International Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of International Law.

World Bank Group v. Wallace: International Organizations' Immunities and the Fight Against Corruption

Was this a great victory or a near miss? Much has been written about the recent Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) judgment World Bank Group v....
FIND LEGAL ARTICLES

Import & Export in Egypt

Import is strictly regulated by the Egyptian government permitting Egyptian nationals only and fully owned and managed Egyptian companies to...

New EU Regulation Regarding Data Protection

A new EU regulation regarding data protection came into force on 24 May 2016 and, following a two year transition period, it will apply to all...

According to European Commission and Deloitte, Belgium is a Heaven for Business and Tax Immigration

  By Lexial
There is a Belgian paradox insofar as, every year, Belgium is ranked by OECD among the highest taxed countries, based on the ratio of the tax...

Medicated Feed: A New Area for Legislative Revision in the EU

On March, 15th, 2016 the European Parliament Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted by a large majority the report on the...

Green Light on the New Veterinary Medicinal Products Legislation in the EU

Last June, the EU Parliament started discussions and issued amendments on the European Commission’s Proposals for two new Regulations....

Pesticide Residues in Food and GM Foods in the EU - Latest Developments and Questions

The use of pesticides in food, especially when growing fruit and vegetables, is now commonplace; farmers use pesticides in order to preserve or...

Network and Information Security in the EU: Is it Still Utopia?

The rapid rise in the use of digital technologies in the healthcare sector is not lost to cyber criminals.

Personal Data Protection and Medical Research: The New Legal Fframework in the EU

On May 4th 2016, the official text of Regulation 2016/679 “on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data...

Enforcement of Judgments in the EU under the New Recast Regulation 1215/2012 and the Issuance of Protective Measures

In accordance with the New Recast Regulation 1215/2012, any judgment obtained in one Member State will be automatically recognised and...

The New MedTech Code of Ethical Business Practice – Ethics at its Best in the EU

Medtech Europe represents the medical technology industry in Europe. It is the alliance of the two leading medical technology industry...

Blow the Whistle without Fear: The Importance of Whistleblowers’ Protection in the EU

Whistleblowing as corruption-fighter, is also known as a practice that deals with one of the most serious social issues of our time. A...

Clinical Trials: When Will the New EU Regulation Apply?

ΕU institutions adopted on 16 April 2014 Regulation 536/2014 on “clinical trials on medicinal products for human use”. The Regulation...

Key Points on Regulation (EU) No 536/2014 on Cinical Trials on Medicinal Products for Human Use

The Regulation 536/2014’s purpose is the growth acceleration of pharmaceutical research via clinical trials in the European Union. Its...

New European Regulation Acts Decisively Against Falsified Medicines

Passing themselves as the real, authorized medicines while containing ingredients which are of bad quality or in wrong dosages, falsified...

Red Biotechnology: Legal Compatibility Is Color-Blind in the EU

“No other sector holds the promise to enhance quality of life, productivity and environmental sustainability through innovation like...

Health Apps: The Challenge of Digital Health for European Legislators

Health apps have a significant impact on the provision of medical care globally. In our previous article we focused on the legal protection of...

New Rules at Bay: The New Public Procurement Contracts Law and Questions of Enforceability in the EU

The new 4281/2014 law which was published on August 8th 2014, already discussed in some of our previous articles, has not yet been applied due...

Mobile Health Apps and Big Data: The Legal Map in the EU

The use of mobile applications in healthcare has been rapidly growing, globally. Meanwhile, a long and intense discussion has emerged between...

Medical Devices & In-Vitro Diagnostics in the EU: What’s Next?

On October the 5th, 2015, the EU Council of Ministers agreed on its baselines on the looming two Regulations on medical devices and in-vitro...

The Truth behind EU Offshore Companies, Legal or Illegal?

Businesses are relocating and setting up in foreign countries to avoid paying taxes in their home countries. This is having a negative impact on...

Sino-Foreign Joint Venture Company’s Deadlock in China

Company’s Deadlock is, sadly speaking, a sort of very-often-seen disputes between Chinese and foreign shareholders and/or directors in a...

A Forwarder Is Not Required to Question an Importer's Declaration Regarding the Contents of Forwarded Cargo in Israel

Monetary disputes between clients (importers or exporters) and the various entities that form the logistic chain of transporting goods (such as...

