HG.org Legal Resources

Family Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Family Law.

New Jersey Child Visitation Laws

  By HG.org
Children are often the most difficult factor to sort out when a relationship ends. There is very little stronger than a parent's love for their child, making visitation issues very emotional and volatile.

Detecting Nursing Home Abuse and Neglect

  By HG.org
It may seem unthinkable that anyone would want to injure a defenseless elderly person, but it happens everyday. Nursing home abuse takes many forms, but all of it can be damaging, whether emotionally, physically, or financially. Knowing the signs of nursing home abuse and contacting a nursing home abuse lawyer if you know or suspect your loved one has been abused or neglected is critical in protecting both your loved one and others who may not have family or those as attentive as you.

How to Get an Annulment

  By HG.org
For those who have only been married for a short time, the question of whether an annulment is available versus a divorce is a common question. When things sour so quickly, there is often a desire not to share what would otherwise be marital assets or even acknowledge the marriage was real. But, is it available in your case and how is it different than a divorce?

My Ex Is Moving Away With The Children, What Can I Do?

  By HG.org
You are divorced, or were never married, but have children with your ex. You share custody or, at the very least have visitation rights. But now your ex tells you s/he is moving someplace with the kids that would make seeing your children as regularly as you would like much more difficult.

Tips for New Jersey Prenuptial Agreements

  By HG.org
Listen, getting married can be a very exciting time filled with love and excited anticipation of a future with your loved one. But, it does not mean that you should throw all reason to the wind. If you or your soon-to-be-spouse have either a large number of assets or a number of debts, and you live in New Jersey, it may be wise to consider in advance what you will do about those assets/liabilities just in case anything should happen, and these tips will help you do that.

Restraining Orders for Domestic Abuse

  By HG.org
Someone who has been victimized by domestic violence can seek protection through the issuance of a restraining order. This order instructs the alleged abuser from having any contact with the victim. Before a court will issue a restraining order, the victim has to provide reasonable proof that physical abuse has occurred. If issued, the alleged abuser must typically stay at least 100 yards away from the victim.

How to Establish Paternity in Child Support and Custody Disputes

  By HG.org
When a married couple has a child, most jurisdictions presume that the husband is the father of the child (even if he is not). When an unmarried couple has a child, on the other hand, it is usually necessary to establish paternity as soon as possible after the baby is born. This protects the mother, the baby, and the father, by establishing everyone's rights with regard to one another, such as visitation, support, and inheritance.

What is the Difference Between Separation and Divorce?

  By HG.org
Often we use terms like separation and divorce almost interchangeably, but in many jurisdictions these terms can have very different legal significance. Indeed, there are even differences between separation and legal separation. When going to court, it is often important to use very precise terms to describe a situation in order to make sure your rights are protected, so it is important to understand the distinction between these three terms.

Legal Consequences of Child Abuse

  By HG.org
Child abuse is never acceptable. Of course, what constitutes child support and what is discipline may sometimes be a gray zone. While the government stays out of our personal relationships in most instances, when it comes to child abuse and domestic violence there can be serious legal consequences. Thus, it is important to know what type of behavior is considered abusive and against the law, and the legal consequences those accused of abuse may face.

Domestic Violence: California Penal Code 273.5

California domestic violence law has changed a lot over the years. The author explains how things have changed as well as the influences that spurred changes.

Understanding New Jersey Adoption Process

  By HG.org
Are you a New Jersey resident considering adoption? Or are you involved in a dispute trying to prevent someone else from adopting your child? In either case, it is important to understand the process of adoption and its legal ramifications.

Do Grandparents and Other Family Members Have Visitation Rights

  By HG.org
The concept of grandparent visitation rights is a fairly new one. Historically, only parents could ask for visitation rights, but now states allow a variety of different family members to ask for visitation of related children. Below is a brief state-by-state summary of grandparent visitation rights as of the date of publication of this article. Should you have a question regarding visitation rights, you should contact a local family law attorney.

What Can You Do When Someone Commits Perjury?

  By HG.org
Anyone who has ever had to rely on the testimony of others, whether in a criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding, has probably felt the cold knife of panic and disgust slice through their gut as someone testified in a manner they considered untruthful. Of course, many people can have many different interpretations of the same event, including some that seem wildly different than your recollection, simply because they had a different perspective.

Factors Affecting Child Custody and Visitation

  By HG.org
When determining which parent should have primary custody, whether custody should be shared, and how much visitation each parent should have, courts must look at a number of factors. Of course, these factors vary from state to state, but the overall question is generally the same: “What is in the best interests of the child?" Answering the questions below will give you insight into the specific questions courts may ask to determine which parent (or both) should be granted custody.

