Youssry Saleh Law Firm

Full-Service Law Firm in Cairo, Egypt

Youssry Saleh Law Firm

24, St. Al Tayaran
7th Floor, Nasr City


Phone+20 (2) 2262-2002
Fax +20 (2) 2262-2009

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Law Firm Overview

Youssry Saleh Law Firm, established in 1985 and located in Cairo, Egypt, provides a wide range of legal services to clients in Egypt and throughout the Middle East. Practice areas and services include litigation, corporate law and transactions, intellectual property, tax matters, incorporation, mergers and acquisitions, immigration, real estate, finance, public procurement and competitive tendering, cybercrime, consumer protection, labor law and employment, insurance, legal translation services, and legal process outsourcing (LPO).

The firm’s attorneys specialize in various industries and sectors such as oil and gas, industrial and manufacturing, tourism, maritime, financial institutions, private equity, real estate, transportation and logistics, and pharmaceuticals. Each lawyer has intimate knowledge of the political, cultural, and economic nuances in Egypt as well as the many customs and jurisdictions within the Middle East.

Youssry Saleh Law Firm is comprised of a powerful team with a wide and overlapping range of specialties, providing counsel and representation to businesses, corporations, and individuals.

Year this Office was Established: 1985

Languages: Arabic, Russian, French, English

Areas of Law

Additional Areas of Law: Financial Institutions; Real Estate Finance; Real Estate Litigation; Residential Real Estate; Financial Institutions; Exploitation, Licensing and Partnering; IP Litigation; IP Strategy, Freedom to Operate and Clearance; Patent Drafting; Trademark Design, Prosecution and Counseling; Corporate Espionage; Financial Restructuring; Private Finance; Financial Services Litigation; Competition and Regulatory Litigation; Investigation; Financial Services Litigation; Reputation Management; Tax Disputes; Crisis Management; Domestic Arbitration; Distribution Litigation; Insurance Coverage and Recovery; Shareholder and Securities Litigation.


Youssry Saleh Mr. Youssry Saleh
Antitrust and Trade Regulation, Banking and Finance, Bankruptcy, Business and Industry, Civil Rights


  • Egyptian Bar Association
  • Arab Lawyers Association
  • International Bar Association
  • Union Internationale des Avocats

More Information on Youssry Saleh Law Firm

Real Estate
Immigration Law
Intellectual Property
Corporate / Transactional
Labor Law and Employment
Youssry Saleh Law Firm Blog
Youssry Saleh Law Firm News and Publications

Articles Published by Youssry Saleh Law Firm

 Value Added Services (VAS) and Licenses: Egyptian Regulations

The VAS services are services that are based on the content or format of the information that has changed in the content or body of the information it adds value to or provides integration between it and other services from Operational and/or administrative aspects, or those services that involve user interaction with stored information data.

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 Food and Beverage Safety in Egypt

Tourism in Egypt is flourishing, as it became a destination for many tourists due to its many attractions especially the peculiarity of its food. However, in some cases tourists suffer from diseases, infections or food poisoning due to the failure of hotels and touristic sites to observe the food and beverage hygiene, which lead tourists to the court in order to claim for compensation.

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 Changing the Company’s Legal Form in Egypt

Changing the company’s legal form is mainly regulated by the Companies Act No. 159 of the year 1981 and its Executive Regulations; in particular Article No. 136 of the Companies Act and Article No. 299 of its Executive Regulations.

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 Deal Breakers in Franchising in Egypt

Franchise is a practice of the right to run a Company’s business system and brand for a certain period of time. Therefore, when concluding franchise agreements, parties should be aware of “deal breakers” provisions such as liquidated damages clauses, insufficient start-up support, and mandatory arbitration clauses. Franchisors provide many advantages for ambitious Franchisees to start a business. However, the benefits are not for everyone.

