HG.org Legal Resources

Business and Industry Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Business and Industry.


Most Common Legal Aspects Affecting Ex-Patriate Workers in Colombia

  April 21, 2017     By Abusaid Gómez & Asociados
Foreign companies establish their presence in Colombia, and most of the times the first thing they do is, send a trusted directive to oversee...

General Legal Services and How They Prevent Expensive Litigation

  April 21, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
Every small business' worst nightmare is being sued for big bucks. However, there are proactive steps that every business owner can take to make...

Essential Clauses in a Founder’s Agreement

  April 21, 2017     By HG.org
When a new enterprise is launched, it is critical for the future success of the business for the founders to have a clear agreement in place....

Ways to Minimize Risk When Bringing a New Product to Market

  April 21, 2017     By HG.org
It is essential when creating a concept for a new product that will be placed on the market to minimize risks that may affect acquiring a...

Business Lawyer Explains Special Considerations when Terminating Employees

  April 21, 2017     By HG.org
There are a number of laws and regulations in place that protect employees from unlawful and unwarranted termination. Because of these, it is...

Purchasing a Business: Some Liabilities May Not Be Evident

  April 20, 2017     By HG.org
There are many ways in which to purchase a business. These may be through mergers, acquisitions and even purchasing the controlling stock of the...

Business Lawyer Fees and Costs: How to Structure Them for Your Business

  April 20, 2017     By HG.org
Legal expenses can sometimes signify an expensive line item for businesses. This is especially true when the business was not expecting to have...

When Large Medical Groups Acquire Small Physician Practices – Legal and Economic Structure

  April 20, 2017     By Matt Dickstein, Business Attorney
A trend in the medical marketplace is for big group multi-specialty medical practices to buy up small practices, and integrate them into the big...

When a Buy-Sell Clause May be Triggered

  April 19, 2017     By HG.org
Buy-sell agreements are integral to contracts, various agreements and documents necessary in businesses either during the run of the company or...

Legal Ways to Sustain Your Brand’s Value

  April 19, 2017     By HG.org
In the business world, a brand is often one of the most important aspects a company has when being viewed and spoken about by consumers. The...

Spousal Entitlement to Business Interests

  April 19, 2017     By HG.org
During a divorce, there may be many assets that affect both partners. These assets may have been accumulated during the marriage and may be...

Ban on Bars Along Highways – No Disparity with Government Policy in India

  April 19, 2017     By Abhay Nevagi & Associates
The Supreme Court (SC) declared a ban on liquor outlets at a distance of 500 m. from state and national highways. This step taken by the SC met...

Business Law Lawyer: Limited Time to Respond to a Civil Lawsuit

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
When someone is affected by a lawsuit, he or she may only have so much time to react. This means that after a letter or summons to the court has...

Problems with not Paying Employees Properly

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
It is important to understand that a fair wage for work is important. As the middle class is shrinking more with each passing year, money is...

Expert Witness Uses Formulas to Evaluate Lost Profits

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
There are times when a company loses profits through an incident caused by an individual. This often leads to injury to the company or someone...

Why You Need a Buy-Sell Agreement

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
There are many types of agreements needed when running, creating and ending a business. These are often needed initially, but they may be...

The Best Reasons Why You Should Hire a Private Investigator

  April 18, 2017     By HG.org
A private investigator is often useful for a number or reasons, but when a case or claim is necessary in a court of law, these professionals are...

Benefits of Using a C-Corporation Formation

  April 17, 2017     By HG.org
The use of a C corporation is the most common and provides potentially unlimited possible growth with the use of stock and various other means....

Role of Employee Handbooks in At-Will Employment

  April 17, 2017     By HG.org
The employee handbook is usually one of the first things a new worker receives after he or she is inducted into the training program in a...

Importance of Written Operating Agreements

  April 14, 2017     By HG.org
Businesses run well when there is a written operating agreement in place that explains various aspects of the company and how it should be...

Secret Weapons of Private Investigators

  April 14, 2017     By HG.org
Private investigators are need for a variety of reasons, but they often have secret weapons they are able to employ in research, surveillance...

Can My Landlord Terminate My Lease if I Posted a Bad Review of the Apartment?

  April 14, 2017     By HG.org
Landlords draft a lease agreement with tenants in usual standard terms. However, these agreements may be altered upon the termination of the...

Forged Loan Termination Agreement No Benefit to Debtor in the Netherlands

  April 13, 2017     By AMS Advocaten
In summary proceedings in the Netherlands concerning an unpaid loan, the debtor suddenly produced an important document. This was purported to...

