HG.org Legal Resources

Litigation Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Litigation.


The History of Drug Laws in America and the enactment of Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Laws

Drug laws in America were enacted in 125 years ago, as international awareness of the perils of addiction and its health and social costs. Drunk...

From America's First Federal Drug Law to President Richard Nixon's War on Drugs

America's History of Drug Regulation from Teddy Roosevelt to Richard Nixon reveals Misguided Attempts to Prevent Marijuana Usage have resulted...

How President Ronald Reagan helped launch DUI Defense as a Criminal Law Sub-Speciality

How Drunk Driving Defense went from relative obscurity to become a Criminal Law Specialty for Criminal Defense Attorneys in One Decade

Oath before the Saudi Courts

Two types of oaths include the Strict Oath and the Completing Oath.

Talcum Powder Product Liability Cases

  By HG.org
Talcum powder products have been proven in many cases as harmful to both pregnant mothers and babies. The powder has several health concerns...

Cyprus Investment Firms (CIFs): Directors’ Liabilities in Case of an Offense

The Board of Directors of a CIF shall consist of at least two executive Directors and two independent non-executive Directors. The majority of...

Cyprus Court Orders: Freezing, Discovery and Search Orders

Interim injunctions in Cyprus- in simple words an interim injunction is the temporary order given by a court of law which tells someone either...

Brand Protection in Kenya as Relates to Trademarks

The competitive business environment in which many businesses operate requires them to constantly explore new ways to enhance their competitive...

ADR Services that Work Best

Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) forms can be quite helpful for business owners who find themselves ensnared in legal disputes and conflicts...

Adopting a Child from Bangladesh

While Bangladesh does not legally recognize adoption and is not a party to the Hague Convention, the law allows its citizens (at least one...

How Social Media Can Hurt Your Personal Injury Case

Social media has become a cornerstone of communication. Before mentioning your accident online, know how social posts can impact your personal...

Debt Collection in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Poor payment discipline in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a burning problem of a modern society faced by all legal entities, but also individuals....

Ten Steps to Take if You’ve Been the Victim of Identity Theft

Identity theft is running rampant in our country. If you are the victim of identity theft, there are some important steps to take to ensure that...

Arbitration Agreements Including Emergency Relief Provisions

There are many sorts of business disputes where “emergency relief” may be called for. One common example is where trade secrets are stolen,...

What You Should Know Before You Hire a Private Investigator

Most people do not regularly hire private investigators and seeking out a private investigator and selecting the best investigator can sometimes...

Legal Risks All Home Improvement Contractors in New Jersey Must Know

In New Jersey, almost all home improvement contractors fail to follow the numerous requirements imposed upon them by the Consumer Fraud Act and...

Fentanyl, Oxycodone, Methadone, and Other Prescription Painkillers Cause Thousands of Overdoses Each Year

The epidemic of opioid overprescription has led to thousands of cases of abuse, addiction, and overdose each year. Patients who are harmed by...

Mexico Moves Forward with New Anti-Corruption Act

Corruption is a significant risk for companies doing business in Mexico: bribery is widespread, and business registration processes, including...

Civil Partnership versus Marriage in Britain

It is probable that when the British government sanctioned marriage for same sex partners and enshrined the decision in the Marriage (Same Sex...

Proposed Changes to Winding Up to Impact Directors’ Dealings in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Ordinance 2016, which sets out proposed changes to the Companies...

The Opposition System for Trademark Registration in Mexico Comes into Force

The Senate unanimously approved the Industrial Property Law reform proposal (Ley de la Propiedad Industrial) in which the trademark opposition...

What Mediation Can Do for You in Your Family Law Case

Mediation is a fast-growing area that first began changing the face of litigation in Texas in the late 1980's. Along with other forms of...

How to Prepare for Divorce Mediation

Divorce mediation can be long, boring, tiresome, and emotionally draining. It can also be a tremendous relief when a mediated settlement...

Thousands of Talcum Powder Lawsuits Filed Against Johnson & Johnson by Ovarian, Uterine Cancer Victims

Johnson & Johnson faces thousands of lawsuits filed on behalf of women who were diagnosed with ovarian cancer or uterine cancer after using the...

Class Actions in Israel- Overview and Contemporary Trends

The Israeli Class Action Law came into force in 2006, and formally regulates the proceedings applying to class actions in Israel. This type of...

