HG.org Legal Resources

Real Estate Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Real Estate.


GbR Can Terminate Tenancy Agreement if There is a Need to Make Personal Use of the Property in Germany

A Gesellschaft bürgerlichen Rechts (GbR) [a type of German partnership constituted under civil law] is able to terminate a tenancy agreement if...

What Is a Partition Action and How Does a Real Estate Lawyer Help?

  By HG.org
Partition actions often come about because the property or land that has been purchased has more than one person’s interest. This could be a...

The Right License: Performing Home Improvement Work in Suffolk County,NY

Most contractors know, or should know, that if they are performing "home improvement" work within Suffolk County then they must have a home...

Common Mistakes in New York Mechanic's Liens

Contractors and suppliers file liens in New York because they didn't get paid. But because liens are statutory creatures, sometimes the most...

What Is Power of Attorney in New Jersey?

Perhaps one of the most vital, and frequently neglected, aspects of personal and estate planning is legal and financial protection, in the event...

Disputing a New York Mechanic's Lien

Mechanic's liens can cause headaches for property owners across the State of New York, especially when they do not know how to challenge the...

Adjacent (Neighboring) Property Construction in New York City

When building in the tight confines of New York City is is often necessary to work with your neighbor to allow the construction to be safely...

Removing the Mystery from Bonding a Mechanic's Lien

When a mechanic's lien is filed in New York the fastest way to remove it is to file a discharge bond. Discharge bonds are often misunderstood...

What Is Due Diligence - A Private Investigator's Perspective

  By HG.org
Due diligence is the reasonable inquiry into a business proposal or through the process of buying or selling something of value. Through this...

How to Terminate Joint Tenancy in New Jersey

What is joint tenancy? It’s a form of joint possession of property. It’s similar to tenancy in common, however, the difference is that joint...

Property Options Australia: "Call" and "Put" Explanation

One of the common alternatives for investors is a stock option.

Expert Witness for Architectural Defect Cases

  By HG.org
Defects are often found in products that are manufactured for consumers once the items have been distributed to retailers in usual...

Getting Paid: Checklist for Mitigating Change Order Risk

If the following occur or you hear the faintest whisper of any of them on the job site, consider the change order process triggered.

Purchasing Property in Germany: Rescinding Purchase Agreement Despite Exclusion of Warranty

Old houses often have quirks that are not immediately noticeable. If the seller of one such property fails to fulfil his obligations to disclose...

Tenant's Guide to Commercial Lease Agreement in Queensland, Australia

If you are looking to rent a house or property, it is important to be appraised about your rights and responsibilities as a tenant. The...

Bulgaria: Costs and Advantages of Business Incorporation

A legal entity in Bulgaria may be used as a suitable vehicle for different purposes, including for outsourcing business development, for real...

Bank Foreclosures in Greece Delayed

SYRIZA won two national elections due to voter appreciation of its strong, anti-memorandum rhetoric. Support from ANEL and slogans such as...

Options for Dealing with Residential Real Estate in Divorce

In many divorces, the biggest single assets are the retirement funds and the residential real estate. Sometimes, the only issue preventing an...

Actionable Misrepresentation, Contractual Estoppel, and the Unobstructed Sea View in Hong Kong

Hong Kong has one of the most expensive housing markets in the world. If you are an owner of a property enjoying an unobstructed sea view, you...

Inheritance Procedure in Romania for UK citizens

Inheritance and succession issues in relation to UK citizens with assets in Romania are one of the areas about which we are being asked more and...

Severe Weather Incidents in Texas Spur Record Insurance Claims by Home and Property Owners

The state of Texas experiences more instances of high winds, hail storms, tornadoes, flooding, and other extreme weather events than any other...

FIDIC Contracts in Egypt

The term FIDIC stands for the International Federation of Consulting Engineers, FIDIC was established in 1913, headquartered in Genève, and is...

Cypriot Citizenship by Investment Revised Scheme, Approved by the Cabinet Early September 2016

The main goal of the revised scheme is a further encouragement of Immediate Foreign Investments.

The Legal Do's and Don'ts of Property Purchase in UAE

The conventional wisdom about the UAE is that it was built on oil first and property second. The country's most populous city Dubai is a living...

Possible to Withdraw from Brokerage Contracts Concluded By Email in Germany

It has since become common for contracts with real estate brokers to be concluded online or by email. It is possible to withdraw from these...