Start-Ups: Big Legal Mistakes to Avoid

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
When starting a new business, there are many mistakes that are made by the owners or partners that may be avoided with the knowledge of what not...

Importance of Shareholder Agreements

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
When a company has shareholders, there are often many things that must be accomplished early on rather than waiting until something occurs. This...

Commercial Loan Documents – Beware of “Errors and Omissions” Insurance

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
When insurance is purchased for commercial real estate either through loan documents or independently, it is essential that the purchaser is...

Protecting Small Businesses from Litigation

  April 12, 2017     By HG.org
In order to protect a small business from the threat of litigation, it is important to know how a lawsuit may arise. The risks of litigation...

Damages for Breach of Contract in English Law

  April 12, 2017     By Summerfield Browne Solicitors
Where parties are in a litigation dispute relating to breach of contract, it is important to assess the nature of any damages which might be...

IT Services Agreements: Liability of Outsourced IT Services

  April 12, 2017     By Law Office of Vasilios Peros, P.C.
Over the years, technological advances have allowed many companies to outsource much of the creation, maintenance and support of their...

Health Claims in Relation to Mineral Water Need to Comply with the Health Claims Regulation in Germany

  April 12, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Health claims in relation to mineral water need to be consistent with the Health Claims Regulation. This was confirmed by the Bundesgerichtshof...

Benefits and Concerns of Partnering in Business with Your Spouse

  April 11, 2017     By HG.org
The vast majority of businesses in the United States are family-owned or controlled. This means that many people are in business with a...

Private Investigators Uncover Invisible Resumes Online and Related Documents

  April 11, 2017     By HG.org
A private investigator is often tasked with the responsibility of finding information that is hidden from view of the public. One such source of...

Commercial Contracts and Changes in Circumstances in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
A failure by a contractual party to anticipate a change in circumstances before entering into a contract, could adversely affect their...

Contracts: a Change in the Illegality Defence in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Illegality on the part of one contractual party may not prevent that party successfully asserting their legal rights against the other.

Unravelling Commercial Contracts on Misrepresentation in the Bahamas

  April 11, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
A contract or settlement can be ‘unraveled’ if, in the circumstances, it was entered into following a fraudulent misrepresentation.

A Lawyer’s Perspective: Best Uses of a Private Investigator

  April 10, 2017     By HG.org
Private investigators serve many important functions that are distinct from the services provided by a lawyer. Due to the variety of services...

Commercial Contracts: Are Clear General Endeavours/Good Faith Conditions Required in the Bahamas?

  April 10, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Contractual terms in a commercial agreement must be as explicit as possible if the parties wish them to mean what they intend them to mean. A...

Company Insolvency: Wrongful Trading in the Bahamas

  April 10, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
Company directors may not be able to defend a wrongful trading charge if they fail to treat creditors equally in the face of a potential...

Commercial Contracts: Are Oral Discussions Binding in the Bahamas?

  April 10, 2017     By Parris Whittaker, Attorney at Law
The effect of a breach of contract can be such that the contract is automatically ended and the aggrieved party cannot insist on the contract...

Shareholder Rights Against a Director

  April 10, 2017     By HG.org
Some directors in a company start actions that are in opposition of what shareholders want. These decisions may take the business in a direction...

Restrictive Covenants in Florida Contract Law Your Business Needs

  April 7, 2017     By Apfelbaum Law
In a free-market system, competition is healthy and beneficial to consumers, encouraging innovation and competitive prices. In general, the...

Crowdfunding Start-Up: What it Is and How it Works in Italy and the EU

  April 7, 2017     By Arnone & Sicomo
Crowdfunding is an alternative source of funding that makes use of the web, and of the virtual environment, in order to put ideas in contact...

What Are My Rights as a Father when a Surrogacy Goes Wrong?

  By HG.org
Surrogacy problems may occur for a number of reasons. When a couple is unable to or cannot birth their own baby, they often opt for alternatives...

How Do I Start a Food Production Business?

  By HG.org
Starting a food production business may appear as something easy or quick to initiate or enter into, but just as any other company is formed,...

Doing Due Diligence: Private Investigation of Your Business Partners and Contracts

  April 5, 2017     By HG.org
Due diligence is necessary when partners and contracts are involved in a business. This is due to certain paperwork, processes and the initial...

Liability Claims Against Executive Bodies

  April 5, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Executive boards, supervisory boards and managing directors are subject to a substantial risk of personal liability. With the help of suitable...

