International Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of International Law.

False Claims Act Issues Involving Avoiding Customs Charges

  December 8, 2017     By HG.org
The False Claims Act is involved in several deals that involve the avoidance of Customs charges and attempting to bypass monetary payments and...
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New Requirements by Customs Regarding Hunters and Firearms

  December 8, 2017     By HG.org
It is the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives in the United States and similar organizations and agencies that direct the...

Wording of Bank Guarantee in China May Have a Significant Impact on Its Effectiveness in International Project

  December 7, 2017     By Tianjin Bozhuan Law Firm
In the international project, usually, there exists much difference of the geography, culture, language and legal circumstances. The Principals,...

U.N. Employee: If I Have a Harassment Claim Can I Hire an Lawyer Outside OSLA?

  December 5, 2017     By HG.org
Harassment claims within the United Nations Office occur just as with any other company, entity or organization. However, these offices with...

Transatlantic Privacy Laws Regarding Data

  By HG.org
Information in other countries may not be protected as it is in the United States. The privacy laws regarding data are different, and the...

Maritime Trade in Jordan

  December 4, 2017     By Abdullah & Partners Law Firm
Maritime Law is solely applicable to sea navigation excluding domestic or river navigation.

European Community Law and VAT on Energy Bills

  December 1, 2017     By HG.org
The European Community Law is in use to provide a better quality of life for the EU citizens and increase international cooperation and enforce...

Government Accountability Office Recommends Leasing Practice for Foreign-Owned Real Estate

  November 30, 2017     By HG.org
Real estate in other countries that is owned by citizens both in and from the United States is affected by taxation and other situations such as...

China's NDRC Solicits Opinions for Enterprise Outbound Investment Regulations

  November 30, 2017     By MMLC Group
On November 3, 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission (“NDRC”) released a draft of the Administrative Measures of Enterprise...

Bitcoin - Facts, Mining, and Investment Safety in Turkey

  November 30, 2017     By Serap Zuvin Law Offices
Bitcoin is created by the alias Satoshi Nakamoto, which is claimed to be Mr. Craig Wright, in 2008. Its informal currency code is BTC. Although...

How Relations with Cuba May Impact Intellectual Property

  November 28, 2017     By HG.org
With Cuba opening the country to the United States, it is possible that commerce of all kinds may be available as has not been for decades. With...

Patent Cooperation Treaty for International Patents

  November 27, 2017     By HG.org
International patents are complicated and take more time and energy than any single patent in the United States because often, the applicant...

How to Open Company in Italy

  November 27, 2017     By Damiani & Damiani
Italy is one of the EU countries attracting foreign investors. The most profitable sectors are: tourism, food industry, agriculture,...

Shift in the Global Trade of Semiconductors

  November 27, 2017     By HG.org
Shifts in various types of global trade occur with frequency depending on numerous factors surrounding the events of these changes, and this...

Free Trade Agreements and a Lawyer’s Assistance

  November 27, 2017     By HG.org
To ensure that violations are not incurred and affecting the company, it is crucial to adhere to rules and laws provided by the government to...

China and Hong Kong’s Reciprocal Agreement

  November 27, 2017     By HG.org
The reciprocal agreement created and implemented between China and Hong Kong permits the judgments issued forth in Hong Kong enforced in China...

ASEAN and Hong Kong Sign Free Trade & Investment Agreements

  November 27, 2017     By Harvey Law Group
On November 12, Hong Kong signed free trade and investment agreements with the 10-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in a...

Cherry Picking the Governing Law in Turkey

  November 22, 2017     By Serap Zuvin Law Offices
Legal system probably has the biggest say in one’s life, as it governs almost everything from daily life of a person to his business...

Exporting American Vehicles to Other Countries

  November 17, 2017     By HG.org
Exporting a vehicle from the United States to other countries is complicated even when it is the manufacturer making the deal. Typically, only...

Role of Tariffs on Trade in China

  November 16, 2017     By HG.org
Trade with China for imports and exports is affected by tariffs within the country and internationally. For the arrangements and deals with the...

