Employment Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Employment.


Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) in Egypt

Legal process outsourcing is the process of obtaining legal support in different areas of practice from an outside law firm or legal support services company. The LPO system, according to a survey conducted by evalue survey is considered one of the fastest growing industries in the knowledge of process outsourcing (KPO).

The First Thing You Should Do when You Are Injured at Work

Companies throughout different states provide workers compensation benefits for injured workers. This is a way of protecting workers rights, as designed by state law.

Boy Scouts’ Employment Policies

The office of the New York State Attorney General has opened an investigation into the Boy Scouts of America to determine if the organization’s hiring policies discriminate against gays.

How to File an Unpaid Wage Claim

  By HG.org
Individuals who have not received the money that they are due for the work that they have already completed may choose to pursue an unpaid wage claim. This process may be completed through a state agency or a private cause of action.

Pregnancy Is a Protected Class Under The California Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA)

Sex discrimination and harassment are prohibited in the California workplace under the Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA).

Restaurant Workers Were Denied Breaks; Company Pays $1.7 Million to Settle Wage and Overtime Complaints

Staffers weren’t compensated for missed rest and meal periods.

Discrimination Lawsuit Against Abercrombie & Fitch

In a vote of eight to one, the Supreme Court allowed Samantha Elauf to sue Abercrombie & Fitch for employment discrimination after the company would not hire her because she wore a traditional head scarf, or hijab.

Age Discrimination in the Workplace

Employers often depend on their seasoned employees to train and guide newcomers about the specifics of a job.

How Can I Win an Age Discrimination Lawsuit

  By HG.org
As baby boomers represent a higher number of paid employees, the number of age discrimination complaints filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Between the years 1997 and 2007, approximately 16,000 to 19,000 complaints were filed a year. However, the number grew from 23,000 to 25,000 since 2008.

Risk Of Traumatic Brain Injuries On The Job

Traumatic brain injuries, also known as TBIs, are a serious public health issue in the United States.

American Wage and Hour Laws

  By HG.org
When it comes to fights with one’s employer, things can be pretty one-sided. Many employees do not know how to fight unfair pay or labor standards, and are afraid to do much for fear of losing their job. So, what are some American wage and hour laws, and how can you go about enforcing them?

Can Your Boss Ask You if You’re Pregnant? Your Rights Under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act

Woman who was suspected of being pregnant was forced off the job.

Which Groups of People Are Protected from Employment Discrimination?

  By HG.org
Not all forms of discrimination or harassment are illegal. Simply because a person is singled out because his or her boss does not like him or her, this does not mean that the person has an actionable claim. Instead, the individual must be considered part of a protected class by state or federal law. Additionally, the discriminatory or harassing conduct must be because of membership in this protected class.

What Questions Must an Employer Avoid Asking During an Interview?

  By HG.org
Everyday, millions of Americans go on interviews, and everyday employers walk through a legal minefield of potentially dangerous questions. While some of the questions may seem harmless and intended solely to get to know the interviewee, they could actually open the company up to liability for various types of discrimination should that individual not receive an offer for the position.

Engagement of Foreign Workers: Work Permits and Visas in Kazakhstan

  By Integrites
Under the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the work of foreign employees in Kazakhstan requires in certain instances a work permit and a work visa.

Does Your Boss Have to Have a Reason to Fire You?

What at-will employment means in Pennsylvania.

Workers' Compensation Programs are Failing Injured Workers

According to two reports recently released by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and ProPublica, injuries occurring in the workplace are costing Americans more and more money.

Financial Worth of Amputation Injury Varies by State

There are numerous circumstances in which a worker could lose a limb in a workplace accident.

Employment and Labour Law: Kazakhstan

Labour relationships in Kazakhstan are governed not only by the provisions of the Labour Code of Kazakhstan, but also by special legislative acts (on civil service, on internal affairs authorities, etc.).

Flaws with Pennsylvania Workers' Compensation System

There are some inherent problems within the Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation system.

Are Non-Compete Agreements Really Enforceable? What You Need to Know

The courts look at three criteria.