Factors Affecting Alimony in New Jersey

  By HG.org
In New Jersey a spouse may obtain alimony from their former spouse. Alimony is designed to keep a spouse in a living condition comparable to that which they experienced while married.

Dealing with Domestic Violence

  By HG.org
Domestic violence is an unfortunate reality, and many are surprised to find just how prevalent it is.

What To Do When You've Decided It's Time To Get A Divorce?

  By HG.org
The decision to end a marriage can be a very complicated one. Emotionally it may be painful, a relief, or a complicated mixture of both sensations. Practically, many things need to take place before the process can be finished and you can begin to move on with your life. So where do you start and who can you turn to for information? How do you know what steps are right for your situation? What other things do you need to consider that you may not even know about?

Colorado Civil Union

Colorado now has civil unions, and for virtually every purpose under state law, a couple in a civil union has the rights and benefits of a married couple.

New York Same-Sex Marriage

Information about same sex marriage in New York and the ways in which a family law attorney can assist same sex couples with their legal issues.

Adoption in California

Many types of adoption may be completed in the state of California, including private adoptions, agency adoptions, stepparent or foster parent adoptions, single parent adoptions, and grandparent adoptions.

Gumshoes Still Dig Out the Dirt During Divorces

People hire private detectives for a variety of reasons, but one of the most common is to uncover hidden assets. Private investigators don't become involved in all divorce cases. However, they can be very useful when the other party appears to be hiding assets or contesting child custody.

Visitation Rights of Grandparents in North Carolina

Knowing your rights as grandparents can be very helpful. Often times during a custody dispute over a child, grandparents are left clueless and unsure of if and how their relationships with their grandchild will be affected.

Parental Alienation: Does it Really Exist?

Parental alienation is an increasingly used tool in the war between divorced or divorcing parents. Depending on the expert, parental alienation syndrome, or PAS, is either made-up psychobabble or behavior by one parent that causes significant harm to children during child costody disputes. The reality, of course, is that it's a little of both.

If You Are a Foreigner and Marry a Chinese Citizen Then Things Do Not Go Well, How to Divorce Him/Her?

In recent years there are so many foreigners marry with Chinese citizens. For the reasons of culture shock, living habit, or personality clash, some couples' relationship go break, they have to divorce. For foreigners there are some specials rules to comply for, then a professional lawyer is suggested.

Subsistence Needs of a Child of Legal Age - Germany

If a child of legal age lives in its grandmother’s house at no charge, this does not lead to a reduction in subsistence needs, according to the Hamm Higher Regional Court (OLG).

The Equitable Distribution of a Gain in Assets in Divorce Proceedings - Germany

If the spouses have not signed a prenuptial agreement, they are considered to be living in a matrimonial property regime of joint ownership of accumulated assets as determined by statute.

What Happens to a Married Couple's House During Divorce?

Interest rates are at historic lows and divorcing couples and people in general are buying and selling homes in increasing numbers. This exasperates the already common question - "What happens to a couple's home during their divorce?"

Charged with Domestic Violence?

When most people think of domestic violence, they think of some sort of physical confrontation between husband and wife or romantic partners. While this is true, keep in mind that the definition of domestic violence of Florida is very expansive and includes many other types of criminal actions.

8 Ways to Prepare for Divorce Financially

There are too many people that are not ready financially when their spouse decides to file for divorce. If you suspect that a divorce is in your future, it is important to take certain steps to protect yourself and your financial future, including the following:

Seperation - Very often couples suffer a great deal, in the course of a marriage.

These become painful and hard experiences. In many cases women experience bad treatment at the hands of their husbands for a long time and want to dissolve the marriage but often the husband threatens that he’ll never give a divorce.

Michigan's MIP Law Offers Deferred Prosecution

The Michigan MIP law allows Courts to dismiss the case if the minor successfully completes a probationary period. Deferred prosecution protects the underage drinker from jail and a permanent criminal record. On the other hand, the repeat offender faces potential jail time, costly probation conditions and a mandatory license suspension.

Modification of Child Support in Texas

My husband got a job and makes more money. I make a lot less money now than when my divorce was final. My children live with a different parent now. Can we change the amount of child support? In the changing economy, these are very common questions. Fortunately, the answers are simple. The answer is yes, child support can be modified.

