HG.org Legal Resources

Criminal Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Criminal Law.


How to Spot Tax Scams so You Can Avoid Them

  By HG.org
Violators of the law use many parts of the government system against itself in order to profit from loopholes, breaches in computer networks,...

How to Protect Elderly Loved Ones from Scams

  By HG.org
The elderly are targets for a variety of crimes by those that feel this group of individuals is a quick and easy victim to take advantage....

Act of Production Doctrine

  By HG.org
Documents are the foundation of tax cases where crimes are suspected. Subpoenas are often issued that demand extensive documentation to back up...

Civil FBAR Penalties

  By HG.org
The Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts, known as the FBAR, is assessed by the Internal Revenue Service for civil penalties if...

Mexico Moves Forward with New Anti-Corruption Act

Corruption is a significant risk for companies doing business in Mexico: bribery is widespread, and business registration processes, including...

Crime of Joyriding

  By HG.org
Numerous crimes of joyriding have occurred throughout the world over the last few decades. These violations of the law usually are perpetrated...

Crimes on the Internet

  By HG.org
The internet holds vast areas where crime may occur for any number of criminal acts. These may be completed by professionals in crimes or by...

Definition and Penalties of Various Internet Crimes

  By HG.org
The internet is rife with crimes committed by groups and individuals every year. Hackers live on the internet to change things, cause harm,...

Defining Internet Crimes

  By HG.org
The internet is a multifaceted place that involves at least millions of computers across the entire world. Criminal activity is available in...

When Is a Cybercrime Under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act Committed?

  By HG.org
Some situations of cybercrime have become so complicated that it takes multiple courts to determine if the crime falls under the Computer Fraud...

When Trade Secret Theft Is Escalated to a Federal Offense

  By HG.org
Trade secret theft is a serious problem for both small and large businesses. These secrets are often smuggled out of a company by an employee to...

When Virtual Crimes become Crimes IRL

  By HG.org
Virtual crimes are committed through the use of digital software, the internet and computers. Virtual outlets such as The Oculus Rift, Microsoft...

How Computers Are Used to Help Commit Crimes

  By HG.org
The electronic age of personal computers and various devices have all been used as portals for information and various ways of communicating...

Legal Recourse for Victims of Cyber Crimes

  By HG.org
Crimes in the digital world have spread throughout the world, causing billions in damages and millions more in injuries to individuals. When a...

The Difficulty of Prosecuting Claims under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

  By HG.org
Since the 1990s, computers and fraud have become synonymous. Many individuals have initiated crimes of fraud with various companies through the...

About the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

  By HG.org
Computers were around for use in the 1980s without the integration of Windows for years. When it became apparent that these devices could be...

Can the Complexity of the Case Help White Collar Crime Defendants

  By HG.org
White collar crimes occur every day throughout the country in businesses and companies. Because some of these violations of the law are complex...

Crime of Carjacking

  By HG.org
When a person takes a vehicle through force, violent acts or the threat of intimidation, a person has committed the crime of carjacking. The...

Crime of Child Endangerment

  By HG.org
Many states consider that when a child’s health, safety against dangers or overall well-being has been endangered, a criminal offense of child...

IRS Voluntary Disclosures

  By HG.org
The Internal Revenue Service provides a variety of voluntary disclosure options to help parties avoid possible criminal action if they come...

Effect Felonies Have on Immigration Status

  By HG.org
When individuals commit crimes, they may not think clearly about the potential consequences of committing a crime. For many people, these...

Expungement for a Felony

Living with a criminal record can hamper your ability to secure a job, rent a house or apartment, or build meaningful relationships with others....

Reasons to File a Tax Return Even If You Can’t Afford It

  By HG.org
Individuals in the United States are required to file a tax return if they owe tax and to pay on any tax due. If they fail to file a tax return,...

Consequences of Writing a Bad Check

  By HG.org
Writing a bad check can cause significant criminal penalties to arise. In order to avoid these consequences, it is important to understand the...

Failing to File a Tax Return and the Willfulness Element

  By HG.org
When someone fails to file a tax return and is then charged with a crime of this nature, they often wonder why they were targeted for this...