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 Appointing and Removing the General Manager in Egypt

In order to appoint, change or dismiss the General Manager of the Company, certain procedures shall be taken according to the Egyptian Laws and Regulations. Such Procedures differ according to the type of the Company. Hereinafter, the declaration of such procedures for the most common Companies in Egypt.

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 A Letter of Guarantee: An Insight into Egyptian Law

A letter of guarantee is a type of a contract issued by a bank on behalf of a customer who has entered into a contract to purchase goods from a supplier and promises to meet any financial obligations to the supplier in the event of the default. The main purpose of this product is to guarantee payment to the beneficiary regardless of any objection or contestation from any other party.

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 Renewable Energy in Egypt

Egypt after 2011 started to focus mainly on energy and renewable energy sectors as an integral part of the main projects in the sustainable development plan 2030. Egypt recently issued The Electricity Law No. 87 of the year 2015, and its Executive Regulation in 2016 (Ministerial Decree No. 230 of year 2016) and Renewable Energy Law No. 203 of the year 2014.

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 Documentary Credit in Egypt

The Documentary Credit is an essential way for the execution of import & export trade operations, thus it has been requisite for the trade relations which has been defined by Article 341 of the Egyptian Commercial Law No.17 of the year 1999.

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 The Transfer of Technology Contract in the Egyptian Law: The Governing Rules

The Transfer of Technology Contract is one of the contracts which are included in the Egyptian Commercial Law No. 17/1999, due to the new era of significant expansion in the field of technology contracts and the legal issues that face the transfer of technology processes at the international level as a result of the conflict of interests between the parties of these processes.

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 Maritime Collision in Egyptian Law

Collision is a maritime danger that frequently occurs especially after the increase of the number of ships sailing in the seas, multiplication of their velocities and unification of navigation lines. Such leads to mass damages to persons and properties.

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 Compensation upon Termination of Agency & Distributorship Agreements in Egypt

Foreigners’ business activities are frequently conducted in Egypt by appointing an intermediate commercial agent or an authorized distributor by means of Commercial Agreements.

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 Commercial Agency Law of Egypt

Foreign companies or establishments may not establish scientific, technical, consulting or other services unless they have a commercial agent in Egypt in accordance with the Egyptian laws and regulations. Such companies and establishments can carry out any act of commercial agency or mediation only through a registered agent or commercial intermediary.

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 Note on the New Egyptian Investment Law

The long-waited New Egyptian Investment Law No. 72 of the year 2017 was finally passed by the Parliament and issued by the President, this law is expected to attract the investors for the incentives, guarantees, facilitations and advantages provided for in it.

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 Liquidation of Entities in Egypt

The liquidation of companies in Egypt is governed by the Egyptian Companies Law. No. 159/1981[1], the law governs all the aspects of the companies’ liquidation including the reasons of liquidation, status of the company under liquidation, the appointment of the liquidator, responsibilities of the liquidator and revocation of the liquidator.

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 Litigation and Enforcement of Judgments in Egypt

The Egyptian legal system is greatly influenced by the French Civil Code System. The main comprehensive code in Egypt is the Civil Code No. 131 for the year 1948 that covers vast types of transactions between individuals including personal rights, contracts, obligations and torts.

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 Business Incorporation in Egypt

Foreign enterprises wishing to conduct business in Egypt may enter the Egyptian market by establishing a permanent legal structure. Foreign investors are permitted to establish various types of entities by the Egyptian law.

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 Banking Laws in Egypt

Banking industry in Egypt is one of the oldest and largest industries in the region that plays a critical role in the development process in Egypt.

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 Difficulties in Factory Registration in Egypt

The new ministerial decrees 991/2015 and 43/2016 issued by the Minister of Trade introduced new measures concerning the registration and certification requirements of the qualified factories/companies which export their products to Egypt.

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 Egypt: Value Added Tax (VAT) Law

On 5th of September 2016, the new Value Added Tax (VAT) Law in Egypt has been promulgated and published in the Official Gazette entering into effect on 8th of September 2016. The new Law no. 67 of year 2016 replaces the General Sales Tax (GST) Law no. 11 of year 1991 and any other legal provision contradicting with the new law shall be annulled.

