HG.org Legal Resources

Litigation Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Litigation.


Can My Lawyer Refuse to Continue with My Case Unless I Pay in Full?

  May 18, 2017     By HG.org
Sometimes during the middle of representation, a lawyer and client may reach an impasse due to billing issues. In some cases, a lawyer may be...

What is Domicile in Divorce Cases and Why Does it Matter?

  May 16, 2017     By HG.org
Residency of where a spouse moves to after the couple have split is important when it affects a divorce case. Some states require the individual...

Litigation Finance in Turkey

  May 16, 2017     By Ketenci & Ketenci
In the event of a legal action or execution proceedings, it is the claimant party who cover the litigation costs at the beginning, in Turkey....

Expert Witness: Scientific Data and Its Use in the Courtroom

  May 15, 2017     By HG.org
Expert witnesses are often contacted for their knowledge and expertise in a field of study. This information is used to explain to the judge or...

Summary of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Intellectual Property in Saudi Arabia

  May 15, 2017     By Hazim Al Madani Law Firm
The Paris Convention applies to industrial property in the widest sense, including patents, trademarks, industrial designs, utility models (a...

Role of Medical Examination in a Personal Injury Case

  May 12, 2017     By HG.org
Accidents usually involve personal injuries that require immediate medical attention. This means that the victim of the incident is being...

False or Deceptive Competitor Advertising Hurting Your Bottom Line?

  May 12, 2017     By Watkins Firm, A Professional Corporation
There are resources and options available for business owners when competitors undercut pricing by selling inferior goods or services.

When Multiple Expert Witnesses are Needed for a Case

  May 11, 2017     By HG.org
Hiring multiple expert witnesses for a single case is beneficial when the matter is either complicated or includes more than one single aspect...

Who Is to Blame for Drunk Driving Accidents?

  May 9, 2017     By HG.org
Drunk driving incidents are the cause for severe injuries, fatalities and extensive property damage. Those responsible for these accidents are...

How an Expert Witness Explains Why Road Construction Causes Road Incidents

  May 8, 2017     By HG.org
Road construction zones are often dangerous to drivers on interstates, highways and freeways. The rate of higher speeds and more vehicles is...

Termination of Employment Contracts in Turkey

  May 8, 2017     By DAB Law Firm
The Labour Code numbered 4857 (“Labour Code”) regulates the working conditions and also rights and obligations of the employees and employers.

Enforcement of Foreign Judgements and Arbitral Awards in Saudi Arabia

  May 8, 2017     By Hazim Al Madani Law Firm
There are speculations internationally that, enforcement of foreign judgements and arbitral awards in Saudi Arabia are still in dark. Saudi...

Expert Witness Explains Electrical Accidents and Incident Reconstruction

  May 5, 2017     By HG.org
Electrical accidents often require reconstruction of the incident so that the judge or members of the jury understand what occurred during the...

Communicating Successfully with Expert Witnesses

  May 4, 2017     By HG.org
Communication is the key to all successful relationships, and this is best seen with business and legal contacts. Court cases move fast in...

Expert Witness Reports: Skillfully Avoiding the Pitfalls

  May 3, 2017     By HG.org
The use of an expert witness is often a matter of a successful or disastrous outcome in a court case.

Hurt in a Car Accident? You Don’t Have Much Time to Wait

  May 3, 2017     By HG.org
Car accidents are usually mild to severe in property damage and injuries to those involved. When an individual has been hurt in a car accident,...

The Procedure for Foreigners and Non-Resident Turkish Citizens to File a Lawsuit in Turkey

  May 3, 2017     By Ongur & Partners International Law Firm
The procedure for a foreigner to bring an action in Turkey is not very different from the procedure a Turkish national would follow when...

The Problems Facing Expert Witness Testimony and How to Avoid Them

  May 2, 2017     By HG.org
Expert witnesses can make or break a case. Strong expert witness testimony can strengthen a case and provide credibility to it. However, weak...