Workplace Sexual Harassment As Defined by the Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA)

One of the most common forms of workplace harassment in California takes the form of sexual harassment. Like any other form of harassment, it is prohibited in the workplace pursuant to the California Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA). Sexual harassment is defined as any unwanted sexual advances and offensive behavior that are sexual in nature.

Company on the Hook for $1.5 Million after Ignoring Sexual Harassment

Terminated employees sued for retaliation

Deadly Explosion at a Metal Production Plant

An explosion at a metal production plant with a history of safety violations has been ruled an accident by local police.

OSHA Seeks Fines Following Roofer's Electrocution Death

A Pennsylvania remodeling company is being fined after one of their workers was fatally electrocuted on the job last September.

Are There Any Protections for Transgender Employees?

  By HG.org
For decades, the federal Employment Non-Discrimination Act has failed to pass, which would sweeping protections to members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities in the workforce. Without this law, transgender employees do have some protections, but not as many as people who have been traditionally protected under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

How Does Workers’ Compensation Work?

  By HG.org
Injured employees across the country are able to receive medical treatment and have a portion of their wages replaced after being injured in a work-related accident or becoming ill on the job through the workers’ compensation program. Employers and employees both have a number of responsibilities under the program.

Federal Labor Laws

  By HG.org
Employees in the United States are protected by a number of key regulations. In addition to any laws on the state level, employees are also protected by more than 180 federal laws administered by the Department of Labor alone. Here are some of the more common forms of protection.

Philadelphia Enacts Paid Sick Leave Ordinance

On May 13, 2015, workers in Philadelphia may begin to acquire paid sick leave hours under the “Promoting Healthy Families and Workplaces” Ordinance. Philadelphia becomes the 17th major city to pass a paid sick leave law.

Man Fired for 'Performance Issues' After Being Told He Was 'Too Old' to Do His Job

Company claimed staffer was insubordinate.

Fast Food Restaurant's Unsafe Practices

The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has received new complaints filed against nine company-owned McDonald’s and 19 McDonald’s franchises that allege a variety of unsafe work practices.

Investment Risks in Kazakhstan

Investors from different countries are continuing to establish their offices in Kazakhstan and many companies are willing to do business here. The rate of success stories for investors in Kazakhstan is good enough. However, there is always something new and unexpected when a foreign investor starts its business in an unknown country.

Chiropractic Care in the Workplace

On-site wellness and chiropractic care is a growing trend being embraced by many companies across the U.S.

Title VII Protections for Volunteers

For as long as it has existed, American society has relied upon and revered the work of volunteers.

5 Reasons Why Your Company Needs an Employee Email Policy

Email is the number one usage of the Internet both at home and at work. While you don’t need to concern yourself with your employees’ personal email, you do need to take proper precautions when it comes to emailing at work.

Thailand Business Structures Incorporation

Most businesses are looking to Incorporate a Company in Thailand but do not meet the initial requirements. Below is a list of items to consider before you proceed to set up a company in Thailand.

Nationwide Decrease in Workers' Compensation Benefits

Cuts to Workers’ Compensation benefits across the nation have left many employees who have been seriously injured at work struggling to make ends meet.

Did Company Have Different Pay Scale for Hispanic Employees?

Workers collect $6.5 million after settlement of class-action suit.

Posted Workers’ Rights and Working Conditions

According to the EU Legislation, a posted worker is a person who, on behalf of the employer, is sent for a limited period of time to carry out his/her work in the territory of an EU Member State (i.e.: “host” State) other than the State in which s/he normally works (i.e.: “posting” State).

Does the ‘Little Guy’ Stand a Chance in Court When His Employer Has Deep Pockets?

Company viciously went after ex-staffer who sued after being fired

The Importance of Non-compete and Non-solicitation Provisions in Your Employment Agreements

Reasons to consider non-compete and non-solicitation agreements.

What Protections Does The Americans with Disabilities Act Provide?

  By HG.org
The Americans with Disabilities Act was passed to help the United States benefit from the skills and talents of individuals who happen to have disabilities. It strives to break down barriers individuals with disabilities experienced regarding employment, public accommodations, public services, transportation and telecommunications.

