Medical Malpractice Law
What is Medical Malpractice Law?
Medical malpractice law governs the liability of doctors and other treatment providers when they cause harm to a patient by rendering their services in a negligent manner. All states have their own laws and procedures to handle these specialized personal injury cases. But in general terms, a doctor will be held liable if his or her conduct fails to meet the “standard of care” provided by other doctors under similar circumstances.
Errors that qualify as medical malpractice will typically fall into one of several categories. These include a failure or delay in diagnosing a patient’s condition, misreading X-rays, prescribing the wrong pharmaceuticals, failing to warn a patient of the risks or side effects of a procedure, performing services without the patient’s informed consent, and making a mistake during surgery or childbirth.
When doctors act carelessly, the results can be catastrophic for the patient. It is not surprising, then, that damage awards in medical malpractice cases are among the largest of all personal injury cases. Damages may include medical expenses, physical pain and suffering, emotional distress, lost wages, decreases in earning potential, punitive damages, as well as compensation for partial or complete impairment, disfigurement, and death.
Expert witnesses play a unique role in medical malpractice lawsuits. Many of the issues debated in these cases, such as whether a surgery was performed correctly, are too complex for judges and juries to understand on their own. This means other doctors must be called upon to study the case, render an opinion, and explain their findings. For the injured patient, the expense of hiring an expert significantly increases the cost of bringing the claim.
A number of public policy groups and elected officials oppose large damage awards in medical malpractice suits. Referred to as tort reform, this effort aims to pass legislation making it more difficult for injured people to file lawsuits, and to cap the amount of damages they can recover once they win. Proponents argue that tort reform will reduce the cost of health care, but the data is inconclusive, and the issue remains highly contentious.
Compensation for Your Suffering
The first step in pursuing a medical malpractice case is to retain an attorney. Unlike some other areas of the law, self-representation in these cases is not feasible. In fact, due to the financial resources and litigation expertise required, most attorneys do not accept medical malpractice cases. Plaintiffs should seek out a reputable law firm that specializes in medical malpractice.
The attorney will begin by conducting an in-depth evaluation of the factual circumstances surrounding the incident. Hospital records and other evidence will be gathered, and depositions (formal interviews for the purpose of recording sworn testimony) will be taken of the defendant and any witnesses. A medical expert, who will later be available to testify at trial, will then review the evidence and draft a report for the plaintiff.
The expert’s report will be turned over to the defendant’s attorneys and insurance adjuster, and settlement negotiations will take place. If the two sides can agree on the amount of damages that should be paid, they will enter into a settlement agreement. The plaintiff will be compensated, and the case will end. If the parties cannot agree, the case will proceed to trial. A judge or jury will then decide the outcome.
During the entire process, the plaintiff’s attorney must comply with a variety of procedural requirements. A single misstep can result in the case being dismissed. These requirements include a statute of limitations, which is a strict deadline for filing the paperwork to initiate the lawsuit. Depending on state law, the case may have to be presented to a medical review board prior to filing suit, and special notices to the defendant may be required.
Patients trust doctors to perform their duties with care. However, when preventable accidents occur during the course of medical treatment, injured patients and their families often encounter insurance companies that want to deny compensation, or pay far less than they should. If medical malpractice is suspected, the best way to protect a patient’s rights is to contact a qualified attorney.
Know Your Rights!
Articles on HG.org Related to Medical Malpractice Law
- What Is the Role of a Medical Expert Winess in a Malpractice Case?In a medical malpractice case, a medical expert may provide critical information before or during the trial. It is important for the person hiring the expert to have a clear understanding of the role of the medical expert and on laws that pertain to medical malpractice cases.
- When Can You Sue for Emergency Room MalpracticeEveryday people are injured and must go to an emergency room to seek care for their medical needs. However, in some cases, a doctor’s errors may result in causing even greater harm to a patient. When a doctor acts in a negligent manner, an injured patient may be able to pursue financial compensation for the harm caused to him or her.
- How a Misdiagnosis Results in Medical MalpracticeWhen diagnosed with a medical condition, the situation is often stressful and emotional as it is. When the person discovers that initial health problem is not what is really occurring, he or she may become agitated, angry and upset.
- Hospitals’ Failure To Report FatalitiesIn a recent report, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reported that 12 hospitals in the United States failed to comply with their requirement to report device-related patient fatalities to the devices’ manufacturers in a timely manner.
- Deciding Factors before Pursuing a Medical Malpractice ClaimMedical malpractice issues plague thousands of patients in the United States each year due to medical errors and negligence. Deviations from standard care may be a contributing factor that leaves a healthcare facility open to litigation. However, before a lawsuit may be pursued by the victim of injury, there are certain deciding factors that should be considered.
- When Is It Medical Malpractice VS. Just a Bad Outcome?When a person is harmed during a medical procedure, the family and victim often feel it necessary to seek a suit against the attending physician, healthcare facility or those involved in the incident. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to seek compensation when injury occurs in these situations.
- The Critical Role of a Medical Expert in a Medical Malpractice CaseMedical malpractice cases arise in the thousands each year that affect individuals and groups in grievous ways. Injury is the most frequent outcome, but some victims lose their lives when a physician is not exhibiting appropriate behavior or standards when operating or caring for someone else.
- What to Do after a Baby's Birth Goes Terribly WrongA baby’s birth is usually one of the happiest times an expecting mother experiences in her life. However, this is not the case when a medical professional is negligent in his or her duties. The consequences of unprofessional actions often affect the entire life of the person birthed during this situation.
- Dynamics of a Birth Injury LawsuitWhen a baby is injured during birth, he or she may have a negative impact that affects him or her throughout life or long-term physical harm that could lead to serious complications. Other minor bruises or lacerations could transpire when particular instruments and tools are used through the healthcare facility.
- Action Plans for Parents Considering Filing a Medical Malpractice Claim on Behalf of Their ChildrenWhen a child is harmed during a medical procedure, the parent is usually the person that has to consider filing a claim for medical malpractice. However, there are some well-informed young persons that know when this should occur and when the issue is merely a bad outcome and not malpractice.
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State Boards of Medical Examiners and Licensure
Medical Malpractice - US
- ABA - Medical Malpractice
The American Bar Association offers this brief definition of medical malpractice, as well as answers to several commonly asked questions on the topic.
- Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
HHS is the federal agency charged with protecting the health of Americans. This includes the administration of Medicare and Medicaid. These insurance programs often play a role in medical malpractice claims.
- Illinois Medical Malpractice
Medical malpractice occurs when a doctor, hospital, or other health care provider fails to adhere to the standard of care and a patient is injured or dies as a result. Each state has its own laws regarding medical malpractice.
- Medical Liability Reform (ATRA)
The American Tort Reform Association is dedicated to “repairing” the justice system by limiting recovery for medical malpractice victims. This website explains the group’s mission and current activities.
- Medical Malpractice - Wikipedia
This Wikipedia entry describes the subject of medical malpractice, with a focus on legal actions brought in the United States. Tort reform is also discussed.
- Medical Malpractice Illinois
Medical malpractice (IL) occurs when a doctor, hospital, or other health care provider fails to adhere to the standard of care and a patient is injured or dies as a result.
- Medical Malpractice Insurance
Treatment providers carry insurance to cover claims brought by patients. Medical malpractice insurance is described on this web page published by the Insurance Information Institute.
- Medical Malpractice Law
This web page contains a number of articles on medical malpractice law. Topics include case evaluation, expert witnesses, and methods for calculating damages.