Complaints of Serious Complications With the Use of ESSURE® Likely to Result In Litigation

ESSURE® complications may lead to litigation.

FDA Orders Black Box Warning About Overdose Risks for Patients Taking Opioid Painkillers and Benzodiazepines

The Food and Drug Administration issued a warning that patients taking opioid painkillers together with a class of anti-anxiety medications...

Enforcement and Registration of Judgements in Romania

The court system in Romania is still to many a confusing impenetrable system. In the past the rules and regulations seem to have a mind of their...

The Ship Arrest Concept

According to the provisions of the International Convention on the Arrest of Sea-Going Ships, signed at Brussels 10 May 1952, capture means the...

Sleeping on the Job in Malaysia - Is it Misconduct?

Can you terminate an employee for sleeping on the job?

Formation of a Business Contract in England - Offer, Invitation to Treat and Acceptance

Contracts often become the centre of commercial disputes. The five necessary key components of a legally enforceable contract are offer,...

Rules Regarding Evidence Spoliation

  By HG.org
At civil trials, both parties may present evidence and testimony to prove their side of the story. In many cases, the most effective way to...

California’s “Good Faith Settlement” Law: An Example from a Recent Case

Lawsuits are expensive, as we all know, and as experienced business law litigators, we frequently find ourselves advising our business clients...

Invest in Ukraine: Protection of Foreign Investment

One of the means for protection of foreign investment is the conclusion of international agreements on promotion and protection of investment.

Liabilities in Maritime Law: A case and comparative approach with Ecuador

A comparative analysis which provides the idea on the impact of international conventions and the implementation of different kind of...

You Can Stop Trademark Infringement

You have gone through the painstaking process of starting a business, developing a brand for your business, namely, your business’ trademark,...

Criminal Charges vs. Civil Complaints

  By HG.org
Criminal law and civil law are two different types of law that vary based on their purpose, potential punishments and the process in which cases...

Why Outsource Your Legal Service of Process?

Law firms have increasingly begun to address the explosion of costly high-volume litigation matters by teaming with a dedicated legal...

Are Pennsylvania Judges and Court Administrators Required to Provide Interpreters?

The number of United States residents who are deemed to be Limited English Proficient (LEP) has substantially increased in the recent decades. A...

What Constitutes Insurance Bad Faith in California?

What constitutes insurance “bad faith” in California? What can a policy holder do to hold an insurance company responsible and accountable for...

When Do I Need a Califronia Insurance Coverage Attorney?

Individuals and business interests in San Diego are often denied coverage under valid insurance policies. The first question to be answered...

Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in Turkey under the New York Convention

Although arbitration is considered as a reasonable form of alternative dispute resolution, foreign arbitral awards are subject to an enforcement...

Social Media with a Side of Litigation

As social media continues to become further ingrained in our daily lives, businesses and individuals should consider its potential role in...

Hollywood Defamation Lawsuit Heats Up

Defamation (untrue statements that damage a reputation) is becoming more widespread as a cause of litigation, as the internet makes it...

High Stakes Privacy Breaches – HIPAA Compliance for Law Firms

Since 2013, when the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office for Civil Rights (OCR) issued its Final Rule implementing...

Up in the Air: The Future of TASER Usage in the Fourth Circuit

What should law enforcement officers do if faced with a “non-criminal” mentally ill man being seized for his own protection, [who is] seated on...

Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses : Court Litigation or Arbitration

Arbitration has become an increasingly popular choice for dispute resolution in Hong Kong especially for cross-border disputes involving...

Civil Lawsuits Involving Sexual Abuse

  By HG.org
Sexual abuse occurs through cases reported in the thousands each year. Some are tied together, while some crimes stand alone. Unknown in many...

How to Claim Refunds for Overcharged Import Taxes Due to Surveillance Certificate Requirements in Turkey

Ministry of Economy determines certain minimum thresholds for certain products in order to force the exporters to pay higher taxes on the...

BREXIT, EU & International Arbitration

1. The Legal Instruments Utilized on International Arbitration in the UK: A very important point that needs to be made as an introductory...

Romanian Employment Regulations

Being an employer in any jurisdiction seems to become more complicated as time goes on. I was recently reminded of this when we were advising an...

Go Realtime - Foreign Depositions

Litigation involving foreign witnesses can be challenging. Paralegals will no doubt find that their cases will require the services of both...

