HG.org Legal Resources

Criminal Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Criminal Law.


Sexual Assault on College Campuses

The rape trial of two Vanderbilt ex-football players has brought national attention to the growing epidemic of sexual assault on college...

Anonymous Tips and Informants

  By HG.org
In some situations, an arrest may be made after information is provided by an anonymous tip or through the use of a confidential informant....

Social Host Liability Laws in New Jersey

Under New Jersey’s social host liability laws, people who serve alcohol to guests in their homes are liable for any injuries that a guest may...

What is the Statute of Limitations for Rape?

  By HG.org
For those states that have a statute of limitations for rape, some period between three to thirty years is common. However, not all states have...

Reasonable Suspicion to Stop a Vehicle

  By HG.org
The terms “probable cause” and “reasonable suspicion” are sometimes used interchangeably. However, these are two different standards, with...

Leaving the Scene of an Accident

  By HG.org
Individuals who are involved in an automotive accident may react negatively due to fear, confusion or guilt. This is especially true if the...

Youthful Offender Status in Alabama

  By HG.org
Criminal penalties tend to be harsh so that the state can accomplish its goals, including deterring similar future conduct from the defendant...

Was the Shooting of Jessica Hernandez Justified?

Over the recent past both police departments nationally as well as the Denver police department have been increasingly in the public eye for...

Alcohol and Mind Wandering

Alcohol has been shown to be one of the leading causes of fatal car accidents; around 58% of drivers involved in fatal crashes were found to be...

Downloading Adult Porn in Bulk Can Get You in Trouble with Child Porn

Searching for, viewing and downloading adult pornography is not illegal. But, there is a problem when sexually explicit images of children sneak...

Fraud in the UAE

Fraud is defined as taking or gaining from another, property, money, vouchers or anything of value by deception or lying or trickery which is...

Overview of Business Crime in Latin America

While several Latin American countries have vowed to combat corrupt practices and have enacted legislation to formalise their intentions,...

How to Seal a Juvenile Record

  By HG.org
Because courts and legislators recognize that minors sometimes lack judgment skills and may have indiscretions in their youth, juveniles are...

What Is a Summons?

  By HG.org
A summons provides legal notice to a party about a lawsuit. It is the first official notice that a defendant receives to notify him or her that...

What Does the Fifth Amendment Protect?

  By HG.org
While many people associate the Fifth Amendment with not incriminating themselves, there are other important aspects of this Amendment to the...

What Does the Fourth Amendment Protect?

  By HG.org
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures by agents of the government....

Military Sexual Assault Issues

The U.S. Defense Department released its findings about the incidence of sexual assault and rape in our nation’s military. The report includes...

Displaced Aggression Theory - Road Rage

Displaced aggression can occur when someone cannot aggress towards the source of incitement or provocation, so instead takes it out on something...

Reduction in Federal Drug Penalties: “Just Say No”

Attorney General Eric Holder “gets it.” He understands that the federal prisons are full of non-violent drug offenders. During his...

New Laws to Help Sexual Abuse Victims and Their Lawyers in California

As a result of changes to sexual abuse laws in California and a more liberal statute of limitations, attorneys in California now have a greater...

What Police are Looking for in a DUI Driver

Under the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution, police are not allowed to simply stop any car in order to investigate the driver...

What Are the Rules Regarding Warrants Based on Informant Tips?

  By HG.org
Dealing with informants is a controversial aspect of criminal law. Several Supreme Court cases have helped to mold this area of the law. States...

Do You Need a DUI Lawyer? You Just Might

Many people don't really believe they should go to the expense of hiring a DUI lawyer when arrested for a drunken driving offense. Do you really...

How a Drug Possession Attorney Defends Clients

When accused of possessing marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy, heroin, “molly,” or other illegal drugs or narcotics, the prosecutors have the burden of...

How Can a Felony Conviction Affect My Career?

  By HG.org
If you are facing a felony conviction, the lasting effects on your career can endure for much longer than any time that you receive. Being...

