Guide to Scams

Law, Lawyers, Law Firm Related Scams



A scam is a deceptive or fraudulent business scheme, related to swindles, cons, fraud and the like. The most common intent of the scam artist or con artist is to obtain money, property and/or goods through illegal or deceitful means. The different types and categories are virtually limitless and the internet is rife with them.

Some con artists make a practice of using the good name of legitimate businesses to further their fraudulent activities. They contact their potential marks using the name of reputable law firms, attorneys, barristers, lawyers, solicitors, etc. They often reference the actual physical address of the legal professional they are illegally impersonating, but include their own contact phone number and email information. Some even go so far as to set up “dummy” websites with the legitimate law firm’s information but the scam artist’s own contact phone numbers and email addresses. It can be difficult to identify these people due to their use of actual lawyers and law firms. However, if you follow the tips below and adhere to the rule of thumb, it will assist you in avoiding these scams. For information on known legal impersonator con artists, see Scammers Impersonating Legal Professionals.

Scam artists typically rely on their marks’ naïveté, compassion, desperation, vanity, and even greed and dishonesty to accomplish their nefarious goals. One thing to always be wary of, is any company, organization or individual that contacts you, unsolicited, and promises you money, gifts and wealth; especially by way of an unknown party, inheritance, sweepstakes or contest.

The best rule of thumb to go by is “If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.” If you don’t know these people and they are offering you money, you should suspect a scam. And often, it is as simple as entering a bit of information into an internet search engine to identify it as such. Below are a number of links to online sites which work to identify scams and warn potential victims of their existence. Copyright HG.org


Known Legal Impersonator Scams

Some con artists make a practice of using the good name of legitimate businesses to further their fraudulent activities. They contact their potential marks using the name of reputable law firms, attorneys, barristers, lawyers, solicitors, etc. They often reference the actual physical address of the legal professional they are illegally impersonating, but include their own contact phone number and email information. Some even go so far as to set up “dummy” websites with the legitimate law firm’s information but the scam artist’s own contact phone numbers and email addresses.

By impersonating actual lawyers, these scammers attempt to boost their credibility with their potential victims. It can be difficult to identify these people due to their use of actual lawyers and law firms.

Learn about some known Legal Impersonator Scams below.

BARRISTER OSLU JONATHAN ESQ

Add star Oslu Jonathanoslu2282215720@gmail.com

Tue, Feb 23, 2016 at 4:53 AM

I appreciate your response, and I believe we must archive this goal once we're able to tell ourselves the truth to avoid making mistakes. Go ahead and contact your lawyer, if possible give him my contact number to contacts me anytime, here is my contact number once again: 22898673657.

And also do not fail to visit my embassy in your country to make proper inquiry about me. I nurse same fears of betrayal like you having met each other through one of the most abused means of communication being the Internet that has repeated history of abuses over the years. To allay each parties fears of the unknown,

I will suggest where you make out your time and come down here in person and see the reality for yourself. You might not in any way be related to the deceased client and our chances of success are not based on similarity of names or blood ties but on the fact that he died without leaving a will or who should inherit the fund. You have my guarantee once more that whatever information you supplied are in safe hands and will never be exposed to any transaction that will be of detriment to your hard earned reputation / image. It is my Bond. To reinforce your faith that the fund is both legitimate and clean,

I hereby extend my invitation to you to come down in person and process the claim under my honest and sincere guide. I do promise the best hospitality of our people down here on your arrival. The procedures of the transfer are very clear as listed below: Please be rest assured that the transaction is very safe, secured and legitimate.

I wait your final suggestion to know if you can make the trip as invited. I look forward to hearing from you With Kind Regards. BARRISTER OSLU JONATHAN ESQ. Senior Advocate, International Legal Practitioner

Honorable Young Ogbuefi (Benin)

Recently created a fake lawyer website www.ogbuefilawfirm.com with information taken from another legal website. Uses stolen US credit cards.

Letters Sent with an HG.org Logo by Fake Lawyer Ramon Pérez in Portugal


We are gathering information about a scam using the HG.org logo. The letters are sent by a fake lawyer office Ramon Pérez in Portugal and are posted in Valencia, Spain. The scammer requests 50-50 split on €7.5 million left in an account.

The email address used is ramonperezluc@gmail.com or ramonperezluc@lawyer.com

Their phone number is + 351 920 026 396

Fax is + 351 300 309 105

If you receive this type of letter, please contact HG.org as soon as possible. More About this Scam - Similar Scam Letters

Illegal Impersonation of Geni & Kebe SCP and Gabriel Geni
Geni & Kebe is a legitimate law firm practicing in Dakar, Senegal.

