Ship Registration Law
Ship Registration Law - US
- Flag of Convenience - Definition
The term flag of convenience describes the business practice of registering a merchant ship in a sovereign state different from that of the ship's owners, and flying that state's civil ensign on the ship. Ships are registered under flags of convenience to reduce operating costs or avoid the regulations of the owner's country. The closely-related term open registry is used to describe an organization that will register ships owned by foreign entities.
- IMB Piracy Reporting Centre - Antimaritime Piracy
The International Maritime Bureau aware of the escalating level of piracy, wanted to provide a free service to the seafarer and established the 24 hour IMB Piracy Reporting Centre (PRC) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The main objective of the PRC is to be the first point of contact for the shipmaster to report an actual or attempted attack or even suspicious movements thus initiating the process of response.
- Merchant Marine Act
he Merchant Marine Act of 1936 is a United States federal law. Its purpose is "to further the development and maintenance of an adequate and well-balanced American merchant marine, to promote the commerce of the United States, to aid in the national defense, to repeal certain former legislation, and for other purposes."
- National Vessel Documentation Center
The National Vessel Documentation Center facilitates maritime commerce and the availability of financing while protecting economic privileges of United States citizens through the enforcement of regulations, and provides a register of vessels available in time of war or emergency to defend and protect the United States of America.
- Ocean Shipping Reform Act of 1998
To amend the Shipping Act of 1984 to encourage competition in international shipping and growth of United States exports, and for other purposes.
- Ship Registration - Definition
Ship registration is the process by which a ship is documented and authorized by some country; it is usual to say that the ship sails under the flag of the country of registration (the registration, not the actual cloth flag, is the essential issue). International law requires that every merchant ship be registered in a country, called its flag state.
- United States Coast Guard
For over two centuries the U.S. Coast Guard has safeguarded our Nation’s maritime interests in the heartland, in the ports, at sea, and around the globe. We protect the maritime economy and the environment, we defend our maritime borders, and we save those in peril. This history has forged our character and purpose as America’s Maritime Guardian — Always Ready for all hazards and all threats.
- United States Shipping Act of 1984
The passage of the Shipping Act of 1984 brought about a major deregulatory change in the regulatory regime facing shipping companies operating in the U.S. foreign commerce. The subsequent passage of the Ocean Shipping Reform Act of 1998, with its further deregulatory amendments and modifications to the Shipping Act of 1984, represented another pro-market shift in shipping regulation. The principle statutes or statutory provisions administered by the Commission are: the Shipping Act of 1984, the Foreign Shipping Practices Act of 1988, section 19 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1920, and Public Law 89-777.
Ship Registration Law - International
- International Seabed Authority
The International Seabed Authority is an autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Authority is the organization through which States Parties to the Convention shall, in accordance with the regime for the seabed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof beyond the limits of national jurisdiction (the Area) established in Part XI and the Agreement, organize and control activities in the Area, particularly with a view to administering the resources of the Area.
- International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the Convention to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention. The Tribunal is composed of 21 independent members, elected from among persons enjoying the highest reputation for fairness and integrity and of recognized competence in the field of the law of the sea.
- Oceans and Law of the Seas - United Nations
The Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea of the Office of Legal Affairs has consistently been recognized for its role in contributing to the wider acceptance and rational and consistent application of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Its mandate, as spelled out by the General Assembly of the United Nations and in the Secretary-General's Bulletin, is to carry out the responsibilities entrusted to the Secretary-General upon the adoption of the Convention and fulfil the functions associated with its entry into force. More specifically, the Division monitors developments in all relevant areas in order to report annually to the General Assembly on matters relating to the law of the sea and ocean affairs. Further, it formulates recommendations to the Assembly and other intergovernmental forums aimed at promoting a better understanding of the Convention, and ensures that the Organization has the capacity to respond to requests for advice and assistance from States in the implementation of the Convention.
Organizations Related to Ship Registration Law
- DOT - Maritime Administration
The Maritime Administration is the agency within the U.S. Department of Transportation dealing with waterborne transportation. Its programs promote the use of waterborne transportation and its seamless integration with other segments of the transportation system, and the viability of the U.S. merchant marine. The Maritime Administration works in many areas involving ships and shipping, shipbuilding, port operations, vessel operations, national security, environment, and safety.
- Federal Maritime Commission (FMC)
The Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) is an independent regulatory agency responsible for the regulation of oceanborne transportation in the foreign commerce of the U.S. The principal statutes or statutory provisions administered by the Commission are: the Shipping Act of 1984, the Foreign Shipping Practices Act of 1988, section 19 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1920, and Public Law 89-777.
- International Maritime Bureau
The ICC International Maritime Bureau (IMB) is a specialized division of the International Chamber Of Commerce (ICC). The IMB is a non-profit making organization, established in 1981 to act as a focal point in the fight against all types of maritime crime and malpractice For over 25 years, the IMB has used industry knowledge, experience and access to a large number of well-placed contacts around the world to protect the integrity of international trade by seeking out fraud and malpractice.