Factors Determining Child Custody under Georgia Law

Going through a divorce is difficult on everyone, but a divorce can be particularly hard when you and your partner need to determine who gets custody of the kids. GA child custody law keeps the best interests of the child in mind, and who receives child custody will depend on a variety of different factors. The guidance of an experienced lawyer from is imperative if you want to win custody after a divorce.

The Cheapest Way to Divorce

The typical divorce process is very expensive and can cost upwards of $15,000. Using the method of divorce mediation instead, couples can save both time and money while ending their marriages.

U.S. Census Shows Fewer Divorces in Northeast

The results from the 2011 American Community Survey, published by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2012 showed that the state with the lowest percentage of divorced residents was New Jersey.

Equitable Distribution in New York State: How Property is Divided in Divorce

When a couple divorces in New York State, how the parties’ property will be divided must be agreed upon between the spouses or determined by the court. The process of determining how to fairly divide property between two spouses is referred to as equitable distribution. This does not mean that property is divided 50/50 between each party, but rather, the court considers what each party contributed to the marriage and what each person’s needs are in order to fairly distribute marital property.

Divorce, Privacy and Confidentiality

Privacy and confidentiality are both huge concerns during the divorce process, so it's important to be proactive to protect your interests by speaking with a divorce attorney. In the meantime here are some helpful tips to help you out.

How Family Law Attorneys Use Social Media for Evidence

Social media users beware. What you post online can be used against you.

Custodial Rights of Children in the UAE

When child custody disputes arise between parents non-UAE nationals resident in the UAE, whether married to a UAE or non-UAE citizen, may file custody cases in the UAE.

What Belongs to Joint Property of Spouses? - China

Basically, properties gotten after marriage by husand and wife belong to joint property. Laws and regulations have specific articles on this subject. Let us review it.

BGH: Exclusion of Equalisation of Accrued Gains and Severability Clause in a Prenuptial Agreement - Germany

The prenuptial exclusion of the equalization of accrued gains does not necessarily have to impact the validity of a prenuptial agreement.

What Comes First: Bankruptcy or Divorce?

It’s a reality that bankruptcy and divorce often coincide, but the question is, which should come first, bankruptcy or divorce? The answer to that question will depend on your individual set of circumstances and if you want to take the risk and wait.

Fathers Rights in California and What Every Dad Should Know

Fathers concerned about their California custody rights get a lot of bad information. This article will take the confusion and myth out of this area of family law and get dads who are going through custody cases off to a good start.

Gay Adoption in Georgia

After banning Gay Marriage with a constitutional amendment in 2004, Georgia joined 15 other states in drafting bills to outlaw Gay Adoption in 2006 (USA Today). Luckily, it didn’t pass. However, nothing in Georgia Family Law explicitly says that you can adopt either.

A Prenuptial Agreement Can Potentially Prevent Disputes in the Event of a Divorce - Germany

A divorce is not only associated with private arguments, indeed it can also lead to legal disputes. A prenuptial agreement can potentially offer security.

10 Questions to Ask your Divorce Lawyer in Georgia: Part 2

A divorce is a delicate matter that should be handled by both experienced and helpful divorce lawyer. Ask the right questions to find the attorney that best fits your needs!

10 Questions to Ask your Divorce Lawyer in Georgia - Part 1

It important to have a list of questions to ask when you're deciding which divorce lawyer is right for you. Ask about their previous experience, rate per hour, and so forth. This will help you as you move forward.

Q&A to Signing a Prenuptial Agreement in Georgia

Signing a prenuptial agreement in Georgia is a major decision. Always make an informed decision whether or not you decide to sign an agreement.

Prenups Aren't Only for the Wealthy

The number one misconception about prenuptial agreements is that they are only for the wealthy. In truth, anyone who has anything before tying the knot, or even plans to acquire anything, should consider a prenup. A prenup is a contract signed prior to marriage that determines how the couple's assets will be divided in the event of a divorce.

Explaining the Differences between Family & Supreme Court in NY State

For couples seeking a divorce or families dealing with a family law issue, the difference between Family Court and Supreme Court in New York State may not always seem clear. Cases often involve both of these courts, and they share jurisdiction, or authority, over multiple domestic issues. Yet there are important differences between each of these courts.

How is Child Custody Determined in Arizona?

Arguably one of the largest concerns for families with children who are considering divorce is how child custody is determined in Arizona and other states. There are many who are under the false impression that custody is routinely granted to the mother or wealthy parent- but that is not the case.

Joint and Sole Legal and Physical Child Custody Explained

If you and your child's other parent are separated or divorced, determining child custody is probably one of your primary concerns. Child custody comes in two forms – legal custody and physical custody.

