Science and Technology Law Articles

Articles written by lawyers and expert witnesses worldwide
explaining the different aspects of Science and Technology.

Keeping Digital Data Safe

  By HG.org
Keeping digital data protected and safe from others is not always easy or possible. However, there are various methods that are employed by...
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Deletion, Disposal or Anonymization of Personal Data in Turkey

  December 8, 2017     By Serap Zuvin Law Offices
Data protection has become a significant concern due to the increased use of technology. Turkey took its shape in this progress and enacted...

My Ex Harassed and Stalked Me Using His Employer’s Computer. Do I Have a Case against the Employer?

  December 6, 2017     By HG.org
When someone is harassed by and individual through a work computer, it is possible that the employer is held liable in these instances due to...

The Geo-Blocking of Digital Media in the EU Will Soon Belong in the Past

  December 5, 2017     By Peeters Advocaten-Avocats
Netflix subscribers have most likely already had the experience of not being able to watch their TV shows or movies during a stay in another EU...

E-Payment in Jordan law

  December 4, 2017     By Abdullah & Partners Law Firm
The human being, since the outset of history, resorted to various means of exchange in his commercial transactions, and invented several ways to...

Can We Sue a Website like Airbnb if They Are Hacked and Personal Information Is Stolen?

  November 15, 2017     By HG.org
When a website is hacked, and the user account information is stolen, the question becomes who is responsible, and then the matter shift into if...

New Cybersecurity Executive Order Imposes Additional Requirements on Government Contractors

  November 14, 2017     By HG.org
Government contracts are complicated when certain procedures must be included alongside the regulatory hurdles that must be passed after the...

Data Privacy Cases Pending in Front of U.S. Supreme Court

  November 14, 2017     By The Posey Law Firm, PC
The United States Supreme Court will decide whether American courts can issue warrants for data stored on servers overseas.

Possible Actions for Expert Witnesses on Equifax Data Breach

  November 14, 2017     By HG.org
The Equifax data breach caused several million individuals complications when private information was released online to various locations with...

GPS App Failed to Warn of Road Situation - Can I Sue for Damage to Vehicle?

  November 7, 2017     By HG.org
Every day millions of Americans rely on GPS apps to get them to where they need to go. Most often, drivers arrive at their destination...

Revision of the Regulations Requiring Websites and Applications to be Accessible for People with Disabilities in Israel

  November 6, 2017     By Barnea & Co. Law Offices
The Knesset Labor, Welfare and Health Committee recently approved a comprehensive revision of Regulation 35 of the Accessibility to Online...

What Is the Threat of Money Laundering Associated with Bitcoin?

  By HG.org
Bitcoin has become increasingly popular as an alternative form of currency over the last several years. The digital currency offers interesting...

How to Protect Business Websites from Liability

  October 25, 2017     By HG.org
Business websites could be the target of a user that has been harmed by the site or through the use while another has hacked or when a glitch...

China Tightens Control of Internet Chat Groups and Official Accounts

  October 23, 2017     By Angela Wang & Co.
The Cyberspace Administration of China (“CAC”) has recently released the Provisions on the Administration of Information Services Provided...

Collecting Personal Data Whilst Socialising: The Individual Data User in Shanghai

  October 23, 2017     By Angela Wang & Co.
In the case of HKSAR vs Leung Jun Kit, an individual was convicted at the Eastern Magistrates’ Court for breach of the direct marketing...

Telemedicine Contracts in California

  October 20, 2017     By Matt Dickstein, Business Attorney
What is telemedicine? Telemedicine = physicians + technology. Telemedicine has two parts: physicians who provide medical care remotely, plus...

3D Printing Technology: Impact on Intellectual Property Protection

  October 16, 2017     By Law Office of Vasilios Peros, P.C.
As each decade passes, new technologies are brought to the marketplace and change our way of life. Over the past decade or so, we have seen the...

Licensing and Fees Guidelines for New Mobile Operator in Bangladesh

  September 22, 2017     By Jural Acuity
Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC) is in the process of issuing 4G Licenses to existing Mobile Operators. BTRC is also...

Equifax Data Beach: Can They be Sued for Negligence?

  By HG.org
A data breach to a company is usually the result of someone that hacked into the secured files and then distributed the information to another...

Equifax, Should I Sign Their Waiver?

  By HG.org
The need for consumers to sign a waiver before providing information and monitoring services may be legal, but this could prevent someone from...

Double Taxation Avoidance Treaties in Albania

Albania has entered into 38 agreements “For the Avoidance of Double Taxation with respect to Taxes on Income and on Capital” with several...

