors
On December 28, 2013, the Standing Committee of National People's Congress made a decision to amend the Company Law of PRC and the new amendment (the “Amendment”) will take effect on March 1, 2014.

Adjustment of Administrative Approval in China (Shanghai) Free Trade Trial Zone

  February 17, 2014     By UB & Co. Attorneys and Counselors
On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (“Standing Committee”) issued a decision in which the State Council is authorized to temporarily adjust certain rules on administrative approval in relevant laws within China (Shanghai) Free Trade Trial Zone (hereinafter the “Decision”), which will enter into effect on October 1, 2013.

China Simplifies Rules on Foreign Exchange Administration of Foreign Direct Investment

  February 17, 2014     By UB & Co. Attorneys and Counselors
On May 10, 2013, State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”) released the “Regulations on the Foreign Exchange Administration of Domestic Foreign Direct Investment” (hereinafter the “Regulations”), which came into effect on May 13, 2013.

Licensing for Software as a Service (SaaS) in the UAE

  February 15, 2014     By Prudential Middle East
In the UAE, because of the lack of a comprehensive set of laws for the provision of cloud computing services, the relationship between the parties is largely governed by general laws and trust

slamic Finance: Theory and Practice

  February 15, 2014     By Prudential Middle East
The Islamic financial system refers to financial market transactions, processes and services that conform to Islamic laws and codes of practices.

The Development of Child Rights Law in the UAE

  February 15, 2014     By Prudential Middle East
A series of federal and local laws were developed with the purpose of regulating relations and ensuring the stability of transactions and the safety of society.

Oil Legislation in the Republic of the Congo

  February 14, 2014     By Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associes
The Republic of the Congo, often called Congo-Brazzaville, is a country located in Central Africa that straddles the Equator line and covers a surface of ​​342,000 km2 with a population of approximately four (4) million.

More U.S. Taxpayers Admit to Secret Swiss Accounts

  February 8, 2014     By DeBlis & DeBlis
Why Swiss Bank Clients Who Can’t Stand the Heat Are Getting Out of the Kitchen.

New Corporate Governance Standards for Regulated Mutual Funds in the Cayman Islands

  February 4, 2014     By Loeb Smith & Brady
In response to feedback from its consultation with stakeholders in the Cayman Islands financial services industry (including feedback on a draft Statement of Guidance on Corporate Governance for Regulated Mutual Funds), the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (“CIMA”) has formally issued, on 13 January 2014, a final Statement of Guidance on Corporate Governance for Regulated Mutual Funds (the “Statement of Guidance”).

The Malta-Alderney MOU: Is It a Game-changer?

  January 30, 2014     By CSB Advocates
Following the announcement of the signature of a bilateral Memorandum of Understanding between Malta and Alderney between the Malta Lotteries and Gaming Authority (LGA) and the Alderney Gambling Control Commission (AGCC) on the 9th October 2013, several operators await further details about the MoU with some anticipation.

MOTIVATION OF ARBITRAL AWARDS: A FEW NOTES

  January 26, 2014     By BCH Lawyers
Decide promptly, but never give any reasons. Your decisions may be right, but your reasons are sure to be wrong. -William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

Asymmetrical Arbitration Clauses Under the Portuguese Law

  January 26, 2014     By BCH Lawyers
An asymmetrical, unilateral or non-mutual arbitration clause may be grossly defined as the one that grants one party to an agreement the right to select either arbitration or litigation as a means to resolve disputes arising from the underlying agreement, yet denies that right to the other party.

Schengen Visa Decisions of the German Embassy Can be Fully Controlled by the Berlin Administrative Court

  January 13, 2014     By Stefan Graebner, Attorney
A German embassy can only reject to issue a "Schengen-Visa" if this is expressly regulated in the EU Visa Code. The national authorities have a wide discretion to determine if there are rejection reasons for the visa applicant, but it is not an exclusive discretion which cannot be controlled by the administrative court.

Argentina: Tax Havens - Publication of the List of Cooperative Jurisdictions for Tax Transparency Purposes

  January 9, 2014     By García Menéndez Abogados
The National Tax Authority (“AFIP”) published today in its “web” site the list of countries, jurisdictions, territories, states and special tax regimes which qualify as cooperative for tax transparency purposes (the “Cooperative Jurisdiction List”).

Global Economic Uncertainties and The Expanding Sukuk Market in Turkey

  January 8, 2014     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
It is no surprise that in times of global and local economic uncertainties, people are more tend to look for a safe haven to wait for the fluctuations to come to an end.

