Litigation Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide
discussing legal aspects related to Litigation.
Unpaid debt is a sad fact of life: sad for the debtor who will end up with a damaged credit rating and reputation; sadder still for the creditor, who conveyed a product or service of value and gets nothing in return. After diligently seeking remuneration from the debtor, the creditor is sometimes forced to bring the outstanding debt into a California court of law.
It is often said that obtaining a judgment in a California Supreme Court civil case is only half of the process. Once you obtain judgment, you have official proof you won the case and that the defendant owes you money or property. Now you have to collect.
By Donovan & Ho
An oft-repeated business mantra is “be slow to hire and quick to fire”. Unfortunately, what many managers do not realise is that a “quick to fire” approach also carries significant risks, especially in Malaysia, which does not adopt the principle of “at-will” employment. Trigger happy employers may soon find themselves at the wrong end of a lawsuit if they don’t take the appropriate steps and precautions prior to making the decision to terminate an employee.
Five points you should know about breach of trust before you accuse somebody
In both evaluations – winning and execution evaluations- there must be a good channel of coordination between the plaintiff, which is the client, and his lawyer.
First to be explored is the legal nature of the so called “nominee shareholder”. Nominee shareholder is a shareholder of a company holding shares nominally only, that is, only in name. In such a way the identity of the ultimate beneficial owner (“UBO”) of the shares is not disclosed.
Collecting on a judgment even in ideal circumstances can often be a time-consuming and complex process, and that presumes the debtor is solvent, and doing business and/or making money. When the judgment enforcement against a debtor who is a company or legal entity, which appears to be (or is) out of business, the process can be considerably more troublesome and taxing.
The practical effect of indemnity provisions in commercial contracts is dependent upon the detail in their drafting, an important ruling has confirmed.
By STA Law Firm
Understanding the legal implications of maritime collisions under Dubai, Abu Dhabi and broadly under the law of United Arab Emirates.
The recent and ongoing Occupy Central campaign where large number of protestors occupied and obstruct public places and main access roads has caused concerns regarding the law governing such conduct in Hong Kong. The prolonged campaign has led to loss and inconvenience to a significant part of the Hong Kong community including road users, loss of commuting time, increase travel expense and loss of income and business.
In a very recent case, the Georgia Supreme Court upheld the lower courts' decisions to allow a performance bond company (who had to complete a public works project) to sue the State of Georgia for its default.
Security for costs is money that a plaintiff is ordered to provide to the court as a condition of continuing with a claim or execution proceeding, and which will be applied on any costs order that may be made against the plaintiff. It provides a safeguard to the defendant in financial terms so as to ensure that he is not unduly burdened by having to bear his own costs in defending claims by plaintiffs who may be unable or unwilling to pay costs to the defendant when ordered by the court.
Do you have court order from court of your country that you wish to seek recognition of it in Turkey, but you are concerned that it might not be recognized, because it does not contain the grounds on which the decision is built? Well, here is a good news!
The effects of the words like "'May, Can, and Shall Have the Right" in drafting an Arbitration Clause.
By CTM Avvocati
A general overview of the legal steps which are usually followed, under Italian law, in respect of debt collection.
Most people do not anticipate that they will need an attorney and as such do not save for such an expensive need. While many lawyers charge hundreds of dollars per hour for their services, there are a few options available for individuals who are unable to pay for an attorney.
Obviously in litigation, you cannot just lean over the poker table and take a look at their hand, but how do you let someone know that you need to see what they have? You are required to give the party notice that you need to look.
With electronic discovery, remember that you are still bound by the Rules of Professional Conduct in your state. However, some have proposed the EDRM Model Code of Conduct to deal specifically with e-discovery. The Model Code of Conduct (MCoC) sets forth aspirational guidelines intended to serve as a basis for ethical decision making by all participants in the electronic discovery process.
By Law Senate
The appointment of an arbitrator made by a party during the pendency of arbitration petition in court and after the expiry of 30 days from the date of receipt of notice sent by other party seeking appointment of arbitrator.
A few weeks ago, we discussed the criminal consequences of a driving while intoxicated (DWI) charge in Texas. This article covers some of the civil (i.e. non-criminal) consequences that you might face as a result of a DWI charge.
Like expunctions, orders of non-disclosure can prevent the disclosure, from the general public, of the existence of a criminal record.
