Criminal Law Articles
Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Criminal Law.
Domestic violence is a serious violent crime with aggressive behavior from one person often injuring another. Bodily harm to various degrees is the outcome of these crimes, and the perpetrator may be arrested, charged with a violent crime and possibly convicted.
When a childís safety, health or wellbeing is in danger of being compromised while, a person causing this danger may be prosecuted for child endangerment. This is the case for any driver that is drinking and driving with these children in the vehicle.
When a person is convicted of multiple drunk driving offenses, they are typically subject to greater penalties. When a child under sixteen is present during the trip with a driver that is drunk, substantial penalties are enacted with conviction in most states. Some states have different ages such as fourteen where penalties increase.
When a commercial driver is convicted of a DUI, he or she may face a one year disqualification from driving a commercial vehicle per the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Any subsequent DUIs may cause a life-long ban of driving these vehicles. The severity of these crimes is reflected in how a driverís CDL license suspension lasts in time.
Probation In Colorado In the state of Colorado, after a defendant pleads guilty or is found guilty of an offense, they are often placed on probation.
Individuals who are not United States citizens risk being removed from the country if they are convicted of certain crimes. A conviction for a domestic violence crime can affect the ability of an immigrant to remain in the United States. It can also impact his or her ability to re-enter the country after leaving or traveling.
A common question that prosecutors are asked is if a case will be dismissed if the victim decides not to testify against the alleged abuser. The answer to this question depends on the state and the particular circumstances involved in the case.
When children are involved with a driver that has been drinking, the crime becomes more serious than normal DUI offenses. These crimes may end in an aggravated DUI with penalties for endangerment. Severe consequences may be incurred through these activities no matter if any injuries are the result of the trip.
Unfortunately, it is all too common for a link to exist between alcohol intake and domestic violence. In most situations, a person who commits domestic violence is not considering the legal consequences of his or her actions at the time of inflicting injury on another.
While most individuals associate drinking and transportation with drunk drivers of passenger vehicles, other people responsible for transportation may put the greater public in danger by drinking on the job. This includes drivers of commercial vehicles, mass transit vehicles and airplane pilots.
Tragically, domestic violence is far too common. According to the United States Department of Justice, one in three victims of violent crimes suffered at the hands of a family member. Domestic violence is a serious allegation that carries with it the potential to impose many serious consequences.
Vehicular manslaughter cases can result in the defendant being sentenced to years behind bars. An effective defensive legal strategy may be able to help reduce charges, have them dismissed or result in acquittal for the defendant. Ways to establish this strategy include:
When a person drives drunk and causes an accident that results in death, he or she may be charged with vehicular manslaughter. The major decision that a defendant to this type of case must make is whether to accept a plea bargain or proceed to trial. How he or she proceeds with such a case depends on a number of factors, including the following:
In some states, more than one case may occur with the same driving offense. Laws in different states allow both administrative and potentially criminal charges to be filed for drivers charged with a DUI. This may lead to two different types of penalties and possible fines.
Due to an increasing number of drunk driving accidents, many states have cracked down on situations involving drunk drivers. This includes implications for both criminal culpability and civil liability.
Although advocacy groups like MADD have made great strides in educating the public about the dangers of drinking and driving, the act continues to be a problem throughout the nation. When a person intentionally drinks and then decides to drive, public outrage may demand justice for the loss of human life.
Vehicular manslaughter charges may follow when someone drinks and drives and causes an accident due to his or her impaired state. When a person has only two drinks, he or she may have a blood alcohol content over the legal limit of 0.08. Venturing out after partaking in these drinks can often result in catastrophe.
Vehicular homicide is a serious criminal offense that is charged when a car accident results in the loss of someoneís life. Some extenuating circumstance is usually present to raise the defendantís culpability from ordinary negligence, such as violating a traffic law, falling asleep at the wheel or drinking and driving.
Due to the potential for catastrophic accidents involving commercial trucks, federal and state laws are tougher on commercial vehicle drivers than they are on drivers of other vehicles. Commercial truck drivers are also subject to potentially harsher sentences, making it even more important to have competent legal defense to fight these charges.
Drinking and driving is a serious offense in any situation. However, it is even more so when the defendant is a commercial truck driver. A conviction can mean a loss of freedom and a livelihood.
