Litigation Law Articles
Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Litigation.
Most of us have never hired someone to do construction work of any sort, so when the need arises to hire a contractor to make repairs or improvements on our residential or commercial property, we don’t know where to start. Beware: these are dangerous waters!
It is every registered person’s nightmare. You receive a letter from a FINRA office notifying you that you are the subject of a FINRA investigation.
Contempt of Court is a serious offense. A person can be said to be in contempt for being disobedient to or disrespectful towards any Court of law. The justice system is one of the most important pillars of a democracy and people failing to respect a Court, its process, directions, orders or decrees may have serious consequences in the long run if the practice spreads among the population.
When a legal dispute arises, many individuals believe that litigation is the only way out. However, there are a number of ways that legal conflicts can be resolved without resorting to litigation, including negotiation, arbitration and mediation.
When a person is involved in an accident, he or she may be confused about what happens next. Based on tort principles, a person who sustains an injury that is caused by the negligence of another is entitled to compensation for the damages that he or she suffers as a result of that party’s negligence.
When a person hires someone else to provide goods or services to him or her, the terms of the contract dictate when the work is to be performed or the goods to be provided. However, situations can occur in which the contractor is not providing timely delivery, and the customer may pursue legal action to enforce his or her rights.
Procedure for Foreign Arbitral Award (or arbitration award) Enforcement in Egypt The competent court authorized to hear cases related to the enforcement of a foreign arbitration court: Chief Court of Appeal of Cairo is the competent authority, unless otherwise agreed upon between the parties.
Due to the potential for serious damage, the trucking industry is highly regulated. Truck drivers must follow a complete set of rules regarding the amount of miles that they can drive in a day, the number of hours a day that the truck driver can travel and when they must take breaks. The large nature of commercial vehicles makes them a potentially dangerous object on the roadways. As such, truck drivers must take their stopping distances into consideration.
In the recent judgment (First Miscellaneous Appeal 218 of 2014), the High Court Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh gave its verdict on an important issue which did not get as much attention as it deserves, most probably because, it in a way, only codified the previous stances of the Court in few past cases.
By MMLC Group
In China, emphasis is placed on the law and a functional legal system to further economic development. Therefore, there are many dispute resolution choices for contractual disputes in order to create a business-friendly environment, including market-friendly regulations and institutions capable of enforcing the regulations effectively and efficiently.
Maritime transport and auxiliary services, including: Passenger and freight transportation excluding transportation over ships owned by non- Jordanians. Maritime survey and inspection. Maritime freight forwarding. Shipping agents’ services. Ships chandlers, Ships brokers.
Once you have won a case against a debtor, you are left with a judgment enforcement scenario- where you will need to somehow collect the judgment that you have hard-won in litigation. When the court orders a monetary award, the debtor must pay the amount of the judgment. However “must pay the judgment” is a matter of opinion - because failure of the debtor to do so will only result in the debtors assets being levied, wages being garnished, etc.
The relationship between an insurance company and insured is governed by the insurance contract. However, if the insurance company fails to pay out on a valid claim, the insurance company risks being liable for bad faith. In order for an insured individual to prevail against his or her own insurance company, there are certain legal elements that the insured must prove.
The U.S. Justice Department announced last week that Morgan Stanley will pay a $2.6 billion penalty to resolve claims...
The Maltese Government has recently requested the Attorney General to consult the social partners within the Malta Council for Economic and Social Development (MCESD), and prepare legal amendments aimed at strengthening the guarantees of independence and impartiality of the Industrial Tribunal.
Lawsuits against real estate agents may be based on a number of different claims. Such claims may include allegations of misrepresentation, negligence, lack of disclosure, secret profits, conflict of interest, etc. As such, it’s important for both the real estate agent and the client to understand what the law expects of real estate agents.
Technology has changed the world for the general populace, and now it has threatened to change the landscape of legal practice.