After a vendor extends credit, it is vital that the vendor continually monitor the debtor for changes in its credit profile in order to minimize the vendor's risk of nonpayment. The following list of 20 early warning indicators, will help you see the risk coming before it happens.
A criminal record can have far-reaching consequences, even if the criminal charges do not result in a conviction. Fortunately, Texas law provides an opportunity for expunction to people who were arrested but their cases were dismissed or they were found not guilty after trial. However, you will not be eligible for an expunction if you were placed on probation, deferred adjudication, or you finished your case by doing jail time.
A default judgment is a judgment that is taken against someone that’s been sued when the person sued (defendant) is served with a lawsuit but ignores the lawsuit, fails to file the proper documents (an Answer) or otherwise make him or herself known to the court.
The American Arbitration Association offers new rules to reduce fees and speed the decision making process for the arbitration of construction claims between $75K and $5M.
Many people are simply not aware of the dangers that defective swimming pool, wading pool, spa and hot tub drains have until it is too late, especially when children are involved
Writers often express their views on blogs or forums. With the advancement of laws, anyone who writes articles, must be cautious of consequences of doing so. This is a Malaysian perspective.
Children fighting over control of their parents’ money sometimes go to court to try to force their parents to undergo capacity assessments. Once a parent is declared incapable, the children can, under the right circumstances, be appointed guardians of their parents’ property.
It is well established law in Hong Kong legal proceedings that a foreign claimant/plaintiff may be ordered to deposit a sum in Court as “security for costs” of a defendant.
Despite all the current geopolitics, trade goes on in Ukraine, but what if you are an exporter and have concerns about repayment?
On 23 May 2014, the Court of First Instance ordered the Hong Kong office of Ernst & Young (“EY”) to produce, certain audit working papers and underlying accounting documents from its Chinese affiliate to the Securities and Futures Commission (“SFC”) pursuant to notices under section 183 of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (“SFO”).
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) rules on arbitration requires arbitration by an institution. Therefore for China based arbitration this usually means arbitration through the China International and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC).
This case illustrates the critical need of a grantor to know the exact extent of his or her ownership interest when conveying an ownership or leasehold interest.
In order to start a debt collection or a civil lawsuit in Italy is necessary to consider the rules contained in Italian "Codice di Procedura Civile" (Codes of Civil Procedure, C.P.C.).
A grading subcontractor was not paid for putting in the roads in a new subdivision; after the construction lender foreclosed upon the project developer, the subcontractor sought payment from the bank. After the trial court awarded the subcontractor its full claim plus attorneys fees, the Georgia Court of Appeals reversed. Some very important lessons for subcontractors and lien claimants are made clear in the ruling.
Zoloft antidepressant drug should be carefully considered by pregnant woman, because of increased risks of birth defects.
By STA Law Firm
“The malpractice is an error occurs due to the unfamiliarity of a practitioner with the technical aspects which each practitioner is assumed to be familiar with, due to negligence or paying insufficient efforts”.
Although percentage-based pay may create desirable incentives from an employer’s standpoint (and eliminate the need to pay employees for down time), this strategy can result in significant potential liability, including possible exposure to class action lawsuits. This may even be turning into a nationwide trend (with salon workers pursuing similar wage and hour claims in New Jersey and New York).
The Ministry of Justice and Public Order, which is the public authority designated as a Central Authority for the purpose of implementation of the Hague Convention of the 5th of October 1961 on the Abolition of the Obligation for Legalization of Foreign Public Documents (enacted in Cyprus through Laws 50/72 and 91/72) (the “Hague Convention”), has recently issued informative guidelines regarding the placement of apostille on Cyprus public documents.
The recent U.S. District Court (Western District of Washington) case of Michael Mechling, et al. v. Holland America Line, Inc., highlights two key factors in determining legal remedies for survivors of nonseafaring individuals who suffer fatal injuries at sea.
In today's cut-and-paste world, even leading contract attorneys make mistakes. If you want to make your contracts easier to read and promote a problem-free project, then consider implementing some of the changes which we have suggested here.
A Texas judge has rejected a motion by Life Partners Holdings, Inc. to toss a class action lawsuit filed by investors who allege they were misled by the life settlements company. Three Life Partners executives were also named in the lawsuit, which alleges that the company fraudulently misrepresented the nature of life settlements that were sold to investors, making them appear more valuable than they actually were.
Last week, the Georgia Court of Appeals rendered a decision which is detrimental to subcontractor who do not thoroughly read and understand their construction contracts. The contract included a provision which made the individual signing the contract on behalf of the subcontract company personally liable for the contract's performance. The court permitted this provision to be enforced against the signatory.