How Mediation Can Help Resolve Complex Corporate Disputes

  April 26, 2017     By HG.org
Mediation is often the best manner to resolve conflict when there is a dispute or argument between two parties. When a corporation has a...

How the “Fairness in Class Action Litigation Act” May Affect Expert Witnesses

  April 26, 2017     By HG.org
A class action lawsuit occurs when multiple persons have been injured in some way. They are often lumped together for evidence and compensation...

How an Expert Witness Uses Biomechanics Knowledge in Seatbelt Defect Cases

  April 26, 2017     By HG.org
Personal injury claims usually must have the elements of the case include proof that the defending party’s actions caused the incident. This...

First Day of Trial in a Personal Injury Case - What to Expect

  April 24, 2017     By HG.org
While most personal injury lawsuits are different from each other, there are many common elements that may be expected by both the defending...

General Legal Services and How They Prevent Expensive Litigation

  April 21, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
Every small business' worst nightmare is being sued for big bucks. However, there are proactive steps that every business owner can take to make...

Risky Business: Reasons Not to Handle Your Own Personal Injury Case

  April 21, 2017     By HG.org
Personal injury cases are often complicated and difficult to both understand and handle. While there are many reasons for these issues, the...

"I Want to Be a PI" - Where and How to Learn the Trade

  April 21, 2017     By HG.org
The life of the private investigator appears exciting and full of mystery. However, the reality is long nights of taking video and pictures,...

Types of Training and Licensing of Private Investigators

  April 20, 2017     By HG.org
To become a private investigator, there are various courses and skills someone must take and acquire before being classified as an experienced...

How are Damages in a Personal Injury Case Calculated?

  April 20, 2017     By HG.org
Personal injury cases often involve various periods where the case has calculated damages to determine what may be possible to recover through...

Can Part-Time Employees Receive Workers' Compensation?

  April 20, 2017     By Farrar, Hennesy & Tanner, LLC
Workers’ compensation is a vital part of our employment system. It’s a no-fault insurance that the vast majority of employers are required to...

Personal Injury Cases and Common Defenses

  By HG.org
Personal injury lawsuits can arise when a person’s negligence results in an injury to another. This may happen because of a car accident, slip...

Business Law Lawyer: Limited Time to Respond to a Civil Lawsuit

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
When someone is affected by a lawsuit, he or she may only have so much time to react. This means that after a letter or summons to the court has...

Expert Witness Uses Formulas to Evaluate Lost Profits

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
There are times when a company loses profits through an incident caused by an individual. This often leads to injury to the company or someone...

Suing the Federal Government for Your Injury – Legal Issues and Explanations

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
When injured in an accident, the victim often looks to an insurance company to pay for the medical bills and ensure recovery is possible either...

What to Do after a Fatal Car Wreck?

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
Car accidents are usually traumatic to some degree, have extensive property damage, may include injuries and at least one person is at fault....

Who Do I Sue if the Driver of the Other Car – Is the Car Itself?

  April 14, 2017     By HG.org
With advancements in technology, there has been a new type of driving procedure where the car is able to drive itself with extensive software...

Do I Have a Criminal Case, A Civil Tort Claim, Both or Neither?

  April 13, 2017     By HG.org
Many crimes committed may be prosecuted through the criminal justice system as well as civil courts so that a remedy may be provided for the...

Debt Collection in China

  April 13, 2017     By Zhejiang Xinmu Law Firm
[The] collection of commercial debts in China can only be carried on by Chinese lawyers.

Collecting Evidence for an IP lawsuit in China

  April 13, 2017     By Zhejiang Xinmu Law Firm
[When preparing] a litigation action in China against opponent for intellectual property disputes, the key and vital issue of the action is...

Protecting Small Businesses from Litigation

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
In order to protect a small business from the threat of litigation, it is important to know how a lawsuit may arise. The risks of litigation...

