Criminal Law Articles
Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Criminal Law.
A DWI conviction is one of the most expensive offenses that a person can be charged with. One of the things that makes it so expensive is the fact that the Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) assesses a three year penalty called a surcharge for every individual convicted an offense that stems from operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated.
When you are convicted of a DWI one of the things that is restricted is your ability to drive on a valid driver’s license. This can create a big hardship because you need a driver’s license to do a lot of things like get back and forth to work, complete court ordered requirements if you are on probation, to take your kids to school, and to get groceries just to name a few things.
If you and your attorney have analyzed your case and determined that it is not one that is suitable for pleading not guilty and going to trial then you must next start thinking about punishment options. The two main options are jail vs. probation. Let’s face it nobody wants to go to jail. But, sometimes it is more advantageous to go to jail for a DWI than it is to do probation. Each situation has to be analyzed. There are no one size fits all solutions.
Maybe. Whether or not you have to have an interlock device if you are convicted of a DWI, Interlock Device depends on whether you are a first time offender, repeat offender, or had a blood alcohol concentration of .15 or above.
If a person is convicted of a DWI they are “required” to take a DWI education program.
Does a police officer have to have a person’s consent to draw their DWI Blood Test Without Consent if they are being arrested for DWI.
You just got your blood test results from your DWI arrest. You were expecting to see a number below the legal limit of .08. But, the number you see is more than twice the legal limit.
All states throughout the country have their own specific gun control laws that coincide with a set of penalties.
DUI accidents are the most preventable type of car accidents; however statistics for DUI accidents remains shocking.
The gap between the richest and poorest people in the United States is bigger than in any other country in the world. As a result, homelessness has become a serious and widespread problem in America. But, how has society come to deal with this issue? Are there any special laws regarding homeless people?
In addition to the testimony of the arresting officer’s observations, the prosecution may introduce evidence during a DUI trial regarding test results that implicate the defendant. However, a number of test results may be challenged during the course of the defense.
The Internet has brought many benefits to modern civilization. Unfortunately, just as with any technology, it also has a dark side. So, when a website publishes embarrassing content about you, what can you do?
Riots have erupted all over the United States in recent years, often in the wake of racial tensions created by police activities. Often beginning as peaceful protests, these demonstrations sometimes degenerate into violent riots where people and property suffer harm, leaving innocent people to pick up the pieces. This has led many to ask who should pay for the damage after a riot?
Consequences for DUI convictions, especially subsequent convictions, can be quite serious, resulting in a loss of freedom, hefty fines, loss of driving privileges and social and professional consequences. A DUI defense lawyer can discuss whether any of the following defenses may apply in your case to help you get your charges reduced or even your case dismissed completely.
The fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine prevents the prosecution from admitting certain evidence into a criminal case after it has been tainted by a primary illegality. This doctrine is meant to remove illegally-acquired evidence from negatively impacting a criminal defendant.
Frequently, the people who need an attorney the most are also the ones who can least afford to pay for one. Whether accused of a crime, injured in an accident, or facing the possibility of losing your children, there are many situations where the stakes are so high that you might desperately need an attorney even though you have no way to pay. So, how do you hire an attorney when you have no money?
Ketosis is where the body starts breaking down “fat” for energy, instead of the regular “glucose”. This happens when a person is on a “low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet” or if the body lacks insulin or is diabetic.
People injured in DUI cases often sustain life-changing injuries. Frequently, these injuries mean the victims will require expensive medical attention, either for a short period of time or for the rest of their lives. Of course, individual drunk drivers may not have the resources to fully compensate victims in these situations.
The overhaul of federal sentencing law with the enactment of the United States Sentencing Guidelines, (U.S.S.G.) , had a noble but flawed goal The basic idea was that sentencing uniformity and therefore fairness could be achieved by reducing the myriad acts of criminal behavior and offender characteristics to a number.
Too often women are charged and convicted of prostitution, when they could more accurately be described as victims of human trafficking.