A recent Supreme Court decision has changed the way the IRS and California tax agencies and the Division of Labor Standards, or Labor Commissioner view the classification of independent contractors. California believes miisclassification of employees as independent contractors has cost California more than $7 billion in payroll tax revenue.
Many clients contact business litigation attorneys when it is too late to avoid a dispute. When that happens, the costs and stress of litigation can mount. Here are some relatively simple and cost-effective measures to help you avoid an ownership dispute down the road.
On 1 January 2016, Kazakhstan introduced an innovation – the participatory procedure for dispute settlement. In this review, we take a closer look at this procedure and its features.
Insurance Litigation will be dealt with Insurance Dispute Committee and Appeal Committee.
The Board of Grievance has issued a set of rules and judiciary principles, in 10 volumes, including 4298 pages, 6 volumes thereof are administrative Judiciary Rules and Principles, other 2 are concerned with the commercial judiciary, and the other 2 are for criminal justice
Negligence is the failure on the part of an individual or group to act in a fashion that would reasonably prevent injury being inflicted on any other individual or group.
Wearable technology has gone from calculator watch to Apple Watch in the last few decades. Now we can tweet from our T-shirts, view the world through Google Glass, and keep track of our health and habits second by second with a Fitbit – and these wearable tech trends are only predicted to continue growing and advancing.
For years, the American public has bought Volkswagens in large part due to their excellent fuel efficiency, low emissions, and environmental friendliness. Unfortunately, not only do these vehicles emit higher amounts of pollutants, but they actually expel volumes of nitrogen oxides more than 40 times greater than allowable limits in the United States.
Over the last two decades, the globe has experienced exceptional growth in world trade. This growth is due in part to regulations and oversight in the international the business sector, resulting in reduced risk in the world’s free market economies. The WTO and GATT’s rules and regulations have been a contributing factor in increasing global trade as well.
The Royal Decree Number: – (24/A), dated in 18/02/1437H, was issued stipulating to form the 1st Court of the Banking Disputes Committee, and the 1st Court of the Appeal Committee of Banking Disputes and Violations, according to (Secondly) and ( Fifthly) paragraphs of the Royal Decree number 37441, dated in 11/08/1433H.
If you have been injured and advance an insurance claim, there is a good chance that your insurer will ask you to attend a medical examination with a doctor or specialist of their choosing. These exams are known as IMEs (Independent Medical Examinations).
If you are badly injured, you may wish to file a lawsuit with the goal of getting financial compensation for your pain, suffering and other expenses you now have as a result of your injury.
A detailed analysis on cases that outlines the importance of compulsory license in India and clear the myths surrounding it.
The FDA has warned that patients taking antibiotic drugs known as fluoroquinolones (or FQ antibiotics) may be at risk of developing a serious type of nerve damage known as peripheral neuropathy. Patients taking FQ antibiotics such as Levaquin, Cipro, Avelox, Noroxin, Floxin, and Factive may be at risk of developing serious and potentially permanent nerve damage in the extremities.
The legal war of Ukraine against Russia was announced in 2014 but in the second half of 2015 took the unwrapped and massive character. On October 21, 2015, Ukraine sent the claim to the World Trade Organization against the Russian Federation, which put forward the issue for the imposition of Russian limitations on the supply of rail cars, switch equipment for railways and other products in the industry, because of which revenues of Ukrainian companies have fallen to 96%. What should we wait?
Introduction: When People You Have a Right to Trust Cheat You Ours is a world of contractual relationships, written and oral. We hire people to help us, and we hire people to act on our behalf. We enter into business associations, like becoming partners and shareholders of partnerships and corporations.
When a consumer uses a product that causes them harm or injury, the manufacturer, retailer or distributor of that product can be held liable if they failed to warn the consumer of the potential for injury.
