RICO crimes can be either civil or criminal depending on the type of activity and their punishment is enforced by international, federal and state laws.
To consult State Legislation regarding RICO laws and regulations please see the Criminal Code by State page.
RICO Law - US
- ABA - Business Torts and Civil RICO Committee
The Business Torts & Civil RICO Committee focuses on competition law -- both federal and state law -- other than the "traditional" antitrust statutes. In disputes involving business competition and anti-competitive practices, business torts (such as claims for unfair trade practices, interference with contractual relations, and fraud) and civil RICO claims are often used as adjuncts to, or in lieu of, antitrust claims. Likewise, as states strengthen their consumer protection statutes, actions under those statutes are another common means outside of the "traditional" antitrust area for litigants to press claims and police competition practices.
- DOJ - Organized Crime and Racketeering Section
The Organized Crime and Racketeering Section (OCRS) coordinates the Department's program to combat organized crime. The principal enforcement efforts are currently directed against traditional groups such as La Cosa Nostra families emerging groups from Asia and Europe, such as Chinese Triads, the Sicilian Mafia, and Russian organized crime. OCRS supervises the investigation and prosecution of these cases by Strike Force Units within U.S. Attorneys' Offices in 21 federal districts having a significant organized crime presence. These cases involve a broad spectrum of criminal statutes, including extortion, murder, bribery, fraud, narcotics, and labor racketeering.
- FBI - RICO, Anti-Racketeering and Organized Crime Division
To combat the ongoing threat posed by these groups, we have a long-established—yet constantly evolving—organized crime program dedicated to eliminating the criminal enterprises that pose the greatest threat to America.
- Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) - Definition
RICO stands for the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (18 U.S.C. § 1961), a law that increases the severity of penalties for crimes performed in conjunction with organized crime. The law states that any person or group who commits any two out of a list of 35 crimes (known as racketeering activity in the U.S. Code) within a decade and can be determined to have committed them with similar results or similar intentions can be charged with racketeering.
- US Criminal Code, Chapter 96 - Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO)
Legislation that provides support for legal actions against individuals or organizations involved in systematic illegal activities.
RICO Law - International
- Centre for International Crime Prevention
Crime is increasing in scope, intensity and sophistication. It threatens the safety of citizens around the world and hampers countries in their social, economic and cultural development. Globalization has provided the environment for a growing internationalization of criminal activities. Multinational criminal syndicates have significantly broadened the range of their operations from drug and arms trafficking to money laundering. Traffickers move as many as 4 million illegal migrants each year generating gross earnings of between 5 and 7 billion US dollars. The detrimental effects of corruption on economies worldwide have been mounting. A corrupt country is likely to achieve aggregate investment levels of almost 5 percent less than a relatively uncorrupt country and to lose about half a percentage point of gross domestic product growth per year.
- CIA Annual Strategic Intelligence Review - International Organized Crime
The Strategic Intelligence Reviews represent the highest priority concerns of our consumers in the policymaking, law enforcement, and military communities. They provide increased depth on the issues outlined in both Presidential Decisionnd the DCI Guidance on Intelligence Priorities, Together with these documents, the Strategic Intelligence Reviews are intended to serveaseline for allocating collection and production resources and for supporting mission-based budgeting.
- Criminal Intelligence Service Canada (CISC)
Criminal Intelligence Service Canada (CISC) is a strategically-focused organization that facilitates the timely production and exchange of criminal information and intelligence within the Canadian law enforcement community. CISC supports the effort to reduce the harm caused by organized crime through the delivery of strategic intelligence products and services and by providing leadership and expertise to its member agencies.
- Europol - European Law Enforcement Agency
Europol is the European Law Enforcement Agency which aims at improving the effectiveness and co–operation of the competent authorities in the Member States in preventing and combating terrorism, unlawful drug trafficking and other serious forms of organised crime.
- International Association for the Study of Organized Crime (IASOC)
The International Association for the Study of Organized Crime (IASOC) is a professional association of criminologists, researchers, working professionals, teachers, and students. IASOC works to promote greater understanding and research about organized crime in all its manifestations.
- Interpol - Organized Crime
Interpol acts as a central repository for professional and technical expertise on transnational organized crime and as a clearinghouse for the collection, collation, analysis and dissemination of information relating to organized crime and criminal organizations. It also monitors the organized crime situation on a global basis and co-ordinates international investigations. Interpol’s mission in this regard is to enhance co-operation among member countries and stimulate the exchange of information between all national and international enforcement bodies concerned with countering organized crime groups and related corruption.