Wrongful convictions can destroy lives. Being convicted of a crime one did not commit can land an innocent person in prison, saddle him or her with fines and legal fees, and destroy his or her career and relationships while the truly guilty party lives free.
If a fraud has been committed against your company there may be general desire to get justice by seeing the perpetrator sentenced for their crime and sent to prison. However, commercially astute businesses realise that the use of civil proceedings may be more advantageous.
The Indian government suspects millions of untaxed money from Indian High Net Worth Individuals in Switzerland. That’s why they made a lucrative offer to famous data thief Hervé Falciani.
Minor in possession. Open container violations. Driving under the influence. Minors are particularly susceptible to committing these alcohol-related crimes in peer-driven situations while still underage. Some parents have resigned to the fact that their children will drink regardless of their efforts, and will do everything they can to keep them safe—even if that means breaking the law themselves.
Children seem to grow up faster today than ever before. As a result, many teens feel the pressure to enter into sexual relationships with their peers at younger and younger ages. This has created an interesting dilemma in the law regarding whether one minor can be charged with statutory rape for having a sexual relationship with another minor.
For high school seniors and their parents, Spring can mean the excitement of learning which colleges and universities they have been offered admission to, and which new campus communities they may become a member of in the Fall.
Many find it surprising to know that violence has actually been on a steady decline for decades. Unfortunately, it does still happen. Often, altercations occur in a public location, such as a bar or club, a store, or a park or public street. When an attack occurs, what can you do to defend yourself and who is liable for any harm you suffer?
Having an eyewitness testify that he or she saw the suspect commit the crime or some act associated with the crime can be powerful evidence for a prosecutor. Realizing this, the United States Supreme Court and state courts across the country have established strict guidelines regarding police lineups.
A married couple have been convicted of benefit theft after it was revealed that they had used the overpayments to pay for their wedding abroad.
Black eyes, broken bones, missed days from school or work. For some, these may seem familiar. Whether they are occurring to you or someone you know, it is important to know that we can all help stop domestic violence.
There are few things that feel more violating than finding that someone has hacked into your phone or computer. When this happens, the first reaction may be to call the authorities and report the breach. But, many are surprised to find that police are not always terribly interested to hear about the event. So, what can you do if someone hacks your computer or phone?
In an increasingly surveillance-based society, it may seem that cameras are everywhere around us. If you look around, you may find cameras in unexpected places that you pass on a daily basis. But, how far can all of this surveillance go? Are there places that cameras are not allowed? Where is it legal to put surveillance cameras?
Many cities around the US deal with the problem of graffiti art everyday. Sometimes it may be a name, a threat, an image, a symbol, or a brilliant canvas of the graffiti artist's imagination. Whatever the case, it usually involves painting something on someone else's property. So, whose rights should win out? The artist's right to free speech or the property owner's right to the quiet use and enjoyment of their own property?
Most people are familiar with the concept of a criminal commitment (i.e. a prison or jail sentence). But not everyone has heard of the concept of an involuntary civil commitment. So, what is this, how does it fit into the American legal structure, and when is it used?
Sometimes, infatuation can turn into something more dangerous. A person may have such a strong connection in their mind to someone else, even if they have never met them in person, that they can being to act very irrationally. When that person crosses a line, he or she may become a stalker. So, what can one do about a stalker?
Wisconsin Marijuana Laws and Penalties for Possession, Paraphernalia, Growing and Intent to Deliver/Sell/Distribute
A recent study by the Vera Institute of Justice, in collaboration with the MacArthur Foundation, reports that there are over 3,000 jails in the United States.
Hearing that there is an eyewitness to a crime can cause a great degree of apprehension in a criminal case. However, there are several ways that a criminal defense lawyer can challenge such eyewitness testimony.
The procedure of adoption of a child from Ukraine is complicated, expensive and long. Ukrainian legislation makes the process of adoption transparent as much as possible, candidates must prove their welfare and reputation (in the broadest sense of these words) to exclude the possibility of adoption by dishonest and careless parents.
