Employment Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide
discussing legal aspects related to Employment.
Some of the legal issues that a person starting business in Azerbaijan would need to consider. This article covers corporate registration, tax and employment aspects of starting and operating business in Azerbaijan.
Injured employees, including those with hearing loss, are entitled to benefits under workers' compensation.
Each year, more than 4,000 workers die from workplace accidents, and an additional 50,000 die from occupational diseases, which averages to 150 worker deaths every day in this country, according to Jessica Martinez, deputy director of NCOSH.
Construction workers are particularly susceptible to ladder injuries, making up an estimated 81% of fall injuries treated in emergency departments throughout the country.
If you or your family is faced with a medical condition or issue that requires you to take leave from your job, you may have more protection than you think. Many employers must offer employees 12 weeks of leave for their medical conditions and medical conditions of their families necessitating leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA).
The New York State Workers' Compensation Law is designed to protect injured workers. Employers are required to have insurance coverage or risk significant and severe penalties. In addition, one could argue that the law provides an equal benefit to employers by preventing a direct lawsuit by employees. In spite of this, a general perception persists among some injured workers that claims should be avoided for fear of retaliation.
Disabled individuals, or those with medical conditions that impair their ability to work, are often frustrated with the process of proving their disability or understanding what and how much of their medical information they must disclose. Frequently, they also express frustration with their doctor’s office in providing the necessary information. But patients are more powerful in these situations than they realize.
Recent studies reveal that a logger is the most dangerous job in America as it has the highest fatality rate. However, it has been my experience as a New York State workers' compensation practitioner that the highest injury rates can be found in the medical profession, a contention which now seems supported by a recent study.
Changes in the procedure for receiving Russian citizenship. A draft law simplifying the procedure for receiving Russian citizenship for those who are Russian native speakers and whose relatives in a direct ascending line lived on the territory of Russia was announced at the end of March.
Most workplace deaths in this country may be preventable, according to a new report from the National Council for Occupational Safety and Health (NCOSH). More than 4,000 workers die every year from workplace accidents, and an additional 50,000 die annually from occupational diseases, which averages to 150 worker deaths every day in this country, according to Jessica Martinez, deputy director of NCOSH.
There is never a shortage of issues to discuss in the world of personal injury, and April 2014 has been no exception. Current topics include mammography and its coverage by the media, dysfunction in healthcare, schools near dangerous chemical facilities, and a potentially record-breaking rate of car recalls this year.
By Kassouni Law
A common law system (one where previous court opinions define the meaning of the law) can be very useful. It can also result in some rather bizarre arguments being taken seriously, and even garnering the support of some members of the Supreme Court. Case in point: the plaintiffs position in Schuette v BAMN which the Supreme Court decided this week.
An Arkansas Court recently overturned an Aetna denial of long term disability benefits because Aetna relied on a flawed vocational assessment report which listed jobs that the claimant was not actually qualified to perform.
Unfortunately, some industries do not necessarily have accurate reporting mechanisms on work-related injuries and illness, which make it more difficult for regulators and lawmakers to identify and address occupational health problems.
Workers who are exposed to high levels of noise while on the job may be at risk of developing hearing loss and other occupational hazard injuries. Not only are these workers at a higher risk of hearing loss injuries, but a new Canadian study from the Institut National de Santé Publique shows that workers with noise-induced hearing loss may also be at a higher risk of other injuries in the workplace.
Back injuries, such as a herniated disc, sprain, or fractured vertebrae, continue to be one of the most common work-related injuries. In the workplace, back injuries can occur when lifting or carrying heavy objects, or due to repetitive motions.
Disability payments from private sources, such as private pension or insurance benefits, do not affect your Social Security disability (“SSD”) benefits.
If you are one of the millions of temp workers in this country, you may be unsure of your employment rights, including protections against discrimination, eligibility for workers’ compensation benefits, and wage and hour rights. Temporary workers can rest assured: while you may not have the same job security that full-time employees have, you do have a number of employment rights and protections.
Going to prison should not mean the end of someone’s potential. However, upon re-entering society, many released prisoners find fewer opportunities than when they entered the prison system.