Most Costly Workplace Injuries

For the past 15 years, Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety has produced an annual safety index listing the top ten causes of serious, non-fatal workplace injuries.

Work Injuries in Bus Drivers

According to the American Public Transportation Association there were an estimated 5,780 work injuries in 2013 suffered by state and local government transit and intercity bus drivers.

Walmart Sued For Denying Health Benefits to Same Sex Couple

Walmart may be known as America’s place to shop, but it certainly won’t receive positive press if it becomes known as America’s discriminatory employer.

Working After You Clock Out? What You Need to Know About the FLSA

Employees sued to get paid for time going through security. An employee clocks out but he’s not allowed to leave until he removes and stows his protective gear. Twenty minutes later, he’s finally cleared to head to the parking lot.

€35,000 awarded for Unfair Dismissal and Discrimination in Malta

Recently the Court of Appeal confirmed a compensatory sum awarded by the Industrial Tribunal to a British High Commission employee for unfair dismissal and discrimination.

Can You Be Fired for Talking about Your Salary?

What the law says about employees' rights to discuss compensation.

Mitigation of Damages in Employment Case in California

As a general rule, civil law strives to make an injured party whole, no more and no less. Courts will reduce an award of damages where they determine that the plaintiff failed to take basic steps after the injury to minimize the harm suffered. This responsibility borne by the plaintiff is commonly known as the duty to mitigate damages, and it is a fundamental issue in any claim for wrongful termination.

Can You be Fired for Taking FMLA Leave to Care for a Sick Parent?

Employee was terminated for not meeting sales quotas during leave of absence.

How Disability Attorneys Handle Social Security Claims

  By HG.org
While every disability law firm handles cases slightly differently, there are many similarities between the firms. Here is an overview of how a disability attorney handles Social Security claims.

Drug Use at Work

According to the latest Quest Diagnostics report, drug use in the workplace has increased over the past year.

Overview of Turkish Labour Code and Employment in Turkey

Employment laws in Turkey apply to Turkish nationals and foreign nationals alike. In addition, special provisions exist which regulate the employment and residence permits of foreign nationals who intend to work in Turkey.

Employee vs. Independent Contractor Status

When an employee is hired by an employer, they agree to abide by the employer’s job description, expectations, schedule, method of payment, and benefits package.

Is the Person Working For Your Business an Independent Contractor or Employee?

Independent contractors and employees are not the same, and it’s important to understand the difference. Knowing this distinction will help you determine what your first hiring move will be and affect how you withhold a variety of taxes and avoid costly legal consequences.

Small Business Owners: Five Ways You May Be Breaking Employment Law Without Knowing It

Breaking Employment law? You may be a great employer, but you may be breaking employment law without even knowing you’re doing it. It’s pretty easy, as a business owner and an employer, to accidentally break the law. Here are five ways it can happen.

What To Expect at a Workers' Compensation Trial

If your workers' compensation case is in dispute, your case may need to resolved through a workers' compensation trial.

EEOC Updates Enforcement Guidance for Pregnant Employment

Pregnancy is considered a temporary disability under the law. Employers must provide equal benefits and treatment to pregnant employees as they do with employees who have other types of temporary disabilities.

Healthcare Employees at Risk of Injury

Several investigations into workplace injuries of nurses and orderlies reveal a large number of career ending injuries.

Do You Qualify for Protection Under the ADA? 3 Questions to Ask

What the law does and doesn’t say about disabilities.

Can an Employer Fire/Not Hire Me for Failing a Physical?

  By HG.org
Many employers use a variety of pre-employment tests to help find qualified employees. However, some strategies may be illegal if the test is targeted to weed out individuals with disabilities.

Mental Health Injuries Resulting from on the Job Injuries

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently released a study that discusses how mental health issues are related to work site physical injuries.

Walmart Worker Urges Disclosure of Gender Pay Information

In an effort to ensure pay equality at Walmart, an employee and shareholder of the company is urging disclosure of gender wage information by the retailer.

If You See Your Company Polluting, Who Do You Call?

  By HG.org
It is a sad fact, but every day thousands of companies around the world violate laws designed to protect the environment in order to cut costs and increase profits. If you suspect your company is doing so, or if you have witnessed the pollution yourself, you may be wondering what you can do to prevent it and whether there are any laws in place to protect you from the company's wrath after you do so.

