Spinal Cord Injury Law
Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Definition
This type of injury damages the central nervous system in the spinal cord, which carries signals between the body and the brain and controls the body’s movements and sensation. It can result in full or partial loss of motor control and sensation or actual paralysis of one or more limbs. These injuries are usually caused by a trauma, a blow or other impact to one’s spine as a result of a car accident, a fall, a violent act (such as a gunshot wound), a recreational sports injury, a developmental disorder, tumor, disease, or a surgical mishap. There is currently no cure for spinal cord injury.
What is Spinal Cord Injury Law? Personal injury law usually categorizes these types of injuries as catastrophic injuries. When the injury is caused by another individual’s negligence it can result in a personal injury lawsuit and in the case of a surgical error, a medical malpractice claim. These injuries can also lead to product liability lawsuits, if they were caused by defective products, such as faulty seatbelts. It is usually necessary to have knowledge of disability and social security law, due to the permanency of these types of injuries.
Defenses to these claims include contributory or comparative negligence and assumption of risk. For example, the injured party’s actions contributed to his/her injury because he was drunk or he/she was injured during a high-risk activity, such as sky diving and he/she was aware of the risk.
Unlike other less severe personal injury claims, damages for SCI claims can exceed recovery of medical expenses and pain and suffering. They may include compensation for the long-term effects, such as rehabilitation and home aid, cost of wheelchairs and other devices, and the expense of adding ramps and stair lifts to the victim’s home and transportation. Spouses of SCI victims may also sue for loss of household services, loss of consortium, and loss of spousal intimacy.
Spinal Cord Injury Law - US
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a law that was enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1990. It was signed into law on July 26, 1990, by President George H. W. Bush, and later amended with changes effective January 1, 2009.
Disability.gov is an award-winning federal Web site that contains disability-related resources on programs, services, laws and regulations to help people with disabilities lead full, independent lives.
- National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)
The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) provides leadership and support for a comprehensive program of research related to the rehabilitation of individuals with disabilities. All of our programmatic efforts are aimed at improving the lives of individuals with disabilities from birth through adultho
- Removing Barriers to Responsible Scientific Research Involving Human Stem Cells
On March 9, 2009, President Barack Obama issued Executive Order (EO) 13505, entitled Removing Barriers to Responsible Scientific Research Involving Human Stem Cells.
- Spinal Cord Injury - Emerging Concepts (NINDS)
As the 20th century draws to a close, advances in scientific understanding of the human body are leading to tremendous opportunities for treating even the most devastating diseases. Among the most exciting frontiers in medicine is the repair of traumatic injuries to the central nervous system (CNS), including the spinal cord. Improvements in treatment are helping many more people survive spinal cord injury, and the time survivors must spend in the hospital is half what it was 20 years ago. Yet most spinal cord injuries still cause lifelong disability, and further research is critically needed.
- Stem Cell Unit - Congressional Legislation
The initial aim of the SCU is to establish standards for all aspects of the culture process, as well as quality control and monitoring of these hESC lines. By performing these assays in a single laboratory, the SCU has established a database to which additional hESC lines, adult stem cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells may be directly compared. These data give scientists the information they need when choosing individual cell lines for specific projects.
Organizations Related to Spinal Cord Injury Law
- American Tort Reform Association
ATRA was founded in 1986 by the American Council of Engineering Companies. Shortly thereafter, the American Medical Association joined them. Since that time, ATRA has been working to bring greater fairness, predictability and efficiency to America's civil justice system. Those efforts have resulted in the enactment of state and federal laws that make the system fairer for everyone. Further, ATRA is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization with affiliated coalitions in more than 40 states.
- Foundation for Spinal Cord Injury
The Foundation for Spinal Cord Injury Prevention, Care & Cure (FSCIPCC) is a non-profit educational group dedicated to the prevention, care and cure of spinal cord injuries through public awareness, education and funding research. Founded by its current Chairman Ronald R. Gilbert, FSCIPCC is committed to improving the quality of care for persons with serious spinal cord injuries and to raising funds that support the search for a cure.
- National Spinal Cord Injury Association
Founded in 1948, the National Spinal Cord Injury Association is the nation's oldest and largest civilian organization dedicated to improving the quality of life for hundreds of thousands of Americans living with the results of spinal cord injury and disease (SCI/D) and their families. This number grows by thirty newly-injured people each day.
- Paralysis Project of America
The Paralysis Project of America was founded in 1987 by a group of concerned parents whose children were injured in accidents. The Paralysis Project funds novel lines of Scientific Research to assist those suffering from Spinal Cord Injury and Paralysis.
- United Spinal Association
United Spinal Association is a national 501(c)(3) nonprofit membership organization formed in 1946 by paralyzed veterans who pioneered the disability rights movement. Our mission is to improve the quality of life of all Americans living with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D), including multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, Lou Gehrig’s Disease (ALS), and post polio.
Publications Related to Spinal Cord Injury Law
- CDC - Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Prevention Tips
Motor vehicles are the leading cause of SCI in the United States for people under age 65 (Berkowitz 1998). Here are some safety tips for driving and riding in motor vehicles. Falls are the leading cause of SCI for people 65 and older (Berkowitz 1998).
- Spinal Cord Injury Facts and Statistics - Sci-Info-Pages
This site is a free and informative resource for those living with a spinal cord injury or other disabling injuries or diseases of the spine.
Articles on HG.org Related to Spinal Cord Injury Law
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- Complete vs. Incomplete Spinal Cord InjuriesTo clarify how much sensory and motor function is lost, after a patient experiences a spinal cord injury, physicians classify spinal cord injuries as either complete or incomplete.
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- Higher Risk of Slip and Fall Accidents During WinterIt doesn't take a scientist to know that the risks of slip and fall accidents increase as the winter comes. Streets and sidewalks become covered with snow and ice, and make even the shortest trip to get the mail, a potential disaster. Read these tips to help keep yourself save during the upcoming winter weather.
- All Tort and Personal Injury Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Tort and Personal Injury including: animal bites, asbestos mesothelioma, back and neck injury, bicycle accident, birth injury, brain injury, burn injuries, catastrophic injuries, construction accidents, construction injuries, defamation, libel and slander, defective products, industrial injuries, mass tort, negligence, nursing home abuse, pedestrian accident, personal injury, premises liability, product liability, sexual abuse, slip and fall, spinal cord injury, torts, toxic mold, toxic torts, workplace injuries and wrongful death.