Alternate remedy to the Hague Convention on the Taking of Evidence & Pre-trial Discovery

  January 2, 2014     By Rautray & Co.
Notwithstanding the earlier request to the Central Authority it is open to either party to request the judicial authority of the contracting state to issue a fresh letter of request for taking evidence directly to the High Court of the State in which the witness resides or carries on its business. The fresh letter of request addressed to the concerned High Court of the Indian State would be executable under the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (‘Code’).

A Tax Exempt Start up for Multinational Companies: Liasion Offices in Free Trade Zones of Turkey

  December 30, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Today, in global cash flow around the world made multinational companies to think more on tax benefits and cost effectiveness before they invest in a country.

Approval of the Amendments to the License Terms for the Importation of Drugs - Ukraine

  December 24, 2013     By Legal Alliance
The Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine № 960 dated November 8th, 2013, “On Approval of the amendments to the License terms for the business related to the importation of drugs" was published. The stated Law cancels the Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine № 453 dated March 30th, 2013 and suggests phased introduction of the new requirements for the importers.

Actions the Retailer Must Take after Issuance the Order for a Ban on Circulation of Batches of Medicines - Ukraine

  December 24, 2013     By Legal Alliance
The issue of imposition of a ban (temporary ban) on medicine circulation is regulated, in particular, by the Procedure for imposing a ban (temporary ban) on and restoring circulation of medicines in Ukraine (hereinafter referred to as “the Procedure”) approved by the order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated 22/11/2011 No. 809.

Chinese Regulations for Investments in Germany

  December 19, 2013     By Bright & Right
A rather detailed introduction of the legal aspects of outbound investment from China to foreign countries based upon the legal reality of China before 2012, which is undergoing further major changes in China at the moment.

New Investment Opportunities for Master Funds Schemes in Turkey

  December 16, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Business world firstly threw master funds opinion into the pot in 2011. After two years, this attempt currently came into climax with government support.

Challenges Dealing with Current Account Deficit for an Open Economy: Turkey Case in Point

  December 16, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Major countries can encounter the problem of current account deficit which bring economic problems in developing countries.

What Attract FDI to Turkey and Why Investors Prefer to Make an Investment in Turkey?

  December 16, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Turkish government makes room for new investors as Turkish economy is open economy which impact Turkey’s growth positively over the last decade and Turkey has growth potential among developing countries.

What Brings Bali Package to Global Traders?

  December 16, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
The World Trade Organization (WTO) reached its first trade reform deal on Saturday with the approval of nearly 160 ministers, who had gathered on the Bali to decide on the make-or-break agreement that could add $1 trillion to the global economy.

Incentives on Renewables in Turkey

  December 15, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
As many other countries, Turkey also intends to increase the rate of renewable energy resources to 30 % in its power generation until 20231. In accordance with this, adequate legislative amendments and legal reforms in energy have been made since 2010 which provide diverse incentives to investors. Recently, the Council of Ministers passed a resolution concerning investments and domestic production in renewable energy.

What Laws Affect Mail Order Brides?

  December 13, 2013     By HG.org
As the Internet makes the world a smaller and smaller place, unusual new ways of meeting people have become increasingly popular. While personal ads placed in the newspaper used to be a somewhat embarrassing way of meeting someone, the explosion of the Internet made online dating sites almost the norm for arranging romantic encounters. Similarly, the Internet has also opened the doors to international romance in the form of “mail order bride” services. But what laws affect mail order brides?

Managing China Risk in a Changed Business Ecosystem

  December 13, 2013     By Pamir Law Group
Cartoonist David Horsey earlier this year created an image of an anxious Uncle Sam asking a fortune teller, "Can you tell me about my future?" She responds: "Hmm ... I would, but I can't read Chinese."

Dispute Resolution Forum Selection Uncertain with Arbitration Commission Secession - China

  December 13, 2013     By Pamir Law Group
The Shanghai branch of the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC) recently split from CIETAC after the launch of its 2012 arbitration rules. The Shanghai branch (Shanghai CIETAC) declared itself an independent adjudication body with its own arbitration rules and its own panel of arbitrators. However, CIETAC denies the validity of the secession.

Are There Laws Against Spying in the United States?

  December 12, 2013     By HG.org
Movies and television shows often glamorize the world of espionage. But, in reality, is it quite so exciting? Aside from the lack of martinis and frequent shoot outs to save the world, the reality is that espionage is a crime in the United States.