Former EPA Official: VW Plea Of Ignorance Over Dieselgate Emissions Scandal "Doesn't Pass The Laugh Test"
A former EPA official says that Volkswagen’s claims that executives at the company were unaware of the emissions cheating that led to the Dieselgate scandal “just doesn’t pass the laugh test”. Volkswagen recalled 11 million VW and Audi diesel-powered vehicles worldwide after admitting that it had installed a "defeat device" that hid the high emissions levels of these vehicles from regulators.
More than 200 consumers across 40 states have joined together to file a class action lawsuit against the maker of a popular hair care brand. They are claiming WEN Hair Care products caused them to suffer extreme hair loss and damage to their scalps.
Council Regulation No. 44/2001 contains the rules applicable to enforce a civil or commercial judgement in another European member state. However, Spain, with no bilateral agreements, follows the Hague Convention.
What can non-residents (individuals and legal entities), who have received judgments in their jurisdictions, and such decisions should be enforced in the territory of Ukraine, do?
Six key matters about the Hong Kong Competition Ordinance.
Few things are more important to a business, small or large, than its contracts. Business law, to a large extent, IS contract law. But in business litigation, when parties are often fighting over failed contracts, contract law has a handmaiden, and her name is “Fraud”. Experienced business litigation lawyers know that, when suing for compensation for breach of contract, the addition of fraud claims can make their client’s case much stronger. The following fact scenario will help illustrate:
There are many nuances in the FLSA on which many employers are not well versed, violations of which can lead to very significant penalties. This articles speaks specifically to the FLSA: Bonuses and Calculating Overtime Pay to help employers avoid such penalties.
While it’s true that litigation can be an extremely expensive means of dispute resolution, and that prompt, voluntary settlements are almost always preferable to extended litigation, it is also true, paradoxically, that filing a lawsuit can be the best way to settle a dispute promptly and effectively. This is so for two reasons.
It is never a happy circumstance when a business gets involved in a lawsuit. As most business owners know, even when they have a strong case, litigation will likely be expensive, time-consuming, stressful and uncertain. But it is important to understand that by creating and preserving evidence for your business litigation attorney, you can greatly improve your chances of success and reduce your litigation costs.
Owners of VW, Audi, Porsche "TDI Clean Diesel" Models May Qualify to File a Lawsuit over Emissions Fraud
Volkswagen admitted it fraudulently misled consumers about the emissions of its "TDI Clean Diesel" models through a defeat device that made the cars appear to emit lower levels of greenhouse gases than they actually did. Volkswagen recalled 11 million Volkswagen and Audi models in connection with the Dieselgate emissions cheating scandal. Hundreds of VW, Audi, and Porsche diesel owners have filed lawsuits against the German automaker over the company's lies and the lost value of their vehicles.
What is the correct approach to calculating damages where a breach of contract claim is accompanied by a claim for negligence?
It is common for a contractor in one state to participate on a project in another state. Unfortunately, each state has its own rules and regulations for letting out-of-state contractors work within its borders. For those contractors and subcontractors who are bidding on or working on Georgia projects, there are registration requirements with the Georgia Department of Revenue. This article provides useful information to construction professionals seeking working in Georgia.
Each year, U.S. police departments receive as many as 80,000 reports of sexual abuse against children. However, the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry reports that this number is an underestimate. Many children who are abused are afraid to tell anyone what has happened.
By Loeb Smith
What is a derivative action? A derivative action is one commenced by one or more minority shareholders on behalf of a company of which they are member in respect of loss or damage which that company has suffered. Such a claim can only be brought in certain circumstances and amounts to an exception to the rule that a company, as a separate legal person, should sue and be sued in its own name (often referred to as the rule in Foss v Harbottle (1843), 2 Hare 461; 67 E.R 189).
Issues related to the protection of the rights of brand-name drug patent holders in connection with generic drugs registration by other manufacturers.
A contingency is a designated amount of money that a client agrees to pay a lawyer conditioned – or contingent on – the lawyer providing a favorable outcome of the case. If the lawyer wins a lawsuit or is provided with a settlement, the lawyer receives the agreed upon fee from this award. Special rules may apply when a contingency fee agreement can be entered into and what it involves.
