Antitrust and Trade Regulation Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Antitrust and Trade Regulation.

Patent Application in Ghana

  September 28, 2017     By AB LexMall & Associates
Patent means the title granted to protect an invention. The law explains further that an invention is an idea of an inventor which permits in...
FIND LEGAL ARTICLES

Application for a Patent in Ghana

  September 26, 2017     By AB LexMall & Associates
Patent means the title granted to protect an invention. The law explains further that an invention is an idea of an inventor which permits in...

Is an Anticompetitive Contract Clause an Ancillary Restraint that Will Survive Antitrust Scrutiny?

  September 25, 2017     By Bona Law PC
Setting prices or allocating markets with your competitor is a terrible idea. Doing so is likely to lead to civil litigation and perhaps even...

The Requirements of an HSR Antitrust Filing for a Merger or Acquisition in the United States

  September 25, 2017     By Bona Law PC
In the United States, mergers and acquisitions involving companies of a certain size must be reviewed by one of the competition authorities—the...

How to Determine if International Products Are Subject to International Dumping Rules

  September 19, 2017     By HG.org
When determining if a product is subject to dumping rules, the international laws must be taken into account. This means that there may be...

State Aid Control Over Tax Rulings of EU Member States

  September 5, 2017     By Antoniou McCollum & Co.
The European Commission's State aid control over tax rulings has been widely commented on, particularly following the decision on Apple and...

Bid-Rigging Is a Per Se Violation of the Antitrust Laws

  September 4, 2017     By Bona Law PC
Bid rigging violates the U.S. antitrust laws.

Can Victims of Infringements of Competition Law Take Action for Damages in Belgium and the EU?

  August 29, 2017     By Peeters Advocaten-Avocats
The law of 6 June 2017 facilitates the action for damages for victims of infringements of competition law.

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) Continues to Focus on Informed Decisions

  August 24, 2017     By Fassonaki Law Firm, LLP
This month the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) prevailed on a motion to dismiss brought by Navient, which was founded, at least...

Legality of Paying for Online Reviews

  August 16, 2017     By HG.org
Online reviews for products, services and amenities through websites and companies draw customers and clients in for business. However, some of...

When Is the Filed Rate Doctrine a Defense to an Antitrust Lawsuit?

  August 11, 2017     By Bona Law PC
The doctrine of federal antitrust law includes several immunities and exemptions—entire areas that are off limits to certain antitrust actions....

Antitrust Laws Do Not Allow Real Estate Agents to Jointly Fix or Set Prices or Commissions

  August 11, 2017     By Bona Law PC
If you have sold or purchased a home recently, you might be under the impression that real estate commissions—the price to engage a real estate...

About Federal Antitrust Laws

  August 1, 2017     By HG.org
The antitrust laws in the United States are a collection of both federal and state regulations in place that control both the conduct and...

Tightening Anti-Trust Law in Switzerland

In a recently-published landmark decision in the Gaba/Gebro matter, the Swiss Federal Supreme Court held that, generally, hardcore restrictions...

How Antitrust Affects Potential Buyers in Real Estate Dealings

  By HG.org
Real estate deals are often complicated when applying the regulations for both state and federal laws and acts. This could be as simple as...

Economic Damages of an Employee Reselling Company Products

  By HG.org
Many employees are able to purchase products at their places of employment and then resell them at a higher price or without the discount they...

When Misleading Advertising Causes a Deal to Fall Through

  By HG.org
Some companies advertise products or services in a way that is considered false. This means that what is proposed by the business to the public...

False or Deceptive Competitor Advertising Hurting Your Bottom Line?

There are resources and options available for business owners when competitors undercut pricing by selling inferior goods or services.

Enforcement of Foreign Judgements and Arbitral Awards in Saudi Arabia

There are speculations internationally that, enforcement of foreign judgements and arbitral awards in Saudi Arabia are still in dark. Saudi...

Trade Mark Registration in Romania

The registration of a trademark in Romania involves several steps and procedures which must be closely observed. The Trade Mark registration can...

Why Is Antitrust Compliance Counseling and Training so Important for Companies?

If, like me, you have ever spoken to someone that faces criminal indictment by a federal grand jury following a Justice Department antitrust...

Antitrust Authority in Israel Continues Its Trend of Stricter Punishment

The Israel Antitrust Authority (‘’IAA’’) has announced its intention to impose a financial sanction in the sum of NIS 25,640,000 on Bitan Wines,...

China to Amend Its Law Against Unfair Competition

  By MMLC Group
The PRC Law Against Unfair Competition has been a valuable tool in fighting unfair business practices, including acting against passing off and...