In this article we will take a look at the current climate for free-standing, independently-owned physician surgery centers predominately in New Jersey, but affecting many areas of the country, and why it may be the harbinger for increased litigation to come. We’ll highlight a few of the recurring legal issues which tend to arise and take a look at some of the more common and fertile areas for litigation.
When you agree to say nothing to anyone, say nothing. To anyone.
If you own a business, do business with a business, enter into contracts as a business or for a business, or if your livelihood now and for the foreseeable future depends upon what that thing you’re signing actually says, words matter.
Unlike commercial litigation where litigants spend many years in court for their dispute to be resolve by a Judge, an arbitration proceeding is fast and flexible. The parties agree on the process of resolving their dispute. Arbitration proceedings are confidential and an arbitral award is not subject to appeal. Notwithstanding the advantages of arbitration over litigation, there are many challenges facing Arbitration as a means of resolving commercial disputes in Nigeria.
I rose to shake hands with my client and asked her to sit down. You see, at first I didn’t recognize her. It was only when I glanced down at her hand and saw the ring that I knew it was she. An old and now estranged friend had given it to her.
The deregulation of the telecommunications sector in 2001 led to the issuance of telecom licenses to major telecom providers in Nigeria. Unlike the pre-deregulation era which was characterized by poor services by NITEL, Nigeria’s sole telecom provider, there has been an increase in international trade and investment as a result of the telecommunication revolution. The adverse effect of this is the staggering amounts of interconnect debts in Nigeria’s telecommunication sector.
A practitioner must always be cognizant of the possibility of a defendant's Grand Jury testimony being used at trial. This article explains how it is that this can happen.
Invoices released to business and public entities are now an executive title in Albania.
Particularly, Ukraine, as the successor of the USSR, is the co-signatory of the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (New York, 1958) and the European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration of 1961, and the Law of Ukraine "On International Commercial Arbitration" almost verbatim repetition of the Model Law UNCITRAL "On international Commercial Arbitration" of 1985.
Last month Judge Padovani Grima ordered the Ladybug Corporation to pay the 22 crew members, the sum of €205,694, in lieu of salaries and repatriation expenses, after that the owners had stopped communication with the International Transport Workers’ Federation, refused to take calls and had abandoned the crew and vessel.
A basic insight into the laws of technology and communications in Malaysia.
The payment of the cheque (check in American English) should not be conditional. Whereas, if the payment of the cheque was related to some conditions, and those conditions were not fulfilled, the cheque will still remain due on its date
Cheque (Check in American English) is a replacement for money. It is one of the most common methods to execute payments especially in commercial transactions. Since a cheque is meant to replace money, people must have trust in it. Therefore the UAE penal law levied a punishment against anyone issuing insufficient funds its due date. Such a crime is known as the bounce cheque crime.
Tax cases are document-intensive cases. As any white-collar criminal defense attorney knows all too well, summonses and grand jury subpoenas routinely seek documents. And there is a good reason why. If the government cannot get the requested documents, it often cannot make a case. It is for this reason that the seminal issue in document production cases is whether the taxpayer has a Fifth Amendment privilege with respect to documents that he possesses.
If you were injured in a personal injury accident, you are probably swimming in a sea of questions. What do I do next? Should I file a legal claim? Can I recover compensation? The first step in getting those questions answered – and possibly recovering money damages – is to meet with a personal injury lawyer.
The Council of the EU adopted yesterday the regulation establishing a European Account Preservation Order.
It is common amongst common law jurisdictions to have laws that prescribe the maximum time after an event that legal proceedings based on that event may be instigated. This is called a statute of limitation of actions.
A large portion of the whistleblower lawsuits that are filed are related to the healthcare industry. The government funding of Medicare and Medicaid has lead to the large number of complaints related to healthcare fraud.
Contrary to popular belief, the IRS doesn’t want to throw you in jail. Criminal investigations consume a lot of resources, take time, and are expensive. For most taxpayers, a criminal investigation isn’t a first step, but rather the last step in a lengthy process to get you to resolve your tax debt. In other words, it’s rare that an agent will show up on your doorstep one day with cuffs in hand.
When a federal judge ruled that a voter ID law citing it violated the U.S. Constitution’s guarantee of equal protection, they upheld the rights of all in the face of political motives.