Contractor Infringes an Architect’s Copyright in The Netherlands

It is not unusual that a contractor is declared bankrupt during a construction project. Most of the time, the project is continued by another...

Cyprus Property Transfer Fees and Immovable Property Tax Reduction

The law reducing the Cyprus Property Transfer Fees for transfers applies only to the first sale of a property and it abolishes or reduces...

Boost for Consumers Withdrawing from Loans in Germany

Guidance on the right of withdrawal featuring the footnote “Nicht für Fernabsatzgeschäfte” (not for long-distance transactions) is ineffective....

10 Things Landlords Need to Include in a Rental Agreement

If you are new to leasing investment property to tenants, you need to be sure that your rental agreement covers all the bases so you can protect...

Commercial Law of Tenancy and Lease in Germany: Significant Changes Require Written Form

Proper written form should always be observed when it comes to commercial tenancy and lease agreements. Oral agreements may not be effective in...

The Legal Impact of Brexit on the Real Estate Investments of UK Nationals in Bulgaria

Many UK nationals have purchased in Bulgaria an apartment, a house with land or simply a piece of land in the mountains or near the seaside to...

Guarding Against Personal Liability for Rental Property Owners in California

Big rewards can be reaped by owning investment properties, but so too can big risks. One common threat real estate investors wish to avoid is...

Non Israelis – 10 Essential Tips When Purchasing Residential Property in Israel

Purchasing a residential property is generally one of the most profound, expensive and important decisions you make in your life. Even more so...

Withdrawal in Germany: Save Several Thousand Euros at the Last Minute

Consumers could potentially save several thousand euros at the last minute by withdrawing from their loans. However, the withdrawal period is...

Buying a Home? Four Tips to Consider

Buying a home is a huge investment. It can be an excellent investment – but without proper planning and foresight, it can also turn into a...

Still Possible to Withdraw from Loans in Germany after June 21

It is still possible to withdraw from a large number of real estate loans. The end of the withdrawal period only concerns loans that were...

Buying Property in Queensland - What Does a Conveyancer Do?

Deciding to purchase a property is a critical decision. Once you decide to go ahead and make a real estate transaction, you will have to follow...

Final Stretch for Loan Withdrawal in Germany

Those who still want to withdraw from real estate loans concluded between 2002 and 2010 should take action now while the right of withdrawal is...

How to Choose the Best Tenants and Avoid Fair Housing Complaints in Florida

The Florida Fair Housing Act and federal law prohibit landlords from discriminating against tenants based on a number of factors, including...

California's Real Estate Transfer Disclosure Statement

If you are selling or leasing your home, you must comply with the Real Estate Transfer Disclosure Law. That law requires that sellers provide...

3 Ways a Florida Real Estate Attorney Can Help Property Buyers & Sellers

Buying or selling property is usually the biggest financial transaction in anyone’s life. It can have a ripple effect on your finances for...

Estate Includes Property in Germany: No Exemption from Inheritance Tax in the Event of Demolition

Properties in an estate can often become a problem, not only because this might lead to disputes in cases involving multiple heirs, but also in...

The Paperwork of Building Permit in Ukraine: Recent Developments

In the course of the business activity deregulation at compliance with the requirements of the Law of Ukraine No. 222-VIII «On Licensing of...

Withdraw from Loans, Reduce Interest Burden in Germany

Playing the get-out-of-jail-free card and withdrawing from expensive real estate loans is still possible until June 21 without consumers having...

How to Prevent Real Estate Title Issues in Florida

Whether you are selling or buying a home, the last thing you want to encounter are problems with the real estate title. Unfortunately, the...

If a Fire Hydrant is Not to Code, Can it be Moved?

  By HG.org
Fire hydrants are critical to containing a fire once it breaks out. They are available within cities to extinguish consuming flames that have...

Can Property Management Force a Tenant to Replenish Reserve Funds?

  By HG.org
Property management has various funds to disperse to different areas that need repair or alteration. Some funds are reserved for emergencies,...

Withdrawal Worthwhile Both in the Case of Outstanding and Repaid Loans in Germany

Withdrawal can prove to be an extremely attractive proposition from a financial perspective, even for consumers whose loans have already been...

