Naturalization Law refers to the legal processes affecting the choice to adopt the nationality of a nation by an individual who is not a citizen of that country at the time of their birth. In the United States, there are several requirements that must be met before a person can obtain citizenship or, in some cases, dual citizenship. These include residency, literacy, education, and an exhibition of “good moral character” and an attachment to the constitutional principles upon which the U.S. system of government is based.
General Requirements for U.S. Citizenship:
The applicant must be age 18 or older at the time of filing for naturalization;
The applicant must be a legal permanent resident (LPR) for at least five (5) years before being eligible for naturalization;
The applicant must have continuous residence in the United States as an LPR for at least five (5) years immediately preceding the date of filing the application and up to the time of admission to citizenship;
The applicant must be physically present in the United States for at least 30 months out of the five (5) years immediately preceding the date of filing the application;
The applicant must have lived within the State or one of its territories with jurisdiction over the applicant’s place of residence for at least three(3) months prior to the date of filing;
The applicant must demonstrate good moral character for five (5) years prior to filing for naturalization, and during the period leading up to the administration of the Oath of Allegiance;
The applicant must have an attachment to the principles of the U.S. Constitution and be well disposed to the good order and happiness of the United States during all relevant periods under the law; and
The applicant must be able to read, write, speak, and understand English and have knowledge and an understanding of U.S. history and government.
Please review the materials below for additional resources related to naturalization laws. Additionally, if you wish to speak with an attorney about becoming naturalized, you may find a list of attorneys by vising our Law Firms Page.
Articles on HG.org Related to the Naturalization Law
- Overview on New Immigration Policies through November 2014 Executive ActionsOn November 20 and 21, 2014, President Barack Obama announced an overhaul of the immigration system through a series of executive actions. The actions established new immigration programs, changed guidelines for existing programs and created new proposals for visas.
- Suspension and Deferral of Deportations: A Band-Aid Covering the TumorCongress and President Obama have both taken recent steps in passing two measures that move in the right direction to solve the immigration crisis in the United States.
- What Is Deferred Action for Parental Accountability?On November 20, 2014, President Barack Obama announced the implementation of a new program called “Deferred Action for Parental Accountability” through an executive order. The program is similar to Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals and provides temporary immigration relief for otherwise law-abiding citizens.
- Special Immigrant Juveniles Status (SIJS) Eligibility & ProcessSpecial Immigrant Juveniles Status, commonly known as SIJS, is a federal law that allows certain undocumented children to get legal permanent residency in the United States. Below, we discuss this complex immigration process and the requirements in detail.
- What Is Deferred Action?Deferred action is the exercise of prosecutorial discretion for certain law enforcement agencies and governmental entities, including Immigration and Customs Enforcement and United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. There are several reasons why deferred action may be exercised.
- Requirements for NaturalizationBecoming a naturalized citizen can be a challenging process but if you meet any or all of the below guidelines the process can become much simpler. We have detailed what to consider when trying to obtain your naturalized citizen when the time comes.
- Tax Implications Depending on Immigration StatusTax implications on certain immigrants and non-immigrants.
- Employment-Based Permanent Residence ProcessOne method of obtaining permanent residency in the U.S. is through the Employment-Based Permanent Residence Process (“EBPRP”) or in other words: through an employer. Once you have an employer that is interested in your skills and in sponsoring you, then the EBPRP may begin. Obtaining your permanent residence through an employer usually takes three (3) phases: Labor certification; Immigrant visa petition; and application for permanent residence.
- What Does Obama's New Executive Order Mean to Me?In November 2014, President Barack Obama established a new executive order that addressed border security and illegal immigration. By statistical estimates, the new executive order would provide for some distinct benefits to about 5 million immigrants who were already in the country.
- How Do I Qualify for Asylum?Individuals who are presently in the United States who legitimately fear persecution in their home country may apply for asylum. However, before asylum is granted, an applicant must follow several requirements and meet eligibility guidelines.
- All Immigration Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Immigration including: extradition, green cards, naturalization and citizenship, visas, and work permits.
Naturalization Law - US
- ABA - Immigration And Naturalization Committee
The Committee considers matters of administrative law, procedure, and practice relating to immigration, naturalization, and aliens.
- Aliens and Nationality (Title 8)
Title 8 of the United States Code outlines the role of aliens and nationality in the United States Code.
- Immigration and Nationality Act
The Immigration and Nationality Act, or INA, was created in 1952. Before the INA, a variety of statutes governed immigration law but were not organized in one location. The McCarran-Walter bill of 1952, Public Law No. 82-414, collected and codified many existing provisions and reorganized the structure of immigration law. The Act has been amended many times over the years, but is still the basic body of immigration law.
- Naturalization - Wikipedia
Naturalization is the acquisition of citizenship and nationality by somebody who was not a citizen or national of that country when he or she was born. In general, basic requirements for naturalization are that the applicant hold a legal status as a full-time resident for a minimum period of time and that the applicant promise to obey and uphold that country's laws, to which an oath or pledge of allegiance is sometimes added. Some countries also require that a naturalized national must renounce any other citizenship that they currently hold, forbidding dual citizenship, but whether this renunciation actually causes loss of the person's original citizenship will again depend on the laws of the countries involved.
- Non Citizen Nationality
The Department of State occasionally receives requests for certificates of non-citizen national status pursuant to Section 341(b)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 USC 1452(b)(2).
- Public Laws Amending the INA
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) has been amended many times. When Congress enacts a law, it generally does not re-write the entire body of law, or even entire sections of a law, but instead adds to or changes specific words within a section. These changes are then reflected within the larger body of law.
- US State Department Services - Dual Nationality
The concept of dual nationality means that a person is a citizen of two countries at the same time. Each country has its own citizenship laws based on its own policy. Persons may have dual nationality by automatic operation of different laws rather than by choice. For example, a child born in a foreign country to U.S. citizen parents may be both a U.S. citizen and a citizen of the country of birth.
Organizations Related to the Naturalization Law
- Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
USCIS will secure America’s promise as a nation of immigrants by providing accurate and useful information to our customers, granting immigration and citizenship benefits, promoting an awareness and understanding of citizenship, and ensuring the integrity of our immigration system.
- Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)
The primary mission of the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) is to adjudicate immigration cases by fairly, expeditiously, and uniformly interpreting and administering the Nation's immigration laws. Under delegated authority from the Attorney General, EOIR conducts immigration court proceedings, appellate reviews, and administrative hearings.
- United States Citizenship Info - Naturalization Process
U.S. Citizenship.info is dedicated to teaching you how to become a U.S. Citizen in the clearest, most accurate way possible. The entire naturalization process is outlined below.
Publications Related to Naturalization Law
- Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA) - Citizenship and Nationality
The mission of the Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA) is to protect the lives and interests of American citizens abroad and to strengthen the security of United States borders through the vigilant adjudication of visas and passports. CA contributes significantly to the USG goal of promoting international exchange and understanding
- Certificate of Naturalization Application Guide
The United States Certificate of Naturalization Application Guide was developed to help naturalized U.S. citizens complete and file their own requests for a copy of their Certificate of United States Naturalization. This is a clear, step-by-step guide that explains how to efficiently and quickly obtain a copy of your certificate of United States Naturalization. Please note, you should only apply for a replacement certificate if your current certificate of naturalization is incorrect, lost, mutilated, or destroyed.
- Naturalization Test
One of the requirements for U.S. citizenship through naturalization is to take the naturalization test to demonstrate that you are able to read, write, and speak basic English and that you have a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government (also known as “civics”).