Employment Law Articles
Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Employment.
Historically, women have earned less than their male counterparts. Nationally, women make about 78 cents on the dollar that each man earns for the same job. However, a variety of laws have been passed to help ensure women of fair pay. Here is an overview of those laws and the steps you can take to ensure that you, as an employee, are receiving a fair rate of pay.
The labor Law in Saudi Arabia is a balanced law that regulates all aspects of labor relations between workers and employees and applicable to all Saudi and Non-Saudi workers without discrimination. Respecting the laws and compliance with their provisions enhances labor relations stability and acts as a key for progress and development.
Efforts underway to reduce the administrative complexities that companies in France face when meeting their obligations as employers.
New law allows employees to refer directly the adjudication panel.
Unilateral change of salary is still regarded as a breach albeit not a serious one.
Employers in France must now review their procedures on seeking buyers for French businesses.
The recent law of August 4th 2014 is trying to promote gender equality by inducing fathers to take a parental leave.
This article looks at the ongoing popularity of terminations by mutual agreement in France.
This article looks at the possibility of a draft law on the business secret issue in France.
This article looks at the recent draft law on Sunday trading.
The U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recently released its findings in regards to the injury of a teenage worker last summer. The Delaware teen suffered a severe head injury when he fell one story on a construction site. The teen was employed by Reybold Homes Inc. as part of a co-op program.
Healthcare workers have very physical jobs. Lifting and assisting patients requires strength and stamina. Moreover, stretching, reaching, and pushing patients on beds up and down hallways and ramps often results in workplace injuries to healthcare workers.
New legislation requiring Philadelphia employers to offer paid sick time for many employees was approved by City Council and signed into law by Mayor Nutter last week.
Nearly all employment handbooks that are issued to employees upon hiring include anti-harassment policies that conform to federal and state laws.
Mental injuries fall into three categories: Mental-Physical, Physical Mental and Mental-Mental.
The Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation Act was enacted in 1915. Before this law, individuals severely disabled by injuries suffered while at work needed to prove a “negligence” claim against their employer to be entitled to any type of compensation.
An Impairment Rating Evaluation (IRE) is a type of medical examination requested by a workers’ compensation insurance company, for the sole purpose of limiting the length of time they may be required to pay benefits.
One of the most important issues in workers’ compensation law involves whether an individual worker is an employee (who may be entitled to workers’ compensation benefits) or an independent contractor (who is not entitled to workers’ compensation benefits.)
A crowd of workers cheered last week at City Hall in Philadelphia when Mayor Nutter signed a bill mandating paid sick leave into law, and the City Council approved the legislation.
Individuals suffering from chronic illnesses including diabetes, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia often take prescriptions or undergo medical treatment to help them cope with the symptoms of their conditions.
The goal of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is to create safer workplaces, prevent workplace injuries and save the lives of American workers. As of January 1, 2015 OSHA has implemented a new federal policy regarding the reporting of workplace injuries.
Certain types of repetitive work activities can either cause, or aggravate symptoms in areas of the body, including the knees, arms, shoulders, back and neck. The types of activities and jobs are virtually unlimited, and can be the subject of considerable litigation.
If your employer has misclassified you as an exempt employee, you may be missing out on compensation that you’re legally entitled to.
Some job applicants decide to lie on their application, in their resume or in answers to interview questions in hopes that these lies or exaggerations will help them land the job. However, employing one of these tactics can cause an individual his or her job.
Companies must take great care that senior company personnel avoid undertaking acts that mean they could be treated as directors for the purposes of the law. This may result in adverse implications for both the company and the individual concerned. The expert company lawyers at Bahamas firm ParrisWhittaker are highly experienced in providing full service legal advice to companies including in relation to directors and their duties and liabilities.
On January 20, 2015, the Law of Ukraine № 113-VIII of January 15, 2015 came into force which approved the Decree of the President of Ukraine "On the partial mobilization".
Working in a restaurant or commercial kitchen can be dangerous, regardless of the employee’s position. Head chefs and dishwashers alike face a variety of potential hazards that could lead to serious, life-altering or even fatal injuries. Besides the more obvious and immediate dangers of hot stoves and slippery floors, many kitchen hazards are not clearly visible, causing injuries that develop over time.
A Minnesota woman with fibromyalgia and osteoarthritis recently received $30,000 in an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) lawsuit that proved her employer violated the terms of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by firing her because of her medical condition.
Due to a number of legal theories, employers may be found liable for their employees’ actions that resulted in harm to coworkers, customers or other individuals. There may be variations or prohibitions against certain causes of action based on state law.
Due to current political changes, various processes of documentation preparation for foreigners in Ukraine seem to be easier than even a year ago. Due to this fact, one of such spread branches like creation and processing the employment agreements and contracts can generate much less issues, questions and complications in comparison to many other cases
In Turkey, the employment contract may be terminated in several ways;
As the economy continues to grow, more and more U.S. businesses are experiencing a manufacturing resurgence. As a result of the growth in this industry, the number of fatal workplace slip and fall accidents has increased the most dramatically.
