Employment Law Articles
Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Employment.
On December 4th the Official Gazette published Law 1/2014 amending the Capital Companies Act to implement corporate governance modifications. This reform is based on the Report of the Committee of Experts submitted to the Council of Ministers on the 23rd of May 2014.
A tax lawyer who worked at the Vanguard Group in Malvern, New York, was terminated from his position after consistently warning his employer that they were considerably underpaying on its taxes. The unlawful practices resulted in Vanguard cheating the US Government out of more than a billion dollars throughout the last several years. Some of the money saved from the illegal tax practices was used to enhance bosses’ salaries.
What employers must know with regards to keeping documentation in H1-B and Labor Certification matters.
Back injuries including herniated discs, strained muscles, pulled or torn ligaments and disc degeneration are the most common work injuries among healthcare workers. Nurses, nursing aids, orderlies, attendants, laundry workers, kitchen workers and environmental services in the healthcare field can suffer from back injuries caused by everyday tasks or workplace accidents.
Why does the workers' compensation insurance company get money back from my negligence lawsuit?
In a major victory for injured municipal employees in Philadelphia, a Pennsylvania appellate court recently blocked the city’s attempt to obtain a portion of an injured worker’s personal injury lawsuit recovery. This decision allowed the injured worker, a Philadelphia police officer, to keep the full amount of the injury benefits he received under the Heart and Lung Act and the full recovery from his lawsuit award.
Savings of up to €48 million thanks to new rules for cross-border judgments.
As a result of changes to sexual abuse laws in California and a more liberal statute of limitations, attorneys in California now have a greater chance to pursue perpetrators of sexual abuse and obtain justice for their victims. Thanks in part to greater public awareness of the problem, recent reports in the news, and more women willing to come forward after being abused, a greater number of abuse and molestation victims can at last obtain some measure of justice for the trauma they’ve endured.
Provisions on company regulation is stipulated under Article 108 until Article 115 Law Number 13 of 2003 on Employment (“Law No.13/ 2003”) and Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration Regulation Number PER.16/MEN/XI/2011 on Procedures for the Establishment and Legalization of Company Regulation and Procedure for the Establishment and Registration of Collective Labor Agreement (“MOMTR 16/2011”).
The Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation Act provides for different standards and evidence required to prove psychological injuries, as compared to physical injuries. The most common type of work injury claim involves a physical to part of the body, caused by a physical event – such as by falling or lifting something.
A whistle blower complaint filed by an Office Depot employee has resulted in a large settlement for the state of California.
If you are facing a felony conviction, the lasting effects on your career can endure for much longer than any time that you receive. Being convicted of a felony can have some of the following severe ramifications on your career.
In the latter part of 2012, the Ohio legislature passed Senate Bill 337, providing tort liability protection for businesses choosing to hire rehabilitated ex-criminals. According to Senate Bill 337 (now codified as Ohio Revised Code Section 2953.25), if an Ohio business hires a job applicant who possesses a Certification of Qualification for Employment (CQE), then the business is entitled to immunity from negligent hiring claims.
Defining and discussing three of the most important and commonly misunderstood terms in California employment law - wrongful termination, discrimination, and harassment/hostile work environment.
In 2004, a Harvard University study found that of 168 countries surveyed, 163 had some form of government mandated maternity leave pay. The United States was not one of them. As a result, millions of American women suffer crippling economic hardships when they must take time off to give birth, and then are forced to return to work prematurely or go without income. Enter the FAMILY Act.
In states where unions are strong, it is not uncommon to see posters and other materials related to the union located in company break rooms or other parts of the employer's property. Even in “right to work” states, where unions are less prominent, one can occasionally find such materials. But some employers resist, and would prefer not to have such materials on their property. So, is an employer required to allow union signs on company property?
Earlier this year, HB5701, the Job Opportunities for Qualified Applicants Act, was passed and signed into law in Illinois. This law is more colloquially known as the Ban the Box law and presents Illinois job applicants with greater opportunities to secure employment. Similar laws are becoming popular throughout the United States. Currently, 12 states have statewide Ban the Box laws and 19 states contain at least one city or county with this type of law.