Although the process of a DUI arrest may vary in each jurisdiction, the general procedures are similar. They usually consist of the following phases:
When a person is pulled over for suspicion of drunk driving, he or she may be asked to take part in a number of different tests. Whether or not the person should take such a test depends on whether or not he or she was drinking, his or her perceived BAC level, state law and comfort level.
DUI charges are some of the most common in the United States. Due to this prevalence, there is a lot of inaccurate information regarding alcohol, how to determine BAC limits, drunk driving charges, rights and potential defenses. Some myths and the reality behind them include:
If convicted of DUI, a person may face serious consequences including jail time, fines, community service and probation. In order to avoid these potential ramifications, he or she will need a strong defense. Some defenses that may apply to the case include:
Individuals who are facing serious criminal charges such as DUI want to avoid the negative ramifications of a conviction. For a DUI offense, these penalties often include jail time, fines, the imposition of other fees, an order to attend alcohol treatment and the loss of a driverís license.
One of the most common questions that a criminal defense lawyer is asked is what to do if pulled over for DUI. This is an important question considering that DUI is one of the most often charged crimes across the country.
Every day people are stopped for suspicion of drunk driving. Being convicted of DUI often leads to significant consequences even for first time offenders including possible jail time. However, reduced charges or a dismissal of the case may be possible if the defendant has a good case and a knowledgeable DUI lawyer.
Many individuals are stopped for suspicion of DUI. Knowing what to do in the situation and the rules associated with such stops can help a person strengthen his or her defense if he or she is arrested for DUI.
One way that many people ultimately confront DUI charges is after being stopped at a sobriety checkpoint. If someone is stopped a checkpoint of this nature, it is important that he or she contacts a defense lawyer who is seasoned on DUI laws, state laws regarding sobriety checkpoints and local customs regarding the establishment of sobriety checkpoints.
Many criminal defense lawyers will handle a DUI case at some point during their career. This is one of the charges that is most often brought against individuals. Being aware of the following information can inform lawyers about important aspects of DUI cases for lawyers who do not typically handle these cases.
Many individuals make the mistake of not hiring a lawyer after they have been arrested for DUI. They mistakenly believe that they can handle the case themselves or think that everything will be fine if they simply quickly plead guilty.
Prom is one of the most festive times of the year for high school students. For many, it is the first time that they dress up to a formal event and the first time that they may be given full freedom by their parents. While this is certainly an exciting time, it is also a time to be concerned about alcohol abuse and potential liability issues associated with the event.
When charged with a crime in New Jersey, it is important for the defendant to understand their rights and the procedures that they must go through in order to ensure a fair criminal defense.
Facing criminal charges is always daunting, but some crimes carry harsher consequences than others. A conviction for insurance fraud or simple assault must be disclosed when applying for a job or residential lease.
It is imperative to defend a client no matter which state or law is involved. A defense strategy should be implemented as soon as possible when the accused is charged with vehicular homicide. Evidence is needed, and witnesses need to be questioned. All details of the death should be recorded and analyzed by a professional.
Driving under the influence is a preventable type of offense. Accidents involving alcohol-related incidents are increasing, but the statistics about these accidents are often surprising. It is possible with more knowledge about these crimes, they may be avoided.
When a driver is texting, they are not paying attention to the road or traffic. This may lead to severe injury through negligence. Because all senses are impaired whilst texting, these actions are potentially worse than driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Driving under the influence of drugs is a factor that leads to personal injury, property damage and sometimes death. When driving through traffic, it is vital that individuals avoid imbibing substances that may impair capability and judgement.
The instances of driving under the influence during the day have been increasing. It is becoming a major problem that needs to be remedied. Though nighttime impairment is still more likely, daytime driving offenses may cause much more damage and injuries.
When arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, defendants may be scared of the process ahead. Being faced with criminal charges is daunting. The thought of what may occur is often overwhelming. It is vital to know what to expect and what processes need to be followed.
When a DUI offense occurs, many accused individuals may not feel the need for a lawyer, but these legal representatives may save time and money. It is best to at least speak to a lawyer to know what options are available.
A DUI is a crime that someone may face when operating a motor vehicle in an impaired state. Some states, especially those with lake and ocean access like Florida and California, have additional laws related to the operation of a boat while impaired by alcohol or drugs.