Do you suffer from fibromyalgia but have attempted to “push through” your chronic pain in order to continue working? If so, you have likely experienced a delayed flare-up of your fibromyalgia symptoms within a few days or even hours. Delayed flare-ups can be especially problematic when an individual is seeking coverage under their long term disability policy due to their fibromyalgia symptoms.
One of the main features to the Family Medical Leave Act (”FMLA”) is the return to work provision that requires that an employer return an employee, who has been approved for FMLA, to their original or equivalent position at the end of their leave.
A federal appellate court has overturned a district court’s decision to dismiss a whistleblower case filed by a man who says he was fired after he brought attention to safety and health risks concerning the nuclear site where he was employed. The court also ruled that the plaintiff is entitled to a jury trial.
On December 4th the Official Gazette published Law 1/2014 amending the Capital Companies Act to implement corporate governance modifications. This reform is based on the Report of the Committee of Experts submitted to the Council of Ministers on the 23rd of May 2014.
A tax lawyer who worked at the Vanguard Group in Malvern, New York, was terminated from his position after consistently warning his employer that they were considerably underpaying on its taxes. The unlawful practices resulted in Vanguard cheating the US Government out of more than a billion dollars throughout the last several years. Some of the money saved from the illegal tax practices was used to enhance bosses’ salaries.
What employers must know with regards to keeping documentation in H1-B and Labor Certification matters.
Back injuries including herniated discs, strained muscles, pulled or torn ligaments and disc degeneration are the most common work injuries among healthcare workers. Nurses, nursing aids, orderlies, attendants, laundry workers, kitchen workers and environmental services in the healthcare field can suffer from back injuries caused by everyday tasks or workplace accidents.
Why does the workers' compensation insurance company get money back from my negligence lawsuit?
In a major victory for injured municipal employees in Philadelphia, a Pennsylvania appellate court recently blocked the city’s attempt to obtain a portion of an injured worker’s personal injury lawsuit recovery. This decision allowed the injured worker, a Philadelphia police officer, to keep the full amount of the injury benefits he received under the Heart and Lung Act and the full recovery from his lawsuit award.
Savings of up to €48 million thanks to new rules for cross-border judgments.
As a result of changes to sexual abuse laws in California and a more liberal statute of limitations, attorneys in California now have a greater chance to pursue perpetrators of sexual abuse and obtain justice for their victims. Thanks in part to greater public awareness of the problem, recent reports in the news, and more women willing to come forward after being abused, a greater number of abuse and molestation victims can at last obtain some measure of justice for the trauma they’ve endured.
Provisions on company regulation is stipulated under Article 108 until Article 115 Law Number 13 of 2003 on Employment (“Law No.13/ 2003”) and Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration Regulation Number PER.16/MEN/XI/2011 on Procedures for the Establishment and Legalization of Company Regulation and Procedure for the Establishment and Registration of Collective Labor Agreement (“MOMTR 16/2011”).
The Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation Act provides for different standards and evidence required to prove psychological injuries, as compared to physical injuries. The most common type of work injury claim involves a physical to part of the body, caused by a physical event – such as by falling or lifting something.
A whistle blower complaint filed by an Office Depot employee has resulted in a large settlement for the state of California.
If you are facing a felony conviction, the lasting effects on your career can endure for much longer than any time that you receive. Being convicted of a felony can have some of the following severe ramifications on your career.
In the latter part of 2012, the Ohio legislature passed Senate Bill 337, providing tort liability protection for businesses choosing to hire rehabilitated ex-criminals. According to Senate Bill 337 (now codified as Ohio Revised Code Section 2953.25), if an Ohio business hires a job applicant who possesses a Certification of Qualification for Employment (CQE), then the business is entitled to immunity from negligent hiring claims.
Defining and discussing three of the most important and commonly misunderstood terms in California employment law - wrongful termination, discrimination, and harassment/hostile work environment.
In 2004, a Harvard University study found that of 168 countries surveyed, 163 had some form of government mandated maternity leave pay. The United States was not one of them. As a result, millions of American women suffer crippling economic hardships when they must take time off to give birth, and then are forced to return to work prematurely or go without income. Enter the FAMILY Act.
In states where unions are strong, it is not uncommon to see posters and other materials related to the union located in company break rooms or other parts of the employer's property. Even in “right to work” states, where unions are less prominent, one can occasionally find such materials. But some employers resist, and would prefer not to have such materials on their property. So, is an employer required to allow union signs on company property?