Are There Laws in the U.S. Against Importing Goods Made by Child Labor or Slaves?

  December 12, 2013     By HG.org
Ever stopped and wondered where your various household goods came from? Not just the country of origin, but who actually worked to produce it? Most products, even those from other countries, are produced by adults, and though their standard of living may be different than that of their counterparts in America, they are working of their own free will. However, some products and services, even today, are still being produced by children and forced labor.

How to Secure Projects: the Significance of Insurance in Project Finance

  December 9, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
In the last 5 or 6 years some projects have had the benefit of insurance which is designed to pick up the risk after the contractor's liability has been exhausted.

The Guide to Benefit from the New Turkish Incentive Scheme

  December 9, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
The overriding concern behind the new Turkish incentive scheme is the resumption of the macro-economic stability of the Turkish economy.

Enforcement of a Foreign Judgment in Turkey - Is It Possible to Enforce Romanian Judgments in Turkey?

  December 7, 2013     By Cindemir Law Office
This article aims at explaining enforcement of foreign judgments obtained from Courts of Romania in Turkey. It explains the procedure of implementation of Romanian Decrees/Decisions in Romania based on judicial and legal cooperation agreement which enables reciprocity between Turkey and Poland as a core treaty. It also touches arbitral awards enforcement which are given by Romanian Courts.

Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act - Panama

  December 4, 2013     By Beitia-Carrillo Consultores & Asociados
In 2014, essentially all the financial institutions operating in Panama will be required to submit information to the United States (IRS) authorities, concerning “American citizen” in Panama.

Advantages of E-GKS in Terms of Transparency - Turkey

  December 3, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
There is a significant regulation with regard to the companies in Turkey and their shareholders in Turkey and abroad which has been promulgated in the Official Gazette dated August 28, 2012, numbered 28396, which indicate ‘‘Regulation pertaining to the General Assembly of Joint Stock Companies to be held via Electronic Means (EGKS) ’’.

What is Sharia Law and How Does it Apply in America

  December 2, 2013     By HG.org
Sharia law is the Islamic system of moral codes that govern all aspects of Muslim life. Since 9/11, a wave of anti-Sharia legislation has swept across America. But what is Sharia law, and is it really something that Americans should be concerned about? Is anti-Sharia law actually more dangerous to American freedoms than the moral code it seeks to prohibit?

How Does U.S. Law View Offshore Bank Accounts?

  December 2, 2013     By HG.org
Perhaps you are one of the fortunate few who has achieved a level of wealth where you are legitimately concerned that the ebb and flow of the U.S. economy could have a dramatic effect on your personal finances. Or, perhaps, you have heard that there are ways to avoid certain taxes if you keep your money offshore.

What Do I Have To Declare At Customs When Entering the United States?

  December 2, 2013     By HG.org
When traveling abroad, one set of laws tend to concern and confuse people more than others: customs laws. When entering the United States, certain items must be “declared” (i.e., one must alert customs officials that they are in the that person's possession). This could lead to the requirement to pay a small “duty” fee to bring the item into the country, or it may be seized and you may not be allowed to bring it into the country at all.

Overview of Cayman Islands Law Governing Hedge Funds – Q&A

  November 29, 2013     By Loeb Smith & Brady
The primary legislation regulating hedge funds in the Cayman Islands is the Mutual Funds Law (As Revised) (the “Funds Law”) and accompanying regulations, including the Retail Mutual Funds (Japan) Regulations (2007 Revision, as amended) which generally apply to investment funds licensed under the Funds Law (licensed funds) where the securities are marketed to the public in Japan.

Founding Partner Liable to Pay Compensation Even Though a Broker Was Used – Germany

  November 29, 2013     By GRP Rainer LLP
According to the Federal Supreme Court (BGH), founding limited partners are liable for incomplete or wrong information given by the brokers they use.

Turkey Construction Contracts Which Mean EPC Contracts in Project Finance

  November 26, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Project finance means the term applied to a variety of financing structures that have a few features in common. There are lots of participants take place in Project financing, namely; project sponsor, suppliers, contractors, bondholders and the other parties.

No More Individual Application Will Be Allowed to Become "Angel Investor" in Turkey as of 01.01.2014

  November 25, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Turkey, as one of the pioneering countries that has particular regulation and tax reliefs for angel investment, has almost TRY 10 million volume of angel investment which is remarkably less when compared with Europe and U.S. markets.