Grounds for Divorce- Insupportability of the Marriage

Many people wonder what can be the basis or grounds for a divorce in Texas. The Texas Divorce Lawyer is providing a series of articles on the 7 sins of the marriage, or in other words, the 7 grounds for divorce in Texas. The Texas Family code actually codifies and outlines the 7 grounds for divorce in Texas. There are 3 no-fault grounds for divorce and 4 fault based grounds.

Modifying a Child Custody Agreement

If the custody arrangement that once fit your lifestyle no longer works, you can speak with a family lawyer about a modification. Keep reading to find out how.

The Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act and Violence Against Men

Last week, the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act was reintroduced by the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, a Democrat, and Sen. Michael Crapo, a Republican. This act continues and expands upon the 1994 landmark law, the Violence Against Women Act, which combatted domestic violence, sexual abuse, and stalking by authorizing services such as shelters and legal assistance for victims and survivors of abuse.

What To Do If Your Ex Owes You Child Support?

Whether the parents of a child maintain a relationship or not, they are legally required to provide for their child. Child support is the financial obligation that a non-custodial parent has to his or her child's custodial parent, to be used solely for the care of the child. The non-custodial parent is required to make regular payments, regardless of where they live.

What Does Child Support Pay For in Florida?

Although child support typically covers a child’s basic expenses, how the funds are going to be spent is decided upon by the custodial parent. He or she may set aside the received payments and spend them specifically for the child, or may choose to combine them with household funds to purchase grocery items for the family or to pay for utilities and rent.

What Protective Orders Can and Cannot Do in Maryland

Protective orders might help you feel a little more safe and secure, but ultimately any protective order is a legal document. If you are in danger, removing yourself from the situation and seeking protection, may be the best bet.

Vacation Homes Can Spell Trouble in High-Asset Divorces

Vacation homes often spell trouble in divorces because they are generally high-value properties. Failure to come to an out-of-court agreement on the vacation home can result in the court stepping in and making the decision for you.

How Does Domestic Violence Affect Custodial Rights to Children in California?

Domestic violence is being referred to as an epidemic in the United States, and more than three million children witness acts of domestic abuse every year. Domestic violence is emotionally scarring for victims, especially when children are involved. It is important for anyone involved in a family law case to understand the implications of domestic violence and how it affects child custody in California.

Child Custody Exchange Safety

Child visitation and child custody exchanges are a vital part of maintaining and building relationships between a child and each of their parents, but they can be a major challenge for the parents. The swap occurs each time a chid goes from the physical custody of one parent to the other, and the exchanges often escalate to high-conflict situations.

Divorce between Bulgarian National and Citizen of EU Member State

This article is intended to analyze the conditions for enforcing of divorce between Bulgarian national and citizen of EU member state before the Bulgarian court

Explaining the Difference in Alimony & Child Support

Alimony, or "spousal support" is often confused with child support. Although both forms of payment are the result of a divorce, the two concepts are very different from one another.

Equitable Distribution – Your Business and Divorce

Any small business owner who is getting divorced will be both surprised and shocked to find out that up to half of your business will be awarded to your spouse. And, it matters little whether they have a titled interest or worked with the business.

Can A Parent Coordinator Alleviate Conflict After The Divorce?

A divorce is never easy, but there are ways that the distress of going through a divorce and the accompanying child custody hearings can be minimized.

For the First Time the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Works to Provide Eldercare Statistics

In 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics procured information about eldercare providers in the United States, and produced the results in its 2011 American Time Use Survey (ATUS).

Breach of Intervention Order or Family Violence Order in Victoria

Breaching an intervention order? If you live in the state of Victoria (Australia), breaching a condition of an intervention order could land you in prison for more than a year. So, how do you fight the breaching intervention order charges in Court? Read on to know the possible defenses.

Bequeather’s Tax Obligations On The Year Of Death In Their Quality As Deductible Bequest Liabilities

In its Judgment of the 04.07.2012, the German Federal Finance Court (BFH) determined that the final income taxes to be paid by the legatee, in his quality as universal successor, on behalf of the legator on the year of the latter’s death, is a liability deductible of the legacy according to § 10 section 5 Nr. 1 of the German Inheritance Tax Law.

Childrens Rights

The essential principle that passes like a golden thread in law, in judgments and in every occasion of child custody disputation, is the principle of "the good of the child". It is important to emphasize that it is not the good of the mother or the good of the father, these issues are irrelevant to the court in the matter of child custody. The court is only concerned with the good of the child.