Employers in Malta Should Not Use Consent as a Legal Basis for Processing Employee Personal Data

On 8 June 2017, the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party ("WP29") adopted Opinion 2/2017 on data processing at work ("the Opinion") [1] ....

The European Commission’s Take on a European Data Economy

Digital data is a fundamental resource for economic progress, job creation, citizen empowerment, competitiveness, and business development.

China's Government Ministries Commence Audit of Major Consumer Applications for Data Protection

  By MMLC Group
The PRC Cyber Security Law came into operation on 1 June 2017. This has led to businesses all over China and broad, to revisit their data...

China's New Data Protection Laws and Regulations

  By MMLC Group
On 1st of June 2017, the much debated Cybersecurity Law of China (CSL) has become effective. The opinions on its implications for international...

Privacy and the GDPR in Your Company in Belgium - It Is Time to Take Action

In less than a year before the entry into force of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), it is time to take action.

How Businesses Can Be Held Liable for a Security Breach

  By HG.org
There are a variety of breaches possible with a company, but none are more crucial to client and customer data than security breaches.

Protecting Your Website from Liability

  By HG.org
Websites fall prey to liability just as businesses and company owners do through various acts, terms, users and injuries. There are many website...

A Ransomware Infection Risks Business Health

Ransomware is a menacing cyber threat because it exposes a business to cyber extortion. A ransomware infection can harm a business by opening up...

European Commission Imposes Fine on Google for Antitrust Violations

The European Commission has imposed a fine totalling 2.42 billion euros on the internet giant Google for violating antitrust law.

What Are the Benefits of Patent Pending Status?

It is well-known that patents can provide useful protection to a California business’s ideas and inventions. Even if you or another business...

Cryptocurrency Legal Considerations

  By HG.org
Cryptocurrency is another term for online currency options such as Bitcoin. This is a manner of exchange for payments and to ensure transactions...

How Expert Witnesses Help in Unlawful Collection of Consumer Data Cases

  By HG.org
Consumer data is available almost everywhere online. Anyone that visits almost any website leaves a trail of information in his or her wake....

The Need for Hosting Account Protections through Secure Socket Layers

  By HG.org
Hosting accounts are the housing of a website’s content. The files, photos, video and audio files are contained in these hosting accounts, and...

Can Your IP Disclose Your ID?

An “IP”, or “internet protocol” is a unique series of numbers allocated to each and every device connected to a network, including and most...

How an Expert Witness Can Help in a Data Security Breach Case

  By HG.org
Data security is crucial in both keeping information safe and running a business that relies upon online and networked transactions. As more...

Fintech in Switzerland

Digitalization has increasingly gained a foothold in the financial services sector as well. FinTech – a composite term made up of “financial...

The Life Science Industry in Israel

The life sciences are advancing at dramatic rates in capabilities and goals. For most of human existence, we have been trying to keep up with...

Big Data, Big Legal Minefield in Israel: Underlying the rise of Artificial Intelligence is Big Data and Machine Learning

The speed in which vast and complex “bits” can now be processed is staggering. This information is being collected, stored and analyzed to drive...

China Solicits Opinions Concerning Exportation of Personal Information and Important Data

  By MMLC Group
As China's new Cyber Law kicks off, multinationals are turning their attention to compliance issues, including data transfer issues. This...

How Blockchain Will Revolutionize a Paper World in Israel and Beyond

In many ways, electronic communications dominate the world as we know it. We “talk” through email, text, and social media, to the point that the...

Israeli Leadership and Growth in Smart Mobility

Technological solutions are developing every day, world-wide. In Israel, the transportation sector provides impressive examples of innovation at...

Software Patents and Alice in the Looking Glass

The public tends to believe the purpose of the Patent Office is to issue patents. The facts paint a different conclusion.

IT Services Agreements: Liability of Outsourced IT Services

Over the years, technological advances have allowed many companies to outsource much of the creation, maintenance and support of their...

4 Ways Legal Processes Are Impacted By Technological Innovation

Technology offers huge opportunities for law firms to innovate in ways that benefit both them and their clients.

Anticipate the Future - How Lawyers Prepare for Technological Innovation

Across our society, we are witnessing economic and technological changes at an unprecedented rate. These changes will continue to influence the...

Cybersecurity: The Italian Paradise for Hackers

The current and rising spread of cloud computing, social media, wireless connectivity, e-commerce and big data is showing every day more and...