Business Formation in Italy – Entering the Italian Market

  November 19, 2013     By CTM Avvocati
When entering the Italian market, a foreign corporation is often confused about which legal form their presence in Italy should have. This article provides some practical tips to better understand the differences among Branch, Subsidiary and Rep Office.

The Way to Reach Global Markets: Free Trade Agreements in Turkey

  November 19, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Economic liberalization and the elimination of trade barriers are crucial for any country that is well integrated in to the world economy and aiming at increasing its trade volume.

An Overview of Turkish Defense and Aerospace Industry, Tendency to Domestic Production

  November 18, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Turkey as a member of NATO and due to its geographic location has been allocated the highest funds from the budget to defense industry for many years. Today the total turnover of defense and aerospace industry is around USD 4,5 - 5,0 billion.

Why Does Turkish Banking System Gain Importance?

  November 18, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Economic activities contribute to increase of banking sectors in Turkey since expectations have developed rapidly and there is a stability which has been sustained in the financial markets. Therefore, this situation reflects to ascend the effectiveness of supervision in the banking system.

The Emerging Turkish Sukuk Market: A Safer Way to Invest

  November 18, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Sharia compliant non interest paying Islamic instruments, Sukuk is on the rise throughout the global financial markets. The volume of the global Sukuk market which is currently led by Malaysia, has already reached a volume of 1.5 trillion dollars

Construction Contract and Project Finance - Turkey

  November 18, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
The construction contract in an international project financing serves to give the project company a fully completed and equipped facility. In addition, it provides for delivery by the contractor of a facility that satisfies specified performance criteria, for a fixed or predictable price, and completed on a specific date.

Agents of Foreign Companies in Turkey

  November 18, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Since the last decade due to the increase in FDI which is positively affected by GDP growth, Turkey has attracted many investors from all around the world. While some of those investors were looking for opportunities to set up their organizations some run their business through the agencies based in Turkey

A Corporate Guide for Private Equity Funds in Turkey: Board of Directors in Joint Stock Companies

  November 18, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
The management of a company is one of the most crucial issues for private equity funds since it is the value of the acquisition itself. As a key component of funding by a private equity, the management refers to controlling of daily business.

A Corporate Guide for Private Equity Funds in Turkey: Shares and Shareholder Rights in Joint Stock Companies

  November 18, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
In contrary to the decrease in European and U.S. markets the private equity funds in Turkey accelerating the volume of the investment day by day. Either financially backed by management buy-outs or leveraged buy-outs the acquisition by a private equity fund has a typical acquisition progress like in a private company.

Can Foreigners Buy Real Estate in the United States?

  November 17, 2013     By HG.org
As the real estate market in the U.S. has made a strong indication of recovery, some outside of the United States have begun to look again at American real estate investments as a possibility. This leads some to wonder, though, whether it is even possible for a foreigner to buy real estate in the U.S.? If so, are there any special laws to be aware of or taxes that must be paid?

New Facilities for Customs Clearance in International Trade

  November 12, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
New regulations in Turkish International Trade Law came into effect on 10.01.2013 in order to simplify customs procedures for international traders. With the new regulation, economic operators can apply for an Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) status, which is given permanently with no expiry, either to have easier access to customs simplifications or to be in a more favorable position to comply with the new security requirements.

When Does the Geneva Convention Apply?

  November 10, 2013     By HG.org
Often an argument raised by inmates or others who feel they have been wronged but are not sure what rights to call upon, the Geneva Conventions are frequently misidentified as the source of a variety of “rights” one does not have. The Geneva Conventions are actually a series of agreements, not a single document, and among the most misapplied by legal novices. So when do the Geneva Conventions really apply?

Polish and Turkish Legal Systems for Value Added Tax (VAT)

  October 28, 2013     By ADMD Law Office
The value added tax (VAT), is a type of indirect turnover based tax that is levied during the final phase of the purchaser of the goods and is included in the price of the purchased item or service. Being a turnover tax, VAT is levied at each stage of the production and the distribution process as well.

Buying Property in Cyprus Made Easier for Non EU Citizens

  October 14, 2013     By Harris Kyriakides LLC
In an effort to boost the property market and enhance the attractiveness of Cyprus for foreign investment, Cyprus has implemented measures that allow for citizens of non EU countries to acquire more than one property in Cyprus, provided that certain conditions are met.

How to Prevent Seizure of Properties Raiders?

  October 11, 2013     By Syutkin and Partners
The press increasingly writes about the decline of investment attractiveness of Ukraine, reducing the amount of investment, including investment in infrastructure projects.

Ukraine for Foreign Investors: High Risk - High Profit?