My clients are often surprised to learn that even after devoting many years of loyalty to a company, that he or she is subject to termination, even after suffering a work related injury.
As an employer, one is often subject to a lot of liability and often from unexpected sources. Not only are there concerns about meeting payroll and keeping your business afloat, an employer must also ensure that all of its employees are properly qualified before hiring and adequately trained and supervised once employed. Otherwise, an employer could find itself liable to a third party for negligent hiring and retention. But what is negligent hiring and retention?
Included in the Draft Tax Reform of Income Tax Law for Non-residents is a significant modifying rule that could be described as a "second chance" to allow those non-residents who have not declared foreign pensions received to rectify the situation.
Traditionally, one benefit of marriage was being able to share in a spouse's employment benefits, like health, vision, and dental insurance. Unfortunately, many same-sex couples have struggled for years to receive the same level of benefits and even the right to be married. With more and more jurisdictions recognizing same-sex marriages, are employers now required to provide same-sex couples with the same level of benefits as heterosexual couples?
In order to entice talented individuals to work for them and to retain qualified staff, some employers offer fringe benefits and other perks to employees. Knowing about fringe benefits can help employees and employers have a better understanding of what a new or existing job provides in the way of benefits.
Social media is everywhere today; from Facebook to Twitter to LinkedIn, it would be almost impossible for an employer not to have someone working for them that has some form of social media presence. While you might be able to keep an employee from updating their Facebook status from the office, can you do anything about what they say or do about you or your company on their social media in their own time? Indeed, can you fire someone for their social media complaints about work?
By LPA Law Firm
Legislative framework and general principles in Albania.
The United States has statutory minimum wage laws intended to ensure that even the least skilled of workers are able to earn enough money on which to live. As of July 2009, the federal minimum wage was set to $7.25 per hour, which equates to weekly earnings of just $290 per week (before taxes) for a full time job. However, many feel this number has not kept up with inflation and that this number is no longer a livable figure.
Every year, millions of Americans engage in office parties around the traditional holiday season. Sometimes these are at the boss's house, a country club, a nice restaurant, or even somewhere at the office itself. But, is the party considered a work function? Could there legally be a consequence for not attending, even if it is after hours? And, what happens if someone is injured, either at the party or on the way to or from it?
Millions of Americans have found themselves in this situation in the last few years: looking for work, they fill out an application only to find a portion asking for permission to run their credit report. Some refuse because they fear identity theft. Others lose the job, despite being otherwise qualified, because they have bad credit. So is it legal for an employer to ask to run your credit during a job interview?
Senior citizens have been given certain unnecessary drug testing in a Medicare fraud scheme.
Employees are eligible for Gratuity at the end of completing a full years of service. This gratuity is calculated as 21 days of salary. Salary in this case excludes any allowances for housing or car etc and considers the basic salary of the employee.
While other countries may require the losing side to pay both sets of attorneys’ fees, in the United States, this is not usually the rule. Requiring the losing side to pay all attorneys’ fees and costs may serve as a deterrent for individuals to access the court system for justice and works against public policy.
Many have been asked to sign non-compete agreements or thought they might be a good idea to protect their business interests when hiring someone. But, what do they do? How are they enforced? What legal requirements do they have to follow?
When discussing unlawful conduct or illegal activities in relation to employment, most people will think of improper or wrongful conduct of employer eg. discrimination or harassment.
Individuals who have been convicted of a felony often experience difficulty in securing employment because many employers choose not to hire them. Just as employers may have policies in place that may result in termination upon the conviction of a felony, they may also have policies that weigh against hiring convicted felons. However, a series of laws may prevent an employer from having a blanket policy against discriminating against employees who have been convicted of a felony.
As part of exploration operations of multinational companies, wet lease agreements are gaining more importance especially in oil and gas industry and foreign carriers who takes part in such operations are still not clear about either their employees require work permit or not, in cases where they entered into a subcontractor and wet lease agreement with Turkish air carriers for air transport works to be conducted under exploration operations.