Important Factors of Greenfield Investments in Hungary

In a classical sense, a “greenfield investment” is the construction of a new industrial unit in a territory previously used as agricultural area.

Do I Need a Real Estate Lawyer To Close a Sale of Residential Property in Florida?

In the State of Florida, it is not mandatory for the buyer or the seller to hire a real estate attorney for the closing of the sale of...

Commercial Lease Negotiation Tips for Entrepreneurs

Getting the right space to house your new business is essential, but you need to get it on the right terms to ensure your business is in a prime...

Property Purchase Taxes and Fiscal Benefits in Italy – Purchase of a Luxury Home

  By Torrente
When you purchase a property in Italy, you need to be aware of the amount of taxes you will be required to pay, and at that stage you need to be...

Using a Quitclaim Deed to Transfer Property

A quitclaim deed is used to transfer a property owner’s interest in the property to another person without any warranties or guarantees as to...

Real Estate Acquisition by Foreign Real Persons and Foreign Companies in Turkey

Investment in real estate has always been one of the favorite choices for investors. According to Knight Frank Global Price Index Q4 2015 and Q1...

Contingencies that Homebuyers Should Include in a Purchase Contract in Florida

Contingencies in real estate purchase contracts specify conditions that must be met before closing can take place. Some of the standard...

How to Minimize Risk When Leasing Investment Property to Renters in Florida

Successful real estate investors know that to protect your investment, you not only need to have the proper insurance for your property, but you...

How to Fight a Post-Foreclosure Deficiency Judgment in Florida

Even with the national economy and housing market on the upswing, Florida continues to have one of the highest rates of foreclosure in the U.S.

Distressed Homeowners: Know Your Rights Under the Florida Fair Foreclosure Act

Florida was among the hardest hit states in the national housing crisis, and state courts are still dealing with the flood of foreclosures...

Property Purchase: Investments in Italian houses

Chinese attracted by investments in Italian houses: In the last few years Chinese people have been attracted by investments in Italian houses....

In Italy, the Luxury Market Speaks Chinese

Beijing has recently held the twelfth edition of the Luxury property showcase, Real Estate Luxury Fair, promoted by the Ferretti group and Bank...

Enhanced Life Estate Deeds in Florida

Enhanced life estate deeds, commonly known as “Lady Bird Deeds” provide a legal mechanism for property to pass automatically to a person or...

Ways to Stop Foreclosure

  By HG.org
There are several ways that homeowners can help guard against foreclosure so that they can keep their homes and avoid the negative consequences...

Countdown for Loan Withdrawal in Germany: Take Action by June 21 Deadline

The countdown is on for withdrawing from real estate loans. The deadline for withdrawing from legacy contracts is June 21, 2016. After this...

Withdraw from Loans in Due Course and Benefit from Low Interim Interest in Germany

It is often possible to save several thousand euros by withdrawing from a real estate loan. Having said that, this so-called “ewiges...

How to Enforce a Foreign Judgment in Georgia (Domestication)

Creditors who have sued (and won), may find that the debtor has moved its business operations or move its assets to another state. When this...

Urban Development Boundary

For the majority of cities and places, development is a good thing. Not only is it often a sign of economic growth, it can also mean additional...

Texas Water Damage Lawsuits Filed on Behalf of Homeowners and Property Owners

Texas homeowners and property owners whose house or land has suffered water damage due to the actions of a neighbor or nearby business may be...

Plan Bay Area: An Evaluation by California Land Use Lawyers

California land use lawyers have filed suit against the Association of Bay Area Governments in an effort to preserve Californians'...

How to Fight a California HOA (Homeowner Association) Architectural Committee and Win

While the Board of a Homeowner Association (HOA) in California has wide discretion to act on behalf of its members through its architectural,...

How Can I Evict a Tenant in Florida?

  By HG.org
Tenants who do not pay rent in time or otherwise violate the rental agreement that they have with the landlord may be subject to eviction....

Can My Landlord Change a Long-Term Lease Agreement or Stop Making Repairs in Florida?

  By HG.org
Many of the landlord responsibilities may be laid out in a lease agreement. Absent an agreement or a provision on the matter, Florida law and...

What Can I Do If My Tenants Are Damaging My Property in Florida?

  By HG.org
Landlords are not required to let their tenants destroy their property. They may take legal action according to local rules and the lease...