Damages for Breach of Contract in English Law

  April 12, 2017     By Summerfield Browne Solicitors
Where parties are in a litigation dispute relating to breach of contract, it is important to assess the nature of any damages which might be...

Commercial Contracts and Changes in Circumstances in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
A failure by a contractual party to anticipate a change in circumstances before entering into a contract, could adversely affect their...

Contracts: a Change in the Illegality Defence in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Illegality on the part of one contractual party may not prevent that party successfully asserting their legal rights against the other.

Unravelling Commercial Contracts on Misrepresentation in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
A contract or settlement can be ‘unraveled’ if, in the circumstances, it was entered into following a fraudulent misrepresentation.

Commercial Contracts: Are Clear General Endeavours/Good Faith Conditions Required in the Bahamas?

  April 10, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Contractual terms in a commercial agreement must be as explicit as possible if the parties wish them to mean what they intend them to mean. A...

Before You Post THAT Picture . . . How Private Is Your Facebook Account?

  April 10, 2017     By The Law Offices of Lori Keeton
If you are going to attempt to collect disability, you may want to hold off on posting pictures of yourself boating, fishing and the...

Defamation Caused a Loss in Business, What to Do?

  April 5, 2017     By HG.org
Defamation is often considered a tortious act when the other person is harmed through the words spoken or written. Even though falsehoods spoken...

Look Before You Leap! Don’t Sue for an Uncollectable Judgment

  April 4, 2017     By Gehres Law Group, P.C.
When a client walks in the door and says “I really don’t care about the money, it’s just the ‘principle’ of the matter,” the wise lawyer may...

Private Investigation: Effective Ways to Protect Yourself from Hackers

  April 4, 2017     By HG.org
Cyber-attacks are a growing concern in the electronic age. When someone has the means to learn how to hack into databases, networks and...

When a Handwriting Analysis Expert Witness Is Needed

  April 3, 2017     By HG.org
Some cases have documentation that requires verification through handwriting analysis. This means an expert is needed for analyzing the...

Why Is Antitrust Compliance Counseling and Training so Important for Companies?

  April 3, 2017     By Bona Law PC
If, like me, you have ever spoken to someone that faces criminal indictment by a federal grand jury following a Justice Department antitrust...

Patients File LivaNova Lawsuit in Pennsylvania

  March 31, 2017     By Patterson Dahlberg Injury Lawyers
More Hospitals Warn Patients About LivaNova Bacterial Infection.

How an Expert Witness Evaluates Economic Damages

  March 30, 2017     By HG.org
When an expert witness or professional is needed to evaluate economic damages, he or she has experience through several years in business...

Lost Profits: An Expert Witness' Calculations

  March 28, 2017     By HG.org
The wrongful actions of a defending party are what cause the plaintiff to seek economic damages when he or she has suffered. This recovery of...

Real Estate Fraud: Reasons to Hire a Real Estate Lawyer

  March 28, 2017     By HG.org
When buying or selling real estate, there are many dangers that someone must be aware of that could lead to legal action. These red flags may be...

How Do I Get the Other Side to Pay My Legal Fees?

  March 27, 2017     By HG.org
When a lawsuit occurs, there are many litigation expenses that directly affect those funds in a settlement, determination from a judge or jury...

How Does an Expert Witness Help with Business Valuation?

  March 27, 2017     By HG.org
Setting up procedures that are used to determine and estimate the financial value of the interest of a business owned by a person is business...

What to Expect at a Personal Injury Trial

  March 27, 2017     By HG.org
When an individual has a personal injury case, he or she must first find a lawyer for litigation. After the claim has been accepted as valid and...

How Long Do I Have to File a Personal Injury Lawsuit?

  March 21, 2017     By HG.org
Personal injury claims are almost always restricted for filing by a time limitation based on the state and the injury being claimed. The...