Individuals who are arrested for boating under the influence charges are often confused. Often, they are not even aware that this is a crime. They may have no idea how to proceed. Knowing a personís rights can prevent him or her from making mistakes that negatively affect his or her freedom and criminal case. Retaining a criminal defense lawyer early in the process can help prevent mistakes and help establish an aggressive defense.
Individuals who live or visit areas where there are multiple waterways often enjoy taking part in water excursions including boating. Many people want to party and may add alcohol to the mix to have a good time. However, drinking and operating a boat can make a person subject to criminal sanctions like he or she would encounter if operating a vehicle on the roadway.
While many people are aware of the illegality of drinking while driving, fewer people are aware of similar prohibitions against boating and drinking. However, this activity is usually criminalized and can subject defendants to stiff penalties.
Many individuals are well aware of the risks associated with drinking and driving, including the possibility of being involved in a fatal or serious motor vehicle accident. Multiple organizations and media sources ensure that everyone is aware of these risks and the number of fatal crashes that occur each year. Whether the number of crashes involving alcohol goes up or down is well reported.
It is important to obtain a lawyer when suspicion of DUI is possible. If charges for a DUI or DWI are a likely outcome, it is imperative to start a legal defense immediately. Obtaining a lawyer is a needed action to learn about rights, to discover what options are available and to know what to do next.
When a person who is not a citizen is convicted of DUI, this conviction can have a serious effect on his or her ability to be admitted to the United States or remain in the United States.
Individuals who are not citizens of the United States must undergo extensive background checks before they are admitted, while they are applying for adjustment of status and after they have been granted lawful presence. If they are convicted of a crime such as DUI, there can be significant consequences.
When a person makes the decision to drive after drinking, he or she may not fully factor in the potential costs associated with drinking and driving. However, these monetary costs can be significant.
Individuals who are convicted of a DUI offense often face a number of penalties. While expungement does not take away these penalties, it can help curb how long a conviction can affect the defendant.
When a person is not a citizen, his or her immigration status may be conditioned on following the laws of the land. If a person commits a crime, he or she may be concerned about being deported, or removed in immigration terms. One of the most common offenses that people are convicted of is DUI, making it a common concern for immigrants to worry about possible deportation consequences.
Some states have harsher penalties when the person drinking is underage. Charges for driving under the influence with an underage person may be severe. It is vital to obtain a lawyer quickly to determine what options are available once charges have been filed. An early defensive strategy may assist in challenging the charges.
DUI is one of the most common types of criminal violations that individuals are arrested for. In many situations, a DUI arrest may result in probation or only a few days in jail. Therefore, many people quickly plead guilty in order to receive their punishment and move on with their lives. However, they may fail to take into consideration long-term effects of a conviction such as how a conviction may impact their insurance.
While the potential penalties for DUI are severe, having certain aggravating factors present can implicate even harsher possibilities. Aggravating factors take into consideration that sometimes the crime is considered more dangerous or serious than others.
When a person is arrested for DUI, they are often humiliated, anxious and afraid. They may not know how to get through the difficult time between their arrest and the final resolution of their case, whether that means a plea agreement, acquittal, dismissal of charges or sentencing. A DUI criminal defense lawyer can act as an advocate for a defendant facing such challenges and can provide suggestions on how to cope while the case is pending.
When a person is convicted of a DUI, the court may impose a number of penalties on him or her. Sweat ankle monitors for DUI defendants are one type of penalty that may be imposed.
When a person is arrested for his or her first DUI, there may be a lot of confusion. He or she may not realize the potential ramifications of this charge or that he or she needs to request a hearing with the DMV in order to prevent an automatic license suspension. Getting a DUI lawyer involved from the very beginning can help the defendant make mistakes that can last for a lifetime.
Immigration from other areas or countries may become difficult when violations involving alcohol occur. Driving under the influence of alcohol often incurs penalties and many consequences due to these actions. Immigration may be affected adversely due to conviction.
Every state in the United States has a law banning drivers from having a blood alcohol content of .08 percent or higher. If a driver is not of legal age to drink and this occurs, penalties for these actions are often more severe.
More accidents are caused by drivers under 21 years of age than by any other demographic. When alcohol is added to the mix, the potential for injuries or fatalities increases exponentially leading to possibly large scale issues. A zero-tolerance policy has been issued in many states to deal with these drivers. In order to reduce or eliminate underage drinking, the zero tolerance policy is in effect in various states with severe consequences when these individuals are caught.