Failure to File Charges, Ignorance and Deliberate Ignorance

  By HG.org
If a person fails to file his or her tax return when required to do so, he or she may face significant penalties based on a failure to file...

While Collar Crimes

  By HG.org
White collar crimes are typically non-violent crimes that involve some type of deceit that yields a monetary gain for the perpetrator. As...

Amended Returns with Criminal Implications

  By HG.org
When a person files a tax return, he or she has the option to later amend the return if something was not performed correctly before. However,...

What to Do After Identity Theft

  By HG.org
Identity theft occurs when a person takes someone else’s personal information and uses it for financial gain, such as by getting credit cards in...

False Claims Act

  By HG.org
The False Claims Act has become most well-known today for violations from the health care industry. Those that submit a false claim stand to...

When Employees Commit Business Fraud

  By HG.org
Business owners often put a lot of trust in the individuals that they employ. Unfortunately, this trust may be misplaced in some situations....

Probation Violations

When an individual is convicted of a criminal offense in New Jersey, he or she can face multiple penalties. These penalties can include fines,...

How Social Networks are Used for Identity Theft

  By HG.org
The prevalence of identity theft appears to be increasing as technology continues to move forward. The easy ability of accessing the Internet...

What Is Level I Status Drug Trafficking?

  By HG.org
The distribution and selling of drugs are rampant throughout the world. These criminals provide and cause addiction in thousands of people each...

Puppy Mills

  By HG.org
Organizations in place to assist animals in peril have estimated that over 10,000 puppy mills have been created and are generating profits at...

Child Abuse Myths

  By HG.org
Cases of child abuse range from one side of the world to the other. These issues have been in existence for hundreds of years, and only recently...

Some of the Strictest Marijuana Laws

  By HG.org
The laws of the United States have started to change when dealing with some drugs. One particular drug that has a change of regulation and law...

Signs of Child Abuse that Is Occurring at Day Care

  By HG.org
Child abuse may happen at any place not just in the home. It is when it happens at a business or a company that more damage may be done as it is...

Dealing with False Allegations of Child Abuse

  By HG.org
Many criminal cases start before a person is arrested for an alleged crime. The actions of accusing a person are often what lead to an arrest,...

Some of the Most Lenient Marijuana Laws

  By HG.org
The world has started changing its views on certain drugs. Of these, marijuana has been considered by citizens of the United States for several...

Crime of Grand Theft Auto

  By HG.org
Crimes of theft have been around for hundreds of years to include the greater crimes of stealing large or expensive property and possessions....

About Blind Mules

  By HG.org
The supply and transporting of illicit substances are growing issues within the world since the war on drugs failed. Criminals purchase drugs...

Illegal Carrying of a Firearm

  By HG.org
Firearms are associated with a right to carry in the United States with the belief that every person should be allowed one in his or her home....

Federal Crime of Human Trafficking

  By HG.org
Crimes of slavery have been perpetuated for hundreds of years in one form or another. Throughout history, these crimes have been accompanied by...

Differences between Kidnapping and Aggravated Kidnapping

  By HG.org
Kidnapping is the instance when someone abducts another person for various reasons. The abductor often takes the victim to a remote or far-away...

Crime of Robbery

  By HG.org
The taking or attempting to take something of any value through the use of force, threats of force or through intimidating and fear has been...

Abduction Cases

  By HG.org
Abduction and kidnapping cases often go hand in hand. In most cases, abduction is considered to be the illegal holding or transporting of a...

Criminal Charge of Kidnapping

  By HG.org
Most states have laws regarding kidnapping as a criminal act. The victim is taken and transported usually to a great distance away from his or...

Child Abuse and Neglect/DCPP Matters in New Jersey

The goal of the New Jersey Division of Child Protection and Permanency (DCPP) is to protect children from abuse and neglect and work to provide...

3 Must-Have Types of Legal Videos

Our team has worked with numerous attorneys over the years, and by far the most common goals have been generating more leads, which convert to...

