Enforcement of Judgement - Guide to Legal Remedies
Enforcement of Judgement - US
- Administrative Office of the United States Courts
The AO is the central support entity for the Judicial Branch. It provides a wide range of administrative, legal, financial, management, program, and information technology services to the federal courts. The AO provides support and staff counsel to the Judicial Conference of the United States and its committees, and implements and executes Judicial Conference policies, as well as applicable federal statutes and regulations. The AO facilitates communications within the Judiciary and with Congress, the Executive Branch, and the public on behalf of the Judiciary.
- Department of State - Private International Law - Arbitration and Judgements
L/PIL is responsible for the negotiation and conclusion of international conventions, model laws and rules, legislative guides, and other instruments governing private transactions that cross international borders. This website is intended to provide a convenient location to find information regarding private international law in areas such as trade, finance and banking; judicial assistance; arbitration and judgments; matters involving families and children; and wills, trusts and estates.
- Enforcement of Judicial Decisions - Definition
The method of enforcing a judicial decision depends upon its nature. If it does nothing more than declare legal rights, as is true of a simple divorce decree (merely severing marital ties, not awarding alimony or the custody of children) or a declaratory judgment (e.g., interpreting a contract or a statute), no enforcement is needed. If a judgment orders a party to do or to refrain from doing a certain act, as happens when an injunction is issued, the court itself takes the first step in enforcing the judgment by holding in contempt anyone who refuses to obey its order and sentencing him to pay a fine or to go to jail. Thereafter, enforcement is in the hands of the executive branch of government, acting through its law-enforcement and correctional authorities.
- International Reciprocal Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments
There is no bilateral treaty or multilateral international convention in force between the United States and any other country on reciprocal recognition and enforcement of judgments. Although there are many reasons for the absence of such agreements, a principal stumbling block appears to be the perception of many foreign states that U.S. money judgments are excessive according to their notions of liability. Moreover, foreign countries have objected to the extraterritorial jurisdiction asserted by courts in the United States. In consequence, absent a treaty, whether the courts of a foreign country would enforce a judgment issued by a court in the United States depends upon the internal laws of the foreign country and international comity.
- Legal Remedies Available to Death Sentenced Individuals
In the early twentieth century, executions typically took place within a year after the trial. Since few constitutional rights of defendants were recognized, few areas of relief were possible. In particular, the criminal-procedure guarantees of the Bill of Rights in the Constitution of the United States – guarantees such as the right to a defense attorney, the right to a public trial by an impartial jury, and the privilege against self-incrimination – were thought to apply only in federal criminal prosecutions, not in state prosecutions. Gradually, however, the Supreme Court of the United States held that many of the protections of the federal Constitution’s Bill of Rights applied to state criminal defendants as indispensable components of the “due process of law” which the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution explicitly required the States to grant to any person in the United States. Protecting these constitutional rights required a more thorough review of a defendant’s conviction and death sentence.
Enforcement of Judgement - International
- Enforcement of Judgements and Orders - UK
We are responsible for maintaining and developing the system for collecting and enforcing fines, confiscation orders, civil orders and judgments and the enforcement of breaches of community penalties. As part of our duties, we: * advise ministers and senior officials on performance, policy and operational aspects of civil and criminal enforcement * guide and advise courts and share good practice * procure and manage enforcement contracts * develop and implement civil and criminal blueprints for enforcement * implement new enforcement legislation.
- European Judicial Network - Enforcement of Judgements
Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters contains rules on enforcement in another Member State. It entered into force on 1 March 2002 and simplifies the procedure for having a foreign judgment declared enforceable, and replaces the Brussels Convention of 1968. The Regulation is directly applicable, which means that anybody can rely on it before the courts. The application of Regulation was extended to Denmark following the conclusion of the Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Denmark on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters.
- UNHCR - Right of Amparo, Habeas Corpus or Legal Remedies
The General Assembly, Bearing in mind the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, of the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Mindful, in particular, of article 9, paragraph 4, of the said Covenant, which stipulates that anyone who is deprived of his liberty by arrest or detention shall be entitled to take proceedings before a court, in order that that court may decide without delay on the lawfulness of his detention and order his release if the detention is not lawful.
Organizations Related to Enforcement of Judgement
- Center for the Preservation of Habeas Corpus
Prisoners often seek release by filing a petition for a writ of habeas corpus. A writ of habeas corpus is a judicial mandate to a prison official ordering that an inmate be brought to the court so it can be determined whether or not that person is imprisoned lawfully and whether or not he should be released from custody. A habeas corpus petition is a petition filed with a court by a person who objects to his own or another's detention or imprisonment.
- Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Part of the FBI Mission is "to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners." That means many things, from fingerprint and DNA analysis to professional training to reports and statistics.
- National Legal Aid and Defender Association (NLADA)
NLADA is the nation's leading advocate for front-line attorneys and other equal justice professionals - those who make a difference in the lives of low-income clients and their families and communities. Representing legal aid and defender programs, as well as individual advocates, NLADA is proud to be the oldest and largest national, nonprofit membership association devoting 100 percent of its resources to serving the broad equal justice community.
- Office for Victims of Crime - Civil Legal Remedies
The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) was established by the 1984 Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) to oversee diverse programs that benefit victims of crime. OVC provides substantial funding to state victim assistance and compensation programs-the lifeline services that help victims to heal. The agency supports trainings designed to educate criminal justice and allied professionals regarding the rights and needs of crime victims
Articles on HG.org Related to Enforcement of Judgement
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- Child Support - What to Expect with Child Support CasesChild support is a monthly payment to cover the day-to-day expenses of child/children. Both parents are financially responsible for their children, and the court may order either or both of the parents to pay Child support, based upon each parents’ income, and the percentage of time each parent spends with the children.
- When Do You Need a Seattle IRS Lawyer?Sometimes you just cannot do it alone. When you need an expert dealing with the IRS, a Seattle IRS lawyer is just the ticket. Perhaps you have a business overseas and require help with your taxes. Maybe the IRS is making an audit of your company and you feel a bit queasy about it. If there are any allegations of tax fraud, you definitely want someone on your side fighting for you.
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- Parenting Coordination: As Seen from the Bench, a Family Law Attorney and Parenting CoordinatorAn article from the bench, bar and parenting coordinator. Honorable Judge Mary E. Staley - For the sake of their children, divorcing parents must communicate with each other in a healthy manner concerning parenting issues. This poses a serious problem for the approximately 20-30% of divorcing parents who exhibit high conflict behaviors. Research indicates that unrelenting parental conflict is the most common cause of poor adjustment in children following a divorce.
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- How Divorce Mediation Works for YouStudy any details you can obtain on divorce mediation, the better you are knowledgeable about the procedure the more successful you will be. At your initial procedure you will determine ground principle to be more successful. At your initial procedure you will determine ground principle to be more effective. Given the dynamics of the scenario emotions will sparkle and conversation will get heated.
- Shared Responsibility: A Litigator's PerspectiveA discussion of how parties accept responsibility during the litigation process, and the role this plays in settlement. The Value of Shared Responsibility: A Litigator’s Perspective © 2011 Jonathan B. Frank
- Arbitration, Mediation and ConciliationAdvantages of Alternative Methods of Settling Disputes - Ability to quickly design conflict arbitration agreements or by inserting arbitration clause in commercial contracts between parties either separately or compromise before the arbitration court.
- Alternatives to Trial: Mediation and ArbitrationIn many personal injury cases, an injured person like you may be scared to go to trial. But there are alternative dispute resolutions, and your attorney can help guide you to the best one for your case.
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