Naturalization Law refers to the legal processes affecting the choice to adopt the nationality of a nation by an individual who is not a citizen of that country at the time of their birth. In the United States, there are several requirements that must be met before a person can obtain citizenship or, in some cases, dual citizenship. These include residency, literacy, education, and an exhibition of “good moral character” and an attachment to the constitutional principles upon which the U.S. system of government is based.
General Requirements for U.S. Citizenship:
The applicant must be age 18 or older at the time of filing for naturalization;
The applicant must be a legal permanent resident (LPR) for at least five (5) years before being eligible for naturalization;
The applicant must have continuous residence in the United States as an LPR for at least five (5) years immediately preceding the date of filing the application and up to the time of admission to citizenship;
The applicant must be physically present in the United States for at least 30 months out of the five (5) years immediately preceding the date of filing the application;
The applicant must have lived within the State or one of its territories with jurisdiction over the applicant’s place of residence for at least three(3) months prior to the date of filing;
The applicant must demonstrate good moral character for five (5) years prior to filing for naturalization, and during the period leading up to the administration of the Oath of Allegiance;
The applicant must have an attachment to the principles of the U.S. Constitution and be well disposed to the good order and happiness of the United States during all relevant periods under the law; and
The applicant must be able to read, write, speak, and understand English and have knowledge and an understanding of U.S. history and government.
Please review the materials below for additional resources related to naturalization laws. Additionally, if you wish to speak with an attorney about becoming naturalized, you may find a list of attorneys by vising our Law Firms Page.
Articles on HG.org Related to the Naturalization Law
- What Is Marriage Immigration Fraud?There are incidents of United States citizens selling their marriage rights to foreign nationals for a visa, so they may remain in the country or immigrate. When these actions occur, and the couple is not truly together, this is considered marriage immigration fraud and could lead to penalties, deportation and fines.
- How to Acquire a Green Card through EmploymentAcquiring a green card for a foreign citizen is much easier when he or she has already obtained authorization to work in the United States and is provided sponsorship with the company. Through the business or organization, the individual may progress through employment verification, authorization and then permanent residency with the ability to work in the country.
- Employer's Use of the E-Verify SystemElectronic verification is used for confirming the ability and authorization for a new hire to work within a company through employers using and implementing these systems in the company. While it may cause little impact to an employee that is already authorized to work within the United States, foreign citizens could find themselves greatly affected.
- Immigration Law: Employment Eligibility VerificationFor those seeking to immigrate to the United States, it is crucial that the employer and worker file and complete all necessary employment eligibility documents and the individual is verified through the official channels. When these processes are not followed correctly, the company or single employer may face violation charges that could include both civil and criminal proceedings.
- How to Acquire Foreign Worker CertificationWhen someone lives in another country or wants to move there, it is important to acquire a foreign worker certification. For a person seeking work in the United States, this is obtained through the Department of Agriculture for laborers with farms and other locations and the Department of Labor for most other persons.
- How Long Does an I-601 Visa Take to Process?Certain immigrants are considered “inadmissible,” which typically results in them being denied admission into the country or provides grounds to have them removed from the country. However, some immigrants can still be legally admitted to the country if they can have their grounds for inadmissibility waived through an I-601 application. The processing time for this type of immigration relief varies by applicant.
- Green Card Lottery in the U.S. – Selection and Appeals ProcessThe Visa selection and appeals process is in place for foreign citizens to become temporary and permanent residents and citizens of the United States. When the selection passes a person over or the Visa procedure does not accept someone for permanent residency, it is possible through the appeals process to change the outcome.
- Refugee Status – Can It Lead to CitizenshipPeople who leave their home country because of concern regarding their safety may be able to come to the United States. They may be able to receive legal immigration status. In some instances, refugee status may ultimately lead to citizenship.
- International Crimes and ExtraditionWhen someone has been accused of a crime, he or she is usually provided the right of a fair trial. However, some of these situations involve extradition to his or her country of origin, and this could lead to complications in ensuring he or she has been punished in accordance with the international courts.