European Community Law and the Working Time Directive Explained

  November 15, 2017     By HG.org
Work hours have become an issue with injury, death and efficiency hampered with employees that are too fatigued to complete tasks. Through the...

Data Privacy Cases Pending in Front of U.S. Supreme Court

  November 14, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
The United States Supreme Court will decide whether American courts can issue warrants for data stored on servers overseas.

Wildlife, Fish, and Plants: Violations of the Lacey Act in Customs Law

  November 14, 2017     By HG.org
The Lacey Act was passed in 1900 and was the first federal law to protect wildlife. This intersection of conservation and Customs Law makes it...

Free Movement of Labour in the European Community Law Explained Further

  November 14, 2017     By HG.org
Persons employed through the European Union are often permitted the ability to travel between different countries in the EU with freedom and in...

European Community Law: Working Time Directive

  November 10, 2017     By HG.org
For European citizens in the Union, it is important that work hours are directed and supervised for health and safety. When individuals work...

Beijing’s Employment Termination Based on Objective Circumstances Changes

  November 10, 2017     By HG.org
China’s employment laws are location based, and this means that termination for employees may differ from one area or city to another. With...

Nicaragua v. United States: Reparations and Abuse of Process

  November 9, 2017     By HG.org
Nicaragua has revived a claim against the United States for compensation in amounts of $17 billion for reparations in 2017. The International...

Ways to Prevent Chinese Counterfeiting

  November 9, 2017     By HG.org
There are a variety of products that are sold by Chinese manufacturers and companies that have higher prices due to certain features and...

Applying Chinese Law in American Courts

  November 9, 2017     By HG.org
Accounting for foreign laws is important for diplomats and citizens from other countries. Their actions may be subject to certain stipulations...

What to Know about Cell Phone Importing

  November 7, 2017     By HG.org
Importing cell phones into different countries is just as complicated as other imports due to the possibility that the pricing may be too low,...

Sources and Scope of European Community Law

  November 7, 2017     By HG.org
The sources of the European Community Law are varied, and each has researched the implications that these changes will affect in the countries...

Residence Permit for Investment Activity in Greece

  November 7, 2017     By Dafni Siopi & Associates
Investment activity for non-EU/EEA foreign investors in Greece has proven to be very appealing, since it combines a flexible, fast and...

Cease and Desist Letters for Intellectual Property Prohibitions Abroad

  November 6, 2017     By HG.org
Intellectual property protections in different countries may be difficult to process and accomplish. Various countries around the world have...

The Attachment of Bank Accounts in Cross-Border Cases According to the European Regulation 655/2014

  November 3, 2017     By Dafni Siopi & Associates
The new European Regulation 655/2014 which establishes a European Account Preservation Order procedure to facilitate cross-border debt recovery...

Alternative Penalties Considered in the Colombian Special Jurisdiction for Peace

  November 2, 2017     By HG.org
Peace agreements were initiated in Colombian between combatants and the domestic government. While the final agreement has been explained, this...

European Community Law: Free Movement of Labour

  November 1, 2017     By HG.org
The free movement of labour affects the fundamental principles of workers to find and retain labor within the European communities as explained...

Temporary Agency Workers Directive in European Community Law

  October 31, 2017     By HG.org
Through various directives in the European Community Laws, it is possible for various projects, programs and work schedules to be created such...

Drones and Privacy in Turkey

  October 31, 2017     By Serap Zuvin Law Offices
We had remote controlled cars when we were kids. By the time, we started seeing toys such as remote controlled aircraft, boats and helicopters...

Detention of Individuals Seeking Asylum in the UK

  October 30, 2017     By HG.org
Persons that have fled their country or habitual residence are seeking asylum in the United Kingdom. Many of these individuals have been...

Renewable Energy in Egypt

  October 30, 2017     By Youssry Saleh Law Firm
Egypt after 2011 started to focus mainly on energy and renewable energy sectors as an integral part of the main projects in the sustainable...