Digital Incorporation of Companies in Kenya

You can now incorporate your company in Kenya online using the Attorney General's portal in eCitizen.

Exclusive Dealing Under the U.S. Antitrust Laws

Are you unable to compete for certain customers because those customers are bound by exclusive-dealing agreements with your competitors? Or are...

Are My Products Subject to Anti-Dumping/Countervailing Duties?

Many importers will discover at some point that products they import may be subject to anti-dumping duties (“ADD”) or countervailing duties...

What Are the Elements for a Monopolization Claim under the Federal Antitrust Laws?

Do you or your competitor have a monopoly in a particular market? If so, your conduct or their conduct might enter the territory of the Sherman...

Foreign Corporations in Israel also Have No Immunity

The purpose of the Israeli Restrictive Trade Practices Law is to encourage and maintain competition in the country. The law does not explicitly...

A Brand New Law On Movable Pledge Especially For SMEs To Enjoy - Turkey

Recently, on January 1, 2017, the Law on Movable Pledge in Commercial Transactions[1] (“Law”) entered into force and prevailed the Law on...

What is the Biggest Mistake that District Courts Make in Antitrust Cases?

This articles describes how federal trial courts sometimes confuse the pleading standards for antitrust cases.

Simplifying of Contracting Pprocedures for Services Exporters in Ukraine

From January 2017 the procedure of agreement conclusion will be simplified for services exporters.

The U.S. Supreme Court Clarifies the Definition of Insider Trading – A Big Win for Prosecutors

For the first time since 1983 when the Supreme Court issued its decision in Dirks v. SEC, the Supreme Court yesterday clarified what “personal...

Know your Client - Romanian Corporate Governance

KYC or know your client seems to be a mantra repeated by many institutions these days, whether is it from banks of financial authorities the...

Turkey’s Civil Offset Enthusiasm

Most probably many people would not know more about where offset/industrial participation discussions were moving toward before the article...

The Necessity and Some Problematic Aspects of the Choice of Law Clauses for International Transactions

In their day by day practice business entities very often conclude transactions that have cross border nature for example a company may conclude...

Music May Be Less Widely Available in the Future. Here's Why.

The government just denied a request from the music industry to change the royalty collection system. Here, we examine what's at stake and...

Alcohol, Language, and the Law

Legal disputes have become increasingly common among breweries and distilleries. Companies are litigating not only over trademark confusion, but...

6 Most Frequently Asked Questions about Canada’s Economic Sanctions Against Iran

  By LexSage
On February 5, 2016, Foreign Affairs Minister Dion announced that “Canada amends sanctions against Iran” and regulatory changes were...

Innovations of Ukrainian Law on Protection of Minority Owners of Corporate Rights

The Law of Ukraine "On amendments to some legislative acts of Ukraine on the protection of investors" included a norm of judicial consideration...

Protecting Consumer Rights in Bangladesh

Consumer protection is a vital, but often ignored, issue in developing countries, and Bangladesh is no exception. However, in a country like...

World Bank Group v. Wallace: International Organizations' Immunities and the Fight Against Corruption

Was this a great victory or a near miss? Much has been written about the recent Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) judgment World Bank Group v....

Business Acquisition by Foreign in Ukraine: Basic Errors

Business acquisition is a complex and long process that can confound even the most experienced businesspersons, because different business...

SEC Halts Ash Narayan from Defrauding RGT Clients

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced that it obtained a court ordered “freeze” of the assets of three individuals, including...

The Newest Changes in the Polish Competition Law Have Entered into Force Mid-April 2016

The focus of said novelization lies on the protection of consumers, and its aim is to strengthen consumers’ position in their relations with the...

Consumer Credit Advertisements in Poland

Since the worldwide economy crisis of 2008, we are living in the time of rising distrust towards banks and similar financial institutions. Banks...

Double Tax Treaty between Cyprus and Latvia signed

The Republic of Cyprus and the Government of the Republic of Latvia signed in Brussels, on 24 May 2016, a Treaty for the Avoidance of Double...

New Customs Code of the European Union

The Customs Code establishes the general rules and procedures applicable to goods brought into or out on the customs territory of the Union and...

Unfair Competition in California

California Law protects trade secrets, while restricting deceptive advertising and price manipulation. California is home to some of the...

Merger Controls Under Chinese Law

  By MMLC Group
Merger control, as a mechanism to prevent anti-competitive activity or transactions, refers to the review of mergers and acquisitions under...

Safe Harbour Provisions in China’s Intellectual Property Guidelines

  By MMLC Group
China’s Anti-Monopoly Law of the People’s Republic of China principally seeks to prohibit practices restricting free trading and competition...

