Karbal & Co.

International Law Firm in Dubai, UAE specializing in Maritime and Oil & Gas law

Karbal & Co.

202, Saeed Tower No. 2
Sheikh Zayed Road

United Arab Emirates

Phone+971 (4) 3432611
Fax +971 (4) 3435644

Website www.karbal.net
Contact Karbal & Co. Contact the Law Firm

Other Offices: Tripoli  

Law Firm Overview

Karbal & Co is located in Tripoli, Libya and Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and provides legal services to clients from government agencies of various jurisdictions to corporations and individuals. The firm offers legal consultancy on the jurisdiction in the Middle East and North Africa.

Areas of practice include International commercial transactions, maritime and shipping law, energy law (oil and gas), commercial and corporate law, international trade, intellectual property, information technology, banking and Islamic finance, construction and infrastructure, insurance, joint ventures, international arbitration and dispute resolution, healthcare law and regulatory compliance, and licensing as well as legal opinions on Libyan law, particularly for international law firms.

Dr. Mohamed Karbal, Partner, is licensed in New York, Dubai and Libya and earned his Ph.D., LL.M. and LL.B. degrees from universities in the U.S., UK, and Libya. In addition, he has held the position of Associate Professor at various universities. The firm is comprised of multi-lingual individuals who speak English, French, and Arabic.

Languages: Arabic, English

Areas of Law

Additional Areas of Law: Shipping Litigation; Maritime Mortgages; Cargo Claims; Shipbuilding Contracts; Marine Insurance; P & I And Defense Matters; Ship Sales And Purchases; Port Development; Public-Private Partnerships (PPP); Establishment And Formation Of A Company; Complaints And Law Suits; Foreign Investment; Software Support; Software Development; Website Development; Hardware Maintenance.

Areas of Law Description

Our practice includes:

- Maritime

Karbal & Co. maintains a solid knowledge and experience in providing legal advice on local and international shipping and maritime issues. Our Firm provides advice on the following: shipping litigation; maritime mortgages; arrests; charter parties; bills of lading; cargo claims; shipbuilding contracts; arbitration; pollution; salvages; collisions; marine insurance; P & I and defense matters; ship sales and purchases; ship registrations.

- Oil and Gas

Our firm has vast experience in oil and gas sectors. We have assisted our clients with their negotiations. Karbal & Co. has provided legal consultation on sales, storage and transportation agreements relating to oil and gas. We also participated in negotiation and documentation of oil and gas leases and production sharing agreements.

- Information Technology

Karbal & Co.’s extensive IT knowledge enables it to represent clients in agreements for technology development, procurement, licensing, distribution and transfer of software and hardware. Our IT practice covers all aspects of this developing industry: software maintenance; licensing; software support; copyright; software development; website development; hardware maintenance.

- Corporate & Commercial

Karbal & Co. brings experience, technical capabilities and creativity to each project. These qualities enhance our reputation as a firm that assists clients to identify and effectively pursue their commercial objectives. Our experience includes: formation of domestic and offshore companies; foreign investment; general corporate representation; mergers and acquisitions; franchising; copyrights and trademarks; international business transactions; insurance; joint ventures.

- Health Care

We have vast experience in healthcare compliance issues and have provided comprehensive legal services to clients in multiple segments of the healthcare industry. Dr. Karbal served as the legal counsel for the Abu Dhabi Health Authority for a period of seven years. Our experience and practice in this field include: Drafting contracts for international management and operation of healthcare facilities in the UAE; Assisting health authorities in the UAE in reviewing proposals submitted by international healthcare providers to manage and operate healthcare facilities; Advising on government tender process; Reviewing proposed employment contracts for medical staffs; Drafting contracts on healthcare information systems; Advising on health insurance and health litigation issues.

- Establishing Business in Libya

The New Libya promises to provide an extraordinary opportunity for multinational companies to invest in its reconstruction. To assist interested foreign corporations to set foot in the region, Karbal & Co. will provide all legal services needed to establish and maintain a business presence in Libya through our newly established office in Tripoli.