As of January 5, 2014, Wisconsin’s unemployment insurance laws changed dramatically. The new law codifies and expands the definition of misconduct and creates a lesser standard which employers may use to prevent a n employee from collecting benefits. This article will briefly outline the changes to Wisconsin’s unemployment insurance law related to discharged employees.
Workplace accidents and injuries can happen in any job and in any industry. But just like there are some jobs and industries are more prone to workplace accidents, certain work-related injuries occur more often than others.
A whistleblower will receive $63.9 million for providing information to the government that lead to a recovery.
According to Forbes, some of the jobs that are commonly thought of as dangerous actually result in the fewest fatalities. For instance, firefighting and tractor operation are safer jobs than being a car mechanic.
Whistleblowers are now able to file certain complaints online. Whistleblower complaints that are overseen by OSHA can be filed online.
The high rate of accidents and injuries on communication towers is “unacceptable,” according to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) administrator David Michaels. Michaels issued his remarks at the National Association of Tower Erectors’ conference, which took place February 24-27, and he stressed the need for proper safety precautions related to communication towers.
Pursuant to its annual inspection plan under the Site-Specific Targeting program, OSHA plans to direct enforcement resources to those workplaces that have the highest rates of injuries and illnesses.
Personal injury and workers' compensation lawyers have been discussing several important topics in the last few weeks, including the safety of surgical robots, the inadequacy of temp worker laws, employer abuse of the workers' compensation system, and the idea that doctors seek locations with lax regulations on professional liablility. This article is a brief summary of four separate articles detailing those topics.
A $6.5 million dollar settlement has been reached in a federal whistleblower lawsuit. There were allegations that a military contractor had submitted inflated bills to the government.
Not everybody is entitled to survivor benefit. Individuals who might be thought about dependents for the purposes of workers' compensation death benefits are specified in Labor Code. It enumerates two classifications of people who might certify as dependents: (1) those who are good-faith members of the departed staff member's family or family, and (2) those with specified marital, blood or embraced relationships with the decedent.
A federal jury recently convicted three people on charges related to Medicare fraud. The fraud took place during the time frame of 2006 - 2011. The defendants in the case operated a durable medical goods company out of the Los Angeles area.
Significant Issues in Employment Law in Israel
Shanghai Human Resources and Social Security Bureau issued the New Standard of Social Security Payment in Shanghai (the “New Standard”) on April 3rd, 2013. The New Standard has come into effect on April 1st, 2013 and will expire on March 31st, 2014.
The People’s Supreme Court Issued Interpretation IV on Applicable Laws in Labor Dispute Cases - China
The People’s Supreme Court (“Supreme Court”) released the Interpretation IV on Certain Issues regarding Applicable Laws in Labor Dispute Cases (hereinafter the “Interpretation”) on December 31, 2012, which came into effect on February 1, 2013.
On December 28th,2012, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) approved a Decision on the Revision to the Labor Contract Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the “Decision”) which shall come into force on July 1st, 2013. The Decision focused on the provisions related to labor dispatch and was designed to strengthen the administration of labor dispatch agencies and protect the rights and interests of the dispatched employees.
Construction workers are exposed to a number of occupational hazards, such as scaffolding injuries, noise hazards, and equipment injuries. But a new report shows that construction workers who are exposed to crystalline silica dust are also at risk of developing occupational diseases over the long term.
Millions of people in and around Chicago commute to work each day. Most commuters use public transportation or drive in their own car to get to their jobs, but some Chicago area workers also bike to work or carpool. When commuters are injured on their way to work, complex issues can arise regarding liability.
Commuting and traveling is often a necessary part of a person’s job. While work-related travel and lengthy commutes are commonplace in today’s labor force, when a worker is injured while commuting or traveling for work, several issues can arise regarding workers’ compensation.
The Dangers of Working the Night Shift: How to Recover the Workers’ Compensation Benefits You Deserve
Night shift work – though a necessity for many American workers – comes with a unique set of health risks and hazards. For instance, according to an article on WebMD, night shift work is related to a number of serious health conditions, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity.
“Whistleblowing”, i.e. the reporting of misconduct occurring in an organisation, has a considerable history in the United States and the United Kingdom. The legislation of these countries has already elaborated the process, how employees can report anomalies discovered at their workplace to their employer.