EPA Investigation of Dodge RAM, Jeep Grand Cherokee Emissions Prompts Class Action Lawsuits Against Chrysler

  March 20, 2017     By Heygood Orr & Pearson
The EPA has launched an investigation into potential emissions cheating by Chrysler on Dodge RAM and Jeep Grand Cherokee diesel models. A pair...

Top Class Action Lawsuit Questions

  March 16, 2017     By HG.org
Class action lawsuits are occurring with greater frequency due to so many multiple party litigation cases. When a company has harmed or injured...

Expert Witness: Common Factors that Contribute to Truck Accidents

  March 15, 2017     By HG.org
Truck accidents are among the general vehicular incidents on the road that lead to property damage, injury and death. When a truck collides with...

Recent Updates on the Duty on Suitability and Mis-selling in Hong Kong

  March 10, 2017     By Angela Wang & Co.
The Court of Final Appeal in DBS Bank (Hong Kong Ltd) v Sit Pan Jit has recently handed down reasons for dismissing Sit's application for leave...

Exclusive Dealing Under the U.S. Antitrust Laws

  March 8, 2017     By Bona Law PC
Are you unable to compete for certain customers because those customers are bound by exclusive-dealing agreements with your competitors? Or are...

Can an Expert Witness be Sued?

  March 6, 2017     By HG.org
In usual circumstances, an expert witness is provided immunity from lawsuit. This is due to an immunity doctrine established by the United...

Why Divorce Mediation Might Not Work

  March 6, 2017     By Cores & Associates, LLC
Couples do not always agree on everything when they are considering a divorce.

What Does the Average Personal Injury Case Look Like?

  March 6, 2017     By HG.org
The average personal injury case does not exist when it comes to compensation or negotiation. However, most of the proceedings are similar if...

Insurance Expert Witness: What Exactly Is Med Pay?

  By HG.org
When questions and concerns about medical insurance arise, an insurance expert witness may be needed to strengthen the case.

Discovery Options in a Personal Injury Case

  March 3, 2017     By HG.org
When a person is embroiled in a personal injury case, the discovery process provides a reasonable way for him or her to gather information....

Personal Injury Settlements – Do I Need a Lawyer?

  By HG.org
There are many different types of accidents that may occur that lead to a personal injury case. When determining a settlement, the question that...

I Want to Sue My School District because of My Child’s Injury

  By HG.org
Children are harmed in school constantly in usual occurrences where the child is just running, exercising or playing with other kids. However,...

What Are the Elements for a Monopolization Claim under the Federal Antitrust Laws?

  March 1, 2017     By Bona Law PC
Do you or your competitor have a monopoly in a particular market? If so, your conduct or their conduct might enter the territory of the Sherman...

Unraveling the Personal Injury Claims Process

  By HG.org
The personal injury claims process is often a long and arduous one, but with the assistance of a lawyer, the entire situation may be less...

Are Flying Drones Legal? Can They Trespass on My Property? Who Should I Call?

  February 27, 2017     By HG.org
In the age of technology, the flying drone has become just another consumer electronic that may be purchased for personal and private use.

Construction Disputes: When Is It Time to Litigate?

  February 27, 2017     By Michael L. Feinstein, P.A.
When a dispute over payment or performance interferes with a construction project or the use of a piece of real estate, all parties involved...

Copyright Protection for Architectural Works & Other Designs

What Does Copyright Protect? Copyright law protects original works that are fixed in a “tangible medium of expression.”

Trademark Protection for Architectural Works & Other Designs

  February 24, 2017     By Fasthoff Law Firm
Trademarks can play a vital role in protecting architectural features in buildings, including the design of nonfunctional exterior and interior...

The Importance of Litigation Holds

Your company has been served with a lawsuit. What do you do? One of the very first things a company must to do protect itself during litigation,...

When Can You Sue a School for Your Child’s Injuries?

  By HG.org
Injuries occur at school that leave the victims traumatized in multiple ways that could lead to long-term damage. These children could be hurt...