Legal Considerations When Buying a Business: Summary of the M&A Process

  April 4, 2017     By Gehres Law Group, P.C.
Thinking of buying a business? For any arms’ length transaction, it is critical that buyers take certain steps during the purchase process (also...

Legal Contracts a Partnership Should Have in Place

  By HG.org
For a peaceful and amenable partnership to be in place with obligations and duties for each that makes use of skills, talents and knowledge,...

Importance of Annual Meetings for California Corporations

  April 4, 2017     By Gehres Law Group, P.C.
Did you know that failing to address your company’s corporate and legal compliance issues can lead to costly and avoidable consequences?

Renewal of European Union Trademark Registration

  April 4, 2017     By Krasimira Kadieva
European Union trademark registration is administered by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO).

Assessing Risk of Liability and D&O Insurance in Germany

  April 4, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
By taking out a D&O insurance policy, managers are attempting to reduce their risk of private liability. The risks and the scope of the policy...

Minimizing Legal Liability in Hiring and Firing

  April 3, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
Every company that hires employees will eventually run into one that needs to be let go. The problem is that the problematic employee may not...

Protect Yourself from Liability Caused by Your Employees' Mistakes and Misdeeds

  April 3, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
Appliance repair, carpet cleaning, and plumbing all have one thing in common: They can face expensive legal liability if a mistake is made or a...

Importance of Planning for the End of the Business at the Beginning

  By HG.org
When starting a new business, the potential owner should keep in mind what it takes to end the company as well. This may mean a failure, a...

How a PI Can Expose Invisible Online Resumes

  April 3, 2017     By HG.org
Online resumes are often viewed by employers to determine if someone has the qualifications for hire at the company. Most of these are available...

Setting up a Wholly Foreign-Owned Enterprise in China

  March 31, 2017     By Danos & Associates LLC
A Wholly Foreign-Owned Enterprise (WFOE) is an increasingly popular investment vehicle used by foreign entities that would like to form a...

Is Your Non-Compete Agreement Enforceable under Georgia Law?

  March 31, 2017     By Robbins Ross Alloy Belinfante Littlefield LLC
Keeping your company’s proprietary data private protects your market share and while preserving its reputation for high-quality goods and...

Dismissal Without Notice for Breaching Duties to Cooperate Effective in Germany

  March 31, 2017     By GRP Rainer LLP
Employees have duties to cooperate. These can also cover examinations by company doctors. If these duties are breached, there is then the...

Creating a Solid Partnership for Your Business

  By HG.org
Long-lasting business partnerships are not easily built, and they are rare in nature. Creating and building such relationships is a masterwork...

Common Reporting Standard: Are We Finally Seeing the End of Tax Evasion in Participating Countries?

  March 30, 2017     By Harvey Law Group
The Common Reporting Standard (the "CRS") was developed in response to the request of the G20 to fight against tax evasion and call on...

Preparing a Company or Business for Sale in the UK

  March 30, 2017     By Dixcart Legal Limited
People often say they are selling [a business] but do not know how the transaction is to be structured, e.g. by selling the shares in the...

Private Investigator Tools of the Trade

  By HG.org
Private investigators are specially trained individuals who employ a number of investigative techniques and tactics to discover important...

Factors that Suggest a Partnership Fight be on the Horizon

  By HG.org
A business partnership is an effective way to pool resources, rely on various skills and work together on a common goal. However, business...

Limited Liability Company Formation

  By HG.org
When creating a new business, it is important to consider what type it should be and how to go about it all. Deciding upon a limited liability...

When Does the Duty to Incorporate a Business Vehicle in Colombia Arise?

Doing business in Colombia requires, in some cases, to create a domestic business vehicle.

What To Do Before You Disclose an Idea for an Invention

A question high on the list of first asked questions to a Patent Attorney, is “what do I need to protect my idea before I talk to an investor,...

Breach of Contract in Commercial Real Estate Transactions

  By HG.org
There are many contracts created where one or the other party often has qualms after it has been finalized.

Legal Mistakes Affecting Business Partnerships

  By HG.org
Business partnerships can be a favorable way to launch a business by combining a shared vision of the business, complimentary skills and capital...

Germany Imposes Fines for Illegal Price Fixing

Manufacturers are allowed to make non-binding price recommendation, but they cannot issue merchants with price specifications. Otherwise, they...

How Can I Protect My Trade Secrets When I Enter into a Business Contract with Another Company?

  By HG.org
When the creator of a trade secret must do business with another business, it is important that the secrets that are often disclosed to other...

How to Find the Right Business Law Lawyer for You

  By HG.org
When there are business concerns that require the assistance of a lawyer, it is best to contact and then consult with a business legal...