The following are the different laws regarding credit card crimes in Virginia.
Two of the most commonly prosecuted computer sex crimes laws in the US are child pornography sex crimes and solicitation of minor sex crimes. These two charges have different statutes that make this kind of activity criminal in VA, MD & in the Federal Courts.
Anyone who has watched an American crime show (and even some in other countries) probably have heard someone “read their rights.” But, what are these, why do police always say them, and how do they work?
It seems like every year another cult ends up in the media, having amassed weapons, engaged in child sex crimes, or after killing or abducting someone. This has led many to ask how cults remain legal in the United States.
The use of deadly force is an extremely sobering event. Despite dozens of expressions that joke about shooting somebody, choosing whether or not to actually use potentially lethal levels of violence against someone is no laughing matter. If you need to make this decision, it is important to understand when it is okay to take such action and when it is not.
Some of the most critical mistakes in a criminal case occur after a suspect is arrested. Here is a list of things to do and not to do if you find yourself in this predicament.
With a variety of self-help forms and resources available to individuals today, it may be tempting to attempt to do legal work yourself and avoid the often expensive endeavor of having to hire a lawyer. However, many tasks are better suited for a professional.
We just received a phone call from a scammer informing us that we were entitled to $9,000 of Government Grants.
Know the real meaning of robbery as per law in Washington. Also, know the categories of robbery, and discover how it differs from burglary.
Although some individuals may opt not to hire an attorney to handle their DUI case, there are several situations in which a defendant can benefit from having a private attorney. Here are some issues to consider when making this important decision.
Texas has unique sex crime laws, and each case can "go federal" for different reasons.
Returning to the United States after being deported or removed is a violation of federal law. Alleged offenders could be sentenced to prison before being returned to their home countries—where they could face additional consequences as well.
They are a routine part of our modern, online world: Internet scams are a daily annoyance for many. Often found in annoying emails, website popups, and other dark corners of the web, these digital scam artists seem to be everywhere today. And, with many of these scams operating overseas, it has left many to wonder what they can do if they fall victim to the tricks of someone from another country.
Eddie Ray Routh was recently convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the killing of Navy Seal, Chris Kyle and his friend, Chad Littlefield.
Traffic stops by law enforcement are serious business. More often than not, motorists are pulled over because of driving infractions and/or traffic violations.
If you’ve violated DWI in NY, the repercussions can be staggering; a negative impact on your career, increased insurance premium costs, personal and family embarrassment and a ruined driving record which can take years to repair. We’d like to share some of the common DWI questions.
While a summons may require another party in the case to appear, a subpoena can require that a particular person appear in court or for other proceedings. Additionally, this legal tool can be used to acquire information that one of the party desires.
For decades, virtually every employment application included the common question, “Have you ever been convicted of a crime?” It did not matter if it was a misdemeanor or perhaps a more serious offense that resulted in spending time in prison.
Most people see their pets in a light similar to their own children. So, when a dog misbehaves it may be easy for an owner to overlook the bad behavior and forgive the errant puppy. But, what if the dog bites someone? Are there legal ramifications? What should an owner do?
Have you recently been pulled over for suspicion of DUI? Have you been charged with DWI or DUI? If so, it's imperative that you retain the services of an experienced DUI attorney right away.
It's not easy being charged with a crime. If you're innocent, of course, it's a complete shock; if you're guilty, perhaps you've known this has been coming for a while – but it's still a very difficult situation to go through once the justice system has in effect taken hold of you and your life.
While the country has been focused on ISIS and issues with domestic espionage, the current administration under United States Attorney General Eric Holder has made three major changes in federal sentencing law.
Probation is a conditional sentence, meaning that if the defendant does not comply with the conditions, the probation can be revoked and the suspended jail sentence can be imposed. Probation conditions vary widely by geographic region, as well as the type of court that entered the probation. In some cases, a judge may impose specific provisions, while in others, a probation officer may impose certain conditions.