European Commission Proposal Strengthens Privacy Rules for Electronic Communications

Following a leak in early December, the European Commission has officially published the finalised proposed new legislation which aims to...

New General Data Protection Regulation (AVG) in The Netherlands and EU

Since 14 April 2016 the General Data Protection Regulation (AVG) has been adopted in the Netherlands. This means that starting from 25 May 2018...

Data Retention and National Law: Privacy over Public Security in the EU

The ECJ ruling in Joined Cases C-203/15 and C-698/15 Tele2 and Watson. The ECJ’s recent judgment in the important cases C-203/15 and C-698/15...

Leaked E-Privacy Draft: What to Expect in Malta & the EU

Following the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation, the European Commission has been working on reforming the E-Privacy...

The Copyright Paradigm: Marrakesh Treaty

Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled. Marrakesh...

Cybersecurity in Israel: Protecting Your Investments

Your company faces potential threats every day from hackers and online criminals. Whether they are interested in stealing money, absconding with...

Reverse Vesting and Holdback – Good News for Entrepreneurs in Israel?

“In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.” Benjamin Franklin strikes again. However, in the world of high tech...

Raising Funds and Selling Your Start-Up in Israel: Be Prepared

By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.” Wise words from Benjamin Franklin. From day one most Israeli entrepreneurs are already...

From a Start-Up Nation to a Cyber Security Nation: The Evolution of Israel as a Security Leader

Most people who think about leading global players in online security concerns think big: the United States, China, and Russia. Quietly, though,...

Clearing the Mist for Good: New EU Code of Conduct on Privacy

Individual developers as well as SMEs across the world are currently developing a Cambrian explosion of business activity on mobile. This in...

New Directive in EU Law on Trade Secrets and Know-how

Whilst the protection of Know-how and Trade Secrets is usually covered in local law there is often confusion as to how this will translate...

New Domain Extensions: Benefits and Opportunities for Businesses in Latin America

The Internet has become an important business tool for brand promotion. Any company that wants to successfully put its products or services...

New General Data Protection Regulation in Romania

In Romania, and perhaps in the rest of Europe, little attention seems to be paid to Data Protection and the implication of the regulations which...

Court Ruling Strengthens Protections Against Cell Phone Tracking

A judge from the federal district of southern New York has decided to invalidate evidence obtained through the use of a cell phone tracking...

The Features of Surrogacy Contracts in Ukraine

The complexity of procedures for implementing surrogacy requires fixing contractual relationships between the parties and fixing the potential...

The Popularity of Surrogacy in Ukraine

The right to maternity and paternity is one of the basic moral rights of the couple under Art. 49.50 Family Code of Ukraine. However, there are...

Can You Break the Law in Virtual Reality?

Virtual reality is now becoming mainstream. What was once a popular topic for science fiction, virtual reality is now becoming – for lack of a...

California Startup Seeking to Hire Foreign Employee on H-1B Visa

  By Kaass Law
Whether you are a foreign citizen willing to work in the US or an US employer that wants to hire a foreign employee, below are a number of...

Personal Data Protection and Medical Research: The New Legal Fframework in the EU

On May 4th 2016, the official text of Regulation 2016/679 “on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data...

Pesticide Residues in Food and GM Foods in the EU - Latest Developments and Questions

The use of pesticides in food, especially when growing fruit and vegetables, is now commonplace; farmers use pesticides in order to preserve or...

Key Points on Regulation (EU) No 536/2014 on Cinical Trials on Medicinal Products for Human Use

The Regulation 536/2014’s purpose is the growth acceleration of pharmaceutical research via clinical trials in the European Union. Its...

Health Apps: The Challenge of Digital Health for European Legislators

Health apps have a significant impact on the provision of medical care globally. In our previous article we focused on the legal protection of...

Mobile Health Apps and Big Data: The Legal Map in the EU

The use of mobile applications in healthcare has been rapidly growing, globally. Meanwhile, a long and intense discussion has emerged between...

Medical Devices & In-Vitro Diagnostics in the EU: What’s Next?

On October the 5th, 2015, the EU Council of Ministers agreed on its baselines on the looming two Regulations on medical devices and in-vitro...

Rational Choice as a Theory of Crime

Rational choice is a prominent theoretical model in many fields of research, though many criminologists continue to doubt its applicability as a...

Drones and the Challenges of Intellectual Property

Intellectual property as an autonomous branch of Commercial Law, is beginning to face a new technological challenge, since there are some...