- United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime.
Organizations Related to RICO Law
- National Criminal Justice Reference Service - Organized Crime
Information is provided regarding organized crime, its prevention and related issues.
- Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC)
ROCIC serves as a vehicle for the collection, evaluation, analysis, dissemination, and storage of information regarding the multi-jurisdictional activities of the wide spectrum of organized crime. Member agencies, totaling more than 1,950, are represented throughout the 14 southeastern states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and comprise all levels of government - municipal, county, parish, judicial district, state, and federal.
- Source Watch - Transnational Organized Crime
Transnational organized crime "will be a defining issue of the 21st century for policymakers - as defining as the Cold War was for the 20th century and colonialism was for the 19th. Terrorists and transnational crime groups will proliferate because these crime groups are major beneficiaries of globalization. They take advantage of increased travel, trade, rapid money movements, telecommunications and computer links, and are well positioned for growth
Publications Related to RICO Law
- Crime Magazine - Organized Crime Publications
Crime Magazine is about true crime: organized crime, celebrity crime, serial killers, corruption, sex crimes, capital punishment, prisons, assassinations, justice issues, crime books, crime films and crime studies.
- Guide to the RICO Act
Although the RICO Act can be used in many contexts, the statute is most easily understood in its intended context: the Mafia. In the context of the Maifa, the defendant person (i.e., the target of the RICO Act) is the Godfather. The "racketeering activity" is the criminal activities in which the Mafia engages, e.g., extortion, bribery, loan sharking, murder, illegal drug sales, prostitution, etc. Because the Mafia family has engaged in these criminal actions for generations, the criminal actions constitute a pattern of racketeering activity.
Articles on HG.org Related to RICO Law
- Basic Overview of RICO ChargesRICO Charges, Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations charges are extremely serious as it is not considered an individual's crime against society, but has harsher penalties due to the organized crime aspect in these charges.
- Computer Crimes in New York CityThe term "computer crimes" is not one often heard in criminal news. Most people don't even realize it exists. Nevertheless, it is specifically addressed by most states' legislatures.
- Federal Wire Fraud Crimes In New York CityThe Federal Wire Fraud Statute is one of the most used tools in federal prosecutions of white collar and business crimes. Together with the Mail Fraud Statute, it is the work horse of federal prosecutors in white collar criminal cases.
- Religious, Racial Profiling Justified in McCarthy Era Inspired InvestigationsThe September 11, 2001 Al-Qaeda attacks on the Twin Towers in New York City, and the reaction to those terrorist attacks by President George Bush’s administration, left this nation with a tragic and despicable legacy that has tarnished our great Country’s reputation and image worldwide.
- Hiring a Private Investigator: What to Look ForMany states only require Private Investigators pass a written test to hang a shingle on their wall and open for business. This does not qualify a person to be an "Investigator" by any means. When you’re faced with the need to employ the services of a Private Investigator become informed before making a decision on who to use.
- Limitations Period in Civil RICO LitigationDiscuss of statute of limitations in civil RICO litigation.
- Sex Crimes: Serious Crimes with Weak EvidenceProsecutors will tell you that criminal sexual assault and criminal sexual conduct does not occur in public. As a result, there are seldom witnesses and it is necessary to protect victims making allegations. However, is the nature of the offense truly a basis to permanently mar an innocent; defendant's record in a country where we have a strong presumption that the individual is innocent until proven guilty? Review this article on allegations of criminal sexual conduct.
- Drug Charges and Their DefenseDrug offenses come in many varieties with one common factor, the penalties for a conviction are severe and may result in lengthy prison sentences and fines. An aggressive defense is necessary. Review this article related to drug charges and their defense.
- Assault and its DefenseFalse allegations of assault occur regularly and a conviction may result in serious penalties including collateral consequences that may not be readily apparent. Review this article on assault and its defense.
- DWI Laws: Do they violate the Constitution's Protections Against Unreasonable Search and Seizure?Can you be compelled to provide a sample of blood breath or urine for testing or rbe charged with a crime for a refusal? Why are the DWI laws allowed to skirt constitutional protections against unreasonable search and seizure by requiring a warrantless search? Review this article to see how the laws have come under attack.
- All Criminal Law Articles
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