When Do I Need a Private Investigator?

  By HG.org
In certain cases, a lawyer may recommend hiring a private investigator. He or she may have existing contacts or may recommend that you find your...

Drug Trafficking: Not All Charges Are Equal

There are often completely different outcomes in similar criminal cases depending on the statute an individual is charged with. Prosecution must...

Psychopathy and Altruism Opposite Ends of the Spectrum

Psychopathy is a personality disorder believed to be affecting 1-2% of the world's population. Those afflicted have certain personality...

Risk Factors for Criminal Behavior Peer Rejection

It has been continually shown over the years by developmental psychologists that a child’s peer relationships are essential in proper emotional...

Confessions: Police Interrogation

A confession is probably the most damaging kind of evidence that you can give to the police, and will surely be presented in court in front of a...

Legally Insane: The Insanity Defense

The insanity defense is one of the least successful defenses in a criminal case. The determination of the suspect’s mental state at the time of...

Most Common DUI Question Answered

Most Common DUI Question Answered: What Do I Do If I Am Pulled Over?

What Is Service of Process?

  By HG.org
In order for a plaintiff to proceed with a case, he or she must notify the defendant of a pending action against him or her. Through service of...

How Can I Serve Someone if I Don’t Know Where They Live?

  By HG.org
Before a court can have jurisdiction over a defendant, the plaintiff must serve him or her with the legal documents that show that a legal...

Driving While License Suspended or Revoked (DWLSR) Offenses in Florida

Driving with a suspended or revoked license can be as benign as a civil traffic violation or as serious as a third degree felony, depending on...

Drug Conspiracy Law in Florida – Hampton v. State

A conspiracy is defined in law as an agreement between two or more individuals to commit a crime. Although this may seem like a pretty...

Can You be Stopped for a Law that Does Not Exist?

The Supreme Court recently decided you can be stopped for breaking a law that does not exist.

Pleading No Contest to DUI

When a person is charged criminally with a DUI offense there are several different pleas that he or she can enter in court.

What Constitutes Probable Cause for a DUI Stop?

Many people are surprised to learn that law enforcement officers are not simply allowed to stop any vehicle they see on the road.

Domestic Violence: A Heavy Accusation

Domestic violence is a serious accusation and can have devastating effects on the life of those accused.

What is Retrograde Extrapolation?

Retrograde extrapolation is the scientific and mathematical process used by chemists and toxicologists to estimate what a person’s blood alcohol...

The Danger of Medical Marijuana on Illinois Roads

Illinois joined the growing group of states to allow the use of medical marijuana.

Denied an Interview Because of Past Mistakes? The Law Can Protect Your Rights

Earlier this year, HB5701, the Job Opportunities for Qualified Applicants Act, was passed and signed into law in Illinois. This law is more...

Can I Represent Myself in a Criminal Case?

Explaining the process of representing oneself in a criminal case, and outlining the risks involved with doing so.

How Will A DWI Affect My Job?

The implications that a DWI charge can have on your employment.

My Kid Got Arrested, What Now? Choosing a Criminal Defense Lawyer

Designed to provide parents with specific things to consider before choosing a criminal defense lawyer to represent his/her child who has been...

DUI Defenses

  By HG.org
If you were pulled over during a holiday or any other time of year, you may have been arrested for DUI. However, there are several defenses that...

Suspension and Deferral of Deportations: A Band-Aid Covering the Tumor

Congress and President Obama have both taken recent steps in passing two measures that move in the right direction to solve the immigration...

What Are the Rules Regarding Unconstitutional Searches?

  By HG.org
The United States Constitution provides protection for individuals from illegal searches and seizures. Whether a search is constitutional...

My Kid Got Arrested, What Now? The Pennsylvania Criminal Process For Parents

Designed to provide parents with general information about the Pennsylvania criminal process in the event that their child has been charged with...

The Exclusionary Rule in Thai Criminal Procedure

Section 226 of the Thai Criminal Procedure Code of B.E. 2477 (1934) prohibits, in a criminal case, the admission of evidence that is obtained by...