Kazakhstan Personal Data Protection: Crucial Points

Nowadays personal data protection necessity has very high value. Possession of the data in the hands of swindlers transforms into criminal...

A Look at Cyber Crimes Related Legal Provisions in Bangladesh for Ordinary Internet Users

With the recent events of the “Xunaed Video Scandal” which went viral and the Bangladesh Bank heist, interest of ordinary internet users in...

China’s Updated High and New-Technology Enterprise Program

  By MMLC Group
On 29 January 2016, the Ministry of Finance, the State Administration of Taxation and the Ministry of Science and Technology jointly issued the...

How Businesses Will Be Affected by the New Cybersecurity Directive

Cyber security is a prominent issue on the EU’s digital agenda. Many governments and companies are vulnerable to cyber security threats. For...

Apple vs. The FBI

Last month a federal magistrate judge in California ordered Apple to bypass the security protocols on an iPhone 5 that belonged to one of the...

French Data Protection Authority Clamps Down on Facebook’s Privacy Violations

On Monday, the 8th of January 2016, the French data protection authority, Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertes (CNIL), issued...

Cyber Investigation - How Prepared are the Indian Police?

India has emerged as a favorite hub for cybercriminals, mostly hackers and other malicious users who use the Internet for committing crimes. As...

Access to Genetic Resources and Sustainable Utilization in Colombia

When we think about the economic development of Colombia we have to consider the importance of the biological diversity that this country has...

Trademark Oppositions in India: How Serious Should Your Business Take It?

An intellectual property portfolio is a collection of IP assets belonging to a business or an enterprise. Trademark is the essence of products...

European Parliament Shoots Down Amendments Protecting Net Neutrality

In a vote that took place on the 27th of October, the European Parliament has rejected a number of legal amendments to the proposed net...

The Commission Refuses to Comment on Germany’s Data Retention Laws

The Data Retention Directive was enacted as a reaction to the 2004 and 2005 terrorist attacks in Europe in order to harmonize the investigation...

Privacy Laws and Social Media Sites

  By HG.org
Social media sites and privacy are somewhat inherently at odds. After all, the point of social media is to share your life with the world; the...

Distribution Agreements in Turkish Law

Due to developments particularly in telecommunication technologies and transport since last century, more products have been demanded by...

German Telemedia Act in the Case of Websites on the Internet

The internet is today an indispensable part of many areas of life, but those running commercial websites have to be mindful of the German...

Facebook Taken to Court by Belgium over Privacy Breach Claims

The Belgian Commission for Privacy Protection (CPP) is claiming that Facebook is monitoring the web movements of both users and non-users...

Do Not Forget about the ‘Right To Be Forgotten’

Last year, European citizens were granted the right to submit a request to Google for the delisting of personal information deemed to be...

The Digital Single Market Top Priority for EU

Creating a Digital Single Market is one of the ten priorities of the EU President-elect Jean-Claude Juncker.

Data Protection on the Web & E-Health

The issue of data protection becomes paramount. In the context of e-Health, it is critical that users are always given the option to users to...

Overhaul Aimed at Making all Media Equally Available throughout Europe

The European Union has recently unveiled a planned reform for the 28 Member State’s digital market aimed at boosting ecommerce and overhauling...

I'm Being Harassed on Facebook, Instagram, or Twitter; What Are My Legal Options?

  By HG.org
Cyber-bullying has become a very big problem in America, and it is not just limited to children. Every day, thousands of people have to contend...

International Payment Systems to Transfer Processing Inside Russia

Transactions inside Russia with the use of international payment cards will be processed within the Russian National System of Payment Cards...

The French Data Protection Authority CNIL Adopts Blanket Authorization for Pharma Industry

The French data protection authority (hereafter: “CNIL”) recently made public an important decision for the pharmaceutical industry. In a...

China’s Data Privacy Protection Comes of Age

  By MMLC Group
Here we look at some major recent developments in relation to data privacy protection in China. It is vital that all foreign and Chinese...

The Tao of Discovery

More than two thousand years ago, the Chinese warrior-philosopher Sun-Tzu wrote a treatise on military strategy called The Art of War. Since...

New Developments To Russian Personal Data Law

In July 2014, the Russian legislative authorities have adopted a set of amendments to the Federal Law "On Information, Information Technologies,...

Google’s Privacy Policy Questioned

European Union privacy regulators have been urging Google to refine its privacy policies for quite some time.

Regulating Software Usage Rights in Detail

Computers have become indispensable in private households and even more so in companies. When using software, licensing agreements, in...


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