Manipulated emissions test data, irregularities in CO2 emissions: The VW scandal raises a number of questions. In particular, questions regarding accountability and management liability (D&O liability).
Businesses with commercial contracts imposing pre-determined financial or other penalties in the event of a breach may find they are unenforceable, following landmark rulings in two similar cases.
When someone takes possession of an animal, that person can become legally liable for torts caused by the animal. And while most pet owners treat their cats or dogs like their children, in the eyes of the law, they are only property.
Volkswagen owners who have been victims of the diesel engine scandal are giving the option of a Customer Goodwill Package that is questionable.
In the past, contractual dispute resolution provisions were commonly known as ‘midnight’ clauses because commercial lawyers only come to discuss them in the closing stages of contract negotiations. Nowadays, taking into account the complications which may arise from badly drafted arbitration clause, they are better referred to as the 8 o’clock in the morning clauses.
A trust is a mechanism in which one person can transfer ownership of certain properties during his or her life of after death. A trust is subject to the provisions an instructions in the trust document. However, some trust are formed based on the conduct of the parties and their intentions as opposed to the official wording of a trust document. Constructive trust are formed as a remedy to prevent unfair results.
The nature of the relationship between a California general contractor and a subcontractor is legally quite complex. The general contractor awards a sub-contract based upon a bid, or extensive experience with a particular subcontractor. It is not unusual for work to begin on a jobsite under a subcontract prior to any physical agreement being drafted or signed.
Does an imbalance of bargaining power between two commercial parties effect the potential enforceability of the contract? Yes, the Court of Appeal in the UK has said, with major implications for commercial organisations in The Bahamas.
Ukrainian legislation does not establish a clear field of application and the use of electronic documents and e-mails in the business and common activities. Even professional lawyers do not have a clear answer for this question, because of that judges in court consider use of electronic communications (e-mail) as evidence arbitrarily. What do Laws of Ukraine say about electronic documents and e-mails?
Given the most recent very public admission by Charlie Sheen, it might be helpful to explain the legal ramifications. HIV is an STD (a Sexually Transmitted Disease). Herpes, Gonorrhea, HPV (Human Papilloma Virus), Syphilis, and Hepatitis are also all STDs. In California, and in many other states, it is a crime to willfully infect another person with an STD.
Indemnity clauses are commonly incorporated in commercial contracts, and the courts’ approach in interpreting them provides useful clarity for businesses and lawyers. The commercial lawyers at top Bahamas law firm ParrisWhittaker are highly experienced in advising business organisations on commercial contract issues including how terms are to be interpreted.
Taiwanese Ministry of Labor published model rules for Labor Relationship on October 5th, 2015. When an employer would like to protect the business interests and an employee would like to know his/her rights after an employment contract is terminated, this article explains the new model rules which both the employers and the employees should pay attention to.
The duty of good faith in commercial contracts is limited and must accord with business common sense, the courts have ruled.
The rights of shareholders are not limited to rights in a shareholders agreement. Shareholders also have statutory rights including rights as a consequence of suffering unfair prejudice. In such instances a shareholder can bring a litigation petition.
It is important to consider settling a Litigation claim at any stage in the proceedings. Litigation claims can be settled using a Settlement Agreement and you need to determine what terms should be included in the agreement.
Witnesses including parties to the case provide testimony to the court that the judge and jury consider. When witnesses testify to the court, they do so under oath. They also do so under the risk of facing criminal charges if they lie to the court. There are steps that another person can take whether a party or an observer to inform the court of lies.
When an individual dies due to the negligence or wrongful act of another person or a group of people, certain family members of the deceased can recover damages in Pennsylvania courts.
The process of determining liability following a truck accident can be much more complicated than in other accident cases.
Proving your case when it comes to negligence in a defective product can be a tough task.
