How a Foreigner Can Obtain Temporary Asylum in Russia

In Russia, the Federal Law of 19.02.1993 No. 4528-1 "On Refugees" is in force, which allows a foreign citizen or stateless person to ask the Russian Federation for temporary asylum. Let's see how a foreign citizen can get temporary asylum in Russia.

Who can get temporary asylum in Russia

First of all, you need to distinguish between political asylum and temporary asylum. These are two diametrically opposed institutions. According to Russian law, temporary asylum can be obtained by foreigners who have grounds for recognizing them as refugees, but they are limited by the opportunity to temporarily stay on the territory of Russia. Also, foreigners who cannot be recognized as refugees, but for humane reasons, Russia does not expel them, can count on temporary asylum.

Temporary asylum in Russia is granted for one year. This period can be extended if a foreigner applies with an appropriate application.

What is the order of receipt

A foreigner must apply to the territorial migration department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. I would like to draw your attention to the fact that the application is filled out in Russian and cannot be submitted in the form of an electronic document.

When submitting an application, the applicant is interviewed and a questionnaire is filled out. You also need to remember that the applicant is subject to mandatory fingerprinting registration.

Certificate of consideration of the application

After submitting an application for temporary asylum, a certificate of consideration of this application is issued. The certificate confirms the legality of the presence of a foreigner on the territory of Russia. The validity period of the certificate is the period for consideration of the application, that is, three months.

After receiving the certificate, the foreigner must register at the place of stay in Russia and undergo a mandatory medical examination.

Result of consideration of the application

The decision to grant temporary asylum is made by the migration department of the territorial body of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. On the basis of a positive decision, a certificate is issued to a foreigner.

The certificate is a document proving the identity of a foreigner in Russia. But, the passport is transferred for storage to the territorial body of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.

Refusal to grant temporary asylum

In case of refusal of temporary asylum, a notification is issued to the foreigner within three working days, indicating the reasons for the refusal and the procedure for appealing it.

It is important to remember that a foreigner may also lose temporary asylum if the foreigner has left Russia, the circumstances, as a result of which the foreigner received temporary asylum, have disappeared, or if the foreigner acquired the citizenship of Russia or another state.

By Ivan Kuznetsov, Russia
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Ivan Kuznetsov
Ivan Kuznetsov received several higher educations in Russia. Among them are legal and economic education. His general legal experience is 12 years. He is a licensed professional lawyer. The main area of his practice is the protection of foreigners and foreign legal entities in Russia. Speaks English, Russian.

Copyright Ivan Kuznetsov

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this publication at the time it was written. It is not intended to provide legal advice or suggest a guaranteed outcome as individual situations will differ and the law may have changed since publication. Readers considering legal action should consult with an experienced lawyer to understand current laws they may affect a case. For specific technical or legal advice on the information provided and related topics, please contact the author.

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