Turkey Legal Articles

Law related articles writen by lawyers
and experts witnesses practicing in Turkey

Recognition of Russian Court Decisions in Turkey

  August 17, 2017     By Cindemir Law Office
Under Turkish Law, there is a difference between recognition of foreign decision and enforcement of the decision. Applicant may ask recognition...
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Compensation of Damages for Foreign Victims Due to Terror under Turkish Law

  August 17, 2017     By Cindemir Law Office
Within the scope of the Law No. 5233 on the Compensation of Damages Resulting from Terrorism and the Fight against Terrorism, the damages of our...

Aircraft Finance in Turkey

  August 1, 2017     By Yurdakul International Legal Consultancy
The volume of aircraft financing in Turkey has recently increased due to the reduction of costs in general and securities as well as the stable...

Mandatory Mediation in Labor Disputes in Turkey

  July 7, 2017     By Serap Zuvin Law Offices
Mediation, as one of the alternative dispute resolution methods, has been introduced into the Turkish Law system with the Law on Mediation in...

Looking at Anti-Bribery Legislation in Turkey and Beyond

  June 22, 2017     By Guden Law Firm
Corruption is a widespread phenomenon in international business transactions all over the World. In accordance with corruption perception index...

New Routes to Acquire Turkish Citizenship under the New Regulation

  June 21, 2017     By Guden Law Firm
The new regulation for the exceptional acquiring of a Turkish Citizenship was introduced by the Turkish Government on 12.12.2016.

Data Protection; Progresses Non-Stop in Turkey

  June 20, 2017     By Serap Zuvin Law Offices
Turkey is working full speed to comply with continuous developments in technology and set the international standards and draw up the security...

Recognition & Exequatur Procedures Under Turkish Practice

  June 12, 2017     By Erdem Topak Law Office
Increase in international trade, people living abroad of their home countries for various reasons and the disappearance of borders by time has...

Acquisition of Turkish Citizenship by Investment

  June 12, 2017     By Cengiz & Opak Law Office
With the amendment of Article 20 of the Regulation on the Implementation of Turkish Citizenship Law, there are now certain criteria to acquire...

Apostille and the Hague Convention

  June 8, 2017     By Erdem Topak Law Office
The Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement for Legalization for Foreign Public Documents (“Hague Convention”) is an international treaty,...

Solar Power in Turkey in Light of Recent Developments

  May 23, 2017     By Ketenci & Ketenci
With a rapidly growing economy, Turkey has become one of the fastest-growing energy markets in the world. Over the last decade, Turkey has been...

Litigation Finance in Turkey

In the event of a legal action or execution proceedings, it is the claimant party who cover the litigation costs at the beginning, in Turkey....

Acquiring Turkish Citizenship Through Investment

Turkish Citizenship Law numbered 5901, indicates the procedures regarding the regulation of principles relating to the acquisition and loss of...

Residence Permits of Foreigners Acquiring Immovable Property in Turkey

Foreigners and International Protection Law numbered 6458 publishing in the Official Gazette dated 11/04/2013 and numbered 28615 have brought...

Termination of Employment Contracts in Turkey

The Labour Code numbered 4857 (“Labour Code”) regulates the working conditions and also rights and obligations of the employees and employers.

The Procedure for Foreigners and Non-Resident Turkish Citizens to File a Lawsuit in Turkey

The procedure for a foreigner to bring an action in Turkey is not very different from the procedure a Turkish national would follow when...

A Card for Foreigners to Work in Turkey: Turquois Card

For many years, Turkey has contributed to the employment of foreign countries and there has been migration of workers from Turkey to many...

A Brand New Law On Movable Pledge Especially For SMEs To Enjoy - Turkey

Recently, on January 1, 2017, the Law on Movable Pledge in Commercial Transactions[1] (“Law”) entered into force and prevailed the Law on...

Turkey’s Civil Offset Enthusiasm

Most probably many people would not know more about where offset/industrial participation discussions were moving toward before the article...

The New International Labor Law and the Turquoise Card System in Turkey

With the increasing flow of FDI into Turkey in the past decade, the number of international employees have substantially escalated within the...

EB-6 Start Up Visa Proposal in Turkey

Under U.S. immigration law, temporary visas are considered to be ill-suited for entrepreneurs. Startups have been shown to be responsible for...

Canada Investor Immigration Program

Canada offers an “investor immigration program” for business entrepreneurs, self-employed person and investors coming from outside Canada who...

