HG.org Legal Resources

Real Estate Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Real Estate.


If a Fire Hydrant is Not to Code, Can it be Moved?

  By HG.org
Fire hydrants are critical to containing a fire once it breaks out. They are available within cities to extinguish consuming flames that have...

Can Property Management Force a Tenant to Replenish Reserve Funds?

  By HG.org
Property management has various funds to disperse to different areas that need repair or alteration. Some funds are reserved for emergencies,...

Withdrawal Worthwhile Both in the Case of Outstanding and Repaid Loans in Germany

Withdrawal can prove to be an extremely attractive proposition from a financial perspective, even for consumers whose loans have already been...

Do I Need a Real Estate Lawyer To Close a Sale of Residential Property in Florida?

In the State of Florida, it is not mandatory for the buyer or the seller to hire a real estate attorney for the closing of the sale of...

Important Factors of Greenfield Investments in Hungary

In a classical sense, a “greenfield investment” is the construction of a new industrial unit in a territory previously used as agricultural area.

Commercial Lease Negotiation Tips for Entrepreneurs

Getting the right space to house your new business is essential, but you need to get it on the right terms to ensure your business is in a prime...

Property Purchase Taxes and Fiscal Benefits in Italy – Purchase of a Luxury Home

  By Torrente
When you purchase a property in Italy, you need to be aware of the amount of taxes you will be required to pay, and at that stage you need to be...

Using a Quitclaim Deed to Transfer Property

A quitclaim deed is used to transfer a property owner’s interest in the property to another person without any warranties or guarantees as to...

Real Estate Acquisition by Foreign Real Persons and Foreign Companies in Turkey

Investment in real estate has always been one of the favorite choices for investors. According to Knight Frank Global Price Index Q4 2015 and Q1...

Contingencies that Homebuyers Should Include in a Purchase Contract in Florida

Contingencies in real estate purchase contracts specify conditions that must be met before closing can take place. Some of the standard...

How to Minimize Risk When Leasing Investment Property to Renters in Florida

Successful real estate investors know that to protect your investment, you not only need to have the proper insurance for your property, but you...

Distressed Homeowners: Know Your Rights Under the Florida Fair Foreclosure Act

Florida was among the hardest hit states in the national housing crisis, and state courts are still dealing with the flood of foreclosures...

How to Fight a Post-Foreclosure Deficiency Judgment in Florida

Even with the national economy and housing market on the upswing, Florida continues to have one of the highest rates of foreclosure in the U.S.

Property Purchase: Investments in Italian houses

Chinese attracted by investments in Italian houses: In the last few years Chinese people have been attracted by investments in Italian houses....

In Italy, the Luxury Market Speaks Chinese

Beijing has recently held the twelfth edition of the Luxury property showcase, Real Estate Luxury Fair, promoted by the Ferretti group and Bank...

Enhanced Life Estate Deeds in Florida

Enhanced life estate deeds, commonly known as “Lady Bird Deeds” provide a legal mechanism for property to pass automatically to a person or...

Ways to Stop Foreclosure

  By HG.org
There are several ways that homeowners can help guard against foreclosure so that they can keep their homes and avoid the negative consequences...

Countdown for Loan Withdrawal in Germany: Take Action by June 21 Deadline

The countdown is on for withdrawing from real estate loans. The deadline for withdrawing from legacy contracts is June 21, 2016. After this...

Withdraw from Loans in Due Course and Benefit from Low Interim Interest in Germany

It is often possible to save several thousand euros by withdrawing from a real estate loan. Having said that, this so-called “ewiges...

How to Enforce a Foreign Judgment in Georgia (Domestication)

Creditors who have sued (and won), may find that the debtor has moved its business operations or move its assets to another state. When this...

Urban Development Boundary

For the majority of cities and places, development is a good thing. Not only is it often a sign of economic growth, it can also mean additional...

Texas Water Damage Lawsuits Filed on Behalf of Homeowners and Property Owners

Texas homeowners and property owners whose house or land has suffered water damage due to the actions of a neighbor or nearby business may be...

Plan Bay Area: An Evaluation by California Land Use Lawyers

California land use lawyers have filed suit against the Association of Bay Area Governments in an effort to preserve Californians'...