- International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Shipping is perhaps the most international of the world's industries, serving more than 90 per cent of global trade by carrying huge quantities of cargo cost effectively, cleanly and safely. The ownership and management chain surrounding any ship can embrace many countries and ships spend their economic life moving between different jurisdictions, often far from the country of registry.
- Liberian Registry
The Liberian Registry – the second largest in the world – includes well over 3100 ships of more than 96 million gross tons, which represents 10 percent of the world’s ocean going fleet. As the world’s premier open ship registry, the Liberian Maritime Program is renowned for quality, efficiency, safety and service. Likewise, the Liberian Registry is recognized at the top of every industry “white-list” including the International Maritime Organization and the major Port State Control authorities such as the US Coast Guard as well as the Paris and Tokyo MOU regimes. Furthermore, according to the U.S. Maritime Administration, Liberian flagged vessels carry more than one-third of the oil imported into the United States.
- Maritime Law Association of the United States (MLA)
The Maritime Law Association of the United States (MLA) was founded in 1899. Its formation was prompted by the organization, some three years earlier, of the International Maritime Committee, better known by its name in French, Comité Maritime International (CMI).
- OCRA Marine Services
OCRA Marine Services is a global provider of bespoke superyacht and ship registration services. Based in the Isle of Man, with offices in other key yacht registration locations like Mauritius, the Seychelles, Madeira and Luxembourg, we enjoy a close working relationship with the Isle of Man Ship Registry and are one of a small number of companies approved as a Representative Person. Our aim is to remove the administrative burden from yacht owners to enable them to enjoy their yachts. Our professional services extend from yacht registration to providing a complete yacht management service through a dedicated point of contact.
Articles on Hg.org Related to Ship Registration Law
- The Application of VAT Exemptions on Commercial Yachts Registered Under the Malta FlagIn the judgement S&D Yachts Limited vs MY Nautonnier delivered by the Court of Magistrates in Malta on the 3rd May 2013, it was held among other things that a vessel registered as a commercial yacht was not automatically entitled to an exemption from VAT.
- Change in Place of Supply Rules Affects the Maltese Leasing StructureThe 2013 amendments to the VAT legislation brought about changes to the place of supply rules in relation to long-term leases of yachts (leases for more than 90 days) to a non-taxable person.
- Malta Ratifies Maritime Labor ConventionThe Government of Malta has deposited with the International Labor Office of the United Nations, the instrument of ratification of the Maritime Labor Convention, 2006 (MLC, 2006) on 18th of January 2013 in Geneva.
- New Law Enhances Maritime Security for Cyprus Registered VesselsCyprus boasts the third biggest maritime fleet in the EU; the tenth biggest fleet in the world. It is a market leader in ship management and as such security and safety of ships is a paramount issue, which has been addressed under the new Protection of Cyprus Ships Against Acts of Piracy and Other Unlawful Acts Law 2012.
- Shipowners Limitation of Liability - Actual Fault and Privity - MalaysiaShipping is a global business which involves many parties in day to day running of the business. It involves ship owners, ship management companies, agents and crew. Every ship that sails around the world has an Owner and in most cases ship management is entrusted to another company.
- Ship Arrest as Security for Arbitration Claim: Post the Arbitration (Amendment) Act 2011 - MalaysiaIf Malaysia has always been viewed as a more economical jurisdiction for Ship Arrest in the South East Asia region, then (with this new amendment) we would likely see a sudden growth of Admiralty cases in Malaysia. In any maritime dispute, obtaining security for a claim is undeniably of high priority. Where a ship is arrested and judicially sold, the proceeds are used to pay off the claimants.
- Considerations when Registering under the Cyprus FlagThere is a vast array of benefits available to those wishing to register a shipping vessel under the Cypriot flag. In terms of geographical location, infrastructure, safety and efficient operations Cyprus can offer substantial advantages. Underlying the entire system is a highly profitable economic environment which offers major tax advantages and other fiscal incentives to those who operate under the Cyprus flag.
- Advantages of Registration under the Cypriot FlagCyprus is a major ship management centre and its flag holds an envious reputation worldwide. The Cypriot Register now ranks 10th in size internationally and represents the third largest fleet in the EU. Moreover, the Register is growing, with shipping entrepreneurs attracted to the host of benefits offered by registration under the Cyprus flag and the active promotion of ship management interests by regulatory authorities.
- The “Convenience” of Moldovan Flag for Yachts RegistrationEveryone who buys or builds a yacht sooner or later are thinking about the registration and obtaining the right to property of vessel. Registration of yacht or another type of vessels, gives the right to navigate under the flag of the State in which the boat is registered, as well as the property right over it, which means that it must be registered in the Register of Shipping of some concrete state.
- Registration of Vessels in the Republic of Moldova - Right to Navigate under Moldovan FlagThe main legislative document of Republic Moldova in field of maritime law is the Merchant Maritime Code, in force from 30.09.1999. Besides a lot of specific regulations for maritime law, the code regulates also the procedure and conditions for registration of a ship under the flag of the Republic of Moldova.
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Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Admiralty and Maritime including: boating, cruise and commercial ship accidents, Jones Act and ship registration.