Sukuk (Islamic) Bond Issuance in Turkey

In this memorandum, the mechanics of Sukuk Issuance is broadly outlined and some key information is provided about the regulations on sukuk...

Natural Gas Market in Light of the Menr’s Strategic Plan in Turkey

Ministry of Energy (“MENR”) published its Strategic Plan for 2015-2019 which has been designed as a strategic road map, by taking the global...

Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in Turkey under the New York Convention

Although arbitration is considered as a reasonable form of alternative dispute resolution, foreign arbitral awards are subject to an enforcement...

How to Claim Refunds for Overcharged Import Taxes Due to Surveillance Certificate Requirements in Turkey

Ministry of Economy determines certain minimum thresholds for certain products in order to force the exporters to pay higher taxes on the...

Real Estate Acquisition by Foreign Real Persons and Foreign Companies in Turkey

Investment in real estate has always been one of the favorite choices for investors. According to Knight Frank Global Price Index Q4 2015 and Q1...

Trademarks in Turkey

The procedures and principles regarding trademarks have been regulated in the Decree Law Regarding the Protection of the Trademarks (No. 556)...

Joint Stock Companies and Limited Liability Companies in Turkey

Provided here is general information regarding two primary types of limited liability entities that may be incorporated in Turkey.

Company Types and Registration in Turkey

Brief information on main types of companies and the procedures of registration in Turkey for foreigners.

Real Estate Purchase by Foreigners in Turkey

The procedure and regulation concerning foreigners' acquisition of real estate in Turkey.

Note on Data Protection in Turkey

Please be informed that currently there is no specific regulation regarding the protection of personal data in Turkey and protection of personal...

Immigration Law: Residence and Work Permits for Foreigners in Turkey

It is significant for the foreigners to comply with the immigration laws while residing and working in Turkey. Below are the general principles...

Law No. 6333 Amendments Concerning the Employment Law in Turkey

The Law Regarding the Amendment of Income Tax Law and Certain Laws (Law No:6663) (the “New Law”) has been published on the Official Gazette on...

Reinsurance & Reinsurance Investments by International Companies in Turkey

The laws and regulations governing the insurance and reinsurance practices in Turkey are quite complex, This brief aims to inform readers on...

Solar Power Tenders in Turkey

Establishment of solar powers with a view to operating in electricity market is regulated in Electricity Market Code (the “Code”) law no. 6446.

Recognition of Foreign Judgements in Turkey

According to Turkish Private International Law (“Law”), a foreign judgments may be executed. The execution of the judgments in Turkey rendered...

Debt Collection in Turkey

Under Turkish Law, a creditor is granted the right to collect its receivable in two ways. Firstly, it can initiate litigation procedures by...

Termination of Distribution Agreements under Turkish Law

In international or local trade relations, termination of distribution agreements especially by manufacturers come frequently to the fore.

Wind Power in Turkey

Due to the increasing energy gap arising from industrial and technological developments of Turkey, the demand on electric energy has been...

Incorporation of Investment Enterprises in Turkey

Investment companies or funds within the frame of the Capital Markets Law.

Legal Aspects of Real Estate Purchase of Foreign-Capital Companies in Turkey

Due to Turkey’s rapidly financial growth and increasing population, real estate market has been developing for last five years.

Solar Power Plants in Turkey

Numerous countries have been in an energy transition in recent years due to the decreasing capacity of primary energy resources such as natural...

Turkish Zoning Law

A country shall have regular human settlements and certain bordered zones, in order to provide a healthy environment and create feasible...

Renewable Energy in Turkey

Energy Market Preferred by Foreign Investors Also in 2015

Latest Developments in Banking Finance in Turkey

The New Communiqué on the Principles Regarding Securities Investment Trusts has been published in the Official Gazette numbered 29368...

Distribution Agreements in Turkish Law

Due to developments particularly in telecommunication technologies and transport since last century, more products have been demanded by...

Real Estate Market in Turkey

No doubt the global economic recession and crisis have affected the European and US real estate markets. On the other hand, the real estate...

Mergers and Acquisitions in Turkey

Mergers and Acquisitions (“M&A”) is defined as the combining of two or more companies or buying-selling or dividing of two or more companies as...

Franchising in Turkey

Franchise sector in Turkey has been in a rapid growth in the recent years. As of 2014, there were approximately 1850 chain of enterprises in...



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