On 3 June 2015, the development of the tort of harassment in Hong Kong took another turn when the High Court in Lin Man Yuan v Kin Ming Holdings International Ltd and Anor recognized that there is such an action for harassment in Hong Kong.
In the UK prior to issuing a Litigation claim you should follow the relevant Pre-action Protocol. If you issue Litigation proceedings without following the Protocol then your Claim may be suspended pending compliance and/ or there could be an adverse Costs Order.
Volkswagen and Audi ‘Clean Diesel’ Owners See Decline in Vehicle Value Following VW Emissions Recall Scandal
Used sale prices for Volkswagen and Audi "TDI Clean Diesel" models have fallen sharply in the wake of VW's admission that it lied to consumers about the performance and emissions levels of these vehicles. Volkswagen announced that it would recall about 11 million VW and Audi diesel vehicles following the disclosure that the German automaker had installed a "defeat device" on these models in order to hide their high pollution levels.
Providing community association management services to community associations is highly competitive.
In today’s technological world, it is much easier for a client or customer to leave negative feedback about a business after having a bad experience with them. While a lawsuit may be filed by the business to retaliate, the legal grounds for such a claim may not be met depending on the circumstances of the case.
The injuries that a person suffers in a personal injury case are personal by nature. Two individuals who are involved in the same accident and even in the same vehicle may suffer extremely different injuries. Each individual may suffer injuries of a different nature and heal at a different rate. Having a doctor be able to testify about the victim’s injuries and having solid records can help make a personal injury case while not having these aspects of the case can break it.
Volkswagen To Recall 500K VW, Audi Cars in U.S. Over 'Dieselgate' Emissions Scandal After Allegations of Fraud
Volkswagen will recall 11 million VW and Audi "TDI Clean Diesel" vehicles worldwide - including 500,000 in the U.S. - after admitting that it had equipped these vehicles with a "defeat device" that was designed to conceal their high pollution levels. Volkswagen is facing thousands of lawsuits from diesel-powered vehicles owners whose cars have been implicated in the recall.
Many people have experienced this situation: in a hotly contested legal dispute, a witness lies on the stand to help out the other side. As a litigant, this can be one of the most frustrating experiences imaginable, and can literally destroy an otherwise solid case. So, is there any legal recourse against the witness that commits the perjury?
Do you want to decide all dispute resolutions with your opponent without the court hearing? Do you want to find a solution and work with this Company in future?
Sometimes, a situation may arise that calls for parents to modify a custody agreement. However, making modifications to your child custody agreement is not an easy task. If you are the parent seeking the change, you will have to provide the court with substantial proof to support your request. A child custody order is attested by the court, and therefore, isn't easy to change. In some circumstances, the court will consider a petition to modify the custody order.
There are so many contracts entered into everyday by overseas businessmen with China partners. If the contract does not choose jurisdiction and applied laws, China court and related laws are implied. However it is too costly for overseas businessmen to bring lawsuit in China, especially for small amount cases. So it is necessary to get some knowledge on these aspects for overseas businessmen.
As the Volkswagen Emissions Scandal continues, owners of the diesel engine vehicle can take action by filing a class action lawsuit.
Many people have heard the term “industry standard” bandied about during legal discussions, whether in contract negotiations or during lawsuits, but most may not know what this really means. Indeed, many practitioners may be unclear on the meaning and use of “industry standards,” as well.
Employing some 2,000 drivers and packers on the supply end and 1,250 for the company, the supermarket chain was deemed the largest one in Cyprus, once considered too big to fail. Orphanides Public Company Ltd has now been declared insolvent.
British-American trade is worth $214 billion, and is continuing to grow despite challenging economic conditions. Often disputes arise, and as a result very often judgments are issued in US courts where the paying party is a UK based company. Hallmark Solicitors examines here the process and enforceability of US judgements in the UK.