Private Automobile Importer Will Not Receive Information on Other Importers in Israel

Among the most common disputes between importers and the Customs Authority are disputes regarding the valuation of the transaction. In other...

New Customs Code of the European Union

The Customs Code establishes the general rules and procedures applicable to goods brought into or out on the customs territory of the Union and...

Not Every Delay in Customs Warrants Compensation

The Customs Authority is authorized to delay the release of imported and exported goods if it suspects a related offense has been committed,...

Regulating Cyber Activity in Israel - Establishing a National Registry of Cyber Practitioners

Recent developments in the regulation of the cyber domain in Israel relating to defense export control of the cyber domain.

A Customs Debt Notice which Is Not Backed by Tangible Evidence May Be Annulled in Israel

The Tel Aviv Magistrate Court determined that an importer proved his claim regarding the essence of the goods and accepted the importer's...

Increased Enforcement of Defense Export Control in Israel - First Criminal Trial Ruling

The intent behind the Defense Export Control law, 2007 ("the law"), and the various regulations and orders enacted thereunder, is to regulate...

Armenian Citizens Will Not Pay VAT on the Cars Imported from the EEU Countries

An amendment was made to the RA Law on "Value-Added Tax" on March 17, 2016. The citizens will no longer pay VAT on the cars imported from the...

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea - ITLOS

  By M F Ejchel
The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the...

Construction Contracts in Iran’s Body of Law: Post-Sanctions Strategy

Although there are several similarities between construction law in Iran and other countries, it has its own rules and regulations which are...

Oil and Gas Industry in Iran’s Body of Law Post-Sanctions Strategy

The legal aspects of Iran’s petroleum rules and contracts, especially for post-sanctions era, have been analyzed.

Ukraine “Green” Energy Tax Benefits

Starting from April 2009 Ukraine makes efforts to financially stimulate generation of electricity from alternative sources of energy. Such...

Cayman Islands Private Equity Funds and the use of Exempted Limited Partnerships

Structure of Cayman Private Equity Funds. The most common structure for a Cayman Islands domiciled private equity fund (“PE Fund”) is as an...

Shareholder Disputes in the Cayman Islands

Shareholders of a Cayman Islands company may petition the Grand Court for an order that a company is wound up pursuant to section 92(e) of the...

Uganda: Benefits of an Investment Licence to the Government

The licensing of investments in Uganda provides vital information for the Government in the following areas:

Benefits of an Investment Licence in Uganda

According to the Investment Code Act 1991, Section 15 (1 and 2), Uganda Investment Authority (UIA) shall issue to the applicant an investment...

Cayman Islands Shareholder Disputes and Corporate Insolvency: Applications for Validation Orders by Solvent Companies

On 9 February 2016, Clifford J., sitting in the Financial Services Division of the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands gave Judgment in In Re...

Processing Investment Licence in Uganda

After a company has been incorporated registered (foreign company) in Uganda, it is eligible for an investment license provided its capital...

Investment Incentives in Uganda

The absolute exemption on plant and machinery only applies to plant and machinery used in the agricultural sector.

Authentication, Simplification, Granted IP Status in Latin America

The Hague Apostille Convention of 5 October 1961 was born out of the need to simplify the circulation of documents between different states and...

Economic Sanctions Against the Isalmic Republic of Iran from the Human Rights Perspective

Since the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Islamic Republic of Iran has always exposed to various international sanctions due to different reasons...

Arbitration - Does Signed Mean Sealed in UAE

Article 215 and 217 of the Civil Procedures Law of the UAE states that a person does not have the right to enter into an arbitration agreement...

Foreign Investment Law in China to Boost its Service Sector

  By MMLC Group
The path to reform for foreign investment regulation in China, and how that will boost the services sector.

Jurisdiction of Cyprus Courts to Recognize and Enforce Foreign Judgments and Foreign Arbitral Awards in Cyprus

In a recent decision of the District Court of Nicosia, it has been held that Cyprus Courts have jurisdiction to adjudicate on applications for...

The Changes in Insurance: A Prerequisite for a Stable and Efficient Insurance Market in Bulgaria

The new Insurance Code improves the legal framework and introduces the standard Community requirements to ensure legal certainty on the...

UK Competition Law Compliance Checklist

A brief overview of the main principles of competition law and what is prohibited, followed by a quick checklist of actions that businesses can...

A Short Guide to Agency Agreements in the UK and Europe

A very brief look at some of the headline issues involved when entering into Agency Agreements – both for trade within the UK and within Europe.