How to Fight a California HOA (Homeowner Association) Architectural Committee and Win

While the Board of a Homeowner Association (HOA) in California has wide discretion to act on behalf of its members through its architectural,...

How Can I Evict a Tenant in Florida?

  By HG.org
Tenants who do not pay rent in time or otherwise violate the rental agreement that they have with the landlord may be subject to eviction....

Can My Landlord Change a Long-Term Lease Agreement or Stop Making Repairs in Florida?

  By HG.org
Many of the landlord responsibilities may be laid out in a lease agreement. Absent an agreement or a provision on the matter, Florida law and...

What Can I Do If My Tenants Are Damaging My Property in Florida?

  By HG.org
Landlords are not required to let their tenants destroy their property. They may take legal action according to local rules and the lease...

Benefits of a Florida Land Trust

A Florida land trust is a legal agreement under which the title of real property is vested to a trustee. The beneficiaries of the trust direct...

Buying Property in Berlin, Germany

For the past decade cities such as Berlin, Leipzig, Munich and Bremen became and remain the focal point of interest of foreign investors who in...

Wisconsin Homebuyers: What You Need To Know About Contingencies

In real estate, a contingency is a condition included in a home purchase agreement, that must be completed before a deal can actually be...

Why You Need a Real Estate Lawyer When You Buy or Sell a House

Whether you are buying or selling a home, your team of expert advisers should include a real estate closing attorney. Real estate closings are...

Using Power of Attorney for a New York Real Estate Closing

If you are unable to attend a real estate closing and sign the necessary documents you can have your attorney prepare a power of attorney for...

What Can I Do About a Noisy School?

  By HG.org
Almost every private housing area as well as public ones prohibits undue, avoidable and excessive noise. For laws and ordinances that stipulate...

The Art of Constructon Contract Drafting

A well-written contract is more than a fill-in-the-blank form. It's unique, it reflects your business principles, and it reflects your values....

Construction Contracts in Iran’s Body of Law: Post-Sanctions Strategy

Although there are several similarities between construction law in Iran and other countries, it has its own rules and regulations which are...

How to Buy a Property in Italy

Popular questions concerning buying a property in Italy.

Freehold v Leasehold in Thailand

A look at some of the issues with leasehold ownership in Thailand.

Declaring and Re-Declaring of Bulgarian Properties in the Local Municipality

Importance of declaring both of the spouses in the property declaration.

Dealing with Real Property after a Divorce

  By HG.org
For many couples, real property represents the most valuable and expensive asset that they own. Since the couple will no longer be living...

Rights of California Renters when the Property Is Sold

  By HG.org
In some situations, California landlords decide to rent out their properties until they are able to find a buyer. When a unit is sold that is...

Notices of Intent to Lien Property in Georgia

Some states require that potential lien claimants serve a Notice of Intent to Lien on of the real estate where the lien will be placed prior to...

Massachusetts Law on Failing to Disclose Defects of Residential Properties

  By HG.org
In Massachusetts, sellers of property have certain duties. One such duty is to disclose certain defects of the property. If the seller fails to...

Property Purchase in Italy

The Italian real estate market has grown rapidly and is predicted to become one of the most attractive to European investors. Our lawyers...

Easements and the Creation of Rights to Another Person’s Property

  By HG.org
When a person owns land, he or she may assume that he or she is the sole owner of all of the land and can restrict others' use of the land....

Real Estate Purchase by Foreigners in Turkey

The procedure and regulation concerning foreigners' acquisition of real estate in Turkey.

The Independent Status of Car Parking Spaces in Bulgaria

The Independent Status of Car Parking Spaces in Accordance with the New Amending Bill to the Urban Planning and Development Act.

What Can I do About a Late Contractor?

  By HG.org
When a person hires someone else to provide goods or services to him or her, the terms of the contract dictate when the work is to be performed...

Foreigners Married to Thais: Beware of Thai Condo Laws

A practical look at a complication non-resident foreigners married to Thais may face when purchasing a condominium in Thailand.

Can You Recover from Bankruptcy and Foreclosure

Former homeowners who have been foreclosed on have to go through an entire year of loss after loss. First, they lose their home and have to...

A Guide For California Real Estate Investors

Real estate investors are prevalent in the California real estate market, and they have driven the values for the past few years. What, then,...

