HG.org Legal Resources

Criminal Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Criminal Law.


After a Riot, Who Pays for the Damage?

  By HG.org
Riots have erupted all over the United States in recent years, often in the wake of racial tensions created by police activities. Often...

A Website Published Embarrassing Content About Me, What Can I Do?

  By HG.org
The Internet has brought many benefits to modern civilization. Unfortunately, just as with any technology, it also has a dark side. So, when a...

More DUI Defenses

  By HG.org
Consequences for DUI convictions, especially subsequent convictions, can be quite serious, resulting in a loss of freedom, hefty fines, loss of...

What Does “Fruit of the Poisonous Tree” Mean in Criminal Proceedings?

  By HG.org
The fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine prevents the prosecution from admitting certain evidence into a criminal case after it has been tainted...

I Have No Money, How Can I Hire an Attorney?

  By HG.org
Frequently, the people who need an attorney the most are also the ones who can least afford to pay for one. Whether accused of a crime, injured...

Fact: Ketosis Can Cause You to Fail a Breath Test

Ketosis is where the body starts breaking down “fat” for energy, instead of the regular “glucose”. This happens when a person is on a...

Are Bars and Clubs Responsible if Their Customers Get a DUI?

  By HG.org
People injured in DUI cases often sustain life-changing injuries. Frequently, these injuries mean the victims will require expensive medical...

The Federal Sentencing Battle

The overhaul of federal sentencing law with the enactment of the United States Sentencing Guidelines, (U.S.S.G.) , had a noble but flawed goal...

Victims of Human Trafficking Charged with Prostitution

Too often women are charged and convicted of prostitution, when they could more accurately be described as victims of human trafficking.

Illinois' New Photo Lineup Law

Wrongful convictions can destroy lives. Being convicted of a crime one did not commit can land an innocent person in prison, saddle him or her...

Civil Claims Contrasted to Criminal Proceedings in Fraud Cases

If a fraud has been committed against your company there may be general desire to get justice by seeing the perpetrator sentenced for their...

Data Thief Falciani is Closing a Deal with India’s Government Officials

The Indian government suspects millions of untaxed money from Indian High Net Worth Individuals in Switzerland. That’s why they made a lucrative...

Underage Drinking Liability: Illinois House Bill 4745

Minor in possession. Open container violations. Driving under the influence. Minors are particularly susceptible to committing these...

Can a Minor Be Charged with Statutory Rape?

  By HG.org
Children seem to grow up faster today than ever before. As a result, many teens feel the pressure to enter into sexual relationships with their...

Sexual Assault Prevention on College Campuses

For high school seniors and their parents, Spring can mean the excitement of learning which colleges and universities they have been offered...

What Do I Do If Attacked In A Public Place?

  By HG.org
Many find it surprising to know that violence has actually been on a steady decline for decades. Unfortunately, it does still happen. Often,...

What Are the Rules for Police Lineups?

  By HG.org
Having an eyewitness testify that he or she saw the suspect commit the crime or some act associated with the crime can be powerful evidence for...

Couple Uses Tax Payer Money to Fund Dream Wedding

A married couple have been convicted of benefit theft after it was revealed that they had used the overpayments to pay for their wedding abroad.

How to Stop Domestic Violence

  By HG.org
Black eyes, broken bones, missed days from school or work. For some, these may seem familiar. Whether they are occurring to you or someone you...

Where Is It Legal to Put Surveillance Cameras?

  By HG.org
In an increasingly surveillance-based society, it may seem that cameras are everywhere around us. If you look around, you may find cameras in...

Someone Hacked My Phone or Computer, What Can I Do?

  By HG.org
There are few things that feel more violating than finding that someone has hacked into your phone or computer. When this happens, the first...

What Can I Do About a Stalker?

  By HG.org
Sometimes, infatuation can turn into something more dangerous. A person may have such a strong connection in their mind to someone else, even if...

What is an Involuntary Civil Commitment?

  By HG.org
Most people are familiar with the concept of a criminal commitment (i.e. a prison or jail sentence). But not everyone has heard of the concept...

Is Graffiti Art Legal Under the First Amendment?

  By HG.org
Many cities around the US deal with the problem of graffiti art everyday. Sometimes it may be a name, a threat, an image, a symbol, or a...