When dealing with an arrest or a criminal conviction, a lot of things may be on your mind. Being able to find a job may not be the first thing that comes to mind, but it can be a serious problem. Many employers will not even consider someone with an arrest, let alone a conviction. But is it legal for an employer to discriminate based on one's criminal background?
Most people have seen the effects of affirmative action in one place or another. For example, most job and school applications now ask a person's racial and ethnic background, gender, and veteran status. But what is affirmative action really, and why was it created?
A large part of our judgment collection law practice is collection of labor awards, or more specifically enforcement labor judgments. Essentially, these result when an employer fails to properly pay an employee for wages, overtime pay, or otherwise violates California labor laws.
An all too common occurrence in the modern workplace is the sexual harassment. This can take many forms, like unwelcome sexual or romantic advances, sexual blackmail, offensive touching, discussions of intimate activities that make others uncomfortable, etc. While there are a number of laws to protect those who complain of such activities, what of those who are accused, particularly if the sexual harassment claim is determined to be unfounded or used as a means of embarrassment or retaliation?
The Securities & Exchange Commission's whistleblower program is proving itself to be a force to be reckoned with.
The New York State Workers' Compensation Law provides for indemnity and medical benefits if a claim is found to be work related. One of the more controversial aspects of a work related claim occurs when an injured worker alleges stress, anxiety or depression as a result of employment.
It is often a coming of age event: getting that first job, usually to pay for something irresponsible like a sports car or a video game. But how old does one have to be to start working? How many hours can they work every day and week? Who gets to control the money (i.e., the child or the parents)?
As Turkey maintains economic stability and growth for almost five years, the confidence of the foreign investors raised and new direct investments are executed more often. In this context employee related issues are of consideration to foreign investors and significance of the Turkish Labor Code (‘TLC’) elevate accordingly. Therefore we would like to briefly inform foreign investors regarding the precautions that shall be thought over while hiring and firing employees in Turkey.
An oft-repeated business mantra is “be slow to hire and quick to fire”. Unfortunately, what many managers do not realise is that a “quick to fire” approach also carries significant risks, especially in Malaysia, which does not adopt the principle of “at-will” employment. Trigger happy employers may soon find themselves at the wrong end of a lawsuit if they don’t take the appropriate steps and precautions prior to making the decision to terminate an employee.
Since last 10 years the financial developments and the promising financial and technological progresses notably in energy, tourism and infrastructure sectors have attracted the foreign investors' interest.
When the business faces a cash flow problem, many business owners use the payroll taxes collected but not yet turned over to the IRS.
If you have seen something at work that must change, but your employer is unwilling to do anything about it, what can you do? Will you be protected or can your employer immediately terminate you? How much will you jeopardize your job by doing the right thing?
Recently, a whistleblower failure-of-care claim was settled against a nursing home chain for $38 million. Even nursing home abuse can be stopped with whistleblowing.
Whistleblowers don't normally report fraud for financial gain - they report it because they've been wrongfully retaliated against.
The State of California enacted a workers' compensation system to provide benefits on a no-fault basis for those who sustain injury arising our of and in the course of employment. However, there are circumstances where workers' compensation is not available.
The Securities Exchange Commission has investigated over 686 whistleblower cases in this year alone - the highest amount since 2011.
The California Legislature enacted specific provisions of the Labor Code to create a higher threshold of compensability for psychiatric injury under workers' compensation law.
When whistleblowers report fraud within hospitals and pharmaceutical companies, they may also unknowingly stop risky medical practices.
Literal meaning of severance or gratuity is a favor or gift, usually in the form of money, given in return for service. In other words a sum of money offered to certain service sector workers for a service they performed or anticipated.
It may seem to run contrary to common sense, but it is possible to collect both workers' compensation and unemployment benefits. However, an injured worker should be aware of the limitations of each program.
A record amount of $30 million was awarded to an overseas whistleblower for providing key information to detect an ongoing fraud.
Leaving a job, whether intentionally, by being fired, or through circumstances beyond your control (such as layoffs), is almost always tinged with at least a little (and often a lot) of stress. One of the biggest concerns faced by many in this position is what sorts of benefits they are entitled to? Will their insurance continue? Are they guaranteed a severance? What happens if they cannot immediately find a job?