Time Limitations Imposed by the East African Court of Justice

  By HG.org
Private litigation has time restrictions imposed by the East African Court of Justice that limits how the African regional community in economic...

Documentary Credit in Egypt

  October 25, 2017     By Youssry Saleh Law Firm
The Documentary Credit is an essential way for the execution of import & export trade operations, thus it has been requisite for the trade...

Cyber Court in China

  October 23, 2017     By HG.org
Cybercrimes are on the rise in the age of computer and networking capabilities, and even in China, these issues are a problem for law...

Does the Principle of Res Judicata Apply to Arbitral Awards in Cyprus?

  October 20, 2017     By Soteris Pittas & Co LLC
In the case of Cruz City 1 Mauritius Holdings v Arsanovia Limited, the Applicants filed an application for the registration and the enforcement...

OVDP Willful or Streamlined Non-Willful: IRS Offshore Disclosure Basics

  October 18, 2017     By Golding & Golding, Attorneys at Law
In determining whether you should enter the traditional Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program (OVDP) or the newly implemented IRS Streamlined...

Information for International Investors Doing Business in the United States: Consumer Protection

  October 18, 2017     By HG.org
Investments, business and foreign involvement has been cooperative in the past so that every party included is able to maximize profits. The...

FBAR vs. 8938: Reporting Foreign Accounts & Foreign Financial Assets

  October 17, 2017     By Golding & Golding, Attorneys at Law
Ever since the Internal Revenue Service made foreign account and asset reporting a key enforcement priority, two of the most common issues a...

Key Takeaways from CBP’s First Final Determination of Evasion under EAPA

  October 17, 2017     By Torres Law, PLLC
On August 14, 2017, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) issued its first notification of final determination of antidumping duties...

Amendments to the Foreign Investment Regulations in China

  October 17, 2017     By HG.org
Amendments to regulations are constantly occurring, but in China this affects the foreign investments for the country and those associated with...

Whatcha Gonna Do When They Come For You? U.S. Export Control Agency Visits

  October 17, 2017     By Torres Law, PLLC
What to expect during a visit from the agencies and best practices to prepare for them.

U.S. Economic Sanctions: A 3/4-Year Review

  October 17, 2017     By Torres Law, PLLC
Aside from one last mid-January initiative by the Obama Administration to begin rolling back sanctions targeting Sudan, the U.S. Treasury...

Choice of Law Provisions in Other Countries

  October 16, 2017     By HG.org
Contracts between countries for business is complicated with different law provisions and contractual obligations that may differ based on the...

Late EEI Filing: Is It Too Late To Mitigate?

  October 16, 2017     By Torres Law, PLLC
In 2009, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) published guidelines that govern the enforcement and mitigation of civil penalties for...

Effect of Cross Border Trade Caused by Reforms to Japan’s Civil Code

  By HG.org
The changing of Japan’s investment atmosphere is causing the private sector in trade to alter from past regulations and codes. With transition...

Is the U.S. - Korea Trade Deal Headed for Trouble?

  October 16, 2017     By Torres Law, PLLC
On June 30, 2007, the United States signed a historic free trade agreement with South Korea.[1] The Korea-United States Free Trade Agreement...

Terminating Probationary Employees in Beijing

  October 16, 2017     By HG.org
New employment laws have affected the way China is permitted to terminate employees through the Responses to Several Issues Regarding...

Increase in Penalties for Employment Eligibility Form I-9 Violations

  October 13, 2017     By HG.org
Increases in enforcement for the Immigration Reform and Control Act violations affect employees that work as non-home office workers. Many of...

International Criminal Court: Handling Cases Involving Immunity

  October 13, 2017     By HG.org
There are many cases where one party has immunity, and there are certain factors that must exist to seek action against these persons, companies...

International Crimes and Extradition

  October 12, 2017     By HG.org
When someone has been accused of a crime, he or she is usually provided the right of a fair trial. However, some of these situations involve...