The death of an injured worker does not influence the liability of the employer for payment of benefits. If an employee dies as a result of an industrial injury, a company’s liability for momentary or irreversible disability terminates, but the employer remains liable for various other benefits.
In a perfect world, all workman’s compensation claims would be honored without scrutiny. Employees would be honest about the cause and extent of their injuries, and employers would willingly pay for all of the medical care necessary for their injured worker to recover. Despite its being a no-fault insurance, many claims are denied by employers and/or their insurance carriers.
Determining who qualifies as a dependent for workers' compensation death benefits can be a complicated issue.
The Utah Workers Compensation system makes claim filing easy for injured workers, who can leave the paperwork to other parties after notifying their employers of an injury.
Every day restaurant customers and employees are injured in restaurant accidents. Injuries happen in restaurants for a number of reasons, including hazards such as food or drink spills, poor lighting, lack of or broken railings on stairways, failure to maintain the premises, burns by hot food or drink, food poisoning, sharp kitchen tools and utensils.
The United States Department of Justice has provided the public with some information regarding recent whistleblower cases. In one of the cases there have been allegations made against Health Management Associates.
A California based nursing home operator has agreed to pay $48 million dollars in a settlement related to two whistleblower lawsuits.
Various ways of financing the bringing of an Employment Tribunal claim in the UK and Wales.
The effect of existing employment non competition covenants when setting up your own business in competition with a former employer.
In 2004, a Harvard University study found that of 168 countries surveyed, 163 had some form of government mandated maternity leave pay. The United States was not one of them. As a result, millions of American women suffer crippling economic hardships when they must take time off to give birth, and then are forced to return to work prematurely or go without income. Enter the FAMILY Act.
In states where unions are strong, it is not uncommon to see posters and other materials related to the union located in company break rooms or other parts of the employer's property. Even in “right to work” states, where unions are less prominent, one can occasionally find such materials. But some employers resist, and would prefer not to have such materials on their property. So, is an employer required to allow union signs on company property?
If it is discovered in the course of an employment relationship that an employee is unjustly using a doctoral title, this alone does not justify dismissal.
Due compensation in case of termination of a definite-term and indefinite-term employment contract in accordance with the provisions of law 12 of 2003 and its amendments.
As an employer, one is often subject to a lot of liability and often from unexpected sources. Not only are there concerns about meeting payroll and keeping your business afloat, an employer must also ensure that all of its employees are properly qualified before hiring and adequately trained and supervised once employed. Otherwise, an employer could find itself liable to a third party for negligent hiring and retention. But what is negligent hiring and retention?
Under certain circumstances, standard provisions regarding agreed-upon notice periods for sales representatives may be inappropriate.
Although according to European Union reports, all Member States must deal with the regulation of bullying with top priority, the Romanian legislature has not included in the new Criminal Code provisions criminalizing bullying. The need of integration was stated in the Romanian doctrine to adjust legislation and regulation of moral harassment at work by making it consistent through all national laws and regulations.
Traditionally, one benefit of marriage was being able to share in a spouse's employment benefits, like health, vision, and dental insurance. Unfortunately, many same-sex couples have struggled for years to receive the same level of benefits and even the right to be married. With more and more jurisdictions recognizing same-sex marriages, are employers now required to provide same-sex couples with the same level of benefits as heterosexual couples?
The Securities and Exchange Commission has saved money to spend on it's whistleblower rewards program. It is likely that there will be larger rewards in the future as tips have increased recently.
Social media is everywhere today; from Facebook to Twitter to LinkedIn, it would be almost impossible for an employer not to have someone working for them that has some form of social media presence. While you might be able to keep an employee from updating their Facebook status from the office, can you do anything about what they say or do about you or your company on their social media in their own time? Indeed, can you fire someone for their social media complaints about work?
The United States has statutory minimum wage laws intended to ensure that even the least skilled of workers are able to earn enough money on which to live. As of July 2009, the federal minimum wage was set to $7.25 per hour, which equates to weekly earnings of just $290 per week (before taxes) for a full time job. However, many feel this number has not kept up with inflation and that this number is no longer a livable figure.