Reducing Federal Drug Penalties

  By HG.org
Penalties for drug charges are extremely severe for those convicted of these crimes. Starting in 2014, acts have been proposed to provide a...

Driving without a License

  By HG.org
Some drivers journey from one place to another with only short jaunts and may forget to bring a driver’s license. Others have had their licenses...

Can a Pregnant Person Legally Take Methadone?

  By HG.org
Drug addiction is rampant among Americans of all ages and backgrounds. For decades, the war on drugs has failed to eradicate this issue. These...

Things to Know about Major Thefts

  By HG.org
The issue with theft has dropped throughout the United States as the economy improves, but major thefts are still an issue. The Federal Bureau...

What Happens If You Take Prescription Drugs without a Prescription?

  By HG.org
Many families have access to drugs lying around the house from previous prescriptions that were not completely used. In many situations, one...

Drug Crimes and Penalties

  By HG.org
The punishments for possession, distribution and the manufacture of drugs are often harsh and severe. When multiple counts are applied to a...

Are Radar Detectors Legal?

  By HG.org
Many drivers have purchased and installed radar detectors in many states. The question of legality has risen at different points in time, and...

Possibility of Scheduling Down Marijuana

  By HG.org
In the years after 2000, marijuana has been considered less of an illicit substance and more of a common drug found everywhere. Healthcare...

Most Common Types of White Collar Crimes

  By HG.org
White collar crimes are committed every year. Sometimes the perpetrator is discovered. Other times, such actions go undetected. In other cases,...

What You Need to Know about White Collar Crimes

  By HG.org
The term “white collar crime” is typically used to describe illegal actions that are not violent in nature. Typically, these behaviors are...

White Collar Crimes

  By HG.org
White collar crimes are becoming increasingly common due to the technology that exists and makes it easier for individuals to get a hold of...

White Collar Crimes Explained

  By HG.org
A white collar crime is a crime that is often committed by a professional that involves some type of fraud or deception that results in...

Weapons Charges as an Enhanced Penalty

  By HG.org
When someone commits a crime in which a weapon is involved, he or she may be subject to an additional penalty. Because weapons have the easier...

Greatest Risk of Unintentional Shooting Highest in the Home

  By HG.org
The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution provides citizens with the right to bear arms. They often exercise this right by keeping...

Identity Theft Definition

  By HG.org
Identity theft is a serious crime that results in serious consequences. Identity theft cases continue to increase as new technological...

Stages of Money Laundering

  By HG.org
Money laundering regards the financial transactions in which individuals participating in criminal activity try to disguise the proceeds or...

Entrapment in White Collar Crimes

  By HG.org
White collar crimes vary in their severity and application. They may include nonviolent crimes like antitrust violations to complicated money...

FAQS about White Collar Crimes

  By HG.org
Many people are charged with white collar crimes every year. They often have a number of questions about a charge of this nature, including:

License Suspended and Acquiring a License from Another State

  By HG.org
Many traffic violations may cause the suspension of a driver’s license. When multiple crimes have been accumulated, when some violations have...

What is a Nolo Contendere Plea?

  By HG.org
A nolo contendere plea is offered in some states as an alternative to pleading straight guilty or not guilty. This plea can sometimes lead to...

Reliability of Polygraph Tests

  By HG.org
Polygraph or lie detector tests attempt to discern if someone is being dishonest. Every test is different, offering different features and being...

Consequences of Probation Violation

  By HG.org
Many criminal defendants receive probation as part of their criminal sentence. During this time, they must be on their best behavior or suffer...

Aggravated Vehicular Homicide

  By HG.org
Many deaths occur on the road or in traffic due to numerous factors. In many instances of death, the fault is due to a driver either through...

Being Arrested for a Felony Traffic Offense

  By HG.org
Most traffic violations are classified as lesser offenses such as a municipal violation. When a driver commits a particularly egregious crime in...

Consequences of Facing Murder Charges

  By HG.org
When facing the accusation of murder or homicide charges,defendants confront some of the most severe consequences, including the death penalty...