Jail Populations

A recent study by the Vera Institute of Justice, in collaboration with the MacArthur Foundation, reports that there are over 3,000 jails in the...

Wisconsin Marijuana Laws and Penalties

Wisconsin Marijuana Laws and Penalties for Possession, Paraphernalia, Growing and Intent to Deliver/Sell/Distribute

Defenses to Eyewitness Testimony in Criminal Cases

  By HG.org
Hearing that there is an eyewitness to a crime can cause a great degree of apprehension in a criminal case. However, there are several ways that...

How to Avoid Fraud Adopting a Child from the Ukraine

The procedure of adoption of a child from Ukraine is complicated, expensive and long. Ukrainian legislation makes the process of adoption...

Virginia Credit Card Theft Forgery Fraud Penalties Laws

The following are the different laws regarding credit card crimes in Virginia.

MD vs. VA Child Pornography Solicitation Of Minor Laws & Federal Court

Two of the most commonly prosecuted computer sex crimes laws in the US are child pornography sex crimes and solicitation of minor sex crimes....

When Is It Okay to Shoot Someone?

  By HG.org
The use of deadly force is an extremely sobering event. Despite dozens of expressions that joke about shooting somebody, choosing whether or not...

Are Cults Legal?

  By HG.org
It seems like every year another cult ends up in the media, having amassed weapons, engaged in child sex crimes, or after killing or abducting...

What Are Miranda Rights?

  By HG.org
Anyone who has watched an American crime show (and even some in other countries) probably have heard someone “read their rights.” But, what are...

Dos and Don’ts after Being Arrested

  By HG.org
Some of the most critical mistakes in a criminal case occur after a suspect is arrested. Here is a list of things to do and not to do if you...

When Do I Need a Lawyer?

  By HG.org
With a variety of self-help forms and resources available to individuals today, it may be tempting to attempt to do legal work yourself and...

New Scam from Phone Number (425) 206-5635 Regarding Government Grants $9,000

  By HG.org
We just received a phone call from a scammer informing us that we were entitled to $9,000 of Government Grants.

Should I Hire a DUI Lawyer?

  By HG.org
Although some individuals may opt not to hire an attorney to handle their DUI case, there are several situations in which a defendant can...

Robbery Law in Washington - Things you Must Know

Know the real meaning of robbery as per law in Washington. Also, know the categories of robbery, and discover how it differs from burglary.

What Happens When a Person is Charged with Illegal Reentry?

Returning to the United States after being deported or removed is a violation of federal law. Alleged offenders could be sentenced to prison...

Sex Crime Cases in Texas: How They are Prosecuted, Defended, and Carried Out

Texas has unique sex crime laws, and each case can "go federal" for different reasons.

Scammed by Someone from Another Country, What are My Legal Options?

  By HG.org
They are a routine part of our modern, online world: Internet scams are a daily annoyance for many. Often found in annoying emails, website...

Preliminary Screening for DUI

Traffic stops by law enforcement are serious business. More often than not, motorists are pulled over because of driving infractions and/or...

Appealing Criminal Convictions for Unfair Trial

Eddie Ray Routh was recently convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the killing of Navy Seal, Chris Kyle and his friend, Chad Littlefield.

New York DWI FAQs

If you’ve violated DWI in NY, the repercussions can be staggering; a negative impact on your career, increased insurance premium costs, personal...

Ban the Box Law and Criminal Convictions' Effect on Employment

For decades, virtually every employment application included the common question, “Have you ever been convicted of a crime?” It did not matter...

How Do Subpoenas Work?

  By HG.org
While a summons may require another party in the case to appear, a subpoena can require that a particular person appear in court or for other...

What Conditions Apply to Probation?

  By HG.org
Probation is a conditional sentence, meaning that if the defendant does not comply with the conditions, the probation can be revoked and the...

My Dog Just Bit Someone, What Do I Do?

  By HG.org
Most people see their pets in a light similar to their own children. So, when a dog misbehaves it may be easy for an owner to overlook the bad...

An Experienced Attorney Can Help Protect Your Rights When Charged

It's not easy being charged with a crime. If you're innocent, of course, it's a complete shock; if you're guilty, perhaps you've known this has...