The Claim That Additional Pay Is Voluntary May Be Ineffective if There Is a Contractual Arrangement - Germany
If an employee is granted a Christmas bonus and the employer does so with the reservation that it is a voluntary benefit, this reservation may not hold under certain circumstances.
Every year, millions of Americans engage in office parties around the traditional holiday season. Sometimes these are at the boss's house, a country club, a nice restaurant, or even somewhere at the office itself. But, is the party considered a work function? Could there legally be a consequence for not attending, even if it is after hours? And, what happens if someone is injured, either at the party or on the way to or from it?
Millions of Americans have found themselves in this situation in the last few years: looking for work, they fill out an application only to find a portion asking for permission to run their credit report. Some refuse because they fear identity theft. Others lose the job, despite being otherwise qualified, because they have bad credit. So is it legal for an employer to ask to run your credit during a job interview?
Sutter Health decided to settle a whistleblower case before trial. The case involved allegations of double billing for anesthesia services at hospitals in California.
In United States v. Nosal, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals was asked to determine the boundaries of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), 18 U.S.C. § 1030. It ultimately concluded that violations of an employer's computer use policy did not amount to "exceeding authorized access" under the CFAA.
Many have been asked to sign non-compete agreements or thought they might be a good idea to protect their business interests when hiring someone. But, what do they do? How are they enforced? What legal requirements do they have to follow?
The new Egyptian Labor Law promulgated by law n°12 of 2003 favors employees. Some of its features are set forth in this article.
When dealing with an arrest or a criminal conviction, a lot of things may be on your mind. Being able to find a job may not be the first thing that comes to mind, but it can be a serious problem. Many employers will not even consider someone with an arrest, let alone a conviction. But is it legal for an employer to discriminate based on one's criminal background?
According to the California Franchise Tax Board, the state is owed more than 6.5 billion dollars in tax revenue. Some contend that implementation of a whistleblower rewards program could help to bring in some of that lost revenue.
Most people have seen the effects of affirmative action in one place or another. For example, most job and school applications now ask a person's racial and ethnic background, gender, and veteran status. But what is affirmative action really, and why was it created?
An all too common occurrence in the modern workplace is the sexual harassment. This can take many forms, like unwelcome sexual or romantic advances, sexual blackmail, offensive touching, discussions of intimate activities that make others uncomfortable, etc. While there are a number of laws to protect those who complain of such activities, what of those who are accused, particularly if the sexual harassment claim is determined to be unfounded or used as a means of embarrassment or retaliation?
A whistleblower recently spoke at a conference in Las Vegas to discuss her experiences. She was the compliance officer at a bank where gambling funds were processed. She cooperated with federal regulators and exposed the illegal operations at the bank.
It is often a coming of age event: getting that first job, usually to pay for something irresponsible like a sports car or a video game. But how old does one have to be to start working? How many hours can they work every day and week? Who gets to control the money (i.e., the child or the parents)?
An occupational disease is one that has been contracted as a direct result of a persons employment.
If your claim for Long Term Disability ("LTD") benefits has been denied or terminated, this article may answer some of your questions and concerns.
The Turkish Labor Law No. 4857 ('the Law') sets forth the procedures and the circumstances for termination of employment contracts of employees by employers. With the confines of the Law, two separate termination mechanisms, namely rightful (just) termination and termination based on justifiable cause are available.
In an ERISA disability lawsuit against Boston Mutual, Federal Judge upholds decision to deny Southside Machine Works employee’s long term disability benefits.
The usual avenue for employees seeking compensation is through a worker's comp claim. An exception to this is an intentional tort claim. This case examines a man suing a city for an assault he suffered while working for the city.
If you have seen something at work that must change, but your employer is unwilling to do anything about it, what can you do? Will you be protected or can your employer immediately terminate you? How much will you jeopardize your job by doing the right thing?
The Missouri workers’ compensation commission has made an unexpected decision by allowing a man to receive workers’ comp benefits. The man and his supervisor had gotten into a physical fight. The case was heard by the Commission in order to determine whether or not what happened constituted a workplace accident.
Legal provisions cannot be circumvented by acceleration clauses in employment contracts.
Under certain circumstances, standard provisions regarding agreed-upon notice periods for sales representatives may be inappropriate.