Being served with a lawsuit whether the lawsuit is against you personally or against your business is a stressful thing. While the summons and complaint give you instructions on your deadline to respond to the complaint, those instructions are not complete. This article will help you remain calm when you are served with a lawsuit in Georgia by providing you with more detail on your rights after you have been served.
Azerbaijan is creating its electronic court system. The President of the country issued the respective order (the “Order”) back few months ago . The Order lists the elements of the system. It should include electronic filing, case tracking, notifications, electronic cabinet etc.
By Kassouni Law
A common law system (one where previous court opinions define the meaning of the law) can be very useful. It can also result in some rather bizarre arguments being taken seriously, and even garnering the support of some members of the Supreme Court. Case in point: the plaintiffs position in Schuette v BAMN which the Supreme Court decided this week.
An insight for the unfortunate whose relatives were traveling on MH370.
Testosterone lawsuits continue to rise, with new lawsuits filed against the manufacturers of Testim and AndroGel earlier this month. Just a few years ago testosterone was hyped as some kind of miracle drug for men, but new evidence has come to light indicating at testosterone is linked to increased stroke and heart attack risk and a number of other serious side effects.
Millions of people are injured or killed in personal injury accidents every year. Personal injury claims fall under the umbrella legal discipline of tort law, which establishes liability for negligent or intentional misconduct that result in injuries, deaths, or damages.
By BCH Lawyers
In his “Kiev Arbitration Days” after-dinner speech in November 2012 (“BITS, BATS and BUTS”), Gary Born presented a suggestion that can leave no one indifferent (speech published as “Essay” by Young Arbitration Review, March 2014 Edition). His idea is to take advantage of the legal framework and experiences gained from the world of investment arbitration and bring that framework and those experiences into international commercial arbitration.
Testosterone has been linked to a number of serious side effects, including stroke and heart attack, and now a new study has found that the use of testosterone in certain men may have a negative impact on the brain.
The foreign judgment depending on its nature shall be a subject to different procedures with a view to its enforcement in Poland. In simple terms those judgments in general could be divided into three groups: property related, being a subject to execution by enforcement proceedings, non-property related (e.g., divorce and other judgments in family affairs) and inheritance.
Testosterone lawsuits continue to mount against the makers of various testosterone supplements, and a Judicial Executive Committee was recently created to centralize at least 30 of those lawsuits which allege that testosterone caused heart attacks, strokes, and other injuries. The consolidated cases are pending before U.S. District Judge Matthew F. Kennelly in the Northern District of Illinois.
Mediation as an alternative dispute resolution has been regulated by European Union Directive 2008/52/EC providing the application of mediation for civil and commercial cases in the member states of the European Union ("EU"). In some of the Member States of the EU the mediation is recent and has been regulated short time ago by their national laws and mediation has been enacted by a separate law.
The Texas Debt Collection Act and the Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act prohibit debt collectors from taking certain actions when dealing with alleged debtors. They also provide remedies for people when collectors fail to comply with the statutes. This article is to help you determine whether a debt collector has violated the law and what you can do about it.
If you are one of the millions of temp workers in this country, you may be unsure of your employment rights, including protections against discrimination, eligibility for workers’ compensation benefits, and wage and hour rights. Temporary workers can rest assured: while you may not have the same job security that full-time employees have, you do have a number of employment rights and protections.
Talc-based powders are used by many women as part of their personal hygiene routine and many parents use baby powder on their infants to prevent diaper rash. Despite the popularity of talc-based products, however, they present many dangers to women and children.
The decision on when to settle a family law case is a difficult one. This article suggests that the time in most circumstances to settle is when a settlement offer is within the margin of error.
You could be forgiven for thinking messing around with health care coverage rules was the sole domain of democrats these days, but the new laws which will deeply interfere with the choices a doctor will make and options available for the seriously injured have sprung from the minds of two republican lawmakers.
Testosterone lawsuits are being filed across the United States against drug manufacturers like Eli Lilly and Watson Pharmaceuticals who make prescription testosterone. Men claim to have suffered heart attacks, strokes, and pulmonary embolisms after taking prescription testosterone drugs.
Pursuant to section 4(4) of the Limitation Ordinance (Chapter 347) (“the Ordinance”), there is a time limit of 12 years for creditors to bring an action on a judgment debt from the date on which the judgment became enforceable. After expiration of the 12 years, no such action can be taken.