It is late at night, you have to work in the morning, but all you can hear is the thumping of your neighbor's stereo next door. You have asked them to turn it down before, but they do not seem to get it and the racket continues. Now, it is time to take things to the next level. So, what can you do about a noisy neighbor?
A proposed bill that will drastically change current DUI penalties has passed New Jersey’s state Senate and needs only to be approved by Governor Christie before becoming law.
Anyone who has seen a cop show has probably memorized a person’s “rights.” The common warnings regarding the right to remain silent and the right to consult a lawyer are well known. However, citizens may not be aware of the implications of what happens when these rights are not read or given to them.
Blackmail is a term often thrown around somewhat loosely. Often it is used to mean that someone is making you do something you would prefer not to. That is not technically the definition of blackmail. True blackmail is a serious crime. It can have devastating financial and social consequences, subjecting the victim to intense psychological trauma. That is why it is important to know that if blackmail is happening now, or has happened in the past, there are things you can do about it.
Updated March 2015 - If you received a letter from this scammer, please contact HG.org at http://www.hg.org/contactus.asp. We are gathering information about a scam using the HG.org logo. The letters are sent by a scammer using the name of lawyer office Ramon Pérez Lucena. The letters are mailed from Valencia, Spain. The scammer requests 50-50 split on €7.5 million left in an account.
Comedian and actor, Bill Cosby, is no stranger to the spotlight, but his recent media attention has not been favorable.
Most Americans believe that they can legally use force to protect themselves in the event of an attack, or the threat of death or bodily injury by another. What most Americans don’t realize is that the law of self defense is not always applicable as a defense.
The University of Virginia has issued strict guidelines to its fraternities in effort to improve safety at parties. The move was made following a highly publicized and controversial rape scandal that led to a mandatory suspension of all Greek social activities at the university.
Each state has its own statute of limitations in which to formally charge an individual with a crime.
Although some states permit marijuana use for medical or recreational reasons, federal housing is based on federal laws. At the time of publication, marijuana use was still outlawed by federal law. However, guidance from the Department of Housing and Urban Development shows the nuances in laws that federal housing projects are currently laboring under.
Under Colorado law a DUI or DWAI offense is a misdemeanor. Circumstance surrounding the offense could lead for felony changes; but the drunken driving offense itself is always a misdemeanor. Legislation currently in the Colorado House of Representatives looks to change that.
When an individual is stopped by the police it can be an overwhelming experience, especially when there is the possibility of criminal charges.
Everyone makes mistakes. Those of us who have made impulsive or uniformed decisions in our lives may have suffered severe consequences for them, such as being arrested or serving time in jail.
In Missouri v. McNeely, the United States Supreme Court decided that a blood draw is a search which is protected under the Fourth Amendment.
The fundamental attribution error is a term, which refers to the common human error in which people tend to underestimate situational influences and overestimate individual personality factors, when explaining behavior.
While many individuals are aware of their right not to incriminate themselves, they may also be able to prevent another person from testifying against them. The law recognizes several privileges that prohibit certain individuals from testifying against a person.
Even though you do not have a legal education, a pro se plaintiff or defendant is still expected to comply with the same rules of evidence as seasoned lawyers. In federal cases, the federal rules of evidence must be followed. In state cases, state and local court rules must be followed to ensure that the judge receives relevant and reliable information.
The Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution provides individuals the right not to serve as a witness against themselves. Through this amendment, a witness may prevent the disclosure of evidence that can ultimately be used against him or her in a criminal case. There are a variety of situations in which a person may assert this privilege.
Millions of Americans fear what can happen during a traffic stop. The names “Ferguson” and “Rodney King” have taken on a significance in the national psyche that will not soon be shaken.
Following the deaths of Eric Garner, Tamir Rice, and Mike Brown, Americans began to start asking more critical questions about transparency in law enforcement. Many groups and individuals called for increased surveillance and some municipalities in the United States went so far as to equip police officers with body cameras so all their actions on the job could be monitored.