Having to go to court to prove a workers’ compensation claim is not ideal. Resolving the case through settlement or mediation is often preferred because of the expense and stress of going to court. However, in order to receive the compensation you are entitled to, sometimes taking your case to court is necessary.
Leaving a job, whether intentionally, by being fired, or through circumstances beyond your control (such as layoffs), is almost always tinged with at least a little (and often a lot) of stress. One of the biggest concerns faced by many in this position is what sorts of benefits they are entitled to? Will their insurance continue? Are they guaranteed a severance? What happens if they cannot immediately find a job?
California has moved one step closer to making its controversial workers’ compensation bill a reality. Earlier this month, the California Senate voted to pass the bill, which restricts most professional athletes playing for out-of-state teams from filing workers’ compensation claims in California. The bill is now awaiting the signature of Gov. Jerry Brown.
An employment relationship can be established regardless of whether a service contract was signed, even after contract work under instructions.
If an official working on call is entitled to compensatory time off, this also applies to his/her appointed substitute.
A former Abercrombie & Fitch employee has won a major discrimination case against the popular clothing company. Umme-Hani Khan, a 19 year old Muslim woman obtained the assistance of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
The driving expenses of flight crews between their home and their assigned airport can be deducted in full.
In Illinois, employers have a duty to their employees to provide a safe work environment that protects them for injury on the job. This is even more true where industrial equipment or manufacturing machines are in use. But, industrial workplaces like factories, energy plants and warehouses have a higher than average rate of injury and death for their workers.
Do you have a trouble employee that can never seem to make it to work when they are supposed to? Either they are always late or they are not there at all? How should you go about disciplining this employee, particularly if you have let it slide in the past? Is there any risk to firing someone for claiming too much sick time (even if they are entitled to those days under the terms of their employment)?
Employment Relationship with Transferred Employee Despite Transfer Agreement – Employment Law - Germany
An employment relationship with the host business can be assumed under certain circumstances despite any transfer agreement.
Establishment of an Employment Relationship after Longstanding Deployment of External Employees - Germany
Irrespective of any contract to produce a work, an employment relationship can emerge even in the case of external employees deployed and bound by instructions if integrated into the business.
A "whistleblower" is someone who reports a violation of the law by his or her employer. The violation may be against the reporting employee, as with sexual harassment claims, or may be a general violation like illegally polluting, securities violations, etc. While the law is supposed to protect people for doing the right thing, often whistleblowers are fired after reporting the inappropriate situation. So what should you do if you have been fired after blowing the whistle?
Maternity leave (also referred as parental leave, paternity or adoption leave) is a form of an employee benefit that provides paid or unpaid time-off from work for the purposes childbirth or child welfare. Maternity leave is guaranteed mostly by the constitutions or by statutory regulations in all EU states including Poland, as well as in Turkey. This brief information note aims to summarize the systems in Turkey and in Poland.
Sexual harassment is usually defined by Courts and employers using the definition of sexual harassment contained in the guidelines of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). This language has also formed the basis for most state laws prohibiting sexual harassment. The guidelines define sexual harassment as:
Employment law can be confusing and it can be difficult to learn what your rights are and what you are entitled to. When an employer does not pay for something (whether regular wages, overtime, tip splitting, reimbursements, or something else) it can be very frightening and confusing. Is the employer right? Should I even bother fighting? This is a list of ten workplace violations that employees should be aware of and for which legal help may be available:
The quick answer is everyone is protected from employment discrimination. But, more specifically, who are the protected classes? Which businesses are subject to employment discrimination standards? What constitutes discrimination?
Illinois workers' compensation laws allow employees who are injured in the course of their work on a job to seek payment from their employer's workers' compensation insurance carrier for their injuries. If you believe you have a workers' compensation claim, you should try to gain a basic understanding of laws dealing with workers' compensation in Illinois.
Contractual Forfeiture Clause Does Not Lead to the Exclusion of Liability for Deliberate Acts - Germany
A contractual forfeiture clause included in an employment contract may not necessarily apply in the case of already legally regulated cases.
In determining the valid grounds of immediate termination of a Managing Director, the knowledge available to the parties in regards to the reasons for making the termination effective are decisive.