Earlier this year, HB5701, the Job Opportunities for Qualified Applicants Act, was passed and signed into law in Illinois. This law is more colloquially known as the Ban the Box law and presents Illinois job applicants with greater opportunities to secure employment. Similar laws are becoming popular throughout the United States. Currently, 12 states have statewide Ban the Box laws and 19 states contain at least one city or county with this type of law.
My clients are often surprised to learn that even after devoting many years of loyalty to a company, that he or she is subject to termination, even after suffering a work related injury.
As an employer, one is often subject to a lot of liability and often from unexpected sources. Not only are there concerns about meeting payroll and keeping your business afloat, an employer must also ensure that all of its employees are properly qualified before hiring and adequately trained and supervised once employed. Otherwise, an employer could find itself liable to a third party for negligent hiring and retention. But what is negligent hiring and retention?
Included in the Draft Tax Reform of Income Tax Law for Non-residents is a significant modifying rule that could be described as a "second chance" to allow those non-residents who have not declared foreign pensions received to rectify the situation.
Traditionally, one benefit of marriage was being able to share in a spouse's employment benefits, like health, vision, and dental insurance. Unfortunately, many same-sex couples have struggled for years to receive the same level of benefits and even the right to be married. With more and more jurisdictions recognizing same-sex marriages, are employers now required to provide same-sex couples with the same level of benefits as heterosexual couples?
In order to entice talented individuals to work for them and to retain qualified staff, some employers offer fringe benefits and other perks to employees. Knowing about fringe benefits can help employees and employers have a better understanding of what a new or existing job provides in the way of benefits.
Social media is everywhere today; from Facebook to Twitter to LinkedIn, it would be almost impossible for an employer not to have someone working for them that has some form of social media presence. While you might be able to keep an employee from updating their Facebook status from the office, can you do anything about what they say or do about you or your company on their social media in their own time? Indeed, can you fire someone for their social media complaints about work?
By LPA Law Firm
Legislative framework and general principles in Albania.
The United States has statutory minimum wage laws intended to ensure that even the least skilled of workers are able to earn enough money on which to live. As of July 2009, the federal minimum wage was set to $7.25 per hour, which equates to weekly earnings of just $290 per week (before taxes) for a full time job. However, many feel this number has not kept up with inflation and that this number is no longer a livable figure.
Every year, millions of Americans engage in office parties around the traditional holiday season. Sometimes these are at the boss's house, a country club, a nice restaurant, or even somewhere at the office itself. But, is the party considered a work function? Could there legally be a consequence for not attending, even if it is after hours? And, what happens if someone is injured, either at the party or on the way to or from it?
Millions of Americans have found themselves in this situation in the last few years: looking for work, they fill out an application only to find a portion asking for permission to run their credit report. Some refuse because they fear identity theft. Others lose the job, despite being otherwise qualified, because they have bad credit. So is it legal for an employer to ask to run your credit during a job interview?
Senior citizens have been given certain unnecessary drug testing in a Medicare fraud scheme.
Employees are eligible for Gratuity at the end of completing a full years of service. This gratuity is calculated as 21 days of salary. Salary in this case excludes any allowances for housing or car etc and considers the basic salary of the employee.
While other countries may require the losing side to pay both sets of attorneys’ fees, in the United States, this is not usually the rule. Requiring the losing side to pay all attorneys’ fees and costs may serve as a deterrent for individuals to access the court system for justice and works against public policy.
Many have been asked to sign non-compete agreements or thought they might be a good idea to protect their business interests when hiring someone. But, what do they do? How are they enforced? What legal requirements do they have to follow?
When discussing unlawful conduct or illegal activities in relation to employment, most people will think of improper or wrongful conduct of employer eg. discrimination or harassment.
Individuals who have been convicted of a felony often experience difficulty in securing employment because many employers choose not to hire them. Just as employers may have policies in place that may result in termination upon the conviction of a felony, they may also have policies that weigh against hiring convicted felons. However, a series of laws may prevent an employer from having a blanket policy against discriminating against employees who have been convicted of a felony.
As part of exploration operations of multinational companies, wet lease agreements are gaining more importance especially in oil and gas industry and foreign carriers who takes part in such operations are still not clear about either their employees require work permit or not, in cases where they entered into a subcontractor and wet lease agreement with Turkish air carriers for air transport works to be conducted under exploration operations.
When dealing with an arrest or a criminal conviction, a lot of things may be on your mind. Being able to find a job may not be the first thing that comes to mind, but it can be a serious problem. Many employers will not even consider someone with an arrest, let alone a conviction. But is it legal for an employer to discriminate based on one's criminal background?
Most people have seen the effects of affirmative action in one place or another. For example, most job and school applications now ask a person's racial and ethnic background, gender, and veteran status. But what is affirmative action really, and why was it created?
A large part of our judgment collection law practice is collection of labor awards, or more specifically enforcement labor judgments. Essentially, these result when an employer fails to properly pay an employee for wages, overtime pay, or otherwise violates California labor laws.