Why You Need a DUI Attorney When Pulled Over for Suspicion of Driving Under the Influence

Have you recently been pulled over for suspicion of DUI? Have you been charged with DWI or DUI? If so, it's imperative that you retain the...

Three Giant Steps Forward for Federal Criminal Law

While the country has been focused on ISIS and issues with domestic espionage, the current administration under United States Attorney General...

What Can I Do About My Noisy Neighbors?

  By HG.org
It is late at night, you have to work in the morning, but all you can hear is the thumping of your neighbor's stereo next door. You have asked...

Major Changes to DUI Laws in New Jersey

A proposed bill that will drastically change current DUI penalties has passed New Jersey’s state Senate and needs only to be approved by...

What Are the Rules Regarding Miranda?

  By HG.org
Anyone who has seen a cop show has probably memorized a person’s “rights.” The common warnings regarding the right to remain silent and the...

Someone Is Trying to Blackmail Me, What Can I Do?

  By HG.org
Blackmail is a term often thrown around somewhat loosely. Often it is used to mean that someone is making you do something you would prefer not...

Scam Using HG.org Logo and name of Lawyer Ramon Pérez Lucena in Portugal

  By HG.org
Updated March 2015 - If you received a letter from this scammer, please contact HG.org at http://www.hg.org/contactus.asp. We are gathering...

New Rules for UVA Frat Parties Aim to Boost Campus Safety

The University of Virginia has issued strict guidelines to its fraternities in effort to improve safety at parties. The move was made following...

New Jersey Statute of Limitations for Criminal Charges

Each state has its own statute of limitations in which to formally charge an individual with a crime.

The Law of Self Defense

Most Americans believe that they can legally use force to protect themselves in the event of an attack, or the threat of death or bodily injury...

Bill Cosby's Latest Sexual Assault Accusations

Comedian and actor, Bill Cosby, is no stranger to the spotlight, but his recent media attention has not been favorable.

If My State Has Legalized Marijuana, Can I Smoke it in Federal Housing?

  By HG.org
Although some states permit marijuana use for medical or recreational reasons, federal housing is based on federal laws. At the time of...

Your Rights When Stopped by Police

When an individual is stopped by the police it can be an overwhelming experience, especially when there is the possibility of criminal charges.

Collateral Consequences Continue to Impact Individuals

Everyone makes mistakes. Those of us who have made impulsive or uniformed decisions in our lives may have suffered severe consequences for them,...

Colorado's Felony DUI Bill

Under Colorado law a DUI or DWAI offense is a misdemeanor. Circumstance surrounding the offense could lead for felony changes; but the drunken...

What is the Fundamental Attribution Error?

The fundamental attribution error is a term, which refers to the common human error in which people tend to underestimate situational influences...

Warratless Blood Draw in DUI Investigation

In Missouri v. McNeely, the United States Supreme Court decided that a blood draw is a search which is protected under the Fourth Amendment.

How Do I Present Evidence If I Am Pro Se?

  By HG.org
Even though you do not have a legal education, a pro se plaintiff or defendant is still expected to comply with the same rules of evidence as...

What Privileges Do I Have that Will Prevent People from Testifying against Me?

  By HG.org
While many individuals are aware of their right not to incriminate themselves, they may also be able to prevent another person from testifying...

When Can I Assert My Fifth Amendment Right?

  By HG.org
The Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution provides individuals the right not to serve as a witness against themselves. Through this...

How to Avoid Trouble During a Traffic Stop

  By HG.org
Millions of Americans fear what can happen during a traffic stop. The names “Ferguson” and “Rodney King” have taken on a significance in the...

New Illinois Eavesdropping Bill

Following the deaths of Eric Garner, Tamir Rice, and Mike Brown, Americans began to start asking more critical questions about transparency in...

Is Marijuana Really Legal? What Should I Know?

  By HG.org
Marijuana has made headlines for the last few years in a new and, to some, unexpected way. Rather than reports of massive drug busts and...

How do I Get Witnesses to Testify in my Case?

  By HG.org
Many individuals are hesitant to appear in court out of fear or a lack of familiarity with the court system. There are several ways that you can...

What are the Penalties for a First Offense DUI in Columbus, Ohio?