  October 11, 2013     By Syutkin and Partners
Recently, the press increasingly writes about the decrease of investment attractiveness of Ukraine. This is indicated by both politicians, experts, and international rankings.

Debt Collection in Italy

  October 9, 2013     By Princivalle Apruzzi Danielli - Studio Legale
Nowadays, always more and more companies cannot avoid facing the threat of unpaid invoices which obliges them to spend time and energy in long procedures in order to recover the due payment. Thus, since its start, our law firm has been developing an increasing experience in the field of bad debt collection. We currently represent our clients throughout the procedural steps required to obtain their payment, giving them the most appropriate legal support.

World Economic Forum Confirms Malta’s Placing as a Top-20 Financial Services Jurisdiction

  October 2, 2013     By CSB Advocates
The Global Competiveness Report 2013-2014, prepared by the World Economic Forum, has ranked Malta’s financial services sector amongst the top 20 world nations, out of 148, with regards to issues related to soundness of its banking institutions (14th), the regulation of Securities Exchanges (17th) and the strength and reporting standards (13th), thereby reaffirming Malta’s position as a leading financial jurisdiction.

What is International Law?

  October 1, 2013     By HG.org
Many have asked the question “what is international law?” It is an understandable question given the way that it is thrown around as though it is an easily identifiable thing. However, “international law” is largely a misnomer, given that it primarily refers to a body of treaty agreements and their resulting rules, regulations, and practices, and not the codification of laws passed down by a centralized government or legislative body.

Which Countries Score the Worst for Women's Rights?

  September 26, 2013     By HG.org
While American women are generally treated with little distinction from men under American law, it has not always been so. Indeed, it is still not this way in many parts of the world. A recent survey of countries ranked the legal standing of women in various nations and compiled a list of the nations with the most legal distinctions between the rights of men versus those of women.

Puerto Rican Island Residents Sue US Government for Human Rights Violations

  September 26, 2013     By HG.org
After decades of live fire exercises on the island of Vieques in Puerto Rico, the US government ceased to fire on the island in 2003. Nevertheless, the legacy of those training exercises linger on, and now a group of residents have filed a lawsuit against the US government claiming human rights violations.

Wet Lease Agreements under Turkish Regulations

  September 24, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
A wet lease is a leasing arrangement whereby the lessor (one airline or aircraft operator) provides an aircraft, complete crew/only cockpit crew, maintenance, and insurance (hull and third party liability) to the lessee (another airline or aircraft operator), which pays by hours operated. The term ACMI is an acronym signifying the four main elements of a wet lease which are; Aircraft, Crew, Maintenance and Insurance.

Insight into Turkey's Energy Market and New Energy Exchange EPIAS

  September 15, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Turkey proved its aspiration with the liberalization of electricity market for being an energy hub in the heart of Europe and Middle East territory. According to Türk Eletrik İletim Anonim Şirketi (TEİAŞ) 2012 report, the electricity demand in Turkey will arise within the range of 398-434 billion kWh in the light of historical perspective in 2023.

New Opportunities for Sukuk in Turkey

  September 15, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
The Arabic term for Islamic securities Sukuk , commonly refers to the Islamic equivalence of bonds. The Islamic ban on interest payments is the root cause of the Islamic financial instruments such as Sukuk that provides the investor a share of an asset and its cash flows and involved risks.

Lessons on International and Constitutional Law Found in Current Syria Debate

  September 12, 2013     By HG.org
Whether you believe the current administration's handling of the dispute in Syria has been well handled or not, and whether you are for or against intervention, the back and forth process provides interesting insights into the processes of both international and constitutional law.

Prospects for Foreign Direct Investment in Turkey

  September 11, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
Most of the economic pundits are in agreement that Turkey has increasingly been playing a prominent role in the world economy and redefining itself as an attractive hub for Foreign Direct Investments. The country has already been associated with the economic powerhouses of BRIC and accentuated its appeal for foreign investors by its resilient economic standing during the latest global economic recession.

Overview of US Import and Export Laws and Procedures

  September 9, 2013     By HG.org
In order to avoid potential problems in the clearance of your merchandise, understanding US customs laws is very important. In fact, this knowledge is key before you begin trying to import/export products, or they may be subject to delays or even seizure.

Enforcement of a Foreign (Poland) Judgment in Turkey - Is It Possible to Enforce Polish Judgments in Turkey?