Benefits of a Florida Land Trust

A Florida land trust is a legal agreement under which the title of real property is vested to a trustee. The beneficiaries of the trust direct...

Buying Property in Berlin, Germany

For the past decade cities such as Berlin, Leipzig, Munich and Bremen became and remain the focal point of interest of foreign investors who in...

Wisconsin Homebuyers: What You Need To Know About Contingencies

In real estate, a contingency is a condition included in a home purchase agreement, that must be completed before a deal can actually be...

Why You Need a Real Estate Lawyer When You Buy or Sell a House

Whether you are buying or selling a home, your team of expert advisers should include a real estate closing attorney. Real estate closings are...

Using Power of Attorney for a New York Real Estate Closing

If you are unable to attend a real estate closing and sign the necessary documents you can have your attorney prepare a power of attorney for...

What Can I Do About a Noisy School?

  By HG.org
Almost every private housing area as well as public ones prohibits undue, avoidable and excessive noise. For laws and ordinances that stipulate...

The Art of Constructon Contract Drafting

A well-written contract is more than a fill-in-the-blank form. It's unique, it reflects your business principles, and it reflects your values....

How to Buy a Property in Italy

Popular questions concerning buying a property in Italy.

Construction Contracts in Iran’s Body of Law: Post-Sanctions Strategy

Although there are several similarities between construction law in Iran and other countries, it has its own rules and regulations which are...

Freehold v Leasehold in Thailand

A look at some of the issues with leasehold ownership in Thailand.

Declaring and Re-Declaring of Bulgarian Properties in the Local Municipality

Importance of declaring both of the spouses in the property declaration.

Dealing with Real Property after a Divorce

  By HG.org
For many couples, real property represents the most valuable and expensive asset that they own. Since the couple will no longer be living...

Rights of California Renters when the Property Is Sold

  By HG.org
In some situations, California landlords decide to rent out their properties until they are able to find a buyer. When a unit is sold that is...

Notices of Intent to Lien Property in Georgia

Some states require that potential lien claimants serve a Notice of Intent to Lien on of the real estate where the lien will be placed prior to...

Massachusetts Law on Failing to Disclose Defects of Residential Properties

  By HG.org
In Massachusetts, sellers of property have certain duties. One such duty is to disclose certain defects of the property. If the seller fails to...

Property Purchase in Italy

The Italian real estate market has grown rapidly and is predicted to become one of the most attractive to European investors. Our lawyers...

Easements and the Creation of Rights to Another Person’s Property

  By HG.org
When a person owns land, he or she may assume that he or she is the sole owner of all of the land and can restrict others' use of the land....

Real Estate Purchase by Foreigners in Turkey

The procedure and regulation concerning foreigners' acquisition of real estate in Turkey.

The Independent Status of Car Parking Spaces in Bulgaria

The Independent Status of Car Parking Spaces in Accordance with the New Amending Bill to the Urban Planning and Development Act.

What Can I do About a Late Contractor?

  By HG.org
When a person hires someone else to provide goods or services to him or her, the terms of the contract dictate when the work is to be performed...

Foreigners Married to Thais: Beware of Thai Condo Laws

A practical look at a complication non-resident foreigners married to Thais may face when purchasing a condominium in Thailand.

Can You Recover from Bankruptcy and Foreclosure

Former homeowners who have been foreclosed on have to go through an entire year of loss after loss. First, they lose their home and have to...

A Guide For California Real Estate Investors

Real estate investors are prevalent in the California real estate market, and they have driven the values for the past few years. What, then,...

Forming an LLC to Purchase Real Estate

Limited liability companies (“LLCs”) are the entity of choice for most transactions involving the purchase and/or development of real estate....

Professional Liability for Real Estate Agents in Ontario, Canada

Lawsuits against real estate agents may be based on a number of different claims. Such claims may include allegations of misrepresentation,...

How Titling Real Estate Correctly Gives You Options for Passing it On

When making a real estate purchase — whether it’s home or an office building — many people don’t give much thought to how the property should be...

Title Search Report in Egypt

The title search report is considered one of the most important documents to be obtained by the buyer prior to buying a property as it provides...

Avoiding Foreclosure and Eviction without an Attorney in California

Foreclosure is a scary, cumbersome process that often renders homeowners desperate for help, and all too often they call upon unqualified, or...


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