  • New York Bar Association
  • Law Society of England and Wales
  • Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, London, UK

More Information on Karbal & Co.

Energy Law (Oil & Gas)
Maritime & Shipping Law
Arbitration and Dispute Resolution
Corporate Law & Company Formation
Commercial Law & International Trade
Health Care Law & Medical Malpractice
Intellectual Property & Information Technology
Karbal & Co. Blog
Karbal & Co. News and Publications

Articles Published by Karbal & Co.

 Libyan Oil Contracts: Negotiating the Future Generation of EPSA

There are issues of concern for the International Oil Companies (IOCs) with the Exploration and Production Sharing Agreement (EPSA IV) signed with the National Oil Corporation (NOC) of Libya.

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 Liability for Collisions under UAE Maritime Law

Hosting one of the world’s largest ports, Dubai has rapidly expanded to become a leading maritime hub. As an expected consequence of the growth of Dubai’s maritime industry, the number of marine accidents has steadily increased over the past few years, as Dubai Port police have reported that there were 53 maritime accidents in 2013, 37 accidents in 2012, and 34 accidents in 2011. According to Marasi News, 9 of the 37 accidents that had taken place in 2013 were collisions.

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 UAE Commercial Company Law and Legal Reforms - General Rules

Federal Law No. 2 of 2015 “The New Commercial Company law” (CCL), which came into force on July 1, 2015, replaced the Federal Law No. 8 of 1984. The purpose of the new legislation was to bringing the UAE up to speed with corporate legislation currently enacted in many developed nations.

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 Liability of a Freight-Forwarder Before the Dubai Courts

There has been a debate in many countries on the degree of liability of the carrier and a freight forwarder on the issue of cargo claims; is a freight forwarder a principal or an agent?

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 Liability for Collisions under Libyan Maritime Law

It is a known fact that the Libyan people are still struggling to establish a strong central government in order to fulfill the hopes and aspirations that inspired the revolution of February 17, 2011.

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 Health Insurance Law Dubai & Abu Dhabi: Employer Responsibilities and Duties

Prior to the growth of the foreign workforce in the United Arab Emirates at the beginning of the millennium, an employer was only required to pay a few hundred dirhams to obtain a health card for its employees to be treated at medical facilities.

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 Medical Malpractice Litigation in the U.A.E.

Federal Law no. 10 of 2008 on Medical Liability regulates medical liability in the United Arab Emirates. Article 15 of the Federal Law no. 10 of 2008 establishes the High Committee on Medical Liability (the “Committee”) and it is made up of consultant physicians selected by the Cabinet.

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 Arrest of Ships in Accordance with Libyan Law

Libya is largely dependent on imports, consisting mainly of industrial and food commodities. Libya’s biggest trading partner is the European Union and Italy leads with 30% of Libyan imports. This significance of the Libya/EU trade-link across the Mediterranean is undisputed as the seaports of Libya are invigorating their connections to the southern European seaports.

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Forty-two years of the Kaddafi regime’s apathetic attitude and incoherent economic development strategies left Libya as one of the least developed of the oil producing countries.

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The Libyan Civil Transactions Code of 1953 imposes liabilities on both the contractor and the architect. Article 650 of the Civil Code holds the contractor and the architect (or supervising engineer) jointly liable for any minor or major collapse of the building even if the collapse was due to ground defects and/or the building had been approved and accepted by the owner.

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At a time when Libyans are eagerly gearing up towards the task of rebuilding their country, previous international contractors are gathering their records to calculating their losses during the Libyan revolution. Although, these claims have a legitimate place in commerce, it is unfortunate at time of rebirth; Libyans are left to deal with the uneven commercial legacy of the old regime. Yet, this is the insistent nature of commerce.

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During the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, Libya was the leading state among the Developing Countries. Due to Gadaffi’s arbitrary economic policy, Libya became the least developed among oil producing countries.

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