Basics of Medicare

Medicare, health insurance for elderly and disabled Americans, is a large system that can seem confusing. Here are some basics to help you understand all types of Medicare.

The Rabbinical Court – Different From What You Think

Many people are of the opinion that the Rabbinical Court is a dull and drab institution where the people there are caught up in antiquated chauvinistic, anachronistic ways of thinking. I believe that most of the community has a mistaken conception about the way the Rabbinical Court is conducted and about its place in our society.

Divorce in Isarel

While in most western countries the authority to judge matters relating to separation and Divorce is in the hands of the Family Court, in Israel there are two parallel instances who are authorized to judge issues involving divorce between a Jewish couple;

Germany - Foreign Inheritance Laws

Upon the question, which inheritance law is to be applied, both the German and the international inheritance laws rely on the nationality of the deceased at the point of death.

What Are the Different Child Custody Options

If you are getting divorced and thinking of child custody related matters, you would need to hire a lawyer and learn more about the different options available to you.

Protecting Your Interests in a Divorce

A divorce can be relatively uncomplicated in an uncontested divorce, or it can drag out in a messy contested divorce, and some complex cases takes years to finally resolve.

Americans Require a Will While Living Abroad. Case of Thailand

Advancement of modern technology allow people to migrate effortlessly across borders in increasing numbers in this century. People live and work outside their home country, and some adapt to their adopted homes by having their families abroad. Expatriates have a unique myriad of concerns about their assets in their adopted country in the event of death. The inevitable question is: Do I need a will while I am living abroad?

At The End Of The Year, Bequest Promises Eexpire By Means Of Constraints Over The Inheritance Reform

Inheritance claims may end at the close of the year, as a result of legislation alternation in obedience with the inheritance reform. The inheritance reform from 2010 has changed the limitation rules and could show its effects for the first time this year.

Election 2012: Maryland Votes to Uphold Same-Sex Marriage

Maryland’s vote for Question 6 confirms that public opinion in the state is currently trending toward expanding – rather than constricting – the definition of marriage in the early 21st century.

License Plate Decals May Limit Teen Driver Car Accidents

A study of Kyleigh's Law’s effectiveness at curbing teen driver crashes by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) recently revealed surprising results: the decals are working.

Nursing Home Costs on Upward Spiral

Elder law attorneys will educate their clients about the eventualities of aging. Along these lines you would do well to recognize the fact that a significant percentage of seniors will spend time in a nursing home.

Be Aware of Possible Nursing Home Expenses

When you are planning for retirement you are invariably going to be looking forward to good times ahead.

Child Maintenance & Rights of Access

Child/spousal maintenance and contact is one of the main issues in any divorce or separation. This article discusses some of the difficulties associated with it.

Succession Cases With Foreign Elements In Germany

Intestacy cases can often be governed by the German as well as the foreign succession laws, which can complicate the implementation of the inheritors’ rights and claims. Nowadays, succession cases with foreign elements have become more often. Various reasons can be cited in this concern: Germany for instance, is home for many intestates of foreign nationalities. Besides, the rate of German nationals owning properties in foreign countries is increasing.

At The End Of The Year, Bequest Promises Can Expire By Constraints Over The Inheritance Reform - Germany

Inheritance claims may end at the close of the year, as a result of legislation alternation in obedience with the inheritance reform. The inheritance reform from 2010 has changed the limitation rules and could show its effects for the first time this year.

Divorce: Know Thy Beneficiary

If you’re thinking about getting a divorce, are in the process of getting a divorce, or are already divorced, then you should keep reading. A divorce can be a very emotional and stressful time; instead of thinking about how best to protect yourself and your assets, you may spend your time reminiscing over the love lost or fuming about the reasons prompting the divorce.

Family Law in the UAE: Special Conditions in the Marriage Contract

Marriage contracts usually take a standard format, however special conditions may be added into marriage contracts. Such special conditions can provide different rights to either of the parties, but we have seen a prevalence of conditions which focus on giving the wife additional rights.

Adoption in the UAE

Sadly a great number of children are abandoned in the United Arab Emirates each year. Most likely this is as a result of young mothers being fearful of the repercussions of bearing a child outside wedlock. It is a criminal offence in the United Arab Emirates to have a sexual relationship outside marriage.

Family Law in the UAE: Husband and Wife Rights under Shariah Law

Family article on husband and wife rights under Shariah Law. There are specific rights designated to Husband and Wife under Shariah Law. Overall, the rights cover the following categories: a) Exchange of rights between husband and wife; b) Husband’s rights on wife; and c) Wife right’s on husband.

