Free Movement of Labour in the European Community Law Explained Further

Website Provided by

Persons employed through the European Union are often permitted the ability to travel between different countries in the EU with freedom and in obtaining work. Through the European Community Law, there are various directives and legal opportunities to remain within an approved country and find work or greater benefits.

The free movement of labour permits citizens within the UE to travel to other countries where there may be work. These directives and regulations are created through the Court of Justice and permit individuals that reside in the EU to move freely to another country without penalty when seeking work. This increases movement of many different citizens, and allows each to find the work best suited to his or her field. The benefits from the country of origin may apply, or he or she may discover better amenities and benefits in the new country where the work remains. Additionally, there are opportunities for advancement or moving to another location that offers a better career.

The person that has initiated the free movement may take his or her family with him or her or keep them in the previous location or the country of origin. These dependents may receive monetary assets through the job, and they could be attached to insurance policies or other benefits. Through these actions, the citizen is able to focus on the job or moving to another location to find a better job. If the family moves with him or her, he or she could keep members close and ensure they are taken care of through these actions. Health and social benefits are garnered through these activities, and sometimes security and other advantages are obtained.

The Benefits of Free Movement

When someone is not able to obtain work in his or her country of origin, he or she may decide to move to another country for this purpose. Through using his or her knowledge and skills, he or she may acquire better jobs once contact has been made. Then, the individual is provided the opportunity to leave where he or she was residing and obtain the new job. Additionally, if the citizen has professional qualifications or certifications, these may be recognized better in another area where his or her country of origin does not utilize them properly. If the person is a healthcare provider or skilled technician, he or she may find more opportunity in a larger country or in cities several miles away.

When the citizen has moved away for work, he or she is generally permitted to move back to his or her country of origin when the work ceases or if a better opportunity arises. Family members are usually included in these actions, and they may follow or travel with the citizen. Some restrictions may apply to the self-employed, retired persons, individuals that are still in secondary education and those that are not actively seeking work. Additionally, some industries require different standards followed based on the type of work. If the person is on a ship for most of his or her job, the freedom to move could be restricted based on these circumstances.

Restrictions for Benefits

While the benefits are available for anyone seeking to work, the restrictions placed on free movement affect those not actively seeking work. This affects the families of individuals as well. If the person has not been active in trying to find work, his or her family is not able to move to another country unless one of them has attempted this feat. Additionally, some countries limit movement, and if they are not part of the EU or approved nations, these benefits may not exist at all. If the location is in active war time, there is no movement permitted.

What Free Movement Means

Transferring from one country to another is a great benefit. However, this freedom is only provided to those seeking work and are not affected by specific rules of an industry. The individual is able to relocate his or her family, and this means a greater freedom exists when a job has been found. Through these actions, crime is decreased due to a lack of work or employment opportunities, and moving from one location to another keeps many occupied. The EU states and nations are able to keep a stronger relationship when citizens are exchanged occasionally. If the freedom to move has been hindered, the citizen may need to seek the help of a lawyer to resolve the matter.


Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this publication, it is not intended to provide legal advice as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and/or lawyer.

Find a Lawyer

Find a Local Lawyer