Frequently Asked Questions about Unfair Dismissal in Malaysia

While many people may be familiar with the term "unfair dismissal" or "wrongful termination", the concept of unfair dismissal in Malaysia not as straightforward as it appears. This article hopes to address some of the more frequently asked questions about the law and procedure relating to unfair dismissal claims in Malaysia.

How Can I Ensure that I Receive Fair Pay as a Woman?

  By HG.org
Historically, women have earned less than their male counterparts. Nationally, women make about 78 cents on the dollar that each man earns for the same job. However, a variety of laws have been passed to help ensure women of fair pay. Here is an overview of those laws and the steps you can take to ensure that you, as an employee, are receiving a fair rate of pay.

Labor Commissions in Saudi Arabia

The labor Law in Saudi Arabia is a balanced law that regulates all aspects of labor relations between workers and employees and applicable to all Saudi and Non-Saudi workers without discrimination. Respecting the laws and compliance with their provisions enhances labor relations stability and acts as a key for progress and development.

Government Regulation to Simplify Employers' Posting and Communication Obligations in France

Efforts underway to reduce the administrative complexities that companies in France face when meeting their obligations as employers.

Constructive Dismissal Goes Fast

New law allows employees to refer directly the adjudication panel.

Can the Employer Change Salaries?

Unilateral change of salary is still regarded as a breach albeit not a serious one.

In Search of Buyers for French Businesses

Employers in France must now review their procedures on seeking buyers for French businesses.

Gender Equality at Home to Promote Equality in the Work Place?

The recent law of August 4th 2014 is trying to promote gender equality by inducing fathers to take a parental leave.

Termination by Mutual Agreement Remains Trendy - France

This article looks at the ongoing popularity of terminations by mutual agreement in France.

Business Secret - France

This article looks at the possibility of a draft law on the business secret issue in France.

Sunday shopping: London 1 – Paris (Almost) 1

This article looks at the recent draft law on Sunday trading.

Work Injury to Co-op Teenager

The U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recently released its findings in regards to the injury of a teenage worker last summer. The Delaware teen suffered a severe head injury when he fell one story on a construction site. The teen was employed by Reybold Homes Inc. as part of a co-op program.

Healthcare Workers and Workplace Injuries

Healthcare workers have very physical jobs. Lifting and assisting patients requires strength and stamina. Moreover, stretching, reaching, and pushing patients on beds up and down hallways and ramps often results in workplace injuries to healthcare workers.

New Mandatory Sick Time Leave in Philadelphia

New legislation requiring Philadelphia employers to offer paid sick time for many employees was approved by City Council and signed into law by Mayor Nutter last week.

Costco's Harrassment Policy May Have Created a Binding Contract

Nearly all employment handbooks that are issued to employees upon hiring include anti-harassment policies that conform to federal and state laws.

Can I Get Workers’ Compensation for a Mental Condition Caused or Suffered at Work?

Mental injuries fall into three categories: Mental-Physical, Physical Mental and Mental-Mental.

When and Why was Workers' Compensation Created

The Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation Act was enacted in 1915. Before this law, individuals severely disabled by injuries suffered while at work needed to prove a “negligence” claim against their employer to be entitled to any type of compensation.

Delaware County Workers' Compensation Lawyers Discuss Impairment Rating Evaluation

An Impairment Rating Evaluation (IRE) is a type of medical examination requested by a workers’ compensation insurance company, for the sole purpose of limiting the length of time they may be required to pay benefits.

Employee vs. Independent Contractor

One of the most important issues in workers’ compensation law involves whether an individual worker is an employee (who may be entitled to workers’ compensation benefits) or an independent contractor (who is not entitled to workers’ compensation benefits.)

Mandatory Sick Pay in Philadelphia

A crowd of workers cheered last week at City Hall in Philadelphia when Mayor Nutter signed a bill mandating paid sick leave into law, and the City Council approved the legislation.

Side Effects of Medical Treatment Affect Ability to Work

Individuals suffering from chronic illnesses including diabetes, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia often take prescriptions or undergo medical treatment to help them cope with the symptoms of their conditions.

