Naturalization Law refers to the legal processes affecting the choice to adopt the nationality of a nation by an individual who is not a citizen of that country at the time of their birth. In the United States, there are several requirements that must be met before a person can obtain citizenship or, in some cases, dual citizenship. These include residency, literacy, education, and an exhibition of “good moral character” and an attachment to the constitutional principles upon which the U.S. system of government is based.
General Requirements for U.S. Citizenship:
The applicant must be age 18 or older at the time of filing for naturalization;
The applicant must be a legal permanent resident (LPR) for at least five (5) years before being eligible for naturalization;
The applicant must have continuous residence in the United States as an LPR for at least five (5) years immediately preceding the date of filing the application and up to the time of admission to citizenship;
The applicant must be physically present in the United States for at least 30 months out of the five (5) years immediately preceding the date of filing the application;
The applicant must have lived within the State or one of its territories with jurisdiction over the applicant’s place of residence for at least three(3) months prior to the date of filing;
The applicant must demonstrate good moral character for five (5) years prior to filing for naturalization, and during the period leading up to the administration of the Oath of Allegiance;
The applicant must have an attachment to the principles of the U.S. Constitution and be well disposed to the good order and happiness of the United States during all relevant periods under the law; and
The applicant must be able to read, write, speak, and understand English and have knowledge and an understanding of U.S. history and government.
Please review the materials below for additional resources related to naturalization laws. Additionally, if you wish to speak with an attorney about becoming naturalized, you may find a list of attorneys by vising our Law Firms Page.
Articles on HG.org Related to the Naturalization Law
- America's 20-Year Immigration Crack Down: The Effects of IIRIRAThis year will mark the 20th anniversary of the enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) of 1996, which fundamentally changed the U.S. immigration system. Signed into law by President Bill Clinton, the new legislation was the product of the newly elected Republican majorities in the House and Senate. As America’s last major immigration reform legislation, it included sweeping revisions of the U.S. immigration system.
- How to Apply for Asylum and Withholding of RemovalAsylum, statutory withholding of removal, and withholding of removal under the Convention Against Torture (CAT) are three distinct forms of immigration relief.
- DUI Consequences and ImmigrationIndividuals who are not citizens of the United States must undergo extensive background checks before they are admitted, while they are applying for adjustment of status and after they have been granted lawful presence. If they are convicted of a crime such as DUI, there can be significant consequences.
- DUI and Consequences on Inadmissibility and DeportationWhen a person who is not a citizen is convicted of DUI, this conviction can have a serious effect on his or her ability to be admitted to the United States or remain in the United States.
- Provisional Waiver Open to More Applicants Easing Path to Legalization for Undocumented ImmigrantsOn Friday, July 29, 2016, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) published new regulations expanding the “provisional waiver.” Under the new regulations, DHS will now accept applications for the “provisional waiver” from those who have Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR or “green card” holder) spouses or parents.
- Filling Out Form I-589 Application for Asylum in the United StatesIn order to file for asylum and/or withholding of removal, an applicant must file the Form I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal.
- About the J-1 Visa Program for Exchange VisitorsThe J-1 visa program enables foreign nationals to come to the U.S. to study, teach, conduct research or receive training for up to several years. The J-1 visa program is administered by the U.S. Department of State, which designates public and private entities to serve as sponsors for J-1 visa applicants.
- Denaturalization in the United StatesDenaturalization is the process by which a U.S. citizen loses his or her citizenship.
- What Is Withholding of Removal Status?Withholding of removal is a form of relief from removal that prevents an alien against whom a final order of removal has been entered from being removed to a specific country.
- How Can I Immigrate to the United States through an EB-5 Investment Visa?Many people believe that the only way to get access to residency in the United States is by getting a “green card”, but that is not so. For example, there is a program that gives foreign investors the possibility to obtain a residence permit when investing in the United States.
- All Immigration Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Immigration including: extradition, green cards, naturalization and citizenship, visas, and work permits.
Naturalization Law - US
- ABA - Immigration And Naturalization Committee
The Committee considers matters of administrative law, procedure, and practice relating to immigration, naturalization, and aliens.
- Aliens and Nationality (Title 8)
Title 8 of the United States Code outlines the role of aliens and nationality in the United States Code.
- Immigration and Nationality Act
The Immigration and Nationality Act, or INA, was created in 1952. Before the INA, a variety of statutes governed immigration law but were not organized in one location. The McCarran-Walter bill of 1952, Public Law No. 82-414, collected and codified many existing provisions and reorganized the structure of immigration law. The Act has been amended many times over the years, but is still the basic body of immigration law.
- Naturalization - Wikipedia
Naturalization is the acquisition of citizenship and nationality by somebody who was not a citizen or national of that country when he or she was born. In general, basic requirements for naturalization are that the applicant hold a legal status as a full-time resident for a minimum period of time and that the applicant promise to obey and uphold that country's laws, to which an oath or pledge of allegiance is sometimes added. Some countries also require that a naturalized national must renounce any other citizenship that they currently hold, forbidding dual citizenship, but whether this renunciation actually causes loss of the person's original citizenship will again depend on the laws of the countries involved.
- Non Citizen Nationality
The Department of State occasionally receives requests for certificates of non-citizen national status pursuant to Section 341(b)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 USC 1452(b)(2).
- Public Laws Amending the INA
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) has been amended many times. When Congress enacts a law, it generally does not re-write the entire body of law, or even entire sections of a law, but instead adds to or changes specific words within a section. These changes are then reflected within the larger body of law.
- US State Department Services - Dual Nationality
The concept of dual nationality means that a person is a citizen of two countries at the same time. Each country has its own citizenship laws based on its own policy. Persons may have dual nationality by automatic operation of different laws rather than by choice. For example, a child born in a foreign country to U.S. citizen parents may be both a U.S. citizen and a citizen of the country of birth.
Organizations Related to the Naturalization Law
- Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
USCIS will secure America’s promise as a nation of immigrants by providing accurate and useful information to our customers, granting immigration and citizenship benefits, promoting an awareness and understanding of citizenship, and ensuring the integrity of our immigration system.
- Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)
The primary mission of the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) is to adjudicate immigration cases by fairly, expeditiously, and uniformly interpreting and administering the Nation's immigration laws. Under delegated authority from the Attorney General, EOIR conducts immigration court proceedings, appellate reviews, and administrative hearings.
- United States Citizenship Info - Naturalization Process
U.S. Citizenship.info is dedicated to teaching you how to become a U.S. Citizen in the clearest, most accurate way possible. The entire naturalization process is outlined below.
Publications Related to Naturalization Law
- Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA) - Citizenship and Nationality
The mission of the Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA) is to protect the lives and interests of American citizens abroad and to strengthen the security of United States borders through the vigilant adjudication of visas and passports. CA contributes significantly to the USG goal of promoting international exchange and understanding
- Certificate of Naturalization Application Guide
The United States Certificate of Naturalization Application Guide was developed to help naturalized U.S. citizens complete and file their own requests for a copy of their Certificate of United States Naturalization. This is a clear, step-by-step guide that explains how to efficiently and quickly obtain a copy of your certificate of United States Naturalization. Please note, you should only apply for a replacement certificate if your current certificate of naturalization is incorrect, lost, mutilated, or destroyed.
- Naturalization Test
One of the requirements for U.S. citizenship through naturalization is to take the naturalization test to demonstrate that you are able to read, write, and speak basic English and that you have a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government (also known as “civics”).