Marijuana has made headlines for the last few years in a new and, to some, unexpected way. Rather than reports of massive drug busts and seizures, the latest news has been about more and more states legalizing the drug. But, this has led many to rightly question just how legal marijuana really is. Has the federal government legalized it? If not, do states have the right to make the drug legal? Is this change permanent?
When I think of a judge imposing a federal sentence, my mind often drifts to the Wizard Of Oz and that little masked man standing behind the curtain.
Many individuals are hesitant to appear in court out of fear or a lack of familiarity with the court system. There are several ways that you can get the testimony that you need to assist you in your civil or criminal case.
A DUI charge (called "OVI" in Ohio) is a serious offense. Although charged as a first degree misdemeanor, a first DUI conviction in Ohio includes mandatory penalties, including three days in jail, high fines, and a license suspension for up to three years.
New law permits DWI defendants to drive after having the machine installed. NJ Senate on February 5 voted 29-4 to change the DWI Law to require a car interlock device. Senate Bill No. 385 is now being submitted to the Governor for signature. The Assembly approved the bill in June, 2014.
Assault and aggravated assault charges in Florida differ based on a variety of factors, including if a deadly weapon was involved in the offense and who is the alleged victim. Assault generally is a misdemeanor with possible jail time, but aggravated assault is a felony offense with harsher penalties.
Possession of prescription drugs without a prescription and/or obtaining them by fraud crimes are rapidly becoming some of the most frequently charged felonies and misdemeanors in Okaloosa County.
In some situations, an arrest may be made after information is provided by an anonymous tip or through the use of a confidential informant. However, the standard is different for the reliability of information derived from these sources in order for a law enforcement officer to establish probable cause.
The rape trial of two Vanderbilt ex-football players has brought national attention to the growing epidemic of sexual assault on college campuses.
Under New Jersey’s social host liability laws, people who serve alcohol to guests in their homes are liable for any injuries that a guest may cause if they become intoxicated.
A 23 year old Pine Beach police officer has been suspended without pay, arrested for drunk driving, and could face criminal charges for a shooting incident that occurred shortly before 6:00 am on Friday, January 16, 2015 in Lacey Township, NJ. The Ocean County Prosecutor’s Office is investigating the shooting and has indicated that the shooting may have been accidental.
Women addicted to drugs are faced with very few options towards sobriety upon learning they are pregnant. With no inpatient facilities in the State of New Jersey that will accept pregnant women addicted to drugs, it is more often than not recommended by their health care professional that they engage in a methadone treatment based recovery program during their pregnancy.
For those states that have a statute of limitations for rape, some period between three to thirty years is common. However, not all states have a statute of limitations for rape and others have exceptions to their own statutes.
The terms “probable cause” and “reasonable suspicion” are sometimes used interchangeably. However, these are two different standards, with reasonable suspicion being the less exacting standard. Reasonable suspicion is all that is required for a law enforcement officer to conduct an investigatory traffic stop.
Individuals who are involved in an automotive accident may react negatively due to fear, confusion or guilt. This is especially true if the person is driving without a valid license, was drinking and driving or otherwise feels culpable for the accident. However, leaving the scene of an accident can have several negative consequences.
Over the recent past both police departments nationally as well as the Denver police department have been increasingly in the public eye for what many would characterize as a disproportionate use of force.
Criminal penalties tend to be harsh so that the state can accomplish its goals, including deterring similar future conduct from the defendant and others. Some states provide for lighter sentences for certain individuals, including youthful offenders. Alabama is one of these states.
Alcohol has been shown to be one of the leading causes of fatal car accidents; around 58% of drivers involved in fatal crashes were found to be driving under the influence of alcohol in a research review article. An article written by Michael Sayette and colleagues in Psychological Science, suggests a factor contributing to the commonality of DUI arrests: mind wandering.