A DUI charge (called "OVI" in Ohio) is a serious offense. Although charged as a first degree misdemeanor, a first DUI conviction in Ohio...

Federal Sentencing: Follow the Yellow Brick Road

When I think of a judge imposing a federal sentence, my mind often drifts to the Wizard Of Oz and that little masked man standing behind the...

NJ Senate Approves Change to DWI Law and Require Interlock Machine on Car

New law permits DWI defendants to drive after having the machine installed. NJ Senate on February 5 voted 29-4 to change the DWI Law to require...

Differences Between Assault and Aggravated Assault

Assault and aggravated assault charges in Florida differ based on a variety of factors, including if a deadly weapon was involved in the offense...

Prescription Drugs Without a Prescription

Possession of prescription drugs without a prescription and/or obtaining them by fraud crimes are rapidly becoming some of the most frequently...

Methadone Treatment During Pregnancy: A Health Choice not Child Abuse

Women addicted to drugs are faced with very few options towards sobriety upon learning they are pregnant. With no inpatient facilities in the...

Accidental Shooting in New Jersey Involving Police Officer

A 23 year old Pine Beach police officer has been suspended without pay, arrested for drunk driving, and could face criminal charges for a...

Sexual Assault on College Campuses

The rape trial of two Vanderbilt ex-football players has brought national attention to the growing epidemic of sexual assault on college...

Anonymous Tips and Informants

  By HG.org
In some situations, an arrest may be made after information is provided by an anonymous tip or through the use of a confidential informant....

Social Host Liability Laws in New Jersey

Under New Jersey’s social host liability laws, people who serve alcohol to guests in their homes are liable for any injuries that a guest may...

What is the Statute of Limitations for Rape?

  By HG.org
For those states that have a statute of limitations for rape, some period between three to thirty years is common. However, not all states have...

Reasonable Suspicion to Stop a Vehicle

  By HG.org
The terms “probable cause” and “reasonable suspicion” are sometimes used interchangeably. However, these are two different standards, with...

Youthful Offender Status in Alabama

  By HG.org
Criminal penalties tend to be harsh so that the state can accomplish its goals, including deterring similar future conduct from the defendant...

Leaving the Scene of an Accident

  By HG.org
Individuals who are involved in an automotive accident may react negatively due to fear, confusion or guilt. This is especially true if the...

Was the Shooting of Jessica Hernandez Justified?

Over the recent past both police departments nationally as well as the Denver police department have been increasingly in the public eye for...

Alcohol and Mind Wandering

Alcohol has been shown to be one of the leading causes of fatal car accidents; around 58% of drivers involved in fatal crashes were found to be...

Downloading Adult Porn in Bulk Can Get You in Trouble with Child Porn

Searching for, viewing and downloading adult pornography is not illegal. But, there is a problem when sexually explicit images of children sneak...

Fraud in the UAE

Fraud is defined as taking or gaining from another, property, money, vouchers or anything of value by deception or lying or trickery which is...

Overview of Business Crime in Latin America

While several Latin American countries have vowed to combat corrupt practices and have enacted legislation to formalise their intentions,...

How to Seal a Juvenile Record

  By HG.org
Because courts and legislators recognize that minors sometimes lack judgment skills and may have indiscretions in their youth, juveniles are...

What Is a Summons?

  By HG.org
A summons provides legal notice to a party about a lawsuit. It is the first official notice that a defendant receives to notify him or her that...

What Does the Fifth Amendment Protect?

  By HG.org
While many people associate the Fifth Amendment with not incriminating themselves, there are other important aspects of this Amendment to the...

What Does the Fourth Amendment Protect?

  By HG.org
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures by agents of the government....

Military Sexual Assault Issues

The U.S. Defense Department released its findings about the incidence of sexual assault and rape in our nation’s military. The report includes...

Displaced Aggression Theory - Road Rage

Displaced aggression can occur when someone cannot aggress towards the source of incitement or provocation, so instead takes it out on something...

Reduction in Federal Drug Penalties: “Just Say No”

Attorney General Eric Holder “gets it.” He understands that the federal prisons are full of non-violent drug offenders. During his...

New Laws to Help Sexual Abuse Victims and Their Lawyers in California

As a result of changes to sexual abuse laws in California and a more liberal statute of limitations, attorneys in California now have a greater...


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