Scammers have been using this law firm name as well as variations of the name to swindle unsuspecting victims. Most well-known is the use of “Gen & Kebe-Law Firm Attorneys”. They have even set up a dummy website, www.gen-kebe-law-firm.com to dupe their potential marks. This website includes information about the legitimate Geni & Kebe law firm and their lawyers, with the actual office address, but their own email address and phone number. On their About Us- Law Firm Overview page in the Practice Areas section they have included links to our HG.org directories displaying the listing for our legitimate law firm subscriber, Geni & Kebe.

These con artists generally send emails to their potential victims, referencing a “Miss Dora Bemba” claiming and offering substantial sums of money for assisting in transferring an inheritance or some variation of this theme.

Geni & Kebe is in no way associated or affiliated with these claims, schemes or offerings. Their actual and legitimate website is www.gsklaw.sn.

Illegal Impersonation of Kwame Agati
The Law Offices of Kwame Agati is a legitimate law firm practicing in Accra, Ghana.

Scammers have been using this law firm name as well as the names of the lawyers working for the firm to swindle unsuspecting victims. These con artists generally send emails to their potential victims, claiming they are associated with the Law Offices of Kwame Agati, and stating that the person contacted can claim a substantial amount of money as an estate beneficiary, usually from a U.S. decedent.

Con artists have also used the Kwame Agati name in Romance and Online Dating Schemes.

The Law Offices of Kwame Agati is in no way associated or affiliated with these claims, schemes or offerings. See their disclaimer at http://www.kwameagati.com/docs/fraud.html.

Texas Bar Association and Law Firm Impersonator Scammers
  • Con artists impersonating lawyers from law firms in the Houston and Dallas, Texas areas are contacting individuals claiming that they have knowledge of debts owed and aggressively demanding payment.
  • Scammers have been calling bar association members and asking for payments of dues. These individuals claim they are from the bar association and that the lawyer’s bar car is expiring and membership dues must be paid immediately.
  • Unsolicited email requests for legal help collecting money or judgments. These con artists sometimes use identities stolen from actual professionals when making these requests.
  • Use of a stolen identity to entice an innocent third-party realtor in a real estate transaction for a purported overseas client.
  • Scam artists impersonating law firms issuing fake checks in an attempt to collect fees to clear said check.

Metromix - Xpress Legal Scam


A mail order scam group recently used the Metromix name and is contacting people telling them they've won a rewards program prize and will be given a check for thousands of dollars. This is a SCAM.

Alert - The scammers then send their "winner" a counterfeit check from Coppermark Bank, directing them to cash it and to pay taxes on the money they've won. Next, they ask their "winner" to send them money via Western Union to pay the tax bill. In reality, the check the scammers send for deposit is returned a week later as a fake check and the deposit is reversed. By this time their "winner" has already sent the scammers the tax payment and have lost their money.

Should you receive any similar "prize" notification with Metromix's name on it, please do not respond. Do not cash the scammers' fake check, and under no circumstances should you send them any money. The authorities have gotten involved to catch these scammers. If you receive a scam letter or have related questions, please contact us at privacy@metromix.com. Copyright from Metromix - Joe Rago

Additional Information about the scam:

The phone numbers of the scammers are 1 416 732 6310 in Ontario, Canada, 1 845 738 5655 and 206-350-9182.

They refer as Metromix Marketing Sweepstakes Division

They list themselves as:

Bruno Rosenburg or Paul Reynolds (President)
Maria Hall
Wayne Tomlison
Dean Sutton

Shopper's Voice Consumer Research Centre is another scam organized by the same people http://www.complaintsboard.com/complaints/shopper039s-voice-consumer-research-centre-c261088.html

Attorney Trust Account Scams
These fraudulent schemes target lawyers, law firms and the banks where the attorneys hold their client trust accounts. There are variations on these schemes, but ultimately, the attorney’s trust account is used to accomplish the con.

Scammers contact the attorney via e-mail (usually from an overseas "client" or "attorney") that typically involves the claim of delinquent collections, a purported real estate transaction, or a similar matter that requires the receipt of funds into an attorney’s trust account. Within days of receiving the funds and depositing them to the trust account but before the check has cleared, the lawyer is asked to wire funds from the account. The lawyer only finds out later the check is fraudulent when the bank returns the check and the scammer has already debited the lawyer’s trust account.

Resources for Identifying Scams

  • FBI – New E-Scams & Warnings

    Information and warnings about recent e-scams identified by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

  • Hot Scams

    An international anti-scam website for reporting, sharing and dissemination of scam info.

  • Known Legal Professional Impersonator Scams

    Scams involving the impersonation of legal professional that HG.org is personally aware of.

  • Ripoff Report

    Consumer advocate site. . .the victims’ advocate, civil and human rights activists, Nationwide Consumer Reporting News Agency. . . by consumers, for consumers. The Ripoff Report forum allows consumers to speak out against companies, businesses, governments, and individuals who have treated them unfairly.