Prior to the enactment of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 (“Act”) the enforcement of foreign awards were governed by the Arbitration (Protocol and Convention) Act, 1937 and the Foreign Awards (Recognition and Enforcement) Act, 1961 (“1961 Act”). The law on annulment of domestic awards was governed by the Indian Arbitration Act, 1940 (“1940 Act”). The 1961 Act was enacted by the Indian Legislature to implement the New York Convention.
Information on Stryker hip implant recalls and asserting claims in Oregon.
In light of recent data indicating that testosterone is dangerous for many men, Public Citizen – a public advocacy group – is calling on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to require black box warnings about heart attack and stroke risks to be included on the labels of testosterone products.
Many women use talc-based body power as part of their personal hygiene routine, and they may be putting their health at risk as a result. In a recent study, researchers examined data collected from eight separate studies and found that women who regularly use talcum powder in the genital region increase their risk of ovarian cancer by 24 percent.
Accident and injury victims often wonder about their legal rights after an accident. Depending on the circumstances of the accident, the defendant(s) may be liable for money damages in either a personal injury or wrongful death lawsuit. Clients often have a number of questions about the differences between a personal injury lawsuit and a wrongful death lawsuit, and this article explains some of the major similarities and differences.
Piracy is a prevailing problem with no reasonable solution in sight. How safe is your ship or consignment passing through the seas surrounding Malaysia and what laws apply to this region?
Whistleblowers are now able to file certain complaints online. Whistleblower complaints that are overseen by OSHA can be filed online.
Adoption of a new legislation for a better industrial environment in the DRC: bill on the rescue of the industry in danger.
The Nevada State Athletic Commission (NSAC) has banned testosterone-replacement therapy from combat sports, including boxing and mixed martial arts. The decision was made based on evidence that testosterone unnaturally increases the athlete’s competitive abilities and that it is not a necessary medical treatment for many of its users.
The New Companies Act No. 71 of 2008 replaced the old Companies in May 2011. Pursuant to the Amendment of the Old Companies Act, Chapter 6 of the new Companies Act introduces the Business Rescue Procedure (BRP). Business Rescue is a procedure that facilitates the rehabilitation and restructuring of a company that is undergoing financial difficulties. The business rescue procedure aims to maximise the possibility of the business to remain solvent.
This article reviews some of the issues addressed in a standard Owner/Design Professional Agreement, outlines concerns from the Design Professional’s perspective, and discusses how the Design Professional can reduce liability on a project and ensure equitable adjustments to the contract price and schedule for changed or additional design services. The agreement contemplated by this article is one to be used as part of a traditional design-bid-build approach.
The cosmetic and personal hygiene industry is a multi-billion dollar industry. The United States cosmetic industry alone is the largest in the world, with total revenue in excess of $54 billion. Unfortunately, not all cosmetic and personal care products are safe for use and some are even linked to serious medical conditions – yet they remain on store shelves. Some of the most dangerous personal care products on the market today are talc-based products.
Talc is used in a number of cosmetic and personal hygiene products, such as baby powder and feminine body powders. But new evidence and a recent lawsuit suggested that, despite its widespread use, talcum powder could be incredibly dangerous.
The entirely new Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) (“New CO”) will come into force on 3 March 2014. We highlight the New CO’s major changes relating to registration of charges and private limited companies.
Talcum powder – which is commonly referred to as baby powder or body powder – is a widespread cosmetic and personal hygiene product that has a number of uses. Talcum powder is made from a soft mineral called hydrous magnesium silicate, which is crushed, dried, and then milled. Talcum powder works by absorbing moisture and reducing friction, thereby protecting the skin.
The cycle of violence is hard to break. Problems can occur when a child that was abused becomes the caregiver for the parent that did the abusing. Elder abuse can be the result when a child that was abused is forced to take care of a parent later in life.
Legal counsel fees are usually one of the most wishful targets for reduction by industrial clients. However, not all the clients know how effectively reduce legal fees without loosing appropriate level of comfort and quality of legal services. This article sets out available means of reduction legal counsel fees.
By LPA Law Firm
Since May 2012 , the Albania Parliament adopted the law on the establishment and functioning of Administrative Courts in all three levels of the judiciary , including the Administrative College of Supreme Court .
Testosterone therapy is used by a number of men believed to have low testosterone levels. Although low testosterone can cause fatigue, decreased libido, and muscle and bone loss, testosterone is sometimes prescribed unnecessarily – which can lead to serious side effects and medical conditions.