Uruguay Legal Articles
Law related articles writen by lawyers
and experts witnesses practicing in Uruguay
The Free Zones, ruled in our positive law by the Law Nº 15921, are fenced areas of the national territory taken away from the Customs jurisdiction in which the merchandise that comes from foreign countries may enter without payment of duties and leave the country in the same way that they have entered, or after a process of production.
On July 10, 2007, the Uruguayan Senate approved the new Antitrust Act. It was later regulated by Decree Nº 404/007 of October 29, 2007. The purpose of the law is to promote and regulate competition in favor of consumers and users’ welfare, fostering economic effectiveness and equality for accessing markets.
Pharmaceutical Patents are patentable (the Patent Office is forced to grant these kind of patents, as long as it satisfy the patentability requirements established in the Patent Act Nº 17.164) in Uruguay since November 1, 2001, although patent applications regarding pharmaceutical products could be filed from January 1st, 1995, according to the Mail Box provisions of TRIPS.
Tourism investments in Uruguay, South America, has increased in the last years. This industry is increasing its participation, year after year, in the GDP of the country. Uruguay is regionally famous specially for the hundred of kilometres of beaches in its coast and the interest shown by international hotel chains to have presence in the country, especially in Montevideo, the well known beach resort Punta del Este and Colonia, close to Buenos Aires.
The in-transit merchandise, if it is a counterfeit, shall and may be seized since, as it is in Uruguayan territory, law 17011 is applicable. The jurisprudence also shows that this position has been widely accepted by our Criminal Judges.
Some Comments on the Criteria of The Uruguayan Trademark Office with Respect to Slogans or Advertising Phrases
“Phrase”, according to the Spanish Language Dictionary, is the “group of words that are enough to make sense even when it does not constitute a formal sentence”. “Advertising Phrase” or “Slogan” is a phrase that is used to advertise or promote a product, a service, a political candidate, an organisation, etc.