English Court Guidance on Anti- suit Injunctions in UK

In a recent decision of the English Commercial Court in ESSAR SHIPPING LTD –v- BANK OF CHINA LTD (2015) it has been held that an applicant to an...

Azerbaijan's Regulations on Agriculture: What Foreign Companies Need to Know

A summary of Azerbaijan's laws and regulations on agriculture. Useful to those foreign companies interested in investing in agriculture-related...

Airline Liable to Employers for Compensation for Delay - Romania

The European Court of Justice is having a larger influence on people’s lives than is popularly realised. As is often the case the Court has made...

China’s Updated High and New-Technology Enterprise Program

  By MMLC Group
On 29 January 2016, the Ministry of Finance, the State Administration of Taxation and the Ministry of Science and Technology jointly issued the...

Setting up Joint Ventures in Azerbaijan

General legal matters relating to how to set up joint ventures in Azerbaijan.

What You Should Know When Seeking to Become a Thai National

Practical points to consider when contemplating applying for Thai citizenship.

Egypt: Arbitral Award Enforcement

Procedure for Foreign Arbitral Award (or arbitration award) Enforcement in Egypt The competent court authorized to hear cases related to the...

Cross-border Reorganization of Companies in the European Union

There are number of specific features in the reorganization of companies established in EU members states. What are they?

The Registration Of Individuals & Companies In Free Zones in Jordan

Free zones in Jordan offer investors exemptions from income and social services taxes, custom duties and import duties.

Time to Pay Attention to Anti-Dumping Petitions in Taiwan

Since December 2015, U.S. steel producers have filed cases charging foreign competitors with dumping products, U. S. government has twice...

Romania and the New Insurance Directive

After much debate and discussion the European Parliament and the Council have issued the recast Directive on Insurance Distribution.

The Non-Operating Foreign Companies in Jordan

According to Jordanian Corporate law, the non-operating Foreign Company in Jordan is a Company or an entity which has its regional or...

Cyprus: The Strict Approach of the Enforcement of Arbitral Award

In the recent case of Ukrainian Vodka Company Ltd v Nemiroff International Limited, the Applicant requested an order of the Court permitting the...

Reinsurance & Reinsurance Investments by International Companies in Turkey

The laws and regulations governing the insurance and reinsurance practices in Turkey are quite complex, This brief aims to inform readers on...

How Can Your Lawyer Help Protect You in Romania

The use of lawyers in Romania has in the past has often been limited to using them for legal advisory and court work. Most clients should...

Legal Aspects of Marketing of Organic Products in Ukraine

The Ukrainian land is the most fertile in the European Union, the development of agro-industries are a significant and also market of organic...

Vessels Registration in Egypt

Vessels Registration under the Egyptian law Egypt enjoys strategic and distinguished location between the two seas, Mediterranean and the Red...

How to Clarify the Exact Scope of Goods and Services after Registration of an European Trademark

This article aims to inform proprietors of Community trademarks with the opportunity to file a declaration under Article 28, Paragraph 8 of...

What Tax Will You Pay On Company Incorporation in Romania

One of the current most challenging issues on the incorporation of a company in Romania is the immediate tax impact on the company and its...

Amendments to the Tax Legislation of Cyprus

New laws have recently been enacted in Cyprus, effecting important changes to the Income Tax Law and Capital Gains Tax Law. In addition, a...

Boundaries of Allowed and Forbidden in Parallel Import in Israel

Parallel import in Israel is a growing and expanding phenomenon. Many brands are imported not only by official/exclusive importers, but by other...

Ukraine vs Russia - The Beginning of Legal Wars

The legal war of Ukraine against Russia was announced in 2014 but in the second half of 2015 took the unwrapped and massive character. On...

Israel Import Taxes: New Voluntary Disclosure Procedure

On September 7, 2014, the Israel Tax Authority published a new procedure for voluntary disclosure of previously unreported income and assets, as...

Restrictions for Imported Products by Establishing a Register for Eligible Factories in Egypt

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued a decision to establish a register at the General Authority for Control on Exports and Imports for...

Ukrainian Asset Securitization - What Is It?

Asset securitization is the development and implementation of a set of legal measures aimed at the preservation of property. This practice has...

Implementation of the OECD Common Reporting Standard in the Cayman Islands

On 16 October 2015, the Cayman Islands Tax Information Authority (International Tax Compliance) (Common Reporting Standard) Regulations, 2015...