Workers' Compensation Files Allegedly Hacked in California

Three of the largest Workers’ Compensation insurance companies in California have been accused of hacking into over 32,000 confidential Workers’...

Loophole from Unlawful Shareholders' Resolution in Thailand

Having gained experience in providing legal advice to private companies and joint-ventures involving a Thai-based partner, it has become...

Breach of Contract Litigation: What Do I Need in a Contract?

  By HG.org
If a party sues for breach of contract, the onus is on that party to prove the validity of a contract. This party has the duty to show that all...

How Does International Law Affect Airplane Crash Liability?

  By HG.org
Tragically, airplane crashes often result in catastrophic losses. Hundreds of people may die in a single incident. Those lucky enough to survive...

Criminal Appeals in Bangladesh: Bail & Suspension of Sentence

As a trial advocate, one of the more common questions that I get asked is regarding bail when a convicted person decides to appeal. What happens...

Anti-SLAPP Motions in Connection with Employment Law Claims

Employers and employees alike should be aware of the not-so-new litigation device known as the anti-SLAPP motion to strike. This motion,...

SEC v. Dawn J. Bennett: From “Financial Myth Busting” To “Busted”

Last fall, the SEC initiated disciplinary proceedings against financial advisor and self-proclaimed “Financial Myth Buster” Dawn Bennett,...

Denial of Entry into the Philippines Must Not Be Arbitrary

While the immigration officers have the prerogative to decline entry of foreigners, they must do so without arbitrariness, that is, the ground...

Georgia Drivers License - DUI Suspension and How to Protect Your Administrative License Suspension Appeal

Georgia Driver License suspension after a DUI arrest in Georgia - After a DUI arrest in Georgia, the Georgia drivers license of virtually every...

What Is It and What Happens in a Class Action?

  By HG.org
Class actions provide a number of benefits to plaintiffs who can band together, usually to take on a big manufacturer or defendant with heavy...

Energy Drinks and Product Liability Claims

  By HG.org
Energy drinks saturate the market from the simple brand names that give energy for hours to the generic that hold mostly caffeine but nothing...

Business Litigation: Swinging a Bigger Stick

Everyone knows that litigation is an expensive distraction from the true mission of any business. Good management, with well drafted contracts...

Protecting Consumer Rights in Bangladesh

Consumer protection is a vital, but often ignored, issue in developing countries, and Bangladesh is no exception. However, in a country like...

Mandatory Mediation to Help Foreign Investment in Bangladesh

In 2012, the Bangladeshi Parliament, feeling the need to enforce mandatory mediation in all civil cases, made an amendment to its Civil...

How to Stop Your Georgia Drivers' License from Getting Suspended

Arrested for DUI? Is your license suspended? Your suspended license MUST be appealed. Georgia requires any Georgia DDS appeal to be filed within...

Commercial Collections Litigation in Maryland

Commercial collections differ from consumer collections in that it works to remedy the past-due accounts in business-to-business deals. Running...

What Does an Employment Lawyer Do?

  By HG.org
Employment lawyers provide a variety of services to employees and employers. Some of the common tasks that lawyers in this practice area help...

Laser Injury Lawsuits against Non-Physicians

  By HG.org
Skin procedures involving lasers have become a routine process for removing hair and reducing wrinkles. These surgeries have become popular to...

Taxotere Chemotherapy Lawsuits Filed for Permanent Hair Loss

Women who suffered permanent hair loss from the chemotherapy drug Taxotere are filing lawsuits against the drug maker.

97 Reasons to Fight a DUI charge; DUI Penalties; DUI Consequences; and Pleading Guilty = 100% Chance of Losing

For the past 30 years, an average of 1.5 million American drivers have been arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or DUI drugs. In...

A DUI arrest in Georgia’s Busiest Municipal Court – Atlanta Municipal Court – DUI Lawyer Atlanta

No criminal court in Georgia processes more driving under the influence cases than the Atlanta Municipal Court. Atlanta DUI lawyer explains how...

Letter of Intent: Is It Enforceable in California?

It often happens, when negotiating business deals, that one or both of the parties wants some assurance that their negotiations are serious and...

US Supreme Court Rejects Implied Consent Blood Test In States That Criminalize DUI Refusal

In Birchfield v. North Dakota, the US Supreme Court addressed the constitutionality of state implied consent laws that criminalize a person's...