Forming an LLC to Purchase Real Estate

Limited liability companies (“LLCs”) are the entity of choice for most transactions involving the purchase and/or development of real estate....

Professional Liability for Real Estate Agents in Ontario, Canada

Lawsuits against real estate agents may be based on a number of different claims. Such claims may include allegations of misrepresentation,...

How Titling Real Estate Correctly Gives You Options for Passing it On

When making a real estate purchase — whether it’s home or an office building — many people don’t give much thought to how the property should be...

Title Search Report in Egypt

The title search report is considered one of the most important documents to be obtained by the buyer prior to buying a property as it provides...

Avoiding Foreclosure and Eviction without an Attorney in California

Foreclosure is a scary, cumbersome process that often renders homeowners desperate for help, and all too often they call upon unqualified, or...

Discharging a Mechanic’s Lien

What happens when a construction company or a contractor put's a lien on your property for unpaid services? What if the lien is invalid? Do you...

Notice of Assignment of Mortgage before Suit Is Not a Defense to Foreclosure in Florida

Recently foreclosure defense attorneys have argued that FL Stat. 559.715 is a condition precedent to foreclosure and a defense to foreclosure....

Basics of the Right of Superficies in Thailand

The right of superficies is found in Sections 1410 to 1416 of the Civil and Commercial Code. It is a right in land granted by the owner to the...

Georgia's Registration Process for Out-of-State Contractors

It is common for a contractor in one state to participate on a project in another state. Unfortunately, each state has its own rules and...

What Foreign Nationals Need to Know about Buying Florida Real Estate

Florida real estate has always been attractive to foreign buyers, even before the housing crash that depressed prices for both residential and...

Pros and Cons of Forming an LLC for Real Estate Investments

Forming a limited liability company (LLC) for real estate investments has been a common practice in Florida for more than 30 years because an...

Ukrainian realtors, who we trust our money?

Protection of owners rights is important for every country. In Ukraine, there are not a lot of effective methods how to keep your rights. Often...

Buying Real Estate Property in Spain

Buying real estate property in Spain is not really different from buying in other European countries. In this article we will explain the basic...

Usufructs Under Thai Law

The usufruct is a “real right” or interest in property that originates in Roman law and generally grants one person beneficial rights in the...

What Florida HOAs Need to Know About the Marketable Record Title Act

Enacted 52 years ago, the Florida Marketable Record Title Act (“MRTA”) is a statute many homeowners associations remain blissfully unaware of —...

Claims Against Real Estate Agents

  By HG.org
Real estate agents occupy a position of trust. Quite often, they are involved in transactions that represent the largest monetary value that...

Disputes Between a California General Contractor and a Subcontractor

The nature of the relationship between a California general contractor and a subcontractor is legally quite complex. The general contractor...

What Is a Constructive Trust?

  By HG.org
A trust is a mechanism in which one person can transfer ownership of certain properties during his or her life of after death. A trust is...

Transfer Real Estate Without Probate With a Lady Bird Deed

A Florida Enhanced Life Estate Deed — also known as the “Lady Bird Deed” because President Lyndon Johnson used one to pass property to his wife,...

What Florida HOAs Need to Know About the Marketable Record Title Act

Enacted 52 years ago, the Florida Marketable Record Title Act (“MRTA”) is a statute many homeowners associations remain blissfully unaware of —...

Landlord's Duty to Repair

  By HG.org
A tenant’s basic duty is to pay rent in a timely manner and to maintain the property up to a certain standard. Landlords also have certain...

Can I Get My Belongings from Someone Else's Home?

  By HG.org
There are many situations in which your property may be in the possession of another person. You may have visited someone overnight and left...

Investing in Real Estate in the DR Congo: Ownership, Rights and Usage of the Land

Real estate market in the Democratic Republic of Congo [DRC] is vast, especially for urban centres, like Kinshasa, Lubumbashi, Kisangani, Goma,...

Do I Need a Real Estate Lawyer to Purchase a Home?

  By HG.org
In most cases, a person is not legally required to hire a real estate lawyer before purchasing real property. However, real estate lawyers...

How to Evict a Tenant in Thailand

Evicting a Tenant in Thailand is not a simple matter. Leases are generally treated as a contract. There are procedures that need to be followed...