China Trademark Infringement Issues

  October 11, 2017     By HG.org
Intellectual property issues are constantly occurring around the world, and China is no exception to this rule. Because of these problems with...

What You Need to Know about Tax Savings in the British Virgin Islands

  By HG.org
The tax savings in the British Virgin Islands has been reported as a promotion for the financial sector and with this location as a tax haven....

IRS Tax Amnesty Programs: Offshore Income vs. Domestic (U.S.) Income

  October 10, 2017     By Golding & Golding, Attorneys at Law
The IRS Tax Amnesty Programs are designed to help individuals and others safely get into tax compliance without the fear of excessively high...

The Transfer of Technology Contract in the Egyptian Law: The Governing Rules

  October 10, 2017     By Youssry Saleh Law Firm
The Transfer of Technology Contract is one of the contracts which are included in the Egyptian Commercial Law No. 17/1999, due to the new era of...

Enforcement in Italy of Sentences Issued by European Courts

  October 10, 2017     By SMAF & Associati, studio legale
The EC Regulation No. 44/2001 of Dec. 22, 2000 (which substituted Brussel Convention of 27th September 1968) allows the recognition and...

The Malta Declaration and the Italy-Libya Memo

  By HG.org
The Malta Declaration has been issued in response to the massive migration of third-country citizens. With the assistance of Libya and other EU...

What is the International Entrepreneur Parole?

  By HG.org
In order to increase the amount of United States companies that are grown and progressing in the country, an international rule has been...

Expatriation Tax when Returning to Your Home Country

  October 3, 2017     By HG.org
When returning home from living or residing in another country, there are additional taxes that may apply to the person called the expatriation...

Registering a Trademark in Romania

  By HG.org
Registering a trademark is slightly different in various countries. This is no exception to Romania where it is vital to search through the...

Key Considerations in International Business Dealings

  By HG.org
International business dealings require ore consideration than when only handling matters with one country. This means that the culture, legal...

Impact of Trump’s Travel Bans and Extreme Vetting

  By HG.org
When travel bans were imposed on certain persons, this affected both the group and everyone involved with these persons. Halting the assistance...

Deterring Crimes with the International Criminal Court

  By HG.org
The International Criminal Court system exists to reduce or eliminate crimes and perpetrators of these atrocities so that contributions to...

The Fiscal System in the UAE

  September 27, 2017     By Eptalex
Following the issuance of the UAE VAT law at the end of August 2017, and the simultaneous launch of the UAE Federal Tax Authority (FTA) website,...

Investor Visa Denied - Can I Get My Investment Funds Back?

  By HG.org
Visa applications for immigration or remaining in the United States based on entrepreneur matters is based on having a company already and...

Information Security and the Jus Ad Bellum

  September 27, 2017     By HG.org
Keeping the information within a company, agency, entity or government secure is one of the top priorities for any person or organizations. When...

Immigrating to Canada with a Criminal Record

  September 26, 2017     By HG.org
For citizens from another country not native to Canada, it is possible that immigration is not possible when the individual has a criminal...

Changes to Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act

  By HG.org
Having foreign investments while living in the United States may cause complications when filing for taxes, but the Internal Revenue Service has...

End of the VAT Exemption Regime for Financial IGPs in Luxembourg

  September 26, 2017     By Arendt & Medernach
Following the Luxembourg case C-274/15, the series of cases relating to the scope of the cost-sharing VAT exemption also referred to as...

Debt Collection Procedures in China

  By HG.org
Collecting debts accrued in or through China has various complications such as language and cultural barriers in place that cause problems for...

Cryptocurrency in the Cayman Islands: Blockchain Technology in the Funds Industry

  September 25, 2017     By Stuarts Walker Hersant Humphries
Blockchain technology offers an exciting and unprecedented innovative opportunity for the investment funds industry and there are now at least...