Are Resale Price Maintenance Agreements Legal Under the Antitrust Laws?

The legality of resale price maintenance agreements under US antitrust law.

Do I Have a Lanham Claim Against My Competitor for False Advertising?

The elements that a party must prove to prevail on a Lanham Act Claim for False Advertising.

Why Writing Fake Good Reviews to Boost Your Business May Be Illegal

  By HG.org
National studies have found that many consumers check online reviews before making a purchase. Additionally, many consumers directly cite such...

How to Legally Fight Businesses that Are Posting Fake Good Reviews on the Internet

  By HG.org
Recognizing the power of first-hand user experiences, some businesses flood review sites with positive reviews about their product or service by...

The Colgate Doctrine and Other Alternatives to Resale-Price-Maintenance Agreements

Resale-price-maintenance agreements (or vertical price-fixing) are still illegal under the law of certain states. This article discusses...

Transitioning Broker Alert - FINRA Adopts New Comp Disclosure Rule

The Securities and Exchange Commission approved last week a new rule proposed by FINRA, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, which...

UK Competition Law Compliance Checklist

A brief overview of the main principles of competition law and what is prohibited, followed by a quick checklist of actions that businesses can...

A Short Guide to Agency Agreements in the UK and Europe

A very brief look at some of the headline issues involved when entering into Agency Agreements – both for trade within the UK and within Europe.

Distant Trade in Ukraine of Non-resident Companies: Features of Tax Regulation

Remote trading in Ukraine is developing rapidly, created favorable conditions, therefore it would be reasonable it would be prudent for many...

FINRA Investigations Under Rule 8210

It is every registered person’s nightmare. You receive a letter from a FINRA office notifying you that you are the subject of a FINRA...

Draft Guidelines on Cartel Leniency in China

  By MMLC Group
In February 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)released the Draft Guidelines on Application of Leniency to Horizontal...

Legal Aspects of Marketing of Organic Products in Ukraine

The Ukrainian land is the most fertile in the European Union, the development of agro-industries are a significant and also market of organic...

Restrictions for Imported Products by Establishing a Register for Eligible Factories in Egypt

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued a decision to establish a register at the General Authority for Control on Exports and Imports for...

Established National Business Center in Albania

Starting from December 29th, 2015 functions of National Registration Center and National Licensing Center in Albania shall be unified in one...

Anti-Counterfeiting Measures in Uzbekistan in the Absence of Customs Recordation

Foreign manufacturers and brand owners as well as Uzbekistan-based official or exclusive importers of branded goods are facing pressing...

How Overseas Buyers Claim for Quality Responsibility against China Sellers?

For overseas buyers it is very important to inspect goods after delivery. The inspection should prompt and contribute to official report. With...

Competition Commission of India Issues Guidelines on Competition Impact Assessment for Upcoming Legislations

The Competition Commission of India (‘CCI’), has recently issued the Competition Commission of India (Competition Assessment of Legislations and...

The Conflict in Licensing between Intellectual Property Rights and the Antitrust Regime

  By MMLC Group
How China is regulating competition law aspects of intellectual property licensing.

Supplements to the Sale of Products in the Light of Unfair Competition Rules in Bulgaria

Art. 36 of the Bulgarian Protection of Competition Act (PCA) is titled “unfair soliciting of clients”. It is a part of the unfair competition...

The Concept of ‘Advertising’ and Unfair Competition Rules in Bulgaria

The Concept of ‘Advertising’ and Unfair Competition Rules in Bulgaria

Changes in Advertising Law of Russia

Provisions of the Advertising Law are detailed as regards limiting the sound level for advertisements entered into effect on May 25, 2015....

China's NDRC to Issue Price-Focused Competition Rules Involving IP Transactions

  By MMLC Group
Looking at the recent SAIC competition law guidelines regarding IP transactions, and predicting what the NDRC is likely to refer to when it...

Singapore The Island Nation with Global Significance

Singapore is a hub for international arbitration. Learn more about the city-state and what to do to prepare for an upcoming arbitration.

Issues in Competition Law and Franchise Agreements in Australia

  By MMLC Group
This article looks at Australian competition law issues, as applied to franchise agreements, including plans to extend unfair contract terms...

China Releases Notice Regulating Intellectual Property Rights from a Competition Law Perspective

  By MMLC Group
The State Administration for Industry and Commerce (“SAIC”) issued the finalized Provisions on Prohibiting the Abuse of Intellectual Property...