Elements of a Copyright Infringement Claim

A copyright infringement action requires a plaintiff to prove (1) ownership of a valid copyright, and (2) actionable copying by the defendant of...

Defenses to Allegations of Copyright Infringement

There are numerous defenses available to a copyright infringement defendant.

Law 20, 243 Extends IP Benefits for Performing Artists, Directors and Scriptwriters in Chile

Sometimes artists are not aware of their Intellectual Property rights, and this means that they do not protect their creations, performances or...

How to Effectively Question an Expert Witness

  By HG.org
When an expert witness has been obtained for a trial or case, he or she is questioned about his or her expertise. This knowledge of the relevant...

What You Need to Know About Qualifying an Expert Witness During Voir Dire

  By HG.org
When an expert witness is necessary for a case, he or she is usually qualified by experience in a specific field of study or research, knowledge...

Navigating Standard Expert Witness Challenges

  By HG.org
Standards were set for expert testimony to be provided and admissible for court in the case of Daubert. After this, the challenges associated...

Discovery Matters with Non-Testifying Expert Witnesses

  By HG.org
While there are many experts hired for a case used within the walls of a courtroom, there are some that have been retained to provide assistance...

If I Signed a Waiver, Did I Just Sign Away All My Rights to Sue?

  By HG.org
When certain circumstances occur, a waiver must be signed to proceed with a situation. These could be for employment, disclosed secrets and...

Medical Expert Witness How a Traumatic Brain Injury Changes Your Life

  By HG.org
Traumatic brain injuries affect victims in severe and serious ways even when the initial injury is mild, moderate, severe and life-threatening.

New Jersey Marriage Contract FAQs

What Is a Marriage Contract in NJ ? When two people decide to get married, this is a contract to the state as much as it is a commitment to...

How The Bifurcated Trial System Can Favor Defendants And Hurt A Plaintiff's Case

[It has been] discussed how a century-old rule barring mention of liability insurance may actually create bias in a jury, favoring a defendant....

Disputing a New York Mechanic's Lien

Mechanic's liens can cause headaches for property owners across the State of New York, especially when they do not know how to challenge the...

Adjacent (Neighboring) Property Construction in New York City

When building in the tight confines of New York City is is often necessary to work with your neighbor to allow the construction to be safely...

Private Investigation: E-Discovery of Phone and Electronic Devices

  By HG.org
In some legal cases, a need may arise for the use of e-discovery. This mechanism can help make records from electronic devices and...

Five Common Cases Private Investigators Handle

  By HG.org
Private investigators serve an important role. They often handle cases that are not taken care of by other professionals but that serve an...

When Doctors Are Actually “Hired Guns” in Canada

Would an insurance company be so driven to deny benefits to an injured person that they would spend more on medical assessments than on actual...

When Can I Sue for Verbal Assault?

  By HG.org
There are instances that occur with frequency where someone is traumatized by the verbal actions of another. These could include name-calling,...

Considerations in Settling a California Dispute

[There are] advantages of filing a lawsuit, even where you know from the outset that the other party will likely agree to settle, so you can use...

Bad Faith Insurance Practices and How to Spot Them - Should I Hire a Lawyer?

  By HG.org
Personal injury claims are often processed by insurance carriers for negotiating settlements when certain incidents occur. This means that the...

What Is Due Diligence - A Private Investigator's Perspective

  By HG.org
Due diligence is the reasonable inquiry into a business proposal or through the process of buying or selling something of value. Through this...

Determining Liability in a Roof Fall Accident

  By HG.org
Accidents involving roof disasters are among some of the most injurious to the victims. They may experience intense pain, broken bones, harm to...

Using a Private Investigator to Locate Hidden Assets

  By HG.org
When a person believes that another is hiding assets that he or she may have an interest in, he or she may hire a private investigator to help...

How Does an Architectural Expert Witness Find a Building Defective?

  By HG.org
When there is a possible case where a building has been erected with defective areas or designs, it may be necessary to hire an architectural...


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