Can a Business Ask about My Disability and My Need for a Service Dog?

  By HG.org
The Americans with Disabilities Act protects a person that has a disability for employment, when in public establishments and from various forms...

SME Internationalization: Business Strategies in Italy

SME Internationalization: How to expand business to overseas markets.

Reviewing Franchise Agreements in Germany

The key arrangements between franchisees and franchisors are set out in the franchise agreement. For this reason, both parties ought to closely...

Protecting Your Business Interests with Non-Compete Agreements

A non-compete agreement is a type of restrictive covenant that protects employers from employees leaving and setting up a competing business....

Someone Broke a Contract

Did a client, vendor, bank, corporation or partner break a contract? Did you break a contract? When someone breaks a contract it's described as...

Representation or Accompaniment at General Meeting of Shareholders in Germany

GmbH shareholders can be represented by a proxy at the general meeting of the shareholders. In addition, it may be permissible according to a...

Essential Legal Tips for Business Owners

  By HG.org
New business owners can take steps during the initial stage of their business to protect their legal interest. The following tips can help a...

Opportunities Created by the New Duty Free Zone Regulation in Colombia

After the 2016 tax reform that took place in Colombia one thing is clear. Duty Free Zones (DFZ) took the best portion of tax benefits and...

Buying Out a Business Partner

  By HG.org
At some point during the course of the business partnership relationship, there may come a time when the partners no longer want to work...

Business Disputes That Require a Business Attorney

Even though Americans pride themselves on their rugged individualism and independence, there are some things that simply should not be attempted...

What Is Crowdfunding? (And How Can It Help Your Startup?)

Crowdfunding is an innovative way to raise money for a project by pooling small contributions from a large number of people.

Legal Structure for a Business with 50/50 Shareholders

The key to the [legal structure of a business with 50/50 shareholders] is this: The two partners can either work together, or they can break up.

Carve-out Plans for Company Employees in Israel

One of the common remuneration mechanisms in startups and technology companies is the granting of options to employees in addition to or,...

Need for Documentation for Small Businesses

  By HG.org
Many people start to run small businesses because a hobby starts to become more profitable. They often begin their businesses out of their own...

Can I Transfer the Ownership of my Professional Practice?

  By HG.org
Many professionals have built a practice from the ground up. These could be physicians, dentists, veterinarians and those of similar backgrounds.

New Law on Subcontracting in the Private Sector in the Democratic Republic of Congo

On 8th February 2017, the President of the Republic of Congo enacted the Law 17/001 on Subcontracting in the Private sector in Democratic...

Digital Incorporation of Companies in Kenya

You can now incorporate your company in Kenya online using the Attorney General's portal in eCitizen.

What Is 506(C) Offering and What Does It Mean for Financing Your Company?

A New Day For Startups Seeking Capital

Trademark Coexistence Agreements

Trademarks are graphically represented signs, which are used to distinguish and identify the goods of one manufacturer or seller from those of...

Jordan’s Judicial Authorities Branch

The constitution of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan clearly states that the judicial branch of the country is independent while judges only...

Florida Legal Services: The Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016

The signing of the Defend Trade Secret Act of 2016 could potentially be great news for companies and businesses seeking protection of their...

Accounting – Why and When a Forensic Accountant Is Needed

  By HG.org
Forensic accounting is a specialized form of accounting that is conducted by an expert in a particular field. It can be used in many...

Florida Legal Services Guide to Starting a Sole Proprietorship Business

What’s delaying your final decision to set-up a business in one of the busiest streets of Florida? Is it your lack of knowledge on the legal...

Operating a Forex Bureau in Ghana

Relevant statutory guidelines for operating a Forex Bureau under Ghanaian law are found in the Foreign Exchange Act 2006 (Act 723).

The Term “Centre” Potentially Misleading in Germany

A ruling of the Oberlandesgericht (OLG) Frankfurt [Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt] shows that difficulties can arise if there is a desire at...

Construction Disputes: When Is It Time to Litigate?

When a dispute over payment or performance interferes with a construction project or the use of a piece of real estate, all parties involved...

Non-Disclosure Agreements for Startups

Protecting intellectual property is important for a startup business, but private business information should also remain within the business....

Is Your Startup Ready to Talk to Angel Investors?

Startup businesses need to have their financial, regulatory, organizational, and intellectual property ducks in a row before planning for any...

Difficulties in Factory Registration in Egypt

The new ministerial decrees 991/2015 and 43/2016 issued by the Minister of Trade introduced new measures concerning the registration and...


Find a Lawyer

Find a Local Lawyer