Seven whistleblower suits against Community Health Systems and associated entities was settled in August for $98 million.
The California Family Rights Act was created to protect employees going on leave as a result of the following circumstances: childbirth; placement of a child in the employee's family for adoption; for the serious health condition of the employee's child, parent or spouse; and for the employee's serious health condition.
Attorney General Holder proposes an increased cap for awards to Wall Street whistleblowers.
Iowa limits the benefits you can receive if injured on the job to specific categories of benefits.
Sharing inside knowledge, trader sounds the alarm on behavior that could put ‘everyday investors’ at an unfair disadvantage
Amendments to the IRS whistleblower program as of August 12, 2014.
Most of the foreigners trying to work in the United States. H1B visa is a non immigrant visa, but five immigrant visas allow foreigners to work in the United States and also get many immigration benefits through these EB visas. 1,40,000 visas allocated for every fiscal year. Highly skilled professionals, research professionals, professors and who has extraordinary abilities they can get higher priority
On July 1, 2014, several new labor laws took effect that make significant changes in important categories such as minimum wage, paid family leave and background checks in the state of California that you need to know about.
Whistleblowers now have up to five years to report fraud, abuse or waste.
The determination of whether an injured worker is an independent contractor or an employee involves a variety of tests and factors. The ultimate decision is critical, as it can determine whether benefits under the New York State Workers' Compensation Law are payable by the employer.
In Hong Kong, under the common law doctrine of privity of contract, a person cannot acquire and enforce rights in a contract to which he is not a party nor can he be made liable under that contract. Therefore, only those who signed a contract are entitled to sue or be sued on it.
You are legally entitled to receive the wages promised to you. Additionally, you may be entitled to additional benefits and penalties if your employer refuses to pay you in violation of local or state law. If you have not received your pay, the following courses of action may be available to you to help recover your wages.
A former Abercrombie & Fitch employee has won a major discrimination case against the popular clothing company. Umme-Hani Khan, a 19 year old Muslim woman obtained the assistance of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
If you are a victim of wrongful termination, you may have a case against your former employer. A successful lawsuit may mean that you have the right to recover back pay, statutory damages and expenses that you incurred to find another job.
Whistleblower Janet Keyzer awarded $730,000 after being wrongfully terminated for reporting unethical research methods used at UC Davis.
The statute of limitations provides a time limit in which a plaintiff can bring a lawsuit without it being time barred by the court. With few exceptions, if this time limit passes, the plaintiff will be forever barred from bringing the suit. Like other types of claims, there is usually an applicable statute of limitations.
In Illinois, employers have a duty to their employees to provide a safe work environment that protects them for injury on the job. This is even more true where industrial equipment or manufacturing machines are in use. But, industrial workplaces like factories, energy plants and warehouses have a higher than average rate of injury and death for their workers.
Can an employer retaliate when a worker files an OSHA complaint or files for workers’ compensation benefits?
The compensation structure is the most interesting thing in a group medical practice (at least for me). In this article I offer a few compensation structures for your consideration. Read on, friend, if eat-what-you-kill sounds like your cup of tea.
Whistleblowers brought two False Claims Act lawsuits for Medicare fraud against UnitedHealth Group, Inc. the first in 2011 and the second in 2014. The U.S. Department of Justice joins these whistleblower lawsuits against UnitedHealth Group, Inc. for Medicare fraud.
Age discrimination is an employment issue that is commonplace in Los Angeles, California. It involves subjecting an employee who is 40 years of age or older to discriminatory actions in any aspect of his or her employment, from hiring to termination. But like any other form of discrimination in the workplace, it is considered illegal under prevailing federal and state laws.
Do you have a trouble employee that can never seem to make it to work when they are supposed to? Either they are always late or they are not there at all? How should you go about disciplining this employee, particularly if you have let it slide in the past? Is there any risk to firing someone for claiming too much sick time (even if they are entitled to those days under the terms of their employment)?