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 Commercial Contracts in Egypt

Usually within the drafting process parties may neglect that a dispute may arise in the future regarding, for example, the validity of the contract, at this moment many questions can arise; what is the law governing this contract? To any jurisdiction parties will refer their dispute to? What will be the method of settlement in case the dispute arises?

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 Franchising in Egypt

A franchise agreement is the agreement concluded between a seller “Franchisor” and the buyer “Franchisee” by which the franchisor allows the franchisee to use its trade mark and provides him with the knowhow and the manual book of business (the rules, steps and manuals to run the business), while the franchisor is not liable for the franchisee’s illegal acts or conducts.

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 FIDIC Contracts in Egypt

The term FIDIC stands for the International Federation of Consulting Engineers, FIDIC was established in 1913, headquartered in Genčve, and is aimed at finding a resolution in construction sector. The first edition of the conditions of the contract for works of Civil Engineering Construction was published in August 1957.

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 Factory Registration in Egypt

The Minister of Trade and Industry has reviewed certain Laws and Decrees which are: 1-The Law No. 118 of 1975 on Import and Export.

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 Authentication and Document Legalization in Egypt

Many Egyptians living and working abroad are facing challenges regarding authentication and documents’ legalization in Egypt. The challenges that mainly face Egyptians are the process of authentication and legalization of their documents in the Egyptian Authority and embassies in Egypt.

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 How to Obtain a Work Permit in Egypt?

Throughout 30 years of experience in providing clients with immigration services in Egypt we found that many foreigners and companies are facing many issues in obtaining work permit in that’s due to the complicated process of receiving work permit in Egypt and involvement of numerous authorities.

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 Legal Framework of Merger and Acquisition in Egypt

Corporate re-structuring and M&A occupy a significant share of the corporate finance world. M&A transactions resulting in a formation of a larger entity. Corporate finance deals with the other side of the coin as well and does the opposite by minimizing organizations through spinoffs or tracking stocks.

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 Investment Guarantees and Incentives in Egypt

In general : Business entities in Egypt that have been incorporated after the enactment of the Law 8 of 1997 enjoy further guarantees and incentives.

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 Taxation in Egypt

Tax system :As a result of enactment of the Tax Law 91 for the year 2005, and its amendment by the Presidential Decision No. 96 for the year 2015, the taxation system in Egypt has been transformed.

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 Indirect Business Activity in Egyptian Market

Consider: the case of foreign entities marketing their products to Egypt directly without the requirement of business entity incorporation in Egypt but with the help of certain form of representation.

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 Investment in Egypt

Legal Framework: Post 25th of January, 2011 Revolution Direction following Revolution of 25th of January, 2011, Egypt has been heading towards the future in a slightly different track. Political and economic distress has led to significant changes in the political, economic and legal landscapes.

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 Egyptian Labor Law

Governing Laws and Decrees: Employment matters in Egypt are primarily regulated by the following legislative sources: Law No. 47 for the year 1978 governing civil servants; Law No. 48 for the year 1978 governing public sector employees; Law No. 203 for the year 1991, addressing special requirements for employees working in the public commercial (business) sector of the State; Law No. 12 for the year 2003, regulating relationship between employers and employees in private sector.

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 Import & Export in Egypt

Import is strictly regulated by the Egyptian government permitting Egyptian nationals only and fully owned and managed Egyptian companies to import into Egypt. For importation into Egypt for the purpose of trade, companies/individuals should register with the Register of Importers.

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 Termination of Employment in Egyptian Law

The relation between an employer and an employee in Egypt is organized by the Labor Law No. 12 for 2003. This law organizes the full relation between the employee and the workplace and one of the main obstacles and issues that always appear in the front lines is the employment termination.