Drug Crimes in Colorado

Colorado law widely regulates the use of medicinal drugs and outright bans the use of most harmful non-medicinal drugs.

How Can I Get a Criminal Conviction off My Record?

  By HG.org
Criminal convictions are often discovered by potential employers and landlords upon completing a background check. A conviction can follow a...

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Accepting a Plea Bargain?

  By HG.org
The prosecutor and the judge may prefer to dispose of cases through a plea bargain because doing so helps to manage case loads and reduce the...

Five Ways Not to Become a Blind Mule

Yes, it does happen. While the majority of those who are arrested at the international border with cars laden with narcotics know that of their...

A Look on Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence in relation to RA 9262. Domestic Violence is an act of aggressive behaviour within the home and towards a member or members of...

Ignition Interlock Devices: What You Need to Know

An Ignition Interlock Device (“IID”) is a device that connects to a vehicle’s ignition and requires a breath sample from the driver in order to...

DWI Over State Lines: Out-of-State Residents and DWI

One complication that can make handling a DWI much harder is when the defendant is from another state. This raises numerous issues that may not...

How Are Crimes Charged?

In order to get charged with a criminal offense in Colorado, the police are going to be involved in some way. This means any law enforcement...

Field Sobriety Tests

Before a driver can be arrested for a DUI offense, the investigating officer must be able to form a reasonable suspicion that the driver is...

Battery Domestic Violence with Strangulation in Las Vegas, Nevada

Battery domestic violence is a misdemeanor case in Las Vegas Nevada. But a domestic battery by strangulation is taken more seriously and can...

Can a Cop Use a Drug Sniff Dog at My Traffic Stop?

  By HG.org
The Fourth Amendment protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures. However, the United States Supreme Court has held that a drug...

Evidence Needed for a Family Violence Protective Order

Seeking a protective order after an instance of family violence can be complex. A protective order can be used to help a victim of family...

Reasonable Suspicion in DWI Cases

Law enforcement officers are adamant about cracking down on drunk drivers. But what is considered reasonable suspicion when making those stops?...

Possession of Drug Paraphernalia in New Jersey

A discussion about what constitutes drug paraphernalia in New Jersey, as well as the penalties and consequences.

DUI and the Military

One frequent concern that those arrested for driving under the influence may have is what effect a DUI conviction would have on a potential...

Why is Michael Phelps Going to Trial?

For those of you who have not been following this story, let me catch you up. Michael Phelps, the most decorated Olympic athlete in modern...

Is a DUI Fatality Manslaughter or Murder?

A DUI accident that results in a fatality is a tragedy for all parties involved and their families. However, the particular factual...

Missing a DUI Court Date

When someone is arrested and cited for a DUI offense, the driver typically is released from jail the next morning and given a citation with a...

Abuse Tactics Used On Elderly Women

Abuse comes in many forms - emotional, physical, verbal, sexual - and to anyone - young or elderly. Learn how to identify abuse and prevent it.

Is it Worth it to Pursue my Case?

In both evaluations – winning and execution evaluations- there must be a good channel of coordination between the plaintiff, which is the...

Breach of Trust in the UAE

Five points you should know about breach of trust before you accuse somebody

Is Texting While Driving Worse Than DUI?

In today’s world Driving Under the Influence or Driving While Impaired is the poster child of the campaign against bad actors behind the wheel,...

When Is A DUI Considered a Second DUI in California

How much time must pass between DUI convictions before a new charge is no longer considered a "second DUI"? Many people who have old DUI...

Charged with Burglary in Virginia?

Congratulations, you've been initiated into the criminal justice system and you need a good Alexandria criminal defense attorney to represent...

Your Only Defense When You've Been Arrested for DUI

If you've been driving around Alexandria and you have been pulled over for DUI, you need an Alexandria criminal defense lawyer. This is true...

Crimes Against Foreigners in Egypt

Murders of or by foreigners in Egypt – Thankfully these cases are rare, but unfortunately they aren’t unheard of. Not the most common of...