An amendment to our laws, now makes it illegal for employers to discriminate against transgender individuals, on grounds of sex. Prior to August 2014, the law only made reference to sexual orientation, without specific reference to those who underwent gender reassignment.
An employee injured in New York State will likely have to decide whether to retain a workers' compensation lawyer to assist in the claim. For a myriad of reasons, more often than not it makes sense to secure the services of an experienced attorney.
Each year thousands of U.S. workers die and millions more are injured in workplace accidents. In fact, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there were 4,383 fatal work accidents and 3.7 million nonfatal work injuries in 2012.
A "whistleblower" is someone who reports a violation of the law by his or her employer. The violation may be against the reporting employee, as with sexual harassment claims, or may be a general violation like illegally polluting, securities violations, etc. While the law is supposed to protect people for doing the right thing, often whistleblowers are fired after reporting the inappropriate situation. So what should you do if you have been fired after blowing the whistle?
This article discusses the question which is frequently posed wether a forein company can employ workers in Belgium.
Abuse of sick leave entitlements is not a new issue in Malaysia. Employers and employees alike should ensure they are fully educated on the laws surrounding sick leave entitlements.
Sexual harassment is usually defined by Courts and employers using the definition of sexual harassment contained in the guidelines of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). This language has also formed the basis for most state laws prohibiting sexual harassment. The guidelines define sexual harassment as:
The Malaysian Personal Data Protection Act 2010 (“the Act”) came into force on 15 November 2013. With it, businesses in Malaysia are now faced with additional responsibilities and requirements when it comes to dealing with personal data of their employees, suppliers, and customers. This article summarizes the key issues to note under the Act.
A guide for both employees and employers in Philippine Labor setting concerning payment of separation pay.
Employment law can be confusing and it can be difficult to learn what your rights are and what you are entitled to. When an employer does not pay for something (whether regular wages, overtime, tip splitting, reimbursements, or something else) it can be very frightening and confusing. Is the employer right? Should I even bother fighting? This is a list of ten workplace violations that employees should be aware of and for which legal help may be available:
The quick answer is everyone is protected from employment discrimination. But, more specifically, who are the protected classes? Which businesses are subject to employment discrimination standards? What constitutes discrimination?
Illinois workers' compensation laws allow employees who are injured in the course of their work on a job to seek payment from their employer's workers' compensation insurance carrier for their injuries. If you believe you have a workers' compensation claim, you should try to gain a basic understanding of laws dealing with workers' compensation in Illinois.
It is common knowledge that lawsuits brought by current or former employees are generally bad for an employer’s business. Employee lawsuits not only disrupt the daily operations within the company or organization, but they also are extremely costly to defend.
Retaliation takes place when an adverse action is taken against an employee for filing a complaint of discrimination or assisting another employee in his or her complaint of workplace discrimination.
The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (“FMLA”) provides up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave to an eligible employee for his or her own serious health condition or the serious health condition or military service of a family member.[i]
Fourth Circuit Broadens Definition of Disability Under the ADAAA to Include Temporary Impairments - Article on a recent decision by the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals on a disability discrimination case and the interpretation of what types of temporary impairments constitute a "disability" under the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA").
Labour law is a wide field that features many pitfalls. Of particular importance is, for example, the conclusion of the employment contract as well as termination giving due notice.
The New York State Workers' Compensation Law is, in essence, a form of social insurance. The intent of the compensation statute is clear: protect and compensate employees injured at work.
Executive employees and management personnel occupy central positions in firms and are therefore subject to different legal conditions. This has implications for the employment contract and termination.
By Bighorn Law
Many employees have to sign "non-compete" agreements, often as a clause in initial hiring paperwork. Such clauses can throw a wrench in the hunt for new employment, and can cause you to be terminated from your new job. Here's what you need to know.
In California, the general rule is that employment is “at will” and therefore employers may terminate employees at any time and even for no reason. However, many employers fail to realize that an employee cannot be terminated for illegal reasons pursuant to applicable federal and state employment laws. In particular, California employers are prohibited from discharging employees because of their inclusion in a protected class.