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 Pharmaceutical Registration in Egypt

The Egyptian Pharmaceutical market is facing a vital crisis of drug deficiency. Egyptian Pharmaceutical production has been impacted by the economic deficiency and the pharmacists warn that some drug supplies such as those of cancer treatment and diabetes are tapering off.

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 The Payable Tax Under the Egyptian Law

Under the Egyptian law there are different taxes that shall be paid for different transactions, estates’ registration and income tax.

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 Corporate Governance in Egypt

The nineties of the twentieth century had a quick and violent developments which affected the structure of the global economy, the effects of the globalization of financial markets emerged, and financial markets collapsed in Southeast Asia and Latin America.

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 Egypt: Arbitral Award Enforcement

Procedure for Foreign Arbitral Award (or arbitration award) Enforcement in Egypt The competent court authorized to hear cases related to the enforcement of a foreign arbitration court: Chief Court of Appeal of Cairo is the competent authority, unless otherwise agreed upon between the parties.

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 Egypt: The Liability of the Shipowner

The Liability of the Shipowner Pertinent the Egyptian Law Egypt is one of the first countries, which accessed the London International Convention 1976 on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims; the Egyptian Maritime Trade Law No. 8 for the year 1990 was regulated exceedingly in accordance with the London International Convention 1976.

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 Debt Collection in Egypt

Debt collection is the process of recovering unpaid debts such as invoices. And as the technology made global business and trade to become a small village where the business and the payments are made through internet without physical connection between the parties, the obstacles of unpaid debts started appearing with increased pace and frequency.

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 Value-Added Tax in Egypt

Value Added Tax (VAT) is the tax on the amount by which the value of an article/item has been increased at each stage of its production or distribution which means that taxes are applied to the difference between the seller-purchased price and the resale price. This is accomplished by taking full tax on all sales, but refunding the tax difference to the sellers.

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 Vessels Registration in Egypt

Vessels Registration under the Egyptian law Egypt enjoys strategic and distinguished location between the two seas, Mediterranean and the Red Sea, which makes Egypt one of the most important international trading arteries. Egypt, with its important transportation channel-the Suez Canal and large ports of Alexandria, Port Said, Damietta, Safaga, Ain Sokhna etc. is indeed an important hub for shipping.

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 Title Search Report in Egypt

The title search report is considered one of the most important documents to be obtained by the buyer prior to buying a property as it provides essential information on the legal status of the purchased property be it a piece of land, a factory, residential building or a commercial office space.

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 Restrictions for Imported Products by Establishing a Register for Eligible Factories in Egypt

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued a decision to establish a register at the General Authority for Control on Exports and Imports for the eligible factories to export a number of finished products to the Egyptian Markets.

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 Ship Arrest for Seafarers’ Wages in Egypt

Under the Egyptian Civil and Commercial code no. 27/1994, the Egyptian Courts will have jurisdiction over Urgent and Conservatory procedures to be executed in Egypt irrespective of the flag of ship and/or the debtor’s nationality and even in case the Egyptian Courts are not competent to decide upon the subjective claim.

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 The New Egyptian Electricity Law and Investment

In the past four years Egypt faced a critical issue in the electricity sector and in May 2014 the shortfall reached 58% from the total production. The shortage in the electricity sector had its impact on homes, factories and businesses in the country.

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 Public Private Partnership in Egypt

Public private partnership in a simple definition is a long term contract between the private sector and the public sector. In the 70s and 80s the world started thinking of encouraging involvement of the private sector in the governmental projects.

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 Oil and Gas Procedures in Egypt

Although Egypt is not one of the OPEC countries, it is yet considered the sixth largest oil producer in Africa. In 1908, Egypt discovered the first oil reservoir; in 2015 Egypt has witnessed the largest gas discovery in its history equaling to 30 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas, which roughly amounts to 5.5 billion barrels of oil.