Can Storage Companies Remove My Belongings?

  By HG.org
When a person has more belongings than he or she can comfortably store in a home, he or she may take extra belongings to an off-site storage...

How to Get Out of a Timeshare

  By HG.org
Many have fallen prey to the allure of a timeshare. The prices sound unbeatable, the amenities look amazing, and the idea of owning a piece of...

Resolving Disputes with Contractors in California

Construction law in California can be quite complex, and it is important to understand the best strategies for resolving disputes with...

The Acquisition of Property in Spain by Non-Resident Foreigners

More and more non-resident foreign nationals, attracted by the good economic climate, decide to buy a property in Spain. The drop in real estate...

4 Things Self-Managing Owners with Hawaii Vacation Rental Properties Should Do to Comply with New Law

Hawaii amended its Transient Accommodations Tax Law in July 2015. Effective January 1, 2016, vacation rental properties in Hawaii are subject to...

Homeowners Association Disputes

  By HG.org
Homeowners associations are common in many areas and various types of development. The homeowners association, or “HOA,” is the governing body...

Neighbor’s Right to Build

  By HG.org
When purchasing real estate, many people look to their views to determine if they want to purchase the property. Better views often translate to...

When Guests Overstay Their Welcome, How Can You Get Them Out of Your Apartment?

  By HG.org
It happens to most of us at some point or another: a house guest comes to stay for a while, but ends up freeloading far longer than expected....

Regulation of Property Rights under the New Argentinean Civil and Commercial Code

On August 1, 2015, the new Civil and Commercial Code (hereinafter the “new Code”) will enter into force in Argentina. Chapter 4 of this new Code...

What Can I do if my Neighbor is Causing Water Damage to My Property?

  By HG.org
Neighbor disputes can crop up due to a number of issues, but water damage issues due to the landscape of a neighbor’s property or...

Legal Aspects of Real Estate Purchase of Foreign-Capital Companies in Turkey

Due to Turkey’s rapidly financial growth and increasing population, real estate market has been developing for last five years.

Turkish Zoning Law

A country shall have regular human settlements and certain bordered zones, in order to provide a healthy environment and create feasible...

Real Estate Market in Turkey

No doubt the global economic recession and crisis have affected the European and US real estate markets. On the other hand, the real estate...

What Can I Do If I Am Illegally Kept Out of My Apartment?

  By HG.org
Question: I got evicted from my place without any notice. They threw away all my things – including my furniture and children’s items - without...

Wrongful Evictions

  By HG.org
Landlord/tenant law is extremely geographic-specific. Both state and city laws affect the legal rights and responsibilities of landlords and...

New Amendments to Investment Law No. 8 in Egypt

Egypt in its accelerated movement towards economic reform has been emphasizing the importance of real estate development projects and large...

Homeowner Associations Be Aware And Wary Of The Marketable Record Title Act

Under current Florida law, there is a trap that can result in the expiration of the covenants for the community. Under the Marketable Record...

Recent Legal Amendments on Real Estate Acquisitions by Foreigners in Turkey

Some significant amendments for real-estate acquisitions by foreigners introduced by a new Law. The most notable amendment in the Law is...

How to Protect and Save Assets that Remained in Crimea

As a result of the illegal annexation of the Crimea by the Russian Federation, many owners of the property and assets in the Crimea have gotten...

Failure to Disclose in California Real Estate Transactions

California places heavy legal responsibilities on the seller in a real estate transaction to provide “meaningful disclosures” about the property...

Property Easements

An introduction to the different types of property easements, how to determine their location on a parcel of land, and what is required of the...

Registration of Immovable Property in Albania

In accordance with law no. 33/2012 “On the Registration of Immovable Property” immovable property should be registered in the immovable property...

Property Investors in Dubai may Withhold Payment of Due Installments

A property investor in Dubai may withhold payment of due installments whilst the developer is in breach of his contractual obligations.

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Joint Tenancy?

  By HG.org
Joint tenancy is one type of concurrent ownership in which two or more individuals own the property simultaneously. Joint tenancy provides a...

How Is a Tenancy in Common Severed?

  By HG.org
Tenancy in common is one form of concurrent ownership in which multiple people own the same piece of property. It contains several unique...


Find a Lawyer

Find a Local Lawyer