New Reporting Rule from Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

The goal of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is to create safer workplaces, prevent workplace injuries and save the lives of American workers. As of January 1, 2015 OSHA has implemented a new federal policy regarding the reporting of workplace injuries.

Repetitive Job Duties and Work-Related Claims Under the New York State Workers' Compensation Law

Certain types of repetitive work activities can either cause, or aggravate symptoms in areas of the body, including the knees, arms, shoulders, back and neck. The types of activities and jobs are virtually unlimited, and can be the subject of considerable litigation.

Should You Be Getting Paid Overtime? How to Tell if Your Company Owes You Money

If your employer has misclassified you as an exempt employee, you may be missing out on compensation that you’re legally entitled to.

Can I Be Fired for Lying on My Job Application?

  By HG.org
Some job applicants decide to lie on their application, in their resume or in answers to interview questions in hopes that these lies or exaggerations will help them land the job. However, employing one of these tactics can cause an individual his or her job.

When is a Company Director Not a Director? The Risks of Acting as a Director

Companies must take great care that senior company personnel avoid undertaking acts that mean they could be treated as directors for the purposes of the law. This may result in adverse implications for both the company and the individual concerned. The expert company lawyers at Bahamas firm ParrisWhittaker are highly experienced in providing full service legal advice to companies including in relation to directors and their duties and liabilities.

A New Wave of Mobilization: Procedure for an Enterprise in th Ukraine

On January 20, 2015, the Law of Ukraine № 113-VIII of January 15, 2015 came into force which approved the Decree of the President of Ukraine "On the partial mobilization".

Potential Risks for Kitchen Workers

Working in a restaurant or commercial kitchen can be dangerous, regardless of the employee’s position. Head chefs and dishwashers alike face a variety of potential hazards that could lead to serious, life-altering or even fatal injuries. Besides the more obvious and immediate dangers of hot stoves and slippery floors, many kitchen hazards are not clearly visible, causing injuries that develop over time.

Fibromyalgia Patient Sues Employer after Being Fired for Her Disability

A Minnesota woman with fibromyalgia and osteoarthritis recently received $30,000 in an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) lawsuit that proved her employer violated the terms of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by firing her because of her medical condition.

When Can an Employer be Found Liable for an Act of an Employee?

  By HG.org
Due to a number of legal theories, employers may be found liable for their employees’ actions that resulted in harm to coworkers, customers or other individuals. There may be variations or prohibitions against certain causes of action based on state law.

What Documents are Needed for the Employment Contract of a Foreigner in the Ukraine?

Due to current political changes, various processes of documentation preparation for foreigners in Ukraine seem to be easier than even a year ago. Due to this fact, one of such spread branches like creation and processing the employment agreements and contracts can generate much less issues, questions and complications in comparison to many other cases

Notice of Termination for Employment Contracts in Turkish Labor Law

In Turkey, the employment contract may be terminated in several ways;

Rise in Fatal Slip and Fall Accidents

As the economy continues to grow, more and more U.S. businesses are experiencing a manufacturing resurgence. As a result of the growth in this industry, the number of fatal workplace slip and fall accidents has increased the most dramatically.

Delayed Flare-Ups of Fibromyalgia Symptoms

Do you suffer from fibromyalgia but have attempted to “push through” your chronic pain in order to continue working? If so, you have likely experienced a delayed flare-up of your fibromyalgia symptoms within a few days or even hours. Delayed flare-ups can be especially problematic when an individual is seeking coverage under their long term disability policy due to their fibromyalgia symptoms.

Returning to Work Under the Family Medical Leave Act

One of the main features to the Family Medical Leave Act (”FMLA”) is the return to work provision that requires that an employer return an employee, who has been approved for FMLA, to their original or equivalent position at the end of their leave.

Court to Rule in Nuke Site Whistleblower Case

A federal appellate court has overturned a district court’s decision to dismiss a whistleblower case filed by a man who says he was fired after he brought attention to safety and health risks concerning the nuclear site where he was employed. The court also ruled that the plaintiff is entitled to a jury trial.


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