  September 6, 2013     By Cindemir Law Office
This article aims at explaining enforcement of foreign judgments obtained from Courts of Poland in Turkey. It explains the procedure of implementation of Polish Decrees/Decisions in Poland based on judicial and legal cooperation agreement which enables reciprocity between Turkey and Poland as a core treaty. It also touches arbitral awards enforcement which are given by Polish Courts.

Amendments to the Trade Descriptions Ordinance in Hong Kong

  September 5, 2013     By Angela Wang & Co.
To promote fair trade, enhance protection for individual consumers and to prevent unfair business practices in Hong Kong, the Trade Descriptions (Unfair Trade Practices) (Amendment) Ordinance 2012 was passed on 17 July 2012 to amend the Trade Descriptions Ordinance (Cap 362) (“TDO”).

Enforcement of a Foreign Judgment in Turkey - Is It Possible to Enforce Chinese Judgments in Turkey?

  September 4, 2013     By Cindemir Law Office
This article aims at explaining enforcement of foreign judgments obtained from Courts of China in Turkey. It explains the procedure of implementation of Chinese Decrees/Decisions in Turkey based on judicial and legal cooperation agreement which enables reciprocity between Turkey and China as a core treaty. It also touches arbitral awards enforcement which are given by Chinese Courts.

The Cayman Merger Law Regime

  September 2, 2013     By Loeb Smith & Brady
Amendments to the Companies Law (as Revised) of the Cayman Islands (the “Law”) has streamlined the mechanics for implementing mergers involving Cayman Islands companies.

The Opportunities Behind Angel Investments in Turkey

  September 2, 2013     By Herdem Attorneys at Law
When Turkey first acquainted with franchising system, it was 1991. From that day to this, Turkey's economic perspective was entirely amended and currently ranked as the world's 17thlargest economy regarding GDP all over the world and converted into an integrated emerging market with a growing financial system.

The International Comparative Legal Guide to: Shipping Law 2013

  August 27, 2013     By Lex Marine Law Office
This article provides corporate counsel and international practitioners with a comprehensive legal analysis of shipping law and regulations in Ukraine.

India's New Companies Bill - How It Impacts Foreigners Doing Business in India

  August 26, 2013     By Rajkishore Associates
The Companies Bill, 2013 has been passed by the two houses of Parliament of India and is awaiting the assent of the President, which, when assented to by the President of India, will replace the 57 year old Companies Act, 1956. An attempt is made in this article to focus on how the new Bill impacts small and medium sized foreign companies who seek to do business in India through the means of a limited liability company.

Protection of Foreign Direct Investment in Cyprus

  August 19, 2013     By Anastasios Antoniou LLC
The EU’s legislative landscape on failing banks may be changing quite rapidly. Cyprus was indeed the first Member State to experience and implement the resolution and bail-in approach with respect to failing banks, thus relieving taxpayers and direct investors from suffering the burden of rescuing failing, bad-managed banks. But there can be no doubt that Cyprus is a jurisdiction actively protecting foreign direct investment at the highest levels.

International Trade Laws: Delay in Clearance of Goods and Demurrage Charges

  August 13, 2013     By Azimuddin Law Associates
International trade transactions relate to the importation or exportation of goods or services from one country to another.

How Tax Treaties Allow Benefits from Double Taxation

  August 13, 2013     By Azimuddin Law Associates
Double tax treaties provide for relieving double taxation; sometimes double taxation relief is extend to tax paid by foreign subsidiaries and other foreign affiliates in terms of economic definition.

How to Incorporate in Panama

  July 31, 2013     By Abogados Lombardi Aguilar Group
Panamanian corporations may be organized by two or more elderly (who may be Panamanian or foreign) as well as legal entities, for any purpose (lawful) for which the incorporators subscribe at least one share each (they are considered shareholders), the authorized capital stock of the corporation in training

Jurisdiction over the Turkish Steel Cases at the U.S. Court of International Trade

  July 31, 2013     By ADMD Law Office
U.S. domestic steel producers consistently raised concerns about the Turkish steel industry, alleging that it is subsidized and unfairly aided. U.S. Commerce Department and International Trade Administration found a variety of Turkish subsidy programs to be dependent on export performance and imposed countervailing duty and anti-dumping penalties. As a response, Turkish steel producers have challenged these rulings in the U.S. Court of International Trade (CIT) with varying degrees of success.

Myths & Facts about Panama Corporate Powers of Attorney

  July 30, 2013     By Abogados Lombardi Aguilar Group
Corporate authority problems may arise occasionally, with Panama legal doctrine providing interesting solutions.