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 Work Permit in Egypt

The process of acquiring a work permit in Egypt can be complicated, but most foreigners must have secured a job long before arriving to Egypt and their employer has to take care of the bulk of the paperwork involved in applying for a work permit. The process can take up to six months.

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 New Amendments to Investment Law No. 8 in Egypt

Egypt in its accelerated movement towards economic reform has been emphasizing the importance of real estate development projects and large scale projects in order to restore the market and economy after its decline post Revolution of 2011.

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 Free Zones in Egypt: The New Start

Egypt started its free zones programs in the 70s; during this period the country’s policy was directed at attracting and retaining foreign direct investment and to increasing the percentage of import and export in the country. Therefore, Egypt has developed nine free zones:

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 Intellectual Property in Egypt

Egypt is considered one of the top countries in copyrights infringement. Prior to Revolution of 2011, Egyptian government was focusing on copyrights protection; however, after the Revolution due to the political instability this focus has significantly been reduced.

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 Egypt: Amendments to the Investment Law

There were many debates over the investment law in the Cabinet of Ministers before the Presidential Decree 17/2015 amended some provisions of the Investment Law 8/1997 on March 12, 2015 in the lead up to the Economic Summit in Sharm El Sheikh. In particular amendments touched base of Companies Law 159/1981, Income Tax Law 91/2005, and Sales Tax Law 11/1991.

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 International and Domestic Law

With globalization and recent reshaping of the global landscape the paradigm shifted, and the international law moved away from its classical definition of regulating relations between nations and extended well beyond regulation of ‘the conduct of states toward their own citizens’.

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 Real Estate Finance Obstacles in Egypt

Real estate in Egypt is considered one of the main industries that have a significant effect on the gross domestic product and according to the world folio the growth rate of real estate sector in Egypt accounted 8 % in the 2013 GDP also, this sector absorbed about 14.9 % of the employment.

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 Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) in Egypt

Legal process outsourcing is the process of obtaining legal support in different areas of practice from an outside law firm or legal support services company. The LPO system, according to a survey conducted by evalue survey is considered one of the fastest growing industries in the knowledge of process outsourcing (KPO).

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 Efficacy and Validity in International Law

Compliance and its relation to validity is one of the central points in the discussions related to the international law. H Kelsen stated that ‘the efficacy of law constitutes a condition of the validity of law’[1], where efficacy refers to ‘whether law is actually observed’[2] and ‘validity whether law must be observed’[3].

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 Cultural Notion of Authorship and Ownership in Egypt

Notion of authorship and ownership is one of the cultural constructs that differ across cultures and is highly influenced by social, religious, economic and political factors. Whereas in some countries, the concept of intellectual property is understood and practiced, granting all the rights to the ‘owner’ of words and ideas; yet, in other parts of the world, ideas, thoughts and knowledge are considered “a part of a collective foundation of knowledge available to all” .

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 Cyberspace posing challenges to legal framework

The legal profession has been changing over time, adopting new fields and challenges. Globalization, development of internet and technologies all led to the change in lives, change in the way businesses are conducted, in the way people spend their leisure time and, also, the way people commit crimes.

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 The Legal Truth of E-contracts in Egypt

No doubt that the technological evolution and its wide range usage in various fields became a part of our daily lives, accompanied by this evolution,it’s usage between people in civil and commercial transactions grew significantly.,

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 Overview of the Egypt Mineral Resources Law No. 198

Egypt has enormous mineral wealth, but it does not yet exploit it properly. This is because the participation rate of the wealth in the gross national product, according to the Ministry of Planning for the fiscal year 2013/2014 is estimated 4% only. This production percentage is nothing in relation to the wealth that Egypt possesses.

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 Quality in Consulting : How Hard is it in Application

TQM is commonly known for the principles of continuous improvement, awareness of total cost of quality, recognition that everyone holds responsibility for quality, customer orientation/focus, process orientation, commitment of senior management etc. However, quality has been commonly associated with industries where it originated and not with services which are difficult to measure, evaluate and apply a zero-defect concept to.

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