Cayman Islands Limited Liability Companies Bill

It is proposed that a new law (the “Law”) be enacted, to permit the formation of a new type of vehicle in the Cayman Islands – a Cayman Islands...

Execution of Decisions of Non-Resident Individuals and Legal Entities in the Ukraine

What can non-residents (individuals and legal entities), who have received judgments in their jurisdictions, and such decisions should be...

Doing Business in Cote d’Ivoire: New Steps for a More Attractive Business Climate

On regional level, Cote d’Ivoire belongs to three major regional entities: The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), The...

Senegal Business Environment: From a Local and a Regional Perspective

Senegal belongs to two major regional entities: ECOWAS and WAEMU. ECOWAS is an association of 16 West African entities aiming at having one...

Doing Business in Cameroon: Key Issues to Be Aware Of

Cameroon is described as the largest economy of Central Africa because of its demographics (20 million), with an area of 475,442 km², and a...

Common Reporting Standard Enters into Effect for Investment Funds in the Cayman Islands on January 1, 2016

What is CRS? The Common Reporting Standard (CRS) will impact Cayman Islands domiciled investment funds with effect from 1 January 2016. The CRS...

Identification of Systemically Important Institutions among Cyprus Investment Firms

Directive 2013/36/EU on the prudential supervision of credit institutions and investment firms requires what the directive defines as...

The Colombian Patent and Trademark Office: Steps Towards the Future

Revolutionary changes will be implemented in the administrative software that is in charge of the distinctive signs in the Superintendence of...

Ukraine Is a Huge Market for International Crewing Companies

Most of the sailors use the services of specialized personnel intermediary (“crewing”) agencies. Ukrainian market is interested in coming of...

Provisions of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement

Provisions of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement concerning the creation of a free trade zone will become effective on 1 January 2016. The...

De-Registration of a Cayman Islands Exempted Company and Transfer by Way of Continuation

Under the Companies Law (as Revised) (the "Companies Law") of the Cayman Islands, the Registrar of Companies (the "Registrar") will de-register...

Midnight Arbitration Clause v. 8:00 a.m. Clause in Dubai

In the past, contractual dispute resolution provisions were commonly known as ‘midnight’ clauses because commercial lawyers only come to discuss...

The Layman’s Guide to the European Institutions

Ever since the horror that was the Second World War, Europe has reorganized itself into a democratic union of states, which has proved to be...

Import Duties in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Indirect Taxation Authority is responsible for the collection of all customs duties.

Licensing Requirements of Dubai Lawyers

  By HG.org
Since 2011, the Dubai government has required lawyers to be licensed by it in order to lawfully provide legal services. There are strict...

Arbitration in Bosnia and Herzegovina

In the Foreign Trade Chamber of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as an institution whose main role is to represent and protect the interests of...

China’s “One Belt One Road” Provides Catalyst for Hong Kong Taxation Reform

According to the China central government’s 13th five-year plan, it has showed its full support for Hong Kong to participate in the nation's...

Public Private Partnership in Egypt

Public private partnership in a simple definition is a long term contract between the private sector and the public sector. In the 70s and 80s...

How Overseas Buyers Claim for Quality Responsibility against China Sellers?

For overseas buyers it is very important to inspect goods after delivery. The inspection should prompt and contribute to official report. With...

China Jurisdiction and Choice of Law Over Contracts Involving Foreign Interests

There are so many contracts entered into everyday by overseas businessmen with China partners. If the contract does not choose jurisdiction and...

Law, Life, and Society: Thai Businesses with Foreign Owners

There are restrictions to Non-Thais from opening most types of businesses.

Which supplier is More Reliable in China? – From the Eyes of a Chinese Lawyer

How to choose a reliable Chinese supplier in international trade business, for foreign merchants.

The Endgame: Enforcing a US Judgement in the UKT

British-American trade is worth $214 billion, and is continuing to grow despite challenging economic conditions. Often disputes arise, and as a...

New Tax Incentives to Attract Investors in Cyprus

The government of Cyprus has announced new amendments in the island’s tax system in order to attract foreign investment and increase Cyprus’...

Foreign Infusions into Charter Capital of the Company in Ukraine: Benefits and Guarantees

“Foreign Invested Enterprise” in Ukraine, what should we know about benefits and guarantees.


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