An all too common occurrence in the modern workplace is the sexual harassment. This can take many forms, like unwelcome sexual or romantic advances, sexual blackmail, offensive touching, discussions of intimate activities that make others uncomfortable, etc. While there are a number of laws to protect those who complain of such activities, what of those who are accused, particularly if the sexual harassment claim is determined to be unfounded or used as a means of embarrassment or retaliation?
The Securities & Exchange Commission's whistleblower program is proving itself to be a force to be reckoned with.
The New York State Workers' Compensation Law provides for indemnity and medical benefits if a claim is found to be work related. One of the more controversial aspects of a work related claim occurs when an injured worker alleges stress, anxiety or depression as a result of employment.
It is often a coming of age event: getting that first job, usually to pay for something irresponsible like a sports car or a video game. But how old does one have to be to start working? How many hours can they work every day and week? Who gets to control the money (i.e., the child or the parents)?
As Turkey maintains economic stability and growth for almost five years, the confidence of the foreign investors raised and new direct investments are executed more often. In this context employee related issues are of consideration to foreign investors and significance of the Turkish Labor Code (‘TLC’) elevate accordingly. Therefore we would like to briefly inform foreign investors regarding the precautions that shall be thought over while hiring and firing employees in Turkey.
An oft-repeated business mantra is “be slow to hire and quick to fire”. Unfortunately, what many managers do not realise is that a “quick to fire” approach also carries significant risks, especially in Malaysia, which does not adopt the principle of “at-will” employment. Trigger happy employers may soon find themselves at the wrong end of a lawsuit if they don’t take the appropriate steps and precautions prior to making the decision to terminate an employee.
Since last 10 years the financial developments and the promising financial and technological progresses notably in energy, tourism and infrastructure sectors have attracted the foreign investors' interest.
When the business faces a cash flow problem, many business owners use the payroll taxes collected but not yet turned over to the IRS.
If you have seen something at work that must change, but your employer is unwilling to do anything about it, what can you do? Will you be protected or can your employer immediately terminate you? How much will you jeopardize your job by doing the right thing?
Recently, a whistleblower failure-of-care claim was settled against a nursing home chain for $38 million. Even nursing home abuse can be stopped with whistleblowing.
Whistleblowers don't normally report fraud for financial gain - they report it because they've been wrongfully retaliated against.
The State of California enacted a workers' compensation system to provide benefits on a no-fault basis for those who sustain injury arising our of and in the course of employment. However, there are circumstances where workers' compensation is not available.
The Securities Exchange Commission has investigated over 686 whistleblower cases in this year alone - the highest amount since 2011.
The California Legislature enacted specific provisions of the Labor Code to create a higher threshold of compensability for psychiatric injury under workers' compensation law.
When whistleblowers report fraud within hospitals and pharmaceutical companies, they may also unknowingly stop risky medical practices.
Literal meaning of severance or gratuity is a favor or gift, usually in the form of money, given in return for service. In other words a sum of money offered to certain service sector workers for a service they performed or anticipated.
It may seem to run contrary to common sense, but it is possible to collect both workers' compensation and unemployment benefits. However, an injured worker should be aware of the limitations of each program.
A record amount of $30 million was awarded to an overseas whistleblower for providing key information to detect an ongoing fraud.
Leaving a job, whether intentionally, by being fired, or through circumstances beyond your control (such as layoffs), is almost always tinged with at least a little (and often a lot) of stress. One of the biggest concerns faced by many in this position is what sorts of benefits they are entitled to? Will their insurance continue? Are they guaranteed a severance? What happens if they cannot immediately find a job?
Seven whistleblower suits against Community Health Systems and associated entities was settled in August for $98 million.
The California Family Rights Act was created to protect employees going on leave as a result of the following circumstances: childbirth; placement of a child in the employee's family for adoption; for the serious health condition of the employee's child, parent or spouse; and for the employee's serious health condition.
Attorney General Holder proposes an increased cap for awards to Wall Street whistleblowers.
Iowa limits the benefits you can receive if injured on the job to specific categories of benefits.
Sharing inside knowledge, trader sounds the alarm on behavior that could put ‘everyday investors’ at an unfair disadvantage
Amendments to the IRS whistleblower program as of August 12, 2014.
Most of the foreigners trying to work in the United States. H1B visa is a non immigrant visa, but five immigrant visas allow foreigners to work in the United States and also get many immigration benefits through these EB visas. 1,40,000 visas allocated for every fiscal year. Highly skilled professionals, research professionals, professors and who has extraordinary abilities they can get higher priority
On July 1, 2014, several new labor laws took effect that make significant changes in important categories such as minimum wage, paid family leave and background checks in the state of California that you need to know about.
Whistleblowers now have up to five years to report fraud, abuse or waste.