On the 2nd of October 2015 Volkswagen has been discovered from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that many of its diesel cars sold in the USA were fitted with a device that could detect when they were tested, changing their performance accordingly to improve results. The so-called “defeat device” was showing that the cars emit less and hiding the fact that the engines were emitting up to 40 times the of nitrogen oxides (NOx) than standards allow.
Partnership disputes distract business owners from the central focus of their company: profitable operations.
There are four primary steps an attorney or law firm should consider when approaching the resolution of a legal dispute in California.
Construction law in California can be quite complex, and it is important to understand the best strategies for resolving disputes with contractors.
A Satisfaction of Judgment or Release and Satisfaction is a legal document that shows that the plaintiff has been paid all that he or she is owed, based upon the original judgment against the defendant. This legal document is important because it is not revocable; once it is signed and filed with the court, it cannot be changed. Judgment debtors are usually in a hurry to get this type of release so that the civil action stops adversely affecting their credit.
Anyone who owns a diesel-powered, four-cylinder Volkswagen may be contemplating legal action against the carmaker after revelations that the company cheated emissions testing. This has left car buyers stuck with a car they apparently enjoyed driving enough to purchase, but that probably has rapidly declining resale values and is doing much more damage to the environment than they originally believed.
We all know that nobody works for free, and that is especially true of attorneys. Lawsuits can be expensive, but sometimes they are the only way to resolve a dispute. So, when is it worth fighting and when will it cost you more to sue than you would get if you were to win?
Today it is not a secret that the "raider / unlawful seizures" have become the norm and rather the rule of doing business than the exception to the rule, and both domestic enterprises and large foreign investors are suffering from unlawful seizures. What can be attributed to the notion of "raider seizure". Raider seizure - unlawful seizure of real estate, corporate law, intellectual property by other economic entities, physical entities and public authorities.
By Loeb Smith
The Foreign Judgments Reciprocal Enforcement Law (1996 Revision) (the “Law”) allows a judgment creditor to apply for the judgment to be registered in the Grand Court and thereafter is deemed to have the same force and effect as Judgment of the Grand Court. However, at present the Law extends only to the enforcement of Australian Judgments. As a consequence of the limitation of this statutory remedy, most foreign judgments are enforced at common law.
The Internet has allowed people from across the globe to connect, but it has also provided a way for people to surround themselves in mystery by making anonymous posts. However, abusive posters and people who attack the characters of others can be discovered and even sued for comments that they make online.
Losing a lawsuit stinks. Getting slapped with a court judgment will leave you filled with dread and wondering what you can do next. This is especially true if you lack the resources to immediately pay the judgment. So, what can you do after you have been hit with an adverse court ruling?
Diabetes Drug Actos Linked to Bladder, Prostate, and Pancreatic Cancer Risk; Thousands File Lawsuits
The diabetes drug Actos has been linked to an increased risk of bladder cancer. Takeda Pharmaceuticals, the manufacturer of the drug, has agreed to pay a $2.4 billion settlement to resolve lawsuits alleging that the company hid its knowledge about the link between Actos and bladder cancer from patients. Recent studies have also suggested that Actos may be linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer and pancreatic cancer.
Some auto dealerships have developed a bad reputation for committing fraudulent acts or attempting to trick their customers into making purchases that include hidden provisions. Auto dealerships must comply with a number of state and federal laws pertaining to entering into sales contracts with buyers.
Security for costs is the payment of money or other security into court by a plaintiff or plaintiff by counterclaim to cover future costs orders made in favour of a successful defendant.
Through a simple arithmetic error or forgetting to jot down a check that you sent, you may wind up being criminally prosecuted and paying hefty fines. A bad check is one in which there are insufficient funds in order to cover the amount of the check. It can also be because the check is written on an account that no longer exists.
Large-scale security breaches receive massive media attention. Whether a person can be criminally or civilly liable for another’s actions while using their equipment or connection depends on the particular circumstances involved in the case.