Separation Law falls under family law and overlaps with divorce law. It deals with the procedures, rules and laws the parties to a marriage must follow when they no longer wish to live together as a married couple, but do not wish to seek a divorce or dissolution of the marriage at that time.
These laws vary by jurisdiction and not all states recognize legal separation. Those that do, allow the parties to the marriage to enter into legal agreements which address issues such as property division; assignment of assets, finances and debts; alimony or spousal support; child custody and child support. These agreements are recognized by a judicial body and are enforceable by law.
Grounds for obtaining a legal separation are often the same or very similar to those needed in that state to obtain a divorce. Some states refer to their form of legal separation as a limited divorce, and others as divorce from bed and board. In many instances, if the couple later seeks dissolution of marriage, the written agreement established for their legal separation may be converted or commuted to a divorce settlement.
In states that do not recognize legal separations, the methods of handling these issues may vary greatly. Some states still allow the spouses to enter into a written agreement addressing some or all of these issues, whereas others only allow this provision while a divorce between the spouses is pending. It is important to familiarize oneself with his/her state’s specific laws on this issue before proceeding. Currently, the following nine states do not recognize legal separations: Texas, Florida, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Louisiana, Iowa, Mississippi, Idaho and Delaware.
For more information about individual separation laws, procedures and related topics for U.S. states, please visit our U.S. Divorce Law Center.
Know Your Rights!
Articles on HG.org Related to Separation Law
- Deciding Where Possessions Go During a DivorceIf divorcing couples are unable to agree on the distribution of their marital possessions, the court steps in and divides the property for them.
- 6 Things to Do After Receiving Divorce PapersSometimes divorce is finally filed after years of separation and is well anticipated. In other cases, it comes as a complete surprise to the person receiving paperwork. After receiving divorce papers, individuals must take immediate action to protect their legal rights and future.
- Income Used to Calculate Child Support in TexasChild support in Texas is calculated based on pre-existing guidelines that take into consideration a number of factors to arrive at a fair child support amount. One factor used to determine the amount of child support is your income level. Several different types of income are used to calculate child support in Texas.
- Getting Child Support from Someone Outside the CountryWhile the United States recognizes the need for both parents to provide support to their children, other countries may not honor the child support orders that originate from the United States. Having a spouse who lives outside the country can make it more difficult to collect child support, there may be options available to the custodial parent.
- Cohabitation under the New Alimony Statue: Whose Law Is it Anyway?By now most New Jersey residents are aware of the 2014 amendments to the NJ alimony statute, N.J.S.A. 2A:34-23.
- Can I Extend Alimony?Alimony – or spousal support as it is called in many jurisdictions – helps provide monetary payments from one spouse to the other spouse after a divorce or separation. Its purpose is to support the spouse receiving the payments during a specified period of time, usually with the goal of this spouse becoming financially independent. However, sometimes the recipient spouse may not yet be financially independent and may wish to extend the duration of alimony payments.
- Can I Get Palimony?Palimony derives its name from alimony that is paid to a person who was living with another person buy the two were not married to each other. It is similar to alimony, but the requirements to receive it may be heightened or not afforded in some jurisdictions.
- Same-Sex Divorce Negates Woman’s Visitation RightsState laws prevailing over same-sex divorces are deficient, which creates a significant disadvantage regarding child visitation rights for same-sex couples who had children before they were legally married.
- Grandparents’ Visitation RightsA recent Westmoreland County ruling could affect the way Pennsylvania courts handle visitation and custody rights of grandparents.
- Proposed Law Would Shorten Divorce Waiting PeriodIn Pennsylvania, there are three basic types of divorce. The first two are not based on fault, but rather on the premise that the marriage is irretrievably broken.
- All Family Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Family Law including: adoption, alimony, child support and custody, child visitation, collaborative law, divorce, domestic violence, elder law, juvenile crime, juvenile law, juvenile probation, paternity, pre-nuptial agreement, separation.
Separation Law - US
- Divorce and Separation - Overview
A divorce formally dissolves a legal marriage. While married couples do not possess a constitutional or legal right to divorce, states permit divorces because to do so best serves public policy. To ensure that a particular divorce serves public policy interests, some states require a "cooling-off period," which prescribes a time period after legal separation that spouses must bear before they can initiate divorce proceedings.
- Grounds for Legal Separation
Knowing the grounds for legal separation will help you prepare your case so you can quickly get the paperwork completed and start the process towards divorce. While not all of the following reasons for legal separation are valid in all states, it will help you start thinking about your defense.
- Legal Separation - Definition
a court-decreed right to live apart, with the rights and obligations of divorced persons, but without divorce. The parties are still married and cannot remarry.
- Separation Agreements
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) about separation agreements. If you are getting a divorce you will most likley find yourself signing a Separation or Marital Settlement Agreement (MSA). It is very important that you understand exactly what you are agreeing to before signing your agreement.
- Understanding Legal Separation
A legal separation is a written agreement that is filed with the court which addresses the rights and responsibilities of a married couple while they are living apart. Issues that can be addressed in a separation agreement include division of assets and debts, child custody and support, visitation schedules, alimony, etc.
Organizations Related to Separation Law
- American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers
The American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers was founded in 1962, by highly regarded domestic relations attorneys “To provide leadership that promotes the highest degree of professionalism and excellence in the practice of family law.” There are currently more than 1600 Fellows in 50 states. The Academy Fellows are highly skilled negotiators and litigators who represent individuals in all facets of family law. These areas include divorce, annulment, prenuptial agreements, postnuptial agreements, marital settlement agreements, child custody and visitation, business valuations, property valuations and division, alimony, child support and other family law issues.
- Association of Family and Conciliation Courts
AFCC is the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts - an interdisciplinary and international association of professionals dedicated to the resolution of family conflict.
- International Association of Marriage and Family Counselors (IAMFC).
IAMFC is an organization that promotes excellence in the practice of couples and family counseling by creating and disseminating first-class publications and media products, providing a forum for exploration of family-related issues, involving a diverse group of dedicated professionals in our activities, and emphasizing collaborative efforts.
Publications Related to Separation Law
- Filing for Legal Marriage Separation - Tips
Now that you’ve decided to legally separate from your spouse you need to take the first step and file for a legal separation. Before doing anything make sure you fully understand that a legal separation is a binding, legal contract that is just as important as a divorce.