- Increase in Penalties for Employment Eligibility Form I-9 ViolationsIncreases in enforcement for the Immigration Reform and Control Act violations affect employees that work as non-home office workers. Many of these employees may or may not have signed an I-9, but when the federal government checks, these issues could lead to fines and other penalties when the worker has not filed the proper paperwork with the company.
- All Immigration Law Articles
Articles written by attorneys and experts worldwide discussing legal aspects related to Immigration including: extradition, green cards, naturalization and citizenship, visas, and work permits.
Naturalization Law - US
- ABA - Immigration And Naturalization Committee
The Committee considers matters of administrative law, procedure, and practice relating to immigration, naturalization, and aliens.
- Aliens and Nationality (Title 8)
Title 8 of the United States Code outlines the role of aliens and nationality in the United States Code.
- Immigration and Nationality Act
The Immigration and Nationality Act, or INA, was created in 1952. Before the INA, a variety of statutes governed immigration law but were not organized in one location. The McCarran-Walter bill of 1952, Public Law No. 82-414, collected and codified many existing provisions and reorganized the structure of immigration law. The Act has been amended many times over the years, but is still the basic body of immigration law.
- Naturalization - Wikipedia
Naturalization is the acquisition of citizenship and nationality by somebody who was not a citizen or national of that country when he or she was born. In general, basic requirements for naturalization are that the applicant hold a legal status as a full-time resident for a minimum period of time and that the applicant promise to obey and uphold that country's laws, to which an oath or pledge of allegiance is sometimes added. Some countries also require that a naturalized national must renounce any other citizenship that they currently hold, forbidding dual citizenship, but whether this renunciation actually causes loss of the person's original citizenship will again depend on the laws of the countries involved.
- Non Citizen Nationality
The Department of State occasionally receives requests for certificates of non-citizen national status pursuant to Section 341(b)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 USC 1452(b)(2).
- Public Laws Amending the INA
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) has been amended many times. When Congress enacts a law, it generally does not re-write the entire body of law, or even entire sections of a law, but instead adds to or changes specific words within a section. These changes are then reflected within the larger body of law.
- US State Department Services - Dual Nationality
The concept of dual nationality means that a person is a citizen of two countries at the same time. Each country has its own citizenship laws based on its own policy. Persons may have dual nationality by automatic operation of different laws rather than by choice. For example, a child born in a foreign country to U.S. citizen parents may be both a U.S. citizen and a citizen of the country of birth.
Organizations Related to the Naturalization Law
- Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
USCIS will secure America’s promise as a nation of immigrants by providing accurate and useful information to our customers, granting immigration and citizenship benefits, promoting an awareness and understanding of citizenship, and ensuring the integrity of our immigration system.
- Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)
The primary mission of the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) is to adjudicate immigration cases by fairly, expeditiously, and uniformly interpreting and administering the Nation's immigration laws. Under delegated authority from the Attorney General, EOIR conducts immigration court proceedings, appellate reviews, and administrative hearings.
- United States Citizenship Info - Naturalization Process
U.S. Citizenship.info is dedicated to teaching you how to become a U.S. Citizen in the clearest, most accurate way possible. The entire naturalization process is outlined below.
Publications Related to Naturalization Law
- Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA) - Citizenship and Nationality
The mission of the Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA) is to protect the lives and interests of American citizens abroad and to strengthen the security of United States borders through the vigilant adjudication of visas and passports. CA contributes significantly to the USG goal of promoting international exchange and understanding
- Certificate of Naturalization Application Guide
The United States Certificate of Naturalization Application Guide was developed to help naturalized U.S. citizens complete and file their own requests for a copy of their Certificate of United States Naturalization. This is a clear, step-by-step guide that explains how to efficiently and quickly obtain a copy of your certificate of United States Naturalization. Please note, you should only apply for a replacement certificate if your current certificate of naturalization is incorrect, lost, mutilated, or destroyed.
- Naturalization Test
One of the requirements for U.S. citizenship through naturalization is to take the naturalization test to demonstrate that you are able to read, write, and speak basic English and that you have a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government (also known as “civics”).