Public drunkenness is considered a crime even though a person is legally permitted to consume alcohol. Being in public after consuming too much alcohol may lead to misdemeanor charges and potential criminal consequences. It is often the behavior associated with drunkenness that causes the person to be charged with a crime.
Anyone who is arrested for DUI faces serious penalties. However, commercial truck drivers face even harsher penalties and repercussions. In addition to the potential legal ramifications of a conviction, a commercial driver can potentially lose his or her license and job.
When a person is arrested for DUI, the case disjoints into two directions. One direction involves the criminal side of the case. Individuals who are convicted of DUI may face serious penalties such as jail time, the imposition of fines, the requirement to install an ignition interlock device, the requirement to attend an alcohol treatment program and the possibility of having to serve probation.
For many first-time offenders, the most significant consequence of a DUI arrest is not spending a few days in jail. Instead, it is the prospect of losing their driverís license. Even first-time offenders risk a suspension period of six months to a year in many states. This time is lengthened for repeat offenders. The DMV hearing determines whether the license will be suspended and for how long.
One of the most significant effects that a DUI arrest can have on a person is the potential loss of his or her driving privileges. After a person is arrested for a DUI offense, he or she may only have a limited amount of time to request a hearing in order to try to prevent his or her license from being suspended or revoked.
Innocent Americans are regularly imprisoned for crimes they did not commit. A recent study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that a full four percent of all death row inmates are later found not guilty. Moreover, The Innocence Project, a legal team dedicated to overturning wrongful convictions, maintains that minorities are those most often wrongfully convicted.
Police misconduct is a major issue across the nation. Major cases have recently shed a nationwide light on this problem. Police brutality in New Jersey is just as much of an issue as it is elsewhere.
In some states, it is possible to minimize the negative ramifications of a drunk driving conviction. By taking a plea for a lesser offense, some of the significant punishments of being convicted of a DUI can often be avoided. Some states allow a person to plead to impaired driving, which is considered a lesser DUI offense. However, not all states allow plea bargaining in the event of DUI charges.
In an effort to save lives by curtailing drunk driving accidents, many localities require individuals who have been convicted of DUI to install an ignition interlock device. This device has an interesting and long history which can be appreciated by the public for its positive impact on society.
The benefits of disputing a DUI arrest and charge are not always clear. The consequences of a DUI are not always known to those that are charged with this offense. It is imperative to obtain this information. With this information, a driver may know how to react and behave once pulled over by law enforcement.
For many, knowing whether it is required to breathe into a breathalyzer machine is unknown. Some lawyers may say there is no right answer, but in many states, refusal to do so results in a suspension of the driverís license. It is best to contact a lawyer for any questions regarding the legality of this process.
There are multiple pieces of evidence that the prosecution relies on when convicting a person of DUI charges. A breathalyzer is only one of these methods. Passing this does not necessarily ensure a driver will not be convicted of a DUI.
First DUI arrests may occur with misdemeanor charges and lesser penalties in some states. But when aggravated circumstances exist, severe and greater penalties are often issued to these drivers.
Because male and female bodies are affected differently by alcohol, each may have a different blood alcohol content after consuming the same amount of alcohol. Women usually have a higher BAC percentage, and it is important to avoid a DUI case by being aware of this information.
Many states have checkpoints that check sobriety. These are used as methods to reduce potential cases of people drinking while driving. However, if improper searches or seizures are completed, a DUI charge may be invalid. It is important to know the law and what rights are afforded drivers in each state.
Deportation is a concern when a violation of the law has occurred. When driving under the influence of alcohol arises, lawful immigration status may be threatened. Conditional residence in the United States has many factors that are considered for a person to retain such status.
When a DUI offense leads to an accident, it may be vital to obtain assistance from a personal injury law firm. Understanding what options are available is important. Other important things to know may be explained by a personal injury lawyer.
Drinking and driving may result in a DUI. However, more factors may be in place when an accident occurs and the driver who caused the accident was under the influence of alcohol. It is important to know what consequences are in effect when these situations arise.
Many states are adapting to violations of DUI with the ignition interlock devices as a means of controlling drivers that drink. This allows many states to prevent numerous accidents with this process.
Many drivers are faced with the circumstances of driving under the influence. Because these actions may lead to a DUI, it is best to contact a lawyer to know what rights are afforded to drivers to avoid charges being filed.