Spotlight: Concerns about Constitutionality of Turkey’s New IP/O Regime in Civil Industrial Sectors

On 06 February 2014, Turkish Parliament has enacted a 6518 Omnibus Bill, gazetted February 19th 2014, which adjoins a provision to article 3 of...

Parallel Import to be Legalized in Russia in 2015 - Antitrust Risks

Parallel import allows import of goods not only by their owner or dealer, but also by any importer.

Turkey’s Civil Offset/Industrial Participation Enthusiasm

Most probably many people would not know more about where offset/industrial participation discussions were moving toward before the article...

Draft Law on Shopping Malls in Turkey

Turkey has been becoming a “shopping mall heaven” ever since 1988 which is the time that the first shopping mall was built in Turkey.

Anti-Trust snd Strategic Approval Requirements for Investments in Russia

Like other jurisdictions, Russia has a set of requirements which may impact upon persons considering investing or investing into Russian...

Developments in Chinese Antitrust/Competition Law

  By MMLC Group
Starting from the year of 2013, the Chinese Anti-monopoly Law Enforcement Authority has initiated a series of anti-monopoly investigations and...

Russian Antitrust Law: Prohibition of Monopolistic Behavior and Unfair Competition

The Russian Law "On the Protection of Competition" (the "Competition Law") came into effect on October 26, 2006.

Russian Antitrust Law: Important Considerations For Non-Russian Investors

To successfully structure a cross-border transaction, it is important to do a careful antimonopoly law analysis at an early stage.

Distribution Agreements In Russia

Distribution agreement is not a concept that is well-developed in Russia. There is not an established court guidance on most of the terms and...

The “Legality Rating” for Most Ethical Companies in Italy

A Legality Rating was established as an opportunity for: spreading the culture of legality, demonstrating your company’s ethical credentials,...

China's SAIC Looks at Abuses of IP Rights to Eliminate or Restrict Competition

  By MMLC Group
On June 11, 2014, the State Administration of Industry and Commerce (“SAIC”) published a draft of Rules of the Administration for Industry and...

A Digest of National Development and Reform Commission Antitrust Cases To Date

  By MMLC Group
This article provides a useful digest of many of the NDRC antitrust cases announced/decided to 14 August 2014.

Antitrust Investigations in China

  By MMLC Group
A series of anti-trust investigations intensively initiated by the Price Supervision and Anti-Trust Bureau of National Development and Reform...

Practical and Legal Aspects of Debt Collection in Ukraine

Despite all the current geopolitics, trade goes on in Ukraine, but what if you are an exporter and have concerns about repayment?

European Economic Interest Groups in Italy (EEIG)

EEIG in Italy ("Gruppo Europeo di Interesse Economico", GEIE) is an associative organization. GEIE or EEIG can exclusively be used within...

China's MOFCOM Rejects Maersk's P3 Alliance

  By MMLC Group
This article looks at the recent decision by MOFCOM regarding Maersk's P3 Alliance, being only the second case ever where MOFCOM has refused...

Netflix Accused of Mudslinging

Verizon, the US telecommunications giant, has issued Netflix with a “cease and desist” letter following media reports claiming that Netflix was...

Entering Azerbaijani Market: Franchising and Distribution

In this note we provide general information about some of the legal issues that a foreign franchisor or supplier (in distribution agreements)...

Concessions in Albania / PPP in Albania

According to the assessment, the application of the laws of the PPP / concession in Albania is estimated to achieve "high efficiency" compared...

Turkish Retail Sector and the Problem of Unfair Competition

The growth of the Turkish economy in unprecedented rates during the course of the last decade have generated a strong demand for consumer goods.

A Tax Exempt Start up for Multinational Companies: Liasion Offices in Free Trade Zones of Turkey

Today, in global cash flow around the world made multinational companies to think more on tax benefits and cost effectiveness before they invest...

What Are Monopolies and Why Are They Bad?

  By HG.org
Aside from the board game, a lot of people may not really know what a monopoly is. They make their way into the news once in a while, but what...

Immoral But Not Always Illegal: Price Gouging After Natural Disaster

  By HG.org
The recent floods in Colorado have brought a problem to the forefront: post-disaster price gouging. While 35 states have made this a crime,...

Merger of American Airlines and US Airways After Bankruptcy May Face Anti-Trust Law Issues

  By HG.org
A bankruptcy judge in New York has endorsed a plan to merge American Airlines and US Airways. That approval, however, is contingent upon the...

Amendments to the Trade Descriptions Ordinance in Hong Kong

To promote fair trade, enhance protection for individual consumers and to prevent unfair business practices in Hong Kong, the Trade Descriptions...


Find a Lawyer

Find a Local Lawyer