Defenses to Reckless Driving

  By HG.org
Drivers may operate a vehicle in a manner that causes both stress and peril on the road for others attempting to travel safely to their...

Fighting a Traffic Ticket with the Help of a Traffic Lawyer

  By HG.org
Traffic offenses occur daily around the country by every type of person. These may range from simple speeding violations to the more serious...

What the Confrontation Clause Means Today

  By HG.org
The Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution gives a defendant the right to confront his or her accuser....

Constitutional Rights and Carrying a Dirk or Dagger

  By HG.org
When most people think of the right to bear arms, they think about guns. However, there are other weapons that may be used for self-defense,...

Enhanced Criminal Penalties for Weapons Charges

  By HG.org
Many criminal defendants receive an additional charge pertaining to a weapon in connection with another crime, such as burglary or assault. If a...

Evidentiary Privileges in Criminal Cases

  By HG.org
Evidentiary privileges concern confidential communications, such as those between spouses or between a lawyer and his or her client. The United...

Duty to Disclose

  By HG.org
A prosecutor has the duty to disclose certain information to the defense. This helps aid the defendant in being able to lodge a proper defense.

Crime of Shoplifting

  By HG.org
Shoplifting occurs when someone goes into a store and takes something that does not belong to him or her. Many businesses have to carefully...

The History of Police Brutality, and What it Means for You

Police brutality in the United States has always been a huge problem, though it is more visible now that widespread ownership of handheld...

Prevent Identity Theft

  By HG.org
Today, there are higher risks of being victimized of identity theft than ever before. This is due to the easy access that many culprits have due...

Why Choosing an Arson Criminal Defense Lawyer Is So Important

  By HG.org
Arson is a serious criminal offense. As such, it can have serious implications. It is vital to involve a qualified criminal defense lawyer in...

New Guidelines Regarding Drug Offenses Established by Sentencing Commission

  By HG.org
When a person is facing federal charges, he or she must be concerned with the federal sentencing guidelines. In the event that he or she is...

When Is It Self-Defense and When Is It Manslaughter?

  By HG.org
Manslaughter, self-defense and murder are often closely tied together. It can be difficult to determine when self defense changes things so that...

Pawning Stolen Property

  By HG.org
Sometimes a person may happen upon stolen property. There may be many innocent reasons for why he or she is in possession of such property....

Stand Your Ground Laws Explained

  By HG.org
One of the most notorious stand your ground cases involved George Zimmerman. The Florida case made national news, not the least of which...

Defenses after Being Stopped in a Speed Trap

  By HG.org
Many individuals are stopped for speeding in certain areas known for speeding. Often, law enforcement establishes a speed trap in these...

How to Avoid a Traffic Stop

  By HG.org
Many DUI and drug-related arrests start as a simple traffic stop until law enforcement observes signs of impairment or other criminal activity....

Texting While Driving

  By HG.org
As the number of people texting has steadily increased, so have the number of cases involving motor vehicle accidents caused by texting while...

Application and Limitations of the Clergy Privilege

  By HG.org
Many states enact a number of privileges in order to protect criminal defendants. These privileges help prevent certain people from testifying...

No Duty to Retreat in Self Defense Cases

  By HG.org
In self-defense cases, there are generally two different approaches that states take. The first is the duty to retreat. The second is stand your...

All About the Attorney Client Privilege

  By HG.org
There are a number of privileges that criminal defendants have that protect certain communications. These privileges include clergy privilege,...

How Long Will an Expungement Take in New Jersey?

Your criminal record does not have to impact your life forever. Depending on your circumstances, such as the number of years since your...

Five Acts Better Left for Professionals in Criminal Defense Cases

  By HG.org
While your life, liberty and reputation may be on the line in a criminal case, there are certain aspects of your criminal defense that may be...

Steps to Take Before Being Sentenced

  By HG.org
After a person has been found guilty either by pleading guilty, accepting a plea agreement or being found guilty by a judge or jury, the next...

When Is a Person Legally Insane?

  By HG.org
The insanity defense is one of th emost controversial defenses. Additionally, it has one of the lowest success rates among all criminal...


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