Financial Fraud and Theft as Crimes Against Foreigners in Cairo, Hurghada, Sharm

Financial fraud – the most common and most profitable ‘business’ activity that turns to foreign residents. Real estate fraud, illicit car sales,...

Male Nurses Accused of Committing Elder Abuse Faces Trial and Potentially Six Years in Prison

Two male nurses accused of committing elder abuse faces up to six years in prison if convicted at trial.

Do DUI Checkpoints Violate the Fourth Amendment?

For many people who are stopped and arrested for driving under the influence after going through a DUI checkpoint, a very common question is...

Should I Just Plead Guilty and Avoid a Trial?

  By HG.org
When a criminal defendant is confronting a criminal case and is slated to go to trial, it is the criminal defendant’s decision whether to...

10 Key Defenses to Michigan Drunk Driving Charges

Hundreds of people plead "guilty" to drunk driving charges everyday. Unbeknownst to them, their lives will be dramatically changed for years to...

5 Actions Your Criminal Defense Lawyer Should Take

In every criminal case, whether a misdemeanor or felony, there are 5 key actions that the best criminal defense lawyers take. These actions...

Criminal Defense Attorney: Choosing the Best Professional

Are you looking for the best criminal defense attorney? Here’s an overview of the most essential aspects to consider when looking for the best...

Do I Have a Criminal Case? How to Determine if My Situation Is a Case for a Lawyer

  By HG.org
While many criminal defendants decide to plead guilty early in the process in order to save time or to get a deal with the prosecutor, there are...

Punishment You Will Face if You are Involved in Drug Crime in China

Since the American TV Show ""Breaking Bad" sweep over the whole world, a lot of foreigners are found to be involved in drug crimes in China....

What Happens After a Felony Conviction

  By HG.org
A felony charge is pursued by a prosecutor when a serious crime is committed. A federal felony is category of crime that involves breaking a law...

Pretrial Dispositions of Criminal Cases

The vast majority of criminal cases never go to trial. These cases are either disposed of by a plea bargain or dismissed outright. This article...

Civil Consequences of a DWI

A few weeks ago, we discussed the criminal consequences of a driving while intoxicated (DWI) charge in Texas. This article covers some of the...

Student Records Confidentiality Laws

The disclosure of student records can be important an issue in litigation, including cases involving students and educational matters, child...

Criminal Consequences of a DWI in Texas

The first consequence that most people think of is, of course, jail time. The amount of jail time that can be imposed varies, depending on the...

Non-Disclosure of Criminal Records

Like expunctions, orders of non-disclosure can prevent the disclosure, from the general public, of the existence of a criminal record.

Domestic Violence Offenses in the Tampa Bay Area

In Florida, domestic violence is defined as any assault, battery, sexual assault, sexual battery, stalking, kidnapping, false imprisonment, or...

Expunctions in Texas

A criminal record can have far-reaching consequences, even if the criminal charges do not result in a conviction. Fortunately, Texas law...

Burglary Offenses in the Tampa Bay Area

Simply put, burglary involves entering a house, structure, business, or vehicle without the consent of the owner and with the intent to commit a...

Texas Increases No-Refusal DWI Checkpoints Over the 4th of July Weekend

Holiday weekends are known for increased DWI arrests and tragic alcohol related traffic fatalities. In an effort to thwart this trend, Texas...

In Texas, DWI Offenses Do Not Always Involve Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol

Did you know that in Texas, DWI offenses do not always involve driving under the influence of alcohol. Also, in Texas a DWI is not the same...

When Should I Fight a Traffic Ticket in Court

  By HG.org
When you get a traffic ticket, consider the following issues before deciding whether to fight the ticket:

Warrantless Searches in Texas

It is against the law for police or law enforcement officers to search you and your property without a warrant or consent. However, in some...

Rape Charges Dropped Against Texas Judge

The Dallas police department dropped charges against a Texas civil court judge after a month-long investigation. According to investigators, the...


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