At The Conclusion Of The Year, Inheritance Gifts Will Reach Their Expiration Date - Germany

Inheritances may possibly expire at the end of the year, because of a legislation alternation in compliance with the inheritance reform. The reform of 2010 changed the actual guidelines and may even display its effects for the first time this coming year. On the 10.09.2010 the new inheritance and also limits legislations grew to be useful.

Succession Cases With Foreign Elements - Germany

Intestacy cases can often be governed by the German as well as the foreign succession laws which can complicate the implementation of the inheritors’ rights and claims. Nowadays, succession cases with foreign elements have become more often. Various reasons can be cited in this concern: Germany for instance, is home for many intestates of foreign nationalities.

Income Tax For The Death Year Of The Departed Is Deductible According To Federal Court Of Finance - Germany

The German Federal Court of finance takes the position that the abatement of taxes does not just include taxes from the time of death legally accrued, but also the tax obligations that the departed, as a tax payer, has declared through the realization of legal tax deduction claims that accrue at the end of the year of death.

Inheritance Claims Will Expire By Limitations Through The Inheritance Reform At The End Of the Year - Germany

The inheritance reform from 2010 has changed the limitation rules and could show its effects for the first time this year. Thus, inheritance claims may expire at the end of the year, due to a law change in accordance with the inheritance reform. On 01.01.2010 the inheritance - and limitations law reform became effective.

CHP Investigation of Accident Causing Brain Damage

In May, 2012 a newly licensed driver hit 8 high school students in a cross walk. It was first reported that he was travelling at 50 miles per hour or more and had been known to drive at high speed up and down the street where he lives. However the actual investigation found witnesses that said the truck was actually only going 15 miles per hour when it reached the cross walk where the high school students were hit by his truck.

Your Options for an Out of State Divorce

Florida is an attractive option for people seeking an out of state divorce because they have no requirement for legal separation and is quite predictable for divorce outcomes. Even so, there are still limitations in the jurisdiction of Florida when it comes to entering all or part of a divorce for marriages, which happened outside its borders. Some of these limitations include:

Federal Court Of Finance Clarifies That Income Tax For The Year Of Passing Of The Departed Is Deductible

The decision of the German Federal Finance Court (BFH) dated 07/04/2012 (AZ: II R 15/11) evidently stipulated that the income tax debt for the entire 12 month period of the passed-on individual is tax deductible. Therefore, at some forward point, the debts from the deceased, together with church taxes, as well as, the solidarity surcharges, are often deducted just before the financial authorities are granted sum up the inheritance tax.

Federal Court Of Finance Decides That Income Tax For The Year Of Death Of The Departed Is Deductible - Germany

The decision from the German Federal Finance Court (BFH) of the 04.07.2012 (AZ: II R 15/11) evidently stipulated that the income tax debt for the entire 12 month period of the departed is tax deductible. Therefore, at some forward point, the debts from the deceased, along with church taxes plus the solidarity surcharges, are often deducted just before the taxation office is granted to calculate the inheritance tax.

Expiration By Limitations Possible For Inheritance Claims At The End Of The Year - Germany

Inheritance claims may expire at the end of the year, due to a law change in accordance with the inheritance reform. In the year 2010 an inheritance reform changed the limitation rules and could show its impact this year. The inheritance - and limitations law reform became effective on 01.01.2010.

Federal Court Of Finance States That Income Tax For The Death Year Of The Passed Can Be Deductible - Germany

The verdict of the German Federal Finance Court (BFH) of the 04.07.2012 (AZ: II R 15/11) strongly portrayed the fact that the income tax debt for the death year of the departed is actually tax deductible. Consequently, going forward, the debts belonging to the deceased, consisting of church taxes as well as the solidarity surcharges, may be deducted prior to computation of the inheritance tax by the taxation office.

Child Kidnapping - Ukraine

Child kidnapping is a crime that happens with frightening regularity. And it often involves the parents. Sometimes a Ukrainian-born mother cannot adapt to her new life abroad and returns to the safety of her native Ukraine, taking along her child without the father's consent. Or a divorce has gone wrong, and the mother takes the child back to Ukraine despite a court order that allows the father visitation rights.

Property Separation - Ukraine

The main law of Ukraine which settles the property rights and duties of spouses is the Family Code of Ukraine, effective as of 1 January, 2004. The law stipulates the following to be "personal private property" of spouses:

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