  • Scam Check Station

    Curious whether or not it’s a scam? Find out at the Internet ScamBusters Scam Check Station. Provides info and links regarding recent scams and helpful tips for recognizing and avoiding these schemes.

  • Scam-O-Matic

    Yokohama, Japan software company that addresses spam and online fraud. Their online application allows users to copy/paste email received from suspected scammers to determine if it resembles a known scam.

  • Scam.com

    Blog forum largely dedicated to identifying various scams, frauds and cons and warning potential victims. Includes the following scam categories: Internet; MLM/Pyramid; Religious; Nigerian; Work at Home; Medical; Investment; Corporate; Mail Order; Lottery; Government; Insurance; Mortgage; Retail; Charity; Use Car; Auction; Hotel; and Others.

  • Snopes.com – Nigerian Scam, “4-1-9” or Advance Fee Fraud scheme

    Letters/emails from a foreign nation are sent to addresses obtained from mailings lists. They promise large sums of money as a reward for helping officials of that government, bank, agency, etc., out of a dire situation or legal problem.

  • USA.gov – Consumer Frauds and Scams

    USA.gov was legislatively mandated through Section 204 of the E-Government Act of 2002. As the U.S. government's official web portal, USA.gov makes it easy for the public to get U.S. government information and services on the web. USA.gov also serves as the catalyst for a growing electronic government. The Consumer Frauds and Scams Section provides links and information about scams and how to avoid them, as well as specific information about current scams to be aware of.

List of Scammers Updated

  • List of Scammers Who Contacted HG.org

    This is a list of emails and phone numbers from scammers who contacted HG.org, using HG.org logo or name, or added HG.org to their emails. Should you be contacted by a scammer or spammer using the HG.org website, please contact us and we will publish their information.

Articles About Scams

  • Massachusetts Embezzlement of Corporate Funds
    The crimes of embezzlement from a corporation could lead to severe criminal consequences to the individual when the local law enforcement become aware of the illegal activity. However, the person still has the access and ability to defend against the charges in court with a Massachusetts lawyer to mitigate or eliminate the damage of such charges.
  • LLC Bank Account: A Partner Committing Fraud
    If someone connected to a limited liability company is engaging in fraud or fraudulent activity, it is important to consider the possible actions available to ensure the partner not connected to the illegal actions is safe. When there is suspicion of a crime, it is crucial to gather as much evidence and details as possible for a potential arrest.
  • The Lone Star State Leads Charge Against Crypto-Fueled Fraud
    While it's not illegal for cryptocurrency businesses to market in the state of Texas, companies that operate in this nascent market should make sure they're doing things by the book. Otherwise, Texas regulators have proven they will get the ball rolling to quash those efforts in the state, at the very least.
  • What Is Voter Fraud and How Is It Committed?
    Voter fraud does occur within the United States, but there are many myths and lies that circulate every election term when the outcomes are not what the public feels the voting should conclude with. It is important to know what voter fraud is and how those involved perpetuate these actions throughout the years.
  • Immigration Consequences of Committing Voter Fraud
    When individuals that possess no citizenship in the country partake in voting events, this could skew the results for officials attempting to take office. While the registration system for voting does possess vulnerabilities to these actions, there are strict consequences of immigrants that alter the outcome of elections.
  • Questioned about Voter Fraud - Do I Need a Criminal Lawyer?
    Governing of most voting events are through state and local authorities and officials, and the laws are specific on how voter fraud would affect the individual based on the location in the country. However, some investigations involve the federal government, and it is important to consult a lawyer before defending against these allegations.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act and Improper Use of Personal Information
    The information provided by the Fair Credit Reporting Act is not for misuse or misreporting of credit details to those researching the individual person. However, sometimes, violations of the FCRA occur and harm the individual by lowering the credit score or leading to a denial or credit after the misuse occurs.
  • Fake Traffic Ticket Email Scams
    Scams exist in almost every aspect of the online world, and fake traffic tickets are no exception when the individual seeking to defraud others of money wants to increase his or her chances by using these methods. It is important to seek someone knowledgeable in the ticket areas of law enforcement to ensure that the ticket is valid.
  • How to Survive a Medicaid Fraud Investigation
    When Medicaid fraud investigators ask for an interview, remember this: Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. The investigators are not there to help you. Their job is to develop evidence to prove you are guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
  • Virginia Fraud Criminal Law Cases
    Criminal law cases with fraud in Virginia may involve everyday lives of many individuals depending on the circumstances of fraudulent activity such as those committed in a company or against a single person. Identifying fraud and the repercussions of the actions of others could prevent possible disaster or lead to further complications.



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