Licensing and Fees Guidelines for New Mobile Operator in Bangladesh

  September 22, 2017     By Jural Acuity
Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC) is in the process of issuing 4G Licenses to existing Mobile Operators. BTRC is also...

International Criminal Court and the Policy Paper on Case Selection and Prioritization

  September 21, 2017     By HG.org
The International Criminal Court is tied to the policy paper with consideration to prosecutorial discretion in both selection and prioritization...

How Can I Protect My Trademark Abroad?

  By HG.org
Protecting intellectual property rights overseas is often difficult based on country laws that could be lax or nonexistent in ensuring that a...

Italian Citizens Living Abroad: Inheritance Planning

  September 20, 2017     By Babino, Falcone & Falcone
The recent European legislation (Reg. UE n. 650/2012), which entered into force the 17th of August 2015, could be considered a breakthrough in...

The Process of Internationalization: How, Where and Why – UK

  September 20, 2017     By Babino, Falcone & Falcone
The lawyer’s advice is significant to develop management strategies, draw up suitable contracts, accomplish incisive participations, and adopt...

Border Crossing Implications with an OWI

  September 19, 2017     By Gimbel, Reilly, Guerin & Brown, LLP
The restrictions imposed by an OWI conviction can be quite burdensome. Some restrictions, however, are not known to individuals that have been...

How to Determine if International Products Are Subject to International Dumping Rules

  By HG.org
When determining if a product is subject to dumping rules, the international laws must be taken into account. This means that there may be...

How To Prevent an International Child Abduction of a Minor in Italy

  September 18, 2017     By Studio Legale Marzorati
When a parent suspects that the other parent (genitore) may illicitly carry away from Italy abroad their child (figlio) or he/she is afraid that...

Debt Collection for a Foreign Company which Works with Italian and Foreign Companies in Italy

  September 18, 2017     By Studio Legale Marzorati
A foreign company, which imports products from Italy (import) as well as the foreign company, which works bringing products in Italy (export) or...

What To Do If an Italian Child Is Carried Away Abroad Without Previous Express Consent of Other Parent

  September 18, 2017     By Studio Legale Marzorati
Discovering that his/her own child (figlio), Italian and resident (residente) in Italy, has been carried away abroad by the other parent without...

Social Networks and International Law

  By HG.org
International social networks are constantly changing and adapting to the responses and needs of various citizens through several countries....

The Brexit Effect - EU Citizens’ Risk of Exploitation in the Workplace

According to the latest research led by FLEX (Focus on Labour Exploitation) and LEAG (Labour Exploitation Advisory Group), there may be an...

Brighton Declaration and Human Rights

  By HG.org
A conference held in Brighton brought together 47 member states of the Council of Europe so that the issue of human rights could be discussed...

Brexit Immigration Restrictions and Their Potential Impact

  By HG.org
Immigration and the leaving of a country are both difficult to predict, and this makes placing restrictions on these activities complicated....

International Court of Arbitration Enhancing Transparency through New Ruling

  By HG.org
Amendments have been announced to the Rules of Arbitration through the International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of...

Newest Technological Sensation: Drones and Their Regulation in the EU

In the last decade, the world has experienced new highs in technological developments. Fast growing technology throwing new devices into...

Mandatory Mediation Process Employed in Cases in Italy

  By HG.org
In Italy, mandatory mediation was necessary for many different cases. The regulation was removed for almost a year only to become adopted again...

Tips for Avoiding FBAR Penalties

When it comes to reporting and disclosing foreign accounts assets, income, life insurance policies, pension funds, retirement funds and more,...

Germany Adopts Choice of Law Rule

  By HG.org
In 2017, Legislature in Germany has adopted a new regulation of choice of law for legal agencies and entities. It is based on formerly held...

Hague Convention’s Impact on Child Custody Cases

  By HG.org
The Hague Abduction Convention has been included with various countries as a treaty about child custody and abduction to include the United...

Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program (OVDP) - Understanding the Basics

The IRS Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program (OVDP) is a U.S. Government program designed to bring non-compliant individuals, businesses, and...


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