Enforcement and Seizure Proceedings in Romania

The Romanian courts do not necessarily operate with the speed and efficiency that may be found in Western Europe or the USA but this should not...

Using a DUI Expert Witness to Defend Impaired Driving Cases

The questionable "science" behind field sobriety test evidence collected by police from unsuspecting citizens detained for suspected driving...

How to Enforce a Foreign Judgment in Georgia (Domestication)

Creditors who have sued (and won), may find that the debtor has moved its business operations or move its assets to another state. When this...

The Effect of Personal Injury Claims on Mental Health

  By HG.org
Personal injury claims are often based on the negligent acts of individuals and how these led someone to be injured as a result of a car...

California Corporations Facing Lawsuit Must Be Represented by an Attorney

  By Kaass Law
If you are an officer, president, or owner of a California corporation and have been served for purposes of a lawsuit or pending legal...

Texas Water Damage Lawsuits Filed on Behalf of Homeowners and Property Owners

Texas homeowners and property owners whose house or land has suffered water damage due to the actions of a neighbor or nearby business may be...

Insys Faces Federal Investigation, Criminal Charges over Fentanyl Spray Subsys

Insys, the company behind the fentanyl sublingual spray Subsys, and former employees at the company face investigations and criminal charges...

SEC Halts Ash Narayan from Defrauding RGT Clients

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced that it obtained a court ordered “freeze” of the assets of three individuals, including...

Copyright Registration – A Prerequisite for Infringement Litigation

Registering copyrights is important in order to provide business owners and authors significant benefits, including statutory damages and...

WARN Act Class Action Lawsuit

A former employee of TMP IPSCO Koppel Tubulars LLC has filed a class action lawsuit, alleging that the tubular producer company unlawfully...

When a Business Relationship Goes Sour

  By HG.org
In the advancing technological age, many business relationships end before their allotted time due to complications or violations in policy....

Legal Steps to Take After a Public Transit Accident

  By HG.org
Many forms of public transport are used each day in various cities around the world. They allow faster travel and easier convenience than cars...

Legal Liability for Train Derailment

  By HG.org
Trains tend to carry many people when transporting individuals to destinations. Though accidents are not very common, a derailment may occur for...

What Happens When You Are Injured at the Gym?

  By HG.org
Many gyms offer participants the ability to become members. Membership usually entails documentation that explains the use and rights of those...

Parties that May Be Liable for Food-Related Illnesses

  By HG.org
Whether going out to eat or eating at home, many individuals are harmed by different types of food. Safety may not be the first thought for many...

Risks of Talc Powder on Mothers

  By HG.org
Talc-based products are often used as a daily regimen to increase the personal hygiene a person possesses. Other uses include sprinkling the...

Sports-Related Injuries and Legal Liability

  By HG.org
While some sports are inherently dangerous, some individuals sustain injuries due to the negligence of others. Legal liability may exist when a...

What happens at a Deposition in a Civil Case?

  By HG.org
A civil case is a claim that typically deals with contracts or business matters. Torts are usually negligent acts that end in damage or harm....

Dangerous Transportation Hazards

  By HG.org
Every day, people are subjected to certain hazards while commuting to and from home, work, school and other locations. These hazards exist on...

Auction Error Ends With $1.5M Tab for Nonbuyer

Maybe it was the speed of the auctioneer’s prattle, the thrill of bids rising in $100,000 increments or the rush to snag a multimillion-dollar...

Plan Bay Area: An Evaluation by California Land Use Lawyers

California land use lawyers have filed suit against the Association of Bay Area Governments in an effort to preserve Californians'...

Sample Workers' Compensation Deposition Questions In Florida

This article lists some sample questions that you may be asked by the opposing counsel in a deposition. The deposition is a legal meeting that...

Statute of Limitations in California: Common Causes of Action

In civil matters, a statute of limitations is a law which places a deadline on the time frame in which a victim may pursue a claim against a...

Damages Available in Personal Injury Claims

  By HG.org
Every year, millions of individuals sustain injuries or are injured in personal injury accidents, including car accidents, medical malpractice...

Risks of Handling Your Own Car Accident Claim

  By HG.org
Every year, more than 2 million individuals are injured in automotive accidents. Some of these individuals choose to handle their car accident...


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