Law enforcement agencies must ensure sobriety checkpoints are constitutionally permissible. Unlawful searches and seizures cannot be part of these checkpoints, as they violate constitutional law. However, when appropriate conditions exist, no violations occur.
Being convicted of a DUI offense can establish long-lasting and far-reaching consequences. For this reason, many criminal defendants make the choice to hire an experienced criminal defense lawyer who has worked on DUI cases in the past.
Every state has unique laws regarding drinking and driving. These laws govern the criminalization of the act as well as how such actions are treated administratively. The method that these cases are handled varies by each jurisdiction.
DUI charges are treated differently by each state, which establishes its own laws prohibiting this conduct. Differences also exist depending on whether the offense is considered a misdemeanor offense or an aggravated DUI offense. It is critical that defendants understand the differences in these two offenses.
Individuals who are pulled over are often asked to participate in various types of DUI testing. Refusing to test can subject the criminal defendant to certain criminal penalties. However, there are certainly times when a criminal defense lawyer would recommend not submitting to such testing.
Theft involves the unlawful taking of, or using, the property of another person, or endeavoring to do so. Theft offenses in Florida can be prosecuted as either felonies or misdemeanors depending on the nature of the item taken, the value of the item taken, or the number of prior theft convictions an accused person has.
Many people aren't certain when it's time to speak with a Fairfax criminal defense attorney. Perhaps you have been questioned by police regarding a break-in to someone's home, a drug crime, or even an assault. Maybe you are being investigated and are understandably nervous as to whether you are about to be charged with a crime. Regardless of whether you are innocent or guilty of a minor or more serious crime, when is it time to seek legal counsel?
Defenses exist to test the validity of a breathalyzer test when a foreign substance has been ingested. An arrest may still occur if these materials are taken. To ensure a proper defense is implemented for a case, a criminal defense lawyer should be obtained early. He or she may assist the defending person to build a strong and aggressive case against the prosecution. Many substances imbibed may cause the blood alcohol content levels to rise over the national legal limit of .08 percent.
Rising blood alcohol content defense is a common and sometimes successful defense of DUI charges. This defense explains that the BAC may have been lower when the driver was driving, even if he or she registered a .08 percent or higher after being pulled over. Various factors play a role in how the BAC registers higher later and how it may be lower before the rise.
A judge from the federal district of southern New York has decided to invalidate evidence obtained through the use of a cell phone tracking device. This decision may serve to clarify rules about when it is appropriate to use such technology with and without a warrant.
When a person is arrested for DUI, he or she may immediately think about the possibilities of a conviction in a criminal case. However, the criminal aspect of the case is only one consideration. The other is the case regarding a personís driverís license.
When a person is charged with DUI, he or she may be subject to an immediate license suspension. However, he or she may be able to file to have a hearing with the Motor Vehicle Division or similar agency in order to retain driving privileges and to fight the loss of his or her license.
There are numerous methods to fight charges of driving under the influence. It is necessary to generate a defensive plan to protect against conviction. Challenging evidence and processes may be the path to take. Hiring a criminal defense lawyer early to create a defensive strategy may lead to a positive outcome or reduced penalties if conviction does occur.
Not all DUI arrests lead to a successful conviction. When a knowledgeable lawyer is obtained, a positive defense may be implemented. Avoiding conviction is increased when a lawyer is hired to assist the accused individual.
The Fifth Amendment is a possible defense when a person has been arrested for a DUI. This Amendment to the Constitution allows for a person to remain silent to avoid incriminating himself or herself. Though some things may be required, this is a valid defense in many cases.
To be pulled over by law enforcement agents, there must be reasonable suspicion when a DUI arrest has been issued. When reasonable suspicion is absent and an arrest is made, these charges may be fought in court.
Many DUI cases have substantial evidence in the prosecution to attempt to convict the driver involved. However, there are various ways to challenge the evidence based on common flaws that it may have.
Facing sexual harassment can be uncomfortable and humiliating. When many people think of sexual harassment, they think of catcalls or jeers directed at women. Although this type of behavior certainly qualifies as sexual harassment, it far from defines it.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (ďCBPĒ or ďCustomsĒ) determines the import compliance levels of importers through audits. Simultaneously, Customs audits are a highly effective revenue collection mechanism that ensure CBP promotes fair trade practices for American industry. The following article provides a general overview of customs audits and recent developments in this area.